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Lithuania - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

  • February 2016
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 74 pages

Fibre accounting for two-thirds of broadband lines in Lithuania
Lithuania’s small telecoms market is among the more developed in Europe. A number of alternative operators offer services although the incumbent TEO, owed by TeliaSonera, remains the dominant operator in the fixed-line and broadband sectors. The number of fixed-line voice subscribers is in steady decline, attributed to fixed-to-mobile substitution.

The cable and DSL broadband sectors remain vibrant, offering effective competition in urban areas, though the focus among telcos as well as the government has been on investing in fibre networks, with an emphasis on delivering gigabyte data speeds. By early 2016 fibre accounted for the majority of new broadband connections. As a result of these efforts, Lithuania has one of the highest fibre broadband penetration rates globally. Regulatory measures have ensured that there is effective competition to TEO, while the government has also committed to providing €1 billion for fibre-based national broadband infrastructure.

Widespread internet usage has also resulted in a fast-emerging internet society, with a range of ICT services improving social and economic development, and with various e-commerce, e-government, e-education and e-health services increasingly available and used.

A burgeoning digital TV market is evident as a consequence of the transition to digital-only broadcasting. TEO is well positioned to develop the sector due to the company’s involvement in both videostreaming services and digital terrestrial TV.

The mobile market is served by Omnitel, Bité and Tele2, as well as by a number of MVNOs. In addition, the state-owned broadcaster Telecentras has become the fourth mobile operator, with an extensive LTE infrastructure using spectrum formerly assigned to its WiMAX offering.

SIM card penetration is high for the region, and while the prepaid sector accounts for the majority of subscribers the proportion of postpaid services is increasing. With dwindling new subscriber acquisition opportunities, mobile operators are heavily marketing mobile broadband services, made possible from past investments in 3G and HSPA networks and ongoing upgrades with LTE technology. By early 2016 services based on LTE networks were available to more than 90% of the population.

The recent acquisition by TEO of the remaining shares in Omnitel, the second largest player in the mobile market, has also provided the company with a secure presence in the market for convergent services and bundled offerings.

This report provides an overview of Lithuania’s telecom sector. It includes a variety of statistics from the regulator and the main players, as well as an overview of regulatory developments, and telecommunications network infrastructure. The report also reviews Lithuania’s highly-developed mobile market, covering the major operators, regulatory developments, mobile technologies, mobile data services and the development of 5G which is expected to be commercialised by 2018. In addition, the report offers a wide range of statistical data on the fixed and wireless broadband markets, including forecasts to 2020, as well as an overview of the videostreaming and digital TV sectors.


Key developments:
TEO and Omnitel merge;
JV created by Bité, Omnitel, Tele2 and TEO begins administering number portability;
Regulator removes obligations on TEO relating to fixed access market;
Lithuanian FttP penetration ranked among highest in the world; Government develops RAIN project extending fibre backbone to rural areas;
TEO fibre networks reach three-quarters of the population;
Regulator prepares auction for 900MHz and 1800MHz spectrum, licences to be held to 2032;
Tele2 launches tri-band carrier aggregation technology to provide data at up to 300Mb/s;
Mid Europa Partners agrees to sell Bité Lithuania;
Telecentras contracts Huawei to upgrade its mobile network with LTE;
Bité Lithuania expands LTE-A services delver data at up to 300Mb/s;
TeliaSonera partners with Ericsson to develop 5G services by 2018;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data to September 2015, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q4 2015, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:
TEO, CSC Telecom, Telekomunikaciju grupa, Cubio, Eurocom SIP, Nacionalinis telekomunikacij tinklas, Norby Telecom, Vinita, Balticum TV, Omnitel, Bité Lithuania, Tele2 Lithuania.

