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Global Steel Industry

  • September 2015
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  • Global Industry Analysts
  • -
  • 507 pages

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Steel in Thousand Metric Tons by the following End-Use Applications: Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal goods, Household Appliances, and Others. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific, Middle East, Latin America, and Africa. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2014 through 2020. Also, a seven-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 151 companies including many key and niche players such as -

Anshan Iron and Steel Group Corporation
ArcelorMittal S.A.
Baosteel Co., Ltd.
EVRAZ Group S.A.
Gerdau S.A.

Table Of Contents

Global Steel Industry


I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY and PRODUCT DEFINITIONS

Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1 Disclaimers.............. I-2 Data Interpretation and Reporting Level I-2 Quantitative Techniques and Analytics I-2 Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3 End-Use Sectors for Steel..............I-3

II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW.............. II-1 Steel - A Prelude.............. II-1 Globalization and Rationalization - An Evolving Phenomenon II-2 Outlook.............. II-3 Developing Countries on the Growth Path II-4 China - The Steel Giant, Witnesses a Decline II-4 Resurgence in Growth Fundamentals in Europe Portends an Optimistic Outlook.............. II-5 Industry Witnesses Surge in Exports from China and Russia II-6 Excess Capacity Continues to Upset the Industry Dynamics II-7 Table 1: Steel Nominal Overcapacity by Select Region (2014) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-9

Table 2: Capacity Utilization Rate (in %) for Steel Production Across Global, China and US Markets (2008-2015) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-9 Steel Prices Continue to Tumble..............II-9 Table 3: World Average Price of Composite Steel: March 2014 - May2015 (in US$/tonne) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-10

Table 4: World Average Price of Steel Products: June 2014 - May 2015 (in US$/tonne)..............II-11 Falling Raw Material Prices Impact Steel Prices II-11 Table 5: Average Price of Iron Ore: 2010-2015 (in US$/tonne) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-12

Table 6: Average Monthly Prices of Iron Ore: Jan 2015- Sep 2015 (in US$/tonne) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-12

Table 7: Average Monthly Price of Coking Coal: Jan 2015- June 2015 (in US$/tonne) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-13

2. MARKET ENVIRONMENT AND KEY GROWTH INDICATORS II-14 Global GDP Performance and Market Outlook II-14 Table 8: World Real GDP Growth by Region/ Country (2013-2016P) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-16 Industrial Growth - Inconsistent Across Regional Markets II-17 Table 9: Global Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) (2006-2015E) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18

Table 10: Global Manufacturing PMI: Breakdown of Monthly Index Points for the Period September 2014 to August 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-19

Table 11: Global Purchasing Managers Index (PMI): Quarterly MI Data by Country/region (2014- 2015 2Q) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-19 Rising Investments in Housing and Infrastructure Projects: Favorable Growth Prospects..............II-20 Table 12: Global Infrastructure Spending Estimates by Sector (2013-2030) (in US$ Trillion) II-21

Table 13: Global Infrastructure Spending Estimates by Region/Country (2010-2030) (in US$ Trillion) II-21 Population Growth and Urbanization Drive Demand for Construction Materials.............. II-21 Urbanization in Developing Countries to Drive Growth II-23 Table 14: Population, GDP Per-Capita, Urbanization, and Steel Use Per-Capita (2012 and 2020) for Select Regions (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-24 Rising Middle Class Population to Propel Sales II-24 Increase in Automotive Production to Boost Market Prospects for Steel.............. II-25 Table 15: Global Passenger Car Production (2012, 2015 and 2018) in Thousand Units (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-25

Table 16: Global Commercial Vehicle Production (2012, 2015 and 2018) in Thousand Units (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-26

Table 17: World Passenger Car Production by Geographic Region/Country (2010-2018) (in Million Units) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-26

Table 18: World Commercial Vehicles Production by Geographic Region/Country (2010-2018) (in Million Units) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-27 China to Remain the World's Largest Auto Market II-27 Table 19: Importance of the Chinese Passenger Cars Market to Domestic Economic Growth as Measured by the Value of Car Sales as a Percentage of GDP for the Years 2003, 2011 and 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-28

