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  5. > The Global Market for Electricity Towers and Utility Poles 2014 - 2020

The Global Market for Electricity Towers and Utility Poles 2014 - 2020

  • November 2014
  • -
  • Statplan Energy Ltd
  • -
  • 148 pages

148 pages; 138 figures and tables. Taken together these two markets are valued at $27 billion in 2014. While growth is only steady, the key insight of this report is where the growth is likely to be, and the nature of it —new build or replacement. Towards the end of the short term forecast period we see the pace of growth increasing, partly because of the increasing need for replacement and partly through increased activity in developing markets.

The key elements of the report are:
- Installed base of electricity transmission towers, current and forecast to 2020—global, region, country
- Electricity transmission towers demand, current and forecast to 2020 expressed in US$
- Long term demand cycles for electricity towers
- Installed base of utility poles by primary use, global, regional and country
- Utility poles demand, current and forecast to 2020 expressed in US$
- Review of pole materials, predominant types by major region/country
- Review of approaches to space allocation on shared utility poles
- Transmission tower design
- Service life and maintenance of steel towers and wooden poles
- Market for poles and pylons in the electric rail industry
- Review of selected manufacturers

Table Of Contents

The Global Market for Electricity Towers and Utility Poles 2014 - 2020
Contents
Executive Summary 10
1. INSTALLED BASE OF ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION TOWERS, CURRENT and FORECAST TO 2020 12
1.1 Global installed base of transmission towers 12
1.2 North America 15
1.3 Europe 15
1.4 CIS 15
1.5 Middle East 20
1.6 North Africa 21
1.7 Sub-Saharan Africa 21
1.8 Asia Pacific 23
1.9 South and Central America 26
2. ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION TOWERS MARKET: DEMAND, CURRENT and FORECAST TO 2020 29
2.1 Global sales of electricity transmission towers to 2020 29
2.2 North America 30
2.3 Europe 31
2.4 CIS 35
2.5 Middle East 36
2.6 North Africa 39
2.7 Sub-Saharan Africa 40
2.8 Asia Pacific 42
2.9 South and Central America 45
3. LONG TERM DEMAND CYCLES FOR ELECTRICITY TOWERS 48
3.1 Growth of transmission line networks 48
3.2 Long term demand drivers 49
4. UTILITY POLE MARKET 51
4.1 Long term historical growth in the installed base of utility poles 51
4.2 Current installed base by utility 51
4.3 Installed base of utility poles by country 55
5. MARKET FOR UTILITY POLES: SALES CURRENT and FORECAST TO 2020 66
5.1 Global market for all utility poles - electricity, telecoms, rail 66
5.2 Global market value for electricity poles only 66
5.3 Market value by region 2014 - 2020 67
6. POLE MATERIALS 77
6.1 Pole material composition 77
6.2 United States 81
6.3 Europe 82
6.4 Russia 84
6.5 Japan 85
6.6 China 86
6.7 India 86
6.8 South Korea 86
6.9 Middle East 86
6.10 Africa 87
6.11 Types of poles 87
6.12 Applications 89
6.13 Size classification 906.14 Space allocation on joint utility poles 90
6.15 Supply space 91
6.16 Safety Zone space 92
6.17 Communications space 93
6.18 Other equipment 94
6.19 Physical access 95
6.20 Wood preservatives 95
6.21 Pollution from wood preservatives - leaching 96
6.22 Disposal 96
6.23 Construction classifications 97
7. TRANSMISSION TOWER DESIGN 98
7.1 Transmission tower structure 98
7.2 Tower installation 103
8. SERVICE LIFE AND MAINTENANCE OF STEEL TOWERS AND WOODEN POLES 104
8.1 Steel towers and poles 104
8.2 Wood poles 107
8.3 Concrete poles 110
9. ELECTRIC RAILWAYS 111
9.1 Overview of current networks 111
9.2 Traction systems 114
9.3 Voltages 116
9.4 The future of high speed rail 117
9.5 Market for poles and Pylons in the electric railway industry 119
10. MANUFACTURERS 120
10.1 Selected manufacturers of transmission towers 120
KEC International
Chinese manufacturers
Other Asian manufacturers
North American manufacturers
10.2 Selected manufacturers of distribution poles 124
North American manufacturers
European manufacturers
African manufacturers
11. CIRCUIT PHASES AND CONDUCTORS 128
11.1 Single circuit 128
11.2 Double circuit 129
11.3 Multiple conductors 129
11.4 Restrictions on multiple use corridors 132
12. COMPETITIONS FOR TOWER DESIGN 133
13. RIGHTS OF WAY 136
14. DANGER TO AND FROM BIRDS 142
14.1 Extent of the problem 142
14.2 Mitigation 147

