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Nonwoven Filter Media: Technologies and Global Markets

  • November 2016
  • -
  • BCC Research
  • -
  • 282 pages

This nonwoven report by BCC Research provides the recent advances in nonwoven filter media manufacturing, their commercial applications and worldwide markets.


Use this report to:
- Gain insight into recent technological advancements and product portfolios of the major players dealing in nonwoven filter media.
- Assess the global market scenario for nonwoven filter media by all regions, types, and applications.
- Identify market trends, issues and factors impacting the global market for nonwoven filter media, including raw materials and manufacturing processes.
- Evaluate the number of patents listed over a brief period in conjunction with nanofiber filtration.


Highlights
- The global market for nonwoven filter media reached $4.3 billion in 2015. The market should reach $4.6 billion in 2016 and nearly $6.5 billion by 2021, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7% from 2016 to 2021.
- The global nonwoven filter media for the transportation industry reached $922 million in 2015. The market should reach $988 million in 2016 and $1.4 billion in 2021, growing at a CAGR of 7.2% from 2016 to 2021.
- The healthcare market for global nonwoven media reached $508 million in 2015. The market should reach $554 million in 2016 and $847 million in 2021, growing at a CAGR of 8.9% from 2016 to 2021.


STUDY GOALS
The goal of this study is to help the reader form a comprehensive understanding of the recent advances in nonwoven filter media manufacturing, their commercial applications and worldwide markets. For the purposes of this report, the materials will include filter media manufactured by drylaid and wetlaid processes and by spunbonding, meltblowing and apertured film extrusion.


To attain the stated goal, several objectives will be met. The major types of nonwoven filter media manufacturing processes will be described. An overview of filtration processes and key physical and chemical properties of raw materials will be provided.
Commercial applications in which these materials are used will be discussed. Present consumption and future demand for these materials will be evaluated for global markets by four world regions: North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific region and the rest of the world.


Trends in technology will be analyzed and forecast. The impact of governmental regulations will be ascertained. The structural dynamics of the nonwoven filter media industry will be outlined, along with profiles of key manufacturers in North America and other parts of the world.



REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
Since the end processes for many nonwoven filter media are designed to control pollution and the purity of fluid streams, they are heavily regulated. Critical filtration processes include several application sectors: water filtration, heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC), manufacturing and food processing. The increasing consumer awareness of product safety, water purity and air quality and their long-term effects on human health are prompting new technological trends in the filtration industry.


Corporations engaged in the nonwoven filter media industry must understand the significance of these trends to effectively manage their enterprises and resources, as must stakeholders in the industry, who need to be aware of the effects that these trends place upon their operations. End users of nonwoven filter media must consider the effects of these changes to select the most cost-effective options among available products and technologies prior to committing significant capital resources.


CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY AND INTENDED AUDIENCE
This study provides a comprehensive accounting of worldwide nonwoven filter media markets in a multi-client format. It presents a thorough and up-to-date global assessment of the technology, markets and business of nonwoven filter media. This, in turn, will help industry participants, suppliers and customers make the informed decisions needed to compete and succeed in the marketplace.


Over the next five years, significant changes are forecast to take place in global nonwoven filter media manufacturing and applications. Consequently, the information presented in this study is very important to:
- Members of the financial community who must understand, assess and rate the effects of forthcoming changes in the nonwoven filter media industry on the financial performance of the companies active in this market segment.
- Chief executive officers who must effectively manage the assets of their company so they can benefit from forthcoming changes in the nonwoven filter media industry.
- Directors of planning who must incorporate anticipated changes in the nonwoven filter media industry into corporate planning documents.
- Directors of manufacturing who must implement new nonwoven filter media technology and products into their operations.
- Directors of engineering, research and development who must incorporate the latest in nonwoven filter media technology and products into their designs and projects.
- Decision makers targeting major nonwoven filter media consumers, such as the companies involved in water filtration, utilities, HVAC designers, automobile and manufacturing industry filtration system designers, and food processing industry participants.
- Executives at companies engaged in developing competitive filter media, including woven materials, foamed and mesh filter manufacturers, separation membrane manufacturers and so forth.


SCOPE AND FORMAT
This report covers the technological, economic and business considerations of the nonwoven filter media industry with analyses and forecasts provided for global markets. Included in the report are descriptions of market forces relevant to the nonwoven filter media industry and their areas of application.
Global markets are presented by type of nonwoven filter media along with growth forecasts through 2021. Estimates on sales value are based on the price in the supply chain at which the media are procured by filter fabricators or filtration system manufacturers.
Market-driving forces and industry structure are examined. International aspects are analyzed for all world regions and types of nonwoven filter media. Brief profiles of major global manufacturers are presented.


METHODOLOGY
Estimates of market demand are made for 2016 and are projected over five years. Projections are made in terms of constant U.S. dollars. Growth is presented in terms of a compound average annual growth rate (CAGR). Market values represent manufacturers’ revenue; it’s the value at final point of sale that has been calculated, which is not the same in all cases as the manufacturers’ revenue, since many agents and converters take their percentages.



