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Industrial Water Technology Markets

  • February 2015
  • -
  • Global Water Intelligence
  • -
  • 281 pages

Discover how your business can benefit from the rapid growth of the industrial water sector and where you can pitch your technology in the market. Industrial water is the fastest growing sector of the global water market but with each industry facing substantial challenges in their business, including tighter water quality standards, new wastewater discharge regulations and issues surrounding scarce water resourcs, there are now major opportunities for water technology companies to provide cost-effective, innovative solutions designed to improve efficiency.

This report offers a unique guide to the landscape of water technologies involved in industrial water and wastewater treatment and they can meet the challenges and demands of end-users.

Table Of Contents

Industrial Water Technology Markets
Industrial Water Technology Markets 2015
Publication information ii
Executive summary iii
Global spending on water and wastewater treatment technologies for industry, 2015 iii
Global spending on water and wastewater treatment by technology, 2013-2020 iv
General drivers iv
Industries v
Global spending on water and wastewater treatment technologies by industry, 2013-2020 v
1. Introduction 1
1.1 Industrial water use 1
Figure 1.1 Water withdrawal and consumption by major industries, 2012 1
1.2 The market for industrial water and wastewater treatment 2
Figure 1.2 Icon key: industries 2
Figure 1.3 Global expenditure on water and wastewater treatment by industry, 2013-2020 3
Figure 1.4 Icon key: functions 3
Figure 1.5 Global expenditure on water and wastewater treatment by technology function, 2013-2020 4
Figure 1.6 Icon key: challenges 5
Figure 1.7 Icon key: applications 5
Figure 1.8 Water and wastewater treatment functions by industry and application 6
Figure 1.9 Global expenditure on water treatment technologies by application, 2013-2020 7
1.2.1 Forecast methodology 7
Figure 1.10 Global spending on water and wastewater treatment technologies in industry, 2015 8
Figure 1.11 Global spending on water and wastewater treatment in the industrial water market, 2015 9
Figure 1.12 Global market forecast data, 2013-2020 10
1.3 Characteristics of the industrial market 12
Figure 1.13 Selected investments in water treatment technologies, 2014 13
2. Upstream oil and gas 15
2.1 Top water treatment challenges 15
2.2 Water treatment needs 15
2.2.1 Shale gas/tight oil produced water treatment 16
2.2.1.1 Contaminants to be treated 16
Figure 2.1 Produced water treatment in the shale gas/tight oil industry 16
2.2.1.2 Drivers for new treatment technologies 17
2.2.2 Conventional onshore produced water management 17
2.2.2.1 Contaminants to be treated 17
Figure 2.2 Produced water treatment in the conventional oil and gas industry 17
2.2.2.2 Drivers for new treatment technologies 17
2.2.3 Offshore produced water management 18
2.2.3.1 Contaminants to be treated 18
Figure 2.3 Produced water treatment train for offshore oil and gas operations 18
2.2.3.2 Drivers for new treatment technologies 18
2.2.4 Reuse of produced water for steam (thermal) EOR 18
2.2.4.1 Contaminants to be treated 18
Figure 2.4 Treatment of produced water for reuse in SAGD operations 19
2.2.4.2 Gaps in technologies 19
2.2.4.3 Drivers for new treatment technologies 19
2.2.5 Coalbed methane produced water treatment 20
2.2.5.1 Contaminants to be treated 20
Figure 2.5 Treatment technologies for CBM produced water 20
2.2.5.2 Gaps in technologies 20
2.2.5.3 Drivers for new treatment technologies 21
