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Solar Thermal Technologies: Applications and Global Markets

  • January 2016
  • -
  • BCC Research
  • -
  • 276 pages

This BCC Research report studies the current status of the worldwide solar thermal (ST) industry and assesses market potential for all major ST technologies over a five-year period from 2014 through 2019.

Use this report to:

Analyze each major viable ST technology and determine its current market status
Examine the impact of solar thermal technology on future markets and present forecasts of growth through 2019.
Assess and discuss latest technological issues and trends in ST technology
Evaluate government roles in ST technology worldwide

Highlights

The global market for solar thermal technologies is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16.6%, from nearly $19.8 billion in 2014 to about $42.6 billion in 2019.
Concentrated solar power market reached $2.4 billion in 2014 and should reach $25.8 billion by 2019, with a CAGR of 60.2% through 2019.
Solar heat market is expected to decrease at a CAGR of -0.6%, from $17.4 billion to nearly $16.8 billion by 2019.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

BCC Research’s goal in conducting this study was to describe the current status of the worldwide solar thermal (ST) industry and assess its growth potential. The study includes all major residential, commercial, industrial and utility-scale ST technologies.
More specifically, the study included the following objectives: (1) summarize existing ST technologies and promising emerging technologies that are underdevelopment; (2) evaluate the existing ST industry, focused on the manufacturers and providers of major components for ST technologies; and (3) assess market potential for all major ST technologies over a five-year period from 2014 through 2019.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

Worldwide interest in alternative energy has greatly increased during the last decade, mainly driven by the increased global awareness surrounding several energy-related issues, including energy costs and security, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, climate change, air and water pollution, and other environmental and economic concerns. The application of ST technologies represents one of several potential solutions that are
being widely implemented by residential and commercial energy consumers to address these issues. Residential and commercial ST technologies represent effective,

economically viable opportunities for businesses and individuals to reduce grid-energy and/or fossil-fuel consumption for process heating, whereas industrial and utility-scale ST technologies represent effective, increasingly economically viable opportunities for power providers, utilities, industries and communities to capture and utilize renewable solar energy for process heating and electrical power generation.

Broad-based support for alternative energy as a solution to energy security, global warming and rising fossil energy prices has generated tremendous interest in solar energy technologies. Long overshadowed by solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies, ST technologies have undergone extensive development and represent a unique
technological platform for utility-scale power generation. ST technologies are technologically mature and remain economically viable for far more residential and commercial purchasers compared with PV. In the following chapters, this study thoroughly assesses market conditions that have facilitated the growing demand for all
ST technologies (both for heat and power generation) and their increasing implementation around the world.

SCOPE

The scope of this investigation includes only major viable technologies and products implemented in all market sectors to concentrate, collect, receive, absorb or otherwise make available solar thermal energy for heating or power generation processes. These ST technologies can include various components such as receiver surfaces, receiver tubes (heat collection elements), solar collector assemblies (structural frames), reflective surfaces (mirrors, reflective film), and solar tracking and motion control systems. Solar thermal technologies are integral components to any ST system whose sales and manufacturing volumes are largely indicative of the actual or anticipated performance of the entire ST technology market. Emerging ST technologies anticipated to be commercially nonviable are not included in the market assessment of this report.

BCC Research analyzes each major viable ST technology, determines its current market status, examines its impact on future markets and presents forecasts of growth ver the next five years. Technological issues, including the latest trends, are assessed and discussed, as are the current and likely regulatory environment in support of this industry.

BCC Research analyzes the industry on a worldwide basis in terms of its manufacture and deployment of its technologies or products. BCC Research examines government roles in support of solar thermal technologies worldwide, including regulatory support and requirements, feed-in tariffs and promotional incentives for various ST
technologies, as relevant and available. The report provides a review of the most relevant ST technologies, discusses recent trends in capacity installation and unit sales, and provides industry overviews and market assessments for each ST technology. By 2019, the worldwide markets for ST technologies are expected to reach $42.6 billion with an estimated compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16% from 2014 to 2019.

The following is a list of the major worldwide markets that were assessed in support of this study:

United States.
Europe: European Union; Non-EU members.
China.
Asia (excluding China).
MENA Region.
Rest of the world (ROW)





