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  3. > 4D Printing Market by Material, End User & Geography - Global Trends & Forecasts to 2019 - 2025

4D printing is a technique that uses a 3D printer to create objects that change their shape when removed from the printer. Invented at MIT in 2013, the purpose is to make things self-assemble when exposed to air, water or heat due to the chemical interaction of the materials used in their manufacture. 4D printing consists of smart materials that adapt and reprogram their properties, functionality or shape on demand based upon external stimuli. Researchers are combining different types of plastics and fibers to create smart materials that self-assemble or change shape when they come into contact with stimuli such as heat, water or any other environmental change. The 4th dimension time refers to the self-transformation.

This report is based on an extensive research study of the 4D printing market and aims at identifying the entire market and all its sub-segments through extensively detailed classifications. The demand for the 4D printing is expected to grow moderately and gain importance among industry players across various domains over time. North America is projected to be the fastest growing markets with CAGR of 44.01% between 2019 and 2025, due to regional government and key players’ involvement in development of 4D printing technology. Europe and APAC are expected to account for ~35% and ~10%, respectively in 2019.

This report is focused on giving a bird’s eye-view of the industry with regards to the 4D printing market, with qualitative analysis at each and every aspect of the classification done on the basis of product, services, end user industry, type, and geography. The report provides a forecast of the growth of the 4D printing market from 2019 to 2025. A complete competitive landscape of the current market is analyzed from the market share analysis and rankings of current key players; all the other details of key players are discussed in their company profiles. The information provided in this report includes market share of leading companies in the 4D printing ecosystem, key developments, core strategies deployed by various players, mergers and acquisitions, new product developments, collaborations, and joint ventures of key manufacturers along with their company profiles.

The report also discusses the future of the global market with road-maps, upcoming technologies, markets, and applications with respect to 4D printing market. Key players in this industry include 3D Systems Corporation (U.S.), Autodesk Inc. (U.S.), ExOne Co. (U.S.), Hewlett-Packard Co. (U.S.), Organovo Holdings Inc. (U.S.), Stratasys Ltd. (Israel) and others.

Table Of Contents

4D Printing Market by Material, End User and Geography - Global Trends and Forecasts to 2019 - 2025
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION 12
1.1 OBJECTIVES OF STUDY 12
1.2 MARKET DEFINITION 12
1.3 STUDY SCOPE 13
1.3.1 MARKETS COVERED 13
1.3.2 YEARS CONSIDERED FOR THE STUDY 14
1.3.3 CURRENCY 14
1.4 LIMITATIONS 14
1.5 STAKEHOLDERS 14
2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 15
2.1 INTRODUCTION 15
2.2 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 17
2.3 MARKET SHARE ESTIMATION 18
2.3.1 KEY DATA POINTS TAKEN FROM SECONDARY SOURCES 18
2.3.2 KEY DATA POINTS FROM PRIMARY SOURCES 19
2.3.3 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 20
2.4 MARKET BREAKDOWN and DATA TRIANGULATION 21
2.5 ASSUMPTIONS 22
3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 23
4 PREMIUM INSIGHTS 27
4.1 GROWTH DRIVERS FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET 27
4.2 4D PRINTING MARKET - COMPARISON OF GROWTH PATTERN OF TOP 3 MATERIAL SEGMENTS 27
4.3 NORTH AMERICAN 4D PRINTING MARKET 28
4.4 GEOGRAPHICAL SNAPSHOT OF THE 4D PRINTING MARKET (2019) 29
4.5 DEFENSE and MILITARY AND AEROSPACE INDUSTRIES ARE LIKELY TO DOMINATE THE GLOBAL 4D PRINTING MARKET BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 30
4.6 PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER IS EXPECTED TO DOMINATE IN ALL THE INDUSTRIES FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 31
5 MARKET OVERVIEW 32
5.1 INTRODUCTION 33
5.2 MARKET SEGMENTATION 34
5.2.1 BY PROGRAMMABLE MATERIAL 34
5.2.2 BY END-USER INDUSTRY 34

