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Ethiopia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

  • October 2016
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 37 pages

Ethio Telecom soon to connect to Gulf2Africa cable
Ethiopia is one of the last countries in Africa allowing its national telco, Ethio Telecom, a monopoly on all telecom services including fixed, mobile, internet and data communications. This monopolistic control has stifled innovation, restricted network expansion and limited the scope of services on offer. A management contract with Orange Group had dramatically improved performance for Ethio Telecom though there remain weaknesses in quality of service. Although the contract was considered a first step towards privatisation and the introduction of competition, the government in 2013 again rejected calls to privatise the incumbent and allow market competition, citing the need for higher profits from the company to subsidise an unrelated railway project.

Although there is considerable investment in telecoms services some $3.1 billion has been invested in telecom infrastructure and service expansion projects over the last decade the sector is heavily regulated and the government has complete control over networks, with virtually unlimited access to the call records of all phone users and to logs of internet traffic. Most of the technologies deployed have been provided by ZTE and Huawei, which have often been favoured for offering vendor financing.

Despite major vendor contracts aimed at improving the reach and capabilities of mobile networks, the country's mobile penetration remains among the lowest in the world. Nevertheless, growth is strong and considerable growth potential remains. Under the auspices of the government's Growth and Transformation Plan, the country could have some 103 million mobile subscribers by 2020, as well as 56 million internet subscribers.

The countrys broadband market is also set to develop further following massive increases in international bandwidth, improvements in national fibre backbone infrastructure and the growing availability of mobile broadband services via 3G and LTE networks. After years of low uptake due to prohibitive pricing, retail prices are now comparable to other more developed markets in the region.

Key developments:

Ethio Telecom partners with Gulf2Africa cable construction; government launches mobile apps as part of the e-Government Directorate; major changes anticipated in the second Growth and Development Plan to 2020; VAS licences issued; Ethio Telecom expands LTE reach, considers charging for OTT services; Ethio Telecom reports 33% increase in profit for H1 FY2016; international internet bandwidth increased 60% in 2015 to exceed 22Gb/s; significant improvements in broadband affordability; Huawei and ZTE share a $1.6 billion contract to develop mobile infrastructure; MetEC begins delivery of smart meters to Ethiopian Electric Utility.

Market penetration rates in Ethiopia's telecoms sector 2016 (e)
Penetration of telecoms services: | Penetration
Fixed-line telephony | 1.0%
Internet users | 4.2%
Mobile SIM (population) | 48.3%

Companies mentioned in this report:

Ethio Telecom (formerly Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation, ETC), EthioNet, Ethio Mobile, Orange Group, Tecno Telecom, Smadl, Tana Communication, Thuraya.

Table Of Contents

Ethiopia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses
1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Regulatory authority
5.2 Telecom service licences
5.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.4 Privatisation
6. Fixed network operator
6.1.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
6.1.2 Leased lines, data services
6.1.3 VSAT
6.1.4 Orange Group management contract
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.2 Overview of the national telecom network
7.3 Rural area network
7.4 National backbone network
7.5 Next Generation Network (NGN)
7.6 Network development plan 2007-2012
7.7 Growth and development Plans I and II
7.8 International infrastructure
8. Smart infrastructure
9. Fixed-line broadband market
9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.2 Broadband statistics
9.2.1 Forecast broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
9.3 National connectivity
9.4 Public internet access locations
9.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies
9.5.1 Fixed wireless
10. Digital economy
10.1 E-government
10.2 E-learning
11. Mobile market
11.1 Market analysis
11.2 Mobile statistics
11.2.1 General statistics
11.2.2 Mobile data
11.3 Mobile broadband
11.4 Forecast mobile subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
11.5 Mobile operator
11.5.1 Ethio Mobile
11.6 Mobile infrastructure
11.6.1 Digital networks
11.6.2 Other infrastructure developments
11.7 Mobile content and applications
11.7.1 m-banking
11.8 Mobile handsets
11.8.1 Local handset manufacturing
12. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Ethiopia 2016 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2016 (e)
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2016
Table 4 Internet and social media user statistics 2016 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2016 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1995 - 2009
Table 8 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010 - 2017
Table 9 Growth development Plan I and II objectives 2015; 2020
Table 10 International internet bandwidth 2000 - 2015
Table 11 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1996 - 2009
Table 12 Internet users and penetration rate 2010 - 2017
Table 14 Historic - Internet subscribers 1997 - 2009
Table 15 Broadband subscribers 2003 - 2017
Table 16 Forecast broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
Table 17 Ethio Telecom capped DSL pricing 2016
Table 18 Ethio-Telecom EV-DO wireless broadband pricing 2016
Table 19 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1999 - 2009
Table 20 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2017
Table 21 SMS messages sent 2010 - 2017
Table 22 Active mobile broadband subscribers 2009 - 2017
Table 23 Forecast mobile subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
Table 24 Ethio Telecom 3G and LTE pricing 2016
Chart 1 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2017
Chart 2 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 2017
Chart 3 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2017

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