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Belarus - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

  • November 2016
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 38 pages

Belarus government increases tax on telecom services to 25%
Belarus experience strong economic growth during the first years of the century, though this stalled during the financial crisis of 2008 and 2010. In recent years growth has continued to fall sharply, including an estimated 2.7% drop in GDP for 2016. Belarus continues to feel the effects of economic difficulties experienced by its main trading partners Ukraine and Russia. Although inflation has been brought down to more manageable levels since the hyper-inflationary year of 2011, when inflation reached 109%; inflation since then remains high while the value of the rouble has fallen in relation to other currencies, including the Euro.. This prompted the government to re-denominate the currency in July 2016, with BYR10,000 becoming BYN1. The poorly performing economy has impacted on operator revenue, particular for the subsidiaries of Turkcell and Telecom Austria. The ongoing economic difficulties have also reduced customer spend, contributing to lower revenue and investment.

Nevertheless, there remain many opportunities for growth in coming years, particularly in the broadband segment where the incumbent telco Beltelecom is migrating its PSTN network to a fibre-based network, and so will be better positioned to offer bundled services. Although the sector has been reformed in recent years, restructuring has not yet resulted in the privatisation of the incumbent Beltelecom, which continues to invest in infrastructure and technologies. Although the government is keen to control these assets, there is greater pressure for it to sell state enterprises in a bid to reduce overall debt. Growth for

Beltelecom is expected to be particularly strong in the FttP sector, where much of the company's capex is directed.

The mobile sector has experienced the strongest growth in telecoms, with a rapid rise in mobile penetration attributed to effective competition. Operators have concentrated on developing mobile broadband and data services with a view to capitalising on such services to increase ARPU. Recent spectrum auctions have facilitated the development of mobile broadband access, particularly in rural areas, while the operator beCloud, charged with developing a wholesale-based LTE network, has enabled commercial LE services to be launched by MNOs, though at present services are largely restricted to Minsk and some of the larger cities.

In early 2015 the government decreed that the 1.5% tax on revenue derived from telcos (which was put in place in 2007) should be channelled to developing telecom universe services, particularly aimed at rural areas. In mid-2016 the cash-strapped government increased the tax on all telecoms services from 20% to 25%.

Key developments:

BeST launches LTE services in Minsk;
Telco tax of 1.5% of revenue allocated to the provision of universal telecom services;
Belarus launches its first telecoms satellite;
Government increases VAT on telecom services to 25%;
Beltelecom signs up one million subscribers to its GPON network by October 2016;
Government again rejects plan to sell the state's 51% interest in Mobile TeleSystems (MTS);
International transmission capacity growing in line with rising internet usage
MDC approaches 97% 3G coverage;
Report update includes the Ministry of Communications data to September 2016, operator data to Q3 2016, recent market developments.

Market penetration rates in Belarus's telecoms sector 2016 (e)
Market | Penetration rate
Fixed-line telephony | 49.3%
Fixed broadband | 33.8%
Mobile SIM (population) | 122.8%
(Source: BuddeComm)

Companies mentioned in this report:

Beltelecom, Cosmos TV, Minsk TV and Information Networks (MTIS), Teleradio, Belcel, MDC, MTS Belarus, BeST.

Table Of Contents

Belarus - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Historical overview
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historic overview
5.2 Regulatory authority
5.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.4 Privatisation
5.5 Interconnection
5.6 Access
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Beltelecom
6.2 Alternative Digital Network (ADN)
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 International infrastructure
7.2.1 Satellite
8. Smart infrastructure
9. Fixed-line broadband market
9.1 Market analysis
9.1.1 Internet society
9.2 Broadband statistics
9.3 Forecasts broadband subscribers 2015; 2018; 2021
9.3.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
9.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
9.4.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
9.4.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
9.4.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
9.4.4 Other fixed broadband services
10. Digital economy
10.1 E-government
11. Digital media
11.1.1 Videostreaming
11.1.2 Cable TV
11.1.3 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
11.2 Communications; VoIP
12. Mobile market
12.1 Market analysis
12.2 Mobile statistics
12.2.1 General statistics
12.2.2 Mobile data
12.2.3 Mobile broadband
12.3 Regulatory issues
12.3.1 Licensing
12.3.2 Radio frequency usage fees
12.3.3 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
12.3.4 Roaming
12.3.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
12.4 Mobile infrastructure
12.4.1 Digital networks
12.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
12.5 Major mobile operators
12.5.1 Belcel/Diallog
12.5.2 Mobile Digital Communications (MDC)/velcom
12.5.3 Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
12.5.4 BeST/life :)
12.5.5 MVNOs
12.6 Mobile content and applications
12.6.1 Mobile TV
13. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics - Belarus 2016 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2016 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2016 (e)
Table 4 Broadband subscriber statistics 2016 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2016 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Beltelecom subscribers by sector 2011 - 2013
Table 8 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1999 - 2009
Table 9 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010 - 2017
Table 10 International internet bandwidth 2000 - 2016
Table 11 ICT value add revenue and investment 2011 - 2014
Table 12 ICT revenue and investment 2011 - 2014
Table 13 Historic - Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates 2000 - 2009
Table 14 Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates 2000 - 2017
Table 15 Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates 2000 - 2017
Table 16 Proportion of internet connections by type 2011 - 2014
Table 17 Proportion of internet connections by type among ICT organisations 2011 - 2014
Table 18 Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2017
Table 19 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers higher growth scenario 2016; 2018; 2021
Table 20 DSL subscribers 2004 - 2016
Table 21 Beltelecom DSL subscribers 2008 - 2014
Table 22 Fibre broadband subscribers 2011 - 2017
Table 23 E-government interaction by companies 2011 - 2014
Table 24 IPTV subscribers 2011 - 2017
Table 25 Cable TV subscribers 2011 - 2017
Table 26 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1999 - 2009
Table 27 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2017
Table 28 Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2017
Table 29 Mobile number portings 2012 - 2014
Table 30 MDC financial data 2007 2016
Table 31 MDC postpaid, prepaid and blended annualised ARPU 2007 2016
Table 32 MDC subscribers, monthly minutes of use (MOU) 2007 2016
Table 33 MDC prepaid users and share of total 2007 - 2016
Table 34 MDC mobile broadband subscribers 2012 2016
Table 35 MTS Belarus subscribers 2004 - 2016
Table 36 MTS Belarus financial data 2014 - 2016
Table 37 MTS Belarus operational data and ARPU ($) 2004 - 2009
Table 38 MTS Belarus operational data and ARPU (RUB) 2010 - 2015
Table 39 BeST financial data ($) 2010 - 2015
Table 40 BeST financial data (BYR) 2014 - 2016
Table 41 BeST mobile subscribers 2009 - 2016
Chart 1 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2017
Chart 2 Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates 2005 2017
Chart 3 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 2017
Chart 4 MDC financial data 2007 2016
Chart 5 MDC prepaid users and share of total 2007 2016

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