Table Of Contents

Lithuania - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
1. Key statistics
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Overview of Lithuania's telecom market
3. Regulatory environment
3.1 Background
3.1.1 EU regulatory framework
3.1.2 Revised NFR
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.2.1 Communications Regulatory Authority (RRT)
3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Lithuania
3.3.1 Privatisation
3.3.2 Interconnect
3.3.3 Access
3.3.4 Carrier selection and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
3.3.5 Number Portability (NP)
4. Fixed network operators
4.1 Market overview
4.2 Lietuvos Telekomas (TEO)
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.1.1 TEO
5.1.2 Alternative operators
5.2 International infrastructure
5.3 Wholesaling
5.3.1 Overview
6. Broadband market
6.1 Fixed broadband market
6.1.1 Introduction and statistical overview
6.1.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
6.1.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
6.1.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
6.2 Other fixed broadband services
6.2.1 Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
7. Digital media
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Bundled services
7.3 Videostreaming
7.4 Cable TV (CATV)
7.5 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
7.6 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
8. Digital economy
8.1 Overview
8.2 E-government
8.2.1 Infrastructure
8.3 E-health
9. Mobile communications
9.1 Market analysis
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.2.1 General statistics
9.2.2 Mobile data
9.2.3 Mobile broadband
9.3 Regulatory issues
9.3.1 GSM licences
9.3.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.3.3 2.6GHz spectrum
9.3.4 Auction 2013
9.3.5 Auction 2016
9.3.6 Significant Market Power (SMP)
9.3.7 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
9.3.8 Roaming
9.4 Mobile infrastructure
9.4.1 Digital networks
9.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
9.5 Major mobile operators
9.5.1 Omnitel
9.5.2 Bite
9.5.3 Tele2
9.6 Mobile content and applications
9.6.1 Portals
9.6.2 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
9.6.3 Mobile TV
Table 1 Country statistics Lithuania 2015 (e)
Table 2 Telecom revenue and investment statistics 2015 (9M)
Table 3 Telephone network statistics 2015 (e)
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2015 (e)
Table 5 Fixed broadband statistics 2015 (e)
Table 6 Mobile statistics 2015 (e)
Table 7 National telecommunications authority
Table 8 Telecom revenue () and annual change 2003 - 2015
Table 9 Telecom revenue by service () 2004 - 2015
Table 10 Telecom investment annual growth (LTL) 2006 - 2014
Table 11 Telecom investment () 2003 - 2015
Table 12 ARPU per service () 2006 - 2015
Table 13 Telecom revenue market share by operator 2010 - 2014
Table 14 Telecom revenue market share by sector 2011 - 2015
Table 15 Traffic in mobile and fixed-line networks 2003 - 2015
Table 16 Call termination charges 2010 - 2012
Table 17 Wholesale access lines by type 2006 - 2015
Table 18 CS and CPS lines 2008 - 2015
Table 19 Fixed numbers ported 2004 2015
Table 20 Market share of fixed-lines and revenue, alternative operators 2003 - 2015
Table 21 Fixed-lines by operator 2006 - 2015
Table 22 Fixed-telephony revenue 2004 - 2015
Table 23 TEO Group revenue (LTL) 2009 - 2014
Table 24 TEO Group financial data (LTL) 2006 - 2014
Table 25 TEO Group financial data 2006 - 2014
Table 26 TEO Group financial data () 2006 - 2015
Table 27 TEO fixed-line financial data 2013 - 2015
Table 28 TEO investments 2011 - 2015
Table 29 TEO Group revenue by sector (LTL) 2009 - 2014
Table 30 TEO Group subscribers by sector 2009 - 2015
Table 31 Historical - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1995 - 2004
Table 32 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 - 2016
Table 33 TEO fixed-line subscribers 2005 - 2015
Table 34 Total international internet bandwidth 2000 - 2015
Table 35 Dark fibre lines 2008 - 2015
Table 36 Revenue from wholesale access services 2005 - 2014
Table 37 Historic - Internet users and penetration rates 1999 - 2004
Table 38 Internet users and penetration rates 2005 - 2016
Table 39 Internet subscribers and penetration 2005 - 2015
Table 40 Proportion of fixed-line broadband connections by access type 2009 - 2015
Table 41 ISP market share of subscribers by operator 2009 - 2015
Table 42 Internet services market revenue 2006 - 2015
Table 43 Internet access market share by access type 2006 - 2015
Table 44 Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2001 - 2016
Table 45 Fixed broadband subscriber net additions per year 2007 - 2015
Table 46 Internet ARPU 2006 - 2015
Table 47 Broadband data rates as proportion of subscribers 2009 - 2015
Table 48 Super-fast broadband connections by type 2010 - 2015
