United Kingdom - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

  • May 2014
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 164 pages

Fast broadband services influencing home-buying across the UK
The UK has one of the largest telecom markets in Europe. The market enjoys high mobile and broadband penetration and excellent competition. It is also characterised by an innovative broadcast sector which has pioneered business models for distributing digital content. As a consequence, digital TV uptake has reached about 95% of the population. Consumer prices across the board have fallen steadily, while network capabilities have been greatly expanded following recent investments by British Telecom and Virgin Media.

The broadband market enjoys effective cross-platform competition, with comprehensive DSL coverage complemented by cable networks which reach about half of all premises. The DSL network has been upgraded during the last few years as a result of BT's migration to its new 21CN, while investment is ongoing in vectoring and G.fast technologies. Virgin Media, owned by Liberty Global, has emerged as the best provider in terms of realised speeds - the company has rolled out a 120Mb/s service across much of its footprint. In addition, BT's FttC/VDSL service should cover 66% of the population by 2015. The market remains fiercely competitive as a result of regulatory measures to provide competitor access to BT's exchanges, while similar measures have been undertaken to ensure equal access on fibre networks.

Wireless broadband has seen moderate growth in the UK in recent years. Many WiFi and WiMAX deployments have been instigated by municipalities, while the major wireless operators have expanded their networks and concentrated on sharing hotspots. Wireless broadband on mobile networks has shown phenomenal growth since 2010 as consumers exploit the wider availability of more capable networks. From late 2013 high-end mobile data has been stimulated by the availability of greater network capacity through LTE operating on spectrum auctioned in early 2013.

The UK remains at the forefront of media convergence. The digital broadcasting industry, including satellite, digital cable, digital terrestrial and IPTV services, is well established - the UK has the highest digital TV penetration in Europe, with a substantial multichannel environment.
The UK also has one of the largest mobile markets in Europe, both in revenue and in the number of subscribers. It is served by four major providers, which have all launched LTE services, as well as by a growing number of low-cost MVNOs. The market can expect considerable changes during the next two years as operators prepare their business plans to accommodate spectrum acquisitions and to adjust to the refarming of 2G spectrum for 3G and 4G use.

This report analyses the key aspects of the UK's telecom market, presenting statistics on the fixed network services sector and an overview of the key regulatory issues including the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, and carrier preselection. The report reviews the major fixed network telcos, examines the status of fixed-line voice services following the deregulation of the retail call market sector, and assesses the success and market impact of BT Openreach. The report also profiles the broadband market, covering technologies and including the latest statistics, an update on recent commercial initiatives, an assessment of Next Generation Access, and forecasts to 2020. It reviews the markets for bundled and convergent services, including developments in Video-on-Demand, IPTV and VoIP, and assesses the broadcasting sector including statistics and analysis on ASO. The mobile voice and data markets are covered with overview of statistics, regulatory issues and technologies, and an assessment of emerging mobile data possibilities in coming years in the wake of the fast-growing deployment of LTE.

Key developments:

Ofcom reassesses 900MHz and 1800MHz annual licence fees;
O2 closes O2 Wallet service; government updates on release of 500MHz spectrum;
UK and German governments sign on to cooperate in 5G research;
EE's LTE network reaches 70% population coverage;
EE and H3 sign passive LTE network sharing deal; Vodafone sells stake in Verizon Wireless for £84 billion;
broadband availability influencing home buying habits;
government commits £150 million to its Mobile Infrastructure Project to improve rural mobile coverage;
53% of households receive bundled services; Liberty Global buys Virgin Media for US$23.3 billion;
average mobile broadband speeds reach only 1.5Mb/s;
BSkyB offers free WiFi access to its broadband subscribers; regulator's market data reports;
operator data to Q1 2014;
market developments to April 2014.

