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  3. > Free Space Optics and Visible Light Communication Market by Component, Application, and by Geography - Global forecast to 2020

The FSO market entered the growth phase, whereas the VLC market entered the introductory phase:
The market for FSO is in the growth phase, while the market for VLC is currently in the introductory phase; both the markets are expected to grow further in the coming years. The FSO market is expected to grow from USD 116.7 million in 2015 to USD 940.2 million by 2020, at a CAGR of 51.8% during the forecast period. The VLC market is expected to grow from USD 327.8 million in 2015 to USD 8.50 billion by 2020, at a CAGR of 91.8% between 2015 and 2020. The factors driving the FSO market are last mile connectivity, license-free, and alternative solution of overburdened RF technology for outdoor networking. On the other hand, the growth of the VLC market is driven by the factors such as faster and safer data transfer than other competing technologies, RF spectrum bandwidth crunch, no bandwidth limitation, less energy consumption, and greener, cleaner, and safer technology.

Breakdown of profile of primary participants:
- By Company Type: Tier 1 - 55 %, Tier 2 - 20% and Tier 3 - 25%
- By Designation: C level - 60%, Director level - 25%, Others - 15%
- By Region: North America - 10%, Europe - 20%, APAC - 40%, RoW - 30%

Commercialization of the technology for two-way communication is the key opportunity for the VLC market:
The ongoing research for overcoming the problem of signal fading due to environmental interference can generate new opportunities for the FSO market such as affordable extension in existing fiber network, increasing number of space research programs, and replacement of old technologies with FSO technology for enterprise connectivity. However, factors such as global acceptance by the electronic devices manufacturers, commercialization of the technology for two-way communication, and government funding can generate huge opportunities for VLC market in the near future.

Total 10 players/companies profiled in the report.

The report will help the market leaders/new entrants in this market in the following ways:

1. This report segments the FSO & VLC market comprehensively and provides the closest approximations of the revenue numbers for the overall market and the subsegments across the different verticals and regions.
2. The report helps stakeholders to understand the pulse of the market and provides them information on key market drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities.
3. This report will help stakeholders to better understand the competitor and gain more insights to better their position in the business. The competitive landscape section includes competitor ecosystem, new product developments, partnerships, mergers and acquisitions.