5.3 MARKET DYNAMICS 35
5.3.1 DRIVERS 36
5.3.1.1 Need for reduction in manufacturing and process Cost 36
5.3.1.2 Drive for sustainable environment 36
5.3.1.3 Self-transformation ability to drive new application areas 36
5.3.2 RESTRAINTS 37
5.3.2.1 Entry opportunity is restricted to major companies due to high initial investments 37
5.3.2.2 Complexity in Intellectual Property Rights 37
5.3.2.3 High development cost of overall supply chain 38
5.3.3 OPPORTUNITIES 38
5.3.3.1 Early adoption in aerospace, military and defense, healthcare and automotive industries 38
5.3.3.2 Potential for innovation and product developments 39
5.3.4 CHALLENGES 40
5.3.4.1 Compliance with regulatory and performance standards 40
5.3.4.2 Insecurity for policy makers 40
5.3.4.3 Potential safety hazard 40
6 INDUSTRY TRENDS 41
6.1 INTRODUCTION 41
6.2 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS 41
6.2.1 EXPECTED VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS: 4D PRINTING MARKET 42
6.3 INDUSTRY TRENDS 43
6.4 EXPECTED PORTER'S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS FOR 2019 44
6.4.1 THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS 44
6.4.2 THREAT OF SUBSTITUTES 45
6.4.3 BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS 45
6.4.4 BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS 46
6.4.5 INTENSITY OF COMPETITIVE RIVALRY 46
7 GLOBAL 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY MATERIAL 48
7.1 INTRODUCTION 49
7.2 PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER 49
7.3 PROGRAMMABLE WOOD CUSTOM-PRINTED WOOD GRAIN 52
7.4 PROGRAMMABLE TEXTILE 54
8 GLOBAL 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USER INDUSTRY 56
8.1 INTRODUCTION 57
8.2 AEROSPACE INDUSTRY 59
8.3 AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY 61
8.4 CLOTHING 63
8.5 CONSTRUCTION 65
8.6 MILITARY AND DEFENSE 67
8.7 HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY 69
8.8 UTILITY 71
9 GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS 74
9.1 INTRODUCTION 75
9.2 NORTH AMERICA 78
9.3 EUROPE 81
9.4 ASIA-PACIFIC 82
9.5 ROW 84
10 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 87
10.1 OVERVIEW 87
10.2 RANKING ANALYSIS, 4D PRINTING MARKET IN 2019 87
10.3 SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS IN 4D PRINTING TECHNOLOGY 89
11 COMPANY PROFILES 92
11.1 INTRODUCTION 92
(Business Overview, Products and Services, Key Insights, Recent Developments, SWOT Analysis, MnM View)*
11.2 3D SYSTEMS CORPORATION 93
11.3 AUTODESK, INC. 97
11.4 HEWLETT-PACKARD COMPANY 100
11.5 STRATASYS LTD. 103
11.6 EXONE CO. 107
11.7 ORGANOVO HOLDINGS, INC. 110
11.8 ARC CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE FOR ELECTROMATERIALS SCIENCE (ACES) 113
11.9 MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 115
11.10 MATERIALISE NV 117
11.11 DASSAULT SYSTEMES SA 120
*Details on Business Overview, Products and Services, Key Insights, Recent Developments, SWOT Analysis, MnM View might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.
12 APPENDIX 123
12.2 DISCUSSION GUIDE 124
12.3 INTRODUCING RT: REAL TIME MARKET INTELLIGENCE 126
12.4 AVAILABLE CUSTOMIZATIONS 127
12.5 RELATED REPORTS 128


LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 1 DEMAND FOR REDUCTION IN MANUFACTURING and PROCESS COSTS AND DRIVE FOR SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT ARE EXPECTED TO PROPEL THE GROWTH 37
TABLE 2 HIGH CAPITAL INVESTMENT AND COMPLEXITY IN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS WOULD RESTRICT MAJOR 3D PRINTING TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS 38
TABLE 3 ADOPTION BY AEROSPACE, MILITARY, AND AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRIES IS GENERATING NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET 39
TABLE 4 ENSURING HUMAN SAFETY IS THE MAJOR CHALLENGE FOR THE 4D PRINTING MARKET 40
TABLE 5 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY MATERIAL, 2019-2025 ($MILLION) 49
TABLE 6 PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER IN 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USER INDUSTRY, 2019-2025 ($MILLION) 50
TABLE 7 PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER IN 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY REGION,
2019-2025 ($MILLION) 51
TABLE 8 PROGRAMMABLE WOOD CUSTOM-PRINTED WOOD GRAIN IN4D PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USER INDUSTRY, 2019-2025 ($MILLION) 52
TABLE 9 PROGRAMMABLE WOOD CUSTOM-PRINTED WOOD GRAIN IN 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2019-2025 ($MILLION) 53
TABLE 10 PROGRAMMABLE TEXTILE IN 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USER INDUSTRY, 2019-2025 ($MILLION) 54
TABLE 11 PROGRAMMABLE TEXTILE: 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY REGION,
2019-2025 ($MILLION) 55
TABLE 12 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USER INDUSTRY, 2019-2025 ($MILLION) 59
TABLE 13 AEROSPACE INDUSTRY FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY MATERIAL,
2019-2025 ($MILLION) 60
TABLE 14 AEROSPACE INDUSTRY FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY REGION,
2019-2025 ($MILLION) 61
TABLE 15 AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY REGION,
2021-2025 ($MILLION) 63
TABLE 16 CLOTHING INDUSTRY FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY MATERIAL,
2021-2025 ($MILLION) 64
TABLE 17 CLOTHING INDUSTRY FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY REGION,
2021-2025 ($MILLION) 65
TABLE 18 CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY MATERIAL,
2020-2025 ($MILLION) 66
TABLE 19 CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY REGION,
2020-2025 ($MILLION) 67
TABLE 20 MILITARY and DEFENSE FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY MATERIAL,
2019-2025 ($MILLION) 68
TABLE 21 MILITARY and DEFENSE FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY REGION,
2019-2025 ($MILLION) 69
TABLE 22 HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY MATERIAL,
2020-2025 ($MILLION) 70
TABLE 23 HEALTHCARE: 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2020-2025 ($MILLION) 71
TABLE 24 UTILITY INDUSTRY FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY MATERIAL,
2021-2025 ($MILLION) 72
TABLE 25 UTILITY INDUSTRY FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY REGION,
2021-2025 ($MILLION) 73
TABLE 26 GLOBAL 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2025 ($MILLION) 77
TABLE 27 NORTH AMERICAN 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USER INDUSTRY,
2019-2025 ($MILLION) 79
TABLE 28 NORTH AMERICAN 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2019-2025 ($MILLION) 80
TABLE 29 EUROPEAN 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USER INDUSTRY,
2019-2025 ($MILLION) 81
TABLE 30 EUROPEAN 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2019-2025 ($MILLION) 82
TABLE 31 ASIA-PACIFIC 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY ENDUSER INDUSTRY,
2019-2025 ($MILLION) 83
TABLE 32 ASIA-PACIFIC 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2019-2025 ($MILLION) 84
TABLE 33 ROW 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USER INDUSTRY, 2019-2025 ($MILLION) 85
TABLE 34 ROW 4D PRINTING MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2019-2025 ($MILLION) 86
TABLE 35 STRATASYS LTD AND 3D SYSTEMS CORPORATION ARE EXPECTED TO LEAD 4D PRINTING MARKET IN 2019 87
TABLE 36 SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS 89
TABLE 37 MERGERS AND ACQUISIT IONS 90


LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE 1 MARKETS COVERED 13
FIGURE 2 RESEARCH DESIGN 15
FIGURE 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 16
FIGURE 4 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY: BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 17
FIGURE 5 BREAKDOWN OF PRIMARY INTERVIEWS: BY COMPANY TYPE, DESIGNATION, and REGION 18
FIGURE 6 MARKET BREAKDOWN AND DATA TRIANGULATION 21
FIGURE 7 4D PRINTING MARKET SNAPSHOT, BY MATERIAL (2019 VS 2025): PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER IS EXPECTED TO DOMINATE THE OVERALL MARKET ($MILLION) 24
FIGURE 8 DEFENSE AND MILITARY INDUSTRY IS EXPECTED TO DOMINATE THE OVERALL 4D PRINTING MARKET 25
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL 4D PRINTING SERVICES MARKET, BY REGION, 2019 26
FIGURE 10 AEROSPACE AND DEFENSE and MILITARY INDUSTRIES ARE EXPECTED TO DRIVE THE 4D PRINTING MARKET 27
FIGURE 11 CARBON FIBER TO GROW AT A HIGHER RATE DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD 27
FIGURE 12 U.S. IS EXPECTED TO HOLD THE LARGEST SHARE IN THE NORTH AMERICAN 4D PRINTING MARKET IN 2021 28
FIGURE 13 4D PRINTING MARKET IN U.S., GERMANY, CHINA, JAPAN AND INDIA EXPECTED TO GROW AT THE HIGHEST CAGR BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 29
FIGURE 14 DEFENSE and MILITARY AND AEROSPACE INDUSTRIES ARE EXPECTED TO DOMINATE THE 4D PRINTING IN 2021 30
FIGURE 15 PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER HAS A PROMISING FUTURE 31
FIGURE 16 4D PRINTING : THE NEW DIMENSION TO 3D PRINTING 33
FIGURE 17 SEGMENTATION: BY PROGRAMMABLE MATERIAL 34
FIGURE 18 SEGMENTATION: BY END-USER INDUSTRY 34
FIGURE 19 DRIVE FOR REDUCTION IN MANUFACTURING AND PROCESS COSTS WOULD LEAD TO NEW GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES 35
FIGURE 20 PROTOTYPE : MORPHABLE CAR WING 39
FIGURE 21 EXPECTED VALUE CHAIN (2019): MAJOR VALUE IS ADDED DURING THE RandD AND DESIGN PHASES 42
FIGURE 22 GROING AWARENESS FOR PROGRAMMABLE AND REUSABLE 4D PRINTING MATERIAL 43
FIGURE 23 EXPECTED PORTER'S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS FOR 2019 44
FIGURE 24 PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER IS LIKELY TO HOLD THE LARGEST MARKET SHARE BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 49
FIGURE 25 CONSTRUCTION IS EXPECTED TO WITNESS THE HIGHEST GROWTH IN PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER MARKET FOR 4D PRINTING BETWEEN 2020 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 50
FIGURE 26 ASIA-PACIFIC DRIVES THE MARKET FOR PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER MARKET BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 51
FIGURE 27 AEROSPACE WOULD DRIVE THE PROGRAMMABLE WOOD- CUSTOM PRINTED WOOD GRAIN MARKET BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 52
FIGURE 28 ASIA-PACIFIC WOULD DRIVE THE MARKET FOR PROGRAMMABLE WOOD GRAIN BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 53
FIGURE 29 DEFENSE and MILITARY IS EXPECTED TO WITNESS HIGHEST GROWTH IN PROGRAMMABLE TEXTILE MARKET BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 54
FIGURE 30 ASIA-PACIFIC WOULD DRIVE THE MARKET FOR PROGRAMMABLE TEXTILE BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 55
FIGURE 31 4D PRINTING MARKET: BY END-USER INDUSTRY 57
FIGURE 32 4D PRINTING MARKET: YEAR OF ADOPTION BY END-USER INDUSTRIES 57
FIGURE 33 DEFENSE and MILITARY TO WITNESS HIGHEST GROWTH IN 4D PRINTING MARKET BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 58
FIGURE 34 PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER TO WITNESS HIGHEST GROWTH IN AEROSPACE INDUSTRY 4D PRINTING MARKET BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 60
FIGURE 35 ASIA-PACIFIC IS LIKELY TO WITNESS THE HIGHEST GROWTH IN AEROSPACE INDUSTRY BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 61
FIGURE 36 PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER IS EXPECTED TO DRIVE THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY BETWEEN 2021 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 62
FIGURE 37 AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY FOR 4D PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY MATERIAL,
2021-2025 ($MILLION) 62
FIGURE 38 ASIA-PACIFIC IS EXPECTED TO WITNESS HIGHEST GROWTH IN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY BETWEEN 2021 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 63