Table 49 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
Table 50 Cable broadband subscribers 2005 - 2016
Table 51 TEO fixed broadband subscribers 2005 - 2015
Table 52 ADSL subscribers 2006 - 2016
Table 53 Wholesale DSL lines 2006 - 2014
Table 54 FttP/FttB subscribers 2008 - 2015
Table 55 TEO FttX subscribers 2006 - 2015
Table 56 TEO investment in FttX infrastructure 2006 - 2015
Table 57 FttX market share by operator 2014 - 2015
Table 58 TEO Wi-Fi subscribers 2007 - 2015
Table 59 Wi-Fi subscribers 2011 - 2015
Table 60 Wi-Fi hotspots 2012 - 2015
Table 61 Fixed-wireless broadband subscribers 2008 - 2015
Table 62 WiMAX subscribers 2011 - 2015
Table 63 Broadcasting revenue by platform () 2005 - 2015
Table 64 TV and radio revenue () 2005 - 2015
Table 65 Pay TV providers by platform 2012 - 2015
Table 66 Pay TV subscribers 2008 - 2015
Table 67 Pay TV market share by platform 2009 - 2015
Table 68 Digital TV subscribers by access method 2009 - 2015
Table 69 Digital TV market share by access method 2008 - 2015
Table 70 Subscribers to bundled services, by offer 2008 - 2015
Table 71 Subscribers to double and triple play services 2010 - 2015
Table 72 TEO IPTV subscribers 2006 - 2015
Table 73 Historic - Cable TV and MMDS subscribers 1997 - 2004
Table 74 Cable TV and MMDS subscribers 2005 - 2015
Table 75 DTTV revenue 2011 - 2014
Table 76 TEO DTTV subscribers 2008 - 2015
Table 77 Historical - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1998 - 2004
Table 78 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2016
Table 79 Proportion of mobile market revenue by service 2010 2015
Table 80 Revenue from roaming services 2006 - 2015
Table 81 Mobile market revenue, MNOs and resellers 2006 - 2015
Table 82 MVNO share of subscribers and revenue 2003 - 2015
Table 83 Proportion of mobile service revenue to total telecom sector revenue 2006 - 2015
Table 84 Retail mobile voice services revenue by operator 2009 - 2014
Table 85 3G/4G subscriber market share per operator 2009 - 2015
Table 86 Number of 3G/4G subscribers 2007 - 2015
Table 87 Market share per operator by revenue 2009 - 2015
Table 88 Market share per operator by subscribers 2009 - 2015
Table 89 Base stations in use 2006 2015
Table 90 Mobile ARPU 2005 - 2015
Table 91 Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers 2002 - 2015
Table 92 Prepaid subscribers 2010 - 2015
Table 93 Mobile data sent on 3G networks (quarterly comparison) 2006 - 2015
Table 94 Mobile data subscriber market share per operator 2009 - 2015
Table 95 Mobile data revenue 2010 - 2015
Table 96 Average mobile data speed by operator 2013 - 2014
Table 97 Total SMS messages sent 2004 - 2016
Table 98 SMS revenue and share of mobile market 2005 - 2015
Table 99 Total MMS messages sent 2004 - 2016
Table 100 Mobile broadband share of subscribers by operators 2013 - 2014
Table 101 Mobile broadband subscribers, penetration 2006 - 2016
Table 102 Accumulative mobile number portings 2004 - 2015
Table 103 Mobile interconnection revenue 2007 - 2015
Table 104 European roaming charges 2007 2016
Table 105 European retail data roaming charges 2012 - 2014
Table 106 European wholesale voice and data roaming charges 2012 - 2014
Table 107 HSPA subscribers (historic) 2007 - 2012
Table 108 Omnitel mobile subscribers 2007 - 2015
Table 109 Omnitel annualised ARPU (LTL) 2005 - 2014
Table 110 Omnitel ARPU () 2013 - 2015
Table 111 Omnitel MOU and churn 2005 - 2015
Table 112 Omnitel mobile revenue 2005 - 2015
Table 113 Bite mobile subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 114 Bite annualised ARPU 2007 2009; 2014
Table 115 Bite Lithuania financial data 2009 - 2015
Table 116 Tele2 mobile financial data 2008 - 2015
Table 117 Tele2 mobile subscribers 2007 - 2015
Table 118 M2M connections 2012 - 2015
Chart 1 Telecom investment and annual growth 2006 - 2014
Chart 2 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2016
Chart 3 Internet access market share by access type 2006 - 2015
Chart 4 Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2016
Chart 5 Broadband data rates as proportion of subscribers 2009 2015
Chart 6 TEO fixed broadband subscribers, total and DSL 2005 - 2015
Chart 7 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2016
Chart 8 Revenue from roaming services 2006 - 2015
Chart 9 Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers 2002 - 2015
Chart 10 Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2006 - 2016
Chart 11 Omnitel annualised ARPU (LTL) 2005 - 2014
Chart 12 Bite financial data 2009 - 2015
Chart 13 Tele2 mobile financial data 2008 - 2015
Exhibit 1 EU The New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
Exhibit 2 Access, the local loop and unbundling an overview
Exhibit 3 The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) annual E-readiness criteria
Exhibit 4 2G spectrum awarded
Exhibit 5 4G spectrum awarded 800MHz band

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