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  5. > Waste Disposal Regulations for Drilling Mud & Cuttings Technology, Cost Trends, Environmental Impact and Regional Regulatory Bodies by Mud Type , by Region and Markets Analysis with Forecast

Growing environmental concerns and the increasing global energy demand lead to stricter government regulations
Initially, drilling activity in exploration and production (E&P) involved simple processes. Drilling waste management was not a prime concern, as the only additives in drilling mud were barite and bentonite. Shale shakers, desanders, and centrifuges were used to help reduce the solid loading in the drilling fluid system. These two additives have a low environmental impact. Most waste management practices involved onsite waste management through simple techniques such as storage in pits and burial.

Environmental protection has always played a role in E&P operations. During the 1970s, intense efforts were made across all industries to examine discharges for possible environmental hazards. These activities led to the formulation of environmental regulations. To ensure compliance with these regulations, a number of companies provide drilling waste management services. These services can be categorized on the basis of phase into solid control, containment & handling, and treatment & disposal.

Water-based mud is the least regulated and most widely adopted mud in the world
Water-based mud consists of water, salts, barite, bentonite, and other minor additives, with water being the primary fluid. The composition of the water-based mud is dependent on the density of the mud, and has an approximate make-up of 76% (weight) water, 15% barite, 7% bentonite, and 2% salts and other additives. Owing to this, this type of mud has the least amount of regulations associated with it. The use of other non-aqueous fluids, such as synthetic- and oil-based muds, entails compliance with strict disposal regulations; for instance, maximum discharge limit of 1% of oil on cutting (dry weight).

North America and Europe impose the most stringent discharge regulations in the world
With regard to regions, North America and Europe are frontrunners in terms of environmental protection; these regions enforce strict regimes to preserve human health and the environment. The main regulatory regimes in these regions are the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the OSPAR Convention, which formulate regulation policies for discharge in the region. Stringent environmental laws such as zero discharge policy in the offshore region and heavy penalties for violation of regulations have come into play in countries like China. Waste disposal regulations in other regions, such as Africa and the Middle East, are comparatively lenient.

Countries such as Norway and the U.K. enforce strict regulations for the discharge of oil-based cuttings into the sea. These follow the regulations of the OSPAR convention. According to the OSPAR 2000/3 decision, discharge is subject to a limit of 1% oil on cuttings.

Organizations Profiled:
Environment Canada (Canada), Fisheries and Ocean Canada (Canada), National Energy Board (Canada), Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.), United Kingdom Onshore Operators Group (UKOOG), National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority (Australia), Department of Mineral Fuels (Thailand), and others.

Reasons to buy the report:
This research report has focused on various levels of legislation levied across various countries, major technology used for waste minimization, recycling & reuse, and treatment & disposal, and key equipment and service provider and agency profiles, which together comprise and discuss the basic views on the competitive landscape, price comparison, and other factors.

The report will enable both, established firms as well as new entrants/smaller firms to gauge the pulse of the country, which in turn, will help the firms garner a better understanding of the regulatory framework.

Table Of Contents

Waste Disposal Regulations for Drilling Mud and Cuttings Technology, Cost Trends, Environmental Impact and Regional Regulatory Bodies by Mud Type , by Region and Markets Analysis with Forecast
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION 14
1.1 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 14
1.2 MARKET DEFINITION 14
1.3 STUDY SCOPE 14
1.3.1 SEGMENTS COVERED 15
1.3.2 STAKEHOLDERS 15
2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 16
2.1 INTRODUCTION 16
2.2 REGULATORY SCENARIO 16
2.2.1 BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES 17
2.2.2 COMPARATIVE REGULATORY SCENARIO 18
3 INDUSTRY and TECHNOLOGICAL OVERVIEW 22
3.1 INTRODUCTION 23
3.2 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT 23
3.3 DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT HIERARCHY 25
3.3.1 WASTE MINIMIZATION 25
3.3.2 REUSE OR RECYCLING 28
3.3.3 TREATMENT and DISPOSAL 29
3.3.4 VENDOR SELECTION MATRIX 30
3.4 DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT COSTS 31
3.4.1 DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT COSTS, BY TECHNOLOGY 32
3.4.1.1 Cuttings reinjection 32
3.4.1.2 Onsite burial/waste pits/landfill 32
3.4.1.3 Thermal treatment 32
3.4.1.4 Land farming/land spreading 32
3.4.1.5 Other bioremediation (composting/vermiculture) 33
3.4.2 DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT COST, BY REGION 33
3.4.3 DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT: KEY COMPANIES and SOLUTIONS OFFERED 34
4 DRILLING WASTE REGULATION, BY REGION 36
4.1 INTRODUCTION 37
4.2 NORTH AMERICA 38
4.2.1 NORTH AMERICA DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY 38

