Table of Contents
This study analyses the regulatory environment concerning telecommunications in selected countries within the African continent. The aim of the research is to assess the impact of regulations on the development of the telecommunications market in Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa. The key objectives are to provide an overview of developments relating to broadband, radio spectrum, and digital migration; to highlight regulations and policies affecting the telecommunications markets; and to identify relevant challenges impacting the provision of telecommunications.
This study analyses the regulatory environment concerning telecommunications in Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa, with particular emphasis on broadband, radio spectrum, and digital migration.
Demand for faster Internet access coming from consumers, while international bodies such as the ITU are promoting investment in broadband infrastructure
A limited and scarce resource that is needed for the development of last-mile broadband connectivity
The shift from analogue to digital TV transmission that allows spectrum to be re-allocated for the use of wireless communications
•Use of TV white spaces (TVWS) and unlicensed radio spectrum to meet demands for spectrum
•Emergence of over-the-top (OTT) providers delivering services (audio, video, and text content) through Internet connectivity
•Need to define net neutrality and data protection regulations to ensure fair competition
Executive Summary – Broadband
Internet provides a 2-way interaction platform between consumers, enterprises, and government. To achieve this level of communication, many challenges need to be addressed.
The positive correlation between broadband and economic growth is the key reason for the promotion of broadband development. Across Africa, many forces are driving the continent toward increasing connectivity; however, other factors of equal importance are restraining the fast implementation of broadband.
Increase in Employment Expected
•For example: In Latin America, broadband penetration increase from 5.5% to 7.7% has led to the generation of 378 000 jobs Emergence of New Electronic Business Models
•eBanking, eShopping, eLearning, eHealth, eTicketing, and eGovernment Better Government Service Delivery
•Monitor spending and increase citizen engagement Stimulating Demand for Broadband Usage
•By creating online content targeted at various groups and adding ICT curriculum at primary education
•Such as poverty, lack of potable water, energy deficiency, low education, and health standards, BUDGET Limited Infrastructure Availability
•Especially in rural areas High Broadband Costs
•Especially in developing countries, both mobile and fixed broadband which
oLimited Online Content Available
oLimited ICT Literacy
•Political will and incentives for private infrastructure development
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