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Germany - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

  • March 2017
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 139 pages

German telecom sector ambitious for gigabit society by 2025
Germany has one of Europe’s largest telecom markets, as befits a country with a population of more than 82 million. Penetration in the broadband and mobile sectors is about average for the region. Both the fixed network and broadband markets are dominated by Telekom Deutschland, though other notable players including freenet, Vodafone and Telefónica. These altnets have gained market share as the incumbent continues to struggle against regulated network access conditions and market competition, both of which have led to declining revenue during the last few years.

The number of mobile subscribers approaches 114 million. In common with most developed markets, the main driver for growth is in mobile data, with the number of mobile broadband subscribers having increased rapidly in recent years on the back of universally available 3G infrastructure and the extensive reach of LTE networks. Operators have invested in MIMO and carrier aggregation technologies to provide improved data rates. Looking forward, there is also increasing activity in 5G, with Deutsche Telekom in February 2017 announcing its intention to provide 5G across its networks from 2020.

The mobile market is dominated by a triopoly of MNOs, led by Telefónica Germany and followed by Telekom Deutschland (Deutsche Telekom’s domestic unit) and Vodafone Germany. Telefónica’s acquisition of E-Plus created an operator which by early 2017 had more than 44 million subscribers, while Telekom Deutschland had almost 42 million and Vodafone some 30 million. There is also healthy competition from an increasing number of resellers. This has placed pressure on voice and data tariffs, resulting in lower ARPU. Regulatory pressure on roaming charges and mobile termination rates have also eroded operator revenue, and encouraged them to step-up their development of data applications to improve profits.

Germany’s digital media market has grown strongly on the back of DSL, cable and fibre infrastructure, all of which are continuing to undergo upgrades with new technologies. The capacity for consumers to make use of videostreaming services will increase considerably during the next few years as cable operators begin to roll out services based on the DOCSIS3.1 standard across their footprints, complementing the expansion of Telekom Deutschland’s FttP network and the implementation of vectoring VDSL and G.fast technologies. Together, the deployment of these technologies is helping the country reach broadband targets set for 2020, as well as the more ambitious aim of creating a gigabit Germany by 2025.

This report introduces the key aspects of the German telecom market, providing data on the country’s fixed network infrastructure as well as key regulatory developments including the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability, and carrier preselection. It also profiles the major operators, and details the development of Next Generation Networks and issues relating to NGN access.

The report also covers the mobile voice, data and broadband markets, including an overview of regulatory developments and an evaluation of the main operators and their strategies for dealing with competition and emerging technologies in coming years. In addition the report profiles Germany’s fixed and wireless broadband markets, together with forecasts to 2021 and an analysis of developments with related technologies such as FttP, powerline broadband, wireless broadband, Wi-Fi and internet via satellite.

Key developments:

Regulator decides on future bitstream access requirements;
Telecom market revenue showing continued decline;
EWE to invest more than €1 billion in fibre-based infrastructure to 2026;
Industry pressure to develop a gigabit society by 2025;
Government progresses with Digital Agenda 2014 - 2017 program to expand broadband services nationally by 2018;
Telekom Deutschland expands vectoring VDSL;
Unitymedia to launch 1Gb/s service based on the DOCSIS3.1 later in 2017;
Vodafone Germany launches cloud-based GigaTV service;
Unitymedia makes Netflix available as an app on its Horizon TV platform;
Unitymedia to shut down analogue TV services in June 2017;
Telekom Deutschland launches NB-IoT network;
Vodafone Germany increases LTE speeds to 500Mb/s;
O2 reports having over 12 million LTE customers;
Deutsche Telekom commits to 5G across its network footprint;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2015, VATM’s 2016 market data, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q4 2016, recent market developments.


Companies mentioned in this report:

Telekom Deutschland, Deutsche Telekom, freenet, Tele2 Germany, Telefónica Germany (O2 Germany), Vodafone Germany, E-Plus, CallMobile, United Internet, Tiscali, QSC, Kabel BW, Kabel Deutschland, Unitymedia, PrimaCom, The Cloud, Energie Baden-Wurttemberg, Sky Deutschland.