2.2.6 Technologies for sulphate removal and low salinity water 21
2.2.6.1 Contaminants to be treated 21
Figure 2.6 Sulphate removal treatment trains 21
2.2.6.2 Drivers for new treatment technologies 22
2.3 What do end users want from the water sector? 22
2.4 Market dynamics 23
Figure 2.7 Key players in the upstream oil and gas market for water treatment 23
2.4.1 System integrators 23
2.4.2 Emerging solutions 26
Figure 2.8 Emerging technologies in the upstream oil and gas industry 26
2.5 Market forecast 28
Figure 2.9 Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment in upstream oil and gas, 2013-2020 28
Figure 2.10 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by technology, 2013-2020 29
Figure 2.11 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by region, 2013-2020 29
2.5.1 Market drivers and restraints 30
2.5.1.1 Drivers 30
2.5.1.2 Restraints 30
Figure 2.12 Water treatment market forces in the upstream oil and gas industry 31
Figure 2.13 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment in upstream oil and gas, 2015 32
Figure 2.14 Market forecast data, 2013-2020 33
3. Refining 34
3.1 Top water treatment challenges 34
3.2 Water treatment needs 34
3.2.1 Process water 34
Figure 3.1 Water quality requirements for refinery process water streams 35
Figure 3.2 Typical process water treatment train 35
3.2.1.1 Cooling tower make-up 36
3.2.1.2 Boiler feedwater 36
3.2.1.3 Water for hydrocarbon processing 36
3.2.1.4 Drivers for new treatment technologies 36
3.2.2 Wastewater 36
3.2.2.1 Contaminants to be treated 37
3.2.2.2 Main technologies 37
Figure 3.3 Typical treatment train for wastewater treatment 37
3.2.2.3 Drivers for new treatment technologies 38
3.3 Market dynamics 39
Figure 3.4 Key players in the refining market for water treatment 39
3.3.1 System integrators 40
3.3.2 Emerging solutions 42
Figure 3.5 Emerging solutions in refinery water treatment 43
3.4 Market forecast 44
Figure 3.6 Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment in refining, 2013-2020 44
Figure 3.7 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by technology, 2013-2020 45
Figure 3.8 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by region, 2013-2020 45
3.4.1 Market drivers and restraints 46
Figure 3.9 Water treatment market forces in the refining industry 46
Figure 3.10 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment in refining, 2015 47
Figure 3.11 Market forecast data, 2013-2020 48
4. Mining 49
4.1 Top water treatment challenges 49
4.2 Water treatment needs 49
4.2.1 Water at the mine face 49
4.2.1.1 Main treatment technologies 50
4.2.1.2 Drivers for new treatment technologies 50
4.2.2 Process water 50
Figure 4.1 Treatment train for process water 50
4.2.2.1 Drivers for new treatment technologies 51
4.2.3 Tailings water treatment 51
4.2.3.1 Contaminants to be treated 51
Figure 4.2 Typical treatment of waste streams in mining 52
4.2.3.2 Main technologies 52
Sulphates 52
Cyanide 53
Selenium 53
Mercury 54
Salts 54
4.2.3.3 Drivers for new treatment technologies 54
4.3 What do end users want from the water sector? 54
4.4 Market dynamics 55
Figure 4.3 Key players in the mining market for water treatment 55
4.4.1 System integrators 56
4.4.1.1 General water treatment suppliers 56
4.4.1.2 Desalination specialists 57
4.4.2 Emerging solutions 58
Figure 4.4 Electrochemical technologies 58
Figure 4.5 Electrochlorination 58
Figure 4.6 Nanofiltration for sulphate removal 58
Figure 4.7 Metal recovery 59
Figure 4.8 Eutectic freeze crystallisation 59
4.5 Market forecast 60
Figure 4.9 Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment in mining, 2013-2020 60
Figure 4.10 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by technology, 2013-2020 61
