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The South African Coal Mining Sector: This report focuses on the mining of coal in South Africa as well as the activities of coal testing laboratories. South Africa depends heavily on coal as a source of economic value, employment and energy. According to StatsSA’s latest available figures, coal mining contributed R64bn, or 1.8%, to the country’s economy in 2013. The sector employs approximately 90,000 people and during 2014 the country’s coal exports amounted to 77.9Mt valued at US$5.1bn, while 183.0Mt of coal were sold locally.


Eskom’s Need for Coal: State-owned Enterprise, Eskom is dependent on coal for 90% of its power generation. Although the government’s revised Integrated Resource Plan 2010 - 2030 has targeted a reduction in South Africa’s coal-fired energy to 65% of the current value by 2030, replacing it with renewable energy (9%), nuclear power (20%), hydropower (5%), and closed cycle gas turbines (1%), industry commentators believe that these targets are unlikely to be achieved.


Challenging Conditions: Junior coal mining companies created by broad-based black economic empowerment initiatives are responsible for an estimated 30% of total South African coal production. However, many of these miners are struggling to survive because of high production costs, the low margins obtained on domestic sales and inadequate rail infrastructure for the transport of coal for export. Other challenges faced by all role players relate mainly to regulatory changes that have brought uncertainty, insufficient investment into establishing new mines, unreliable and reduced electricity supply, falling coal prices, and rapidly escalating production costs.



Report Coverage:

The South African Coal Mining sector report describes the current market, outlines M&A developments and corporate activity within the sector and focuses on factors influencing its success. The report profiles 25 companies, including the five major producers, Anglo American, Glencore, Exxaro Resources, Sasol and BHP Billiton Coal South Africa, now South32. Also profiled are junior miners including Sumo Coal (Pty) Ltd, which employs 55 people at its Kopermyne Colliery and is involved in three exploration projects, and Continental Coal Ltd, which is currently undergoing business rescue proceedings.

Table Of Contents

Mining of Coal and Lignite and Coal Testing Laboratories in South Africa 2015
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Value Chain 2
2.2. Geographic Position 5
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 6
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 19
4.1. Local 19
4.1.1. Corporate Actions 23
4.1.2. Regulations and Government Programmes 24
4.1.3. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 28
4.2. Continental 28
4.3. International 31
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 34
5.1. Government Support and Intervention 34
5.2. Labour 35
5.3. Economic Environment 37
5.4. Information Technology 39
5.5. Environmental Concerns 40
5.6. Mine Safety 41
5.7. Power Supply 41
5.8. Inadequate Rail Infrastructure 42
6. COMPETITION 42
6.1. Barriers to Entry 43
6.2. Technology, Research and Development (RandD) and Innovation 44
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 45
8. OUTLOOK 46
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 46
10. REFERENCES 47
10.1. Publications 47
10.2. Websites 48
COMPANY PROFILES - COAL MINING 49
Anglo Operations (Pty) Ltd 49
Anker Coal and Mineral Holdings South Africa (Pty) Ltd 52
ARM Coal (Pty) Ltd 54
Black Wattle Colliery (Pty) Ltd 57
Buffalo Coal Corporation 59
Coal of Africa Ltd 62
Continental Coal Ltd 66
Exxaro Resources Ltd 68
Firestone Energy Ltd 72
Glencore Operations South Africa (Pty) Ltd 74
Kangra Coal (Pty) Ltd 78
Keaton Energy Holdings Ltd 80
Kuyasa Mining (Pty) Ltd 83
Mmakau Mining (Pty) Ltd 85
Petmin Ltd 87
Resource Generation Ltd 90
Sasol Mynbou (Pty) Ltd 93
Sentula Mining Ltd 96
Shanduka Coal (Pty) Ltd 100
South African Coal Mining Holdings Ltd 102
South32 Ltd 105
Sumo Coal (Pty) Ltd 109
Umcebo Mining (Pty) Ltd 111
Universal Coal and Energy Holdings South Africa (Pty) Ltd 113
Wescoal Holdings Ltd 115
COMPANY PROFILES - COAL TESTING LABORATORIES 119
Bureau Veritas Testing and Inspections South Africa (Pty) Ltd 119
Chem-Science Laboratories (Pty) Ltd 121
CoalLab (Pty) Ltd 123
Council for Mineral Technology 125
Eskom Enterprises SOC Ltd 129
Glencore Operations South Africa (Pty) Ltd 132
Intertek Testing Services (SA) (Pty) Ltd 136
MBE Minerals (SA) (Pty) Ltd 138
Midlab CC 140
Mitra SK South Africa (Pty) Ltd 142
Noko Analytical Services CC 144
Sasol Ltd 146
SGS South Africa (Pty) Ltd 156
Siza Coal Services CC 160
South African Bureau of Standards 163
UIS Analytical Services (Pty) Ltd 166
Witlab (Pty) Ltd 168
Yanka Laboratories (Pty) Ltd 170

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