Table Of Contents

Solar Thermal Technologies: Applications and Global Markets
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
SCOPE 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
INFORMATION SOURCES 3
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 4
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 4
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 4
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOLAR THERMAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 8
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOLAR THERMAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE,
2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 8
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW OF SOLAR THERMAL TECHNOLOGIES 10
SOLAR THERMAL TECHNOLOGIES 10
WHAT ARE SOLAR HEAT TECHNOLOGIES? 10
HISTORY OF SOLAR HEAT TECHNOLOGIES 11
UNITED STATES 11
EUROPE 12
CHINA 12
AUSTRALIA 12
JAPAN 13
ISRAEL 13
WHAT ARE CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER TECHNOLOGIES? 13
HISTORY OF CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER TECHNOLOGY 14
TABLE 1 MAJOR GLOBAL CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER RESEARCH CENTERS 15
CHAPTER 4 SOLAR HEAT: SYSTEMS, TECHNOLOGIES AND INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 21
SOLAR HEATING SYSTEMS AND REQUIREMENTS 21
TABLE 2 COMMON SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEMS 22
SOLAR WATER HEATING SYSTEMS 23
INTEGRAL COLLECTOR STORAGE 23
THERMOSYPHON 24
THREE-SEASON SYSTEM 25
DRAIN-BACK/DRAIN-DOWN 25
RECIRCULATION 26
CLOSED LOOP 26
SOLAR POOL HEATING 27
SOLAR AIR HEATING SYSTEMS 27
SOLAR THERMAL VENTILATION PREHEATING 27
SOLAR THERMAL AIR HEATING 28
SOLAR RADIANT HEATING 28
SOLAR HEAT TECHNOLOGIES 29
UNGLAZED SOLAR COLLECTOR 30
System Requirements 30
Initial and Maintenance Costs 30
Economic Viability and Specific Applications 31
FLAT PLATE SOLAR COLLECTOR 31
System Requirements 32
Initial and Maintenance Costs 32
Economic Viability and Specific Applications 32
EVACUATED TUBE SOLAR COLLECTOR 32
System Requirements 33
Initial and Maintenance Costs 33
Economic Viability and Specific Applications 33
INTEGRAL COLLECTOR-STORAGE 34
System Requirements 34
Initial and Maintenance Costs 34
Economic Viability and Specific Applications 35
GLAZED SOLAR AIR COLLECTOR 35
System Requirements 35
Initial and Maintenance Costs 35
Economic Viability and Specific Applications 36
TRANSPIRED SOLAR AIR COLLECTOR 36
System Requirements 36
Initial and Maintenance Costs 36
Economic Viability and Specific Applications 36
BENEFITS OF SOLAR HEAT TECHNOLOGIES 37
REDUCED ENERGY CONSUMPTION 37
ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS 37
Offset of Fossil Energy Usage with Renewable Energy 38
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction 38
Air and Water Quality Emissions Reduction 39
Reduced Energy Extraction/Disposal Requirements 39
ENERGY SECURITY BENEFITS 39
CURRENT INTEREST IN SOLAR ENERGY AND SOLAR HEAT TECHNOLOGIES 40
CHAPTER 5 SOLAR HEAT: MAJOR MARKETS, ASSESSMENT AND ANALYSIS 43
INTRODUCTION 43
EUROPEAN UNION 43
GERMANY 43
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 44
TABLE 3 GERMAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 44
GREECE 44
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 44
TABLE 4 GREEK SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 45
ITALY 45
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 45
TABLE 5 ITALIAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 45
AUSTRIA 46
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 46
TABLE 6 AUSTRIAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 46
DENMARK 46
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 46
TABLE 7 DENMARK'S SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 47
POLAND 47
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 47
TABLE 8 POLISH SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 47
SPAIN 48
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 48
TABLE 9 SPANISH SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 48
FRANCE 48
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 48
TABLE 10 FRENCH SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 49
REST OF EUROPEAN UNION 49
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 49
TABLE 11 REST OF EUROPEAN UNION'S SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 49
TABLE 12 EUROPEAN UNION'S SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 50
FIGURE 1 EUROPEAN UNION'S SOLAR HEAT MARKET, 2013-2019 (THOUSANDS M2
)
50
OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES (NON-EU MEMBERS) 51
TURKEY 51
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 51
TABLE 13 TURKISH SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 51
SWITZERLAND 51
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 51
TABLE 14 SWISS SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 52
ALBANIA, NORWAY AND RUSSIA 52
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 52
TABLE 15 ALBANIA, NORWAY AND RUSSIA'S SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 53
TABLE 16 EUROPEAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 53