Figures and Tables
Figure 1: Global installed electricity transmission towers, 2013-2020
Figure 2: Global installed electricity transmission towers by region, 2014
Figure 3: Regional growth in electricity transmission towers, 000s, 2013 - 2020
Figure 4: Global installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, North America, 2014 - 2020
Figure 5: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, Europe, 2014 - 2020, Countries A-L
Figure 6: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, Europe, 2014 - 2020, Countries L-Z
Figure 7: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, CIS, 2014 - 2020
Figure 8: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, Middle East, 2014 - 2020
Figure 9: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, North Africa, 2014 -2020
Figure 10: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2014 -2020, Selected
Countries
Figure 11: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, Asia Pacific, 2014 - 2020, Selected Countries
Figure 12: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, South America, 2014 - 2020
Figure 13: World sales of electricity transmission towers, nominal $, 2014 - 2020
Figure 14: Sales of electricity transmission towers by region, nominal $, million, 2014
Figure 15: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, North America, nominal $, million, 2014-2020
Figure 16: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, Europe, $ nominal, million, 2014 - 2020
Countries A-L
Figure 17: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, Europe, $ nominal, million, 2014 - 2020
Countries L-Z
Figure 18: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, CIS, $ nominal, million, 2014 - 2020
Figure 19: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, Middle East, $ nominal, million, 2014 - 2020
Figure 20: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, North Africa, $ nominal, million, 2014 - 2020
Figure 21: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, Sub-Saharan Africa, $ nominal, million, 2014 -
2020, Selected Countries
Figure 22: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, Asia Pacific, $ nominal, million, 2014 - 2020,
Selected Countries
Figure 23: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, South America, $ nominal, million, 2014 -
2020
Figure 24: The global networks of transmission lines, length in route km to 2050
Figure 25: Evolution of transformers in voltage kV and capacity MVA
Figure 28: Growth of the global installed base of utility poles
Figure 29: World installed base of utility poles, millions of poles by utility, 2014
Figure 30: World installed base of utility poles, millions of poles by region and utility sector, 2014
Figure 31: Lines in Bolivia (left) have considerably longer span than lines in Laos (right)
Figure 32: Installed base of utility poles in Europe, millions by country, 2014
Figure 33: Installed base of utility poles in the CIS, millions by country, 2014
Figure 34: Installed base of utility poles in the Middle East, millions by country, 2014
Figure 35: Installed base of utility poles in North Africa, millions by country, 2014
Figure 36: Installed base of utility poles in Sub-Saharan Africa, millions by country, 2014
Figure 36: Installed base of utility poles in Asia, millions by country, 2014
Figure 37: Installed base of utility poles in the Pacific, millions by country, 2014
Figure 38: Installed base of utility poles in North America, millions by country, 2014
Figure 39: Installed base of utility poles in Central America, millions by country, 2014
Figure 40: Installed base of utility poles in South America, millions by country, 2014
Figure 41: Global market size for all utility poles and pole-top assemblies, $ nominal, 2014 - 2020, electricity,
telecoms, rail and otherFigure 42: Global market size for electricity poles and other pole-top assemblies, nominal $, 2014 - 2020
Figure 43: Global market size for all utility poles by region, nominal $, 2014 - 2020, (electricity, telecoms, rail
and other)
Figure 44: Global market size for electricity poles by region, nominal $, 2014 - 2020
Figure 47: Double-circuit, 138-kV line on wood structures
Figure 48: Double-circuit, 138-kV line on galvanized steel poles
Figure 49: Single-circuit 138-kV line on weathering steel
Figure 50: H-frame wood structure
Figure 51: Space allocations on a joint utility pole
Figure 52: Supply space on a utility pole
Figure 53: Safety Zone Space on a utility pole
Figure 54: The Communications Space in a utility pole
Figure 55: Peak and Cage of a Transmission Tower
Figure 56: Cross Arm and Body of a Transmission Tower
Figure 57: Single and double circuit structures
Figure 58: Suspension tower, single steel pole
Figure 59: Lattice steel suspension tower (L6 used in the United Kingdom)
Figure 60: Installation of transmission tower by helicopter
Figure 62: Phase 1 - Coffee Stain Rust
Figure 63: Phase 2 - Abrasive Rust
Figure 64: Phase 3 - Abrasive Rust
Figure 65: Phase 3 - The tower falls
Figure 66: Outline of potential decay patterns
Figure 67: Decay in a wood utility pole
Figure 68: The voltage levels of the main railway networks in Europe
Figure 69: Map showing electrified railways in Europe
Figure 70: Overhead line for rail traction
Figure 71: High speed railway lines in Europe, 2011
Figure 72: Tower for single circuit, three phase system (three conductors)
Figure 73: Tower for double circuit, three phase system (six conductors)
Figure 74: Tower for multiple circuits, three phase system (twelve conductors)
Figure 75: Lattice (left) and Monopole (right) Towers
Figure 76: Two Multiple Lines in a Power Corridor
Figure 77: Dietmar Koering of Arphenotype, competition for Icelandic Electrical Transco/1
Figure 78: Dietmar Koering of Arphenotype, competition for Icelandic Electrical Transco/2
