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Ghana - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband

  • March 2015
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 65 pages

Government invests in Eastern and Western Corridor fibre infrastructure
Ghana’s telecom sector has benefited from it having been one of the first on the continent to be liberalised and deregulated. The privatisation of Ghana Telecom in 1996 was the catalyst for an extraordinary growth in market competition across the mobile, internet and fixed-line sectors. The company has been part of the Vodafone Group since 2008. Other international players which have invested in Ghana’s telecom market include Bharti Airtel, MTN and Millicom, all three of which are significant regional players.

The landing of two international submarine fibre optic cables in 2012 and 2013 has significantly increased international bandwidth, leading to significant activity in the broadband sector. In addition, the government’s investment in its Eastern and Western Corridor fibre project has linked businesses and anchor tenants including government offices as well as a number of Community Information Centres, built to help push ICT into rural communities.

Since launching the first cellular mobile network in sub-Saharan Africa in 1992, Ghana has developed one of the continent’s most vibrant mobile markets, with six competing operators including regional heavyweights. While growth in the voice market has slowed with higher penetration, there is enormous potential in coming years for mobile data and mobile broadband. Operators are capitalising on consumer demand for services by upgrading existing 3G infrastructure with LTE.

Key developments:
Regulator prepares to licence up to three MVNOs;
Government removes 20% tax on smartphone imports;
Surfline Communications expands LTE services;
Eastern Corridor project completed, work starts on Western Corridor;
Government plans launch of the Ghanasat 1 satellite in 2020;
Ghana Information Communication Technology Council set up to guide the ICT sector;
Microsoft and SpectraLink Wireless trial white spaces broadband;
Report includes regulator’s market data to December 2014;
Operators’ data to Q4 2014;
Recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:
MTN Ghana; Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom; OneTouch); Millicom Ghana (Tigo); Expresso Telecom (Sudatel, Kasapa); Globacom (Glo Mobile); Bharti Airtel (Zain/Celtel, Westel); Thuraya, Network Computer Systems (NCS); InternetGhana; Africa Online; Busy Internet; Linkserve; IDN; Infinite Stream Ghana; Electricity Corporation of Ghana (ECG); Cactel Communications; Main One; O3b Networks; VoltaCom; Internet Solutions; Phase3 Telecom, Telkom Malaysia; Telenor; Capital Telecom; Suburban Telecom.