4.2.2 U.S. 39
4.2.2.1 Drilling waste industry regulation, by region 39
4.2.2.1.1.1 California: Discharge practices and standards 39
4.2.2.1.1.2 GOM: Discharge practices and standards 40
4.2.2.1.1.3 Louisiana: Discharge practices and standards 41
4.2.2.1.1.4 Texas: Discharge practices and standards 42
4.2.2.1.1.5 Rest of U.S.: Discharge practices and standards 42
4.2.2.1.2 Regulatory Bodies 43
4.2.2.2 Environment Protection Agency-U.S. 43
4.2.2.2.1 Overview 43
4.2.2.2.2 Organizational chart 43
4.2.2.2.3 Administrating activities 44
4.2.2.3 U.S. Department of the Interior 44
4.2.2.3.1 Overview 44
4.2.2.3.2 Administrating activities 45
4.2.2.4 U.S. department of commerce national Oceanic and atmospheric administration (noaa) 45
4.2.2.4.1 Overview 45
4.2.2.4.2 Organizational structure 45
4.2.2.4.3 Administrating activities 45
4.2.2.5 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services 46
4.2.2.5.1 Overview 46
4.2.2.5.2 Organizational structure 46
4.2.2.5.3 Administrating activities 46
4.2.3 CANADA 46
4.2.3.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 46
4.2.3.1.2 Regulatory Bodies 52
4.2.3.1.3 Environment Canada 52
4.2.3.1.3.1 Overview 52
4.2.3.1.3.2 Organizational chart 53
4.2.3.1.3.3 Administrating activities 55
4.2.3.1.3.4 Recent Announcements 56
4.2.3.1.4 Fisheries and Ocean Canada 56
4.2.3.1.4.1 Overview 56
4.2.3.1.4.2 Organizational chart 57
4.2.3.1.4.3 Administrating activities 58
4.2.3.1.5 National Energy Board 59
4.2.3.1.5.1 Overview 59
4.2.3.1.5.2 Organizational chart 59
4.2.3.1.5.3 Administrating activities 60

4.2.3.1.6 Canada-newfoundland and Labrador offshore Petroleum Board 60
4.2.3.1.6.1 Overview 60
4.2.3.1.6.2 Organizational chart 61
4.2.3.1.6.3 Administrating activities 61
4.2.3.1.7 Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Board 62
4.2.3.1.7.1 Overview 62
4.2.3.1.7.2 Organizational chart 63
4.2.3.1.7.3 Administrating activities 63
4.3 EUROPE 63
4.3.1 EUROPE: DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET, BY COUNTRY 64
4.3.2 RUSSIA 64
4.3.2.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 65
4.3.2.1.2 Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation 66
4.3.2.1.2.1 Overview 66
4.3.2.1.2.2 Organizational structure 66
4.3.2.1.2.3 Administrating activities 67
4.3.3 NORWAY 67
4.3.3.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 67
4.3.3.1.2 Norwegian Environment Agency 69
4.3.3.1.2.1 Overview 69
4.3.3.1.2.2 Organizational structure 69
4.3.3.1.2.3 Administrating activities 69
4.3.4 U.K. 70
4.3.4.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 70
4.3.4.2 Environment Agency-U.k. 71
4.3.4.2.1 Overview 71
4.3.4.2.2 Organizational structure 71
4.3.4.2.3 Administrating activities 71
4.4 ASIA-PACIFIC 72
4.4.1 ASIA-PACIFIC DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY 72
4.4.2 CHINA 73
4.4.2.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 73
4.4.2.2 Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's republic of China 75
4.4.2.2.1 Overview 75
4.4.2.2.2 Organizational structure 75
4.4.2.2.3 Administrating activities 75

