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Spain - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

  • January 2016
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 134 pages

Spain’s fibre network sharing helps boost growth in FttP connections

In recent years the value of Spain’s telecom market has fallen, with the sector affected by the poor economic climate resulting in high unemployment and reduced disposable income among consumers. However, a five-year recession, with tumbling GDP, effectively ended in 2014 when the economy showed a steady return to growth for four quarters in succession. Growing confidence among investors was palpable during 2015, and the improved business climate augurs well for the sector into 2016.

Mobile penetration is high and growing steadily, while broadband uptake is backed by continuing investment in infrastructure among operators in a bid to provide improved bundled services and so compete more effectively against other players. The regulator has fostered competition by providing access to the incumbent’s DSL and FttP networks, which has stimulated fibre roll-outs. The newly elected conservative government will be pressed to implement policies which encourage the ICT sector, secure the development of NGNs, and ensure that Spain has a vibrant telecoms infrastructure to enable it to compete in a global economy.

The strong growth in the number of fibre broadband connections is beginning to tell on the broadband sector’s dynamics, with fibre becoming one of the strongest areas. Although several operators are investing in fibre, Telefónica is by far the dominant player. Operators are continuing to invest in their own networks, as well as networks being built through sharing arrangements.
Spain has one of the largest mobile markets in Europe, with effective competition from four MNOs and a growing number of resellers and MVNOs. This competition, together with regulated roaming and termination rates, has driven down the cost of mobile calls in recent years. The auction of additional spectrum early in 2016 will help operators keep pace with the growth in demand for mobile data. In late 2015 Telefónica set up a test bed in Madrid to develop 5G technologies. Both Orange Spain and Vodafone Spain have acquired fixed-line operators in a bid to compete more effectively with Movistar in their bundled service offerings.

The digital media market has also developed strongly in line with investments in fixed-line infrastructure. This has resulted in rapid increases in the number of in next generation network access lines. The focus on faster networks, encouraged by the government and facilitated by regulatory measures promoting access to networks, is increasingly dependent on fibre. The videostreaming market is increasingly competitive, with Netflix having entered the market in mid-2015, competing with Telefónica’s popular Yomvi service and Vodafone’s new Vodafone One service.

This report assesses the key aspects of the Spanish telecom market, providing statistics on the fixed-network services sector and profiles of the main players. The report examines the telcos’ strategies to address an increasingly competitive environment, and also assesses the main regulatory issues, noting the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. In addition, the report reviews the fixed and wireless broadband markets, together with developments in related technologies such as fibre, and broadband powerline. It includes statistics and market analyses on the mobile sector, detailing the major providers and MVNOs and analysing a range of mobile data services.

Key developments:

Telefónica moving to a virtual network for a third of its international infrastructure by 2016;
New government pressed to revitalise telecoms sector;
Euskaltel completes its acquisition of the Galician operator R Cable;
Movistar boosts fibre to 300Mb/s;
Regulator sets pricing for competitors to access Telefónica’s fibre network;
Vodafone scales back joint fibre agreement with Orange following its acquisition of Ono;
FttP accounting for a third of all fixed-line broadband connections;
Netflix launches services in Spain;
Jazztel launches Jazzbox OTT platform;
Regulator prepares to auction spectrum in the 2.6GHz and 3.5GHz bands, increases spectrum allowance which telcos can hold;
Vodafone trials LTE broadcast technology, progresses with VoLTE and VoWi-Fi;
Telefónica launches home security service based on M2M;
Orange Espana investing up to €1.5 billion to provide 95% population coverage with LTE by 2017;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data to October 2015, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q3 2015, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:
Orange, Telefónica, Jazztel, Ono, Movistar, Vodafone, Lebara, Lycamobile, MasMovil, YouMobile, Canal+, Prisa TV.

