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Results of End-user Survey Conducted 1Q 2015
A true real-time city exploits its massive data repositories, its network and sensor infrastructure, and the expertise of its ICT partners in the pursuit of policy goals. Frost & Sullivan’s end-user survey explores how the early innovators are using big and/or open data to achieve these aims and ultimately to build a foundation for commercially-sustainable services. Question topics include city goals, data providers/users, open source software, project financing, and collaborative efforts. The resulting ‘heat map’ represents the relative progress of 27 respondents in West and East Europe.
Findings—Real-Time City Trends in Europe
Survey respondents are using and publishing data in order to address high-priority policy objectives: to reduce traffic congestion, improve energy efficiency, encourage
citizen engagement, and present government as accessible and accountable. They are also embracing open innovation and advanced applications such as 3D mapping
and virtual reality (VR) to reduce the cost of urban planning functions. The approach is typically project-based and more integration across organisational silos will be needed to achieve longer-term goals such as economic growth and development of an indigenous tech sector.
Public and Private Sources
Most datasets made available on a license-free basis are generated by the public sector. Private commercial sources include specialised areas such as geospatial
information system (GIS) datasets for mapping and transportation system feeds. Published data is mainly static and structured—such as census data—and so easily
imported to a central hub. However, real-time unstructured streams such as social media and closed-circuit television (CCTV) are essential for any real-time city and
will quickly become dominant by volume and importance.
The market for data acquisition platforms is not the most attractive for ICT vendors as cities are gravitating towards open source options such as CKAN and Socrata. In
time, more strategically important roles will become available to manage platforms, data flows, and integration, and to offer analytic tools and services.
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