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Middle East - Fixed Broadband Market

  • December 2016
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 81 pages

Many countries from the Middle Eastern region are aware that fixed broadband infrastructure is important for economic growth and keeping pace with technological advancements. While mobile broadband is often the leading access technology in many markets – there are still enormous investment in fixed broadband infrastructure taking place.

Bahrain has always been at the forefront of Internet penetration in the region and since the introduction of greater competition, and the consequent fall in prices, subscriber numbers have grown even more rapidly. Broadband services are now ubiquitous, with dial-up subscribers negligible. Infrastructure-based competition has been essential to growth and ADSL was once the dominant means of broadband access prior to widespread adoption of mobile broadband.

In 2016 Israel also boasts high broadband penetration. Services are accessible via ADSL, cable, and fibre optic platforms, as well as wireless broadband. Increasing availability of fibre due to capital expenditure has resulted in increased average speeds. There are two other competing infrastructures – the DSL network of fixed-line incumbent Bezeq and the digital cable network of HOT. The broadband market in the UAE is also one of the most advanced both regionally and globally.

In contrast, Lebanon has trailed behind other countries in the region in almost all aspects of broadband networks and services, however this is slowly changing. The renewed focus on building fibre networks as part of “Telecom Vision 2020” should see Lebanon’s broadband sector improve significantly in the next few years.

The international community has also identified Iran as lagging behind in terms of broadband infrastructure and access, particularly when compared to other GCC member states. However, in recent years fixed broadband penetration reached a milestone by climbing to above 10%.

The deployment of fixed broadband has been steady but slow in Kuwait. In the last couple of years fixed services have begun to make inroads but penetration is still low compared to other countries and there is no NBN policy in place.

Smart city developments are driving broadband deployments in many countries. Saudi Arabia, for example, has an ambitious Smart City project underway named King Abdullah Economic City (KAEC), which will house around 2 million people and is expected to be completed by 2035. Qatar also has its sights firmly set on being a Smart City of the future and the hosting of the FIFA World Cup 2022 is attributing to the fast development of smart infrastructure initiatives.

National Broadband Network (NBNs) deployment is considered an important step towards laying the foundation for smart cities. The deployment of the national broadband network in Jordan, for example, is underway with the project now focusing on connecting the Northern governates via public facilities. Funding for the NBN has been assisted by a Gulf Co-operation Council grant.

As part of Oman’s National Broadband Strategy, Oman Broadband Company (OBC) has enabled access to fibre networks for around 60,000 residential and commercial businesses around Muscat. Qatar has also embarked on developing a national fibre-based access network, known as QNBN.

In 2016 Turkey, has become a market to watch with fixed broadband services based on fibre quickly growing and subscriber numbers climbing three-fold since 2013.

While mobile broadband is still the leading technology in the Middle East, fixed broadband services are still considered to be an important infrastructure with many countries making great strides to improve penetration and deployment.

Key developments:

Recognising the socioeconomic advantages of a connected society, Bahrain has deployed its own National Broadband Network (NBN), using infrastructure from the Electricity and Water Authority (EWA).
In 2016 Bezeq from Israel is embarking on a large G.fast network access deployment for its fixed broadband network.
ADSL accounts for the majority of fixed broadband subscriptions in Lebanon.
Growth in ICT spending is expected to increase in Saudi Arabia, driven by strong demand for smartphones and high-speed networks. Underpinning future growth is also a government that regards ICT industry development as a national priority.
Since 2010, fibre broadband has become the fastest growing technology in the UAE, with a growing proportion of the market subscribing to FttH.
Etisalat and Du reached a fixed network sharing agreement in late 2015 which will see them share the UAE’s fibre network.
The Iran government’s fifth economic development plan called for the establishment of a fibre-based national broadband network (NBN).
While funding issues have stopped the NBN project in Jordan a number of times; in 2016 it is around 35% completed.
In 2016 a new broadband operator, Awasr-Oman, launched in Oman (Muscat) using the OBC fibre network.
Fixed broadband is still an emerging area in Syria that will benefit greatly once the country stabilises.
Yemen is currently an unpredictable market that faces serious civic issues. The recent conflict has put a halt on much of the progress for telecoms for the time being.
The fixed telecoms sector has plateaued in Iraq with little investment or interest in developing it at this point.
There are now over 1.8 million fibre broadband subscribers across Turkey.

