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Germany - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

  • January 2016
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 158 pages

German ISPs to deliver on vectoring and G.fast for superfast broadband
Germany has one of Europe’s largest telecom markets, as befits a country with a population of more than 81 million. Penetration in the broadband and mobile sectors is about average for the region. Both the fixed network and broadband markets are dominated by Telekom Deutschland, though other notable players including freenet, Vodafone and Telefónica, have gained market share as the incumbent continues to rebound from a poor performance which has led to declining revenue since 2010.

Germany also has the second largest broadband market in Europe. The dominant DSL platform is led by Telekom Deutschland which has invested in network upgrades in recent years, with a focus of VDSL and vectoring technologies combined with fibre. The company has also trialled G.fast technology to add to the mix, and so provide a more economically feasible super-fast broadband product to meet the demands and timetable of the government’s national broadband targets by 2020. The strategy is also aimed at competing with cablcos, which by 2017 will begin deploying DOCSIS 3.1 networks and hardware capable of delivering data at up to 1Gb/s.

The mobile market is the largest in Europe, with about 118 million subscribers generating the largest proportion of revenue in the telecom sector as a whole. In common with most markets the main area of growth is in mobile data, with the number of mobile broadband subscribers having increased rapidly in recent years on the back of extensively available 3G and LTE networks. The market was long dominated by Telekom Deutschland and Vodafone Germany, though the acquisition of E-Plus by Telefónica has effectively created a triopoly of MNOs with relatively similar market share among them. There is also healthy market competition from an increasing number of resellers and MVNOs, which has placed pressure on voice and data tariffs, resulting in lower ARPU. Regulatory pressure on roaming charges and mobile termination rates have also eroded operator revenue, and encouraged them to step-up their development of data applications to improve profits.

These investments provide enormous potential for future growth, particularly given recent spectrum auctions which have enable operators to improve the reach and capabilities of their networks. As well as having refarmed digital dividend spectrum for mobile broadband use, the regulator auctioned additional spectrum in the 700MHz band in June 2015, paving the way for national mobile broadband coverage when this spectrum becomes available from 2017.

This report introduces the key aspects of the telecom market in Germany, providing comprehensive data on the country’s fixed network infrastructure as well as key regulatory developments including the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability, and carrier preselection. It also profiles the major operators, and details the development of Next Generation Networks. The report also provides statistics and analyses on the mobile market, including an overview of the main operators and their strategies for dealing with competition and emerging technologies in coming years. In addition, the report covers Germany’s fixed and wireless broadband markets, including analyses of developments with related technologies such as Fibre-to-the-Premises, powerline broadband, wireless broadband, Wi-Fi and internet via satellite.

Key developments:
Regulator decides on future bitstream access requirements;
Telecom market revenue showing continued contraction;
Telekom Deutschland trials tri-band LTE-A technology;
Regulator secures €5 billion from multi-band auction;
Vodafone and O2 report strong growth in LTE customer base;
Unitymedia drops KabelBW brand;
Sky acquires 87.4% of Sky Deutschland;
Tele Columbus launches mobile services;
Government adopts Digital Agenda 2014 - 2017 program to expand broadband services nationally by 2018;
Telekom Deutschland launches vectoring VDSL;
EC sanctions government’s €3 billion investment in national broadband infrastructure;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2014, VATM market data updates for 2015, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q3 2015, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:
Telekom Deutschland, BT Global Services, Tele2 Germany, Telefónica Germany (O2 Germany), United Internet, Vodafone, Tiscali, Freenet, Telefónica, QSC, Kabel BW, Kabel Deutschland, Unitymedia, PrimaCom, The Cloud, Energie Baden-Wurttemberg, E-Plus, CallMobile.