INFORMATION SOURCES
Research for this report began with an analysis of the available technical and business literature, as well as an evaluation of records of the separations industry available to the author. Conversations with industry experts and company representatives and a review of their published works provide the backbone for an evaluation of the industry.
Information sources for the study also include online research, patent literature, technical journals and trade magazines, notably Nonwovens Industry, Nonwovens Report International and Sustainable Nonwovens. In evaluating the global market, information was obtained from the U.S. Department of Commerce, the Association of the Nonwoven Fabrics Industry (INDA), the European Disposables and Nonwovens Association (EDANA) and the Asian Nonwoven Fabrics Association (ANFA).


ANALYST’S CREDENTIALS
Adrian Wilson has been an analyst and editor specializing in the technical textiles, nonwovens and composites industries for more than 20 years. He is currently the editor of the B2B magazines Sustainable Nonwovens and Smart Textiles and Nanotechnology and has written numerous books on his fields of expertise.

Table Of Contents

Nonwoven Filter Media: Technologies and Global Markets
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY AND INTENDED AUDIENCE 2
SCOPE AND FORMAT 3
METHODOLOGY 3
INFORMATION SOURCES 4
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 4
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 4
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 4
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 9
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
APPLICATION, 2016 AND 2021 (%) 9
CHAPTER 3 FILTRATION OVERVIEW 12
FILTRATION MECHANISMS 12
STRAINING OR SIEVING 12
INTERCEPTION 12
DIFFUSION 12
INERTIAL IMPACTION 12
ELECTROSTATIC ATTRACTION 13
CATEGORIES OF FILTRATION 13
TABLE 1 BASIC EN AIR FILTER MEDIA GRADES 14
TABLE 2 MERV BASIC FILTER MEDIA GRADES 15
FILTRATION TYPES 15
SURFACE FILTRATION 15
DEEP-BED OR DEPTH FILTRATION 16
CHAPTER 4 NONWOVEN MATERIALS OVERVIEW 18
NONWOVEN MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT 18
NONWOVEN DEFINITIONS 18
NONWOVEN FUNCTIONALITY 19
NONWOVEN PRODUCTS 19
CHAPTER 5 RAW MATERIALS AND PROPERTIES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 22
RAW MATERIALS: FIBERS AND POLYMERS 22
TABLE 3 RAW MATERIALS EMPLOYED BY THE NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA INDUSTRY 22
GLOBAL FIBERS MARKET 22
FIBER TYPES 23
NATURAL FIBERS 23
Cellulosics 23
Rayon, Tencel and Viscose 23
Wool 24
Other Natural Fibers 24
SYNTHETIC FIBERS 24
Acrylic Fibers 24
Aramids 25
Glass 25
Polyester 26
Polyimide 26
Polyolefins and Polypropylene 27
Polyphenylene Sulfide 27
Polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) 28
Bicomponent Fibers 28
Biofibers 28
KEY PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF COMMERCIAL FIBERS 29
TABLE 4 KEY PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF COMMERCIAL FIBERS USED IN NONWOVEN
FILTER MEDIA INDUSTRY 29
TABLE 5 OPERATING PARAMETERS FOR COMMON FIBERS EMPLOYED IN
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN WATER FILTRATION 29
TABLE 6 OPERATING PARAMETERS FOR FIBERS IN EMPLOYED IN NONWOVEN
FILTER MEDIA FOR GAS FILTRATION 30
KEY PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND TESTING OF FILTER MEDIA 31
TABLE 7 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF FIBERS THAT INFLUENCE FILTRATION
PERFORMANCE 31
Pressure Drop 32
TABLE 8 STANDARD TEST METHODS FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 33
TABLE 9 CLASSIFICATION OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA PROPERTIES 33
Triboelectric Effects in Filter Media 34
TABLE 10 TRIBOELECTRIC NATURE OF FIBERS USED IN NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 34
COMPARISON OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA AND MEMBRANES 35
TABLE 11 COMPARISON OF MEMBRANE AND NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 36
NONWOVENS APPROACHING MEMBRANE EFFICIENCY 36
Ahlstrom Disruptor 36
DuPont HMT 38
CHAPTER 6 NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA MANUFACTURING 40
MANUFACTURING OF NONWOVEN FILTERING MEDIA 40
