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Latin America - Mobile Network Operators and MVNOs

  • May 2016
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 150 pages

Economic turmoil placing pressure on mobile operators across Latin America
Although there are a number of smaller operators across the region, the mobile market in Latin America continues to be dominated by three operators which each have businesses in multiple countries. The smallest of these four is Luxembourg-based Millicom International, which trades as Tigo. The operator reported having 32.5 million subscribers in its six markets in Central and South America as of March 2016. Telefónica Group reported having 186.4 million subscribers in the region. For reporting purposes the Group now separates its Brazilian unit from the remaining units which come under the Telefónica Hispanoamérica umbrella (including Argentina, Chile, Peru, Colombia, Mexico, Ecuador and Uruguay). Mexico’s América Móvil, trading as Telcel in its domestic market and as Claro in the remaining 16 markets in the region, reported having 285.2 million subscribers. Other international players include Telecom Italia, which has more than 75 million mobile subscribers in Brazil, and AT&T Mexico, which although is the smaller operator in that country has ambitions to develop its North American Mobile Service area covering more than 400 million people in Mexico and the US. To this end AT&T Mexico secured spectrum in the AWS band earlier in 2016 to facilitate roaming and other services for its subscribers in the two countries.

The dominance of these operators is being gradually eroded as a result of efforts by a number of national regulators to facilitate the entry of MVNOs and to encourage the participation of smaller players in spectrum auctions. In Mexico, Telcel is being obliged to reduce its market share from 68% as of early 2016 to below 50% by the end of 2018.

The company is achieving this by selling assets regionally, which is making room for other operators. There are now several MVNOs offering services in Mexico, although collectively they only have a market share of about 1%.

Operators have had mixed results during the last few quarters. Although the general trend for customer acquisitions and revenue is encouraging, some markets have proved to be difficult. Countries such as Venezuela and Brazil are undergoing considerable economic hardship, as well as dysfunctional political processes, which has stymied revenue growth. América Móvil reported a 9.2% fall in the number of mobile subscribers in Brazil in the year to March 2016, which contributed to the 0.7% fall in revenue in the period. Telefónica Group suffered a 16.7% drop in reported revenue in its Hispanoamérica markets despite a modest lift in the number of subscribers, and a 13% drop in revenue for its Brazilian unit, the latter partly explained by a 10.% decline in the subscriber base. In addition, operators are facing revenue continued pressure from reduced mobile termination rates and regulated tariffs for call and data pricing, while the popularity of OTT messaging services has considerably reduced the volume of SMS traffic, and with it placed further stress on operator revenue.

As these several pressures will continue further into 2016, operators will be encouraged to invest in LTE infrastructure and enhance their mobile data and broadband offerings in a bid to secure revenue growth.

