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Industrial Water Services & Chemicals

  • October 2015
  • -
  • Global Water Intelligence
  • -
  • 152 pages

Stricter regulations on discharge and wastewater treatment are making it increasingly challenging for end-users to internally manage their water supplies. Industrial water users are looking for full water management services to offer cost-saving solutions that maximise water and energy efficiency, allowing them to focus on their core production business.

Industrial Water Services & Chemicals will investigate the unique water challenges in each industry and how these challenges are creating opportunities for full solution providers, chemical suppliers and oilfield service companies. This report is a must-have guide for understanding how to target the industries with the greatest demand for your solutions.

Table Of Contents

Industrial Water Services and Chemicals


Industrial Water Services and Chemicals
Executive summary iii
Chemicals, consumables and related services iii
Outsourcing and mobile water iv
Industrial water utilities v
China v
India v
Middle East vi
Europe vi
Water services for the oil and gas industry vi
1. Industrial water services: an introduction 1
1.1 Spending on industrial water operations 1
Figure 1.1 Global industrial water operations spending and outsourcing market, 2015 1
Figure 1.2 Global industrial operations spending by industry, 2015 and 2025 2
Figure 1.3 Global industrial operations spending by region, 2015 and 2025 2
1.2 The menu of services 3
1.3 Market drivers 4
1.4 Market participants 4
Figure 1.4 Major players in the water services sector 5
Figure 1.5 Icon key: Industries 6
Figure 1.6 Icon key: Chemicals 6
Figure 1.7 Icon key: Applications 7
1.5 Market forecast 7
Figure 1.8 Global industrial water operations and outsourcing market breakdown, 2015 8
Figure 1.9 Global industrial water outsourcing market by contract type, 2013-2020 9
Figure 1.10 Market forecast data, 2013-2025 10
1.5.1 Forecast methodology 11
1.5.1.1 Chemicals and related services 11
1.5.1.2 Parts, consumables and related services 11
1.5.1.3 BOT, BOO and operations contracts 11
1.5.1.4 Mobile water services 12
1.5.1.5 Industrial utilities 12
1.5.1.6 Oil and gas water management 12
2. Chemicals and consumable services 13
2.1 Industrial water treatment chemicals: Market overview 13
2.2 Types of water treatment chemicals 13
Figure 2.1 Global spending on industrial water treatment chemicals by type, 2015 14
Figure 2.2 Chemicals by industry and application 15
2.2.1 Commodity chemicals 16
Figure 2.3 Outline of main commodity chemicals used in industrial water treatment 16
2.2.1.1 Coagulants/flocculants 16
2.2.1.2 pH adjusters 16
2.2.1.3 Oxidising biocides 17
2.2.1.4 Chelating agents 17
2.2.1.5 Market forecast 17
Figure 2.4 Global spending on commodity chemicals by chemical type, 2013-2020 17
2.2.2 Specialty chemicals 17
Figure 2.5 Outline of main specialty chemical types 18
2.2.2.1 Coagulants/flocculants 18
2.2.2.2 Scale inhibitors 19
2.2.2.3 Corrosion inhibitors 19
2.2.2.4 Antifoams/defoamers 19
2.2.2.5 Non-oxidising biocides 19
2.2.2.6 Dust suppression 19
2.2.2.7 Market forecast 20
Industrial Water Services and Chemicals
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Figure 2.6 Global spending on specialty chemicals by chemical type, 2013-2020 20
Figure 2.7 Global spending on commodity and specialty chemicals, 2013-2020 21
2.3 Industrial water applications 22
Figure 2.8 Global spending on industrial water treatment chemicals market by application, 2015 22
2.3.1 Process water 23
2.3.1.1 Outline of chemical requirements 23
2.3.1.2 Trends in process water chemical requirements 23
2.3.1.3 Market forecast 24
Figure 2.9 Global spending on process water chemicals by chemical type, 2013-2020 24
Figure 2.10 Global spending on process water chemicals by industry, 2013-2020 25
Figure 2.11 Global spending on process water chemicals by region, 2013-2020 25
2.3.2 Boiler water 26
2.3.2.1 Chemical requirements 26
Figure 2.12 Chemical water treatment of a boiler steam cycle 26
Phosphate-based treatment programme 26
All-volatile treatment (AVT) programme 26
2.3.2.2 Trends in boiler water chemical requirements 27
2.3.2.3 Market forecast 28
Figure 2.13 Global spending on boiler system chemicals by chemical type, 2013-2020 28
Figure 2.14 Global spending on boiler system chemicals by industry, 2013-2020 29
Figure 2.15 Global spending on boiler system chemicals by region, 2013-2020 29
2.3.3 Cooling water 30
2.3.3.1 Chemical requirements 30
Figure 2.16 Chemical treatment of an open-recirculating cooling system 30
2.3.3.2 Trends in cooling water chemical requirements 31
2.3.3.3 Market forecast 32
Figure 2.17 Global spending on cooling system chemicals by chemical type, 2013-2020 32
Figure 2.18 Global spending on cooling system chemicals by industry, 2013-2020 33
Figure 2.19 Global spending on cooling system chemicals by region, 2013-2020 33
2.3.4 Process wastewater 34
2.3.4.1 Chemical requirements 34
2.3.4.2 Trends in process wastewater chemical requirements 34
2.3.4.3 Market forecast 34
Figure 2.20 Global spending on process wastewater chemicals by chemical type, 2013-2020 35
Figure 2.21 Global spending on process wastewater chemicals by industry, 2013-2020 35
Figure 2.22 Global spending on process wastewater chemicals by region, 2013-2020 36
2.4 Main industrial sectors 36
Figure 2.23 Global spending on industrial water treatment chemicals by industry 36
2.4.1 Power 37
2.4.1.1 Main chemicals 37
2.4.1.2 Specific industry trends 37
2.4.1.3 Market forecast 38
Figure 2.24 Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the power generation industry, 2013-2020 39
2.4.2 Refining and petrochemicals 41
2.4.2.1 Main chemicals 41
2.4.2.2 Specific industry trends 41
2.4.2.3 Market forecast 41
Figure 2.25 Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the refining and petrochemicals industry, 2013-2020 42
2.4.3 Food and beverage 43
2.4.3.1 Main chemicals 43
2.4.3.2 Industry-specific trends 44
2.4.3.3 Market forecast 44
Figure 2.26 Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the food and beverage industry, 2013-2020 45
2.4.4 Mining 46
2.4.4.1 Main chemicals 46
2.4.4.2 Industry-specific trends 46
2.4.4.3 Market forecast 47
Figure 2.27 Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the mining industry, 2013-2020 48
2.4.5 Pulp and paper 49