Figure 4.11 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by region, 2013-2020 61
4.5.1 Market drivers and restraints 62
4.5.1.1 Drivers 62
4.5.1.2 Restraints 62
Figure 4.12 Water treatment market forces in the mining industry 62
Figure 4.13 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment in mining, 2015 63
Figure 4.14 Market forecast data, 2013-2020 64
5. Power generation 65
5.1 Top water treatment challenges 65
5.2 Water treatment needs 65
5.2.1 Boiler feedwater 65
Figure 5.1 Treatment train for boiler feedwater 65
5.2.2 Cooling tower 65
Figure 5.2 Water treatment processes in a recirculating cooling system 66
5.2.3 FGD wastewater 67
Figure 5.3 Physical-chemical treatment train for FGD wastewater 67
5.3 Market dynamics 68
Figure 5.4 Key players in the power generation market for water treatment 68
5.3.1 System integrators 68
5.3.2 Emerging solutions in power water treatment 71
Figure 5.5 Emerging technologies in power water treatment 71
5.4 Market forecast 72
Figure 5.6 Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment in power generation, 2013-2020 72
Figure 5.7 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by technology, 2013-2020 73
Figure 5.8 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by region, 2013-2020 73
5.4.1 Market drivers and restraints 74
5.4.1.1 Drivers 74
5.4.1.2 Restraints 74
Figure 5.9 Water treatment market forces in the power generation industry 74
Figure 5.10 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment in power, 2015 75
Figure 5.11 Market forecast data, 2013-2020 76
6. Food and beverage 77
6.1 Top water treatment challenges 77
6.2 Water treatment needs 77
6.2.1 Process water 77
Figure 6.1 Process water production in the food and beverage industry 77
6.2.1.1 Contaminants to be treated 78
6.2.1.2 Main technologies 78
6.2.1.3 Gaps in technologies 78
6.2.1.4 Drivers for new treatment technologies 78
6.2.2 Wastewater treatment 79
Figure 6.2 Wastewater treatment process in the food and beverage industry 79
6.2.2.1 Contaminants to be treated 79
6.2.2.2 Main technologies 80
6.2.2.3 Gaps in technologies 80
6.2.2.4 Drivers for new technologies 81
6.3 Market dynamics 81
Figure 6.3 Key players in the food and beverage market for water treatment 81
6.3.1 System integrators 82
6.3.1.1 Water treatment specialists 82
6.3.1.2 General engineering companies for food and beverage production 83
6.3.2 Emerging solutions 84
Figure 6.4 Emerging technologies in the food and beverage industry 84
6.4 Market forecast 86
Figure 6.5 Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment in food and beverage, 2013-2020 86
Figure 6.6 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by technology, 2013-2020 87
Figure 6.7 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by region, 2013-2020 87
6.4.1 Market drivers and restraints 88
6.4.1.1 Drivers 88
6.4.1.2 Restraints 88
Figure 6.8 Water treatment market forces in the food and beverage industry 89
Figure 6.9 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment in food and beverage, 2015 90
Figure 6.10 Market forecast data, 2013-2020 91
7. Pulp and paper 92
7.1 Top water treatment challenges 92
7.2 Water treatment needs 92
7.2.1 Process water 92
Figure 7.1 Process water production in the pulp and paper industry 92
7.2.1.1 Contaminants to be treated 93
Figure 7.2 Paper production process 93
7.2.1.2 Main technologies 93
7.2.1.3 Gaps in technologies 94
7.2.1.4 Drivers for new treatment technologies 94
7.2.2 Wastewater treatment 94
Figure 7.3 Wastewater treatment process in the pulp and paper industry 94
7.2.2.1 Contaminants to be treated 94
7.2.2.2 Main technologies 95