FIGURE 39 PROGRAMMABLE TEXTILE IS EXPECTED TO WITNESS HIGHEST GROWTH IN CLOTHING INDUSTRY BETWEEN 2021 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 64
FIGURE 40 ASIA-PACIFIC IS LIKELY TO WITNESS HIGHEST GROWTH IN CLOTHING INDUSTRY BETWEEN 2021 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 65
FIGURE 41 PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER TO WITNESS HIGHEST GROWTH IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY BETWEEN 2020 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 66
FIGURE 42 ASIA-PACIFIC IS EXPECTED TO HAVE THE HIGHEST GROWTH IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY BETWEEN 2020 AND 2025 ( $MILLION) 67
FIGURE 43 PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER WOULD DRIVE THE GROWTH IN MILITARY and DEFENSE INDUSTRY BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 68
FIGURE 44 ASIA-PACIFIC IS EXPECTED TO WITNESS HIGHEST GROWTH IN MILITARY and DEFENSE INDUSTRY BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 69
FIGURE 45 PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER WOULD DRIVE THE HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY BETWEEN 2020 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 70
FIGURE 46 ASIA-PACIFIC TO WITNESS HIGHEST GROWTH IN HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY 4D PRINTING MARKET BETWEEN 2020-2025 ( $MILLION) 71
FIGURE 47 PROGRAMMABLE CARBON FIBER TO WITNESS HIGHEST GROWTH IN UTILITY INDUSTRY BETWEEN 2021 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 72
FIGURE 48 ASIA-PACIFIC WOULD DRIVE THE UTILITY INDUSTRY BETWEEN
2021 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 73
FIGURE 49 BENEFITS OF 4D PRINTING 73
FIGURE 50 GEOGRAPHIC SNAPSHOT (2019-2025) - RAPIDLY GROWING MARKETS ARE EMERGING AS THE NEW HOT SPOTS 76
FIGURE 51 ASIA-PACIFIC- AN ATTRACTIVE DESTINATION FOR ALL END-USER INDUSTRIES FOR 4D PRINTING 76
FIGURE 52 ASIA-PACIFIC TO WITNESS HIGHEST GROWTH BETWEEN 2019 AND
2025 ($MILLION) 77
FIGURE 53 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET WITH RESPECT TO THE TOP MATERIALS AND END-USER INDUSTRIES 78
FIGURE 54 DEFENSE and MILITARY IS EXPECTED TO DRIVE THE NORTH AMERICAN MARKET BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 79
FIGURE 55 U.S. IS LIKELY TO HOLD THE MAJOR MARKET SHARE IN NORTH AMERICAN MARKET BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 80
FIGURE 56 DEFENSE and MILITARY IS EXPECTED TO GROW AT THE HIGHEST CAGR IN THE EUROPEAN MARKET BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 81
FIGURE 57 GERMANY IS EXPECTED TO HOLD THE HIGHEST SHARE IN THE EUROPEAN MARKET BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 82
FIGURE 58 DEFENSE and MILITARY TO GROW WITH HIGHEST RATE IN ASIA-PACIFIC 4D PRINTING MARKET BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 83
FIGURE 59 CHINA IS EXPECTED TO LEAD THE 4D PRINTING MARKET IN ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 84
FIGURE 60 CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IS EXPECTED TO GROW AT THE HIGHEST RATE IN ROW MARKET BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 ($MILLION) 85
FIGURE 61 MIDDLE EAST TO DRIVE GROWTH IN ROW REGION BETWEEN 2019 AND 2025 86
FIGURE 62 STRATASYS LTD AND 3D SYSTMES TOGETHER ACCOUNTED FOR 30% MARKET SHARE OF 3D PRINTING MARKET, IN 2014 89
FIGURE 63 GEOGRAPHIC REVENUE MIX OF TOP FIVE MARKET PLAYERS 92
FIGURE 64 3D SYSTEMS CORPORATION.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 93
FIGURE 65 3D SYSTEMS CORPORATION :SWOT ANALYSIS 96
FIGURE 66 AUTODESK INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 97
FIGURE 67 AUTODESK, INC.: SWOT ANALYSIS 99
FIGURE 68 HEWLETT-PACKARD COMPANY: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 100
FIGURE 69 HEWLETT-PACKARD COMPANY: SWOT ANALYSIS 102
FIGURE 70 STRATASYS LTD. : COMPANY SNAPSHOT 103
FIGURE 71 STRATASYS LTD. SWOT ANALYSIS 106
FIGURE 72 EXONE COMPANY. : COMPANY SNAPSHOT 107
FIGURE 73 ORGANOVO HOLDINGS, INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 110
FIGURE 74 MATERIALISE NV: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 117
FIGURE 75 DASSAULT SYSTEMES SA: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 120

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