Table Of Contents

Germany - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
1. Key statistics
1.1 Country overview
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Recent developments
2.2 Historical overview
3. Regulatory environment
3.1 Historical overview
3.1.1 EU regulatory framework
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
3.3.1 Privatisation
3.4 Interconnect
3.5 Access
3.5.1 ATM bitstream access
3.5.2 Access and NGNs
3.6 Number Portability (NP)
3.7 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
3.8 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
4. Fixed network operators
4.1 Market overview
4.2 Telekom Deutschland (Telekom, TD)
4.2.1 Sales and acquisitions
4.3 Vodafone
4.4 Freenet
4.5 Tele2
4.6 Telefónica Germany
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
5.3 International infrastructure
5.3.1 Terrestrial
5.3.2 Submarine cable networks
5.3.3 Satellite networks
5.4 Regulatory issues
5.4.1 Wholesaling
5.5 Smart infrastructure
5.5.1 Smart cities
5.5.2 Cloud developments
6. Broadband market
6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
6.1.1 Market analysis
6.1.2 Government support
6.1.3 Government Broadband Strategy
6.1.4 Gigabit society
6.1.5 Broadband statistics
6.1.6 Forecasts fixed broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
6.2.1 Cable market consolidation
6.2.2 Kabel BW
6.2.3 Kabel Deutschland (KDG)
6.2.4 Unitymedia (Kabel BW)
6.2.5 PrimaCom
6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
6.3.1 ADSL2+
6.3.2 VDSL
6.3.3 Vectoring DSL
6.3.4 Providers
6.3.5 G.fast
6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
6.4.1 Regulating fibre access
6.4.2 Telekom Deutschland
6.4.3 Other developments
6.5 Other fixed broadband services
6.5.1 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
6.5.2 Fixed wireless
7. Digital media
7.1 Business models
7.1.1 Operators
7.1.2 Bundled services
7.2 Key digital media players
7.2.1 Vodafone Kabel Deutschland
7.2.2 Kabel Baden-Württemberg (Kabel BW)
7.2.3 Tele Columbus
7.2.4 Unitymedia
7.3 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
7.3.1 DVB-T2
7.3.2 Analogue switch-off
7.4 Videostreaming
7.4.1 Telekom Deutschland
7.4.2 Telefónica Germany
7.4.3 Vodafone
7.4.4 Sky Deutschland
7.4.5 Other developments
7.5 Communications
7.5.1 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
7.6 Satellite TV
7.6.1 Sky Deutschland
8. Mobile communications
8.1 Market analysis
8.2 Mobile statistics
8.2.1 General statistics
8.2.2 Operator market shares
8.2.3 Mobile voice
8.2.4 Mobile data services
8.2.5 Mobile broadband
8.3 Regulatory issues
8.3.1 Regulatory authority
8.3.2 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
8.3.3 Roaming
8.3.4 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
8.3.5 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
8.3.6 Network sharing
8.4 Mobile infrastructure
8.4.1 Digital networks
8.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
8.4.3 Internet of Things (IoT)
8.4.4 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
8.5 Major mobile operators
8.5.1 Telekom Deutschland
8.5.2 Vodafone
8.5.3 O2 Germany
8.5.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
8.6 Mobile content and applications
8.6.1 Mobile banking
8.6.2 M-payments
8.6.3 Mobile Cloud
8.6.4 Mobile TV
Table 1 Country statistics 2016 (e)
Table 2 Telecom revenue and investment statistics 2016 (e)
Table 3 Telephone network statistics 2016 (e)
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2016 (e)
Table 5 Broadband statistics 2016 (e)
Table 6 Mobile statistics 2016 (e)
Table 7 National telecommunications authority