FIGURE 2 EUROPEAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, 2013-2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 53
UNITED STATES 54
GROWTH POTENTIAL AND PROJECTED TRENDS 54
TABLE 17 U.S. SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 54
FIGURE 3 U.S. SOLAR HEAT MARKET, 2013-2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 54
CHINA 55
GROWTH POTENTIAL AND PROJECTED TRENDS 55
TABLE 18 CHINESE SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 56
FIGURE 4 CHINESE SOLAR HEAT MARKET, 2013-2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 56
ASIA (EXCLUDING CHINA) 56
INDIA 56
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 57
TABLE 19 INDIAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 57
REST OF ASIA (EXCLUDING CHINA) 57
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 57
TABLE 20 REST OF ASIA (EXCLUDING CHINA) SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH
2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 58
TABLE 21 ASIA (EXCLUDING CHINA) SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 58
FIGURE 5 ASIA (EXCLUDING CHINA) SOLAR HEAT MARKET, 2013-2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 58
MENA REGION 59
GROWTH POTENTIAL AND PROJECTED TRENDS 59
TABLE 22 MENA REGION SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 59
FIGURE 6 MENA REGION SOLAR HEAT MARKET, 2013-2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 59
REST OF THE WORLD 60
AUSTRALIA 60
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 60
TABLE 23 AUSTRALIAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 61
BRAZIL 61
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 61
TABLE 24 BRAZILIAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 61
OTHER COUNTRIES 62
Growth Potential and Projected Trends 62
TABLE 25 OTHER COUNTRIES SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS
M2) 62
SUMMARY 62
TABLE 26 REST OF WORLD SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS
M2) 63
FIGURE 7 REST OF WORLD SOLAR HEAT MARKET, 2013-2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 63
TABLE 27 GLOBAL SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 64
FIGURE 8 GLOBAL SOLAR HEAT MARKET, 2013-2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 64
SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS 64
UNGLAZED SOLAR COLLECTORS 64
Growth Potential 66
Projected Trends 66
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UNGLAZED SOLAR COLLECTORS BY REGION,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 66
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UNGLAZED SOLAR COLLECTORS, 2013-2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 66
TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UNGLAZED SOLAR COLLECTORS BY REGION,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 67
FIGURE 10 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UNGLAZED SOLAR COLLECTORS, 2013-2019 ($
MILLIONS) 67
Saturation and Other Market Considerations 68
FLAT PLATE SOLAR COLLECTOR 68
Growth Potential 69
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAT PLATE SOLAR COLLECTORS BY REGION,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 70
FIGURE 11 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAT PLATE SOLAR COLLECTORS, 2013-2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 70
Projected Trends 71
TABLE 31 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAT PLATE SOLAR COLLECTORS, BY REGION,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 71
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAT PLATE SOLAR COLLECTORS, 2013-2019 ($
MILLIONS) 72
Saturation and Other Market Considerations 72
EVACUATED TUBE SOLAR COLLECTORS 73
Growth Potential 74
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EVACUATED TUBE SOLAR COLLECTORS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 75
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EVACUATED TUBE SOLAR COLLECTORS,
2013-2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 75
Projected Trends 75
TABLE 33 GLOBAL REVENUE FOR EVACUATED TUBE SOLAR COLLECTORS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 76
FIGURE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EVACUATED TUBE SOLAR COLLECTORS,
2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 76
Saturation and Other Market Considerations 77
SOLAR AIR COLLECTORS 77
Growth Potential 77
TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOLAR AIR COLLECTORS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 79
FIGURE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOLAR AIR COLLECTORS, 2013-2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 79
Projected Trends 79
TABLE 35 GLOBAL REVENUE FOR SOLAR AIR COLLECTORS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 80
FIGURE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOLAR AIR COLLECTORS, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 80
Saturation and Other Market Considerations 81
OVERVIEW OF THE SOLAR HEAT TECHNOLOGY MARKET 81
TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SH TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 82