Table Of Contents

Latin America - Mobile Network Operators and MVNOs
1. Statistical overview of operator subscribers
2. Argentina
2.1 Market analysis
2.2 Major mobile operators
2.2.1 Claro (previously CTI Móvil)
2.2.2 Telecom Personal
2.2.3 Movistar
2.2.4 Nextel Argentina
2.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
2.3.1 Nuestro Móvil
2.3.2 Libre.ar
3. Belize
3.1 Overview of Belize's mobile market
3.2 Major mobile operators
3.2.1 BTL (DigiCell)
3.2.2 SpeedNet (Smart)
4. Bolivia
4.1 Market analysis
4.2 Major mobile operators
4.2.1 Entel Movil
4.2.2 Tigo (Telecel)
4.2.3 Viva (NuevaTel)
4.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
5. Brazil
5.1 Market analysis
5.2 Mobile Network Operators (MNOs)
5.2.1 Introduction
5.2.2 Vivo (Telefônica Brasil)
5.2.3 TIM Brasil
5.2.4 Claro
5.2.5 Oi
5.2.6 Nextel Brasil
5.2.7 CTBC/Algar Telecom
5.2.8 Sercomtel Celular
5.2.9 Unicel/Aeiou (defunct)
5.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)
5.3.1 Porto Seguro
5.3.2 Vodafone Brazil (Datora)
5.3.3 Virgin Mobile
5.3.4 Correios
6. Chile
6.1 Market analysis
6.2 Mobile network operators
6.2.1 Entel PCS
6.2.2 Movistar (Telefónica Móviles Chile)
6.2.3 Claro Chile (America Móvil)
6.2.4 WOM (Nextel Chile)
6.2.5 VTR
6.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
6.3.1 GTD Móvil
6.3.2 Virgin Mobile Chile
6.3.3 Falabella Móvil
7. Colombia
7.1 Market analysis
7.2 Major mobile operators
7.2.1 Claro (Comcel/America Móvil)
7.2.2 Movistar (Telefónica/Colombia Telecomunicaciones)
7.2.3 Tigo (Colombia Móvil/Millicom, EPM, ETB)
7.2.4 Avantel
7.2.5 UNE-EPM
7.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators
7.3.1 Market analysis
7.3.2 Uff! Móvil
7.3.3 ETB
7.3.4 Metrotel
7.3.5 Emcali
7.3.6 Virgin Mobile
7.3.7 Móvil Éxito
8. Costa Rica
8.1 Market analysis latest developments
8.2 Major mobile operators
8.2.1 ICE (Kölbi, ICE Cellular)
8.2.2 Claro (America Móvil)
8.2.3 Movistar (Telefónica Costa Rica)
8.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
9. Cuba
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Major mobile operator
9.2.1 ETECSA
10. Dominican Republic
10.1 Market analysis
10.2 Major mobile operators
10.2.1 Codetel (Claro Dominicana)
10.2.2 Altice Hispaniola (Orange Dominicana)
10.2.3 Tricom
10.2.4 Viva (formerly Trilogy Dominicana)
11. Ecuador
11.1 Overview
11.2 Major mobile operators
11.2.1 Claro (Conecel)
11.2.2 Movistar (Otecel)
11.2.3 CNT
11.3 Mobile Virtual Network operators (MVNOs)
12. El Salvador
12.1 Market analysis latest developments
12.2 Major mobile operators
12.2.1 Tigo (Millicom)
12.2.2 Claro (America Móvil)
12.2.3 Movistar (Telefónica Móviles)
12.2.4 Digicel
12.2.5 RED (Intelfon)
13. Guatemala
13.1 Market analysis
13.2 Major mobile operators
13.2.1 Tigo (Millicom)
13.2.2 Claro (America Móvil)
13.2.3 Movistar (Telefónica)
13.2.4 RED (Intelfon)
14. Guyana
14.1 Market analysis
14.2 Major mobile operators
14.2.1 Cellink (GTT+)
14.2.2 Digicel Guyana
15. Haiti
15.1 Market analysis
15.2 Major mobile operators
15.2.1 Digicel
15.2.2 Comcel (Voila)
15.2.3 Haiti Telecommunications International (HaiTel)
15.2.4 Natcom
15.2.5 Rectel (Teleco)
16. Honduras
16.1 Market analysis
16.2 Major mobile operators
16.2.1 Tigo/Celtel (Millicom)
16.2.2 Claro/Sercom (America Móvil)
16.2.3 Hondutel
16.2.4 Digicel
17. Jamaica
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Major mobile operators
17.2.1 Digicel
17.2.2 Claro
17.2.3 Flow
17.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
18. Mexico
18.1 Market analysis
18.2 Major mobile operators
18.2.1 Telcel
18.2.2 Movistar
18.2.3 ATandT Mexico
18.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
19. Nicaragua
19.1 Market analysis
19.2 Major mobile operators
19.2.1 Claro (America Móvil)
19.2.2 Movistar (Telefónica)