Table 8 Historic - Fixed-line investment: Telekom and altnets 1998 - 2009
Table 9 Fixed-line investment: Telekom and altnets 2010 - 2016
Table 10 New entrants' market share of revenue, investment 2008 - 2012
Table 11 New entrants' market share of subscribers by sector 2008 - 2012
Table 12 Telecom market revenue by sector (VATM data) 2009 - 2016
Table 13 Historic - Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets 1998 - 2009
Table 14 Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets 2010 - 2016
Table 15 Telecom market investment: fixed and mobile (regulator data) 1998 - 2013
Table 16 Voice traffic by sector 2007 - 2016
Table 17 Telekom Deutschland unbundled lines 2008 2016
Table 18 Fixed number portings 2009 - 2013
Table 19 CPS, Call by Call and direct call traffic 2007 - 2016
Table 20 Altnet fixed voice traffic by type 2009 - 2013
Table 21 Fixed-line market revenue 1998 - 2012
Table 22 Fixed-telecom traffic, DT and altnets 1998 - 2012
Table 23 Fixed-telephony channels by type (VATM data) 2006 - 2015
Table 24 Competitor share of telephone channels (VATM data) 1998 - 2012
Table 25 Proportion of voice lines by sector 2010 - 2013
Table 26 Telekom Deutschland domestic revenue 2009 - 2016
Table 27 Telekom Deutschland domestic subscribers by sector 2008 - 2016
Table 28 Deutsche Telekom Group financial data 2005 - 2016
Table 29 Vodafone fixed-line revenue 2005 - 2017
Table 30 Freenet fixed network subscribers by sector 2005 - 2016
Table 31 Freenet financial data by segment 2005 - 2016
Table 32 Tele2 subscriber statistics by sector 2007 - 2016
Table 33 Tele2 revenue by sector 2007 - 2016
Table 34 O2 Germany subscribers by sector 2007 - 2016
Table 35 O2 Germany financial data 2007 - 2016
Table 36 Fixed lines in service by type 2002 - 2017
Table 37 Fixed lines in service by type 2005 - 2013
Table 38 International internet bandwidth 2025 - 2015
Table 39 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1999 - 2009
Table 40 Internet users and penetration rate 2010 - 2018
Table 41 Broadband subscriber lines by type 2006 - 2016
Table 42 Narrowband internet traffic in minutes 1999 - 2009
Table 43 Broadband traffic, by year and average per connection 2005 - 2016
Table 44 Market share of broadband subscribers by provider 2012 - 2016
Table 45 Broadband penetration 2001 - 2018
Table 46 Broadband penetration by sector 2007 - 2016
Table 47 Broadband lines by data rates 2005 - 2016
Table 48 Proportion of broadband lines by data rates (VATM data) 2007 - 2015
Table 49 Share of overall fixed broadband lines by provider 2003 - 2016
Table 50 Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
Table 51 Cable broadband subscribers 2000 - 2017
Table 52 Kabel BW broadband and telephony subscribers (historic) 2010 - 2011
Table 53 Kabel BW financial data (historic) 2006 - 2012
Table 54 Kabel Deutschland financial data 2008 - 2016
Table 55 Kabel Deutschland internet and telephony RGUs 2007 - 2016
Table 56 Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU 2007 - 2016
Table 57 Unitymedia Kabel BW broadband and telephony subscribers 2006 - 2016
Table 58 Unitymedia financial data 2006 - 2016
Table 59 PrimaCom financial data 2013 - 2014
Table 60 Proportion of DSL connections by provider 2001 - 2014
Table 61 DSL broadband subscribers 2001 - 2017
Table 62 Telekom Deutschland wholesale and resale lines 2004 - 2016
Table 63 Versatel financial data (historic) 2008 - 2011
Table 64 Versatel mass market subscribers (historic) 2008 - 2011
Table 65 United Internet financial data 2007 - 2016
Table 66 United Internet subscribers by type 2010 - 2016
