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Botswana - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

  • November 2016
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 42 pages

Botswana's BTC reports revenue loss soon after its IPO

In the telecom sector, effective regulatory reform has turned the country's telecom market into one of the most liberalised in the region. There is a service-neutral licensing regime which takes into account the increasing convergence of technologies and services.
Botswana has one of the highest mobile market penetration rates in Africa, approaching 170%. Popular use of multiple SIM cards from different operators has delayed the introduction of mobile number portability, with the telecom regulator not convinced of the facility's economic benefits at present. In a bid to generate new revenue streams and secure market share, the three mobile network operators (MNOs) Mascom Wireless (an affiliate of South Africa's MTN), Orange Botswana (backed by Orange Group) and beMobile (a subsidiary of the fixed-line incumbent BTC) have entered the underdeveloped broadband sector with different strategies including 3G mobile, LTE, WiMAX, and bundling with fixed-line (DSL) services. In this market they compete with a large number of ISPs, some of which have rolled out their own wireless access infrastructure.

After a period of stagnation, the number of internet users has risen strongly in recent years, largely the result of lower prices following improvements in international connectivity. Historically, the landlocked country has depended on satellites for its international bandwidth, and on other countries for transit capacity to landing points of international submarine fibre optic cable systems. The landing of additional cables in the region in 2011 and 2012 has improved the competitive situation in this sector, while prices for connectivity have fallen by up to 70%.
The much delayed privatisation of BTC has been facilitated by the transfer of network assets and the management of BTC's involvement in two key submarine cables to the newly create wholesale operator Botswana Fiber Networks (BoFiNet). BTC has been transformed into a retailer of services. An IPO was completed in April 2016. There was considerable interest in the 44% of the company made available, with 5% reserved for employees and 51% being retained by the state. Some 50,000 private investors now have a stake in the operator.

Key developments:

BTC shares trading on Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE); BoFiNet completes three fibre network expansion links costing BWP200 million; Botswana Power Corporation and Liquid Telecom develop Liquid Telecom Botswana as a new network provider; BTC to merge with beMobile; regulator introduces Unified Licensing Framework; BTC awards Amdocs a five-year managed services contract for BSS; BTL launches mobile VSAT product; MNOs in southern African countries trial reduced roaming rates; Orange Botswana and Mascom launch LTE services; Orange signs multi-year managed services contract with Ericsson; Universal Access and Service Fund providing Wi-Fi access in public spaces; report update includes telcos' data to Q3 2016, regulator's 2015 annual report and market data to Q1 2016, recent market developments.
Market penetration rates in Botswana's telecoms sector 2016 (e)
Penetration of telecoms services: | Penetration
Fixed-line telephony | 8.2%
Internet users | 21.4%
Mobile SIM (population) | 176%
(Source: BuddeComm)

Companies mentioned in this report:

Botswana Telecommunications Corporation (BTC); Mascom Wireless (MTN); Orange Botswana (Vista Cellular); beMobile; Botsnet; MTN Business; InfoBotswana (IBIS); Broadband Botswana Internet (BBI); OPQ Net; Mega Internet; Global Broadband Solution (GBS); Tsagae Communications; Virtual Business Network Services (VBN); Bytes Technology; Fourth Dimension; Hi-Performance Systems; Microteck Enterprises; Tharinet; Netspread; First National Bank.

Table Of Contents

Botswana - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Historical overview
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Botswana Communications Regulatory Authority (BOCRA)
5.3 Universal Service and Access Strategy
5.4 Unified Licensing Framework
5.5 Infrastructure sharing
5.6 Interconnection and tariffs
5.7 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.7.1 Regulatory reform 2006
5.7.2 Service-neutral licences since 2007
5.8 Privatisation
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Botswana Telecommunications Corporation (BTC)
6.1.1 Services
6.1.2 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
6.1.3 Public payphones
6.2 Liquid Telecom
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Next Generation Network (NGN)
7.2 International infrastructure
7.2.1 Submarine fibre
8. Fixed-line broadband market
8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
8.2 Market analysis
8.3 Public internet access facilities
8.4 Botswana Internet Exchange (BINX)
8.5 White space spectrum
8.6 Broadband statistics
8.7 Fixed-line broadband technologies
8.7.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
8.7.2 Other fixed broadband services
9. Digital economy
9.1 E-health, E-learning
10. Digital media
10.1 Communications: VoIP
10.2 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
11. Mobile market
11.1 Recent developments
11.2 Market analysis
11.3 Mobile statistics
11.4 Mobile data
11.5 Mobile broadband
11.6 Regulatory issues
11.6.1 Backbone infrastructure
11.6.2 Airtime tax
11.6.3 SIM card registration
11.6.4 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
11.6.5 Mobile Termination rates (MTRs)
11.6.6 Roaming
11.7 Mobile infrastructure
11.7.1 Digital networks
11.7.2 Other infrastructure developments
11.8 Major mobile operators
11.8.1 Mascom Wireless
11.8.2 Orange Botswana (formerly Vista Cellular)
11.8.3 beMobile (BTC)
11.9 Mobile content and applications
11.9.1 m-banking, m-money
12. Related reports


List of Tables

Table 1 Country statistics Botswana 2016 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2016 (e)
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2016
Table 4 Internet and social media user statistics 2016 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2016 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom aggregate financial data 2012 - 2013
Table 8 BOCRA surplus financial results 2009 - 2015
Table 9 BOCRA income 2012 - 2015
Table 10 Telecom licenses by category 2011 - 2015
Table 11 BTC financial results 2005 - 2016
Table 12 - Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Botswana - 2000-2009
Table 13 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Botswana 2010 - 2017
Table 14 International bandwidth 2003 - 2015
Table 15 Wholesale bandwidth pricing in Botswana by capacity 2011 - 2014
Table 16 - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Botswana - 2000-2009
Table 17 Internet users and penetration rate in Botswana 2010 - 2017
Table 18 Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2008 - 2017
Table 19 DSL broadband subscribers 2008 - 2016
Table 20 Fixed wireless broadband subscribers 2005 - 2015
Table 21 MNO financial data 2012 - 2013
Table 22 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1999 - 2009
Table 23 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2017
Table 24 Mobile market share of subscribers by operator 2010 - 2016
Table 25 Prepaid and contract market share of subscribers 2013 - 2016
Table 26 Mobile internet subscribers 2010 - 2017
Table 27 MTRs 2011 - 2014
Table 28 Mascom Botswana ARPU 2005 - 2016
Table 29 Mascom Botswana subscribers 2011 - 2016
Table 30 Orange Botswana subscribers 2007 - 2016
Table 31 Orange Botswana mobile revenue 2008 - 2014
Table 32 Be Mobile subscribers 2012 - 2016
Table 33 Mobile money users 2011 - 2015
Table 34 Value of mobile money transactions 2011 - 2014
Table 35 Mobile money transactions 2013 - 2014
Table 36 Mobile money users by operator 2015 - 2016


List of Charts

Chart 1 BTC financial results 2005 2016
Chart 2 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Botswana 2000 2017
Chart 3 Internet users and penetration rate in Botswana 2000 2017
Chart 4 Mobile subscribers in Botswana 2005 - 2017
Exhibit 1 Map of Botswana

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