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This BCC Research report provides analysis, starting with a summary of the power storage technology involved, detailed profiles of major power source makers, and well-defined consensus, optimistic and pessimistic market scenarios for units sold, value of these units, and prices.

Use this report to:
- Learn about global legislative incentives, including research and development subsidies, manufacturing subsidies and tax breaks, and purchase and operating incentives.
- Receive information about the optimistic, consensus, and pessimistic market prediction scenarios where appropriate.
- Identify leading companies and analyze the market
- Learn about the status and recent events for power source maker companies.

Highlights
- The global electric vehicle (EV) market was worth over $73.0 billion in 2014. This market is expected to reach roughly $109.8 billion by 2019, a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.5% from 2014 to 2019.
- The global market for pure EVs totaled $25.0 billion in 2014 and is expected to reach about $44.2 billion in 2019, with a CAGR of 12.1% from 2014 to 2019.
- The global market for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) reached about $40.6 billion in 2014 and should reach about $54.8 billion in 2019, demonstrating a CAGR of 6.2% from 2014 to 2019.

Introduction & Scope

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
Electric vehicles (EVs) have been a commercial reality for more than 100 years. This report author’s grandfather owned a thriving business that provided Exide lead-acid
battery packs to 1920s EV users. Shortly thereafter, inexpensive gasoline and an ever-increasing desire for performance ended widespread EV use. Oil shortages and an
increased concern for the environment began to revive the industry in the 1970s, but wide adoption of various types of EVs always seemed just beyond the horizon—as soon
as gasoline cost more than $1 a gallon, or $2, or $4; or as soon as batteries improved to the point at which they could power a car for 40 miles; or as soon as batteries could
be recharged in less than six hours.

All these technological and market forces were resolved or exceeded, and during the first five years of the 21st century, the lead-acid battery-powered EV market began a
slow, steady period of growth. The second five years saw widespread use of nickel hydride battery-powered hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), the commercial production of
pure battery-powered EVs in many niche markets, very wide adoption of (usually) lead-acid battery-powered scooters, and commercial-scale demonstrations of fuel cell
vehicles.

Soon it was determined that HEVs could be turned into nickel metal hydride or lithium-ion battery-powered “plug-ins” that could be recharged by both the vehicle’s internal combustion engine, as well as a battery charger plugged into utility electric power. Of course, the original approach to the plug-in was a “pure” EV that had no internal combustion engine at all, just a motor and some type of battery bank. But this new approach resulted in an entirely new class of vehicle: the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) or the “extended range EV,” which has many of the advantages of both battery power and internal combustion power.

Now electric vehicles include passenger vehicles, scooters and buses as well as various niche markets. State-of-the-art batteries have also allowed a growing niche markets for trucks, buses, smaller electric scooters or “Segway”-type vehicles. A whole new market for “low-velocity” or “neighborhood electric vehicles” includes everything from
relatively low-tech, street-ready golf carts to advanced concept vehicles like General Motors’ Electric Networked-Vehicle (EN-V).

Surprisingly, the majority of the world’s EVs are the electric scooters, motorcycles and personal mobility devices sold in the People’s Republic of China. Even in the age of
advanced lithium-ion and lithium-ion polymer cells, most of these are still powered by lead-acid batteries. There is a drive to expand this market throughout the Far East,
especially into India.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
The global market for electric vehicle power sources is continuing to grow in most market sectors. The long predicted and explosive growth was blunted by the global
recession, the generally lower than anticipated gasoline prices, relatively isolated safety concerns and, in some cases, technology that has not always lived up to expectations. On the other hand, the foundation for much wider EV use is now well established, and there are well-financed private and government-backed plans for the
introduction of large numbers of next-generation vehicles. As the market for battery-powered vehicles grows, the emerging market for fuel cell-powered vehicles is
poised to breakout into wider use. Even as street-ready proton exchange membrane fuel cells hit the roads, some fundamental shifting in hydrocarbon recovery is making
natural gas more competitive with gasoline and diesel fuels.