Table Of Contents

Germany - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
1. Key statistics
1.1 Country overview
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Recent developments
2.2 Historical overview
3. Regulatory environment
3.1 Historical overview
3.1.1 EU regulatory framework
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.2.1 Federal Network Agency (FNA, BNetzA)
3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Germany
3.3.1 Privatisation of Deutsche Telekom
3.4 Interconnect
3.5 Access
3.5.1 ATM bitstream access
3.5.2 Access and NGNs
3.6 Number Portability (NP)
3.7 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
3.8 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
4. Fixed network operators
4.1 Market overview
4.2 Telekom Deutschland (Telekom, TD)
4.2.1 Operator overview and statistics
4.2.2 Structural review
4.2.3 Strategy
4.2.4 Sales and acquisitions
4.3 Vodafone
4.3.1 Operator overview and statistics
4.4 Freenet
4.4.1 Operator overview and statistics
4.5 Debitel
4.5.1 Operator overview and statistics
4.6 BT Global Services
4.6.1 Operator overview
4.7 Tele2
4.7.1 Operator overview and statistics
4.8 Telefónica
4.8.1 Operator overview and statistics
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
5.3 International infrastructure
5.3.1 Terrestrial
5.3.2 Submarine cable networks
5.3.3 Satellite networks
5.4 Regulatory issues
5.4.1 Wholesaling
5.5 Cloud developments
6. Broadband market
6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
6.1.1 Market analysis
6.1.2 Government support
6.1.3 Government Broadband Strategy
6.1.4 Broadband statistics
6.1.5 Forecasts fixed broadband subscribers 2015; 2017; 2020
6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
6.2.1 Cable market consolidation
6.2.2 Regulating cable access
6.2.3 Kabel BW
6.2.4 Kabel Deutschland (KDG)
6.2.5 Unitymedia (Kabel BW)
6.2.6 PrimaCom
6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
6.3.1 ADSL2+
6.3.2 VDSL
6.3.3 Vectoring DSL
6.3.4 Telekom Deutschland
6.3.5 Versatel
6.3.6 United Internet
6.3.7 Vodafone
6.3.8 Tiscali
6.3.9 Freenet
6.3.10 Telefónica
6.3.11 QSC
6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
6.4.1 Regulating fibre access
6.4.2 Telekom Deutschland
6.4.3 Other developments
6.5 Other fixed broadband services
6.5.1 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
6.5.2 G.fast
6.5.3 Fixed wireless
7. Digital media
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Business models
7.3 Key digital media players
7.3.1 Kabel Deutschland (KDG)
7.3.2 Kabel Baden-Württemberg (Kabel BW)
7.3.3 Tele Columbus
7.3.4 Unitymedia
7.3.5 Other operators
7.4 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
7.4.1 DVB-T2
7.4.2 Analogue switch-off
7.4.3 Digital dividend
7.5 Videostreaming
7.5.1 Telekom Deutschland
7.5.2 Telefónica Germany
7.5.3 Vodafone
7.5.4 Sky Deutschland
7.5.5 Other developments
7.6 Communications
7.6.1 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
7.6.2 Voice over Digital Subscriber Line (VoDSL)
7.6.3 Voice over Cable
7.7 Satellite TV
7.7.1 Sky Deutschland
8. Mobile communications
8.1 Market analysis
8.2 Mobile statistics
8.2.1 General statistics
8.2.2 Prepaid cards
8.2.3 Operator market shares
8.2.4 Mobile voice
8.2.5 Mobile data services
8.2.6 Mobile broadband
8.3 Regulatory issues
8.3.1 Regulatory authority
8.3.2 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
8.3.3 Roaming
8.3.4 Number portability
8.3.5 Fixed-to-mobile call charges
8.3.6 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
8.3.7 Network sharing
8.4 Mobile infrastructure
8.4.1 Digital networks
8.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
8.4.3 Fixed-mobile convergence
8.5 Major mobile operators
8.5.1 Telekom Deutschland
8.5.2 Vodafone
8.5.3 E-Plus
8.5.4 O2 Germany
8.5.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
8.5.6 Regional operators
8.6 Mobile content and applications
8.6.1 Mobile banking
8.6.2 M-payments