2.4.5.1 Main chemicals 49
2.4.5.2 Industry-specific trends 49
2.4.5.3 Market forecast 49
Figure 2.28 Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the pulp and paper industry, 2013-2020 50
2.4.6 Commercial and institutional 51
2.4.6.1 Main chemicals 51
2.4.6.2 Industry-specific trends 52
2.4.6.3 Market forecast 52
Figure 2.29 Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the commercial and institutional industry, 2013-2020 53
2.4.7 Upstream oil and gas 54
2.4.7.1 Main chemicals 54
2.4.7.2 Key trends 54
2.4.7.3 Market forecast 55
Figure 2.30 Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the upstream oil and gas industry, 2013-2020 56
2.5 Procurement of industrial water treatment chemicals 57
2.5.1 Supply chain 57
Figure 2.31 Supply chain for water treatment chemicals in industry 57
2.5.2 Service companies 58
2.5.2.1 Key service companies in industry 58
2.5.3 Chemical suppliers 60
2.5.3.1 Key chemical suppliers in industry 60
2.5.4 Commercial and institutional sector: supply of water treatment chemical solutions 61
Figure 2.32 Supply chain for water treatment chemicals and services in the commercial and institutional sector 61
2.5.5 Trends in the supply of chemicals for the industrial market 62
2.6 Consumable services 63
2.6.1 Membrane cleaning services 63
2.6.1.1 Overview 63
2.6.1.2 Services 63
Cleaning chemicals 63
Figure 2.33 Membrane cleaning chemistries 63
On-site services and analytical tools 64
Autopsies and other off-site services 64
2.6.1.3 Procurement and contracts 64
2.6.1.4 Market dynamics 65
Figure 2.34 Selected company chemical products 65
2.6.1.5 Industrial needs 65
2.6.1.6 Market trends 66
2.6.1.7 Market opportunities 66
2.6.2 Ion exchange 67
2.6.2.1 Overview 67
2.6.2.2 Services 67
2.6.2.3 Market dynamics 68
2.6.3 Activated carbon 68
2.6.3.1 Market dynamics 68
2.6.4 Filters 69
2.6.4.1 Cartridge filtration 69
2.6.4.2 Media filtration 69
2.6.5 Market forecast 69
Figure 2.35 Forecast of spending on services related to parts and consumables, 2013-2025 70
3. Outsourced operations and mobile treatment 71
3.1 Outsourcing contracts 71
Figure 3.1 Global market for outsourcing services by contract type, 2015 71
3.1.1 Asset ownership contracts 71
Figure 3.2 Classic large-scale BOT contract structure 72
Figure 3.3 Small-scale BOT project structure 73
3.1.1.1 Contract trends: from BOT to BoT 73
3.1.2 Operations contracts 74
3.1.2.1 Structure and length of operating contracts 74
3.1.3 Outsourcing drivers and restraints 74
3.1.3.1 Market drivers for operating contracts 74
3.1.3.2 Market drivers for asset ownership models 75
Figure 3.4 Risk sharing by contract structure 76
3.1.3.3 Finance and returns 77
Figure 3.5 Typical equity returns from industrial BOT in Europe and North America 78
3.1.3.4 The secondary market for industrial water assets 78
3.1.3.5 The addressable market for asset ownership and outsourced operations 79
Figure 3.6 Asset ownership and outsourced operations: addressable market penetration over time 79
3.1.3.6 Overview of industrial and regional markets 79
3.2 Mobile water services 80
3.2.1 Uses of mobile water treatment 80
3.2.2 Drivers 81
3.2.3 Applications for mobile water treatment units 82
Figure 3.7 Main process water treatment technologies 82
3.2.3.1 Technology trends for process water treatment applications 82
3.2.3.2 Technology trends for wastewater treatment applications 82
Figure 3.8 Main wastewater treatment technologies 82
3.2.4 Industrial use of mobile water solutions 83
Figure 3.9 Breakdown of the global mobile market by industrial user 83