Table 20: Growing Chinese Appetite for SUVs: Percentage Market Share Comparison of Unit Sales of SUVs Vs Sedan, and MPV for the Years 2013 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)F.............. II-29 Price Volatility in Oil and Gas Sector Impacts Demand II-29 Table 21: Planned and Under-Construction Oil and Gas Pipeline (in Miles)Industrial Machinery (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-31

3. COMPETITION.............. II-32 A Review.............. II-32 Table 22: Top 10 Steel Producing Companies (2014) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-33

Table 23: Leading Steel Producing Companies (2014): Percentage Share Breakdown by Volume Production (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-34 Restructuring Operations Remain a Key Strategy II-35 Consolidation Slows Down..............II-35

4. INDUSTRY TRENDS and ISSUES..............II-37 Demand for Lighter Weight Vehicles Drives Growth in AHSS Segment II-37 Steel Vs Aluminum: The Material Wars Continue II-38 Demand for Stainless Steel Gains Momentum II-38 Demand for Special Long Steel on the Rise II-39 Table 24: World Specialty Long Steel Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Production by Category (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-40

Table 25: Global Long Steel Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown by Product (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-40 Steel Manufacturers Move Closer to Customers II-40 Rising Demand for Recycled Steel Pushes Demand for Steel Scrap II-41 Stainless Steel Continues to Reign Appliances Market II-41 Growing Chinese Stainless Steel Production Drives Down Prices II-42 Carbon Steel Market - A Review II-42 Companies Focus on Innovations and Product Differentiation II-42 Move towards EAF - An Ongoing Trend II-43 Table 26: Steel Production by Manufacturing Process in Select Countries (2014) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-44 Rising Investments in Scrap Metal Extraction Equipment II-45 Export Restrictions on Steel Scrap Tightens Raw Material Supply II-45 Unfair Trade Practices: The Agony Continues for Global Steel Industry.............. II-45 Steel Industry Persists with its Energy Conservation Drive II-46 Environmentally Friendly Approach Gains Focus II-46

5. STEEL INDUSTRY - KEY FACTS and FIGURES II-47 Global Steel Production..............II-47 Steel Production on a Downward Spiral II-47 Table 27: Global Crude Steel Market (2013, 2014, and 2015 1H): Breakdown of Volume Production (in Million Tonnes) by Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-48

Table 28: World Crude Steel Production (2005-2014) in Million Tons (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-49

Table 29: World Crude Steel Market (2014): Percentage Breakdown of Production by Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-49

Table 30: World Steel Exports Scenario (2014): Breakdown of Exports by Leading Exporting Countries (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-50

Table 31: World Steel Imports Scenario (2014): Breakdown of Imports by Leading Importing Countries (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-51

Table 32: Asia Production of Crude Steel (2005-2014) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-52

Table 33: World Finished Steel Market (2014): Percentage Breakdown of Production by Category (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-52

6. STEEL INDUSTRY - A RECENT PAST PERSPECTIVE II-53 Impact of Recession in Retrospect II-53 Table 34: Global Steel Market (2009-2011): Estimated Percentage Breakdown of Capacity Utilization of Steel Plants by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-54 Global Steel Market Once Again Tested in 2011 and 2012 II-54 Impact of Europe's Debt Crisis..............II-55 Economic Uncertainty Slows Down Growth in US Steel Market - A Past Perspective..............II-56