FIGURE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SH TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, 2013-2019 ($
MILLIONS) 82
CHAPTER 6 CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER: SYSTEMS, TECHNOLOGIES AND
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 84
CSP TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS 84
PARABOLIC TROUGH SOLAR COLLECTORS 85
TABLE 37 MAJOR PARABOLIC TROUGH CSP PLANTS 86
Initial Costs and Parabolic Trough Solar Field Assembly and
Installation 86
System Applications 87
Efficiency 88
Resource Requirements 89
POWER TOWER SOLAR COLLECTORS 90
Initial Costs and Power Tower Solar Collector Assembly and
Installation 91
System Applications 92
Efficiency 93
Resource Requirements 93
PARABOLIC DISH SOLAR COLLECTORS 94
System Applications 96
Efficiency 97
Resource Requirements 97
FRESNEL REFLECTOR SOLAR COLLECTORS 98
TABLE 38 MAJOR FRESNEL CSP PLANTS 99
Initial Costs and Fresnel Reflector Solar Collector Assembly and
Installation 99
System Applications 99
Efficiency 100
Resource Requirements 101
RandD OF CSP TECHNOLOGIES-THE SUNSHOT INITIATIVE 101
Collecting the Sun 101
TABLE 39 SUNSHOT INITIATIVE PROJECT AWARDS FOR COLLECTING THE SUN 2012
TO 2016 102
Receivers and Heat Transfer Fluids 102
TABLE 40 SUNSHOT INITIATIVE PROJECT AWARDS FOR RECEIVERS AND HEAT
TRANSFER FLUIDS, 2012-2017 103
Power Conversion and Systems 103
TABLE 41 SUNSHOT INITIATIVE PROJECT AWARDS FOR POWER BLOCK
SUBSYSTEMS, 2012-2016, 104
Thermal Energy Storage 105
TABLE 42 SUNSHOT INITIATIVE PROJECT AWARDS FOR THERMAL ENERGY
STORAGE, 2012-2016 105
CSP: APOLLO 106
TABLE 43 SUNSHOT INITIATIVE PROJECT AWARDS FOR CSP: APOLLO, 2012-2016 106
CHAPTER 7 CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER: MAJOR MARKETS, ASSESSMENT AND
ANALYSIS 109
INTRODUCTION 109
AMERICAS 110
UNITED STATES 110
TABLE 44 U.S. OPERATIONAL CSP PLANTS 110
TABLE 45 U.S. CSP PLANTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION 112
TABLE 46 U.S. CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 113
FIGURE 18 U.S. CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 113
TABLE 47 U.S. CSP REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 114
CHILE 114
TABLE 48 CHILEAN OPERATIONAL CSP PLANTS 114
TABLE 49 CHILEAN CSP PLANTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION 115
TABLE 50 CHILEAN CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 115
FIGURE 19 CHILEAN CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 115
TABLE 51 CHILEAN CSP REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 116
REST OF AMERICA 116
TABLE 52 REST OF AMERICA'S OPERATIONAL CSP PLANTS 117
TABLE 53 REST OF AMERICA'S CSP PLANTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION 117
TABLE 54 REST OF AMERICA'S CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 118
FIGURE 20 REST OF AMERICA'S CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 ($
MILLIONS) 118
SUMMARY 118
TABLE 55 AMERICAS' CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 118
FIGURE 21 AMERICAS' CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 119
EUMEA 119
EUROPEAN UNION 119
TABLE 56 SPANISH OPERATIONAL CSP PLANTS 120
TABLE 57 REST OF EUROPEAN UNION'S OPERATIONAL CSP PLANTS 121
TABLE 58 EUROPEAN UNION CSP PLANTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION 122
TABLE 59 EUROPEAN UNION CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 123
FIGURE 22 EUROPEAN UNION CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 ($
MILLIONS) 123
MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA 123
TABLE 60 MEA OPERATIONAL CSP PLANTS 124
TABLE 61 MEA CSP PLANTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION 124
TABLE 62 MEA CSP REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 125
TABLE 63 MEA CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 125
FIGURE 23 MEA CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 125
TABLE 64 EUMEA CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 126
FIGURE 24 EUMEA CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 126
ASIA AND AUSTRALASIA 127
TABLE 65 ASIAN AND AUSTRALASIAN OPERATIONAL CSP PLANTS 127
CHINA 128
TABLE 66 CHINESE CSP PLANTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION 128
TABLE 67 CHINESE CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 129
FIGURE 25 CHINESE CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 129
TABLE 68 CHINESE CSP REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 130
INDIA 130
TABLE 69 INDIAN CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 131
FIGURE 26 INDIAN CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 131
TABLE 70 INDIAN CSP REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 132
SUMMARY 132
TABLE 71 ASIAN AND AUSTRALASIA CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH
2019 ($ MILLIONS) 132
TABLE 72 ASIAN AND AUSTRALIAN CSP REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 132
FIGURE 27 ASIAN AND AUSTRALIAN CSP REVENUE BY APPLICATION, 2013-2019 ($
MILLIONS) 132
PARABOLIC TROUGH CSP MARKET 133
TABLE 73 PARABOLIC TROUGH CSP REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 133
