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Colombia - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

  • November 2016
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 27 pages

Colombia's telecom infrastructure is reasonably well developed in the main business centres, where service availability is relatively high by regional standards.

However, infrastructure remains poor in small urban centres and rural areas. The government has endeavoured to address this with a number of public programs, and has facilitated the entry of operators to the mobile market in a bid to improve competition and extend the availability of mobile broadband services nationally.

The main regulatory instruments in the telecom sector are the Convergence Decree and the ICT Law. The first sets out the rules attached to the Convergence Licence. It also requires telcos with dominant market position to provide wholesale services and unbundling. The second promotes universal access, ensures free competition and the efficient use of infrastructure and spectrum, and above all, it strengthens consumer protection.

The fastest growing sector is in mobile broadband based on LTE infrastructure, as well as fixed broadband in the cable and fibre markets. Fixed-line teledensity in Colombia is well below the Latin American average.

Colombia has about 20 local telephony providers, operating municipally, regionally, or nationally. Many of these started as private companies, but later became public concerns owned by their respective municipalities. The number of lines in service continues to fall steadily, with customers abandoning traditional phones in favour of mobile handsets. As in other Latin American countries, most of the existing fixed telephone lines are concentrated in the larger cities, leaving the rest of the population under-serviced.

This report provides an overview of Colombia's telecom infrastructure and regulatory environment, together with profiles of the major fixed-line operators and a range of market statistics and analyses.

Key developments:

Bogota prepares to sell its 88% interest in the local telco ETB; Level 3 Communications announces plans for a new 400Gb/s spur to the SAC cable; Azteca completes 20,500km terrestrial cable connecting 80% of the country; EPM Bogotá merges with UNE; Telmex Colombia adopts the Claro brand; new rules from the Communication Regulation Commission prevent telcos signing exclusive use agreements on infrastructure in buildings; América Móvil makes commercial use of its AMX-1 submarine cable; report update includes the regulator's market data to Q2 2016, telcos' operating and financial data to Q3 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Movistar/Telefónica, Claro (Telmex/Comcel), UNE-EPM, Emcali, Tigo, Avantel, Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Santa Fe de Bogotá (ETB), Emcali, Telebucaramanga, Telefónica de Pereira, Edatel.

Table Of Contents

Colombia - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses
1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Historical overview
4.2 Market analysis
4.3 Closing the digital divide
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Regulatory authorities
5.2.1 Communications Regulations Commission (CRC, previously CRT)
5.2.2 ANTV
5.3 Convergence Decree
5.4 The ICT Law of 2009
5.5 Privatisation
5.6 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.7 Universal Service Fund
5.8 Licensing
5.9 Foreign investment
5.10 Interconnect
5.11 Access
5.12 Number Portability (NP)
5.13 Multicarrier system/Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
5.14 Per-minute billing
5.15 Subsidies
5.16 Fines
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Introduction
6.2 ETB
6.2.1 Privatisation and merger plans
6.3 Movistar (Telefónica Telecom/Colombia Telecom)
6.4 UNE-EPM Telecomunicaciones
6.4.1 Previous subsidiaries
6.4.2 Edatel
6.4.3 Telefónica de Pereira
6.5 Claro (Telmex Colombia/America Móvil)
6.6 Emcali
6.7 Telebucaramanga
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 International infrastructure
7.2.1 Submarine cable networks
7.2.2 Satellite networks
7.2.3 Terrestrial links
8. Wholesale
9. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Colombia 2016 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2016 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2016 (e)
Table 4 Broadband statistics 2016 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2016 (e)
Table 6 Regulatory authorities
Table 7 Evolution of GDP in Colombia 2000 - 2016
Table 8 Revenue from ICT 2005 2015
Table 9 Fixed and mobile subscribers in Colombia 2005 2017
Table 10 Historic - Fixed and mobile market share 1998 - 2009
Table 11 Fixed and mobile market share 2010 - 2017
Table 12 Telcom market revenue (COP) 2000 - 2016
Table 13 Telcom market revenue (US$ billion) 2000 - 2016
Table 14 Share of fixed lines in service (major operators) 2000 - 2015
Table 15 ETB subscriptions by services (Bogota) 2013 - 2016
Table 16 ETB share of subscriptions by services (Bogota) 2013 - 2016
Table 17 ETB lines in service 2000 - 2016
Table 18 ETB revenue by service 2013 - 2016
Table 19 Movistar fixed lines in service 2000 - 2016
Table 20 UNE lines in service 2000 - 2016
Table 21 Claro fixed lines in service 2000 - 2016
Table 22 Claro revenue by sector 2013 - 2016
Table 23 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1996 - 2009
Table 24 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010 - 2017
Chart 1 Fixed and mobile subscribers in Colombia 2005 2017
Chart 2 Fixed lines in service market evolution at a glance 2005 - 2017
Exhibit 1 Map of Colombia
Exhibit 2 ETB at a glance
Exhibit 3 Movistar at a glance
Exhibit 4 UNE-EPM Telecomunicaciones at a glance
Exhibit 5 Telmex Colombia (trading as Claro) at a glance

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