Companies mentioned in this report
Etisalat, du; TeleYemen, Public Telecommunications Corporation (PTC); Ooredoo Qatar, Vodafone Qatar, Qatar National Broadband Network (QNBN); STC, Go Telecom, Mobily; Turk Telekom, Superonline, Superonline, Vodafone Turkey; Bezeq, HOT Telecom, 013 NetVision, 012 Smile Telecom, Xfone 018; Ogero Telecom, Cable One, Cedarcom, GlobalCom Data Services (GDS), Pesco Telecom, Sodetel, IDM/Cyberia, TerraNet, Lebanese Broadband Stakeholders Group (LBSG); STE; ITPC, URUKLINK, Newroz,IQ Networks; Orange Jordan; Omantel, Oman Broadband Company (OBC); Kuwait Ministry of Communications (MoC), Qualitynet, Zajil KEMS, FASTtelco, Gulfnet; Telecommunication Company of Iran (TCI), Iranian-net; 2Connect, Batelco, Etisalcom, Kalaam Telecoms, Lightspeed, Mena Telecoms, Nuetel Communications, Rapid Telecoms, Zain Bahrain.

Table Of Contents

Middle East - Fixed Broadband Market
1. Regional overview fixed broadband market
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Bahrain
1.3 Israel
1.4 Lebanon
1.4.1 Telecom Vision 2020
1.5 Saudi Arabia
1.6 United Arab Emirates
1.7 Iran
1.8 Jordan
1.9 Oman
1.10 Syria
1.11 Yemen
1.12 Iraq
1.13 Kuwait
1.14 Qatar
1.15 Turkey
2. Bahrain
2.1 Market analysis
2.2 Broadband statistics
2.3 Broadband subscriber forecasts
2.3.1 Scenario 1 higher growth
2.3.2 Scenario 2 lower growth
2.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
2.4.1 National Broadband Network (NBN)
2.5 Other fixed broadband services
2.5.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
2.5.2 iBurst
3. Iran
3.1 Market analysis
3.1.1 Censorship
3.2 Broadband statistics
3.2.1 Forecasts broadband subscribers
3.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
3.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
3.5 Other fixed broadband services
3.5.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
3.6 Competition issues
3.6.1 ISP market
4. Iraq
4.1 Overview
4.1.1 Internet statistics
4.2 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
4.3 Satellite broadband
4.4 Other fixed broadband services
4.4.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
5. Israel
5.1 Market analysis
5.2 Broadband statistics
5.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) and cable networks
5.3.1 Introduction
5.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
5.4.1 Introduction
5.4.2 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
5.5 Competition issues
5.5.1 Wholesale
6. Jordan
6.1 Market analysis
6.2 Broadband statistics
6.2.1 Forecasts broadband subscribers
6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
6.5 Other fixed broadband services
6.5.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
6.6 Competition issues
6.6.1 ISP market
7. Kuwait
7.1 Market analysis
7.2 Broadband statistics
7.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
7.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
7.5 Other fixed broadband services
7.5.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
8. Lebanon
8.1 Market analysis
8.2 Broadband statistics
8.2.1 Broadband subscriber forecasts
8.3 Competition issues
8.3.1 Data service providers
8.3.2 ISP market
8.4 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
8.5 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
8.6 Other fixed broadband services
8.6.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
8.6.2 Internet via satellite (Ku band services)
9. Oman
9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.1.1 Internet and broadband statistics
9.2 Fibre to the Home (FttH)