FIGURE 28 PARABOLIC TROUGH CSP REVENUE BY REGION, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 133
POWER TOWER CSP MARKET 134
TABLE 74 POWER TOWER CSP REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 134
FIGURE 29 POWER TOWER CSP REVENUE BY REGION, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 134
LINEAR FRESNEL CSP MARKET 135
TABLE 75 LINEAR FRESNEL CSP REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 135
FIGURE 30 LINEAR FRESNEL CSP REVENUE BY REGION, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 135
PARABOLIC DISH CSP MARKET 136
TABLE 76 PARABOLIC DISH CSP REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 136
FIGURE 31 PARABOLIC DISH CSP REVENUE BY REGION, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 136
FACTORS DETERMINING DEMAND 137
ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION ISSUES AND CLIMATE CHANGE 138
GOVERNMENT REGULATION AND INCENTIVES 138
ENERGY DEMAND: ELECTRICITY AND FOSSIL FUELS 138
CONCLUSIONS 139
TABLE 77 GLOBAL CSP REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 139
TABLE 78 GLOBAL CSP REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 140
TABLE 79 GLOBAL CSP REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 140
FIGURE 32 GLOBAL CSP REVENUE BY REGION, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 140
CHAPTER 8 SOLAR THERMAL TECHNOLOGIES: GLOBAL REGULATORY SUPPORT AND
INCENTIVES 142
EUROPE 142
GERMANY 142
Energy Efficiency Action Plan 142
Premium Tariff I (Market Premium) 143
Renewable Energies Heat Act 143
Market Incentive Programme (Marktanreizprogramm) 144
Certification Programs for RES installations: Technical
Requirements/Certification 145
GREECE 145
Certification Programs for RES Installations 145
Exemplary Role of Public Authorities 145
RES-H Building Obligations 146
Renewable Energy Production Incentives and Feed-in Tariffs 146
Energy Efficiency at Household Buildings Program 147
Tax Regulation Mechanism I (Law No. 2238/1994) 148
ITALY 148
Certification Programs for RES Installations 148
Exemplary Role of Public Authorities 148
Tax Regulation Mechanisms 149
Premium Tariff (Conto energia per il solare termodinamico) 149
Price-Based Mechanisms (Conto Termico) 150
Tax Regulation Mechanism (Tax Detraction) 150
AUSTRIA 150
Solar Thermal Program: Large-Scale Solar Installations 150
Climate Protection Act 151
National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP) 151
Climate and Energy Fund 152
Austrian Energy Strategy 153
DENMARK 154
Green Labs DK Program 154
Energy Technology Development and Demonstration Program EUDP 154
RES-H Building Obligations 154
Tax Regulation Mechanism 154
Heat Supply Act 154
District Heating and CHP Policy 155
POLAND 156
Certification Scheme for RES Installations 156
Training Program for Installers 156
Subsidy 156
Solar Subsidy 156
SPAIN 157
Solar Obligation of the Technical Buildings Code 157
RDandD Policies 158
Premium Tariff 158
FRANCE 159
National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP) 159
Plan for the Energy Performance of Agricultural Exploitations 159
Livret de Developpement Durable: Preferential Loans for Energy
Saving Measures 160
Renewable Energy Market Development: Support for Demonstration
and Diffusion 161
Government Crediting and Loan Guarantee for Energy Efficiency and
Renewable Energy Investment-FOGIME 161
Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs 162
National Strategy for Energy Research and Development 162
U.S. FEDERAL LEGISLATION 163
ENERGY INDEPENDENCE AND SECURITY ACT 163
EXECUTIVE ORDER 13693: PLANNING FOR FEDERAL SUSTAINABILITY IN
THE NEXT DECADE 164
U.S. INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE 165
Energy-Efficient Commercial Buildings Tax Deduction 165
Modified Accelerated Cost-Recovery System and Bonus Depreciation 166
Residential Energy Conservation Subsidy Exclusion (Corporate or
Personal) 167
Business Energy Investment Tax Credit 167
Advanced Energy Investment Tax Credit 169
Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit 170
Clean Renewable Energy Bonds 170
Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds 171
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 173
USDA Rural Energy for America Program (REAP)-Grants and Loan
Guarantees 173
High Energy Cost Grants 174
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 174
ENERGY STAR Program 174
ASIA 176
INDIA 176
Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission 176
Strategic Plan for New and Renewable Energy Sector for the Period
2011 to 2017 176
CHINA 176
China's 12th Five-Year Plan 176
China-U.S. Joint Climate Change Agreement 177
CHAPTER 9 SOLAR HEATING COMPANY PROFILES 180
UNGLAZED SOLAR COLLECTORS 180
AQUATHERM 180
TABLE 80 COMPANY OVERVIEW: AQUATHERM 180
BOSS POLYMER TECHNOLOGIES 181
TABLE 81 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BOSS SOLAR 181
FAFCO 181
TABLE 82 COMPANY OVERVIEW: FAFCO 182
HELIOCOL 182
TABLE 83 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HELIOCOL 182
MODULO SOLAR 183
TABLE 84 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MODULO SOLAR 183
SOLAR HYDRONICS CORP. 183