Table 67 Vodafone fixed broadband subscribers 2010 - 2016
Table 68 Historic - Freenet subscribers by sector 2005 - 2016
Table 69 Historic - Freenet financial data by segment 2005 - 2016
Table 70 Telefónica (O2) broadband subscribers 2007 2016
Table 71 QSC financial data 2006 - 2016
Table 72 Households passed with fibre 2007 - 2016
Table 73 Annual net additions in FttP/B households passed and connected 2011 - 2016
Table 74 FttP/B connections by provider 2011 - 2016
Table 75 FttP/B share of connections by provider 2007 - 2016
Table 76 Telekom Deutschland fibre s 2015 - 2016
Table 77 Satellite broadband subscribers 2004 - 2015
Table 78 Cable TV revenue 1998 - 2016
Table 79 Services based on cable TV connections 2008 - 2013
Table 80 Kabel Deutschland subscribers by sector 2007 2016
Table 81 Kabel Deutschland RGUs by sector 2007 - 2016
Table 82 Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU 2007 - 2016
Table 83 Kabel Deutschland financial data 2008 - 2016
Table 84 Historic - Kabel BW financial data 2006 - 2011
Table 85 Historic - Kabel BW cable TV subscribers 2010 - 2011
Table 86 Tele Columbus financial data 2013 - 2016
Table 87 Tele Columbus connected households 2013 - 2016
Table 88 Tele Columbus RGUs 2013 - 2016
Table 89 Unitymedia Kabel BW TV subscribers 2006 - 2016
Table 90 Unitymedia financial data 2006 - 2016
Table 91 DTTV penetration 2002 - 2015
Table 92 Deutsche Telekom TV subscribers 2007 - 2016
Table 93 O2 Germany subscribers by type 2009 - 2016
Table 94 VoIP lines by type 2010 - 2014
Table 95 Satellite pay-TV subscribers and penetration rate 2000 - 2011; 2015
Table 96 Sky financial data (old style) 2006 - 2013
Table 97 Sky financial data 2014 - 2017
Table 98 Sky subscribers 2007 - 2015
Table 99 Sky subscribers by type (Germany and Austria) 2013 - 2016
Table 100 Sky ARPU 2008 - 2016
Table 101 Historic Active mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1995 - 2009
Table 102 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2017
Table 103 Historic - Mobile market revenue 1998 2004
Table 104 Mobile market revenue 2005 2016
Table 105 Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) 1998 2018
Table 106 Mobile network investment 1998 - 2010
Table 107 Average use per SIM card by service 2011 - 2014
Table 108 Prepaid customer share of all subscribers 2000 - 2016
Table 109 Mobile operator share of retail revenue 2008 - 2016
Table 110 Mobile market share of subscribers by operator 2000 - 2016
Table 111 Mobile data sent 2005 - 2016
Table 112 Mobile data traffic subscribers by volume band (data per month) 2013 - 2015
Table 113 Proportion of mobile data traffic by volume band (data per month) 2013 2015
Table 114 Annual mobile data revenue 2008 - 2014
Table 115 Historic - SMS annual message traffic 1998 - 2009
Table 116 SMS annual message traffic 2010 - 2017
Table 117 SMS sent per day 2005 - 2015
Table 118 MMS traffic 2002 - 2012
Table 119 Mobile 3G/LTE data users 2009 - 2017
Table 120 Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2007 2017
Table 121 European roaming charges 2007 - 2016
Table 122 European data roaming charges 2012 - 2016
Table 123 Mobile number portings 2009 - 2013
Table 124 Mobile termination tariffs by operator 2007 - 2013
Table 125 O2 Deutschland LTE subscribers 2014 - 2016
Table 126 O2 Germany M2M connections 2014 - 2015
Table 127 Telekom Deutschland mobile financial data (Germany) 2005 - 2016
Table 128 Telekom Deutschland subscribers 2001 - 2016
Table 129 Telekom Deutschland average consumer monthly churn (Germany) 2009 - 2016
Table 130 Vodafone Germany ARPU 2008 - 2016