Table Of Contents

Free Space Optics and Visible Light Communication Market by Component, Application, and by Geography - Global forecast to 2020
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION 17
1.1 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 17
1.2 MARKET DEFINITION 17
1.3 STUDY SCOPE 18
1.3.1 MARKETS COVERED 18
1.3.2 YEARS CONSIDERED FOR THE STUDY 19
1.4 CURRENCY 20
1.5 LIMITATIONS 20
1.6 MARKET STAKEHOLDERS 20
2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 21
2.1 RESEARCH DATA 21
2.1.1 SECONDARY DATA 22
2.1.1.1 Key data from secondary sources 22
2.1.2 PRIMARY DATA 22
2.1.2.1 Key data from primary sources 23
2.1.2.2 Key industry insights 24
2.1.2.3 Breakdown of primaries 24
2.2 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 25
2.2.1 BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 26
2.2.2 TOP-DOWN APPROACH 27
2.3 MARKET BREAKDOWN AND DATA TRIANGULATION 28
2.4 RESEARCH ASSUMPTIONS 29
3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 30
4 PREMIUM INSIGHTS 35
4.1 ATTRACTIVE MARKET OPPORTUNITIES IN THE GLOBAL FSO and VLC MARKETS 35
4.2 MAJOR COMPONENTS OF VLC SYSTEM 35
4.3 FSO and VLC MARKETS, BY APPLICATION 36
4.4 REGIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE FSO MARKET 37
4.5 VLC MARKET LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS, BY REGION (2015) 37
5 MARKET OVERVIEW 39
5.1 INTRODUCTION 39
5.2 HISTORY AND EVOLUTION OF OWC 41
5.3 FSO MARKET 44
5.3.1 INTRODUCTION 44
5.3.2 WORKING 45
5.3.3 MARKET SEGMENTATION 46
5.3.3.1 By application 47
5.3.3.2 By region 48
5.4 MARKET DYNAMICS 48
5.4.1 DRIVERS 49
5.4.1.1 Last mile connectivity 49
5.4.1.2 No licensing required 49
5.4.1.3 Alternative solution to overburdened RF technology for outdoor networking 49
5.4.2 RESTRAINTS 50
5.4.2.1 Degradation of signals due to environmental interference 50
5.4.3 OPPORTUNITIES 51
5.4.3.1 Affordable extension in existing fiber network 51
5.4.3.2 Increasing number of space research programs 51
5.4.3.3 Replacement of old technologies with FSO technology for enterprise connectivity 51
5.4.4 CHALLENGES 52
5.4.4.1 Reliability issues due to fading of signals during propagation 52
5.5 VLC MARKET 52
5.5.1 INTRODUCTION 52
5.5.2 WORKING 54
5.5.3 MARKET SEGMENTATION 55
5.5.3.1 By type 55
5.5.3.2 By application 56
5.5.3.3 By geography 57
5.5.4 MARKET DYNAMICS 57
5.5.4.1 Drivers 58
5.5.4.1.1 Faster and safer data transfer than other competing technologies 58
5.5.4.1.2 RF spectrum bandwidth crunch 58
5.5.4.1.3 No bandwidth limitation and less energy consumption 59
5.5.4.1.4 Greener, cleaner, and safer technology 59
5.5.4.2 Restraints 59
5.5.4.2.1 Dominance of competing technologies 59
5.5.4.2.2 Short range and requirement of direct LOS 60
5.5.4.3 Opportunities 61
5.5.4.3.1 Global acceptance by electronic device manufacturers 61
5.5.4.3.2 Commercialization of the technology for two-way communication 61
5.5.4.3.3 Government funding 61
5.5.4.4 Challenges 62
5.5.4.4.1 Lack of technological awareness 62
6 INDUSTRY TRENDS 63
6.1 INTRODUCTION 63
6.2 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS 63
6.3 PORTER'S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS 65
6.3.1 THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS 67
6.3.2 THREAT OF SUBSTITUTES 68
6.3.3 BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS 69
6.3.4 BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS 70
6.3.5 COMPETITIVE RIVALRY 71
7 FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET 72
7.1 INTRODUCTION 73
7.2 FSO MARKET, BY APPLICATION 73
7.2.1 MOBILE BACKHAUL 75
7.2.2 ENTERPRISE CONNECTIVITY 78
7.2.3 DISASTER RECOVERY 79
7.2.4 DEFENSE 80
7.2.5 SATELLITE 82
7.2.6 HEALTHCARE 84
7.2.7 SECURITY 85
7.2.8 ENGINEERING AND DESIGN 87
7.2.9 OTHERS 88
7.3 FSO MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY 89
7.3.1 AMERICAS 91
7.3.2 EUROPE 93
7.3.3 ASIA-PACIFIC 95
7.3.4 REST OF THE WORLD 96
8 VISIBLE LIGHT COMMUNICATION MARKET 98
8.1 INTRODUCTION 99
8.2 VLC MARKET, BY COMPONENT 99
8.2.1 LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE 101
8.2.1.1 Phosphorus LEDs 102
8.2.1.2 Red green blue LEDs 103
8.2.1.3 Resonant cavity LEDs 103
8.2.1.4 Organic LEDs 104
8.2.1.5 Microlens LEDs 104
8.2.1.6 Near-infrared or ultraviolet LEDs 104
8.2.2 PHOTODETECTOR 106
8.2.2.1 Photodiode 106
8.2.2.2 Image sensor 107