8.6.3 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
8.6.4 Mobile Cloud
Table 1 Country statistics 2015 (e)
Table 2 Telecom revenue and investment statistics 2015 (e)
Table 3 Telephone network statistics 2015 (e)
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2015 (e)
Table 5 Broadband statistics 2015 (e)
Table 6 Mobile statistics 2015 (e)
Table 7 National telecommunications authority
Table 8 Telecom market investment: Telekom and altnets (regulator data) 1998 - 2004
Table 9 Fixed-line investments, Telekom and altnets 2005 - 2015
Table 10 New entrants' market share of revenue, investment 2008 - 2012
Table 11 New entrants' market share of subscribers by sector 2008 - 2012
Table 12 Telecom market revenue by sector 2009 - 2013
Table 13 Telecom market revenue by sector (VATM data) 2009 - 2015
Table 14 Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets (regulator data) 1998 - 2004
Table 15 Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets (regulator and VATM data) 2005 - 2016
Table 16 Telecom market investment: fixed and mobile (regulator data) 1998 - 2013
Table 17 Telekom Deutschland unbundled lines 2008 - 2015
Table 18 CPS, Call by Call and direct call traffic 2007 - 2015
Table 19 Altnet fixed voice traffic by type 2009 - 2013
Table 20 Historic - Fixed-line market revenue 1998 - 2004
Table 21 Fixed-line market revenue by type 2005 - 2012
Table 22 Fixed-telecom traffic, DT and altnets 1998 - 2012
Table 23 Fixed-telephony channels by type (VATM data) 2006 - 2015
Table 24 Competitor share of telephone channels (VATM data) 1998 - 2012
Table 25 Proportion of voice lines by sector 2010 - 2013
Table 26 Telekom Deutschland domestic revenue 2009 - 2015
Table 27 Telekom Deutschland domestic subscribers by sector 2008 - 2015
Table 28 Deutsche Telekom Group financial data 2005 - 2015
Table 29 Vodafone fixed-line revenue 2005 - 2016
Table 30 Freenet fixed network subscribers by sector 2005 - 2015
Table 31 Freenet financial data by segment 2005 - 2015
Table 32 Debitel subscribers data (historic) 2004 - 2007
Table 33 Debitel financial data (historic) 2004 - 2007
Table 34 Tele2 subscriber statistics by sector 2007 - 2015
Table 35 Tele2 revenue by sector 2007 - 2015
Table 36 O2 Germany subscribers by sector 2007 - 2015
Table 37 O2 Germany financial data 2007 - 2015
Table 38 Fixed lines in service by type 2025 - 2015
Table 39 Fixed lines in service by type 2005 - 2013
Table 40 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1999 - 2004
Table 41 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 - 2016
Table 42 Broadband subscriber lines by type 2006 - 2015
Table 43 Broadband subscribers by platform 2001 - 2015
Table 44 Narrowband internet traffic in minutes 1999 - 2009
Table 45 Broadband traffic, by year and average per connection 2005 - 2015
Table 46 Market share of broadband subscribers by provider 2012 - 2015
Table 47 Broadband penetration 2001 - 2015
Table 48 Broadband penetration by sector 2007 - 2014
Table 49 Broadband lines by data rates 2005 - 2015
Table 50 Proportion of broadband lines by data rates (VATM data) 2007 - 2015
Table 51 Broadband market share by data rates (regulator data) 2010 2011; 2013
Table 52 Share of overall fixed broadband lines by provider (regulator) 2003 - 2013
Table 53 Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers 2015; 2017; 2020
Table 54 Cable broadband subscribers 2000 - 2015
Table 55 Kabel BW broadband and telephony subscribers (historic) 2010 - 2011
Table 56 Kabel BW financial data (historic) 2006 - 2012
Table 57 Kabel Deutschland financial data 2008 - 2016
Table 58 Kabel Deutschland subscribers by sector 2007 2015
Table 59 Kabel Deutschland RGUs by sector 2007 - 2015
Table 60 Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU 2007 - 2015
Table 61 Unitymedia Kabel BW broadband and telephony subscribers 2006 - 2015
Table 62 Unitymedia financial data 2006 - 2015
Table 63 PrimaCom financial data 2013 - 2014
Table 64 Proportion of DSL connections by provider 2001 - 2013
