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Waste Management Market Report – UK 2014-2018 Analysis

  • October 2014
  • -
  • AMA Research
  • -
  • 111 pages

AMA Research have launched the 8th edition of the report 'Waste Management Market Report – UK 2014-2018 Analysis', addressing the management of controlled waste arisings from the municipal, commercial & industrial construction & demolition sectors. The report covers waste collection, recycling, advanced waste treatment, landfill and incineration. With 50 charts and tables the report analyses market growth potential, current and infrastructure developments in the pipeline.

Typically, official/government reports provide data for each of the four home countries separately, but this report provides an amalgamated assessment of waste management at a UK level.

This report includes:

• UK Waste Management Market - size, trends, key influences, analysis of total market by value and volume and specifically in the municipal, commercial & industrial and construction & demolition sectors.
• Key focus on development of new waste treatment, recycling & disposal infrastructure – identifying existing facilities and current capacity and projects in the pipeline - plant size, location, operator or developer and date of opening: MRFs, MBTs, IVC, AD, 'mass burn' EfW incineration and advanced conversion technology (ACT) plants.
• Market supply– profiles on top 40 major national and regional contractors. Analysis of key trends, e.g. acquisitions, mergers and consolidation, entry of major new competitors and company failures.

The need to reduce waste arisings and the volumes sent to landfill, with the urgent need to increase recovery and recycling levels has rapidly risen up the national agenda, underpinned by EU Directives. Although there have been significant improvements in recycling and energy recovery, there remain pressing 2020 targets for The Landfill Directive and the 2020 renewable energy target, for which energy-from-waste technologies have a key role.

Combining and collating the most recent official data with additional original research and analysis, this report presents an informative review of the current state of waste management in the UK in terms of the key market drivers, waste arisings, disposal & recovery methods, industry infrastructure and capacity.

Areas of particular interest:

• Detailed analysis of waste arisings by origin, key product & material streams.
• Concise but informative assessments of the UK markets for waste collection, treatment, landfill & incineration infrastructure – trends in waste arisings, permitted processing capacities, waste deposits.
• Focus on key technology sectors including anaerobic digestion, advanced conversion technologies and 'mass burn' EfW incineration.
• Tables for MBTs, MRFs, AD, IVC, mass burn incineration and ACT plants (location, capacity, operators - open and planned).
• Analysis of the waste management supply side including a table with turnovers & regions served for top 100+ general waste management contractors.

Companies profiled in the report include:

Agrivert, AmeyCespa, Associated Waste Management, Augean, Bagnall and Morris Waste Services, Biffa Waste Services, Bywaters (Leyton), Carey Group, Cleansing Service Group, Cory Environmental Services, Countrystyle Group, DCC Environmental, DS Smith Recycling, Enviroco, Environmental Waste Controls, F & R Cawley, FCC Environment (UK), Glazewing, Global Renewables, Grundon Waste Management, Hills Waste Solutions, HW Martin Waste, Impetus Waste Management Group, Kier MG Services, LondonWaste Ltd, MDJ Light Brothers, Mid UK Recycling, New Earth Solutions, Niramax Group, Norse Group, OSS Group, Palm Recycling, Powerday, Recycling Lives, Sackers Recycling, Saica Natur UK, Severn Waste Services, Shanks UK, SITA UK, SRCL, TEG Environmental, Tradebe Environmental Services, Transwaste Recycling & Aggregates, Veolia Environmental Services, Viridor Waste Management, W & S Recycling Services, Wastecare Group, William Tracey, Yorwaste.

Key areas covered in the report include:

UK WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET OVERVIEW
• Market size and trends by value 2008 –2013.
• Forecasts 2014 – 2018 and key market drivers, trends, influences.
• Market mixes – by key activities by value, including MSW collection, MSW disposal, MSW recycling, CDEW & CIW treatment and disposal, CDEW & CIW arisings etc.
• Review of trends in waste arisings – by main end-use sector by region.
• Trends in deposits – by method of disposal & treatment, by region, estimate of composition.
• Review of waste treatment and recycling methods – focus on provision, capacity and key drivers for Material Recycling Facilities (MRFs), Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT), Anaerobic Digestion (AD), Energy from Waste (EfW) combustion and advanced conversion technologies.
• Review of key market drivers – EU Directives, UK legislation, National Waste Strategies, government initiatives e.g. Renewables Obligation, PPP/PFI, Landfill Tax and gate fees.

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND SUPPLY
• Size and distribution - breakdown by employee size band, by region and turnover band and age of businesses.
• Trends e.g. new market entrants, consolidation, acquisitions and mergers.
• Overview of the 40 largest waste management companies in the UK with turnovers and areas of operation.