TABLE 85 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SOLAR HYDRONICS CORP. 184
SUNTREK 184
TABLE 86 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUNTREK 184
TECHNO-SOLIS 185
TABLE 87 COMPANY OVERVIEW: TECHNO-SOLIS 185
WANLI PLASTIC 186
TABLE 88 COMPANY OVERVIEW: WANLI PLASTIC 186
FLAT PLATE SOLAR COLLECTORS 186
ACR SOLAR INTERNATIONAL 186
TABLE 89 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ACR SOLAR INTERNATIONAL 187
ALTERNATE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES 187
TABLE 90 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ALTERNATE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES 187
APRICUS 188
TABLE 91 COMPANY OVERVIEW: APRICUS 188
ARISTON THERMO 189
TABLE 92 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ARISTON THERMO 189
BOSCH THERMOTECHNIK 189
TABLE 93 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BOSCH THERMOTECHNIK 190
CALPAK 190
TABLE 94 COMPANY OVERVIEW: CALPAK 191
CHIRYU HEATER 191
TABLE 95 COMPANY OVERVIEW: CHIRYU HEATER 191
CHROMAGEN 192
TABLE 96 COMPANY OVERVIEW: CHROMAGEN 192
COSMOSOLAR LTD. 192
TABLE 97 COMPANY OVERVIEW: COSMOSOLAR LTD. 193
DIMAS SA 193
TABLE 98 COMPANY OVERVIEW: DIMAS SA 193
EMMVEE SOLAR 194
TABLE 99 COMPANY OVERVIEW: EMMVEE SOLAR 194
EZINC 194
TABLE 100 COMPANY OVERVIEW: EZINC 195
GREENONETEC 195
TABLE 101 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GREENONETEC 196
GUANGDONG FIVE STAR SOLAR ENERGY CO. 196
TABLE 102 COMPANY OVERVIEW: FIVE STAR SOLAR 196
INNOSOLAR ENERGY CO. 197
TABLE 103 COMPANY OVERVIEW: INNOSOLAR ENERGY CO. 197
INTEGRATED SOLAR 197
TABLE 104 COMPANY OVERVIEW: INTEGRATED SOLAR 198
JIANGSU SUNRAIN SOLAR ENERGY CO. LTD. 198
TABLE 105 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUNRAIN 198
KOLLEKTORBAU BERLIN (KBB) 199
TABLE 106 COMPANY OVERVIEW: KBB 199
MODULO SOLAR 199
TABLE 107 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MODULO SOLAR 200
PRIME LASER TECHNOLOGY LTD. 200
TABLE 108 COMPANY OVERVIEW: PRIME LASER TECHNOLOGY LTD. 200
SAMMLER SOLAR SA 201
TABLE 109 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SAMMLER 201
SHENZHEN PROSUNPRO SOLAR INDUSTRIAL CO. LTD. 201
TABLE 110 COMPANY OVERVIEW: PROSUNPRO SOLAR 202
SOLAHART 202
TABLE 111 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SOLAHART 203
SOLAR SKIES 203
TABLE 112 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SOLAR SKIES 203
SUNEARTH INC. 203
TABLE 113 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUNEARTH 204
TISUN 204
TABLE 114 COMPANY OVERVIEW: TISUN 204
VAILLANT GROUP 205
TABLE 115 COMPANY OVERVIEW: VAILLANT GROUP 205
VIESSMANN WERKE GMBH and CO KG 205
TABLE 116 COMPANY OVERVIEW: VIESSMANN 206
WAGNER and CO. SOLARTECHNIK 206
TABLE 117 COMPANY OVERVIEW: WAGNER and CO. SOLARTECHNIK 207
EVACUATED-TUBE SOLAR COLLECTORS 207
AMK-SOLAC SYSTEMS 207
TABLE 118 COMPANY OVERVIEW: AMK-SOLAC SYSTEMS 208
APRICUS 208
TABLE 119 COMPANY OVERVIEW: APRICUS 209
CALPAK 209
TABLE 120 COMPANY OVERVIEW: CALPAK 209
HAINING BAOGUANG HEAT COLLECTION TUBES CO. LTD. 210
TABLE 121 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BAOGUANG 210
HIMIN SOLAR ENERGY GROUP CO. LTD. 210
TABLE 122 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HIMIN 211
LINUO PARADIGMA CO. LTD. 211
TABLE 123 COMPANY OVERVIEW: LINUO PARADIGMA 211
SUNDA SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD. 212
TABLE 124 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUNDA 212
SUNRAIN SOLAR ENERGY CO. LTD. 213
TABLE 125 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUNRAIN 213
SUNSHORE SOLAR ENERGY PRODUCTS CO. LTD. 213
TABLE 126 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUNSHORE 214
TATA POWER SOLAR 214
TABLE 127 COMPANY OVERVIEW: TATA BP SOLAR 214
TSINGHUA SOLAR 215
TABLE 128 COMPANY OVERVIEW: TSINGHUA SOLAR 215
VIESSMANN WERKE GMBH and CO KG 215
TABLE 129 COMPANY OVERVIEW: VIESSMANN 216
INTEGRAL COLLECTOR-STORAGE UNITS 216
INTEGRATED SOLAR 216
TABLE 130 COMPANY OVERVIEW: INTEGRATED SOLAR 217
SUNEARTH 217
TABLE 131 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUNEARTH 217
THERMAL CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY 218
TABLE 132 COMPANY OVERVIEW: THERMAL CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY 218
SOLAR AIR COLLECTOR 218
ARCTIC SUNLIGHT INNOVATION 218
TABLE 133 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ARCTIC SUNLIGHT INNOVATIONS 219
ATAS INTERNATIONAL 219
TABLE 134 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ATAS INTERNATIONAL 220
CANSOLAIR 220
TABLE 135 COMPANY OVERVIEW: CANSOLAIR 221
CONSERVAL ENGINEERING 221
TABLE 136 COMPANY OVERVIEW: CONSERVAL ENGINEERING 222
ENVIRONMENTAL SOLAR SYSTEMS 222
TABLE 137 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ENVIRONMENTAL SOLAR SYSTEMS 222
GRAMMER SOLAR 222
TABLE 138 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GRAMMER SOLAR 223
SOLARVENTI 223
TABLE 139 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SOLARVENTI 224
SUNSIARAY 224
TABLE 140 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUNSIARAY 224
YOUR SOLAR HOME 225
TABLE 141 COMPANY OVERVIEW: YOUR SOLAR HOME 225
CHAPTER 10 CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER COMPANY PROFILES 227