DRYLAID NONWOVENS 40
Carding 40
Airlaying 41
WETLAID NONWOVENS 41
Process Equipment 42
SPUNBOND PROCESS 43
Manufacturing Process 43
Polymer Melt Preparation 43
Filament Extrusion, Spinning and Drawing 44
Web Forming 44
Bonding 45
Product Characteristics 45
TABLE 12 CHARACTERISTICS OF SPUNBOND NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 46
Commercial Spunbonding Processes 46
Meltblown Process 47
Meltblowing Operation 47
Process and Property Relationships 48
TABLE 13 CHARACTERISTICS OF MELTBLOWN FILTER MEDIA 49
Limitations of Meltblown Technology 49
TABLE 14 COMPARISON OF SPUNBONDING AND MELTBLOWN TECHNOLOGIES FOR
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 49
Apertured Films Process 50
Hybrids and Combination Composites 51
Composite Material Formation 51
Technology Trends 51
COMMON BONDING METHODS AND DOWNSTREAM OPERATIONS IN
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA MANUFACTURING 52
Bonding Processes 52
Needlepunching 52
Chemical Bonding 53
Stitch Bonding 54
Thermal Bonding 54
Spunlacing 54
Norafin's Spunlaced Media 55
Layering and Crosslapping 55
Finishing 56
TABLE 15 IN-HOUSE TECHNOLOGIES OF THE LEADING FILTER MEDIA
MANUFACTURERS 56
SUMMARY OF THE NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA MANUFACTURING
PROCESSES 57
TABLE 16 COMPARISON OF BASIC NONWOVEN TECHNOLOGIES USED IN
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA MANUFACTURING 57
PRODUCT FORMS OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 58
AIR AND GAS FILTRATION 58
WATER AND LIQUID FILTRATION PRODUCTS 58
TABLE 17 PRODUCT FORMS OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 59
CHAPTER 7 COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS AND NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA
PRODUCTION AND PRICING OVERVIEW 61
COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS 61
TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 62
TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
APPLICATION, 2015 (%) 63
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY FILTRATE
TYPE, 2015 (%) 63
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES BY VALUE OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 64
TABLE 22 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES BY VOLUME OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
MEDIA TYPE, 2015 (METRIC TONS/%) 64
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA PRICES 65
RAW MATERIALS PRICES 66
FILTER MEDIA MANUFACTURING MARGINS 66
CHAPTER 8 TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 68
APPLICATIONS FOR FILTER MEDIA IN TRANSPORT 68
FUEL AND OIL FILTERS 68
AIR INDUCTION FILTERS 69
ISO 19713 for Engine Air Intake Filtration 69
Diesel Engine Demands 69
Euro VI Standard 70
Mann+Hummel's Micrograde A-NF 71
Mann+Hummel's Three-stage Micrograde F 72
Clarcor's Hybrid Media 72
Donaldson's Synteq XP 72
Johns Manville's Bicomponent Hybrids 73
Ahlstrom's Captimax 73
Sandler's Sawascreen Pleat 73
Cummins' Fleetguard and Stratapore 74
Cummins' NanoNet 74
Cummins' NanoForce 75
Volkswagen Controversy 75
Tougher Standards Anticipated 75
Pedestrian Protection 76
AUTOMOTIVE CABIN AIR FILTRATION 76
Demands on Cabin Air Filters 76
Freudenberg's micronAir 77
Hollingsworth and Vose's Technostat 77
3M's Filtrete 77
Donaldson's Ultra-Web 78
Donaldson's PowerCore 78
Mann+Hummel's Frecious Plus 79
Humidity's Effect on Cabin Air Filtration Systems 79
Donaldson's TopSpin 79
AIRCRAFT FILTRATION 80
Engine Lube and Fuel Filtration 80
Hydraulic Systems 81
Ground Support Equipment 81
Cabin Air Systems 81
Avionics Cooling Electronic Equipment (E/E) Systems 83
Advanced Engine Bleed Air 83
Transportation Filter Media Market Value 83
TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
THE AUTOMOTIVE AIR INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 24 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 84
CHAPTER 9 WATER FILTRATION APPLICATIONS 86
SUPPLYING CLEAN WATER 86
TYPES OF WATER TREATMENT 87
DRINKING WATER 87
AquaSure 88
Membrane-Based Separations Applications 88
Flat Membranes 89
Tubular Membranes 89
Pleated Membranes 90
Reemay Synergex 90
Viledon Hydrotexx ECO 90
PROCESS INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS 91