7. PRODUCT OVERVIEW.............. II-57 Steel Composition.............. II-57 Steel Properties.............. II-58 End-Use Sectors for Steel..............II-58 Steel Classification..............II-59 Table 35: Steel Demand by Steel Type (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-59 Carbon Steels.............. II-59 Table 36: Carbon Steels - Alloying Elements of Steel (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-59 Alloy Steels.............. II-59 Stainless Steels.............. II-60 Austenitic Grade..............II-60 Ferritic Grade.............. II-60 Martensitic Grade.............. II-60 Tool Steels.............. II-60 High-Speed Tool Steels..............II-61 Cold-Work Tool Steels..............II-61 Hot-Work Tool Steels..............II-61 Mold Steels.............. II-61 Shock-Resistant Tool Steels..............II-61 Water-Hardening Tool Steels..............II-61 Special-Purpose Tool Steels..............II-61 Other Steel Types..............II-61 Chromium Steel.............. II-61 Nickel Steel.............. II-62 High Speed Steel..............II-62 Cobalt Steel.............. II-62 Ferro-Tic Carbide.............. II-62 Carbide Tipped.............. II-62 Solid Carbide.............. II-62 Steel Manufacturing Process..............II-62 Steel Manufacturing: Processes Involved II-63 Steel Making.............. II-63 Basic Oxygen Furnace..............II-64 Classification of BOFs..............II-64 Bottom Blown.............. II-64 Top Blown.............. II-65 Combination Blown..............II-65 Electric Arc Furnace..............II-65 Refining and Casting..............II-66 Ladle Refining.............. II-66 Casting.............. II-67 Forming and Finishing..............II-67 Hot Rolled.............. II-68 Cold Forming - Modifies Properties of Some Steels II-68 Steel Products.............. II-68 Finished Products..............II-69 Table 37: Global Steel Demand (2014): Percentage Breakdown of Consumption by Product Shape (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-69

8. AN OVERVIEW OF MAJOR END-USE SEGMENTS II-70 Construction.............. II-70 Automotive.............. II-70 Shipbuilding.............. II-71 Table 38: Largest Shipbuilding Countries by Completions in Gross Tonnage (2014) (in Million GT) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-71 Machinery.............. II-71 Appliances.............. II-72 Metal Cans.............. II-72 Accessories.............. II-73 Finishes.............. II-73 Furniture.............. II-73

9. STAINLESS STEEL INDUSTRY - A SNAPSHOT II-74 Table 39: World Stainless Steel Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand by Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-74

Table 40: World Stainless Steel Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Share by End-Market (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-74

Table 41: Global Stainless Steel Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Production by Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-75

Table 42: Global Stainless Steel Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Production by Segment (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-75

Table 43: Global Stainless Steel Long Products Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Share by Product Group (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-75

Table 44: Global Stainless Steel Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown by Product (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-76

Table 45: Global Stainless Steel Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Demand by End-Use (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-76 End-Use Applications of Stainless Steel II-76

10. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY..............II-78 Union Partners Inks Agreement with Lee Steel II-78 Ampco-Pittsburgh Acquires Alloys Unlimited and Processing II-78 United States Steel Takes Over AK Steel II-78 Hyundai Steel Combines with Hyundai Hysco II-78 Competition Commission Conditionally Approves Hebei and Duferno Merger.............. II-78 SSAB Divests Remedy Assets..............II-78 Tata Steel Divests Equity Stake in LSSL to E B Creasy and Company Plc.............. II-78 Tata Steel Acquires Two Service Centres from SSAB II-79 Worthington Industries Takes Over Rome Strip II-79 Kingspan Inks Agreement with Ergon Capital Partners II NV and Bremhove NV to Acquire Steel Partners II-79 JFE Steel to Take Over Minority Stake in FHS II-79 POSCO Inks Agreement with Chongqing Iron and Steel Company II-79 New Page Capital Takes Over Engineered Steel Products II-79 Kingspan to Take Over Joris Ide..............II-79 Sutor Enters Non-Binding Letter of Intent with Lgsteel II-79 AK Steel to Introduce Next-Generation Advanced High Strength Steels.............. II-80 Tata Steel Unveils Structural Steel Tube Product II-80 Klesch Group Withdraws Plans to Acquire Tata Steel Unit II-80 ArcelorMittal Merges with ArcelorMittal Frýdek-Místek II-80 Tata Steel to Sell Long Products Division to Klesch II-80 Nucor Acquires Gallatin Steel..............II-80 AK Steel Takes Over Severstal..............II-80 JSW Steel to Acquire Welspun Maxsteel II-80 ASO Siderurgica Acquires Cromsteel Industries II-81 ArcelorMittal Acquires TK Steel USA II-81 JSW Steel to Acquire Odisha Steel Division of Bhushan Steel and Stake in Orissa Spong..............II-81 TimkeenSteel Renews Commercial Agreement with Daido Steel II-81 ArcelorMittal Introduces New Array of Steels II-81 ArcelorMittal Launches HF1050 Advanced High Strength Steel II-81 Tata Steel Launches Improved 4145H Modified Alloy Steel Grade II-81 Nucor to Buy Gallatin Steel..............II-81 MFC Industrial Acquires F.J. Elsner II-82 Klockner Acquires Majority Interest in Riedo Bau+Stahl II-82 ArcelorMittal Announces Plans to Acquire Ilva II-82 TPS Acquisition Takes Over Theis Precision Steel II-82 Vicwest to Take Over Exterior Metal Cladding Business and Steel Deck of Roll Form Group II-82 Northwest Pipe Takes Over Permalok II-82 Majestic Steel USA Takes Over Flatrolled Steel II-82

11. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS II-83 Anshan Iron and Steel Group Corporation (China) II-83 ArcelorMittal S.A. (Luxembourg)..............II-83 Baosteel Co., Ltd (China)..............II-84 EVRAZ Group S.A. (Russia)..............II-84 EVRAZ NTMK (Russia)..............II-85 Gerdau S.A. (Brazil)..............II-85 Hebei Iron and Steel Group Company Limited (China) II-86 JFE Steel Corporation (Japan)..............II-86 Jiangsu Shagang Group (China)..............II-86 Nippon Steel and Sumitomo Metal Corporation (Japan) II-87 Nucor Corporation (USA)..............II-87 POSCO (Korea).............. II-87 Riva Group (Italy)..............II-88 Siderúrgica Venezolana SIVENSA S.A (Venezuela) II-88 Tata Steel Group (India)..............II-88 Tata Steel Europe Ltd. (UK)..............II-89 Tenaris S.A. (Luxembourg)..............II-90 ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe (Germany) II-90 United States Steel Corporation (US) II-91

12. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE..............II-92 Table 46: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-92

Table 47: World Historic Review for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-93

Table 48: World 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-94

Steel Market by End-Use Segment II-95

Table 49: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel in Construction Sector by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-95

Table 50: World Historic Review for Finished Steel in Construction Sector by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-96

Table 51: World 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel in Construction Sector by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-97

Table 52: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel in Transportation Sector by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-98

Table 53: World Historic Review for Finished Steel in Transportation Sector by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-99

Table 54: World 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel in Transportation Sector by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-100

Table 55: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel in Machinery by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-101

Table 56: World Historic Review for Finished Steel in Machinery by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-102

Table 57: World 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel in Machinery by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-103

Table 58: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel in Metal Goods by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-104

Table 59: World Historic Review for Finished Steel in Metal Goods by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-105

Table 60: World 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel in Metal Goods by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-106

Table 61: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel in Household Appliances by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-107

Table 62: World Historic Review for Finished Steel in Household Appliances by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-108

Table 63: World 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel in Household Appliances by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-109

Table 64: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel in Other End-Use Sectors by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-110

Table 65: World Historic Review for Finished Steel in Other End-Use Sectors by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-111

Table 66: World 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel in Other End-Use Sectors by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan and China), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-112

III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES.............. III-1 A.Market Analysis.............. III-1 Outlook.............. III-1 Steel - Market Overview..............III-1 Brief Review of Construction Sector III-2 Table 67: Monthly Growth (in %) in Building Permit Feb 2014- May 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-4

Table 68: Number of Housing Starts (Aug 2014 to Aug 2015) (in Thousand units) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-4

Table 69: US Construction Spending by Type of Construction (2012 - 2014): Percentage Breakdown of Annual Spending for Non-Residential and Residential Construction (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-5

Table 70: Residential Construction in the US (2007-2015 1H): Number of Housing Starts by Type - Single-Family Units and Multi-Family Units (in ‘000) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-5

Table 71: US Public and Private Growth Forecasts (in %) for Spending on Non-Residential Construction by Segment (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-6 Recovery in US Automobile Sector and Regulations Supports Market Prospects.............. III-7 Table 72: US Vehicle Production (2007-2014) (in Million Units) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-8