7.2.2.3 Gaps in technologies 95
7.2.2.4 Drivers for new treatment technologies 95
7.3 Market dynamics 96
Figure 7.4 Key players in the pulp and paper market for water treatment 96
7.3.1 System integrators 96
7.3.1.1 Water treatment specialists 96
7.3.1.2 General engineering companies for pulp and paper production 97
7.3.2 Emerging solutions 98
Figure 7.5 Main emerging technologies in the pulp and paper industry 98
7.4 Market forecast 99
Figure 7.6 Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment in pulp and paper, 2013-2020 99
Figure 7.7 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by technology, 2013-2020 100
Figure 7.8 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by region, 2013-2020 100
7.4.1 Market drivers and restraints 101
7.4.1.1 Drivers 101
7.4.1.2 Restraints 101
Figure 7.9 Water treatment market forces in the pulp and paper industry 102
Figure 7.10 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment in pulp and paper, 2015 103
Figure 7.11 Market forecast data, 2013-2020 104
8. Microelectronics 105
8.1 Top water treatment challenges 105
8.2 Water treatment needs 105
8.2.1 Contaminants to be treated 105
Figure 8.1 Major contaminants of concern for UPW production 106
8.2.2 Main technologies 106
Figure 8.2 Process water treatment 106
8.2.3 Gaps in technologies 107
8.2.4 Drivers for new treatment technologies 107
8.3 Wastewater treatment 108
8.3.1 Wastewater contaminants 108
Figure 8.3 Wastewater streams generated in the semiconductor industry 108
8.3.2 Main technologies 108
Figure 8.4 Typical microelectronics wastewater treatment and management options 108
8.3.3 Drivers for new treatment technologies 108
8.4 Market dynamics 109
Figure 8.5 Key players in the microelectronics market for water treatment 109
8.4.1 System integrators 110
8.4.2 Emerging solutions 111
Figure 8.6 Emerging solutions in microelectronics water treatment 111
8.5 Market forecast 112
Figure 8.7 Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment in microelectronics, 2013-2020 112
Figure 8.8 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by technology, 2013-2020 113
Figure 8.9 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by region, 2013-2020 113
8.5.1 Market drivers and restraints 114
8.5.1.1 Drivers 114
8.5.1.2 Restraints 114
Figure 8.10 Water treatment market forces in the microelectronics industry 115
Figure 8.11 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment in microelectronics, 2015 116
Figure 8.12 Market forecast data, 2013-2020 117
9. Pharmaceuticals 118
9.1 Top water treatment challenges 118
9.2 Water treatment needs 118
9.2.1 High-purity water 119
Figure 9.1 Typical water treatment process in the pharmaceuticals industry 119
9.2.1.1 Contaminants to be treated 119
Figure 9.2 Purified water quality standards from USP, Ph. Eur. and JP 120
Figure 9.3 WFI quality standards from USP, Ph. Eur. and JP 120
9.2.1.2 Main technologies 120
Potable water quality 120
Purified water (PW)/Water for injection (WFI) 121
Water purification systems 121
9.2.1.3 Drivers for new technologies 121
9.2.2 Wastewater treatment 122
9.2.2.1 Contaminants to be treated 122
9.2.2.2 Main technologies 122
9.2.2.3 Other wastewater technologies 122
Figure 9.4 Wastewater treatment technologies 122
9.2.2.4 Drivers for new technologies 123
9.3 Market dynamics 123
Figure 9.5 Key players in the pharmaceuticals market for water treatment 123
9.3.1 System integrators 124
9.3.2 Emerging solutions 126
Figure 9.6 Emerging solutions in pharmaceutical water treatment 126
9.4 Market forecast 127
Figure 9.7 Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment in pharmaceuticals, 2013-2020 127