Companies covered in this report include:
H3 UK, O2, Vodafone, Virgin Mobile, UK Broadband, (EE, incorporating the former T-Mobile UK and Orange UK), Tesco Mobile, British Telecom, BSkyB, Freeview, BBC, Tiscali, Thrive Telecom, Libera, The Cloud. Virgin Media, Kcom, Cable & Wireless, COLT Telecom, Carphone Warehouse.
Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Table Of Contents

1. Key Statistics
2. Telecommunications Market
2.1 Economic climate
2.2 Overview of the UK's telecom market
3. Regulatory Environment
3.1 History
3.1.1 Revised NFR
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.2.1 Office of Communications (Ofcom)
3.2.2 Ofcom's strategic review
3.2.3 Digital Economy Act 2010
3.3 BT's functional separation
3.3.1 Openreach
3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in the UK
3.4.1 Privatisation of British Telecom
3.4.2 Interconnect
3.4.3 Access
3.4.4 Number Portability (NP)
3.4.5 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
3.4.6 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
4. Fixed Network Operators
4.1 New regulations
4.2 British Telecom
4.2.1 Company restructure
4.3 KCom
4.4 Cable andamp; Wireless (Candamp;W)
4.5 Virgin Media
4.6 COLT Telecom
4.7 Carphone Warehouse
4.8 Talk Talk Group
4.9 Orange
4.10 BSkyB
5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.2 Next Generation Networks
5.2.1 BT's 21CN
5.3 International
5.3.1 Submarine cable networks
5.3.2 Satellite networks
5.4 Cloud services
6. Broadband Market
6.1 Overview
6.1.1 Broadband statistics
6.1.2 Emerging trends
6.1.3 Government support
6.2 Cable modems
6.3 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
6.3.1 DSL providers
6.3.2 ADSL2+
6.3.3 SDSL
6.3.4 Very High Data Rate DSL (VDSL)
6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premise (FttP) networks
6.4.1 BT
6.4.2 Virgin Media/Fujitsu
6.4.3 KCom
6.4.4 Sky Broadband/TalkTalk
6.4.5 Other developments
6.4.6 FttC developments
6.4.7 Costing fibre
6.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
6.6 Wireless broadband
6.6.1 Regulatory environment
6.6.2 White space spectrum
6.6.3 Spectrum auctions
6.6.4 WLAN/WiFi
6.6.5 WiMAX
6.6.6 Mobile broadband
6.6.7 Internet via satellite
7. Digital Media
7.1 Overview of digital media
7.2 Key general trends
7.3 Business models - bundled offers
7.4 Regulatory issues
7.4.1 Ofcom
7.4.2 Digital Dividend Review
7.4.3 Digital switchover licensing
7.5 Digital TV (DTV)
7.5.1 Broadband TV (IPTV)
7.5.2 Cable TV
7.5.3 Satellite TV
7.5.4 Digital Terrestrial TV
7.5.5 Video-on-Demand (VoD)
7.5.6 VoIP
8. Mobile Communications
8.1 Overview of the UK's mobile market
8.1.1 Mobile statistics
8.1.2 Operator market shares
8.2 Regulatory issues
8.2.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
8.2.2 Spectrum refarming
8.2.3 Roaming
8.2.4 Number portability
8.2.5 Mobile termination rates (MTRs)
8.3 Major mobile operators
8.3.1 Hutchison 3
8.3.2 O2
8.3.3 Vodafone
8.3.4 EE
8.3.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
8.4 Mobile voice services
8.4.1 Prepaid cards
8.5 Mobile Data
8.5.1 Overview
8.5.2 Spectrum
8.5.3 Operator services - 3G
8.5.4 Mobile Messaging
8.5.5 Mobile data services
9. Forecasts
9.1 Forecasts - broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2012; 2020
9.1.1 Scenario 1 - higher broadband subscriber growth
9.1.2 Scenario 2 - lower broadband subscriber growth
9.2 Forecasts Mobile
9.2.1 Forecasts - mobile ARPU - 2007 - 2010; 2015; 2020
9.2.2 Forecasts - mobile subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2016
9.2.3 Forecasts - UMTS - 2007 - 2010; 2015
Table 1 - Country statistics - 2013 (e)
Table 2 - Telecom revenue and investment statistics - 2013 (e)
Table 3 - Telephone network statistics - 2013 (e)
Table 4 - Internet user statistics - 2012
