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Russia - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

  • February 2016
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 96 pages

Russia commits to improving IT services to 37 million rural citizens
The Russian telecom market is the largest in Europe, supported by a population of about 147 million. The market is dominated by the western regions where the main cities and economic centres are concentrated. All sectors have been liberalised, with competition most prevalent in Moscow. The network provider Rostelecom, having absorbed regional operators in 2011, has now merged its mobile business with Tele2 Russia, which launched mobile services in the important Moscow market in October 2015.

The government is investing billions of Rubles in a 200,000km telecom network which will provide a 10Mb/s broadband service to thousands of underserved villages. Rostelecom has been contracted to undertake and manage the work. Russia has also emerged as one of Europe’s fastest growing markets for fibre-based broadband, with Rostelecom’s own fibre broadband access network covering more than 30 million premises by December 2015, and with fibre making up more than half of its broadband subscriber base.

Russia also has the largest mobile market in Europe, with the number of subscriptions approaching 250 million. Mobile SIM card penetration is high, at around 175% by early 2016, although actual mobile user penetration is lower due to the popularity of multiple SIM card use. Several mobile network operators offer services, although the market is dominated by only four: MTS, VimpelCom, Tele2 Russia and MegaFon. Competition in the key markets of Moscow and St Petersburg is fierce, due to the size of the cities’ populations and the high concentration of wealth there.

The deployment of HSPA and LTE networks presents a new growth opportunity through mobile broadband and data services, which make up a growing proportion of overall mobile revenue.

Growth in the fixed-line broadband sector began to stall in 2013 in response to higher penetration. Nevertheless, incumbent and alternative telcos continue to upgrade infrastructure as part of a general trend for bundled services and a focus on fibre. Much of the copper network is of poor quality, while there remains considerable need to invest in infrastructure covering a large number of regional towns which still lack mobile or internet access.

This report provides an overview of Russia’s fixed-line telecom and IT markets, including information on key regulatory developments and an assessment of telcos’ financial and operating data and strategies. The report also covers the broadband market, assessing the status of the DSL, cable and fibre sectors as well as developments in network infrastructure. The mobile voice and data markets are also covered, including regulatory measures, profiles of the major mobile operators and their financial and operational statistics, and a review of technologies including LTE and 5G.


Key developments:
Rostelecom merges with Tele2 Russia, extends LTE services;
Rostelecom appointed the sole universal telecom services provider, contracted to develop telecom network offering improved services to 13,600 villages;
MTS and VimpelCom agree on shared spectrum to expand LTE across 20 regions;
MTS secures national licence in 2.6GHz spectrum auction;
VimpelCom aiming to halt 3G investment by late 2016;
MegaFon planning to spin off towers infrastructure into a separate company;
Ericsson and MTS sign agreement to develop 5G services by 2018;
Ministry of Communications removes restrictions on IMS, allowing for national VoLTE services;
Rostelecom’s fibre broadband access network reached more than 30 million premises by end-2015;
Moscow City Telephone Network with 700,000 on its GPON network;
Fibre representing 52% of Rostelecom’s total broadband subscriber base
RUB3.1 billion investment for satellite broadband in remote areas; mobile internet subscriber base reaches 96 million;
MTG sells Russian pay-TV business;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data to September 2015, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q3 2015, recent market developments.



Companies mentioned in this report:
TransTeleCom, VimpelCom, ER-Telecom, MTS, Rostelecom, PeterStar, MegaFon, Tele2 Russia, Skylink, Volga Telecom, SMARTS Group, Uralsvyazinform, Synterra Telecom, Comstar, Summa Telecom, MetroMAX, Yota, Virgin Connect, Enforta, Golden Telecom, Mostelecom, Akado Group, NTV, Ren TV, CTC Media, TV Radio Company.

