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Nigeria - Fixed-Line Market and Fibre Infrastructure - Insights and Statistics

  • April 2015
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 26 pages

Nigeria has the most competitive fixed-line market in Africa, featuring a second national operator (SNO, Globacom) and over 80 other companies licensed to provide fixed-telephony services. The alternative carriers combined now provide around 85% of all fixed connections while the ailing incumbent, Nitel, is in liquidation after a decade of failed privatisation attempts.

Most fixed lines are via wireless technologies, which have given operators the chance to enter the lucrative mobile market under a unified licensing regime. This has helped them secure investment from local and foreign companies. However, the number of fixed-wireless connections has fallen in recent years as customers adopt mobile services. This trend has in turn prompted mergers and acquisitions in the sector, which is likely to continue in coming years.

Several microwave and fibre-based national backbone networks are being rolled out by various companies. Nitel's monopoly on international fibre bandwidth via the SAT-3/WASC submarine cable system ended in 2009 when Globacom's Glo-1 cable landed in the country, followed by other cables subsequently. These additional submarine cables, supported by improved domestic fibre infrastructure, have delivered a further boost to the country's developing broadband sector.

Key developments:
Government suggests that NigComSat be privatised; National telco Nitel sold to NATCOM Consortium; Phase 3 Telecom begins building fibre link to Niger; alternative carriers provide 85% of fixed connections; mergers and acquisitions continue among smaller operators; fixed-wireless connections declining in favour of mobile services; new international submarine fibre optic cables planned.

Companies mentioned in this report:
Nigerian Telecommunications Ltd (Nitel, Pentascope, Transcorp); Globacom; VGC Communications (MTN); Nepskom Communications; MTS First Wireless; Suburban Telecom; Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN); Traffic Network Services; Fibre Tech West Africa; Phase3 Telecom; Alheri Engineering; Gateway Telecoms Integrated Services; Mobitel Nigeria; Prestel (O-Mobile); Galaxy Backbone; 21st Century Technologies; Main One (Mainstreet Technologies); Brymedia; NigComSat; O3b Networks, WASACE.

Table Of Contents

Nigeria - Fixed-Line Market and Fibre Infrastructure - Insights and Statistics
1. Synopsis
2. Fixed-line market and infrastructure overview
2.1 Fixed-line statistics
2.2 Unified licensing regime
2.3 Regional broadband infrastructure licences
3. Fixed network operators in Nigeria
3.1 Nigerian Telecommunications (Nitel, defunct)
3.1.1 Network infrastructure
3.1.2 National backbone network
3.1.3 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
3.1.4 Services
3.1.5 Debts
3.1.6 The Pentascope period, 2003-2005
3.1.7 The Transcorp period, 2006-2009
3.1.8 Privatisation attempts 2010-2012
3.1.9 Liquidation
3.2 Globacom
3.2.1 Network infrastructure
3.2.2 Fibre optic backbone network
3.2.3 International presence
3.2.4 Services
3.2.5 International expansion
3.3 VGC Communications, MTN
3.4 National Long-Distance Operators (NLDO)
3.4.1 Nepskom Communications Ltd (defunct)
3.5 Fixed-wireless network operators
3.5.1 MTS First Wireless
3.5.2 Mobitel Nigeria Ltd
3.5.3 Prestel (O-Mobile)
3.5.4 Regional FWA operators
3.5.5 New fixed-wireless licences 2013
4. National fibre optic infrastructure
4.1 Backbone networks
4.1.1 National Information Infrastructure Backbone (NIIB)
4.1.2 Galaxy Backbone Plc
4.1.3 Suburban Telecom
4.1.4 Phase3 Telecom
4.1.5 Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN)
4.1.6 Mobile operators' national backbone networks
4.1.7 Private networks
4.2 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
5. International infrastructure
5.1 Submarine fibre
5.1.1 SAT-3/WASC
5.1.2 Glo-1
5.1.3 Main One
5.1.4 WACS
5.1.5 ACE
5.1.6 WASACE
5.2 Terrestrial fibre
5.2.1 The Central African Backbone (CAB)
5.2.2 Nigeria Niger link
5.3 Satellite
5.3.1 Rascom
5.3.2 NigComSat
5.3.3 O3b Networks
6. Related reports
Table 1 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Nigeria 1999 - 2004
Table 2 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Nigeria 2005 - 2015
Table 3 Fixed and fixed-wireless lines in Nigeria by operator, market share December 2013
Chart 1 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Nigeria 2005 - 2015
Exhibit 1 Regional FWA licensees in Nigeria

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