With these types of opposing trends and developments in play, it is more important than ever to have access to an informed analysis of the industry’s status, scenarios,
and ultimately, realistic assessment of the industry’s fortunes. This report will provide this analysis, starting with a summary of the power storage technology involved, then
detailed profiles of major power source makers, and finally with well-defined consensus, optimistic and pessimistic market scenarios for units sold, value of these units, and
prices.

INTENDED AUDIENCE
This report is intended to provide a unique analysis of the broadly defined global electric vehicle and fuel cell vehicle markets, and will be of interest to all types of automakers, manufacturers of batteries, battery chargers and fuel cells. It also will be valuable to current and existing electrical vehicle users and competitors. This report also can provide valuable information in terms of assessing investment in particular technologies and, therefore, should benefit investors directly or indirectly.

Automakers and power source suppliers also may find market trends of interest when considering the establishment of growth strategies. BCC Research wishes to thank
those companies, government agencies and university researchers that contributed information for this report.

SCOPE OF REPORT
After decades of expensive development and false starts, the world is finally ready for electric vehicles. As defined by this report, the term “electric vehicles” includes
commercial approaches such as pure battery-powered vehicles, plug-in hybrids, hybrid internal combustion/battery, range extending, and fuel cell vehicles, as well as vehicles powered by developmental power sources such as supercapacitors and flywheel-powered. In addition to cars and trucks, this report considers motorcycles,
scooters, buses, neighborhood electric vehicles, military vehicles and locomotives.

This report details the actuals for 2009 and 2013, and compound annual growth rate (CAGR) projections for 2014 through 2019 for the North American, European, Far Eastern and Rest-of-World markets. Power source sales and values are provided under consensus, optimistic and pessimistic scenarios. A patent analysis and discussion for power sources and vehicle components describes where research is performed and emphasizes intellectual property issues.

As defined by BCC Research for this report, electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles include the following:
- Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs).
- Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs).
- Electric vehicles (pure EVs).

Specific types of vehicles using these batteries include:
- Passenger vehicles (sedans, microcars, SUVs, crossover SUVs, pickup trucks, sports cars).
- Low-velocity (golf carts, neighborhood electric vehicles, personal mobility devices).
- Scooters (two-wheelers, motorcycles, some three-wheelers).
- Buses.
- Commercial/industrial (material handling equipment, burden carriers, forklifts, trucks).
- Niche (military, locomotives).
These market sectors are defined, leading companies are identified and the markets analyzed (including a five-year market forecast). Finally, status and recent events for
power source maker companies are provided in the “Company Profiles” section.

Regions covered include:
- North America: Canada and the U.S.
- Far East: Japan, China, India, Indonesia, etc.
- Europe: Western Europe.
- Rest of World (ROW): South America, Mexico, Central America, Africa, Middle East, Australia, New Zealand, other Pacific nations, Russia, Eastern Europe and Turkey.