Table Of Contents

Russia - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
1. Key statistics
1.1 Country overview
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Market analysis
3. Regulatory environment
3.1 Historical overview
3.2 Telecommunications Law 2003
3.3 Regulatory authority
3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation
3.5 Privatisation
3.6 Interconnection
3.7 Access
3.8 Carrier selection
3.9 Universal service obligation
3.10 Calling Party Pays (CPP) legislation
3.11 Local call tariffs
4. Fixed network operators
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Svyazinvest
4.2.1 Regional operators
4.3 Rostelecom
4.4 Central Telegraph
4.5 VimpelCom
4.6 Multiregional Transit Telecom
4.7 TransTeleCom (TTK)
4.8 PeterStar
4.9 ER-Telecom
4.10 MTS
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
5.2 New developments
5.3 Local
5.3.1 Central Telegraph
5.3.2 MTS
5.3.3 Golden Telecom
5.3.4 PeterStar
5.4 National
5.4.1 Golden Telecom
5.4.2 Rostelecom
5.4.3 TransTeleCom
5.4.4 ER-Telecom
5.5 International networks
5.5.1 Satellite networks
5.6 Data centres
5.7 Cloud computing
6. Broadband market
6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
6.1.1 Market analysis
6.1.2 Regulatory developments
6.1.3 Broadband statistics
6.1.4 Forecasts broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
6.3.1 Rostelecom
6.3.2 MTS
6.3.3 VimpelCom
6.3.4 Other providers
6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
6.4.1 Golden Telecom
6.4.2 MTS
6.4.3 Other operators
6.5 Other fixed broadband services
6.5.1 Broadband powerline (BPL)
6.5.2 Fixed wireless broadband
6.5.3 Wi-Fi
6.5.4 WiMAX
6.5.5 Internet via satellite
7. Digital media
7.1 Overview
7.2 Videostreaming
7.3 Cable TV (CATV)
7.3.1 MTS
7.3.2 National Telecommunications Company (NTC)
7.3.3 Akado Group
7.3.4 TV Radio Company (TVT)
7.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
7.5 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
7.5.1 DTTV strategy
8. Digital economy
8.1 Overview
8.2 e-health
8.3 e-government
9. Mobile communications
9.1 Market analysis
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.2.1 General statistics
9.2.2 Mobile voice
9.2.3 Mobile data
9.2.4 Mobile broadband statistics
9.3 Regulatory issues
9.3.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.3.2 3G licences
9.3.3 800MHz spectrum
9.3.4 900MHz spectrum
9.3.5 1800MHz spectrum
9.3.6 2.6GHz spectrum
9.3.7 Calling Party Pays (CPP)
9.3.8 Roaming
9.3.9 Infrastructure sharing
9.4 Mobile infrastructure
9.4.1 Digital networks
9.4.2 Other infrastructure developments (these are examples only)
9.4.3 M2M networks
9.5 Major mobile operators
9.5.1 Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
9.5.2 VimpelCom (Beeline)
9.5.3 MegaFon
9.5.4 Tele2 Russia
9.5.5 SMARTS Group
9.5.6 Uralsvyazinform
9.5.7 Rostelecom
9.5.8 VolgaTelecom
9.5.9 Skylink
9.5.10 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
9.6 Mobile content and applications
9.6.1 Introduction
9.6.2 M-commerce
9.6.3 M-payments
9.6.4 Mobile TV
9.6.5 Mobile broadcasting (DVB-H)
Table 1 Country statistics Russia 2015 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2015 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2015 (e)
Table 4 Broadband subscriber statistics 2015 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2015 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom revenue (RUB) 2003 - 2016
Table 8 Telecom sector capital expenses 2009 - 2014
Table 9 Rostelecom (pre-merger) financial data 2008 - 2010
Table 10 Rostelecom (post-merger) financial data 2008 - 2015
Table 11 Rostelecom subscriber data 2008 - 2015
Table 12 VimpelCom group financial data 2007 - 2015
Table 13 VimpelCom group financial data (post-Italian unit sale) 2014 - 2015
Table 14 VimpelCom fixed-line financial data (Russia) 2007 - 2015
Table 15 VimpelCom subscribers by sector (Russia) 2008 - 2015