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
• Review of MSW arisings in UK – arisings and overview of historical trends, by region and mix by fractions.
• Overview of MSW collection - historical review of trends by collection methods and trends in local authority revenue expenditure.
• Review of MSW treatment and disposal in UK – historical overview of trends in treatment and disposal methods at UK level and by region, focus on recycling & composting with historical overview of materials mix.

COMMERCIAL & INDUSTRIAL WASTE MANAGEMENT
• Review of CIW arisings in UK – by sectors, by material fractions, by regions and by various permutations of these.
• Review of CIW management in UK - by methods of treatment types & disposal.

CONSTRUCTION, DEMOLITION & EXCAVATION WASTE MANAGEMENT
• Review of waste arisings in GB– summary of official survey findings. Waste arisings and analysis of aggregate materials, trends over the last 6 years.
• Review of waste management, treatment and disposal in GB – summary of official survey findings; disposal routes.

TABLES AND APPENDICES
• Tables and appendices detailing: Key Directives, Key UK Waste Legislation, PFI Waste Management Contracts, other PPP Waste Management Contracts, Acquisitions & Mergers, MRF Infrastructure (operators, locations, status, capacity), MBT Infrastructure (operators, locations, status, capacity), AD Infrastructure (operators, locations, status, capacity), IVC Infrastructure (operators, locations, status, capacity), Mass Burn Incinerators (operators, locations, status, capacity), Advanced Conversion Technologies (operators, locations, status, capacity), Largest 100 General Waste Management Contractors (turnovers, regions).By value, data indicates that the market for the collection, treatment, recycling and disposal of controlled waste was an estimated £18.9 billion in 2013.

Strong underlying annual growth rates have been driven by the implementation of EU Directives, aimed at reducing the volumes of landfilled waste and increasing the levels of material recovery through recycling, composting and energy-from-waste. Above all, the impact of the Landfill Tax escalator on landfill gate fees has made these alternative approaches more commercially attractive.

The downturn in the UK economy suppressed growth rates in 2012 due to; lower levels of waste arisings, declining prices for many types of recyclate and the delay to many infrastructure projects.

Over the medium-longer term, the key 2020 targets for both the EU Landfill Directive and renewable energy mean that regardless of the economic situation, central government, local authorities and businesses do not have the option of scaling back waste reduction and recycling objectives. There remains a pressing need for the UK to improve waste recovery rates, particularly in the commercial and industrial waste (CIW) sector and to develop a suitable waste collection, treatment and recycling infrastructure in this sector.

From 2014 through to 2018, it is expected that there will be an increase in the market growth rate, underpinned by the EU Landfill Directive target for 2020 which will necessitate an increase in waste recovery rates and a major increase in investment in the infrastructure needed to deliver this, by possibly as much as £5bn. To achieve both these aims, energy-from waste (EfW) technologies, in particular advanced conversion technologies (ACT), will be core to government plans to meeting both the Landfill Directive and renewable electricity targets. Despite opposition from local interest groups and NGOs, there are a large number of 'mass burn' EfW incineration and ACT plants in the development pipeline that will be used to dispose of large volumes of the 21 million tonnes of residual ‘black bag’ waste currently being landfilled.

There has also been marked growth in the rolling out of anaerobic digestion (AD) plants treating food waste, underpinned by Landfill Directive requirements to divert biodegradable municipal waste from landfill. From just one facility in 2005, there were over 60 AD plants taking food waste at the end of 2013.

Expansion and convergence with the EfW sector continue to attract new players into the UK waste management industry, particularly from overseas. There has also been further consolidation among UK companies.

By 2018, it is estimated that the market for the collection, treatment, recycling and disposal of controlled waste will be worth around £24bn following annual growth rates of between 3-7% per annum.