Table 65 Telekom Deutschland wholesale and resale lines 2004 - 2015
Table 66 Versatel financial data (historic) 2008 - 2011
Table 67 Versatel mass market subscribers (historic) 2008 - 2011
Table 68 United Internet financial data 2007 - 2015
Table 69 United Internet subscribers by type 2010 - 2015
Table 70 Vodafone fixed broadband subscribers 2010 - 2015
Table 71 Historic - Freenet subscribers by sector 2005 - 2015
Table 72 Historic - Freenet financial data by segment 2005 - 2015
Table 73 Telefónica (O2) broadband subscribers 2007 2015
Table 74 QSC financial data 2006 - 2015
Table 75 Households passed with fibre 2007 - 2015
Table 76 Satellite broadband subscribers 2004 - 2015
Table 77 Cable TV revenue 1998 - 2013
Table 78 Services based on cable TV connections 2008 - 2013
Table 79 Kabel Deutschland subscribers by sector 2007 2015
Table 80 Kabel Deutschland RGUs by sector 2007 - 2015
Table 81 Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU 2007 - 2015
Table 82 Kabel Deutschland financial data 2008 - 2016
Table 83 Historic - Kabel BW financial data 2006 - 2011
Table 84 Historic - Kabel BW cable TV subscribers 2010 - 2011
Table 85 Unitymedia Kabel BW TV subscribers 2006 - 2015
Table 86 Unitymedia financial data 2006 - 2015
Table 87 DTTV penetration 2002 - 2015
Table 88 Deutsche Telekom Entertain IPTV subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 89 HanseNet financial data (historic) 2007 - 2009
Table 90 O2 subscribers by type 2009 - 2014
Table 91 Satellite pay-TV subscribers and penetration rate 2000 - 2011; 2015
Table 92 Sky financial data (old style) 2006 - 2013
Table 93 Sky financial data 2014 - 2015
Table 94 Sky subscribers 2007 - 2015
Table 95 Sky subscribers by type (Germany and Austria) 2013 - 2015
Table 96 Sky ARPU 2008 - 2015
Table 97 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1995 - 2004
Table 98 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2016
Table 99 Historic - Mobile market revenue 1998 2004
Table 100 Mobile market revenue 2005 2015
Table 101 Mobile network traffic (per day) 2005 2015
Table 102 Historic - Mobile network traffic (outgoing/incoming) 1999 2004
Table 103 Mobile network traffic (outgoing/incoming) 2005 2015
Table 104 Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) 1998 2013
Table 105 Mobile network investment 1998 - 2013
Table 106 Prepaid customer share of all subscribers 2000 - 2016
Table 107 Mobile operator share of retail revenue 2008 - 2015
Table 108 Mobile market share of subscribers by operator 2000 - 2015
Table 109 Mobile data sent 2005 - 2014
Table 110 Annual mobile data revenue 2008 - 2014
Table 111 Mobile data as proportion to mobile revenue, by type 2007 - 2013
Table 112 Historic - SMS annual message traffic 1998 - 2004
Table 113 SMS annual message traffic 2005 - 2015
Table 114 SMS sent per day 2005 - 2015
Table 115 MMS traffic 2002 - 2012
Table 116 Mobile 3G/LTE data users 2009 - 2015
Table 117 Mobile data traffic 2009 - 2015
Table 118 Mobile data traffic subscribers by volume band (data per month) 2013 - 2015
Table 119 Proportion of mobile data traffic by volume band (data per month) 2013 2015
Table 120 European roaming charges 2007 - 2016
Table 121 European data roaming charges 2012 - 2016
Table 122 Mobile termination tariffs by operator 2007 - 2013
Table 123 Number of regular 3G subscribers 2005 - 2016
Table 124 O2 Deutschland LTE subscribers 2014 - 2015
Table 125 Telekom Deutschland mobile financial data (Germany) 2005 - 2015
Table 126 Telekom Deutschland subscribers 2001 - 2015
Table 127 Telekom Deutschland average consumer monthly churn (Germany) 2009 - 2015
Table 128 Vodafone Germany ARPU 2008 - 2015
Table 129 Vodafone Germany customer churn 2007 - 2015
Table 130 Vodafone Germany voice and data usage 2005 - 2015
Table 131 Vodafone Germany mobile subscribers 2006 - 2015
Table 132 Vodafone Germany financial data 2003 - 2016
Table 133 Vodafone mobile customer cost 2007 - 2016