Table 16 ER-Telecom financial data (RUB) 2005 - 2011
Table 17 ER-Telecom financial data ($) 2010 - 2013
Table 18 ER Telecom subscribers 2007 - 2011
Table 19 MTS financial data (Russia, $) 2009 - 2013
Table 20 MTS financial data (Russia, RUB) 2011 - 2015
Table 21 MTS operational data 2007 - 2015
Table 22 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1998 - 2004
Table 23 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 - 2016
Table 24 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1999 - 2004
Table 25 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 - 2016
Table 26 Fixed broadband subscribers 2003 2016
Table 27 Fixed broadband penetration 2003 - 2016
Table 28 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
Table 29 ER-Telecom broadband subscribers 2010 - 2012
Table 30 Rostelecom fixed broadband subscribers 2008 2015
Table 31 Rostelecom annualised broadband ARPU 2008 2015
Table 32 MTS fixed broadband subscribers 2009 - 2015
Table 33 VimpelCom fixed broadband subscribers 2008 - 2015
Table 34 VimpelCom FttB subscribers 2010 2015
Table 35 VimpelCom FttB revenue 2010 2015
Table 36 Rostelecom FttX subscribers 2011 2015
Table 37 Rostelecom residential IPTV subscribers 2011 - 2015
Table 38 Rostelecom residential cable TV subscribers 2011 - 2015
Table 39 MTS pay TV subscribers 2009 - 2012
Table 40 Estimated total DTTV implementation cost 2010 - 2015
Table 41 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1995 - 2004
Table 42 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2016
Table 43 Mobile market share of subscribers (Russia) 2010 - 2015
Table 44 Mobile service revenue 2003 - 2016
Table 45 Mobile VAS as proportion of total mobile revenue 2002 - 2015
Table 46 Mobile VAS market share by operator 2007 - 2015
Table 47 Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2015
Table 48 LTE launch dates by operator
Table 49 MTS mobile financial data (Russia, $) 2004 - 2012
Table 50 MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) 2004 - 2015
Table 51 MTS Russia subscribers 2004 - 2015
Table 52 MTS Russia MOU, churn and annualised ARPU 2001 - 2015
Table 53 MTS Russia annualised VAS 2004 - 2015
Table 54 MTS Russia mobile data traffic by type 2014 - 2015
Table 55 MTS Russia mobile data use by device type 2014 - 2015
Table 56 VimpelCom mobile subscribers (Russia) 2005 - 2015
Table 57 VimpelCom ARPU and MOU (Russia) 2007 - 2015
Table 58 VimpelCom mobile financial data (Russia) 2007 - 2015
Table 59 MegaFon consolidated financial data 2007 - 2015
Table 60 MegaFon mobile revenue 2005 - 2015
Table 61 MegaFon mobile subscriber data 2008 - 2015
Table 62 Tele2 financial data (historic) 2007 - 2012
Table 63 Tele2 subscribers 2007 - 2015
Table 64 T2 RTK financial data 2014- - 2015
Table 65 SMARTS Group subscribers 2009 - 2015
Table 66 SMARTS Group financial data 2006 - 2013
Table 67 SMARTS mobile revenue by type 2010 - 2011
Table 68 Rostelecom mobile subscribers (historic) 2010 - 2014
Table 69 Rostelecom mobile revenue 2008 - 2014
Table 70 Rostelecom mobile ARPU 2011 - 2014
Table 71 VolgaTelecom mobile revenue 2007 - 2010
Table 72 VolgaTelecom mobile subscribers 2007 - 2010
Table 73 VolgaTelecom MOU and ARPU 2007 - 2010
Chart 1 Rostelecom financial data 2008 - 2015
Chart 2 Rostelecom subscriber data 2008 2015
Chart 3 VimpelCom group financial data 2007 - 2015
Chart 4 VimpelCom financial data 2007 - 2015
Chart 5 VimpelCom subscribers by sector (Russia) 2008 - 2015
Chart 6 MTS financial data (Russia, RUB) 2011 2015
Chart 7 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2002 - 2016
Chart 8 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 - 2016
Chart 9 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2002 - 2016
Chart 10 MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) 2004 - 2015
Chart 11 MegaFon financial data 2007 - 2015
Chart 12 SMARTS Group financial data 2006 2013

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