Table Of Contents

Waste Management Market Report - UK 2014-2018 Analysis
1. INTRODUCTION 8
1.1 MARKET DEFINITION 8
1.2 METHODOLOGY 8
1.3 GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS 10
2. SUMMARY 11
3. ECONOMIC OVERVIEW 13
3.1 GDP 13
3.2 INFLATION and INTEREST RATES 14
3.3 UNEMPLOYMENT 15
3.4 HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION 16
3.5 HOUSING and CONSTRUCTION 17
3.6 STERLING 18
3.7 POPULATION PROFILE 18
3.8 CONCLUSIONS 19
4. WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET 20
4.1 OVERVIEW OF MARKET SIZE AND TRENDS 20
4.2 CONTROLLED WASTE COLLECTION SERVICES 23
4.3 CONTROLLED WASTE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL 24
4.4 MATERIALS RECOVERY 26
4.5 KEY MARKET DRIVERS 27
4.5.1 Introduction 27
4.5.2 National Waste Strategies 28
4.5.3 Legislation 28
4.5.4 Landfill Tax 31
4.5.5 Government Initiatives 31
4.5.6 Non-Government Initiatives 33
4.5.7 PPP/PFI 34
4.6 WASTE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL 35
4.6.1 Overview 35
4.6.2 Materials Recycling Facilities (MRF) 35
4.6.3 Landfill 39
4.6.4 Mass Burn Incineration with EfW 41
4.6.5 Anaerobic Digestion 45
4.6.6 Mechanical Biological Treatment 49
4.6.7 In Vessel Composting 52
4.6.8 Advanced Conversion Technologies 54
5. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND SUPPLY 59
5.1 COMPANY SIZE 59
5.2 TRENDS 60
5.3 CONTRACTORS REVIEW 62
5.3.1 Large National Contractors 64
5.3.2 Regional And Specialist Waste Management Contractors 71
6. MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW) 78
6.1 INTRODUCTION 78
6.2 MSW ARISINGS 78
6.3 MSW COLLECTION 81
6.4 MSW TREATMENT and DISPOSAL 82
6.4.1 Overview of Trends in Treatment and Disposal 82
6.4.2 MSW Landfill 85
6.4.3 MSW Recycling and Composting 85
7. COMMERCIAL and INDUSTRIAL WASTE (CIW) 87
7.1 INTRODUCTION 87
7.2 WASTE ARISINGS 88
7.2.1 Waste Arisings By Sector 88
7.2.2 UK CIW Arisings by Material Fraction 89
7.2.3 UK CIW Arisings by Region 89
7.3 UK CIW MANAGEMENT 90
8. CONSTRUCTION, DEMOLITION and EXCAVATION WASTE MANAGEMENT (CDEW) 93
8.1 INTRODUCTION 93
8.2 WASTE ARISINGS 94
8.3 CDEW TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL 95
APPENDICES
APPENDIX A PFI WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS 97
APPENDIX B NON-PFI PPP CONTRACTS 98
APPENDIX C WASTE MANAGEMENT INDUSTRY - ACQUISITIONS AND MERGERS 99
APPENDIX D UK COMMERCIAL MATERIAL RECYCLING FACILITIES 100
APPENDIX E UK COMMERCIAL ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PLANTS 105
APPENDIX F UK COMMERCIAL IN-VESSEL COMPOSTING PLANTS 107
APPENDIX G LEADING GENERAL WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTORS 109
CHART 1 UK CONTROLLED WASTE COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL SERVICES MARKET (£MILLION) 2008-2018 11
TABLE 2 GDP DATA - 2011-2014 - KEY CONSTITUENT ELEMENTS 13
CHART 3 INTEREST RATES AND INFLATION (CPI) FROM 1994-2018 15
CHART 4 PDI and SAVINGS RATIO AT CURRENT PRICES 1995-2018 16
TABLE 5 EXCHANGE RATE FLUCTUATIONS 2008-2014 - STERLING TO THE DOLLAR, AND THE EURO, SPOT RATES 18
TABLE 6 UK MARKET SIZE FOR THE CONTROLLED WASTE MANAGEMENT SECTOR BY VALUE (£MILLION) 2008 -2018 20
CHART 7 UK MARKET FOR CONTROLLED WASTE COLLECTION BY VALUE (£M) 2008 - 2014 23
CHART 8 UK CONTROLLED WASTE COLLECTION MARKET 2012/13 24
CHART 9 UK MARKET FOR CONTROLLED WASTE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL BY VALUE (£M) 2008 - 2014 25
CHART 10 UK CONTROLLED WASTE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL BY METHOD BY VOLUME 2012/13 26
CHART 11 UK MARKET FOR MATERIAL RECOVERY BY VALUE (£M) 2008 -2014 27
TABLE 12 KEY EU DIRECTIVES RE WASTE MANAGEMENT 29
TABLE 13 MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF LANDFILL (MILLION TONNES) 2010, 2013 and 2020 30
TABLE 14 MEDIAN GATE FEES COMPARISON (£/TONNE) BY METHOD OF DISPOSAL AND TREATMENT 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2013 31
TABLE 15 UK ‘SUPER MRFS' - 150KTPA+ PERMITTED CAPACITIES AND YEAR OF OPENING 37
CHART 16 ENGLAND TOTAL COLLECTED MSW RECOVERED VOLUMES FOR RECYCLING 2003/04 TO 2012/13 38
CHART 17 UK LANDFILL VOLUMES 2002 - 2014 39