8.2.3 MICROCONTROLLER 108
8.2.3.1 Modulator and demodulator 109
8.2.3.1.1 Modulation 109
8.2.3.1.1.1 Pulse width modulation (PWM) 109
8.2.3.1.1.2 Pulse position modulation (PPM) 109
8.2.3.1.1.3 Variable pulse position modulation (VPPM) 109
8.2.3.1.1.4 Pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) 109
8.2.3.1.1.5 Color shift keying (CSK) 110
8.2.3.1.1.6 Frequency shift keying (FSK) 110
8.2.3.1.1.7 Orthogonal frequency division multiplex (OFDM) 110
8.2.3.1.1.8 Spatial Modulation (SM) 110
8.2.3.1.2 Demodulation 110
8.2.3.1.2.1 Diode detector: 110
8.2.3.1.2.2 Synchronous detector: 111
8.2.4 SOFTWARE 113
8.3 VLC MARKET, BY APPLICATION 114
8.3.1 SMART STORE 117
8.3.2 CONSUMER ELECTRONICS 118
8.3.2.1 Residential 121
8.3.2.2 Commercial 122
8.3.3 DEFENSE AND SECURITY 123
8.3.4 VEHICLE AND TRANSPORTATION 124
8.3.4.1 Vehicle-to-vehicle communication 127
8.3.4.2 Location-based service 127
8.3.4.3 Intelligent transportation system 129
8.3.4.3.1 Advanced traffic management system 129
8.3.4.3.2 Advanced traveler information system 130
8.3.4.3.3 Vehicle-to-infrastructure communications 130
8.3.4.3.4 Advanced public transportation system 130
8.3.5 AVIATION 131
8.3.6 HOSPITAL 134
8.3.6.1 Asset tracking 136
8.3.6.2 Patient tracking 137
8.3.6.3 Data monitoring 137
8.3.7 UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION 138
8.3.8 HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENT 140
8.3.9 OTHERS 142
8.3.9.1 Street lights 145
8.3.9.2 Museums 146
8.3.9.3 Digital signage 146
8.3.9.4 Hotels and casinos 147
8.3.9.5 Logistics 148
8.4 VLC MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY 148
8.4.1 AMERICAS 149
8.4.2 EUROPE 151
8.4.3 ASIA-PACIFIC 153
8.4.4 REST OF THE WORLD 155
9 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 157
9.1 OVERVIEW 157
9.2 MARKET RANKING ANALYSIS 158
9.3 COMPETITIVE SCENARIO 160
9.3.1 NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES 161
9.3.2 ACQUISITIONS, AGREEMENTS, COLLABORATIONS, AND PARTNERSHIPS 162
10 COMPANY PROFILES 164
(Overview, Products and Services, Financials, Strategy and Development)*
10.1 FSO MARKET PLAYERS 164
10.1.1 LIGHTPOINTE COMMUNICATIONS, INC. 164
10.1.2 FSONA NETWORKS CORP. 167
10.1.3 CANON INC. 170
10.1.4 PLAINTREE SYSTEMS INC. 172
10.1.5 WIRELESS EXCELLENCE LIMITED 174
10.1.6 AOPTIX TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 175
10.1.7 COMMUNICATION BY LIGHT GMBH 177
10.1.8 PAV DATA SYSTEMS LTD. 178
10.1.9 TRIMBLE HUNGARY KFT. 179
10.1.10 OPTELIX WIRELESS 181
10.2 VLC MARKET PLAYERS 182
10.2.1 KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V. 182
10.2.2 GENERAL ELECTRIC CO. 185
10.2.3 BYTELIGHT, INC. 188
10.2.4 QUALCOMM INC. 190
10.2.5 PANASONIC CORP. 192
10.2.6 FUJITSU LTD. 194
10.2.7 RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORP. 196
10.2.8 LVX SYSTEM 198
10.2.9 OLEDCOMM 199
10.2.10 PURELIFI LTD. 200
10.2.11 LIGHTBEE CORP. 202
10.2.12 OUTSTANDING TECHNOLOGY CORP. 204
10.2.13 AXRTEK 205

10.2.14 IBSENTELECOM LTD. 206
10.2.15 SUPREME ARCHITECTURE INC. 207
*Details on Overview, Products and Services, Financials, Strategy and Development might not be Captured in case of Unlisted Companies.
11 APPENDIX 208
11.1 INSIGHTS OF INDUSTRY EXPERTS 208
11.2 DISCUSSION GUIDE 209
11.3 INTRODUCING RT: REAL-TIME MARKET INTELLIGENCE 213
11.4 AVAILABLE CUSTOMIZATIONS 215
11.5 RELATED REPORTS 215



LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 1 LED VS. LASER 41
TABLE 2 RONJA MODELS 42
TABLE 3 IRDA STANDARDS 43
TABLE 4 FSO VS. OTHER COMPETING TECHNOLOGIES 45
TABLE 5 ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS OF FSO 46
TABLE 6 POWER LOSS IN FSO SYSTEM DUE TO ENVIRONMENTAL INTERFERENCE 50
TABLE 7 RF VERSUS FSO FOR SPACE PROGRAMS 51
TABLE 8 VLC VS. RF TECHNOLOGY 53
TABLE 9 VLC VS. WI-FI 60
TABLE 10 PORTER'S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS WITH THEIR WEIGHTAGE IMPACT 66
TABLE 11 FSO MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 73
TABLE 12 TECHNOLOGIES USED BY MOBILE BACKHAUL 75
TABLE 13 CAPACITY OF VARIOUS MOBILE BACKHAUL TECHNOLOGIES 75
TABLE 14 ADVANTAGES OF FSO AS MOBILE CARRIER BACKHAUL 76
TABLE 15 FSO MARKET SIZE FOR MOBILE BACKHAUL APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 76
TABLE 16 FSO MARKET SIZE FOR ENTERPRISE CONNECTIVITY APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 78
TABLE 17 FSO MARKET SIZE FOR DISASTER RECOVERY APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 79
TABLE 18 FSO MARKET SIZE FOR DEFENSE APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 81
TABLE 19 FSO MARKET SIZE FOR SATELLITE APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 82
TABLE 20 FSO MARKET SIZE FOR HEALTHCARE APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 84
TABLE 21 FSO MARKET SIZE FOR SECURITY APPLICATION, BYREGION,
2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 86
TABLE 22 FSO MARKET SIZE FOR ENGINEERING AND DESIGN APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 87
TABLE 23 FSO MARKET SIZE FOR OTHER APPLICATIONS, BY REGION,
2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 88
TABLE 24 FSO MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 89
TABLE 25 FSO MARKET SIZE IN THE AMERICAS, BY APPLICATION,
2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 92
TABLE 26 FSO MARKET SIZE IN EUROPE, BY APPLICATION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 94
TABLE 27 FSO MARKET SIZE IN APAC, BY APPLICATION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 95
TABLE 28 FSO MARKET SIZE IN ROW, BY APPLICATION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 96
TABLE 29 VLC MARKET SIZE, BY COMPONENT, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 99
TABLE 30 COMPARISON BETWEEN LED, INCANDESCENT, AND FLUORESCENT LAMPS 101
TABLE 31 CHARACTERISTICS OF PHOSPHORUS LED 102
TABLE 32 CHARACTERISTICS OF RGB LED 103
TABLE 33 CHARACTERISTICS OF RCLED 103
TABLE 34 CHARACTERISTICS OF OLEDS 104
TABLE 35 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR LED, BY APPLICATION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 105
TABLE 36 COMPARISON BETWEEN CCD AND CMOS SENSORS 107
TABLE 37 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR PHOTODETECTOR, BY APPLICATION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 107
TABLE 38 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR MICROCONTROLLER, BY APPLICATION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 111
TABLE 39 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR SOFTWARE, BY APPLICATION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 113
TABLE 40 VLC MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 115
TABLE 41 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR SMART STORES APPLICATION, BY COMPONENT,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 117
TABLE 42 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR SMART STORES APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 117
TABLE 43 VLC MARKET SIZE, BY CONSUMER ELECTRONICS APPLICATION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 119
TABLE 44 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS APPLICATION, BY COMPONENT, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 120
TABLE 45 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS APPLICATION, BYREGION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 120
TABLE 46 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR RESIDENTIAL APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 121
TABLE 47 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR COMMERCIAL APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 122
TABLE 48 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR DEFENSE AND SECURITY APPLICATION, BY COMPONENT, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 123
TABLE 49 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR DEFENSE AND SECURITY APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 123
TABLE 50 VLC MARKET SIZE, BY VEHICLE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 124