Figure 9.8 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by technology, 2013-2020 128
Figure 9.9 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment by region, 2013-2020 128
9.4.1 Market drivers and restraints 129
9.4.1.1 Drivers 129
9.4.1.2 Restraints 129
Figure 9.10 Water treatment market forces in the pharmaceuticals industry 130
Figure 9.11 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment in pharmaceuticals, 2015 131
Figure 9.12 Market forecast data, 2013-2020 132
10. Oil/water separation 133
10.1 Overview 133
Figure 10.1 Maturity of technologies versus applicability to the oil and gas industry 133
10.2 Core technologies 133
10.2.1 Gravity separators 133
10.2.1.1 API gravity separators 134
10.2.1.2 Gun barrel 134
10.2.1.3 Free-water knockout (FWKO) 134
10.2.1.4 Heater treater 134
10.2.1.5 Corrugated plate interceptor (CPI) 134
10.2.2 Hydrocyclones 134
10.2.3 Gas flotation 134
10.2.3.1 Induced air flotation (IAF) 134
10.2.3.2 Dissolved air flotation (DAF) 134
10.2.3.3 Degassers 135
10.2.3.4 Compact flotation unit (CFU) 135
10.2.4 Nutshell filters 135
10.3 Emerging technologies 135
Figure 10.2 Macro Porous Polymer Extraction (MPPE) 135
Figure 10.3 CTour 136
Figure 10.4 MyCelx Oil-Free Water Technology 136
Figure 10.5 Electrocoagulation 137
Figure 10.6 Vorti-SEP 138
10.4 Market forecast 139
Figure 10.7 Total spending on oil/water separation technologies by type, 2013-2020 139
Figure 10.8 Total spending on oil/water separation technologies by industry, 2013-2020 140
Figure 10.9 Total spending on oil/water separation technologies by region, 2013-2020 140
10.4.1 Market drivers and restraints 141
10.4.1.1 Drivers 141
10.4.1.2 Restraints 141
Figure 10.10 Market forces for oil/water separation in industrial markets 141
Figure 10.11 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment in oil/water separation, 2015 142
Figure 10.12 Market forecast data, 2013-2020 143
11. Suspended solids removal 144
11.1 Overview 144
Figure 11.1 Maturity of technologies versus application (in terms of use by different industries) 144
11.2 Core technologies 145
11.2.1 Clarifier/Settling tanks 145
11.2.2 Dissolved air flotation (DAF)/Induced air flotation (IAF) 145
11.2.3 Non-membrane filtration 145
11.2.3.1 Granular media filters 145
11.2.3.2 Cloth media/Disc filters 145
11.2.3.3 Cartridge filters 145
11.2.3.4 Automatic self-cleaning filters 145
11.2.4 MF/UF polymeric membranes 145
11.2.5 Electrocoagulation 146
11.3 Emerging technologies 146
11.3.1 Low pressure membranes 146
11.3.2 Ceramic membranes 146
Figure 11.2 Ceramic membranes 146
Figure 11.3 PolyCera membrane 147
11.3.3 Other emerging technologies 148
Figure 11.4 Tequatic Plus fine particle filter 148
Figure 11.5 Spiral Water Automatic Filter 148
Figure 11.6 akvoFloat 149
11.4 Market forecast 150
Figure 11.7 Total spending on suspended solids removal technologies by type, 2013-2020 150
Figure 11.8 Total spending on suspended solids removal technologies by industry, 2013-2020 151
Figure 11.9 Total spending on suspended solids removal technologies by region, 2013-2020 151
11.4.1 Market drivers and restraints 152
11.4.1.1 Drivers 152
11.4.1.2 Restraints 152
Figure 11.10 Market forces for suspended solids removal in industrial markets 152
Figure 11.11 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment in suspended solids removal, 2015 153
Figure 11.12 Market forecast data, 2013-2020 154
12. Dissolved solids removal 155
12.1 Overview 155
Figure 12.1 Maturity of technologies versus application 155
Figure 12.2 Volume reduction technologies 156
Figure 12.3 Energy consumption, feedwater and maximum product water salinity 156
12.2 Core technologies 157
12.2.1 Reverse osmosis (RO) 157