9.3 Wireless broadband
9.3.1 WiFi
9.3.2 WiMAX
10. Qatar
10.1 Market analysis
10.2 Broadband statistics
10.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
10.4 Fibre-to-the-premises (FTTP) and Fibre-to-the-home (FttH)
10.4.1 Qatar National Broadband Network (QNBN)
10.4.2 Vodafone Qatar
10.4.3 Ooredoo
10.5 Wireless Broadband
10.5.1 WiFi
11. Saudi Arabia
11.1 Introduction and statistical overview
11.1.1 Censorship
11.2 Broadband statistics
11.2.1 Forecasts mobile broadband subscribers 2015; 2017; 2020
11.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
11.3.1 Introduction
11.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
11.4.1 Introduction
11.4.2 STC
11.4.3 GO Telecom
11.4.4 Mobily
11.5 Other fixed broadband services
11.5.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
12. Syria
12.1 Market analysis
12.1.1 ISP market
12.2 Broadband statistics
12.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
13. Turkey
13.1 Market analysis
13.2 Broadband statistics
13.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
13.4 Cable modems
13.5 Fibre-to-the-Cabinet (FttC) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
13.5.1 Turk Telekom
13.5.2 Superonline
14. United Arab Emirates
14.1 Market analysis
14.1.1 Dubai Internet City (DIC)
14.1.2 Internet cafes
14.2 Broadband statistics
14.2.1 Broadband forecasts
14.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
14.4 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
14.4.1 Other fixed broadband services
14.4.2 Fixed wireless (WiFi, WiMAX)
14.4.3 Internet via satellite
15. Yemen
15.1 Market analysis
15.2 Broadband statistics
15.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
15.4 Other fixed broadband services
15.4.1 Fixed wireless (WiFi and WiMAX)
Table 1 Middle East - fixed broadband subscribers and penetration by country estimates - 2016
Table 2 Bahrain - Historic - Internet users and penetration estimates - 1995 - 2004
Table 3 Bahrain - Internet users and penetration estimates - 2005 - 2016
Table 4 Bahrain - Fixed and mobile broadband subscribers - 2012 - 2016
Table 5 Bahrain - Broadband sector revenue 2010 - 2014
Table 6 Bahrain - Forecast broadband subscribers higher market growth scenario 2018; 2024
Table 7 Bahrain - Forecast broadband subscribers lower market growth scenario 2018; 2024
Table 8 Iran - Internet users and penetration estimates 1996 - 2016
Table 9 Iran - Fixed broadband subscribers 2006 - 2016
Table 10 Iran - Household PC penetration 2002 - 2016
Table 11 Iran - Forecast fixed broadband subscribers higher growth scenario 2016, 2019; 2024
Table 12 Iran - Forecast fixed broadband subscribers lower growth scenario 2016, 2019; 2024
Table 13 Irancell WiMAX subscribers 2012 2015
Table 14 Iraq - Internet user penetration and estimates 2001 - 2016
Table 15 Iraq - International Internet bandwidth 2005 - 2013
Table 16 Israel - Internet users and penetration 1997 - 2016
Table 17 Israel - Fixed broadband subscribers 2001 - 2016
Table 18 Israel - Bezeq ADSL subscribers and ARPU 2005 - 2014
Table 19 Israel - Average bundled broadband speed per Bezeq customer 2007 - 2015
Table 20 Israel - PC penetration 2002 - 2014
Table 21 Israel - International internet bandwidth 2005 - 2015
Table 22 Jordon - Internet users and penetration rate 1995 - 2016
Table 23 Jordon - Internet subscribers and penetration rate 1999 - 2016
Table 24 Jordon - Internet subscribers by access method 2015
Table 25 Jordon - Forecast broadband subscribers higher market growth scenario 2016; 2018; 2022