Table 5 - Broadband statistics - 2013 (e)
Table 6 - Mobile statistics - 2013 (e)
Table 7 - National telecommunications authority
Table 8 - Telecom sector investment - 2007 - 2013
Table 9 - Household penetration of fixed and mobile services - 2006 - 2013
Table 10 - Fixed-line calls and access revenue by main operator- 2011 - 2013
Table 11 - Communications retail revenue by sector - 2003 - 2012
Table 12 - Retail voice and data revenue - 2003 - 2012
Table 13 - Household spend on telecoms services - 2005 - 2011
Table 14 - Communications revenue by sector - 2003 - 2012
Table 15 - Communications wholesale and retail revenue - 2005 - 2012
Table 16 - Call volumes, fixed-line and mobile in minutes - 2003 - 2013
Table 17 - Proportion of calls made, fixed-line and mobile - 2006 - 2012
Table 18 - Telecom retail revenue by sector: fixed, mobile - 2000 - 2013
Table 19 - Telecom connections: fixed, mobile, broadband - 2002 - 2013
Table 20 - Fixed telecoms revenue by type - 2006 - 2012
Table 21 - Household penetration by telecom technology - 2003 - 2004; 2006 - 2013
Table 22 - Revised LLU, shared access prices - 2009 - 2012
Table 23 - BT LLU, shared wholesale lines - 2004 - 2013
Table 24 - Lines with CPS - 2004 - 2014
Table 25 - WLR lines - 2004 - 2014
Table 26 - Fixed-voice traffic by type in minutes - 2002 - 2013
Table 27 - Fixed telecom lines by operator - 2005 - 2013
Table 28 - Fixed-voice and data retail revenue - 2006 - 2013
Table 29 - Fixed-voice revenue by call type - 2002 - 2011
Table 30 - Fixed-voice revenue by call type - 2011 - 2013
Table 31 - BT share of residential call types by traffic volumes - 2002 - 2013
Table 32 - BT Consumer lines and TV subscribers - 2011 - 2013
Table 33 - BT financial data - 2006 - 2014
Table 34 - BT revenue by retail, Consumer, Business divisions - 2007 - 2014
Table 35 - BT revenue by Global Services, Wholesale and Openreach divisions - 2007 - 2014
Table 36 - BT retail revenue by sector (historic) - 2008 - 2012
Table 37 - KCom revenue - 1999 - 2014
Table 38 - Cable andamp; Wireless Europe financial data - 2009 - 2013
Table 39 - Cable andamp; Wireless subscribers by sector (historic) - 2007 - 2009
Table 40 - Virgin Media revenue - 2003 - 2013
Table 41 - Virgin Media revenue by sector - 2006 - 2013
Table 42 - Virgin Media subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2013
Table 43 - COLT financial data - 2006 - 2013
Table 44 - Carphone Warehouse Europe mobile subscribers - 2011 - 2012
Table 45 - Carphone Warehouse Europe revenue, profit - 2008 - 2013
Table 46 - Talk Talk financial data - 2009 - 2014
Table 47 - Talk Talk subscribers - 2011 - 2013
Table 48 - Orange broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2012
Table 49 - BSkyB voice customers - 2006 - 2013
Table 50 - Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2004
Table 51 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2005 - 2014
Table 52 - Fixed-line broadband retail revenue - 2001 - 2014
Table 53 - Broadband connections by type - 2002 - 2013
Table 54 - Market share of fixed-line broadband subscribers by provider - 2005 - 2013
Table 55 - Broadband penetration by technology - 2004 - 2013
Table 56 - Cable and DSL broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2013
Table 57 - Dial-up internet subscribers - 2004 - 2013
Table 58 - Percentage internet access by dial-up and broadband - 2000 - 2013
Table 59 - PC, broadband and internet household penetration - 2003 - 2013
Table 60 - Household broadband penetration by access type - 2007 - 2013
Table 61 - Value of e-commerce sales - 2007 - 2013
Table 62 - Internet daily traffic - 2005 - 2013
Table 63 - Consumer broadband download speed by market share - 2008 - 2013
Table 64 - Average headline broadband speed and cost - 2006 - 2013