12.2.2 Multi-stage flash (MSF) evaporation 157
12.2.3 Multi-effect distillation (MED) 157
12.2.4 Vapour compression (VC) distillation 157
Figure 12.4 Vapour compression distillation process 157
12.2.5 Ion exchange (IX) 158
12.2.6 Continuous deionisation (CDI) 158
12.2.7 Electrodialysis (ED)/Electrodialysis reversal (EDR) 158
12.2.8 Electrodeionisation (EDI) 158
12.2.9 Thermal brine concentrator 159
Figure 12.5 A falling film brine concentrator with vapour compression 159
Figure 12.6 Example zero liquid discharge process 159
Figure 12.7 Installed volume reduction systems by supplier (since 2000) 160
Figure 12.8 Installed volume reduction systems by industry (since 2000) 160
12.2.10 Thermal crystalliser 160
12.3 Emerging technologies 161
12.3.1 Forward osmosis (FO) 161
Figure 12.9 Membrane Brine Concentrator (MBC) 161
Figure 12.10 HiCor 162
Figure 12.11 Porifera forward osmosis (PFO) 162
Figure 12.12 Trevi forward osmosis 163
12.3.2 Humidification-dehumidification 163
Figure 12.13 SaltMaker 163
Figure 12.14 Carrier gas expansion (CGE) HDH 164
Figure 12.15 AltelaRain 164
12.3.3 Advances in reverse osmosis 165
Figure 12.16 ElectroChem-RO 165
Figure 12.17 High-recovery reverse osmosis 165
Figure 12.18 ReFlex Closed-Circuit Desalination (CCD) 166
Figure 12.19 Brine Squeezer 166
12.3.4 Freeze desalination 167
Figure 12.20 CryoDesalination 167
Figure 12.21 HybridICE 167
Figure 12.22 Freeze-Thaw/Evaporation (FTE) 168
Figure 12.23 Eutectic Freeze Crystallisation 168
12.3.5 Membrane distillation (MD) 169
Figure 12.24 memDist, Vacuum Multi-effect Membrane Distillation (V-MEMD) 169
Figure 12.25 Memstill 170
Figure 12.26 XZERO-MD 170
12.3.6 Capacitive Deionisation (CapDI)/Membrane Capacitive Deionisation (MCDI) 171
Figure 12.27 Membrane Capacitive Deionisation (MCDI) 171
12.3.7 Other emerging technologies 172
Figure 12.28 Advanced Water Recovery Process 172
Figure 12.29 Dynamic Vapour Recovery (DyVaR) 172
Figure 12.30 Hittite low-temperature evaporator 173
Figure 12.31 Fluidised bed evaporator 173
Figure 12.32 Fractional Electrodeionisation (FEDI) 174
Figure 12.33 Radial Deionisation (RDI) 174
Figure 12.34 Metal recovery 175
12.4 Market forecast 176
Figure 12.35 Total spending on dissolved solids removal technologies by type, 2013-2020 176
Figure 12.36 Total spending on dissolved solids removal technologies by industry, 2013-2020 177
Figure 12.37 Total spending on dissolved solids removal technologies by region, 2013-2020 177
12.4.1 Market drivers and restraints 178
12.4.1.1 Drivers 178
12.4.1.2 Restraints 178
Figure 12.38 Market drivers and restraints 178
Figure 12.39 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment in dissolved solids removal, 2015 179
Figure 12.40 Market forecast data, 2013-2020 180
13. Biological treatment 181
13.1 Overview 181
Figure 13.1 Maturity of technologies versus application (in terms of use by different industries) 182
13.2 Core technologies 182
13.2.1 Anaerobic treatment technologies 182
13.2.1.1 Contact reactor 182
13.2.1.2 Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB)/expanded granular sludge blanket (EGSB) 183
Figure 13.2 Comparison between UASB, EGSB and ECSB processes 183
13.2.1.3 Fluidised bed reactor (FBR) 184
13.2.2 Aerobic/anoxic treatment technologies 184
13.2.2.1 Activated sludge/sequencing batch reactor (SBR) 184
13.2.2.2 Membrane bioreactor (MBR) 184
13.2.2.3 Moving bed bioreactor (MBBR)/integrated fixed-film activated sludge (IFAS) 184
13.2.2.4 Trickling filter 184
13.2.2.5 Biofilter 185
13.2.2.6 Rotating biocontactor (RBC) 185
13.3 Emerging technologies 185
Figure 13.3 External circulation sludge bed 185
Figure 13.4 Anaerobic ammonium oxidation 186
