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  5. > US Electric Power Transmission & Distribution Equipment Market

US demand to rise 5.2% annually through 2019

US demand for electric power transmission and distribution (T&D) equipment is expected to rise 5.5 percent annually through 2019 to $33.4 billion. Growth in electricity generation by independent power producers (IPPs) and nonutility generators (NUGs), as well as greater electrical output utilizing renewable resources, will result in increased product sales, since these operations need to be appropriately equipped to deliver power to the electric grid. Furthermore, efforts to modernize the electric grid and improve efficiency and reliability will support market advances via the incorporation of “smart” technologies that provide a number of advantages, but also cost considerably more than conventional equipment.

IPPs & NUGs to drive growth in largest markets

The largest markets for electric power T&D equipment are the electric utility and industrial sectors. In 2014, electric utilities accounted for just over half of total demand, with the industrial sector -- including NUGs -- representing an additional one-third of the industry. Growth in these markets through 2019 will be supported by increasing electricity generation by IPPs and NUGs, which will require heavy investment by these firms to protect sensitive industrial machinery and connect new facilities to the grid. In addition, rising electric utility equipment spending will provide sales growth opportunities -- even though these increases will moderate from the strong pace of the past decade. The much smaller residential electric power T&D equipment market will post the fastest gains through 2019 as residential construction continues its recovery from 2009 lows and updates to the National Electric Code favor more advanced and more expensive arc-fault circuit interrupters. In contrast, the commercial, and government and institutional markets will post below average increases, with the latter expanding the slowest due to ongoing efforts to reduce budget deficits.

Advanced meters to record strongest demand gains

Advanced metering infrastructure meters are forecast to record the strongest demand gains of any electric power T&D equipment product. Suppliers will benefit from the ongoing development of the “smart grid” and related sales of “smart meters.” The ability of these meters to automatically read electricity inflows and outflows, which are necessary for participation in distributed generation and net metering programs, will also boost product demand. Sales of power circuit breakers, metal-clad and metal-enclosed switchgear, and molded case circuit breakers, as well as power and nonutility transformers, will also grow through 2019 as the industrial and NUG market continues to expand.

Growth in US shipments to slightly lag demand

US shipments of electric power T&D equipment are projected to climb 4.7 percent per year through 2019 to $27.4 billion. The US has historically been a net importer of these products, and the country’s trade deficit in electric power T&D equipment will rise through 2019, when it will be equivalent to 15 percent of domestic demand. Canada and Mexico are both significant markets for US exports and important foreign sources of supply. However, the best export opportunities for US manufacturers will likely be in developing countries in Asia and South America, as these areas continue to build their electricity infrastructure.

Study coverage

This upcoming industry study, Electric Power Transmission & Distribution Equipment, presents historical demand data (2004, 2009 and 2014) plus forecasts (2019 and 2024) by product and market. The study also considers key market environment factors, evaluates company market share, and profiles 34 industry competitors.

Table Of Contents

US Electric Power Transmission and Distribution Equipment Market
INTRODUCTION ix

I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1

II. MARKET ENVIRONMENT 4
General 4
Macroeconomic Environment 6
Fixed Investment 10
Construction Outlook 13
Electricity Generation 16
Generator 18
Fuel Type 19
Electric Generating Capacity 21
Electric Power Transmission and Distribution System 23
Electricity Consumption 26
Electric Power Equipment 28
Historical Market Trends 30
Pricing Trends 34
International Environment 38
World Market 39
US Foreign Trade 41
Imports 44
Exports 47

III. REGULATIONS and TECHNOLOGY 50
General 50
Regulations and Standards 51
Electric Utility Deregulation 51
Wholesale Deregulation 51
Retail Deregulation 54
Growth of Distributed Generation 58
Net Metering 58
Renewable Energy Portfolio Standards 61
Impact on Electric Power Transmission and Distribution
Equipment Markets 65
Environmental 66
Other 69
Technology 71
Smart Grid 72
Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupters 74
Amorphous Core Transformers 75
New Transformer Core Shapes 77
Variable Frequency Transformers 78
Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions Reductions 78
High Temperature Superconducting Equipment 79
Other 80