Table 65 - Average broadband speed - 2008 - 2013
Table 66 - Average broadband speed by platform - 2010 - 2013
Table 67 - Superfast broadband subscribers and market share - 2010 - 2013
Table 68 - Virgin Media subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2013
Table 69 - Virgin Media ARPU - 2007 - 2013
Table 70 - Virgin Media revenue - 2007 - 2013
Table 71 - xDSL subscribers - 2000 - 2014
Table 72 - BT retail and wholesale broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2013
Table 73 - BT retail and wholesale revenue - 2009 - 2013
Table 74 - FttC availability and projected speeds by distance - 2012
Table 75 - Household availability of BT FttC network - 2010 - 2014
Table 76 - Estimated cost of fibre by deployment technology
Table 77 - Mobile broadband subscribers - 2008 - 2014
Table 78 - Broadband take-up by technology - 2007 - 2013
Table 79 - Availability of digital services (UK) - 2009 - 2011; 2013
Table 80 - Adoption of services - 2010 - 2013
Table 81 - Broadcast HD homes by provider - 2006 - 2011
Table 82 - Proportion of bundled services by type - 2009 - 2012
Table 83 - Proportion of homes with bundled services by type - 2011 - 2012
Table 84 - Virgin Media proportion of bundled subscribers by type - 2007 - 2013
Table 85 - Virgin Media bundled services subscribers by type - 2007 - 2012
Table 86 - TV revenue - 2000 - 2013
Table 87 - Multichannel take-up in UK households - 2006 - 2011
Table 88 - Market share of TV homes by platform (primary sets) - 2005 - 2012
Table 89 - Online TV revenue by sector - 2004 - 2012
Table 90 - BT Vision subscribers - 2008 - 2013
Table 91 - Virgin Media subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2013
Table 92 - Virgin Media ARPU - 2007 - 2012
Table 93 - Virgin Media revenue - 2007 - 2013
Table 94 - Free-to-view satellite households - 2003 - 2012
Table 95 - BSkyB subscriber statistics - 2007 - 2013
Table 96 - BSkyB annualised ARPU - 2005 - 2012
Table 97 - BSkyB revenue, operating profit and EBITDA - 2007 - 2014
Exhibit 10 - Digital broadcasting switchover timetable - 2008 - 2012
Table 98 - Freeview enabled TVs - 2005 - 2012
Table 99 - Virgin Media VoD use - 2007 - 2011
Table 100 - Virgin Media HD V+ base - 2008 - 2011
Table 101 - VoIP users as percentage of total internet subscribers - 2005 - 2013
Table 102 - Call volumes, fixed-line and mobile in minutes - 2003 - 2014
Table 103 - Mobile retail revenue by service - 2002 - 2014
Table 104 - Mobile revenue as proportion of total - 2002 - 2013
Table 105 - Mobile subscriber market share by technology: 2G and 3G - 2004 - 2014
Table 106 - Mobile handset sales - 2005 - 2013
Table 107 - Historic - Mobile subscribers and SIM penetration rate - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2004
Table 108 - Mobile subscribers and SIM penetration rate - 2005 - 2014
Table 109 - Mobile broadband subscribers - 2008 - 2014
Table 110 - Percentages of mobile and fixed phones in homes - 2000 - 2014
Table 111 - Mobile ARPU by use (data, SMS, voice) - 2005 - 2014
Table 112 - Mobile ARPU by contract, prepaid - 2006 - 2013
Table 113 - Mobile market share by operator - 2004 - 2013
Table 114 - European roaming charges - 2007 - 2014
Table 115 - MTRs by operator (pence per minute) - 2010 - 2015
Table 116 - 3 UK subscribers by sector - 2008 - 2013
Table 117 - 3 UK financial data - 2008 - 2013
Table 118 - 3 UK annualised gross ARPU by sector - 2009 - 2013
Table 119 - O2 financial data -2007 - 2013
Table 120 - O2 quarterly ARPU - blended, contract, prepaid and data - 2006 - 2013
Table 121 - O2 proportion of data to total revenue - 2006 - 2013
Table 122 - O2 subscribers, prepaid and contract - 2005 - 2013
Table 123 - Vodafone ARPU - blended, contract and prepaid - 2005 - 2013
Table 124 - Vodafone (UK) subscribers and proportion prepaid - 2001 - 2013