Figure 79: Dietmar Koering of Arphenotype, competition for Icelandic Electrical Transco/3
Figure 80: Y Pylon by Knight Architects competition for National Grid 2012
Figure 81: Plexus by Arup for National Grid 2012
Figure 82: The Land of Giants, Iceland, Choi and Shine
Figure 83: A distribution line right of way
Figure 84: A wetland-scrub/shrub-dominated community the first year after a mow
Figure 85: A grass-forb-dominated community in an agricultural matrix the first year after a mow
Figure 86: An example of a single ROW corridor
Figure 87: An example of parallel transmission ROW corridors
Figure 88: Typical European right of way cross section, self-supporting tower
Figure 89: Typical European right of way cross section, guyed tower
Figure 90: Right-of-way comparison for equivalent capacity of 765-kV and 345-kV lines
Figure 91: Blue crane electrocuted in South Africa
Figure 92: White Storks in their nest on a utility pole in Vl?deni, Romania
Figure 93: An example of a pole-mounted transformer
Figure 94: Distribution pole with symmetric chevron (arrow) on top as bird exclusion device
Figure 95: Dedicated nesting pole next to distribution pole with bird exclusion deviceTable 1: Global installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, 2014
Table 2: Global installed telecoms towers, by region, 000s, 2014 - 2020
Table 3: Global installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, North America, 2014 - 2020
Table 4: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, Europe, 2014 - 2020
Table 5: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, CIS, 2014 - 2020
Table 6: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, Middle East, 2014 - 2020
Table 7: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, North Africa, 2014 - 2020
Table 8: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2014 - 2020
Table 9: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, Asia, 2014- 2020
Table 10: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, Pacific, 2014- 2020
Table 11: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, South America, 2014 - 2020
Table 12: Installed electricity transmission towers, 000s, Central America, 2014 - 2020
Table 13: World sales of electricity transmission towers, nominal $, million, 2014-2020
Table 14: Sales of electricity transmission towers by region, nominal $, million, 2014
Table 15: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, North America, nominal $, million, 2014 -
2020
Table 16: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, Europe, $ nominal, million, 2014 - 2020
Table 17: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, CIS, $ nominal, million, 2014 - 2020
Table 17: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, Middle East, $ nominal, million, 2014 - 2020
Table 18: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, North Africa, $ nominal, million, 2014 - 2020
Table 19: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, Sub-Saharan Africa, $ nominal, million, 2014 -
2020
Table 20: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, Asia, $ nominal, million, 2014 - 2020
Table 21: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, Pacific, $ nominal, million, 2014 - 2020
Table 22: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, South America, $ nominal, million, 2014 -
2020
Table 23: Annual demand for electricity transmission towers, Central America, $ nominal, million, 2014 -
2020
Table 24: Installed base of utility poles in Europe, millions by country, 2014
Table 25: Installed base of utility poles in the CIS, millions by country, 2014
Table 26: Installed base of utility poles in the Middle East, millions by country, 2014
Table 27: Installed base of utility poles in North Africa, millions by country, 2014
Table 28: Installed base of utility poles in Sub-Saharan Africa, millions by country, 2014
Table 29: Installed base of utility poles in Asia, millions by country, 2014
Table 30: Installed base of utility poles in the Pacific, millions by country, 2014
Table 30: Installed base of utility poles in North America, millions by country, 2014
Table 31: Installed base of utility poles in Central America, millions by country, 2014
Table 31: Installed base of utility poles in South America, millions by country, 2014
Table 31: European market size for all utility poles by country, nominal $, million, 2014 - 2020, Electricity,
telecoms, rail and other
Table 32: CIS market size for all utility poles by country, nominal $, million, 2014 to 2020, Electricity,
telecoms, rail and other
Table 33: Middle East market size for all utility poles by country, nominal $, million, 2014 to 2020
(electricity, telecoms, rail and other)
Table 34: African market size for all utility poles by country, nominal $, million, 2014 to 2020, Electricity,
telecoms, rail and other
Table 35: Asian market size for all utility poles by country, nominal $, million, 2014 to 2020, Electricity,
telecoms, rail and other
Table 36: Pacific market size for all utility poles by country, nominal $, million, 2014 to 2020, Electricity,
telecoms, rail and otherTable 37: North American market size for all utility poles by country, nominal $, million, 2014 to 2020,
Electricity, telecoms, rail and other
Table 38: LAC market size for all utility poles by country, nominal $, million, 2014 to 2020, Electricity,
telecoms, rail and other
Table 39: Description and cost of repairs
Table 40: Recommended Pole Inspection Schedules, Rural Utilities Service, United States
Table 41: Electrified railways throughout the world, 2011
Table 42: Estimates of the annual number of collision victims with above ground transmission lines
(excluding distribution lines) for three different countries
Table 43: The size of large raptors

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