IV. PRODUCTS 82
General 82
Switchgear and Switchboard Apparatus 85
Low Voltage Switchgear 89
Metal-Clad and Metal-Enclosed Switchgear 92
Power Circuit Breakers 94
Molded Case Circuit Breakers 97
Construction MCCBs 100
Transportation, Electronic, and Other MCCBs 102
Power Switching Equipment 103
Fuses and Fuse Equipment 105
Duct 109
Switchgear Relays 111
Other 114
Control Panels 116
High Voltage Fuses and Links 116
All Other Types 117
Transformers 117
Power 122
500 kVA to 10 MVA 126
10 MVA to 30 MVA 127
30 MVA to 100 MVA 127
Over 100 MVA 128
Secondary and Other 129
Distribution 129
Single Phase 134
Three Phase and Other 135
Specialty 136
High Intensity Discharge Ballasts 138
Instrument Transformers 140
Other Specialty Transformers 141
Nonutility 141
Other Transformers and Parts 143
Electric Meters 145
Demand by Technology 148
Demand by Type 150
Pole and Transmission Line Hardware 151

V. MARKETS 155
General 155
Electric Utilities 158
Electric Utilities Outlook 158
Electric Power Transmission and Distribution Equipment
Demand 161
Industrial and Nonutility Generators 165
Manufacturing and Nonutility Generation Outlook 166
Electric Power Transmission and Distribution Equipment
Demand 171
Commercial Sector 175
Commercial Sector Outlook 176
Electric Power Transmission and Distribution Equipment
Demand 177
Residential Sector 181
Residential Sector Outlook 182
Electric Power Transmission and Distribution Equipment
Demand 185
Government and Institutions 188
Government and Institutions Outlook 189
Electric Power Transmission and Distribution Equipment
Demand 191

VI. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 194
General 194
Market Share 197
Product Development 201
Manufacturing 205
Marketing and Distribution 206
Cooperative Agreements 209
Mergers and Acquisitions 212
Company Profiles 215
AB Chance, see Hubbell
ABB Limited 216
Acme Electric, see Power Products
Alstom SA 221
American Superconductor Corporation 224
Ancor, see Power Products
AZZ Incorporated 225
Basler Electric Company 228
Blue Sea Systems, see Power Products
Brush Group, see Melrose Industries
Carling Technologies Incorporated 230
Central Moloney Incorporated 232
Cooper Industries, see Eaton
Crompton Greaves Limited 233
Del City, see Power Products
Eaton Corporation plc 235
Electro-Mechanical Corporation 242
Elster Solutions, see Melrose Industries
Federal Pacific, see Electro-Mechanical
GandW Electric Company 244
Gardner Bender, see Power Products
GE Digital Energy, see General Electric
General Electric Company 247
Hammond Power Solutions Incorporated 254
Hawker Siddeley Switchgear, see Melrose Industries
Hitachi Limited 257
Howard Industries Incorporated 260
Hubbell Incorporated 262
Itron Incorporated 266
Kohler Company 268
Landis+Gyr, see Toshiba
LAPP Insulators Holding GmbH 269
Line Power Manufacturing, see Electro-Mechanical
Littelfuse Incorporated 271
Marinco, see Power Products
Melrose Industries plc 273
Mersen SA 277
Metglas, see Hitachi
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation 279
Nuclear Logistics, see AZZ
Ohio Brass, see Hubbell
Panasonic Corporation 281
Powell Industries Incorporated 283
Power Products LLC 286
PowerSense, see Toshiba
Prolec GE Internacional, see General Electric
Royal Philips NV 289
SandC Electric Company 291
Schneider Electric SA 295
Sensus USA Incorporated 299
Siemens AG 300
SPX Corporation 305
SymCom, see Littelfuse
TE Connectivity Limited 308
Thomas and Betts, see ABB
Toshiba Corporation 310
Turner Electric, see Power Products
Universal Lighting Technologies, see Panasonic
Additional Companies in Electric Power Transmission
and Distribution Equipment 314