19.2.3 Xinwei Nicaragua (CooTel)
20. Panama
20.1 Overview of Panama's mobile market
20.2 Major mobile operators
20.2.1 +Móvil (CandWP)
20.2.2 Movistar (Telefónica)
20.2.3 Digicel Panamá
20.2.4 Claro Panamá (America Móvil)
21. Paraguay
21.1 Market analysis
21.2 Major mobile operators
21.2.1 Tigo (Millicom International Cellular)
21.2.2 Personal (Núcleo/Telecom Argentina)
21.2.3 Claro (America Móvil)
21.2.4 Vox (Hola Paraguay/Copaco)
22. Peru
22.1 Market analysis
22.2 Major mobile operators
22.2.1 Movistar Perú (Telefónica Móviles Perú)
22.2.2 Claro Perú (America Móvil)
22.2.3 Entel Perú
22.2.4 Viettel Peru (Bitel)
22.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
23. Puerto Rico
23.1 Market analysis
23.2 Major mobile operators
23.2.1 ATandT Mobility
23.2.2 Claro (America Móvil)
23.2.3 T-Mobile US
23.2.4 Sprint PCS
23.2.5 Open Mobile
24. Suriname
24.1 Market analysis
24.2 Major mobile operators
24.2.1 TeleG (Telesur)
24.2.2 Digicel
24.2.3 Uniqa
25. Uruguay
25.1 Market analysis
25.2 Major mobile operators
25.2.1 Antel
25.2.2 Movistar
25.2.3 Claro
26. Venezuela
26.1 Market analysis
26.2 Major mobile operators
26.2.1 Movilnet (CANTV)
26.2.2 Movistar (Telefónica)
26.2.3 Digitel
Table 1 Latin America - major mobile operators subscribers 2010 2015
Table 2 Latin America - America Móvil subscribers 2010 - 2015
Table 3 Latin America - Telefónica subscribers - 2010 - 2015
Table 4 Latin America - Telecom Italia subscribers 2010 - 2015
Table 5 Latin America - Millicom International Cellular subscribers 2010 - 2015
Table 6 Latin America - Digicel Group subscribers 2013 - 2015
Table 7 Argentina - Claro mobile subscribers 2010 - 2016
Table 8 Argentina - Claro wireless revenue 2013 - 2016
Table 9 Argentina - Personal mobile subscribers 1999 - 2016
Table 10 Argentina - Personal mobile ARPU 2012 - 2016
Table 11 Argentina - Personal mobile service revenue 2012 - 2016
Table 12 Argentina - Personal mobile data and voice usage per month 2013 - 2015
Table 13 Argentina - Movistar mobile subscribers 2010 - 2016
Table 14 Argentina - Movistar mobile revenue 2009 - 2016
Table 15 Argentina - Movistar mobile ARPU 2008 - 2016
Table 16 Argentina - Nextel mobile revenue 2012 - 2015
Table 17 Argentina - Nextel mobile ARPU 2012 - 2015
Table 18 Argentina - Nextel mobile subscribers 2002 - 2015
Table 19 Bolivia - Entel mobile subscribers 2001 - 2013
Table 20 Bolivia - Entel 4G mobile subscribers 2012 - 2013
Table 21 Bolivia - Tigo mobile subscribers 2003 - 2016
Table 22 Brazil - Mobile operators' market share 2002 - 2016
Table 23 Brazil - 3G/mobile broadband market share by operator 2009 2016
Table 24 Brazil - LTE subscriber market share by operator 2014 2016
Table 25 Brazil - Vivo mobile subscribers 2002 - 2016
Table 26 Brazil - Vivo/Telemig mobile subscribers (historic) 2002 - 2007
Table 27 Brazil - Vivo mobile revenue (R$) 2010 - 2015
Table 28 Brazil - Vivo financial data () 2013 - 2016
Table 29 Brazil - TIM Brasil mobile financial data 2010 - 2016
Table 30 Brazil - TIM Brasil mobile financial data () 2014 - 2016
Table 31 Brazil - TIM Brasil mobile subscribers 2003 - 2016
Table 32 Claro Brazil mobile revenue 2010 - 2016
Table 33 Claro Brazil mobile subscribers 2002 - 2016
Table 34 Brazil - Oi mobile revenue 2012 - 2016
Table 35 Brazil - Oi mobile subscribers 2002 - 2016
Table 36 Brazil - Oi/Amazônia/BrT mobile subscribers 2002 - 2008 (historic)
Table 37 Brazil - NII Holdings mobile revenue (R$) 2012 - 2015
Table 38 Nextel Brazil revenue ($) 2010 - 2016
Table 39 Nextel Brazil mobile subscribers 2002 - 2016
Table 40 Brazil - Algar Telecom mobile revenue 2009 - 2016
Table 41 Brazil - Algar Telecom mobile subscribers 2003 - 2016
Table 42 Brazil - Sercomtel mobile subscribers 2003 - 2015
Table 43 Brazil - MVNO subscribers 2012 - 2016