Boiler Feed Water Filtrations 91
Process Filtration Applications 91
WASTEWATER TREATMENT APPLICATIONS 91
Domestic Wastewater 91
Industrial Wastewater 93
Freudenberg and Aquabio 94
Industrial Treatment Applications 94
Municipal Treatment Applications 95
SWIMMING POOL APPLICATIONS 95
Reemay Spa and Pool Filter Media 96
Johns Manville's C-Clear 97
SEAWATER DESALINATION 97
Biomimetics 97
AquaZ 98
WQA Product Sustainability Standards 98
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA GROWTH IN THE WATER FILTRATION INDUSTRY 99
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN WATER FILTRATION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 99
TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN WATER
TREATMENT, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 100
CHAPTER 10 HVAC APPLICATIONS 102
AIR QUALITY OUTSIDE AND INDOORS 102
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA FOR HVAC 103
VENTILATION FILTERS 103
Commercial HVAC Filters 104
52.2 ASHRAE Standards 104
European Standard EN 13779 105
TABLE 27 TYPICAL OUTDOOR AIR QUALITY UNDER EN 13779 CATEGORIZATION 106
TABLE 28 TYPICAL INDOOR AIR QUALITY UNDER THE EN 13779 CATEGORIZATION 106
EN779:2012 and the new ISO 16890 for General Air Filters 107
TABLE 29 EN779:2012 STANDARD FOR GENERAL VENTILATION AIR FILTERS 108
New ISO 16890 Standard for General Air Filters 108
Air Filtration in Commercial Buildings 109
Camfil Hi-Flo II 109
Ahlstrom Pleat 2Save 110
ADSORBENT-IMPREGNATED FILTER MEDIA FOR ODOR REMOVAL 110
3M Filtrete Retail Media 111
TABLE 30 COST COMPARISON OF RETAIL HVAC FILTERS ($) 111
TABLE 31 EFFECTIVENESS AND ANNUAL COST OF SIX HVAC FILTERS (%/$) 112
Vacuum Cleaner Bags 112
Sandler's PLA Vacuum Filter 113
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA GROWTH IN THE HVAC INDUSTRY 113
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
THE HVAC INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 114
TABLE 33 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN THE HVAC
INDUSTRY, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 115
CHAPTER 11 HEALTHCARE APPLICATIONS 117
COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS 117
HEPA AND ULPA FILTRATION 117
TABLE 34 HEPA AND ULPA FILTER CLASSES AS PER EN 1822:2009 STANDARD (%) 118
AIR FILTRATION IN HEALTHCARE FACILITIES 119
TABLE 35 AVERAGE SIZE OF COMMON CONTAMINANTS IN HOSPITAL AIR (MICRONS) 119
TABLE 36 CHARACTERISTICS OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN HOSPITAL AIR
FILTRATION APPLICATIONS 120
BIOFLUID FILTRATION APPLICATIONS 121
Blood and Serum Filtration Applications 121
Separation of Red and White Blood Cells by Filtration 122
Asahi's Sepacell 122
Hemodialysis 123
Attempt to Develop a Universal Plasma Filter 123
PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY 124
MEMBRANE SUPPORT APPLICATIONS IN BIOTECH 125
3M Emphaze AEX Hybrid Purifier 125
BIOPHARMA 126
FibroSelect Nanofiber Filtration 126
MISCELLANEOUS OTHER APPLICATIONS IN THE HEALTHCARE SECTOR 127
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA GROWTH IN THE HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY 128
TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
THE HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 130
TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN HEALTHCARE
APPLICATIONS, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 131
CHAPTER 12 FOOD PROCESSING APPLICATIONS 133
FOOD AND BEVERAGE PROCESSING 133
ADDITIVES ELIMINATION OPPORTUNITY 134
BREWING INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS 134
MORE NONWOVENS SUBSTITUTION 135
BOTTLED WATER INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS 135
OILS AND FERMENTATION PRODUCTS INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS 136
COFFEE FILTERS AND PODS 136
3M Adds Wi-Fi to Coffee Filters 137
TEA BAGS 137
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA GROWTH IN THE FOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRY 137
TABLE 39 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
FOOD AND BEVERAGE PROCESSING, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 138
TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN FOOD AND