Figure 13.5 Anaerobic membrane bioreactor 186
Figure 13.6 Anaerobic moving bed bioreactor 187
Figure 13.7 Granular aerobic sludge 188
Figure 13.8 Nutrient recovery 188
Figure 13.9 XCeed immobilised cell bioreactor 189
Figure 13.10 EcoRight Membrane Bioreactor system 190
13.4 Market forecast 191
Figure 13.11 Total spending on biological treatment technologies by type, 2013-2020 191
Figure 13.12 Total spending on biological treatment technologies by industry, 2013-2020 192
Figure 13.13 Total spending on biological treatment technologies by region, 2013-2020 192
13.4.1 Market drivers and restraints 193
13.4.1.1 Drivers 193
13.4.1.2 Restraints 193
Figure 13.14 Market forces for biological treatment in industrial markets 193
Figure 13.15 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment in biological treatment, 2015 194
Figure 13.16 Market forecast data, 2013-2020 195
14. Disinfection/oxidation 196
14.1 Overview 196
Figure 14.1 Maturity of technologies versus application (in terms of use by different industries) 196
14.2 Core technologies 197
14.2.1 Disinfection with chlorine-based compounds 197
14.2.2 Disinfection with ultraviolet light 197
14.2.3 Disinfection by ozonation 198
14.2.4 Advanced oxidation processes 199
14.3 Emerging technologies 200
Figure 14.2 Electrochlorination 200
Figure 14.3 UV to treat sulphate reducing bacteria 200
Figure 14.4 Ozone combined with biological treatment 201
Figure 14.5 Catalytic oxidation with UV and titanium dioxide 202
Figure 14.6 Super critical water oxidation 203
14.4 Market forecast 204
Figure 14.7 Total spending on disinfection/oxidation technologies by type, 2013-2020 204
Figure 14.8 Total spending on disinfection/oxidation technologies by industry, 2013-2020 205
Figure 14.9 Total spending on disinfection/oxidation technologies by region, 2013-2020 205
14.4.1 Market drivers and restraints 206
14.4.1.1 Drivers 206
14.4.1.2 Restraints 206
Figure 14.10 Market forces for disinfection/oxidation in industrial markets 206
Figure 14.11 Total spending on water and wastewater treatment in disinfection/oxidation, 2015 207
Figure 14.12 Market forecast data, 2013-2020 208
15. Company profiles 209
15.1 Aquatech 209
15.1.1 Market position and strategy 209
15.1.2 Key proprietary products and systems 209
Figure 15.1 Process water treatment 209
Figure 15.2 Ultrapure water production 210
Figure 15.3 Wastewater treatment 210
Figure 15.4 Key capabilities by function and industry 211
15.2 Cameron 212
15.2.1 Market position and strategy 212
15.2.2 Key proprietary products and systems 212
Figure 15.5 Process water treatment 212
Figure 15.6 Wastewater treatment 212
Figure 15.7 Key capabilities by function and industry 213
15.3 Degremont Industry 214
15.3.1 Market position and strategy 214
15.3.2 Key proprietary products and systems 214
Figure 15.8 Process water treatment 215
Figure 15.9 Ultrapure water production 215
Figure 15.10 Wastewater treatment 215
Figure 15.11 Key capabilities by function and industry 217
15.4 Dow Water and Process Solutions 218
15.4.1 Market position and strategy 218
15.4.2 Key proprietary products and systems 218
Figure 15.12 Process water treatment 218
Figure 15.13 Ultrapure water production 219
Figure 15.14 Wastewater treatment 219
Figure 15.15 Key capabilities by function and industry 220
15.5 Evoqua Water Technologies 221
15.5.1 Market position and strategy 221
15.5.2 Key proprietary products and systems 221
Figure 15.16 Process water treatment 221
Figure 15.17 Ultrapure water treatment 222
Figure 15.18 Wastewater treatment 222
Industrial Water Technology Markets 2015
Figure 15.19 Key capabilities by function and industry 222
15.6 GE Water and Process Technologies 223
