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Proppants in North America

  • September 2015
  • -
  • Freedonia
  • -
  • 251 pages

North American demand to grow over 8% annually

Demand for proppants in North America is forecast to increase over eight percent annually through 2019 to 152 billion pounds, with growth remaining healthy despite the current and expected low oil price environment. The emergence of the Permian Basin as a major tight oil play and a shift toward significantly higher volumes of water and proppant in hydraulic fracturing have been the main drivers of rapid change in the market over the past few years. While growth going forward will remain substantial, it is expected to slow through 2019, as low oil and gas prices hold back completion activity and proppant loading trends begin to stabilize.

Lower oil & gas prices will prevent growth in drilling

A period of high and relatively stable oil prices between 2011 and 2014 led to growth in well completion and hydraulic fracturing activity in the US and Canada, supporting gains in proppant demand. Among the most rapidly growing areas was the Permian Basin in Texas, with other areas of strong growth including the Niobrara in Colorado and the Utica in Ohio. Oil prices have fallen substantially since mid-2014, however, and are not expected to recover fully until after 2019. As a result, drilling activity in liquidsrich unconventional plays is projected to remain lower through 2019 than in 2014. Although export opportunities for natural gas should spur some increased drilling activity targeting gas, overall drilling and completion are expected to remain nearly flat.

Colorado, Oklahoma, Canada to offer best opportunities

While overall completion activity will be held back by the low oil and gas price environment, there remain several unconventional resource plays with significant room for future growth in well completions, creating above average opportunities for proppants. Among the largest proppant markets in the US, Colorado and Oklahoma are expected to hold the best short term prospects for growth, while Texas and Pennsylvania are forecast to grow more slowly. In large part, this will result from the relative maturity of the Eagle Ford shale in Texas and the Marcellus shale in Pennsylvania when compared to the less developed unconventional plays in the former states. Canada is expected to see very strong growth, as the country holds a large volume of tight oil and shale gas resources yet lags the US in their development, having focused investment more heavily on oil sands resources to date.

Table Of Contents

Proppants in North America
INTRODUCTION x
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1
II. MARKET ENVIRONMENT 4
General 4
Macroeconomic Environment 6
United States 8
Canada 9
Demographic Overview 11
Petroleum and Natural Gas Overview 13
Upstream Oil and Gas Activity 16
Petroleum Market Overview 18
Production and Consumption 19
United States 20
Canada 21
Pricing 23
Natural Gas Market Overview 24
Production 27
United States 27
Canada 28
Pricing 29
World Oil and Gas Outlook 30
World Petroleum Outlook 32
Reserves and Exploration 33
Production 38
Pricing Patterns 42
World Natural Gas Outlook 43
Reserves and Exploration 44
Production 47
Pricing Patterns 48
Environmental and Regulatory Considerations 49
International Activity 52
III. TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW 54
General 54
Well Drilling and Completion 55
Horizontal Drilling 56
Well Completion 57
Hydraulic Fracturing 59
Multistage Fracturing 61
Refracturing 62
Proppant Technology 63
Unconventional Resource Development 64
Tight Oil 65
Shale Gas 66
Coalbed Methane 67
IV. PROPPANT SUPPLY and DEMAND 69
General 69
Capacity and Production 69
Trade 71
Demand by Type 73
Raw Frac Sand 76
White Sand 80
Brown Sand 81
Other Raw Sand 82
Resin Coated Sand 83
Ceramic 86
Bauxite-Based 89
Clay-Based 91
Coated and Other Ceramics 91
Other Proppants 92
Proppant Pricing 94
V. REGIONAL PROPPANT MARKETS 97
General 97
United States 100
Proppant Demand 103
Southern Region 106
Market Environment 107
Proppant Demand 108
Texas 110
Louisiana 114
Arkansas 117
New Mexico 120
Other Southern Region 123
Midwestern Region 126
Market Environment 127
Proppant Demand 129
North Dakota 130
Oklahoma 134
Ohio 137
Kansas 140
Other Midwestern Region 143
Eastern Region 146
Market Environment 147
Proppant Demand 148
Pennsylvania 150
West Virginia and Other 152
Western Region 155
Market Environment 156
Proppant Demand 158
Colorado 160
Wyoming 163
Montana 166
Utah 169
Other Western States 171
Canada 174
Market Environment 175
Proppant Demand 177
Alberta 179
Other Canada 182
VI. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 186
General 186
Market Share 188
Raw Sand Proppant Market Share 189
Resin Coated Sand Market Share 192
Ceramic Proppant Market Share 195
Industry Restructuring 198
Competitive Strategies 200
Cooperative Agreements 202
Transportation and Logistics 205
Research and Development 207
Company Profiles 209
Atlas Resin Proppants, see Badger Mining
Badger Mining Corporation 210
Baker Hughes Incorporated 212
Cadre Services, see US Silica Holdings
CARBO Ceramics Incorporated 214
DandI Silica, see Hi-Crush Partners
Emerge Energy Services LP 217
EOG Resources Incorporated 221
Erna Frac Sand LC 222
Fairmount Santrol Incorporated 223
flexFrac Proppant Sand Suppliers LLC 226
Fores Limited 227
FTS International Services LLC 228
Halliburton Company 229
Hexion Incorporated 230
Hi-Crush Partners LP 232
Imerys SA 235
Messina Incorporated 237
Midwest Frac and Sands, see Emerge Energy Services
Mineração Curimbaba Limitada 238
Momentive Specialty Chemicals, see Hexion
Oilfield Technology Group, see Hexion
Pattison Sand Company LLC 239
Pioneer Natural Resources Company 240
Preferred Sands LLC 241
Premier Silica, see Pioneer Natural Resources
Saint-Gobain 243
SCR-Sibelco NV 245
Sierra Frac Sand LLC 247
Superior Silica Sands, see Emerge Energy Services
Texas Silica LLC 248
Unimin, see SCR-Sibelco
US Silica Holdings Incorporated 249