TABLE 51 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR VEHICLE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATION,
BY COMPONENT, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 125
TABLE 52 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR VEHICLE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 126
TABLE 53 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR VEHICLE-TO-VEHICLE COMMUNICATION APPLICATION, BYREGION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 127
TABLE 54 COMPARISON OF POSITION DETECTION WITH VARIOUS TECHNOLOGIES 128
TABLE 55 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR LOCATION-BASED SERVICE APPLICATION, BYREGION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 129
TABLE 56 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS APPLICATION,
BY REGION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 131
TABLE 57 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR AVIATION APPLICATION, BY COMPONENT,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 132
TABLE 58 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR AVIATION APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 133
TABLE 59 VLC MARKET SIZE, BY HOSPITAL APPLICATION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 134
TABLE 60 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR HOSPITAL APPLICATION, BY COMPONENT,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 135
TABLE 61 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR HOSPITAL APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 135
TABLE 62 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR ASSET TRACKING APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 136
TABLE 63 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR PATIENT TRACKING APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 137
TABLE 64 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR DATA MONITORING APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 138
TABLE 65 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION APPLICATION,
BY COMPONENT, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 139
TABLE 66 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 139
TABLE 67 FSO MARKET SIZE FOR ENGINEERING AND DESIGN APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 140
TABLE 68 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENT APPLICATION, BY REGION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 141
TABLE 69 VLC MARKET SIZE, BY OTHER APPLICATIONS, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 142
TABLE 70 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR OTHER APPLICATIONS, BY COMPONENT,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 143
TABLE 71 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR OTHER APPLICATIONS, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 144
TABLE 72 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR STREET LIGHTS APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 145
TABLE 73 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR MUSEUMS APPLICATION, BYREGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 146
TABLE 74 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR DIGITAL SIGNAGE APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 146
TABLE 75 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR HOTELS AND CASINOS APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 147
TABLE 76 VLC MARKET SIZE FOR LOGISTICS APPLICATION, BY REGION,
2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 148
TABLE 77 VLC MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 148
TABLE 78 AMERICAS: VLC MARKET SIZE , BY APPLICATION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 151
TABLE 79 EUROPE: VLC MARKET SIZE , BY APPLICATION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 152
TABLE 80 VLC MARKET SIZE IN APAC, BY APPLICATION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 154
TABLE 81 VLC MARKET SIZE IN ROW, BY APPLICATION, 2015-2020 (USD MILLION) 156
TABLE 82 MARKET RANKING OF THE TOP 5 PLAYERS IN THE FSO MARKET, 2014 158
TABLE 83 MARKET RANKING OF THE TOP 5 PLAYERS IN THE VLC MARKET, 2015 159
TABLE 84 NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES IN FSO MARKET, JANUARY 2013 TO OCTOBER 2015 161
TABLE 85 NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES IN VLC MARKET, JANUARY 2013 TO OCTOBER 2015 162
TABLE 86 ACQUISITIONS, AGREEMENTS, COLLABORATIONS, AND PARTNERSHIPS IN FSO MARKET, JANUARY 2013 TO OCTOBER 2015 162
TABLE 87 ACQUISITIONS, AGREEMENTS, COLLABORATIONS, AND PARTNERSHIPS IN VLC MARKET, JANUARY 2013 TO OCTOBER 2015 163



LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE 1 FSO and VLC MARKET: RESEARCH DESIGN 21
FIGURE 2 PROCESS FLOW OF MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 25
FIGURE 3 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY: BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 26
FIGURE 4 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY: TOP-DOWN APPROACH 27
FIGURE 5 MARKET BREAKDOWN and DATA TRIANGULATION 28
FIGURE 6 ASSUMPTIONS OF THE RESEARCH STUDY 29
FIGURE 7 HEALTHCARE ESTIMATED TO BE THE FASTEST-GROWING APPLICATION OF FSO THROUGHOUT THE FORECAST PERIOD 31
FIGURE 8 LED HOLDS THE MAJOR SHARE OF THE VLC COMPONENT MARKET THROUGHOUT THE FORECAST PERIOD 32
FIGURE 9 HOSPITAL AND VEHICLE and TRANSPORTATION: THE TWO MOST PROMISING APPLICATIONS OF VLC 33
FIGURE 10 APAC LIKELY TO BE THE FASTEST-GROWING REGION IN BOTH THE FSO and VLC MARKETS DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD 34
FIGURE 11 STANDARDIZATION OF THE TECHNOLOGY—THE NEED OF VLC MARKET TODAY 35
FIGURE 12 LED WOULD CONTINUE TO DOMINATE THE VLC MARKET DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD 35
FIGURE 13 MOBILE BACKHAUL FOR FSO AND SMART STORES FOR VLC HOLD THE LARGEST MARKET SHARES IN 2016 36
FIGURE 14 EUROPE HOLDS THE LARGEST SHARE OF THE FSO MARKET IN 2015 37
FIGURE 15 AMERICAS MARKET STILL IN THE INTRODUCTION PHASE 37
FIGURE 16 CHARACTERISTICS OF OWC TECHNOLOGIES 40
FIGURE 17 OVERVIEW OF THE OWC TECHNOLOGY 41
FIGURE 18 FSO MARKET SEGMENTATION 46
FIGURE 19 FSO MARKET SEGMENTATION: BY APPLICATION 47
FIGURE 20 FSO MARKET SEGMENTATION: BY REGION 48
FIGURE 21 FSO PROVIDES AN ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION TO THE OVERBURDENED RF TECHNOLOGY FOR OUTDOOR COMMUNICATION 48
FIGURE 22 DATA FLOW PROCESS 54
FIGURE 23 VLC MARKET SEGMENTATION 55
FIGURE 24 VLC MARKET SEGMENTATION: BY COMPONENT 55
FIGURE 25 VLC MARKET SEGMENTATION: BY APPLICATION 56
FIGURE 26 VLC MARKET SEGMENTATION: BY REGION 57
FIGURE 27 COMMERCIALIZATION OF THE TECHNOLOGY FOR BIDIRECTIONAL COMMUNICATION PRESENTS MAJOR OPPORTUNITY FOR THE VLC MARKET 57
FIGURE 28 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS: MAJOR VALUE IS ADDED DURING THE RESEARCH, DESIGN, AND DEVELOPMENT AND ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING PHASE 63
FIGURE 29 PORTER'S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS 65
FIGURE 30 WITH THE COMMERCIALIZATION OF VLC TECHNOLOGY AS AN INDOOR NETWORKING SOLUTION, COMPETITIVE RIVALRY IS HIGH 66
FIGURE 31 THE IMPACT OF THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS IS CURRENTLY MEDIUM DUE TO HIGH RandD EXPENSES AND PRESENCE OF PROMINENT PLAYERS 67
FIGURE 32 SWITCHING COST IS THE MAJOR FACTOR SUPPORTING THE SUBSTITUTE'S MARKET 68
FIGURE 33 SUPPLIER CONCENTRATION AND IMPORTANCE OF VOLUME TO SUPPLIER HIGHLY IMPACT SUPPLIERS' POWER 69
FIGURE 34 AVAILABILITY OF SUBSTITUTES AND HIGH SWITCHING COST ARE THE ONLY FACTORS SUPPORTING THE BUYER'S BARGAINING POWER 70
FIGURE 35 INTENSITY OF COMPETITIVE RIVALRY EXPECTED TO BE HIGH DUE TO HIGH INDUSTRY GROWTH RATE 71
FIGURE 36 HEALTHCARE APPLICATION EXPECTED TO BE THE FASTEST-GROWING IN THE FSO MARKET 74
FIGURE 37 COMPARISON OF MOBILE BACKHAUL APPLICATION IN THE FSO MARKET,
2015 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 77
FIGURE 38 COMPARISON OF ENTERPRISE CONNECTIVITY APPLICATION IN THE FSO MARKET, 2015 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 79
FIGURE 39 COMPARISON OF DISASTER RECOVERY APPLICATION IN THE FSO MARKET,
2015 VS. 2020 80
FIGURE 40 COMPARISON OF DEFENSE APPLICATION IN THE FSO MARKET,
2015 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 82
FIGURE 41 COMPARISON OF SATELLITE APPLICATION IN THE FSO MARKET,
2015 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 83
FIGURE 42 COMPARISON OF HEALTHCARE APPLICATION IN THE FSO MARKET,
2015 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 85
FIGURE 43 COMPARISON OF SECURITY APPLICATION IN THE FSO MARKET,
2015 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 86
FIGURE 44 COMPARISON OF ENGINEERING AND DESIGN APPLICATION IN THE FSO MARKET, 2015 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 87
FIGURE 45 COMPARISON OF OTHER APPLICATIONS IN THE FSO MARKET,
2015 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 89
FIGURE 46 GEOGRAPHIC SNAPSHOT OF THE FSO MARKET 90