15.6.1 Market position and strategy 223
15.6.2 Key proprietary products and systems 224
Figure 15.20 Process water treatment 224
Figure 15.21 Ultrapure water production 224
Figure 15.22 Wastewater treatment 225
Figure 15.23 Key capabilities by function and industry 225
15.7 IDE Technologies 226
15.7.1 Market position and strategy 226
15.7.2 Key proprietary products and systems 226
Figure 15.24 Process water/wastewater treatment 226
Figure 15.25 Key capabilities by function and industry 227
15.8 Kurita 228
15.8.1 Market position and strategy 228
15.8.2 Proprietary products and systems 228
Figure 15.26 Key capabilities by function and industry 228
15.9 Organo 229
15.9.1 Market position and strategy 229
15.9.2 Key proprietary products and systems 229
Figure 15.27 Process water treatment 229
Figure 15.28 Ultrapure water production 229
Figure 15.29 Wastewater treatment 230
Figure 15.30 Key capabilities by function and industry 230
15.10 Ovivo 231
15.10.1 Market position and strategy 231
15.10.2 Key proprietary products and systems 231
Figure 15.31 Process water treatment 231
15.10.2.1 Ultrapure water production 232
Figure 15.32 Wastewater treatment 232
Figure 15.33 Key capabilities by function and industry 233
15.11 Paques 234
15.11.1 Market position and strategy 234
15.11.2 Key proprietary products and systems 234
Figure 15.34 Wastewater treatment 234
Figure 15.35 Key capabilities by function and industry 235
15.12 Siemens Water Solutions 236
15.12.1 Market position and strategy 236
15.12.2 Key proprietary products and systems 236
Figure 15.36 Wastewater treatment 236
Figure 15.37 Key capabilities by function and industry 237
15.13 Veolia Water Technologies 238
15.13.1 Market position and strategy 238
15.13.2 Key proprietary products and systems 239
Figure 15.38 Process water treatment 239
Figure 15.39 Ultrapure water production 239
Figure 15.40 Wastewater treatment 239
Figure 15.41 Key capabilities by function and industry 241
16. Directory 242
Figure 16.1 Icon key: directory 242
16.1 Oil/water separation 242
16.1.1 Gravity separation 242
16.1.2 Hydrocyclone 243
16.1.3 Flotation 243
16.1.4 Nutshell filter 244
16.1.5 Fine separation/Adsorbents 244
16.1.6 Other 245
16.2 Suspended solids removal 246
16.2.1 Flotation 246
16.2.2 Electrocoagulation 247
16.2.3 Filtration 248
16.2.3.1 Cartridge Filter 252
16.2.4 Membrane filtration 253
16.2.4.1 Polymeric UF/MF membranes 253
16.2.4.2 Ceramic MF/UF membranes 257
16.2.4.3 Other membranes/membrane systems 258
16.3 Dissolved solids removal 259
16.3.1 RO/NF Membranes 259
16.3.2 Ion exchange (IX) 261
16.3.3 Elecrodialysis (ED/EDR) 262
16.3.4 Electrodeionisation (EDI) 263
16.3.5 Thermal Separation/Distillation (MED, MSF and MVC) 263
16.3.6 Brine Concentration/Crystallisers 264
16.3.7 Other desalination 265
16.3.8 Chemical precipitation for heavy metals 266
16.3.9 Forward osmosis (FO) 266
16.4 Biological treatment 267
16.4.1 Sequencing batch reactor (SBR) 267
16.4.2 Biofiltration 268
16.4.3 Bio-disc/Submerged fixed bed 268
16.4.4 Trickling filter 269
16.4.5 Moving bed bioreactor/Integrated fixed-film activated sludge (MBBR/IFAS) 269
16.4.6 Membrane bioreactor (MBR) 270
16.4.7 Fluidised bed bioreactor (FBR) 272
16.4.8 Completely stirred bioreactor 272
16.4.9 Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) 272
16.4.10 Other reactor 272
16.4.11 Specialist microbiology 273
16.5 Disinfection/oxidation 274
16.5.1 Chlorination and related processes 274
16.5.2 Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection 274
16.5.3 Ozone 275
16.5.4 Advanced oxidation process (AOP) 276
16.5.5 Other 277
Interviewees 279
References 281

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