Table 44 Brazil - Port Seguro mobile subscribers 2012 - 2016
Table 45 Chile - Mobile operators' market share 2000 - 2015
Table 46 Chile - Entel PCS mobile subscribers 2000 - 2016
Table 47 Chile - Entel PCS mobile broadband subscribers 2012 - 2016
Table 48 Chile - Movistar mobile subscribers 2000 - 2016
Table 49 Movistar Chile mobile revenue 2012 - 2016
Table 50 Movistar Chile operating data 2013 - 2016
Table 51 Movistar Chile ARPU 2013 - 2016
Table 52 Chile - Claro mobile subscribers 2000 - 2016
Table 53 Chile - Claro mobile revenue 2012 - 2016
Table 54 Chile - WOM mobile subscribers 2008 - 2015
Table 55 Chile - VTR mobile subscribers 2012 - 2016
Table 56 Chile - MVNO subscribers by operator 2011 - 2015
Table 57 Chile - Virgin Mobile mobile subscribers 2012 - 2015
Table 58 Chile - Falabella Móvil mobile subscribers 2013 - 2015
Table 59 Claro Colombia subscribers 2001 - 2016
Table 60 Claro Colombia mobile service revenue 2013 - 2016
Table 61 Colombia - Movistar subscribers 2001 - 2016
Table 62 Movistar Colombia financial data 2013 - 2016
Table 63 Tigo Colombia subscribers 2003 2016
Table 64 Tigo Colombia financial data (historic) 2010 - 2013
Table 65 Colombia - Avantel mobile subscribers 2013 2015
Table 66 Colombia - UNE-EPM mobile subscribers 2012 2014
Table 67 Colombia - Uff! mobile subscribers 2011 2015
Table 68 Colombia - ETB mobile subscribers 2013 2015
Table 69 Colombia - Virgin Mobile subscribers 2013 2015
Table 70 Colombia - Móvil Exito subscribers 2013 2015
Table 71 Costa Rica - Average traffic per mobile subscriber - 2011 - 2014
Table 72 Costa Rica - Mobile market share by operator - 2011 - 2014
Table 73 Costa Rica - Mobile market traffic - 2011 - 2016
Table 74 Costa Rica - Mobile revenue by service - 2011 - 2016
Table 75 Costa Rica - Proportion of mobile revenue by type - 2011 - 2016
Table 76 Costa Rica - ICE mobile subscribers - 2013 - 2014
Table 77 Costa Rica - Claro mobile subscribers - 2013 - 2014
Table 78 Costa Rica - Movistar mobile subscribers - 2013 - 2014
Table 79 Costa Rica - MVNO mobile subscribers by provider - 2011 - 2014
Table 80 Dominican Republic - Codetel mobile subscribers 2015 - 2016
Table 81 Dominican Republic - Altice Hispaniola mobile subscribers 2008 - 2016
Table 82 Dominican Republic - Altice Hispaniola revenue 2008 - 2015
Table 83 Dominican Republic - Altice Hispaniola financial data 2014 - 2015
Table 84 Dominican Republic - Altice Hispaniola revenue by sector 2014 - 2015
Table 85 Dominican Republic - Tricom mobile subscribers 2015 - 2016
Table 86 Dominican Republic - Viva mobile subscribers 2015 - 2016
Table 87 Ecuador - Mobile operators' market share 2005 - 2015
Table 88 Ecuador - Claro mobile subscribers 2010 - 2016
Table 89 Ecuador - Movistar mobile subscribers 2010 - 2016
Table 90 Ecuador - Movistar mobile financial data 2012 - 2013
Table 91 Ecuador - CNT mobile subscribers 2003 - 2016
Table 92 El Salvador - Tigo mobile subscribers 2000 2015
Table 93 El Salvador - Historic - Claro mobile subscribers 2002 - 2008
Table 94 El Salvador - Historic - Movistar mobile subscribers 2000 - 2008
Table 95 El Salvador - Digicel mobile subscribers 2003 2008; 2014 - 2015
Table 96 El Salvador - Digicel revenue 2014 - 2015
Table 97 El Salvador - Historic - RED mobile subscribers 2005 - 2008
Table 98 Guatemala - Tigo mobile subscribers 2000 - 2015
Table 99 Guatemala - Claro mobile subscribers 2000 - 2015
Table 100 Movistar Guatemala mobile subscribers 2003 - 2015
Table 101 Guyana - GTT+ mobile subscribers 1999 - 2014
Table 102 Guyana - Digicel Guyana revenue 2013 - 2015
Table 103 Haiti - Digicel financial data 2012; 2014 - 2015
Table 104 Haiti - Digicel mobile subscribers 2012 - 2015
Table 105 Honduras - Tigo mobile subscribers 2000 - 2016
Table 106 Honduras - Historic - Claro mobile subscribers 2003 - 2008