Table Of Contents

Spain - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
1. Key statistics
1.1 Country overview
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Historical overview
2.1.1 Avanza Plan
2.1.2 General Telecommunications Act
3. Regulatory environment
3.1 Historical overview
3.2 EU regulatory framework
3.3 Revised NFR
3.4 Regulatory authority
3.5 Telecom sector liberalisation
3.6 Interconnect
3.7 Access
3.8 Number Portability (NP)
3.9 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
3.10 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
4. Fixed network operators
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Telefónica
4.2.1 Company restructure
4.2.2 Telefónica Digital
4.3 Orange
4.4 Vodafone España
4.5 Jazztel
4.6 Ono
4.6.1 Sale to Vodafone
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
5.2 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
5.3 International infrastructure
5.3.1 Satellite networks
5.3.2 Submarine cable
5.4 IT developments
5.4.1 Cloud computing
5.5 Smart Infrastructure
5.5.1 Smart Cities Barcelona
6. Broadband market
6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
6.1.1 Market analysis
6.1.2 Government initiatives
6.1.3 Broadband statistics
6.1.4 Forecasts broadband subscribers 2015; 2017; 2020
6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
6.2.1 Ono
6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
6.3.1 Movistar
6.3.2 Other DSL developments
6.3.3 ADSL2+
6.3.4 VDSL
6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
6.4.1 Regulatory issues
6.4.2 Fibre market
6.4.3 Movistar
6.4.4 Vodafone Orange joint venture
6.4.5 Jazztel
6.4.6 Other developments
6.5 Other fixed broadband services
6.5.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
6.5.2 Wi-Fi
6.5.3 WiMAX
6.5.4 Satellite broadband
6.5.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
7. Digital media
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Bundled services
7.3 Videostreaming
7.3.1 Telefónica
7.3.2 Jazztel
7.3.3 Orange
7.3.4 Netflix
7.3.5 Other developments
7.4 Communications
7.4.1 VoIP
7.5 Digital TV
7.5.1 Regulatory environment
7.5.2 Pay DTTV
7.5.3 Interactive TV
7.5.4 Smart TVs
7.5.5 Personal Video Recorders (PVRs)
7.5.6 Cable TV (CATV)
7.5.7 Satellite TV
7.5.8 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
8. Digital economy
8.1 E-commerce
9. Mobile communications
9.1 Market analysis
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.2.1 General statistics
9.2.2 Operator market shares
9.2.3 Mobile voice
9.2.4 Mobile data
9.2.5 Mobile broadband
9.3 Regulatory issues
9.3.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
9.3.2 Roaming
9.3.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.3.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
9.4 Mobile infrastructure
9.4.1 Digital networks
9.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
9.4.3 Femtocells
9.4.4 Voice-over-LTE (VoLTE)
9.4.5 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
9.5 Major mobile operators
9.5.1 Movistar
9.5.2 Vodafone Spain
9.5.3 Orange
9.5.4 Yoigo (Xfera Moviles)
9.5.5 MVNOs
9.6 Mobile content and applications
9.6.1 M-TV