Table 73: US Vehicle Sales (Oct 2014- Aug 2015) (in Million Units) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-8 Cutback in Shale Activity Impacts Steel Market III-9 Falling Oil Prices and Eand P Spending Impacts Demand III-10 Demand for Steel Scrap Drops Amid Competition from Imports III-10 Table 74: US Crude Steel Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Production by Type of Process - Electric Furnace and Oxygen Blown Converter (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-11 Flexibility: The Winning Formula III-11 Styled Steel Wheels and Steel Cords Make Inroads III-12 Import/Export Scenario..............III-12 Table 75: Import Penetration of Steel Mill Products in the US (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-13

Table 76: US Steel Mill Imports Market (2015H1): Percentage Breakdown of Volume by Exporting Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-13

Table 77: US Market of Finished Steel Mill Products (2014): Percentage Breakdown of Volume by Exporting Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-14

Table 78: US Steel Mill Imports Market (2015H1): Percentage Breakdown of Volume by Category (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-14 Leading Steel Companies File Antidumping and Countervailing Complaints Against Five Countries III-14 Recent Industry Activity..............III-15 Key Players.............. III-17 B.Market Analytics..............III-18 Table 79: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-18

Table 80: US Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-19

Table 81: US 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-20

2. CANADA.............. III-21 A.Market Analysis.............. III-21 Outlook.............. III-21 B.Market Analytics..............III-22 Table 82: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-22

Table 83: Canadian Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-23

Table 84: Canadian 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-24

3. JAPAN.............. III-25 A.Market Analysis.............. III-25 Outlook.............. III-25 Market Overview.............. III-25 Competition.............. III-26 Table 85: Japanese Steel Market (2014): Percentage Share Breakdown of Production by Company (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-26 Recent Industry Activity..............III-26 Key Players.............. III-26 B.Market Analytics..............III-28 Table 86: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-28

Table 87: Japanese Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-29

Table 88: Japanese 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-30

4. EUROPE.............. III-31 A.Market Analysis.............. III-31 Outlook.............. III-31 Steel Industry - An Integral Part of European Economy III-31 EU Commission - Focused on Reinvigorating Steel industry III-31 Optimistic Outlook for Steel III-33 Energy Efficient Policies to Enhance Competitiveness of European Companies..............III-33 Challenges Facing the Market III-34 Competition.............. III-34 Table 89: European Steel Market (2014): Percentage Share Breakdown of Production by Company (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-34 B.Market Analytics..............III-35 Table 90: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia, Turkey and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-35

Table 91: European Historic Review for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia, Turkey and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-36

Table 92: European 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia, Turkey and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-37

Table 93: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-38

Table 94: European Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-39

Table 95: European 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-40

4a. FRANCE.............. III-41 A.Market Analysis.............. III-41 Outlook.............. III-41 Recent Industry Activity..............III-41 B.Market Analytics..............III-42 Table 96: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-42

Table 97: French Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-43

Table 98: French 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-44

4b. GERMANY.............. III-45 A.Market Analysis.............. III-45 Outlook.............. III-45 Thyssenkrupp Steel Europe AG - A Leading Player III-45 B.Market Analytics..............III-46 Table 99: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-46

Table 100: German Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-47

Table 101: German 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-48

4c. ITALY.............. III-49 A.Market Analysis.............. III-49 Outlook.............. III-49 Recent Industry Activity..............III-49 Riva Group - A Leading Player..............III-49 B.Market Analytics..............III-50 Table 102: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-50

Table 103: Italian Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-51

Table 104: Italian 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-52

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM..............III-53 A.Market Analysis.............. III-53 Outlook.............. III-53 Cheap Imports Pose a Challenge to Steel Industry III-53 Table 105: UK Crude Steel Production (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Share by Segment (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-53

Table 106: UK Steel Products Market: Share of Imports as % of Consumption (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-54

Table 107: UK Steel Imports (2014): Percentage Breakdown of Import Volume of Steel Products by Country of Origin (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-54 Recent Industry Activity..............III-54 Tata Steel Europe Ltd. - A Leading Player III-55 B.Market Analytics..............III-56 Table 108: UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-56