LIST OF TABLES

SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Summary Table 3
SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 Macroeconomic Indicators 10
2 Nonresidential Fixed Investment Expenditures 13
3 Construction Expenditures 16
4 Electricity Generation by Generator and Fuel Type 17
5 Electric Generating Capacity 23
6 Electricity Demand by End User 27
7 Electric Power Equipment Demand 30
8 Electric Power TandD Equipment Market, 2004-2014 33
9 Electric Power TandD Equipment Price Deflators 37
10 World Electric Power TandD Equipment Demand 41
11 Foreign Trade in Electric Power TandD Equipment 44
12 US Electric Power TandD Equipment Imports by Source,
2004-2014 46
13 US Electric Power TandD Equipment Exports by Destination,
2004-2014 48
SECTION III -- REGULATIONS and TECHNOLOGY
1 State Renewable Energy Portfolio Standards and Goals 64
SECTION IV -- PRODUCTS
1 Electric Power TandD Equipment Supply and Demand 84
2 Switchgear and Switchboard Apparatus Supply and Demand 88
3 Low Voltage Switchgear Supply and Demand 91
4 Metal-Clad and Metal-Enclosed Switchgear Supply and Demand 94
5 Power Circuit Breaker Supply and Demand 97
6 Molded Case Circuit Breaker Supply and Demand 100
7 Construction-Related MCCB Demand 102
8 Power Switching Equipment Supply and Demand 105
9 Fuse and Fuse Equipment Supply and Demand 109
10 Duct Supply and Demand 111
11 Switchgear Relay Supply and Demand 114
12 Other Switchgear Supply and Demand 115
13 Transformer Supply and Demand 121
14 Power Transformer Supply and Demand 126
15 Distribution Transformer Supply and Demand 134
16 Specialty Transformer Supply and Demand 138
17 Nonutility Transformer Supply and Demand 143
18 Other Transformer and Part Supply and Demand 145
19 Electric Meter Supply and Demand 148
20 Pole and Transmission Line Hardware Supply and Demand 154
SECTION V -- MARKETS
1 Electric Power TandD Equipment Demand by Market 157
2 Electric Utility Indicators 161
3 Electric Utilities Market for Electric Power TandD Equipment 164
4 Industrial and Nonutility Generator Sector Indicators 171
5 Industrial and Nonutility Generator Market for Electric Power
TandD Equipment 174
6 Commercial Indicators 177
7 Commercial Market for Electric Power TandD Equipment 180
8 Residential Indicators 185
9 Residential Market for Electric Power TandD Equipment 187
10 Government Expenditures and Investment 190
11 Government and Institutional Market for Electric Power TandD
Equipment 192
SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 Electric Power TandD Equipment Sales by Company, 2014 196
2 Selected Cooperative Agreements 211
3 Selected Acquisitions and Divestitures 214

LIST OF CHARTS

SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 Electric Power Transmission and Distribution System 25
2 Electric Power TandD Equipment Market, 2004-2014 34
3 Electric Power TandD Equipment Pricing Patterns, 2004-2024 37
4 US Electric Power TandD Equipment Imports by Source, 2014 47
5 US Electric Power TandD Equipment Exports by Destination,
2014 49
SECTION III -- REGULATIONS and TECHNOLOGY
1 Status of Retail Electric Utility Deregulation, 2014 57
2 Net Metering Customers, 2004-2014 61
SECTION IV -- PRODUCTS
1 Electric Power TandD Equipment Demand by Type, 2004-2024 85
2 Switchgear and Switchboard Apparatus Demand by Type, 2014 89
3 Transformer Demand by Type, 2014 122
SECTION V -- MARKETS
1 Electric Power TandD Equipment Demand by Market,
2004-2024 157
2 Electric Utilities Market for Electric Power TandD Equipment,
2004-2024 165
3 Industrial and Nonutility Generator Market for Electric Power
TandD Equipment, 2004-2024 175
4 Commercial Market for Electric Power TandD Equipment,
2004-2024 181
5 Residential Market for Electric Power TandD Equipment,
2004-2024 188
6 Government and Institutional Market for Electric Power TandD
Equipment, 2004-2024 193
SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 Electric Power TandD Equipment Market Share, 2014 198

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