Table Of Contents

Electric Vehicles and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Technologies and Global Markets
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
SCOPE OF REPORT 3
METHODOLOGY 4
INFORMATION SOURCES 5
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 5
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 5
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 6
DISCLAIMER 6
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 8
SUMMARY TABLE 1 ELECTRIC VEHICLE VALUE BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 8
SUMMARY FIGURE 1 TIME VERSUS VALUE EV VALUE BY CONFIGURATION,
2009-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 9
SUMMARY TABLE 2 ELECTRIC VEHICLE SHIPMENTS BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 9
SUMMARY FIGURE 2 EV SHIPMENTS 2014, BY CONFIGURATION (%) 9
CHAPTER 3 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 12
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE: OVERVIEW 12
OVERVIEW: TYPES OF POWER SOURCES 12
Internal Combustion Power Sources 12
Battery Power Sources 13
Fuel Cell Power Sources 15
Exotic Power Sources 16
Hybrid Power Sources 16
OVERVIEW: VEHICLE TYPES 16
TABLE 1 ELECTRIC VEHICLE TYPES 16
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE: MARKET TRENDS 18
GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT 18
Pollution Abatement 19
TABLE 2 PROJECTED ANNUAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS FROM
PHEVS IN 2050 (MILLION MT) 20
TABLE 3 PEAK NEW VEHICLE MARKET SHARE IN 2050 FOR THE THREE PHEV
ADOPTION SCENARIOS (%) 21
Electric Utility Efficiency 21
Promotion of Domestic Energy Sources 22
Maintaining Technological Competitiveness through Subsidies and
Incentives 22
U.S. and State EV Battery Incentives and Subsidies 23
U.S. and State EV Fuel Cell Incentives and Subsidies 25
"EV Everywhere Grand Challenge" 28
TABLE 4 "EV EVERYWHERE GRAND CHALLENGE" 28
Canadian EV Battery and Fuel Cell Incentives and Subsidies 32
Chinese EV Battery and Fuel Cell Incentives and Subsidies 33
Indian EV Battery and Fuel Cell Incentives and Subsidies 34
Japanese EV Battery and Fuel Cell Incentives and Subsidies 34
European EV Battery and Fuel Cell Incentives and Subsidies 35
Indirect Incentives for EVs 37
CAFE and Other Fuel Efficiency Standards 37
Carbon Taxes 41
TABLE 5 INTERNATIONAL CARBON TAX STATUS 42
U.S. Federal and State Fuel Tax Scenarios and Their Impact on
Power Sources 42
TABLE 6 CURRENT FEDERAL MOTOR FUEL TAX RATES 43
TABLE 7 CURRENT STATE MOTOR FUEL TAX RATES (CENTS PER GALLON) 43
HEV AND EV BATTERY SAFETY ISSUES 48
Lithium-ion Battery Stability Issues 48
MARKET DRIVERS 49
Passenger Vehicle Market Drivers 49
Low-Velocity Vehicle Market Drivers 52
Scooter Market Drivers 53
Bus Market Drivers 54
Commercial/Industrial Vehicle Market Drivers 54
Niche Vehicle Market Drivers 55
HEV Market Drivers 56
PHEV Market Drivers 56
Pure EV Market Drivers 56
Battery-Powered Vehicle Market Drivers 57
Market Drivers Summary 57
TABLE 8 VEHICLE MARKET DRIVERS 58
TABLE 9 CONFIGURATION MARKET DRIVERS 59
BASIS FOR FORECAST SCENARIOS 60
TABLE 10 COMPARISON OF CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC SCENARIOS 61
PRICING TRENDS 71
EV, PHEV and HEV Pricing Model 72
TABLE 11 PRICE SURVEY BY CONFIGURATION 72
TABLE 12 PRICE SURVEY BY SPECIFIC 2014 EVS AND PHEVS 72
HEV Battery Pricing Model 73
EV Battery Pricing Model 74
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE: MARKET ORGANIZATION 74
LEADING ELECTRIC VEHICLE MAKERS 74
TABLE 13 FUEL CELL VEHICLES, HEV, PHEV AND PURE EV AUTOMAKERS 75
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE: PATENT TENSION 82
THE HISTORY OF THE NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE EV BATTERY INTELLECTUAL
PROPERTY SUITE 82
UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, HYDRO QUÉBEC, NTT AND OTHERS 84
VALENCE VERSUS PHOSTECH LITHIUM AND HYDRO-QUEBEC 85
3M, SONY, LENOVO AND PANASONIC 86
AN EXCEPTION: TESLA'S EV BATTERY PORTFOLIO GOES "OPEN SOURCE" 87
FUEL CELL PATENT DISPUTES AND ISSUES 88
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE: GLOBALIZATION 89
GLOBAL MARKET FORCES 89
TABLE 14 REGIONAL MARKET FORCES AND CONSTRAINTS 89
CHAPTER 4 VEHICLES 92
VEHICLE MARKETS BY TYPE 92
PASSENGER VEHICLES 93
Passenger Vehicle Companies 93
TABLE 15 ELECTRIC PASSENGER VEHICLE MAKERS 93
Passenger Vehicle Market Summary 97
TABLE 16 PASSENGER VEHICLE MARKET DRIVERS 98
TABLE 17 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC PASSENGER VEHICLE
SCENARIOS 99
TABLE 18 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED,
THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 101
TABLE 19 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 101
TABLE 20 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 101
TABLE 21 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 102
TABLE 23 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 102
TABLE 24 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 103
TABLE 25 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 103
TABLE 26 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 103
TABLE 27 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 104
TABLE 28 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 104
TABLE 29 TOTAL GLOBAL PASSENGER EV MARKET BY TYPE USED, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 104
LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLES 105
Low-Velocity Vehicle Companies 105
TABLE 30 ELECTRIC LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE MAKERS 105
Low-Velocity Vehicle Market Summary 105
TABLE 31 LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE MARKET DRIVERS 106
TABLE 32 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE
SCENARIOS 106
TABLE 33 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE
USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 107
TABLE 34 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE
USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 108
TABLE 35 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE
USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 108
TABLE 36 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE
USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 108
TABLE 37 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE
USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 109
TABLE 38 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE
USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 109
TABLE 39 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION,
THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 110
TABLE 40 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION,
THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 110
TABLE 41 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION,
THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 110
TABLE 42 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION,
THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 110
TABLE 43 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION,
THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 111
TABLE 44 TOTAL GLOBAL LOW-VELOCITY VEHICLE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION,
THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 111
SCOOTERS 112
Scooter Companies 112
TABLE 45 ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLE AND SCOOTER MAKERS AND MODELS 112
TABLE 46 ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLE AND SCOOTER MAKERS 114
Scooter Market Summary 114
TABLE 47 SCOOTER MARKET DRIVERS 114
TABLE 48 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC SCOOTER SCENARIOS 115
TABLE 49 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED,
THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 116
TABLE 50 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED,
THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 117
TABLE 51 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED,
THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 117
TABLE 52 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED,
THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 118
TABLE 53 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED,
THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 118
TABLE 54 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED,
THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 118
TABLE 55 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 119
TABLE 56 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 119
TABLE 57 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 120
TABLE 58 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 120
TABLE 59 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 120
TABLE 60 TOTAL GLOBAL SCOOTER EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 120
BUSES 121
Bus Companies 121
TABLE 61 ELECTRIC BUS MAKERS AND MODELS 121
TABLE 62 ELECTRIC BUS MAKERS 123
Bus Market Summary 123
TABLE 63 BUS MARKET DRIVERS 123
TABLE 64 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC BUS SCENARIOS 124
TABLE 65 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 125
TABLE 66 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 125
TABLE 67 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH
2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 126
TABLE 68 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH
2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 126
TABLE 69 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH
2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 127
TABLE 70 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH
2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 127
TABLE 71 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 128
TABLE 72 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 128
TABLE 73 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 128
TABLE 74 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 128
TABLE 75 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 129
TABLE 76 TOTAL GLOBAL BUS EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 129
COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL 130
Commercial/Industrial Companies 130
TABLE 77 ELECTRIC TRUCK MAKERS AND MODELS 131
TABLE 78 ELECTRIC BUS, TRUCK, INDUSTRIAL AND LOCOMOTIVE MAKERS 132
Commercial/Industrial Market Summary 132
TABLE 79 COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL VEHICLE MARKET DRIVERS 133
TABLE 80 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC COMMERCIAL/ INDUSTRIAL
SCENARIOS 134
TABLE 81 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY POWER
SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 135
TABLE 82 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY POWER
SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 135
TABLE 83 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY POWER
SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 135
TABLE 84 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY POWER
SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 136
TABLE 85 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY POWER
SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 136
TABLE 86 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY POWER
SOURCE USED, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 137
TABLE 87 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY
CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 137
TABLE 88 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY
CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 137
TABLE 89 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY
CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 138
TABLE 90 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY
CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 138
TABLE 91 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY
CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 138
TABLE 92 TOTAL GLOBAL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL EV MARKET BY
CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 138
NICHE 139
Niche Vehicle Companies 139
Niche Vehicle Market Summary 139
TABLE 93 NICHE VEHICLE MARKET DRIVERS 139
TABLE 94 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC NICHE SCENARIOS 140
TABLE 95 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 143
TABLE 96 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 143
TABLE 97 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH
2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 144
TABLE 98 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH
2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 144
TABLE 99 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED, THROUGH
2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 144
TABLE 100 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE USED,
THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 145
TABLE 101 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 145
TABLE 102 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 146
TABLE 103 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 146
TABLE 104 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 146
TABLE 105 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 146
TABLE 106 TOTAL GLOBAL NICHE EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH
2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 147
VEHICLE MARKETS BY POWER SOURCE 147
BATTERY-POWERED SOURCE MARKET SUMMARY 147
TABLE 107 BATTERY-POWERED SOURCE MARKET DRIVERS 148
TABLE 108 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC BATTERY-POWERED
VEHICLE SCENARIOS 149
Lead-Acid Battery Market Summary 150
TABLE 109 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID EV BATTERY MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 151
TABLE 110 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 151
TABLE 111 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 151
TABLE 112 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 152
TABLE 113 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 152
TABLE 114 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 153
Nickel Metal Hydride Battery Market Summary 153
TABLE 115 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY
VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 153
TABLE 116 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY
VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 154
TABLE 117 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY
VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 154
TABLE 118 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY
VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 154
TABLE 119 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY
VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 155
TABLE 120 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY
VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 155
Lithium-Ion Battery Market Summary 156
TABLE 121 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 156
TABLE 122 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 156
TABLE 123 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 157
TABLE 124 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 157
TABLE 125 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 157
TABLE 126 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 158
FUEL CELL POWER SOURCE MARKET SUMMARY 158
TABLE 127 FUEL CELL POWER SOURCE MARKET DRIVERS 158
TABLE 128 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC FUEL CELL VEHICLE
SCENARIOS 159
TABLE 129 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 160
TABLE 130 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 161
TABLE 131 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH
2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 161
TABLE 132 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH
2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 162
TABLE 133 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH
2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 162
TABLE 134 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH
2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 162
EXOTIC POWER SOURCE MARKET SUMMARY 163
TABLE 135 EXOTIC POWER SOURCE MARKET DRIVERS 163
TABLE 136 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC EXOTIC POWER SOURCE
VEHICLE SCENARIOS 164
TABLE 137 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY
VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 164
TABLE 138 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY
VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 165
TABLE 139 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY
VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 165
TABLE 140 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY
VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 166
TABLE 141 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY
VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 166
TABLE 142 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY
VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 166
VEHICLE MARKETS BY CONFIGURATION 167
HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE CONFIGURATION MARKET SUMMARY 167
TABLE 143 HEV CONFIGURATION MARKET DRIVERS 167
TABLE 144 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC HEV SCENARIOS 168
TABLE 145 TOTAL GLOBAL HEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 169
TABLE 146 TOTAL GLOBAL HEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 170
TABLE 147 TOTAL GLOBAL HEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 170