SOLAR REFLECTIVE FILMS 227
3M RENEWABLE ENERGY 227
TABLE 142 COMPANY OVERVIEW: 3M 227
ALANOD SOLAR 228
TABLE 143 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ALANOD SOLAR 228
HYDRO ASA 228
TABLE 144 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HYDRO 229
KONICA MINOLTA INC. 229
TABLE 145 COMPANY OVERVIEW: KONICA MINOLTA 230
REFLECTECH 230
TABLE 146 COMPANY OVERVIEW: REFLECTECH 230
SOLAR MIRRORS 231
AGC SOLAR 231
TABLE 147 COMPANY OVERVIEW: AGC SOLAR 231
FLABEG FE 231
TABLE 148 COMPANY OVERVIEW: FLABEG-LIST OF MAJOR PROJECTS 232
TABLE 149 COMPANY OVERVIEW: FLABEG 233
GUARDIAN INDUSTRIES 233
TABLE 150 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GUARDIAN INDUSTRIES 234
REFLEX SPA 234
TABLE 151 COMPANY OVERVIEW: REFLEX 234
RIOGLASS SOLAR INTERNATIONAL 234
TABLE 152 COMPANY OVERVIEW: RIOGLASS SOLAR 235
SKYFUEL 235
TABLE 153 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SKYFUEL 236
SOLAR TUBE RECEIVERS 236
ARCHIMEDE SOLAR ENERGY 236
TABLE 154 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ARCHIMEDE SOLAR ENERGY 237
RIOGLASS SOLAR INTERNATIONAL 237
TABLE 155 COMPANY OVERVIEW: RIOGLASS SOLAR 238
SCHOTT SOLAR 238
TABLE 156 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SCHOTT SOLAR 239
TABLE 157 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SCHOTT SOLAR-LIST OF MAJOR PROJECTS 239
CENTRAL TOWER RECEIVERS 240
AALBORG CSP 240
TABLE 158 COMPANY OVERVIEW: AALBORG CSP 241
ABENGOA SOLAR 241
TABLE 159 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ABENGOA 243
BABCOCK and WILCOX CO. 243
TABLE 160 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BABCOCK and WILCOX CO. 244
BRIGHTSOURCE ENERGY 244
TABLE 161 BRIGHTSOURCE'S LARGEST SOLAR THERMAL PLANT OVERVIEW: THE
IVANPAH 245
TABLE 162 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BRIGHTSOURCE ENERGY 245
CMI SOLAR 246
TABLE 163 COMPANY OVERVIEW: CMI SOLAR 246
SENER 247
TABLE 164 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SENER 248
SOLARRESERVE 248
TABLE 165 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SOLARRESERVE 249
SUPPORTING EQUIPMENT: MOTORS, DRIVES, CONTROLLERS, HYDRAULICS 249
ABB POWER GENERATION 249
TABLE 166 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ABB POWER GENERATION 250
ALBANDI SL 250
TABLE 167 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ALBANDI S.L. 251
BOSCH REXROTH 251
TABLE 168 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BOSCH REXROTH 251
EMERSON PROCESS MANAGEMENT 252
TABLE 169 COMPANY OVERVIEW: EMERSON PROCESS MANAGEMENT 253
HAWE HYDRAULIK 253
TABLE 170 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HAWE HYDRAULIK 253
HELAC CORP. 253
TABLE 171 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HELAC CORP. 254
PARKER HANNIFIN 254
TABLE 172 COMPANY OVERVIEW: PARKER HANNIFIN 255
SAIDI 255
TABLE 173 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SAIDI LATEST PARTICIPATING PROJECTS 255
TABLE 174 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SAIDI 255
SCHUBERT and SALZER GMBH 256
TABLE 175 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SCHUBERT and SALZER 257
WEBER HYDRAULIK 257
TABLE 176 COMPANY OVERVIEW: WEBER HYDRAULIK 257
PARABOLIC TROUGH SOLAR COLLECTOR ASSEMBLIES 258
ABENGOA SOLAR 258
TABLE 177 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ABENGOA 260
ENER-T INTERNATIONAL 260
TABLE 178 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ENER-T INTERNATIONAL 261
INGEMETAL 261
TABLE 179 COMPANY OVERVIEW: INGEMETAL 262
NATIONAL STEEL FABRICATION 262
TABLE 180 COMPANY OVERVIEW: NATIONAL STEEL FABRICATION 262
SENER 263
TABLE 181 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SENER 263
SKYFUEL 264
TABLE 182 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SKYFUEL 264
SOLARGENIX 265
TABLE 183 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SOLARGENIX 265
TSK FLAGSOL 266
TABLE 184 COMPANY OVERVIEW: TSK FLAGSOL 266
FRESNEL REFLECTOR SOLAR COLLECTOR ASSEMBLIES 267
CNIM 267
TABLE 185 COMPANY OVERVIEW: CNIM 268
HIMIN SOLAR ENERGY GROUP CO. LTD. 268
TABLE 186 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HIMIN 268
INDUSTRIAL SOLAR 269
TABLE 187 COMPANY OVERVIEW: INDUSTRIAL SOLAR 269
NOVATEC SOLAR 269
TABLE 188 COMPANY OVERVIEW: NOVATEC SOLAR 270
SOLAR EUROMED 270
TABLE 189 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SOLAR EUROMED 271
SOLTIGUA 271
TABLE 190 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SOLTIGUA 271
SOLAR POWER TOWER HELIOSTATS 272
ABENGOA SOLAR 272
TABLE 191 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ABENGOA 274
BRIGHTSOURCE ENERGY 274
TABLE 192 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BRIGHTSOURCE ENERGY 275
ESOLAR 275
TABLE 193 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ESOLAR 276
SENER 276
TABLE 194 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SENER 277
PARABOLIC DISHES 277
BRAYTON ENERGY 277
TABLE 195 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BRAYTON ENERGY 278
UNITED SUN SYSTEMS 278
TABLE 196 COMPANY OVERVIEW: UNITED SUN SYSTEMS 279
CHAPTER 11 APPENDIX I: REFERENCES 281
CHAPTER 12 APPENDIX II: ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS OF MEASUREMENTS 286

