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  5. > The European Market for Plastic Sorting and Recycling: Locations, plants, backgrounds and market estimations

The demand for plastic recycling plants in Europe will increase significantly in the years to come: by 2025, sorting and recycling plants with an estimated capacity of 5.2 million tons will be commissioned. This is a growth of 25% and the number of plants will increase by about 300.

Today, Europe has almost 1,200 active plastic sorting and recycling plants. However, this portfolio will not be large enough as recycling becomes increasingly important.
The EU Waste Framework Directive will be the main market driver. By 2020, 50% of the plastic in MSW have to undergo material recovery. Almost no EU member state has yet reached this goal, which creates financial challenges for many countries.

South Europe has the largest market potential: France, Spain and Italy are three populous states with a lot of catching up to do.
Many European waste management systems that are considered as more advanced also do not yet reach MSW recycling quotas complying with the targets. This holds e.g. true for the Netherlands, Denmark, Austria, Sweden and Norway. These states have to withdraw plastic wastes from thermal recovery in order to increase their recycling quotas.
Many countries increase their sorting capacities by expanding or building additional plants at already existing sites.

Against this backdrop, ecoprog has analysed the plastic sorting and recycling plants throughout Europe and developed a market forecast on the basis of a transparent methodology.

The Analyst Version of the study “The European Market for Plastic Sorting and Recycling” includes:

-A valid estimation of the future market development by country, based on a transparent methodology.
-A competition analysis of the most important operators of sorting and recycling capacities in the European market.
-An overview of the most important plant technology and the cost dimensions within the plastic recycling industry.
-A sound explanation of the European legal framework.

Table Of Contents

The European Market for Plastic Sorting and Recycling: Locations, plants, backgrounds and market estimations
Preface 10
Management summary 11
1 Definitions 15
1.1 Plastic sorting and recycling in the waste management system 17
1.2 Differentiation within the value of plastic sorting and recycling 17
1.3 Geographical differentiation 19
2 Plant technology 20
2.1 Delivery/transport 21
2.2 Sorting 22
2.3 Shredding and cleaning 23
2.4 Completion of end products 25
3 Costs and revenues 26
3.1 Investment costs 26
3.2 Operational costs 27
3.3 Revenues 28
4 Legal framework and market conditions 31
4.1 Waste Framework Directive 31
4.2 Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive 33
4.3 Landfill Directive 36
4.4 Waste collection and separate collection 41
4.5 Competition by other types of disposal 48
4.6 EU waste legislation for after 2020 48
4.7 Development of plastic waste and recyclate prices 49
5 Plants and market 53
5.1 Plants 53
5.2 Market 62
6 Competition 66
6.1 Operators 66
6.2 Technology providers 70
7 National markets and plant sites 71
7.1 Austria 71
7.2 Belgium 75
7.3 Bulgaria 78
7.4 Croatia 82
7.5 Cyprus 85
7.6 Czech Republic 88
7.7 Denmark 92
7.8 Estonia 95
7.9 Finland 99
7.10 France 102
7.11 Germany 105
7.12 Greece 109
7.13 Hungary 112
7.14 Ireland 115
7.15 Italy 118
7.16 Latvia 121
7.17 Lithuania 124
7.18 Luxembourg 127
7.19 Malta 130
7.20 Netherlands 133
7.21 Norway 137
7.22 Poland 140
7.23 Portugal 145
7.24 Romania 149
7.25 Slovakia 152
7.26 Slovenia 155
7.27 Spain 158
7.28 Sweden 161
7.29 Switzerland 164
7.30 UK 168
Data sources and methodology 173
Glossary 176
Register technology providers 177