List of tables

Table 1 Country statistics 2015 (e)
Table 2 Telecom revenue and investment statistics 2014
Table 3 Telephone network statistics 2015 (e)
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2015 (e)
Table 5 Broadband statistics 2015 (e)
Table 6 Mobile statistics 2015 (e)
Table 7 National telecommunications authority
Table 8 Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale 2000 - 2014
Table 9 Telecom revenue annual change 2000 - 2014
Table 10 Telecom retail revenue by sector 2005 - 2014
Table 11 Telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector 2002 - 2014
Table 12 Telecom investment and annual change 2000 - 2014
Table 13 Proportion of fixed-line and mobile traffic 2000 - 2013
Table 14 Interconnection revenue 2008 - 2015
Table 15 Access lines by type (regulator data) 2008 - 2013
Table 16 Subscribers by type of access 2006 - 2015
Table 17 NGA lines by platform 2011 - 2015
Table 18 NGA lines by operator 2010 - 2013
Table 19 Fixed number portings 2007 - 2015
Table 20 Carrier PreSelection lines 2006 - 2015
Table 21 Fixed-line market share of revenue by operators 2007 - 2011
Table 22 Fixed-line subscribers, by major operator 2008 - 2015
Table 23 Fixed-lines in service by major operator 2013 - 2015
Table 24 Fixed-line subscribers by minor operator 2009 - 2015
Table 25 Fixed-line (direct line) subscriber market share by major operator 2010 - 2013
Table 26 Fixed-line subscriber market share (Telefónica, cablecos) 2008 - 2013
Table 27 Fixed-line price index (old style) 2004 - 2011
Table 28 Fixed-line price index (new style) 2010 - 2015
Table 29 Household penetration of telephony services, by type 2004 - 2013
Table 30 Household penetration of telecom and broadcasting services, by type 2012 - 2013
Table 31 Fixed-line revenue 2008 - 2013
Table 32 Telefónica Group financial data 2006 - 2015
Table 33 Telefónica de España EBITDA 2007 - 2015
Table 34 Telefónica de España revenue by type 2007 - 2015
Table 35 Telefónica de España fixed-line revenue by sector (historic) 2005 - 2011
Table 36 Telefónica de España wireline line revenue by type 2011 - 2015
Table 37 Telefónica de España access lines by service 2005 - 2015
Table 38 Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain, old style) 2007 - 2014
Table 39 Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain, new style) 2014 - 2015
Table 40 Orange subscribers by sector 2005 - 2015
Table 41 Orange EBITDA, capex 2007 - 2015
Table 42 Orange revenue 2007 - 2015
Table 43 Vodafone financial data (old style) 2008 - 2012
Table 44 Vodafone revenue by type (new style) 2013 - 2016
Table 45 Jazztel financial data 2008 - 2015
Table 46 Jazztel revenue by sector (old style) 2008 - 2013
Table 47 Jazztel revenue by sector (new style) 2012 - 2015
Table 48 JAZZTEL broadband and mobile subscribers 2008 - 2015
Table 49 Ono financial data by sector 2006 - 2014
Table 50 Ono RGUs by sector 2006 - 2014
Table 51 Fixed lines in service and penetration 2003 - 2016
Table 52 NGN lines by access type 2010 - 2014
Table 53 Broadband revenue, DSL and cable 2003 - 2015
Table 54 Total internet market revenue 2006 - 2015
Table 55 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1996 - 2004
Table 56 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 - 2016
Table 57 Dial-up internet subscribers 2005 - 2013
Table 58 Total broadband subscribers, DSL, cable, fibre, total 2001 - 2016
Table 59 Fixed-line broadband penetration 2001 - 2016
Table 60 Annual growth of broadband subscriptions by technology 2004 - 2015
Table 61 Number of broadband lines by data speed 2008 2015
Table 62 Proportion of broadband subscribers by sector 2004 - 2013
Table 63 Broadband lines by major operator 2009 - 2015
Table 64 Broadband lines by minor operator 2009 - 2015
Table 65 Share of broadband lines by operator 2009 - 2015
Table 66 Broadband penetration by technology 2004 - 2014
Table 67 Broadband revenue by technology 2008 - 2015
Table 68 Average traffic per broadband connection 2011 - 2014