Table 107 Digicel Jamaica financial results 2013 - 2015
Table 108 Mexico - Telcel subscribers and annual change 2000 - 2016
Table 109 Mexico - Telcel churn, monthly minutes of use and ARPU 2008 - 2016
Table 110 Mexico - Telcel wireless service revenue 2010 - 2016
Table 111 Mexico - Movistar subscribers 2001 - 2016
Table 112 Mexico - Movistar minutes of use and ARPU 2008 - 2016
Table 113 Mexico - Movistar financial data 2008 - 2016
Table 114 ATandT Mexico subscribers 2000 2016
Table 115 Mexico - Iusacell financial data 2012 2013
Table 116 ATandT Mexico financial data 2015 2016
Table 117 Mexico - Unefón subscribers and annual change (historic) 2000 - 2007
Table 118 Nextel Mexico financial data (historic) 2012 - 2014
Table 119 Nextel Mexico financial data (new format) 2015
Table 120 Nicaragua - Historic - Claro mobile subscribers 2003 - 2008
Table 121 Nicaragua - Historic - Movistar mobile subscribers 2000 2008
Table 122 Panama - CandWP mobile subscribers 2005 2015
Table 123 Paraguay - Tigo - mobile subscribers 2002 2016
Table 124 Paraguay - Personal - mobile subscribers 2002 - 2015
Table 125 Paraguay - Personal ARPU 2010 - 2015
Table 126 Paraguay - Personal mobile revenue 2011 - 2015
Table 127 Movistar Peru mobile subscribers 2001 - 2015
Table 128 Movistar Peru mobile revenue 2001 - 2015
Table 129 Claro Peru mobile revenue 2009 - 2015
Table 130 Claro Peru mobile subscribers 2001 - 2015
Table 131 Entel Peru subscribers 2001 - 2015
Table 132 Entel Peru subscribers by type 2013 2015
Table 133 Entel Peru revenue (ChS/.) 2013 2014
Table 134 Entel Peru revenue ($) 2014 2015
Table 135 Viettel Peru mobile subscribers 2014 - 2015
Table 136 Uruguay - Antel mobile subscribers 2002 - 2015
Table 137 Movistar Uruguay mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
Table 138 Movistar Uruguay mobile revenue - 2012 - 2016
Table 139 Uruguay - Claro mobile subscribers 2004 - 2015
Table 140 Venezuela - Market share of mobile subscribers by operator 2001 - 2015
Table 141 Venezuela - Movilnet mobile subscribers 2001 - 2013
Table 142 Venezuela - Movistar subscribers 2001 - 2013
Chart 1 El Salvador - Tigo mobile subscribers 2002 2015
Chart 2 Mexico - Telcel subscribers and annual change 2000 2016
Chart 3 Mexico - Movistar financial data 2008 2016
Exhibit 1 Argentina - Claro at a glance
Exhibit 2 Argentina - Telecom Personal at a glance
Exhibit 3 Argentina - Movistar at a glance
Exhibit 4 Brazil - Subdivision of Brazil into regions and areas for mobile licensing
Exhibit 5 Brazil - Telefônica Brasil (trading as Vivo) at a glance
Exhibit 6 Brazil - Vivo concessions
Exhibit 7 Brazil - The uneasy marriage between Telefónica and Portugal Telecom (historic)
Exhibit 8 Brazil - TIM Brasil at a glance
Exhibit 9 TIM Brasil concession awards for frequency bands A, B, D, E
Exhibit 10 Brazil - Claro Brasil at a glance
Exhibit 11 Claro Brazil concessions
Exhibit 12 Brazil - Oi (TNL PCS) at a glance
Exhibit 13 Brazil - Oi concession awards for frequency bands A, D, E, M
Exhibit 14 Chile - Entel PCS at a glance
Exhibit 15 Telefónica Móviles Chile at a glance
Exhibit 16 Claro Chile at a glance
Exhibit 17 Colombia - Comcel (trading as Claro) at a glance
Exhibit 18 Colombia - Movistar at a glance
Exhibit 19 Colombia - Tigo at a glance
Exhibit 20 El Salvador - Tigo/Telemóvil company history
Exhibit 21 BellSouth Guatemala history
Exhibit 22 Nicaragua - Aló PCS history
Exhibit 23 Nicaragua - Enitel Movil history
Exhibit 24 Nicaragua - Movistar history
Exhibit 25 BellSouth Panama/Telefónica Móviles Panamá history
Exhibit 26 Mobile Perú at a glance
Exhibit 27 Venezuela - Movilnet at a glance
Exhibit 28 Venezuela - Movistar at a glance
Exhibit 29 Venezuela - Digitel at a glance

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