BEVERAGE PROCESSING, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 139
CHAPTER 13 INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURING APPLICATIONS 141
COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS 141
METAL PROCESSING INDUSTRY 141
Gravity Filters 142
Vacuum and Pressure Filters 142
DUST COLLECTION APPLICATIONS 143
THE PROCESS AND ENERGY INDUSTRIES 143
BAGHOUSES 144
TABLE 41 TYPICAL MAXIMUM OPERATING TEMPERATURES AND WEIGHTS OF
FIBERS EMPLOYED IN MEDIA FOR HIGH-TEMPERATURE APPLICATIONS (°C/GSM) 145
Tougher Emissions Standards 146
High-Temperature Filtration in Cement and Asphalt Manufacturing 146
POWER GENERATION 147
Turbomachinery Applications 147
TABLE 42 SURVEY OF COMMON AIRBORNE CONTAMINANT CONCENTRATION AND
SIZES (MG/M3/MICRON) 147
Hot Gas Filtration Applications 148
Water Filters for Generators 148
FILTER MEDIA FOR WATER JET CUTTING MACHINES 149
CHEMICAL PROCESS INDUSTRY 150
TEXTILE MILLS 151
PAINTS AND COATINGS INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS 151
Filler Particle Removal from Effluents 152
Ink Filtration Applications 152
Gels Removal 152
PERFUMES AND COSMETICS INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS 153
PERSONAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 153
Electrostatic Nonwoven Filter Media for Removal of Microbial Spores
and Bacteria 154
BIOFILTRATION APPLICATIONS 154
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA GROWTH IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 154
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURING, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 155
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
MANUFACTURING, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 155
CHAPTER 14 OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS 157
OIL REFINING 157
CATALYSTS PROTECTION 157
AMINE SWEETENING 157
SOUR WATER STRIPPING 157
UTILITIES SYSTEMS 158
FINAL PRODUCT FILTRATION 158
3M DF FILTER SYSTEM 158
COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS 159
HYDROCARBON PROCESSING INDUSTRY 159
PETROCHEMICALS INDUSTRY 159
Coalescers 160
MINING INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS 160
Hydraulic Fluid Filtration 160
Mine Air Filtration 161
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA GROWTH IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY 161
TABLE 45 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 162
TABLE 46 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN THE OIL AND
GAS INDUSTRY, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 162
CHAPTER 15 ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS 164
HIGH TECHNOLOGY AND CLEAN ROOMS 164
ELECTRONICS MANUFACTURING 164
Clean Room Manufacturing Environment 164
Removal of Foul Gases by Adsorbent-Loaded Filter Media 165
Solvent Filtration in Printed Circuit Board Manufacturing 166
Ultrapure Water Usage 166
Meltblown Polypropylene for CMP Slurry Applications 167
AIR FILTRATION FOR ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS 168
Electronics and Disk Drives 168
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA GROWTH IN THE ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY 168
Semiconductor Sales in 2015 168
TABLE 47 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH IN THE ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 169
TABLE 48 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN THE
ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 170
CHAPTER 16 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 172
CUSTOMER BASE 172
COMMODITY AND SPECIALIZED MARKETS 172
SWOT ANALYSIS OF THE NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA INDUSTRY 172
STRENGTHS 172
WEAKNESSES 173
OPPORTUNITIES 173
THREATS 174
DRIVING FORCE ANALYSIS 174
REGULATORY FORCES 174
Clean Air Act (CAA) 175
EPA's 2007 Highway Rule 175
PM2.5 Standard 175
Clean Water Act (CWA) 176
Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) 176
PUBLIC HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS 176
Air and Water Quality Concerns 176
Environmental Protection and Pollution Control 176
ECONOMIC FORCES 177
Raw Material Inflation and Product Pricing 177
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE FORCES 178