Table 125 - Vodafone (UK) financial data - 2008 - 2014
Table 126 - Vodafone customer churn - 2007 - 2013
Table 127 - Vodafone Group revenue by sector - 2007 - 2014
Table 128 - Vodafone UK service revenue by sector - 2009 - 2014
Table 129 - Vodafone mobile customer retention cost - 2007 - 2014
Table 130 - Vodafone customer smartphone adoption - 2010 - 2013
Table 131 - EE quarterly revenue - 2009 - 2014
Table 132 - EE financial data - 2011 - 2013
Table 133 - EE ARPU - 2009 - 2014
Table 134 - EE subscriber data - 2009 - 2014
Table 135 - T-Mobile financial data (historic) - 2005 - 2010
Table 136 - T-Mobile subscribers (historic) - 2005 - 2010
Table 137 - Orange subscribers, contract and prepaid (historic) - 2006 - 2010
Table 138 - Orange subscribers by type, 3G, MVNO (historic) - 2007 - 2010
Table 139 - Orange revenue (historic) - 2005 - 2010
Table 140 - Orange customer churn (historic) - 2003 - 2009
Table 141 - Orange data revenue as proportion of total (historic) - 2007 - 2009
Table 142 - Orange annualised ARPU by category (historic) - 2006 - 2010
Table 143 - Orange mobile customer acquisition and retention cost (historic) - 2007 - 2009
Table 144 - MNO and MVNO share of subscribers - 2004 - 2011
Table 145 - Virgin Mobile subscribers - 2005 - 2013
Table 146 - Virgin Mobile revenue - 2007 - 2013
Table 147 - Prepaid and contract subscribers - 2002 - 2013
Table 148 - Contract proportion of total subscribers - 2002 - 2013
Table 149 - 3G subscribers and percentage of total subscribers - 2003 - 2014
Table 150 - 3 UK subscribers by sector - 2008 - 2013
Table 151 - 3 UK revenue by sector - 2008 - 2010
Table 152 - 3 UK financial data - 2008 - 2013
Table 153 - 3 UK annualised ARPU by sector - 2009 - 2013
Table 154 - O2 financial data -2007 - 2013
Table 155 - O2 subscribers, prepaid and contract - 2005 - 2013
Table 156 - Vodafone (UK) subscribers and proportion prepaid - 2001 - 2013
Table 157 - Vodafone (UK) financial data - 2008 - 2014
Table 158 - EE quarterly revenue - 2009 - 2014
Table 159 - EE ARPU - 2009 - 2014
Table 160 - EE subscriber data - 2009 - 2014
Table 161 - SMS messages sent - 2004 - 2014
Table 162 - SMS and MMS traffic - 2011 - 2014
Table 163 - SMS and MMS revenue - 2011 - 2014
Table 164 - SMS and MMS volumes by operator - 2006 - 2010
Table 165 - MMS messages sent - 2004 - 2013
Table 166 - Mobile data traffic and revenue increase- 2007 - 2013
Table 167 - Mobile data revenue by service - 2005 - 2013
Table 168 - Proportion of mobile broadband accesses by technology - 2007 - 2013
Table 169 - Smartphone sales and penetration - 2005 - 2013
Table 170 - M2M derived revenue - 2010 - 2013
Table 171 - Forecast broadband subscribers - higher market growth scenario - 2010 - 2012; 2020
Table 172 - Forecast broadband penetration - higher market growth scenario - 2007 - 2012; 2020
Table 173 - Forecast broadband subscribers - lower market growth scenario - 2010 - 2012; 2020
Table 174 - Forecast broadband penetration - lower market growth scenario - 2007 - 2012; 2020
Table 175 - Forecast mobile ARPU - 2007 - 2010; 2015; 2020
Table 176 - Mobile subscribers and SIM penetration rate - 2010 - 2016
Table 177 - Forecast UMTS subscribers - 2007 - 2012; 2015
Chart 1 - Communications retail revenue by sector - 2003 - 2012
Chart 2 - Retail voice and data revenue - 2003 - 2012
Chart 3 - Communications revenue by sector - 2003 - 2012
Chart 4 - Communications wholesale and retail revenue - 2005 - 2012
Chart 5 - Call volumes, fixed-line and mobile in minutes - 2003 - 2013
Chart 6 - Telecom connections: fixed, mobile, broadband - 2002 - 2013
Chart 7 - BT LLU, shared wholesale lines - 2004 - 2013
Chart 8 - BT financial data - 2006 - 2014
Chart 9 - BT revenue by operating division - 2007 - 2014