3.2.5 Procurement process for mobile water services 84
3.2.6 Cost of the service 84
3.2.7 Market players 84
Figure 3.10 Overview of major players in the mobile water treatment market 85
Figure 3.11 Mobile water market players by technology provided in process water applications 85
Figure 3.12 Mobile water market players by technology provided in wastewater applications 85
3.2.8 Accessing the market 85
3.3 Outsourcing contracts based on mobile assets 86
3.3.1 Regional markets: Mobile water services and outsourcing contracts 86
3.3.1.1 United States 87
3.3.1.2 Europe 87
3.3.1.3 Asia Pacific 87
3.3.1.4 MENA 87
3.4 Mobile water economics 88
3.5 The addressable market for mobile water 88
Figure 3.13 Penetration of the addressable market for mobile water 88
3.6 Market forecast 89
Figure 3.14 Spending on industrial outsourced services, 2013-2025 89
Figure 3.15 Capital and operating expenditure under BOT/BOO contracts, 2013-2025 90
Figure 3.16 Spending on mobile water services by region, 2013-2025 90
Figure 3.17 Spending on mobile water services by industry, 2013-2025 91
Figure 3.18 Spending on mobile water services by contract duration, 2013-2025 91
3.7 Outsourcing by region 92
3.7.1 China 92
Figure 3.19 Examples of joint venture projects in the refining and petrochemical industry in China 92
Figure 3.20 Examples of outsourcing in the coal-to-chemicals industry in China 93
Figure 3.21 Selected major OandM contracts won by Beijing Water Business Doctor 93
3.7.2 Outsourcing for individual industrial users in India 94
Figure 3.22 Selected upcoming BOO/BOOT projects for individual industrials in India 95
Figure 3.23 Selected upcoming operations outsourcing projects for individual industrials in India 95
3.7.3 North America 96
3.7.3.1 Market overview 96
3.7.3.2 Market opportunities 96
3.7.3.3 Market players 98
3.7.4 Europe 99
3.7.4.1 Market overview 99
3.7.4.2 Market opportunities 99
3.7.4.3 Market players 101
3.7.5 Japan and South Korea 102
3.7.5.1 Japan 102
Market players 102
Procurement and accessing the market 103
Market outlook 103
3.7.5.2 South Korea 103
Market players 104
Figure 3.24 Industrial outsourcing contracts in South Korea 104
Procurement and accessing the market 104
3.7.6 Retail water services in Great Britain 105
3.7.6.1 Overview 105
3.7.6.2 Services 105
Figure 3.25 Roles of retailers and wholesalers in the British market 105
3.7.6.3 Market landscape 105
Figure 3.26 International operators in the Scottish retail water services market 106
3.7.6.4 DBO/OandM contracts 106
Figure 3.27 Selected outsourcing contracts in the United Kingdom 106
3.7.6.5 Future market directions 107
3.7.7 Middle East 107
3.7.7.1 Industrial BOTs/BOOs 107
3.7.8 Latin America 108
3.7.8.1 Market overview 108
3.7.8.2 Market opportunities 108
3.7.8.3 Market players 108
4. Industrial utilities 109
4.1 Market forecast 109
Figure 4.1 Forecast of spending on industrial utility services by region, 2013-2025 110
4.2 Industrial parks in China 110
4.2.1 General utility outsourcing 110
Figure 4.2 Selected examples of complete utility outsourcing in Chinese industrial parks 111
4.2.2 Outsourcing of wastewater treatment 111
Figure 4.3 Implementation date for newly published discharge standards 112
Figure 4.4 Comparison of old and new standards for the refining and petrochemical industry 112
Figure 4.5 Selected examples of wastewater treatment outsourcing in Chinese industrial parks 113
4.3 Industrial parks/clusters in India 115
4.3.1 Market overview 115
4.3.2 Management of CETPs 115
4.3.3 Drivers for outsourcing 116