Competition 178
New Entrants 179
Substitute Products 179
Buyers' Influence 180
Suppliers' Influence 180
COMPETITIVE STRATEGIES IN THE NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA INDUSTRY 181
NEW MARKET DEVELOPMENT 181
STRATEGIC ALLIANCES AND MERGERS 181
CUSTOMIZATION 181
FOCUS ON NICHE MARKETS 182
STANDARDIZATION 182
CHAPTER 17 COMPANY PROFILES: MAJOR CUSTOMERS AND USERS OF NONWOVEN
FILTER MEDIA 184
END-USE MARKET 184
THE FILTER MEDIA CONVERTING INDUSTRY AND SUPPLY CHAIN 184
TABLE 49 KEY FINISHING TREATMENTS FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 184
FILTER SYSTEMS AND RELATED EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS 185
TABLE 50 TEN LEADING GLOBAL MANUFACTURERS OF FILTER SYSTEMS, BY FILTER
INDUSTRY TURNOVER, 2015 185
TABLE 51 PALL'S SPECIFIC FILTER MEDIA ADVANTAGES 186
MANN + HUMMEL 187
AUTOMOTIVE ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT 187
AUTOMOTIVE AFTERMARKET 187
INDUSTRIAL FILTRATION 188
WATER FILTRATION 188
MANN+HUMMEL ACQUISITIONS 188
TABLE 52 SIGNIFICANT MANN + HUMMEL ACQUISITIONS 188
CUMMINS 189
CUMMINS FILTRATION 189
PALL FILTRATION 190
PALL'S BUSINESSES 190
PALL'S FILTER MEDIA 191
PALL'S CUSTOMIZED MEDIA 191
TABLE 53 CUSTOMIZED FILTER SOLUTIONS FROM PALL 191
PARKER-HANNIFIN 192
PARKER-HANNIFIN'S FILTRATION BUSINESS 192
DONALDSON 193
DONALDSON FILTER MEDIA 194
DONALDSON LIQUID FILTRATION 194
3M 194
3M CUNO 195
3M POWELL CORPORATION 195
3M POLYPORE INTERNATIONAL 195
PENTAIR 196
PENTAIR'S FLOW AND FILTRATION SOLUTIONS 196
PENTAIR'S WATER QUALITY SYSTEMS 197
PENTAIR'S KEY ACQUISITIONS 197
POROUS MEDIA 198
CLARCOR 198
TABLE 54 CLARCOR KEY ACQUISITIONS 199
CLARCOR ENGINE/MOBILE FILTRATION 199
CLARCOR INDUSTRIAL/ENVIRONMENTAL FILTRATION 199
FILTRATION GROUP 200
TABLE 55 FILTRATION GROUP ACQUISITIONS, 2009-2016 201
TABLE 56 FILTRATION GROUP COMPANIES, BY BUSINESS UNIT 201
CAMFIL 202
CAMFIL FILTERS 202
CAMFIL POWER SYSTEMS 203
CAMFIL APC 203
CHAPTER 18 COMPANY PROFILES: MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF NONWOVEN FILTER
MEDIA 206
TABLE 57 TOP 15 NONWOVEN COMPANIES WITH FILTER MEDIA BUSINESSES, BY
GLOBAL NONWOVEN REVENUE, 2015 206
BERRY PLASTIC (AVINTIV/REEMAY) 206
TABLE 58 AVINTIV'S KEY ACQUISITIONS 207
REEMAY 207
EVERIST 208
FREUDENBERG 208
TABLE 59 FREUDENBERG FILTRATION TECHNOLOGIES NOTABLE DEVELOPMENTS,
2005-2014 209
VILEDON AND MICRONAIR 209
DUPONT 210
KIMBERLY-CLARK 210
COFORM 211
AHLSTROM 211
TABLE 60 NOTABLE FILTER-MEDIA RELATED AHLSTROM ACQUISITIONS 212
TABLE 61 SIGNIFICANT FILTER-MEDIA RELATED EXPANSION BY AHLSTROM 212
JOHNS MANVILLE 213
JOHNS MANVILLE ENGINEERED PRODUCTS GROUP (EPG) 213
GLATFELTER 214
GLATFELTER COMPOSITE FIBERS 214
GLATFELTER AND DREAMWEAVER 214
LYDALL 215
HOLLINGSWORTH and VOSE 216
HandV ENGINE AND INDUSTRIAL FILTRATION 216
HandV HIGH EFFICIENCY AIR AND LIQUID FILTRATION 216
HandV BATTERY SEPARATORS 216
SANDLER 217
3M 218
BWF GROUP 218
BWF ENVIROTEC 218
FIBERTEX NONWOVENS 219
TABLE 62 NOTABLE FIBERTEX ACQUISITIONS, 2004-2015 219
MOGUL 219
NEENAH 220
OTHER NONWOVEN MANUFACTURERS WITH FILTER MEDIA ACTIVITIES 221
ALBARRIE FILTRATION 221
ASAHI KASEI 221
ASTENJOHNSON 222
CEREX 222
CHARMINAR NONWOVEN LTD. 222
COSTIN NEW MATERIALS GROUP 222
EASTMAN CHEMICAL/KNOWLTON TECHNOLOGIES 223
FIBER BOND CORP. 224
FILTER SPECIALISTS, INC. (FSI) 224
FOSS MANUFACTURING CO. 224
GUTSCHE GMBH 224
HANES COMPANIES, INC. 225
HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL, INC. 225
INDORAMA 225
JAPAN VILENE 226
Ecoalpha 226
Vilo Salt and Vilo Pleats 227
Battery Separators 227
JOFO GROUP 228
KANG NA HSIUNG (KNH) ENTERPRISE LTD. 228
KARINCA FILTER 228
KURARAY CO. LTD. 228
MITSUI CHEMICALS, INC. 229
MONADNOCK NONWOVENS LLC 229
NATIONAL NONWOVENS INC. 230
NORAFIN 230
POLIMEROS Y DERIVADOS 231
SUPERIOR FIBERS, INC. 231
TEIJIN 231
Teijin Aramid Fibers 232
Teijin Carbon Fibers 232
Teijin Polyester Fibers 232
Teijin Water Purification Treatment 233
TENOWO 233
TEXEL NONWOVENS 234
TORAY INDUSTRIES 234
TOYOBO 236
TWE GROUP 236
W.L. GORE and ASSOCIATES 237
OTHER U.S. FILTER MEDIA CONVERTERS 237
Boyd Technologies Inc. 237
Flo Tech 237
Midwest Filtration LLC 237
Sly, Inc. 237
Superior Felt and Filtration 238
