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Romania - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

  • December 2016
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 74 pages

Romania’s average fixed-line broadband speed broaches 100Mb/s
Romania’s fixed-line telecoms market is evolving under the weight of competition and technological change. The implementation of EU Directives opened the telecoms market to competition and brought about a regulatory framework designed to foster effective competition. Alternative operators now off a range of competing services in all market segments, and in mid-2016 had a majority share of fixed-lines in service.

The broadband market benefits from effective infrastructure-based competition. A focus on fibre-based services has seen the country’s fibre sector become one of the strongest in Europe. By mid-2016 about 94% of all fixed broadband lines were on some sort of fibre-based infrastructure. As a result, the country has one of the highest FttP penetration rates in the region, and by November 2016 the average broadband download speed broached 100Mb/s.
Increasing broadband take up has also fostered the development of Romania’s internet society, encompassing e-commerce, e-government and e-health. Digital TV is available via cable TV, satellite and digital terrestrial TV, with the satellite-based digital pay-TV operators instrumental in driving digital TV uptake. DTTV developments are progressing following the approval of a DTTV migration strategy.

Romania’s mobile market is served by five mobile network operators utilising a mixture of GSM, 3G and 4G technologies. Mobile broadband growth has been strong following network investments which have extended the reach of LTE services. Technologies adopted by the network operators have pushed mobile broadband to data rates at up to 375Mb/s, while the average mobile data rate reached 28Mb/s as of September 2016. There is effective competition among the operators, while a growing number of MVNOs add to the mix: one of the largest broadband players, UPC Romania, planned to launch as an MVNO in 2018. MNOs have also expanded into the fixed-line market: through a network sharing deal with Telekom Romania, Orange Romania provides bundled services to its subscribers. In late 2016 the company launched FttP services offering data at up to 1Gb/s.

This report analyses Romania’s developing telecommunications market, covering regulatory developments, the major players and fixed-line infrastructure. The report also covers the broadband and digital media markets, covering the technologies, the major players and market developments. In addition, the report reviews the fast moving mobile market, covering market developments, as well as profiling the major operators and offering a variety of financial and performance statistics. It also provides an update on spectrum auctions and regulatory developments.

Key developments:

Telecom regulator removes wholesale internet access obligations;
Legislation passed to facilitate access to telco infrastructure and public spaces;
Government proposes 1% teleco tax on pay TV and broadband services;
Average broadband download speed broaches 100Mb/s;
Orange Romania offering 1Gb/s FttP services;
UPC Romania launches free shared Wi-Fi network for subscribers;
Telekom Romania launches 1Gb/s FttP service in 13 cities;
Vodafone Romania partners with Netflix to provide content through its mobile videostreaming service;
RCS&RDS launches 1Gb/s offer;
Digi Mobil launches LTE services in the 2100MHz band;
Operators secure spectrum in the 3.4GHz band;
MNOs fined for failing on coverage obligations;
Orange Romania invests €500 million in its Romanian networks;
Telekom Romania Mobile extends LTE service;
UPC Romania planning launch as an MVNO in 2018;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data to June 2016, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q3 2016, recent market developments.


Companies mentioned in this report:

RCS&RDS, UPC Romania, GTS Telecom, Telekom Romania (Cosmote Romania), SN Radiocomunicatii, DigiTV, Boom TV, Dolce, Vodafone Romania, Orange Romania, Digi Mobil, Telemobil.

