Table of Contents
Graphene is being touted as a winder material across the innovation ecosystem of various industries. According to a Frost & Sullivan analysis, the graphene market is expected to reach $ million by 2020. Apart from increasing the adoption in industries such as electronics and composites, a number of new markets such as healthcare and cosmetics are expected to open up for graphene in the next 3 to 5 years. Graphene is a clean material with extensive production processes such as exfoliation and plasma vapor deposition; this can help in gaining advantage over materials such as carbon nanotubes (CNT). Solving scalability issues and wide scale application potential along with characteristics such as mechanical integrity and electrical conductance also help the material gain competitive advantage. Monolayer and bilayer graphene, graphene oxide and graphene nanoparticles are expected to be the top adopted forms, especially in the electronics and composite markets.
Briefly, this research service provides:
•A snapshot of graphene as a material and its capabilities.
•Market impact assessment and analysis of recent innovations.
•A detailed analysis of technology and business accelerators and challenges in graphene in the energy, electronic, and composites markets.
•An assessment of technology adoption focusing on the global hotspots.
•An evaluation of emerging opportunities and a timeline roadmap that helps identify the year of impact.
•Some key patents that provide an insight into notable activities of global participants.
•A detailed list of contacts in the field.
Graphene in Energy Sector
- Graphene is expected will replace silicone in the future in the energy sector. Graphene will be used chiefly to store hydrogen and for energy generation.
- Lithium storage and catalytic system substrates are some of the most demanding areas of graphene. Energy storage applications for batteries and capacitors have been identified. Emphasis of the energy market on ultra and super-capacitors is noteworthy. Graphene will also function as an advanced electrochemical material for use in electrochemical energy storage systems.
- Smart grids offer more technological capability of graphene.
- The lithium air/oxygen (Li-O2) batteries replaces intercalation electrodes in conventional Li-ion batteries in next-generation energy storage devices.
- In the future, the two dimensional model of graphene will become obsolete. 3D graphene will be more popular for design of super-capacitors and batteries and newer capabilities of the advanced version would be derived.
- From an application point of view; energy, photonics, and electronics sectors are likely to overlap for graphene. This holds a promising future for the materials.
Graphene in Electronics Sector
- In the electronics sector, graphene will replace traditional materials such as indium oxide owing to high performance. Graphene being extremely strong and transparent can be incorporated in the flexible electronics sector.
- In early 2013, European Union (EU) announced the investment of $ x billion in Graphene research and this offers good opportunities for the stakeholders in this space.
- Giants such as Samsung and IBM offer active competition.
- Graphene’s zero band gap allows it to continuously conduct electricity. While in some industries this has been identified as a major potential, others regard this as a technological challenge. As nanocomposites graphene find highest applications in the electronics space.
- A large number of startups in Europe are manufacturing graphene nanocomposites blended with titanium, silicon etc.
- Graphene will have tremendous applications in commercial scale is that in optoelectronics; specifically touchscreens, liquid crystal displays (LCD) and organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs)
Graphene in Composites Sector
- Since graphene is ultralight and has good mechanical properties, it can be used in integrated chips and sensors in smart fabrics and wearable computing.
- In the electronics sector, graphene has the highest potential and also the highest patent filings around the world.
- Transistors is a space under electronics, which would see high market adoption. Others such as spintronics are under research.
- Other composite forms, which have become popular are hybrids and reinforcements. Carbon nanotubes reinforced with graphene is very popular to produce composites.. These have found applications in the automotive, coatings, biomedical and aerospace sectors.
- Graphene dispersion matrix is being researched upon to produce cost-effective solutions in different sectors.
What is Graphene?
•Graphene is a thin and transparent form of carbon, with a thickness of x atom.
•Graphene is extremely strong, but is also light weight.
•In the molecular level, graphene is a zero band gap semi conductor which enables its use in various applications.
•Graphene is highly stable compared to conventional materials as the atoms are tightly packed in an alternate array of carbon atoms.
•It has good mechanical integrity and is said to be 100 times stronger than steel. Hence, significance of graphene as a material is very high in industrial applications.
•Graphene is said to be the most reactive chemical form of carbon.
•Graphene is used as a light weighting element in composites for automotive and aerospace industries.
•Graphene is used in energy storage operations.
•Graphene is used in the biomedical engineering sector.
•Graphene is used in filtration to design mixed matrix membranes. It is already in use for water filtration and is being explored for gas filtration.
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