FIGURE 47 FSO MARKET SNAPSHOT OF THE AMERICAS 91
FIGURE 48 FSO MARKET SNAPSHOT OF EUROPE 93
FIGURE 49 FSO MARKET SNAPSHOT OF APAC 95
FIGURE 50 FSO MARKET SNAPSHOT OF ROW 96
FIGURE 51 PHOTODETECTOR EXPECTED TO BE THE FASTEST-GROWING COMPONENT IN THE VLC MARKET 100
FIGURE 52 COMPARISON OF APPLICATIONS IN THE VLC MARKET FOR LEDS,
2017 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 106
FIGURE 53 COMPARISON OF APPLICATIONS IN THE VLC MARKET FOR PHOTODETECTOR,
2017 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 108
FIGURE 54 COMPARISON OF APPLICATIONS IN VLC MARKET FOR MICROCONTROLLER,
2017 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 112
FIGURE 55 COMPARISON OF APPLICATIONS IN THE VLC MARKET FOR SOFTWARE,
2017 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 114
FIGURE 56 HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMNET EXPECTED TO BE THE FASTEST-GROWING APPLICATION IN VLC MARKET 116
FIGURE 57 COMPARISON OF REGIONS IN THE VLC MARKET FOR SMART STORES APPLICATION, 2015 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 118
FIGURE 58 COMPARISON OF CONSUMER ELECTRONICS APPLICATION IN THE VLC MARKET, 2017 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 119
FIGURE 59 COMPARISON OF REGIONS IN THE VLC MARKET FOR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS APPLICATION, 2015 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 121
FIGURE 60 COMPARISON OF REGIONS IN THE VLC MARKET FOR DEFENSE AND SECURITY APPLICATION, 2016 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 124
FIGURE 61 COMPARISON OF VEHICLE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATION IN THE VLC MARKET, 2017 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 125
FIGURE 62 COMPARISON OF REGION IN THE VLC MARKET FOR VEHICLE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATION, 2016 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 126
FIGURE 63 COMPARISON OF REGION IN THE VLC MARKET FOR AVIATION APPLICATION,
2017 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 133
FIGURE 64 COMPARISON OF HOSPITAL APPLICATION IN THE VLC MARKET,
2017 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 134
FIGURE 65 COMPARISON OF REGIONS IN THE VLC MARKET FOR HOSPITAL APPLICATION, 2017 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 136
FIGURE 66 COMPARISON OF REGIONS IN THE VLC MARKET FOR UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION APPLICATION, 2017 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 140
FIGURE 67 COMPARISON OF REGIONS IN THE VLC MARKET FOR HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENT APPLICATION, 2017 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 141
FIGURE 68 COMPARISON OF OTHER APPLICATIONS IN THE VLC MARKET,
2015 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 143
FIGURE 69 COMPARISON OF REGION IN THE VLC MARKET FOR OTHER APPLICATIONS,
2015 VS. 2020 (USD MILLION) 144
FIGURE 70 GEOGRAPHIC SNAPSHOT OF THE VLC MARKET 149
FIGURE 71 VLC MARKET SNAPSHOT OF THE AMERICAS 150
FIGURE 72 VLC MARKET SNAPSHOT OF EUROPE 152
FIGURE 73 VLC MARKET SNAPSHOT OF APAC 153
FIGURE 74 VLC MARKET SNAPSHOT OF ROW 155
FIGURE 75 THE KEY GROWTH STRATEGIES ADOPTED BY THE FSO and VLC PLAYERS, BETWEEN JANUARY 2013 AND OCTOBER 2015 157
FIGURE 76 FSO MARKET EVALUATION FRAMEWORK 160
FIGURE 77 BATTLE FOR THE MARKET SHARE 160
FIGURE 78 LIGHTPOINTE COMMUNICATIONS, INC.: SWOT ANALYSIS 166
FIGURE 79 FSONA NETWORKS CORP.: SWOT ANALYSIS 169
FIGURE 80 CANON INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 170
FIGURE 81 PLAINTREE SYSTEMS INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 172
FIGURE 82 KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 182
FIGURE 83 KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.: SWOT ANALYSIS 184
FIGURE 84 GENERAL ELECTRIC CO.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 185
FIGURE 85 GENERAL ELECTRIC: SWOT ANALYSIS 187
FIGURE 86 ACUITY BRANDS, INC.: SWOT ANALYSIS 189
FIGURE 87 QUALCOMM INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 190
FIGURE 88 PANASONIC CORP.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 192
FIGURE 89 FUJITSU LTD. : COMPANY SNAPSHOT 194
FIGURE 90 RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORP.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 196

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