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOLAR THERMAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 8
TABLE 1 MAJOR GLOBAL CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER RESEARCH CENTERS 15
TABLE 2 COMMON SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEMS 22
TABLE 3 GERMAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 44
TABLE 4 GREEK SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 45
TABLE 5 ITALIAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 45
TABLE 6 AUSTRIAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 46
TABLE 7 DENMARK'S SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 47
TABLE 8 POLISH SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 47
TABLE 9 SPANISH SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 48
TABLE 10 FRENCH SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 49
TABLE 11 REST OF EUROPEAN UNION'S SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 49
TABLE 12 EUROPEAN UNION'S SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS
M2) 50
TABLE 13 TURKISH SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 51
TABLE 14 SWISS SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 52
TABLE 15 ALBANIA, NORWAY AND RUSSIA'S SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 53
TABLE 16 EUROPEAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 53
TABLE 17 U.S. SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 54
TABLE 18 CHINESE SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 56
TABLE 19 INDIAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 57
TABLE 20 REST OF ASIA (EXCLUDING CHINA) SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 58
TABLE 21 ASIA (EXCLUDING CHINA) SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 58
TABLE 22 MENA REGION SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 59
TABLE 23 AUSTRALIAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 61
TABLE 24 BRAZILIAN SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 61
TABLE 25 OTHER COUNTRIES SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS
M2) 62
TABLE 26 REST OF WORLD SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 63
TABLE 27 GLOBAL SOLAR HEAT MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 64
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UNGLAZED SOLAR COLLECTORS BY REGION,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 66
TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UNGLAZED SOLAR COLLECTORS BY REGION,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 67
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAT PLATE SOLAR COLLECTORS BY REGION,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 70
TABLE 31 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAT PLATE SOLAR COLLECTORS, BY REGION,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 71
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EVACUATED TUBE SOLAR COLLECTORS BY REGION,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS M2) 75
TABLE 33 GLOBAL REVENUE FOR EVACUATED TUBE SOLAR COLLECTORS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOLAR AIR COLLECTORS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS M2) 79
TABLE 35 GLOBAL REVENUE FOR SOLAR AIR COLLECTORS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SH TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 37 MAJOR PARABOLIC TROUGH CSP PLANTS 86
TABLE 38 MAJOR FRESNEL CSP PLANTS 99
TABLE 39 SUNSHOT INITIATIVE PROJECT AWARDS FOR COLLECTING THE SUN 2012
TO 2016 102
TABLE 40 SUNSHOT INITIATIVE PROJECT AWARDS FOR RECEIVERS AND HEAT
TRANSFER FLUIDS, 2012-2017 103
TABLE 41 SUNSHOT INITIATIVE PROJECT AWARDS FOR POWER BLOCK SUBSYSTEMS,
2012-2016, 104
TABLE 42 SUNSHOT INITIATIVE PROJECT AWARDS FOR THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE,
2012-2016 105
TABLE 43 SUNSHOT INITIATIVE PROJECT AWARDS FOR CSP: APOLLO, 2012-2016 106
TABLE 44 U.S. OPERATIONAL CSP PLANTS 110
TABLE 45 U.S. CSP PLANTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION 112

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