Table 69 Forecast broadband subscribers 2017; 2015; 2020
Table 70 Cable subscribers by operator 2007 - 2015
Table 71 Ono financial data by sector 2006 - 2014
Table 72 Ono RGUs by sector 2006 - 2014
Table 73 DSL subscribers by major operator 2009 - 2015
Table 74 DSL subscribers by minor operator 2009 - 2015
Table 75 DSL subscribers 2009 - 2015
Table 76 Movistar naked DSL subscribers 2009 - 2014
Table 77 Movistar internet subscribers (Spain) 2006 - 2015
Table 78 Movistar internet revenue by sector (Spain, historic) 2007 - 2011
Table 79 Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain) 2007 - 2015
Table 80 JAZZTEL broadband subscribers 2008 - 2015
Table 81 FttP subscribers, consumers and business 2009 - 2015
Table 82 FttP lines by operator 2009 - 2015
Table 83 FttX lines installed 2009 - 2014
Table 84 FttP revenue 2009 - 2014
Table 85 Movistar fibre (Fusión) broadband subscribers 2012 - 2015
Table 86 Wi-Fi hotspots in service 2003 - 2012
Table 87 Wi-Fi/WiMAX subscribers 2007 - 2015
Table 88 Audiovisual revenue by service 2007 2014
Table 89 Bundled services subscribers by package 2009 - 2014
Table 90 Proportion of bundled services by package 2012 - 2013
Table 91 Market share of quintuple play services by prov1der 2012 - 2014
Table 92 Market share of quad play services by prov1der 2012 - 2014
Table 93 IPTV revenue 2005 - 2015
Table 94 IPTV subscribers 2005 - 2015
Table 95 Telefónica pay-TV subscribers 2008 - 2015
Table 96 Orange IPTV subscribers 2007 - 2015
Table 97 VoIP lines in service 2009 - 2014
Table 98 TV revenue by technology 2002 - 2015
Table 99 Pay TV market subscribers by technology 2002 - 2015
Table 100 Digital TV revenue by operator 2007 - 2015
Table 101 Pay TV subscribers by operator 2010 - 2015
Table 102 Cable TV subscribers 1999 - 2015
Table 103 Cable TV revenue 2004 - 2015
Table 104 Ono financial data by sector 2006 - 2014
Table 105 Ono cable TV RGUs 2006 - 2014
Table 106 Satellite TV subscribers 1997 2015
Table 107 Satellite broadcasting revenue 2004 - 2015
Table 108 Prisa Group financial data 2008 - 2015
Table 109 Prisa (Canal+) DTH subscribers 2002 - 2014
Table 110 DTTV subscribers 2009 - 2015
Table 111 E-commerce revenue 2005 - 2015
Table 112 Proportion of businesses with a website 2005 - 2015
Table 113 Proportion of businesses providing online financial/banking 2005 - 2016
Table 114 Proportion of businesses receiving/making orders online 2007 - 2016
Table 115 Mobile retail market revenue and annual change 2000 - 2015
Table 116 Mobile market revenue by sector 2006 - 2015
Table 117 Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors 2000 - 2015
Table 118 Average mobile market revenue per connection (contract, prepaid) 2008 - 2014
Table 119 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1997; 1999 - 2004
Table 120 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2016
Table 121 Mobile price index 2009 - 2015
Table 122 Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators 2001 - 2015
Table 123 Mobile subscribers by technology platform 2001 - 2014
Table 124 Mobile subscribers: prepaid, contract 2006 - 2015
Table 125 Base stations in service, by technology 2001 - 2013
Table 126 Subscriber market share by operator 2004 - 2015
Table 127 Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes 2000 - 2015
Table 128 SMS revenue and messages sent 2006 - 2015
Table 129 Premium SMS revenue and messages sent 2005 - 2010
Table 130 MMS revenue and messages sent 2004 - 2015
Table 131 Mobile broadband subscribers by operator 2010 - 2015
Table 132 Mobile broadband (data only) subscribers by operator 2014 - 2015
Table 133 Mobile broadband lines by type (voice and data) 2011 - 2015
Table 134 Mobile broadband penetration 2011 - 2015
Table 135 Mobile broadband traffic 2012 - 2015
Table 136 Mobile broadband revenue and annual change 2003 - 2015
Table 137 Cost of mobile broadband services 2011 - 2015
Table 138 European roaming charges 2007 2014
Table 139 European retail voice and data roaming charges 2012 - 2014