Figures

Figure 1: Plastics and Recycling-Codes 15
Figure 2: ecoprog-waste matrix 16
Figure 3: Value-added chain plastic recycling 18
Figure 4: Area under investigation 19
Figure 5: Scheme of a plastic recycling facility 20
Figure 6: Sorting technologies for plastic waste 22
Figure 7: Shredding 23
Figure 8: Shredding and Cleaning technologies 24
Figure 9: Common recyclate in plastic recycling facilites 25
Figure 10: Cost examples of plastic sorting plants in Europe 26
Figure 11: Operational costs of plant examples 27
Figure 12: Prices for pre-sorted plastic waste in Germany 28
Figure 13: Income structure examples for plastic recycling plants 29
Figure 14: Price development for secondary plastic raw materials in Germany 29
Figure 15: Development of the waste framework directive 32
Figure 16: Waste hierarchy in the EU 32
Figure 17: Material Recycling of Municipal Solid Waste in Europe 2013 33
Figure 18: Development of the EU-Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive 34
Figure 19: Material Recycling of plastic packaging waste in Europe in 2012 35
Figure 20: Development of the Landfill directive 36
Figure 21: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Europe 37
Figure 22: Reduction of landfilled biodegradable waste (third term) 38
Figure 23: Landfill Directive deadlines and reductions for complying with the 3rd deadline 39
Figure 24: Instruments for reducing landfilling in the EEA 40
Figure 25: Separate collection types in Europe 42
Figure 26: Separate collection schemes in Europe 44
Figure 27: Main separate collection systems in Europe 45
Figure 28: Value added chain plastic recycling for Polyethylen 50
Figure 29: Oil price development 2011-2015 50
Figure 30: Price development primary plastics in Germany 51
Figure 31: Prices for pre-sorted plastic waste in Germany 51
Figure 32: Plastic recyclate prices in Germany 52
Figure 33: Plastic sorting plants and capacities in Europe 53
Figure 34: Average plant size per region 54
Figure 35: The 6 most important countries for plastic sorting and recycling in Europe 54
Figure 36: Average plant size in relation to input source 55
Figure 37: Plants per region and input type 56
Figure 38: Final products of the European sorting plants per input material 57
Figure 39: Material Recycling of MSW and plastic packaging waste in Europa 58
Figure 40: Plastic sorting and recycling plants with capacities in Europe 59
Figure 41: Material recycling of MSW and plastic packaging waste on country level 60
Figure 42: Plastic waste share in MSW in European countries 61
Figure 43: Market potential in Europe 62
Figure 44: ecoprog market development index plastic recycling 63
Figure 45: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Europe 64
Figure 46: Most important operators of plastic recycling plants in Europe 66
Figure 47: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Austria 72
Figure 48: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Austria 72
Figure 49: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Belgium 75
Figure 50: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Belgium 76
Figure 51: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Bulgaria 78
Figure 52: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Bulgaria 79
Figure 53: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Croatia 82
Figure 54: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Cyprus 85
Figure 55: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Cyprus 86
Figure 56: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Czech Republic 88
Figure 57: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Czech Republic 89
Figure 58: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Denmark 92
Figure 59: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Denmark 93
Figure 60: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Germany 95
Figure 61: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Germany 96
Figure 62: Project outlook Germany 98
Figure 63: Competiton Germany 98
Figure 64: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Estonia 99
Figure 65: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Estonia 100
Figure 66: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Finland 102
Figure 67: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Finland 103
Figure 68: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in France 105
Figure 69: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in France 106
Figure 70: Competition France 108
Figure 71: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Greece 109
Figure 72: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Greece 110
Figure 73: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Hungary 112
Figure 74: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Hungary 113
Figure 75: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Ireland 115
Figure 76: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Ireland 116
Figure 77: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Italy 118
Figure 78: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Italy 119
Figure 79: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Latvia 121
Figure 80: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Latvia 122
Figure 81: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Lithuania 124
Figure 82: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Lithuania 125
Figure 83: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Luxembourg 127
Figure 84: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Luxembourg 128
Figure 85: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Malta 130
Figure 86: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Malta 131
Figure 87: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in the Netherlands 133
Figure 88: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in the Netherlands 134
Figure 89: Project outlook Netherlands 135
Figure 90: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Norway 137
Figure 91: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Norway 138
Figure 92: Project outlook Norway 139
Figure 93: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Poland 141
Figure 94: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Poland 142
Figure 95: Plants and Sizes in Poland 143
Figure 96: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Portugal 145
Figure 97: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Portugal 146
Figure 98: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Romania 149
Figure 99: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Romania 150
Figure 100: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Slovakia 152
Figure 101: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Slovakia 153
Figure 102: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Slovenia 155
Figure 103: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Slovenia 156
Figure 104: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Sweden 158
Figure 105: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Sweden 159
Figure 106: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Switzerland 161
Figure 107: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in Spain 164
Figure 108: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in Spain 165
Figure 109: Plants and input types in Spain 166
Figure 110: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in UK 168
Figure 111: Amounts and treatment of plastic packaging waste in UK 169
Figure 112: Average waste inputs in MRFs in UK 170
Figure 113: Project outlook United Kingdom 171
Figure 114: Competition in United Kingdom 172
Figure 115: Calculation of the ecoprog Market Index 175

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