TABLE 148 TOTAL GLOBAL HEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 171
TABLE 149 TOTAL GLOBAL HEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 171
TABLE 150 TOTAL GLOBAL HEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 171
TABLE 151 TOTAL GLOBAL PHEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 172
PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE CONFIGURATION MARKET SUMMARY 172
TABLE 152 PHEV CONFIGURATION MARKET DRIVERS 172
TABLE 153 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC PHEV SCENARIOS 173
TABLE 154 TOTAL GLOBAL PHEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 174
TABLE 155 TOTAL GLOBAL PHEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 175
TABLE 156 TOTAL GLOBAL PHEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 175
TABLE 157 TOTAL GLOBAL PHEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 176
TABLE 158 TOTAL GLOBAL PHEV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 176
PURE ELECTRIC VEHICLE CONFIGURATION MARKET SUMMARY 176
TABLE 159 PURE EV CONFIGURATION MARKET DRIVERS 177
TABLE 160 CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC PURE EV SCENARIOS 177
TABLE 161 TOTAL GLOBAL PURE EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 179
TABLE 162 TOTAL GLOBAL PURE EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 180
TABLE 163 TOTAL GLOBAL PURE EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 180
TABLE 164 TOTAL GLOBAL PURE EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 181
TABLE 165 TOTAL GLOBAL PURE EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 181
TABLE 166 TOTAL GLOBAL PURE EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 181
VEHICLE MARKET SUMMARY 182
VEHICLE MARKET SUMMARY BY TYPE 182
TABLE 167 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 182
TABLE 168 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 183
TABLE 169 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 183
TABLE 170 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 183
TABLE 171 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 184
TABLE 172 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY VEHICLE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 184
VEHICLE MARKET SUMMARY BY POWER SOURCE 185
TABLE 173 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 185
TABLE 174 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 185
TABLE 175 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 185
TABLE 176 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 186
TABLE 177 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 186
TABLE 178 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY POWER SOURCE TYPE, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 187
VEHICLE MARKET SUMMARY BY CONFIGURATION 187
TABLE 179 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 187
TABLE 180 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 188
TABLE 181 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 188
TABLE 182 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019
(OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 188
TABLE 183 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 188
TABLE 184 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY CONFIGURATION, THROUGH 2019
(PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 189
VEHICLE MARKET SUMMARY BY REGION 189
Lead-Acid Battery-Powered EV Market by Region 189
TABLE 185 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 190
TABLE 186 GLOBAL LEAD-ACID BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 190
Nickel Metal Hydride Battery-Powered EV Market by Region 190
TABLE 187 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 191
TABLE 188 GLOBAL NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 191
Lithium-Ion Battery-Powered EV Market by Region 191
TABLE 189 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 191
TABLE 190 GLOBAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERY-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 192
Fuel-Cell-Powered EV Market by Region 192
TABLE 191 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 192
TABLE 192 GLOBAL FUEL-CELL-POWERED EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 193
Exotic Energy Storage-Powered EV Market by Region 193
TABLE 193 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 193
TABLE 194 GLOBAL EXOTIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM-POWERED EV MARKET BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 193
VEHICLE MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM 194
NORTH AMERICAN EV MARKET 194
TABLE 195 TOTAL NORTH AMERICAN EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 194
TABLE 196 TOTAL NORTH AMERICAN EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH
2019 (CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 194
EUROPEAN EV MARKET 195
TABLE 197 TOTAL EUROPEAN EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 195
TABLE 198 TOTAL EUROPEAN EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 195
FAR EAST EV MARKET 195
TABLE 199 TOTAL FAR EAST EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 196
TABLE 200 TOTAL FAR EAST EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 196
REST OF WORLD EV MARKET 196
TABLE 201 TOTAL ROW EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 197
TABLE 202 TOTAL ROW EV MARKET BY STORAGE SYSTEM, THROUGH 2019
(CONSENSUS SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 197
TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY REGION 197
TABLE 203 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS
SCENARIO) ($ MILLIONS) 198
TABLE 204 TOTAL GLOBAL EV MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (CONSENSUS
SCENARIO) (1,000 UNITS) 198
CHAPTER 5 COMPANY PROFILES 200
CHAPTER 6 APPENDIX EV POWER SOURCE MAKERS 320
TABLE 227 EV POWER SOURCE MAKERS 320

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