Table 26 Jordon - Forecast broadband subscribers lower market growth scenario 2016; 2018; 2022
Table 27 Jordon - DSL subscribers - 2001 - 2015
Table 28 Kuwait - Internet pricing guide - 2016
Table 29 Top six countries broadband basket pricing comparison - 2014
Table 30 Kuwait - Internet users and penetration 1995 - 2016
Table 31 Kuwait - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2006 - 2016
Table 32 Kuwait - Household PC penetration 2002 - 2015
Table 33 Kuwait - FttH/FttB subscribers and homes passed September 2015
Table 34 Lebanon - Internet user and penetration estimates 1995 - 2016
Table 35 Lebanon - broadband subscribers by access technology 2013; 2015
Table 36 Lebanon - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2002 - 2016
Table 37 Lebanon - Household PC penetration 2002 - 2016
Table 38 Lebanon - Forecast fixed broadband subscribers higher growth scenario 2019; 2024
Table 39 Lebanon - Forecast fixed broadband subscribers lower growth scenario 2019; 2024
Table 40 Oman - Internet users and penetration 1998 - 2016
Table 41 Oman - Fixed broadband subscribers 2004 - 2016
Table 42 Oman - International Internet bandwidth 2012 - 2015
Table 43 Qatar - Internet penetration 1995 - 2016
Table 44 Qatar - Fixed broadband subscribers 2002 - 2016
Table 45 Qatar - Household PC penetration 2007 - 2015
Table 46 Qatar - International Internet bandwidth 2003 - 2015
Table 47 Saudi Arabia - Fixed internet users and user penetration 2005 - 2016
Table 48 Saudi Arabia - Fixed broadband subscriptions technologies and penetration 2010 - Q2 2016
Table 49 Saudi Arabia - Fixed and mobile broadband total and market share 2002 - 2015
Table 50 Saudi Arabia household PC penetration 2002 - 2015
Table 51 Saudi Arabia - Forecast mobile broadband subscriptions higher growth scenario 2020; 2025
Table 52 Saudi Arabia - Forecast mobile broadband subscriptions lower growth scenario 2020; 2025
Table 53 Syria - Percentage of Internet users 2010 - 2015
Table 54 Syria - Fixed broadband subscribers 2004 - 2015
Table 55 Syria - International Internet bandwidth 2004 - 2015
Table 56 Turkey - Broadband subscribers and penetration 2009 2016
Table 57 Turkey - Broadband subscribers by access technology 2009 Q1 2016
Table 58 Turkey - ISP market share based on subscribers Q2 2013; Q2 2015; Q1 2016
Table 59 - Turkey - Average monthly data usage per Turk Telekom broadband subscriber 2010 2016
Table 60 Turkey - International Internet Bandwidth 2003 - 2015
Table 61 Turk Telekom Fixed broadband ARPU 2007 Q3 2016
Table 62 Turk Telekom fibre subscribers 2013; Q3 2016
Table 63 Turkey - Superonline FttX subscribers 2011 Q3 2015
Table 64 UAE internet users and penetration 1995 - 2016
Table 65 UAE fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2001 - 2016
Table 66 UAE Etisalat fixed broadband subscribers 2010 - 2015
Table 67 UAE international internet bandwidth 2006 - 2015
Table 68 UAE Forecast broadband subscribers higher growth scenario 2016, 2020; 2025
Table 69 UAE Forecast broadband subscribers lower growth scenario 2016, 2020; 2025
Table 70 Yemen - Internet user and penetration estimates 1997 - 2015
Table 71 Yemen - Households with Internet access 2004 - 2015
Table 72 Yemen - Fixed broadband subscribers 2005 - 2015
Table 73 Yemen - Household PC penetration 2005 - 2015
Table 74 Yemen - International Internet bandwidth 2005 - 2015
Chart 1 Iran - Fixed broadband subscribers and annual growth 2010 - 2016
Chart 2 UAE fixed broadband subscribers and annual growth rate 2010 - 2016

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