Figure 4.6 Map of water stress in India outlining numbers of existing and planned CETPs per state 117
4.3.4 Outsourcing CETPs 117
Figure 4.7 Current and historic funding schemes for CETPs 118
Figure 4.8 Table of existing BOOs/BOTs 119
4.3.5 Outsourcing water supply facilities 119
Figure 4.9 Table of water supply projects 120
4.3.6 Integrated utility contracts 121
4.3.7 Opportunities in the industrial corridors 121
Figure 4.10 Status of industrial corridors 121
4.3.7.1 Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor 121
Figure 4.11 Water and wastewater demand in selected DMIC projects 122
4.3.8 Upcoming projects 123
Figure 4.12 Upcoming tracker projects 123
4.4 Industrial parks in Europe 124
4.4.1 Overview 124
4.4.2 Water and wastewater infrastructure in industrial parks 124
4.4.3 Market opportunities 125
4.4.4 Market strategies 126
4.4.5 Market players 126
4.4.5.1 Market players in the industrial water utilities market in Europe 127
4.5 Middle East 129
4.5.1 Saudi Arabia 129
4.5.1.1 Modon 129
Figure 4.13 Water and wastewater tariffs in Modon's industrial cities ($/m³) 129
Figure 4.14 Water and wastewater treatment plant BOTs in Modon-controlled cities 129
4.5.1.2 Marafiq 130
4.5.2 Oman 130
4.5.2.1 Majis Industrial Services SAOC 130
Figure 4.15 Majis in figures, 2015 130
Figure 4.16 Majis contracts with the private sector at Sohar Industrial Port 131
4.5.2.2 Duqm SEZ 131
4.6 Other regions 131
5. Oil and gas water management services 132
5.1 Outline 132
5.1.1 Industry trends/challenges 132
5.1.2 Types of water management 133
Figure 5.1 Water management in the unconventional industry 133
5.1.3 Industry players 133
Figure 5.2 Supply chain for water management services in the US unconventional industry 134
5.1.4 Major US plays 134
Figure 5.3 Major shale plays in the US 134
Figure 5.4 Outline of key water management challenges in the major US shale plays 135
5.2 Chemicals for upstream oil and gas 135
5.2.1 Chemical types 135
5.2.1.1 Completion chemicals 136
Figure 5.5 Typical composition of hydraulic fracturing fluid for US shale plays 136
Figure 5.6 Types of chemical additives in fracturing fluid 137
5.2.1.2 Production chemicals 137
Figure 5.7 Selected chemicals used to enhance oil and gas production 137
5.2.1.3 Specialty chemicals 137
5.2.2 Procurement/key players 138
5.2.3 Trends/drivers 138
5.3 Water sourcing 139
Figure 5.8 Average water usage for fracturing an oil and gas well in the US 139
Figure 5.9 Water management economics 140
5.3.1 Procurement of water sourcing 140
5.3.2 Water rights/regulations 141
Figure 5.10 Water sourcing regulations 141
5.4 Water transport 141
5.4.1 Freshwater/brackish water 141
5.4.2 Flowback and produced water 142
5.4.2.1 Contract structure 142
5.5 Water storage 142
5.6 Water treatment 142
5.6.1 Produced water treatment 142
5.6.1.1 Drivers 143
5.6.1.2 Treatment trends 143
Figure 5.11 Centralised produced water treatment facility operating contracts in the US 143
5.6.2 Water treatment for hydraulic fracturing 144
5.7 Water disposal 144
5.8 Market dynamics 145
5.8.1 Water service providers 145
5.8.2 Water treatment services 146
5.9 Market forecast 147
Figure 5.12 Forecast of crude oil production in North America by resource, 2000-2030 147
Figure 5.13 Forecast of natural gas production in North America by resource, 2000-2030 147
Figure 5.14 Forecast of produced water volumes in North America, 2000-2030 148
Figure 5.15 Forecast of spending on water management services in North America, 2013-2020 148
Interviewees 149
References 152

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