Table 131 Vodafone Germany customer churn 2007 - 2016
Table 132 Vodafone Germany voice and data usage 2005 - 2016
Table 133 Vodafone Germany mobile subscribers 2006 - 2016
Table 134 Vodafone Germany financial data 2003 - 2016
Table 135 Vodafone Germany financial data (new format) 2015 - 2017
Table 136 Vodafone mobile customer cost 2007 - 2016
Table 137 O2 subscribers contract and prepaid 2005 - 2016
Table 138 O2 monthly ARPU 2006 - 2016
Table 139 O2 mobile revenue 2006 - 2016
Table 140 O2 mobile revenue by type 2011 - 2016
Table 141 Drillisch financial data 2011 - 2015
Table 142 Drillisch mobile subscribers 2012 - 2016
Table 143 Freenet Group subscribers 2007 - 2016
Table 144 Freenet (mobile) financial data 2007 - 2016
Table 145 Freenet Group ARPU 2007 - 2016
Chart 1 Fixed-line investments: Telekom and altnets 2005 2016
Chart 2 Telecom market revenue 2002 2016
Chart 3 Fixed-telephony channels by type (VATM data) 2006 - 2015
Chart 4 Telekom Deutschland domestic revenue 2009 - 2016
Chart 5 Telekom Deutschland domestic subscribers by sector 2008 - 2016
Chart 6 Deutsche Telekom Group financial data 2005 - 2016
Chart 7 Freenet financial data by segment 2005 - 2016
Chart 8 Tele2 subscriber statistics by sector 2007 2016
Chart 9 Tele2 revenue by sector 2007 - 2016
Chart 10 O2 Germany subscribers by sector 2007 - 2016
Chart 11 O2 Germany financial data 2007 - 2016
Chart 12 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 - 2016
Chart 13 Broadband subscriber lines by type 2006 2016
Chart 14 Broadband lines by data rates 2005 2016
Chart 15 Proportion of broadband lines by data rates (VATM data) 2007 2016
Chart 16 Kabel Deutschland financial data 2008 - 2016
Chart 17 Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU 2007 - 2016
Chart 18 Unitymedia Kabel BW broadband and telephony subscribers 2006 - 2016
Chart 19 Unitymedia Kabel BW financial data 2006 - 2016
Chart 20 Telekom Deutschland wholesale and resale lines 2004 - 2016
Chart 21 United Internet financial data 2007 - 2016
Chart 22 United Internet subscribers by type 2010 2016
Chart 23 QSC financial data 2007 - 2016
Chart 24 Households passed with fibre 2007 2016
Chart 25 Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU 2007 - 2016
Chart 26 Kabel Deutschland financial data 2008 - 2016
Chart 27 Unitymedia Kabel BW TV subscribers 2006 - 2016
Chart 28 Unitymedia financial data 2006 - 2016
Chart 29 O2 subscribers by type 2009 - 2016
Chart 30 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2017
Chart 31 Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) 1998 2018
Chart 32 Mobile market share of subscribers by operator 2006 - 2016
Chart 33 SMS annual message traffic 2005 - 2017
Chart 34 O2 subscribers contract and prepaid 2005 - 2016
Chart 35 O2 monthly ARPU 2006 - 2016
Chart 36 Freenet Group subscribers 2007 - 2016
Chart 37 Freenet Group ARPU 2007 - 2016
Chart 38 Freenet (mobile) financial data 2007 2016
Exhibit 1 EU The New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
Exhibit 2 Access and the local loop
Exhibit 3 Number portability defined
Exhibit 4 Germany's 3G auction results August 2000
Exhibit 5 Spectrum allocation overview 2011
Exhibit 6 Spectrum auction results (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) May 2010
Exhibit 7 Spectrum auction block allocations (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) May 2010
Exhibit 8 Spectrum auction assignments by operator (800MHz) May 2010
Exhibit 9 Spectrum auction results (700MHz, 900MHz, 1.5GHz, 1.8GHz) June 2015
Exhibit 10 German 3G network sharing agreements

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