Table Of Contents

Ghana - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband
1. Key Statistics
2. Telecommunications Market
2.1 Overview of Ghana's telecom market
3. Regulatory Environment
3.1 Regulatory authority
3.1.1 National Communications Authority (NCA)
3.2 West African Common Regulatory Framework 2005
3.3 New competition framework 2006
3.4 Electronic Communications Act
3.5 Electronic Transaction Act
3.6 Universal service
3.7 Ghana Investment Fund for Telecommunications (GIFTEL)
3.7.1 The eCARE project
3.8 Telecom sector liberalisation
3.9 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
3.10 Fixed-line licence conditions
4. Fixed Network Market
4.1 Fixed-line statistics
4.2 Fixed Network Operators
4.2.1 Ghana Telecom (Vodafone)
4.2.2 Bharti Airtel (Zain, Westel)
4.2.3 Capital Telecom Ltd (defunct)
5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
5.1 Public payphones
5.2 Fibre backbone infrastructure
5.3 International infrastructure
5.4 Submarine fibre optic cables
5.5 SAT-3/WASC submarine fibre
5.5.1 Glo-1
5.5.2 Main One
5.5.3 WACS
5.5.4 ACE
5.6 Satellite services
6. Internet Market
6.1 Overview
6.2 eHealth
6.2.1 Internet statistics
6.3 Facebook and LinkedIn
6.4 PC penetration, Affordable computer programs
6.5 Public Internet Access Venues (PAVs)
6.5.1 Shared access centres
6.5.2 Mobile Telecentre To-Go
6.6 Dial-up
6.7 ISP market
6.7.1 Major ISPs
6.7.2 Ghana Internet Service Providers Association (GISPA)
6.7.3 Ghana Internet Exchange Point (GIX)
7. Broadband Market
7.1 Overview
7.2 Broadband statistics
7.3 ADSL
7.4 Wireless broadband
7.4.1 iBurst
7.4.2 WiMAX
7.4.3 WiFi
7.4.4 EV-DO
7.5 Powerline Communication (PLC)
7.6 Internet via satellite
7.7 Mobile broadband
7.8 O3b
7.9 Domestic backbone network infrastructure
7.9.1 Ghana National Public Data Network (DataNet)
7.9.2 GT FastNet
7.9.3 VoltaCom
7.9.4 Internet Solutions (IS)
7.9.5 Phase3 Telecom
7.9.6 Electronic Data Interchange
7.9.7 VSAT networks
8. Digital Media
8.1 Convergence
8.1.1 VoIP telephony
8.1.2 Broadband TV (IPTV)
8.1.3 E-commerce
8.1.4 E-government, e-Ghana project
8.1.5 E-learning
9. Mobile Communications
9.1 Overview of Ghana's mobile market
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.2.1 General statistics
9.2.2 Mobile voice
9.2.3 Mobile broadband/data
9.2.4 Forecasts
9.3 Regulatory issues
9.3.1 Licensing
9.3.2 Spectrum
9.3.3 Roaming
9.3.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
9.3.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.3.6 Network sharing
9.3.7 Tariffs
9.3.8 Taxation
9.3.9 Registration of subscriber details
9.3.10 Billing
9.4 Mobile infrastructure
9.4.1 Analogue networks
9.4.2 Digital networks
9.4.3 Other infrastructure developments
9.5 Satellite mobile
9.6 Major mobile operators
9.6.1 Vodafone (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch)
9.6.2 MTN Ghana (formerly ScanCom, Spacefon Areeba)
9.6.3 Tigo (Millicom Ghana, Mobitel)
9.6.4 Expresso
9.6.5 Bharti Airtel (Zain/Celtel, Westel)
9.6.6 Glo Mobile
9.6.7 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
9.7 Mobile content and applications
9.7.1 m-banking
9.7.2 Mobile TV
9.7.3 M-health
9.8 Mobile handsets
Table 1 Country statistics 2014 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2014
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2014
Table 4 Internet, broadband and social media user statistics 2014 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2014
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Fixed-line and mobile services revenue 2010 - 2012
Table 8 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1999 - 2004
Table 9 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 - 2015
Table 10 Fixed-line subscribers by operator 2011 - 2014
Table 11 International bandwidth 2001 - 2013
Table 12 Internet users and penetration rate 2000 - 2015
Table 13 Fixed-line internet subscribers 2005 - 2015
Table 14 Dial-up internet subscribers 2005 - 2010
Table 15 Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2005 - 2015
Table 16 DSL subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 17 Ghana Telecom broadband subscribers 2013 - 2014
Table 18 Mobile data subscribers by operator 2013 - 2014
Table 19 Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2009 - 2015
Table 20 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1999 - 2004
Table 21 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2015
Table 22 Overview of mobile network launch dates
Table 23 Mobile voice subscribers by operator 2011 - 2014
Table 24 Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator 2011 - 2014
Table 25 Forecast mobile subscribers 2014; 2017
Table 26 Cumulative mobile number portings 2011 - 2015
Table 27 Vodafone Ghana subscribers 2008 - 2014
Table 28 MTN Ghana financial data 2011 - 2014
Table 29 MTN Ghana mobile subscribers 2012 - 2014
Table 30 MTN Ghana ARPU 2002 2014
Table 31 Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers 2013 - 2014
Table 32 Espresso Ghana mobile subscribers 2013 - 2014
Table 33 Espresso Ghana mobile subscribers 2013 - 2014
Table 34 Glo Mobile subscribers 2013 - 2014
Chart 1 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 - 2015
Chart 2 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2015
Chart 3 Mobile voice subscribers by operator 2011 2014
Exhibit 1 SMS as a weapon against drug counterfeiting

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