Table 109: UK Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-57

Table 110: UK 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-58

4e. SPAIN.............. III-59 A.Market Analysis.............. III-59 Outlook.............. III-59 B.Market Analytics..............III-59 Table 111: Spanish Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-59

Table 112: Spanish Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-60

Table 113: Spanish 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-61

4f. RUSSIA.............. III-62 A.Market Analysis.............. III-62 Outlook.............. III-62 Steel Producers Make Profits, Despite Contraction in Economy III-62 Table 114: Russian Steel Industry (2010-2015 and): Exports as % of Production (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-62

Table 115: Russian Steel Industry (2014): Percentage Share Breakdown of Production by Company (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-63 Key Players.............. III-63 B.Market Analytics..............III-64 Table 116: Russian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-64

Table 117: Russian Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-65

Table 118: Russian 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-66

4g. TURKEY.............. III-67 A.Market Analysis.............. III-67 Outlook.............. III-67 Turkey - Emerging Steel Producer in Europe III-67 B.Market Analytics..............III-68 Table 119: Turkey Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-68

Table 120: Turkey Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-69

Table 121: Turkey 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-70

4h. REST OF EUROPE.............. III-71 A.Market Analysis.............. III-71 Outlook.............. III-71 Key Statistics:.............. III-71 Table 122: Swedish Crude Steel Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Production by Manufacturing Process - Electric Furnace and Oxygen Blown Converter (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-71 Ukraine - Emerging as a Leading Steel Producing Nation III-71 Significance of Steel Production to the Nation III-71 Table 123: Ukrainian Steel Market: Percentage Share Breakdown of Production by Process for the Years 2010 and 2018P (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-72 Recent Industry Activity..............III-72 Key Players.............. III-73 B.Market Analytics..............III-76 Table 124: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-76

Table 125: Rest of Europe Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-77

Table 126: Rest of Europe 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-78

5. CHINA.............. III-79 A.Market Analysis.............. III-79 Shift in Economic Focus Drags Down Consumption of Steel III-79 Table 127: Residential Construction Sales Growth (in %) in China: 2007-2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-80

Table 128: Steel Market in Asia (including China) (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Production by Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-80 Steel Mills Control Production III-81 Table 129: Steel Production in China (2007-2015 1H) (in Million Metric tons) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-82

Table 130: Chinese Crude Steel Market (2015): Percentage Share Breakdown of Production by Type (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-83

Table 131: Capacity Utilization for Steel Production in China (2008-2015) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-83

Table 132: Leading producers of Steel in China by Production Capacity in 2014 (in Million Tons) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-84 Manufacturers Focus on Export-Led Growth III-85 Automotive Industry Drives Demand for High-Strength Steel III-85 Growing Demand for Bridge Steel Structure Augurs Well for the Market.............. III-86 Focus Grows on High Grade Steel III-86 Industry Embraces Technological Innovation in Production III-86 Recent Industry Activity..............III-86 Key Players.............. III-87 B.Market Analytics..............III-89 Table 133: Chinese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-89

Table 134: Chinese Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-90

Table 135: Chinese 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-91

6. ASIA-PACIFIC.............. III-92 A.Market Analysis.............. III-92 Outlook.............. III-92 B.Market Analytics..............III-93 Table 136: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - India, South Korea, Taiwan, and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-93

Table 137: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - India, South Korea, Taiwan, and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-94

Table 138: Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for India, South Korea, Taiwan, and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-95

Table 139: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-96

Table 140: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-97

Table 141: Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-98

6a. INDIA.............. III-99 A.Market Analysis.............. III-99 Outlook.............. III-99 Industry Overview.............. III-99 Weak Prices Plague Growth Prospects III-100 India Sets to Become Second Leading Producer of Crude Steel III-100 Import/Export Scenario..............III-101 Competition.............. III-101 Table 142: Indian Steel Market (2015): Percentage Share Breakdown of Capacity by Company (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-102 Recent Industry Activity..............III-102 Key Player.............. III-103 B.Market Analytics..............III-105 Table 143: Indian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-105