Chart 10 - Cable andamp; Wireless Europe financial data - 2009 - 2013
Chart 11 - Virgin Media revenue by sector - 2006 - 2013
Chart 12 - Virgin Media subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2013
Chart 13 - COLT financial data - 2006 - 2013
Chart 14 - Carphone Warehouse Europe revenue, profit - 2008 - 2013
Chart 15 - Broadband connections by type - 2002 - 2013
Chart 16 - Broadband penetration by technology - 2004 - 2013
Chart 17 - Cable and DSL broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2013
Chart 18 - Virgin Media subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2013
Chart 19 - BT retail and wholesale broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2013
Chart 20 - BT retail and wholesale revenue (year to Mar) - 2009 - 2013
Chart 21 - Virgin Media proportion of bundled subscribers by type - 2007 - 2013
Chart 22 - Virgin Media bundled services subscribers by type - 2007 - 2012
Chart 23 - Virgin Media subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2013
Chart 24 - BSkyB subscriber statistics - 2007 - 2013
Chart 25 - BSkyB revenue, operating profit and EBITDA - 2007 - 2014
Chart 26 - Call volumes, fixed-line and mobile in minutes - 2003 - 2014
Chart 27 - Mobile retail revenue by service - 2002 - 2014
Chart 28 - Mobile subscribers and SIM penetration rate - 2003 - 2014
Chart 29 - 3 UK subscribers by sector - 2008 - 2013
Chart 30 - 3 UK ARPU by sector - 2009 - 2013
Chart 31 - O2 financial data -2007 - 2013
Chart 32 - O2 annualised ARPU - blended, contract, prepaid and data - 2006 - 2013
Chart 33 - O2 subscribers, prepaid and contract - 2005 - 2013
Chart 34 - Vodafone ARPU - blended, contract and prepaid - 2005 - 2013
Chart 35 - Vodafone (UK) subscribers and proportion prepaid - 2001 - 2013
Chart 36 - Vodafone (UK) financial data - 2008 - 2014
Chart 37 - Vodafone Group revenue by sector - 2007 - 2014
Chart 38 - Vodafone UK service revenue by sector - 2009 - 2014
Chart 39 - EE quarterly revenue - 2009 - 2014
Chart 40 - EE ARPU - 2009 - 2014
Chart 41 - EE subscriber data - 2009 - 2014
Chart 42 - Prepaid and contract subscribers - 2002 - 2013
Chart 43 - 3G subscribers and penetration rate - 2003 - 2014
Chart 44 - 3 UK subscribers by sector - 2008 - 2013
Chart 45 - 3 UK ARPU by sector - 2009 - 2013
Chart 46 - O2 financial data -2007 - 2013
Chart 47 - O2 subscribers, prepaid and contract - 2005 - 2013
Chart 48 - Vodafone (UK) subscribers and proportion prepaid - 2001 - 2013
Chart 49 - Vodafone (UK) financial data - 2008 - 2014
Chart 50 - EE quarterly revenue - 2009 - 2014
Chart 51 - EE ARPU - 2009 - 2014
Chart 52 - EE subscriber data - 2009 - 2014
Chart 53 - SMS and MMS volumes by operator - 2006 - 2010
Chart 54 - Smartphone use and penetration - 2005 - 2013
Chart 55 - Forecast broadband subscribers - higher market growth scenario - 2007 - 2012; 2020
Chart 56 - Forecast broadband subscribers - lower market growth scenario - 2007 - 2012; 2020
Exhibit 1 - EU - The New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
Exhibit 2 - Principal submarine cables from the UK
Exhibit 3 - Wireless opportunities using technology and frequencies
Exhibit 4 - Spectrum auction results 10GHz - February 2008
Exhibit 5 - WLAN operator business models
Exhibit 6 - Overview of digital media
Exhibit 7 - Operators' service bundling offers - 2014
Exhibit 8 - Technology developments in bundled services - 2013
Exhibit 9 - Snapshot of digital TV services and providers
Exhibit 11 - Popular VoIP providers - 2013
Exhibit 12 - Spectrum awards - 800MHz and 2.6GHz - 2013
Exhibit 13 - Spectrum available for mobile services
Exhibit 14 - Spectrum awards - 800MHz and 2.6GHz - 2013
Exhibit 15 - 3G licence results - April 2000
Exhibit 16 - 3G licensee and infrastructure suppliers

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