Table Of Contents

Romania - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
1. Key statistics
1.1 Country overview
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Historical overview
3. Regulatory environment
3.1 Historic overview
3.1.1 EU regulatory framework
3.1.2 Revised NFR
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
3.4 Privatisation
3.5 Access
3.6 Interconnect
3.7 Carrier Selection and Carrier PreSelection
3.8 Number Portability (NP)
4. Fixed network operators
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Telekom Romania Communications (RomTelecom)
4.3 Alternative operators
4.3.1 RCSandRDS
4.3.2 UPC Romania
4.3.3 GTS Telecom
4.3.4 SN Radiocomunicatii (Radiocom)
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
5.1.1 Telekom Romania
5.1.2 Alternative operators
5.2 International infrastructure
5.3 Wholesale
6. Broadband market
6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
6.1.1 Market analysis
6.1.2 Government programs
6.1.3 Broadband statistics
6.1.4 Forecasts fixed-line broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
6.5 Other fixed broadband services
6.5.1 Local Area Networks (LANs)
6.5.2 Fixed wireless
7. Digital media
7.1 Overview of digital media
7.2 Business models bundled services
7.3 Digital TV
7.3.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
7.3.2 Videostreaming
7.3.3 Cable TV (CATV)
7.3.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
7.4 Communications: VoIP
8. Digital economy
8.1 E-government
8.1.1 Infrastructure
8.2 E-health
9. Mobile communications
9.1 Market analysis
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.2.1 General statistics
9.2.2 Mobile voice
9.2.3 Mobile broadband
9.3 Regulatory issues
9.3.1 Licensing
9.3.2 Spectrum
9.3.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.3.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
9.3.5 Roaming
9.3.6 Network sharing
9.4 Mobile infrastructure
9.4.1 Analogue networks
9.4.2 Digital networks
9.4.3 Other infrastructure developments
9.4.4 Major mobile operators
9.4.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
9.4.6 Mobile Virtual Network Aggregators (MVNAs)
9.5 Mobile content and applications
Table 1 Country statistics 2016 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2016 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2016 (e)
Table 4 Broadband statistics 2016 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2016 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom market revenue 2013 - 2015
Table 8 Telecom market investment 2005 - 2014
Table 9 Telecom market investment (US$) 2006 - 2014
Table 10 Fixed-line traffic 2006 - 2016
Table 11 CS and CPS providers, fixed network 2008 - 2016
Table 12 CS and CPS lines 2008 - 2016
Table 13 Annual fixed number portings 2008 - 2016
Table 14 Fixed-line market share by subscribers 2008 - 2016
Table 15 Fixed-lines, by operator 2008 - 2016
Table 16 Telekom Romania fixed-line revenue 2005 - 2016
Table 17 Telekom Romania fixed-line telephony subscribers 2006 - 2016
Table 18 Telekom Romania broadband and TV subscribers 2011 - 2016
Table 19 Alternative operator fixed lines 2012 - 2016
Table 20 Alternative operator fixed-line subscribers 2012 - 2016
Table 21 Historical Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) 2000 - 2009
Table 22 Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) 2010 - 2017
Table 23 Fixed-line subscribers 2014 - 2017
Table 24 International internet bandwidth 2000 - 2015
Table 25 Fixed broadband penetration, urban and rural 2011 - 2016
Table 26 Fixed broadband penetration of households, urban and rural 2011 - 2016
Table 27 Fixed broadband market share by technology 2013 - 2016
Table 28 Fixed broadband traffic 2012 - 2016
Table 29 Historic - Internet users, subscribers and penetration 1999 - 2009
Table 30 Internet users and penetration 2010 - 2017
Table 31 Historic - Internet subscribers and penetration 1999 - 2009
Table 32 Internet users, subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2016
Table 33 Fixed broadband providers by access type 2008 - 2016
Table 34 Fixed broadband subscribers by access type 2008 - 2016
Table 35 Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by access type 2008 - 2016
Table 36 Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2002 - 2017
Table 37 Internet retail revenue by type 2013 - 2015
Table 38 Internet revenue by type (retail and wholesale) 2013 - 2015
Table 39 Fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (Mb/s) 2013 - 2016
Table 40 Fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (Mb/s) 2013 - 2016
Table 41 Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed 2011 - 2016
Table 42 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers higher growth scenario 2016; 2018; 2021
Table 43 UPC Romania broadband subscribers 2006 - 2016
Table 44 Cable broadband subscribers by access type 2008 - 2016
Table 45 Telecom Romania broadband subscribers 2005 - 2016
Table 46 Fibre broadband subscribers by type 2011 - 2016
Table 47 Wi-Fi hotspot locations 2008 - 2016
Table 48 Revenue from audiovisual services 2008 - 2016
Table 49 Bundled service subscribers by type 2013 - 2016
Table 50 Digital TV subscribers by platform 2009 2016
Table 51 Digital TV penetration by platform 2013 2016
Table 52 IPTV subscribers 2008 2016
Table 53 Cable TV providers 2011 - 2016
Table 54 CATV subscribers, analogue and digital 2008 2014
Table 55 UPC Romania homes passed 2006 - 2016
Table 56 UPC Romania subscribers by service type 2006 - 2016
Table 57 Satellite TV subscribers 2008 2016
Table 58 Telecom Romania (Dolce) TV subscribers 2007 2016
Table 59 VoIP connections 2013 - 2016
Table 60 Historic Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate 1997 - 2009
Table 61 Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate 2010 2017
Table 62 Mobile market revenue 2013 - 2015
Table 63 Mobile market investment 2005 - 2012
Table 64 Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers 2000 - 2016
Table 65 Prepaid cards in service 2009 - 2016
Table 66 Vodafone prepaid subscribers 2005 - 2015
Table 67 Telekom Romania prepaid subscribers 2008 2016
Table 68 Mobile network (terminated) traffic 2009 - 2016
Table 69 Active mobile internet and broadband connections 2008 - 2016
Table 70 Active mobile internet and broadband connections by technology 2012 - 2016
Table 71 Mobile broadband traffic 2011 - 2016
Table 72 Mobile broadband penetration by connection type 2010 2016
Table 73 Total MMS messages sent 2008 - 2016
Table 74 Total SMS messages sent 2005 - 2016
Table 75 SMS messages sent per subscriber 2010 - 2016
Table 76 Multi-spectrum auction results 2012
Table 77 Multi-spectrum auction results spectrum allocation 2012
Table 78 Mobile number portings 2008 - 2016
Table 79 MTRs 2008 - 2014
Table 80 European roaming charges 2007 2016
Table 81 European data roaming charges 2014 - 2017
Table 82 International roaming traffic 2012 - 2016
Table 83 Overview of provider services by technology 2016
Table 84 Vodafone Romania subscribers 2008 - 2016
Table 85 Vodafone Romania voice traffic 2008 - 2016
Table 86 Vodafone Romania ARPU 2008 - 2016
Table 87 Vodafone Romania revenue 2009 - 2015
Table 88 Vodafone Romania mobile service revenue 2014 - 2017
Table 89 Orange Romania subscribers 2007 - 2016
Table 90 Orange Romania blended ARPU 2008 - 2016
Table 91 Orange Romania revenue 2014 - 2016
Table 92 Telekom Romania Mobile financial data 2006 - 2016
Table 93 Telekom Romania Mobile subscribers 2006 - 2016
Table 94 Telekom Romania Mobile Romania ARPU 2006 - 2016
Chart 1 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2017
Chart 2 Internet users and penetration 2010 2017
Chart 3 Fixed broadband subscribers by access type 2008 2016
Chart 4 Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2002 2017
Chart 5 UPC subscribers by service type 2006 2016
Chart 6 Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate 2005 2017
Chart 7 Vodafone Romania ARPU 2008 2016
Exhibit 1 The EU regulatory framework for communications
Exhibit 2 Access, the local loop and unbundling an overview
Exhibit 3 Overview of digital media

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