Table 144: Indian Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-106

Table 145: Indian 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-107

6b. SOUTH KOREA.............. III-108 A.Market Analysis.............. III-108 Outlook.............. III-108 Market Overview.............. III-108 Table 146: Crude Steel Production in South Korea (2015): Percentage Share Breakdown of Output by Blast Furnaces and Electric Arc Furnaces (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-109 Free-trade Agreement between South Korea and Canada to Boost Demand for Steel.............. III-109 Recent Industry Activity..............III-109 Posco - A Key Player..............III-109 B.Market Analytics..............III-110 Table 147: South Korean Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-110

Table 148: South Korean Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-111

Table 149: South Korean 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-112

6c. TAIWAN.............. III-113 A.Market Analysis.............. III-113 Outlook.............. III-113 B.Market Analytics..............III-113 Table 150: Taiwanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-113

Table 151: Taiwanese Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-114

Table 152: Taiwanese 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-115

6d. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC..............III-116 A.Market Analysis.............. III-116 Outlook.............. III-116 Focus on Select Markets..............III-116 Australia.............. III-116 Malaysia.............. III-116 Indonesia.............. III-116 Recent Industry Activity..............III-117 B.Market Analytics..............III-118 Table 153: Rest of Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-118

Table 154: Rest of Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-119

Table 155: Rest of Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-120

7. THE MIDDLE EAST.............. III-121 A.Market Analysis.............. III-121 Outlook.............. III-121 Construction Boom Fuels Steel Demand III-121 Table 156: Construction Projects in GCC: Breakdown of Contractor Award Value in US$ Billion for Infrastructure and Building by Country (2014) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-122

Table 157: Major Construction Projects in GCC by Value (Jan 2015).............. III-122 Steel Production in GCC Gathers Pace III-123 Table 158: Key Steel Production Expansion Projects in the GCC Region.............. III-123 Saudi Arabia to Emerge As Major Crude Steel Producer III-124 United Arab Emirates..............III-124 B.Market Analytics..............III-125 Table 159: Middle East Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - Iran, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Syria, UAE, and Rest of Middle East Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-125

Table 160: Middle East Historic Review for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - Iran, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Syria, UAE, and Rest of Middle East Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-126

Table 161: Middle East 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Iran, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Syria, UAE, and Rest of Middle East Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-127

Table 162: Middle East Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-128

Table 163: Middle East Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-129

Table 164: Middle East 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-130

8. LATIN AMERICA.............. III-131 A.Market Analysis.............. III-131 Outlook.............. III-131 Market Overview.............. III-131 Table 165: Latin American Crude Steel Market (2014): Percentage Breakdown of Production by Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-132 Automotive Production in Latin America III-132 Brazil.............. III-132 Steel Market - A Brief Overview III-132 Table 166: Brazilian Steel Market (2015): Percentage Share Breakdown of Apparent Consumption by Type of Steel (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-133

Table 167: Brazilian Crude Steel Market (2014): Percentage Share Breakdown of Production by Leading Companies (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-133

Table 168: Leading Finished Long Steel Manufacturers in Brazil (2014) - Percentage Breakdown of Sales by Value (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-134 Mexico.............. III-134 Select Players.............. III-134 B.Market Analytics..............III-136 Table 169: Latin American Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, and Rest of Latin America Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-136

Table 170: Latin American Historic Review for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, and Rest of Latin America Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-137

Table 171: Latin American 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, and Rest of Latin America Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-138

Table 172: Latin American Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-139

Table 173: Latin American Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-140

Table 174: Latin American 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-141

9. AFRICA.............. III-142 A.Market Analysis.............. III-142 Outlook.............. III-142 B.Market Analytics..............III-143 Table 175: African Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa, and Rest of Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-143

Table 176: African Historic Review for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa, and Rest of Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-144

Table 177: African 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa, and Rest of Africa Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-145

Table 178: African Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-146

Table 179: African Historic Review for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-147

Table 180: African 14-Year Perspective for Finished Steel by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Construction, Transportation, Machinery, Metal Goods, Household Appliances and Others Markets for Years 2007, 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-148

IV. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

Total Companies Profiled: 151 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 187)

The United States (34) Canada (4) Japan (22) Europe (51) - France (3) - Germany (15) - The United Kingdom (3) - Italy (3) - Spain (7) - Rest of Europe (20) Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) (63) Latin America (9) Middle-East (2) Africa (2)

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