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Bulgaria - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

  • November 2015
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 18 pages

Bulgaria's telecoms market in recent years has been affected by the country's poor macroeconomic climate, which has contributed to steadily declining revenue across the sector since 2008. This has been exacerbated by consumer trends which have seen the continuing decline in the fixed-line sector as voice is replaced by mobile and VoIP alternatives. In addition, SMS and MMS services are being pressed by the growing use of alternative OTT messaging, so eroding an important revenue stream for mobile networks operators. These can also now expect a further reduction in roaming revenue following the decision by the European commission to bring international roaming rates in line with domestic rates. Nevertheless, there are considerable opportunities for telcos further to develop popular bundled packages.

The telecom sector has also benefitted from Bulgaria's adoption of EU regulatory measures, which has encouraged investment in the sector from other telcos as well as private equity firms. The incumbent Vivacom has been privatised, and the government no longer holds the golden share' which had enabled it to veto certain key decisions. In October 2015 Vivacom's owners VTB Capital hired consultants to advise it on the sale of the operator. Although the liberalised market has attracted new market entrants, Vivacom remains the dominant player, though in the mobile sector it is on a par with Telenor Bulgaria in terms of subscribers share.

This report provides an overview of Bulgaria's growing fixed-line telecom market, and includes information on regulatory developments, major operators and fixed-line networks, as well as a variety of statistics and data.


Key developments:
VTB Capital planning for the sale of Vivacom; regulator signs MoU with Montenegrin telecom regulator for cooperate on reducing cost of telecom services; MobilTel covers one million households with fixed network; steady growth in new entrant fixed-lines; amended Electronic Communications Act focused on enhancing regulator's powers; further draft amendments to provide regulator with additional powers; Vestitel begins building second Greece-Bulgaria fibre link; regulator's market data updates for 2014; telcos' operating and financial data to Q3 2015; recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report include:
Vivacom, Orbitel, Vestitel, MobilTel.

Table Of Contents

Bulgaria - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses
1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Revised NFR
5.3 Regulatory authority
5.4 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.5 Privatisation
5.6 Interconnect
5.6.1 Access
5.7 Number Portability (NP)
5.8 Carrier selection/Carrier PreSelection
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Vivacom/Bulgarian Telecommunications Company (BTC)
6.3 Orbitel
6.4 Vestitel
6.5 MobilTel
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 International networks
8. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics 2015 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2015 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2015 (e)
Table 4 Fixed-line broadband subscriber statistics 2015 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2015 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom sector revenue, annual change 2006 - 2015
Table 8 Telecom sector revenue by service 2008 - 2014
Table 9 Proportion of telecom sector revenue by service 2011 - 2014
Table 10 Fixed-voice revenue by type 2011 - 2014
Table 11 BTC interconnection rates 2006 - 2009
Table 12 Cost of local loop unbundling and shared access 2006 - 2009
Table 13 Cumulative fixed number portings 2009 - 2012
Table 14 Vivacom financial data 2003 - 2015
Table 15 Vivacom financial data by sector 2010 - 2015
Table 16 Vivacom subscribers by sector 2012 - 2015
Table 17 MobilTel fixed-telephony and broadband subscribers 2011 - 2015
Table 18 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2000 - 2015
Table 19 International bandwidth 2000 - 2014
Chart 1 Telecom sector revenue by service 2008 2014
Chart 2 Vivacom financial data 2003 2015
Chart 3 Vivacom financial data by sector 2010 2015
Chart 4 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2000 2015
Exhibit 1 The EU regulatory framework for communications
Exhibit 2 Access, the local loop and unbundling an overview

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