Table 140 European wholesale voice and data roaming charges 2012 - 2014
Table 141 Annual number portings 2002 - 2015
Table 142 Mobile termination rates by operator 2007 - 2013
Table 143 Mobile interconnection revenue 2003 - 2014
Table 144 Movistar LTE subscribers and penetration 2014 - 2015
Table 145 M2M lines 2004 - 2015
Table 146 Movistar mobile subscribers 2005 - 2015
Table 147 Movistar ARPU 2005 - 2015
Table 148 Movistar mobile financial data 2006 - 2015
Table 149 Vodafone revenue by type (old style) 2007 - 2013
Table 150 Vodafone revenue by type (new style) 2013 - 2016
Table 151 Vodafone mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid 2006 - 2015
Table 152 Vodafone mobile traffic statistics 2006 - 2015
Table 153 Vodafone ARPU 2006 - 2015
Table 154 Vodafone Spain customer churn 2007 - 2015
Table 155 Vodafone mobile customer retention cost 2007 - 2016
Table 156 Orange mobile subscribers prepaid and contract 2005 - 2015
Table 157 Orange mobile service revenue 2006 - 2015
Table 158 Orange ARPU by sector (annual rolling) 2005 - 2014
Table 159 Orange ARPU by sector (per month) 2012 - 2015
Table 160 Orange mobile customer acquisition costs 2007 - 2015
Table 161 Orange customer churn 2007 - 2015
Table 162 Yoigo subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 163 Yoigo financial data 2008 - 2015
Table 164 Yoigo mobile service revenue 2012 - 2015
Table 165 MVNO subscriber market share 2007 - 2014
Table 166 Mobile TV subscribers by operator 2008 - 2014
Table 167 Mobile TV revenue 2007 2015
Chart 1 Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale 2000 - 2014
Chart 2 Telecom retail revenue by sector 2005 - 2014
Chart 3 Telefónica Group financial data 2006 - 2015
Chart 4 Telefónica de España revenue by type 2007 - 2015
Chart 5 Telefónica de España access by service 2005 2015
Chart 6 Orange subscribers by sector 2005 - 2015
Chart 7 Jazztel revenue by sector (new style) 2012 - 2015
Chart 8 JAZZTEL broadband and mobile subscribers 2008 - 2015
Chart 9 Ono financial data by sector 2006 2014
Chart 10 Ono residential RGUs by sector 2006 - 2014
Chart 11 Fixed lines in service and penetration 2003 2016
Chart 12 Broadband revenue, DSL and cable 2003 - 2015
Chart 13 Total broadband subscribers, DSL, cable, total 2001 - 2016
Chart 14 Number of broadband lines by data speed 2008 2015
Chart 15 Proportion of broadband subscribers by sector 2004 - 2013
Chart 16 Cable subscribers by operator 2007 - 2015
Chart 17 Ono financial data by sector 2006 2014
Chart 18 Ono residential subscribers by sector 2006 - 2014
Chart 19 Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain) 2007 - 2015
Chart 20 Audiovisual revenue by service 2007 - 2014
Chart 21 TV revenue by technology 2002 2015
Chart 22 Ono financial data by sector 2006 2014
Chart 23 Mobile market revenue by sector 2006 - 2015
Chart 24 Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors 2000 - 2015
Chart 25 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2004 - 2016
Chart 26 Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators 2001 - 2015
Chart 27 Mobile subscribers: prepaid, contract 2006 - 2015
Chart 28 Subscriber market share by operator 2004 2015
Chart 29 Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes 2000 - 2015
Chart 30 Movistar mobile subscribers 2005 - 2015
Chart 31 Movistar ARPU 2005 - 2015
Chart 32 Vodafone revenue by type (old style) 2007 - 2013
Chart 33 Vodafone mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid 2006 - 2015
Chart 34 Orange mobile subscribers prepaid and contract 2005 - 2015
Chart 35 Yoigo subscribers 2007 - 2015
Chart 36 Yoigo financial data 2008 - 2015
Exhibit 1 EU The New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
Exhibit 2 Access and the local loop
Exhibit 3 Narrowband and broadband wireless licensees 2000
Exhibit 4 Definitions of video streaming and IPTV
Exhibit 5 3G licence results in Spain March 2000
Exhibit 6 Overview of spectrum allocations 2011
Exhibit 7 Overview of MVNOs

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