CHAPTER 19 GLOBAL MARKETS FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 240
GLOBAL MARKETS FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 240
ASIA-PACIFIC 241
NORTH AMERICA 241
EUROPE 242
TABLE 63 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 242
TABLE 64 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY REGION,
2015 (%) 243
TABLE 65 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 243
CHAPTER 20 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET OVERVIEW 245
NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 245
ECONOMIC TRENDS 245
U.S. 245
Canada 245
Mexico 246
REGIONAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH 247
APPLICATION AREAS 247
Transportation 247
Water Filtration 248
Drinking Water, Municipal/Domestic Wastewater 249
The U.S. 249
Canada 249
Mexico 250
Industrial Process Water/Wastewater 250
HVAC 251
Food Processing 251
Healthcare 252
Air Treatment in Healthcare 252
Biotech, Bioprocessing and Pharmaceuticals 253
The U.S. 253
Canada 254
Mexico 254
Industrial Manufacturing 255
Oil and Gas Industry 256
Produced Water Treatment 256
Electronics 257
NORTH AMERICAN MARKET VALUE 258
TABLE 66 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER
MEDIA, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 259
TABLE 67 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
APPLICATION, 2015 (%) 259
CHAPTER 21 EUROPEAN MARKET OVERVIEW 261
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 261
ECONOMIC TRENDS 261
MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH 262
APPLICATION AREAS 262
Transportation 262
Water Filtration 263
Drinking Water 263
Wastewater 264
Desalination 264
HVAC 264
Industrial Manufacturing 265
Food Processing 265
Healthcare 266
Oil and Gas 267
Electronics 268
REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT 268
European Commission Guidelines 269
TABLE 68 EUROPEAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA,
BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 270
TABLE 69 EUROPEAN MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
APPLICATION, 2015 (%) 270
CHAPTER 22 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET OVERVIEW 272
ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 272
ECONOMIC TRENDS 272
China 272
India 274
VALUE OF THE ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET 275
APPLICATION MARKETS 275
Water Filtration 275
Municipal Water/Wastewater 275
Industrial Process Water/Wastewater 276
Transportation 277
HVAC 278
Healthcare 279
Food Processing 280
Industrial Manufacturing 280
Electronics 281
Oil and Gas 282
Produced Water 282
India 283
TABLE 70 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER
MEDIA, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 284
TABLE 71 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
APPLICATION, 2015 (%) 284
CHAPTER 23 REST OF THE WORLD MARKET OVERVIEW 286
REST OF THE WORLD MARKET FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 286
ECONOMIC TRENDS 286
TABLE 72 REST OF WORLD MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER
MEDIA, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 287
TABLE 73 REST OF THE WORLD MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA,
BY APPLICATION, 2015 (%) 287
LATIN AND SOUTH AMERICA 288
Water Filtration 288
Transportation 288
Industrial Manufacturing 289
Oil and Gas 289
MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA 290
Nonwovens Manufacturing 290
Water Filtration 290
Desalination 291
Oil and Gas 292
Middle East 292
Africa 293
Other Applications 293
CHAPTER 24 TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS AND TRENDS 295
PATENT ANALYSIS 295
TABLE 74 GLOBAL PATENTS RELATED TO NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, JUNE 2011
TO JUNE 2016 295
PATENTS IN CHINA 298
NANOFIBER FILTRATION PATENTS 299
TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT TRENDS 299
NANOFIBER FILTER MEDIA DEVELOPMENTS 300
Electrospinning 300
Nozzleless Electrospinning 301
Alternative Technologies 302
Plasma Coating 303
SPUNBONDED POLYESTER AND HYBRIDS 303
BICOMPONENT FIBERS 304
ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE MEDIA 304
RECYCLED FIBERS 305
SURFACE-MODIFIED FIBERS 305
PLEATED CERAMIC MATERIALS 306