Table 134 E-Plus mobile revenue (historic) 2006 - 2014
Table 135 E-Plus revenue and traffic (historic) 2006 - 2014
Table 136 E-Plus subscribers by sector (historic) 2006 - 2014
Table 137 E-Plus ARPU by sector (historic) 2006 - 2014
Table 138 E-Plus net adds: prepaid/contract (historic) 2006 - 2014
Table 139 E-Plus annualised customer churn (historic) 2008 - 2014
Table 140 O2 subscribers contract and prepaid 2005 - 2015
Table 141 O2 monthly ARPU 2006 - 2015
Table 142 O2 mobile revenue 2006 - 2015
Table 143 O2 mobile revenue by type 2011 - 2015
Table 144 Freenet Group subscribers 2007 - 2015
Table 145 Freenet Group ARPU 2007 - 2015
Table 146 Freenet (mobile) financial data 2007 - 2015
Table 147 Drillisch financial data 2011 - 2015
Table 148 Drillisch mobile subscribers 2012 - 2015
Chart 1 Fixed-line investments, Telekom and altnets 2005 2015
Chart 2 Telecom market revenue 2002 2016
Chart 3 Fixed-line market revenue 2005 2012
Chart 4 Fixed-telephony channels by type (VATM data) 2006 - 2015
Chart 5 Telekom Deutschland domestic revenue 2009 - 2015
Chart 6 Telekom Deutschland domestic subscribers by sector 2008 - 2015
Chart 7 Deutsche Telekom Group financial data 2005 - 2015
Chart 8 Freenet financial data by segment 2005 - 2015
Chart 9 Tele2 subscriber statistics by sector 2007 2015
Chart 10 Tele2 revenue by sector 2007 - 2015
Chart 11 O2 Germany subscribers by sector 2007 - 2015
Chart 12 O2 Germany financial data 2007 - 2015
Chart 13 Internet users and penetration rate 2000 - 2016
Chart 14 Broadband subscriber lines by type 2006 2015
Chart 15 Broadband subscribers by platform 2001 - 2015
Chart 16 Broadband lines by data rates 2005 2015
Chart 17 Proportion of broadband lines by data rates (VATM data) 2007 2015
Chart 18 Kabel Deutschland financial data 2008 - 2016
Chart 19 Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU 2007 - 2015
Chart 20 Unitymedia Kabel BW broadband and telephony subscribers 2006 - 2015
Chart 21 Unitymedia Kabel BW financial data 2006 - 2015
Chart 22 Telekom Deutschland wholesale and resale lines 2004 - 2015
Chart 23 United Internet financial data 2007 - 2015
Chart 24 United Internet subscribers by type 2010 2015
Chart 25 QSC financial data 2007 - 2015
Chart 26 Households passed with fibre 2007 2015
Chart 27 Kabel Deutschland RGUs by sector 2007 - 2015
Chart 28 Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU 2007 - 2015
Chart 29 Kabel Deutschland financial data 2008 - 2016
Chart 30 Unitymedia Kabel BW TV subscribers 2006 - 2015
Chart 31 Unitymedia Kabel BW financial data 2006 - 2015
Chart 32 O2 subscribers by type 2009 - 2014
Chart 33 Sky subscribers 2007 - 2015
Chart 34 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2016
Chart 35 Mobile network traffic (outgoing/incoming) 2005 2015
Chart 36 Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) 1998 2013
Chart 37 Mobile market share of subscribers by operator 2006 - 2015
Chart 38 Mobile data as proportion to mobile revenue, by type 2007 2013
Chart 39 SMS annual message traffic 2005 - 2015
Chart 40 O2 subscribers contract and prepaid 2005 - 2015
Chart 41 O2 monthly ARPU 2006 - 2015
Chart 42 Freenet Group subscribers 2007 - 2015
Chart 43 Freenet Group ARPU 2007 - 2015
Chart 44 Freenet (mobile) financial data 2007 2015
Exhibit 1 EU The New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
Exhibit 2 Access and the local loop
Exhibit 3 Number portability defined
Exhibit 4 Germany's 3G auction results August 2000
Exhibit 5 Spectrum allocation overview 2011
Exhibit 6 Spectrum auction results (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) May 2010
Exhibit 7 Spectrum auction block allocations (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) May 2010
Exhibit 8 Spectrum auction assignments by operator (800MHz) May 2010
Exhibit 9 Spectrum auction results (700MHz, 900MHz, 1.5GHz, 1.8GHz) June 2015
Exhibit 10 German 3G network sharing agreements

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