CHART 18 UK LANDFILLED WASTE BY BROAD END USE SECTOR BY VOLUME 40
TABLE 19 GB ACTIVE LANDFILL CAPACITY (MILLION TONNES) 2002 - 2014 41
TABLE 20 UK OPERATIONAL MSW AND/OR CIW ‘MASS BURN' INCINERATORS AT SEPTEMBER 2014 42
CHART 21 ESTIMATED UK EFW INCINERATION CAPACITY (PERMITTED INPUT, MILLION TONNES) 1990 - 2017 43
TABLE 22 UK EFW MASS BURN INCINERATORS IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT SEPT 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER and STATUS 44
CHART 23 UK AD DESIGN CAPACITY BY TYPE OF OPERATION BY CAPACITY AT SEPTEMBER 2014 46
TABLE 24 MBT FACILITIES - TYPICAL SIZES and COSTS 49
TABLE 25 UK MECHANICAL BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT PLANTS - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT SEPTEMBER 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER and STATUS 51
TABLE 26 UK COMMERCIAL ADVANCED CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY PLANTS - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT SEPTEMBER 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER and STATUS 57
TABLE 26 UK COMMERCIAL ADVANCED CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY PLANTS - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT SEPTEMBER 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER and STATUS 58
TABLE 27 UK NUMBER OF UK VAT/PAYE REGISTERED WASTE HANDLING ENTERPRISES BY EMPLOYEE SIZE-BANDS 2013 59
TABLE 28 UK NUMBER OF UK VAT/PAYE REGISTERED WASTE HANDLING ENTERPRISES BY TURNOVER SIZE-BANDS 2013 60
TABLE 29 UK NO. VAT/PAYE REGISTERED WASTE MANAGEMENT ENTERPRISES BY MAIN ACTIVITY BY AGE OF BUSINESS 2013 61
TABLE 30 TOP 40 WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTORS IN UK BY ANNUAL TURNOVER 2012/2013 63
CHART 31 UK TRENDS IN MSW ARISINGS BY TONNAGE (‘000 TONNES) UPLIFTED 2004/05 - 2015/16 79
CHART 32 UK MSW ARISINGS BY REGION BY % OF VOLUME UPLIFTED 2012/2013 80
CHART 33 GB MSW ARISINGS BY FRACTION BY % OF TOTAL 80
CHART 34 UK TRENDS IN MSW COLLECTIONS BY METHOD BY TONNAGE (‘000 TONNES) UPLIFTED 2002/03 - 2012/13 81
CHART 35 ENGLAND TRENDS IN LOCAL AUTHORITY REVENUE EXPENDITURE ON WASTE COLLECTION SERVICES (£'000 AT CURRENT PRICES) 2006/07 TO 2012/13 82
CHART 36 GB TRENDS IN MSW DISPOSAL BY MAIN METHODS BY TONNAGE (‘000 TONNES) UPLIFTED 2006/07 - 2012/13 83
TABLE 37 UK METHODS OF MSW DISPOSAL and RECOVERY BY REGION BY VOLUME HANDLED (‘000 TONNES) 2012/13 84
CHART 38 ENGLAND TRENDS IN LOCAL AUTHORITY REVENUE EXPENDITURE ON WASTE DISPOSAL SERVICES (£'000 AT CURRENT PRICES) 2006/07 TO 2012/13 85
CHART 39 UK CIW ARISINGS BY TYPES OF WASTE MATERIAL BY % OF TONNAGE UPLIFTED 2012 88
CHART 40 UK CIW ARISINGS BY TYPES OF WASTE MATERIAL BY % OF TONNAGE UPLIFTED 89
CHART 41 UK CIW ARISINGS BY REGION BY % BY VOLUME 90
CHART 42 UK CIW MANAGEMENT BY TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL METHODS BY % OF TONNAGE HANDLED 91
CHART 43 UK TRENDS IN SUPPLY OF BUILDING SAND and GRAVEL, READYMIX CONCRETE AND CEMENTITIOUS PRODUCTS 2008-2013 95
TABLE 44 GB CDEW TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL ROUTES BY % DEPOSITED BY TONNAGE 96
TABLE 45 PFI WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS 97
TABLE 46 NON-PFI PPP CONTRACTS 98
TABLE 47 WASTE MANAGEMENT INDUSTRY - ACQUISITIONS AND MERGERS 99
TABLE 48 UK COMMERCIAL MATERIAL RECYCLING FACILITIES HANDLING MSW and CIW - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT JULY 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER and STATUS 100
TABLE 49 UK COMMERCIAL ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PLANTS TREATING POST-CONSUMER FOOD WASTE - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT AUGUST 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER and STATUS 105
TABLE 50 UK COMMERCIAL IN-VESSEL COMPOSTING PLANTS - OPERATIONAL AND IN THE DEVELOPMENT PIPELINE AT SEPTEMBER 2014 BY REGION, PERMITTED CAPACITY, DEVELOPER and STATUS 107
TABLE 51 LEADING GENERAL WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTRACTORS IN THE COMMERCIAL and INDUSTRIAL SECTOR TURNOVERS AND REGIONS COVERED 109

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