LIST OF TABLES
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 9
TABLE 1 BASIC EN AIR FILTER MEDIA GRADES 14
TABLE 2 MERV BASIC FILTER MEDIA GRADES 15
TABLE 3 RAW MATERIALS EMPLOYED BY THE NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA INDUSTRY 22
TABLE 4 KEY PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF COMMERCIAL FIBERS USED IN NONWOVEN
FILTER MEDIA INDUSTRY 29
TABLE 5 OPERATING PARAMETERS FOR COMMON FIBERS EMPLOYED IN NONWOVEN
FILTER MEDIA IN WATER FILTRATION 29
TABLE 6 OPERATING PARAMETERS FOR FIBERS IN EMPLOYED IN NONWOVEN FILTER
MEDIA FOR GAS FILTRATION 30
TABLE 7 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF FIBERS THAT INFLUENCE FILTRATION
PERFORMANCE 31
TABLE 8 STANDARD TEST METHODS FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 33
TABLE 9 CLASSIFICATION OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA PROPERTIES 33
TABLE 10 TRIBOELECTRIC NATURE OF FIBERS USED IN NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 34
TABLE 11 COMPARISON OF MEMBRANE AND NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 36
TABLE 12 CHARACTERISTICS OF SPUNBOND NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 46
TABLE 13 CHARACTERISTICS OF MELTBLOWN FILTER MEDIA 49
TABLE 14 COMPARISON OF SPUNBONDING AND MELTBLOWN TECHNOLOGIES FOR
NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 49
TABLE 15 IN-HOUSE TECHNOLOGIES OF THE LEADING FILTER MEDIA
MANUFACTURERS 56
TABLE 16 COMPARISON OF BASIC NONWOVEN TECHNOLOGIES USED IN NONWOVEN
FILTER MEDIA MANUFACTURING 57
TABLE 17 PRODUCT FORMS OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 59
TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 62
TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY APPLICATION,
2015 (%) 63
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY FILTRATE
TYPE, 2015 (%) 63
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES BY VALUE OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 64
TABLE 22 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES BY VOLUME OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
MEDIA TYPE, 2015 (METRIC TONS/%) 64
TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
THE AUTOMOTIVE AIR INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 24 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 84
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN WATER FILTRATION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 99
TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN WATER
TREATMENT, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 100
TABLE 27 TYPICAL OUTDOOR AIR QUALITY UNDER EN 13779 CATEGORIZATION 106
TABLE 28 TYPICAL INDOOR AIR QUALITY UNDER THE EN 13779 CATEGORIZATION 106
TABLE 29 EN779:2012 STANDARD FOR GENERAL VENTILATION AIR FILTERS 108
TABLE 30 COST COMPARISON OF RETAIL HVAC FILTERS ($) 111
TABLE 31 EFFECTIVENESS AND ANNUAL COST OF SIX HVAC FILTERS (%/$) 112
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
THE HVAC INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 114
TABLE 33 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN THE HVAC
INDUSTRY, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 115
TABLE 34 HEPA AND ULPA FILTER CLASSES AS PER EN 1822:2009 STANDARD (%) 118
TABLE 35 AVERAGE SIZE OF COMMON CONTAMINANTS IN HOSPITAL AIR (MICRONS) 119
TABLE 36 CHARACTERISTICS OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN HOSPITAL AIR
FILTRATION APPLICATIONS 120
TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
THE HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 130
TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN HEALTHCARE
APPLICATIONS, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 131
TABLE 39 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
FOOD AND BEVERAGE PROCESSING, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 138
TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN FOOD AND
BEVERAGE PROCESSING, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 139
TABLE 41 TYPICAL MAXIMUM OPERATING TEMPERATURES AND WEIGHTS OF FIBERS
EMPLOYED IN MEDIA FOR HIGH-TEMPERATURE APPLICATIONS (°C/GSM) 145
TABLE 42 SURVEY OF COMMON AIRBORNE CONTAMINANT CONCENTRATION AND
SIZES (MG/M3/MICRON) 147
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURING, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 155
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
MANUFACTURING, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 155
TABLE 45 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN
THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 162
TABLE 46 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN THE OIL AND
GAS INDUSTRY, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 162
TABLE 47 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH IN THE ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 169
TABLE 48 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA IN THE
ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY, BY MEDIA TYPE, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%) 170
TABLE 49 KEY FINISHING TREATMENTS FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA 184
TABLE 50 TEN LEADING GLOBAL MANUFACTURERS OF FILTER SYSTEMS, BY FILTER
INDUSTRY TURNOVER, 2015 185
TABLE 51 PALL'S SPECIFIC FILTER MEDIA ADVANTAGES 186
TABLE 52 SIGNIFICANT MANN + HUMMEL ACQUISITIONS 188
TABLE 53 CUSTOMIZED FILTER SOLUTIONS FROM PALL 191
TABLE 54 CLARCOR KEY ACQUISITIONS 199
TABLE 55 FILTRATION GROUP ACQUISITIONS, 2009-2016 201
TABLE 56 FILTRATION GROUP COMPANIES, BY BUSINESS UNIT 201
TABLE 57 TOP 15 NONWOVEN COMPANIES WITH FILTER MEDIA BUSINESSES, BY
GLOBAL NONWOVEN REVENUE, 2015 206
TABLE 58 AVINTIV'S KEY ACQUISITIONS 207
TABLE 59 FREUDENBERG FILTRATION TECHNOLOGIES NOTABLE DEVELOPMENTS,
2005-2014 209
TABLE 60 NOTABLE FILTER-MEDIA RELATED AHLSTROM ACQUISITIONS 212
TABLE 61 SIGNIFICANT FILTER-MEDIA RELATED EXPANSION BY AHLSTROM 212
TABLE 62 NOTABLE FIBERTEX ACQUISITIONS, 2004-2015 219
TABLE 63 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 242
TABLE 64 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY REGION,
2015 (%) 243
TABLE 65 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 243
TABLE 66 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER
MEDIA, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 259
TABLE 67 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
APPLICATION, 2015 (%) 259
TABLE 68 EUROPEAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA,
BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 270
TABLE 69 EUROPEAN MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
APPLICATION, 2015 (%) 270
TABLE 70 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA,
BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 284
TABLE 71 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
APPLICATION, 2015 (%) 284
TABLE 72 REST OF WORLD MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR NONWOVEN FILTER
MEDIA, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 287
TABLE 73 REST OF THE WORLD MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY
APPLICATION, 2015 (%) 287
TABLE 74 GLOBAL PATENTS RELATED TO NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, JUNE 2011 TO
JUNE 2016 295


LIST OF FIGURES
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET SHARES OF NONWOVEN FILTER MEDIA, BY APPLICATION, 2016 AND 2021 (%) 9

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