LIST OF TABLES

SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Summary Table 3
SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 Macroeconomic Indicators by Country 8
2 Population and Households 13
3 Oil and Gas Production and Consumption 15
4 Upstream Oil and Gas Activity Indicators 18
5 Crude Oil and Liquids Supply and Demand 19
6 Natural Gas Supply and Demand 26
7 World Crude Oil Proved Reserves by Country, 2014 38
8 World Crude Oil Field Production by Region 41
9 World Natural Gas Proved Reserves by Country, 2014 46
SECTION IV -- PROPPANT SUPPLY and DEMAND
1 North American Proppant Trade 73
2 North American Proppant Demand by Type 76
3 North American Raw Frac Sand Demand by Country 79
4 North American Resin Coated Sand Demand by Country 86
5 North American Ceramic Proppant Demand by Country and Type 89
6 Selected Proppant Pricing 96
SECTION V -- REGIONAL PROPPANT MARKETS
1 North American Proppant Demand by Country 98
2 United States: Key Indicators for Proppant Demand 103
3 United States: Proppant Demand by Type and Region 105
4 Southern Region: Key Indicators for Proppant Demand 108
5 Southern Region: Proppant Demand by Type and State 110
6 Texas: Proppant Demand by Type 113
7 Louisiana: Proppant Demand by Type 116
8 Arkansas: Proppant Demand by Type 119
9 New Mexico: Proppant Demand by Type 122
10 Other Southern Region: Proppant Demand by Type 125
11 Midwestern Region: Key Indicators for Proppant Demand 128
12 Midwestern Region: Proppant Demand by Type and State 130
13 North Dakota: Proppant Demand by Type 133
14 Oklahoma: Proppant Demand by Type 136
15 Ohio: Proppant Demand 139
16 Kansas: Proppant Demand 142
17 Other Midwestern Region: Proppant Demand 145
18 Eastern Region: Key Indicators for Proppant Demand 148
19 Eastern Region: Proppant Demand by Type and State 149
20 Pennsylvania: Proppant Demand by Type 151
21 West Virginia and Other Eastern Region: Proppant Demand 154
22 Western Region: Key Indicators for Proppant Demand 158
23 Western Region: Proppant Demand by Type and State 160
24 Colorado: Proppant Demand by Type 162
25 Wyoming: Proppant Demand by Type 165
26 Montana: Proppant Demand by Type 168
27 Utah: Proppant Demand by Type 170
28 Other Western States: Proppant Demand by Type 173
29 Canada: Key Indicators for Proppant Demand 177
30 Canada: Proppant Demand by Type and Region 179
31 Alberta: Proppant Demand by Type 181
32 Other Canada: Proppant Demand by Type 184
SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 North American Proppant Sales by Company, 2014 187
2 Selected Acquisitions and Divestitures 200
3 Selected Cooperative Agreements 204

List of Charts

SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 Crude Oil Spot Prices, 2004-2014 24
2 Natural Gas Spot Prices, 2004-2014 30
3 World Crude Oil Field Production by Region, 2014 41
SECTION IV -- PROPPANT SUPPLY and DEMAND
1 Raw Frac Sand Demand by Type, 2014 80
SECTION V -- REGIONAL PROPPANT MARKETS
1 North American Proppant Demand Valume Growth,
2014-2019 99
2 United States: Proppant Demand by Region, 2014 106
3 Texas: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 114
4 Louisiana: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 117
5 Arkansas: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 120
6 New Mexico: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 123
7 Other Southern Region: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 126
8 North Dakota: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 134
9 Oklahoma: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 137
10 Ohio: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 140
11 Kansas: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 143
12 Other Midwestern Region: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 146
13 Pennsylvania: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 152
14 West Virginia and Other Eastern Region: Proppant Demand,
2004-2014 155
15 Colorado: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 163
16 Wyoming: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 166
17 Montana: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 169
18 Utah: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 171
19 Other Western States: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 174
20 Alberta: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 182
21 Other Canada: Proppant Demand, 2004-2014 185
SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 North American Proppant Market Share, 2014 189
2 North American Raw Sand Proppant Market Share, 2014 190
3 North American Resin Coated Sand Market Share, 2014 193
4 North American Ceramic Proppant Market Share by Company,
2014 196

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