4.4.3 THAILAND 75
4.4.3.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 75
4.4.3.2 Ministry of natural resources and environment- Thailand 76
4.4.3.2.1 Overview 76
4.4.3.2.2 Organizational structure 77
4.4.3.2.3 Administrating activities 77
4.4.4 AUSTRALIA 78
4.4.4.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 78
4.4.4.2 national offshore petroleum safety and ENVIRONMENTAL management authority 79
4.4.4.2.1 Overview 79
4.4.4.2.2 Organizational structure 79
4.4.4.2.3 Administrating activities 80
4.5 SOUTH AMERICA 80
4.5.1 SOUTH AMERICA DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY 80
4.5.2 VENEZUELA 81
4.5.2.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 81
4.5.3 ARGENTINA 82
4.5.3.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 82
4.5.4 BRAZIL 83
4.5.4.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 84
4.6 AFRICA 85
4.6.1 AFRICA DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY 85
4.6.2 EGYPT 86
4.6.2.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 86
4.6.2.2 Ministry of state for Environmental affairs 87
4.6.2.2.1 Overview 87
4.6.2.2.2 Organizational structure 88
4.6.2.2.3 Administrating activities 88
4.6.3 NIGERIA 88
4.6.3.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 89
4.6.3.2 National Environmental standards and Regulations enforcement Agency (nesrea)-Nigeria 90
4.6.3.2.1 Overview 90
4.6.3.2.2 Organizational chart 91
4.6.3.2.2.1 Administrating activities 91
4.6.3.2.3 Angola 93
4.6.3.2.4 Drilling waste industry regulation 93

4.6.3.3 Ministry of petroleum-Angola 94
4.6.3.3.1 Overview 94
4.6.3.3.2 Organizational structure 94
4.6.3.3.3 Administrating activities 95
4.7 MIDDLE EAST 95
4.7.1 MIDDLE EAST DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY 95
4.7.2 OMAN 96
4.7.2.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 96
4.7.2.2 Ministry of environment and climate affairs 97
4.7.2.2.1 Overview 97
4.7.2.2.2 Administrating activities 98
4.7.2.3 Ministry of oil and gas-Oman 98
4.7.2.3.1 Overview 98
4.7.2.3.2 Organization structure 98
4.7.2.3.3 Administrating activities 99
4.7.3 SAUDI ARABIA 99
4.7.3.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 99
4.7.3.2 Ministry of petroleum and mineral resources of Saudi Arabia 101
4.7.3.2.1 Overview 101
4.7.3.2.2 Organizational structure 101
4.7.3.2.3 Administrating activities 101
4.7.4 KUWAIT 102
4.7.4.1.1 Drilling waste industry regulation 102
4.7.4.2 Environment Public Authority-Kuwait 103
4.7.4.2.1 Overview 103
4.7.4.2.2 Organizational structure 104
4.7.4.2.3 Administrating activities 104


LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 1 CONSTITUENTS THAT IMPACT THE ENVIRONMENT, BY WASTE TYPE 23
TABLE 2 EXPOSURE TYPE 24
TABLE 3 ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION OF DRILLING MUD (MG/KG) 24
TABLE 4 WASTE MINIMIZATION TECHNOLOGIES 26
TABLE 5 DRILL CUTTINGS REUSE and RECYCLE MANAGEMENT OPTIONS 28
TABLE 6 DRILL CUTTINGS and DRILLING FLUID DISPOSAL TECHNOLOGIES 29
TABLE 7 COST DRIVERS FOR DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT 31
TABLE 8 APPROXIMATE COSTS OF DIFFERENT DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGIES 32
TABLE 9 DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT, REGIONAL COST VARIATIONS 33
TABLE 10 KEY COMPANIES IN THE DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET and THEIR SOLUTIONS PORTFOLIO 34
TABLE 11 NORTH AMERICA: DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 38
TABLE 12 CALIFORNIA: DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 39
TABLE 13 CALIFORNIA: DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 39
TABLE 14 CALIFORNIA: DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 40
TABLE 15 GOM: DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 40
TABLE 16 GOM: DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 40
TABLE 17 GOM: DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 41
TABLE 18 LOUISIANA: ONSHORE LAND SPREADING PRACTICES and STANDARDS 41
TABLE 19 TEXAS: ONSHORE LAND SPREADING PRACTICES and STANDARDS 42
TABLE 20 REST OF THE U.S.: DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 42
TABLE 21 REST OF THE U.S.: DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 42
TABLE 22 U.S.: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 42
TABLE 23 CANADA: DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 46
TABLE 24 CANADA: DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 47
TABLE 25 CANADA: DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 47
TABLE 26 CANADA: ONSHORE LAND-SPRAY DISPOSAL METHOD, DISCHARGE PRACTICES, and STANDARDS 48
TABLE 27 CANADA: ONSHORE LAND-SPRAY-WHILE-DRILLING DISPOSAL METHOD, DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS 48
TABLE 28 CANADA: ONSHORE DISPOSAL ONTO FORESTED PUBLIC LANDS METHOD, DISCHARGE PRACTICES, and STANDARDS 49
TABLE 29 CANADA: ONSHORE PUMP-OFF DISPOSAL METHOD, DISCHARGE PRACTICES, and STANDARDS 50
TABLE 30 CANADA: ONSHORE MIX-BURY-COVER DISPOSAL METHOD, DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS 51
TABLE 31 CANADA: LAND-SPREADING DISPOSAL METHOD, DISCHARGE PRACTICES, and STANDARDS 51
TABLE 32 CANADA: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 52
TABLE 33 EUROPE: DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY,
2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 64
TABLE 34 RUSSIA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 65
TABLE 35 RUSSIA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 65
TABLE 36 RUSSIA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 66
TABLE 37 RUSSIA: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 66
TABLE 38 NORWAY DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 67
TABLE 39 N0RWAY DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 68
TABLE 40 NORWAY DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 68
TABLE 41 NORWAY: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 68
TABLE 42 U.K. DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 70
TABLE 43 U.K. DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 70
TABLE 44 U.K. DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 70
TABLE 45 U.K.: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 71
TABLE 46 ASIA-PACIFIC: DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 72
TABLE 47 CHINA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 73
TABLE 48 CHINA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 74
TABLE 49 CHINA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 74
TABLE 50 CHINA: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 74
TABLE 51 THAILAND DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 76
TABLE 52 THAILAND DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 76
TABLE 53 THAILAND DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 76
TABLE 54 THAILAND: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 76
TABLE 55 AUSTRALIA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 78
TABLE 56 AUSTRALIA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 78
TABLE 57 AUSTRALIA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 79
TABLE 58 AUSTRALIA: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 79
TABLE 59 SOUTH AMERICA: DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 80
TABLE 60 VENEZUELA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 81
TABLE 61 VENEZUELA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 81
TABLE 62 VENEZUELA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 82
TABLE 63 VENEZUELA: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 82
TABLE 64 ARGENTINA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 82
TABLE 65 ARGENTINA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 83
TABLE 66 ARGENTINA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 83
TABLE 67 ARGENTINA: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 83
TABLE 68 BRAZIL DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 84
TABLE 69 BRAZIL DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 84
TABLE 70 BRAZIL DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 84
TABLE 71 BRAZIL: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 85
TABLE 72 AFRICA: DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 85
TABLE 73 EGYPT DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 86
TABLE 74 EGYPT DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 86
TABLE 75 EGYPT DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 87
TABLE 76 EGYPT: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 87
TABLE 77 NIGERIA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 89
TABLE 78 NIGERIA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 89
TABLE 79 NIGERIA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 89
TABLE 80 NIGERIA: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 90
TABLE 81 ANGOLA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 93
TABLE 82 ANGOLA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 93
TABLE 83 ANGOLA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 93
TABLE 84 ANGOLA: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 94
TABLE 85 MIDDLE EAST: DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION) 95
TABLE 86 OMAN DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 96
TABLE 87 OMAN DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 96
TABLE 88 OMAN DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 97
TABLE 89 OMAN: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 97
TABLE 90 SAUDI ARABIA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 99
TABLE 91 SAUDI ARABIA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 100
TABLE 92 SAUDI ARABIA DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 100
TABLE 93 SAUDI ARABIA: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 100
TABLE 94 KUWAIT DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR WATER-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 102
TABLE 95 KUWAIT DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR OIL-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 102
TABLE 96 KUWAIT DISCHARGE PRACTICES and STANDARDS FOR SYNTHETIC-BASED DRILLING MUD and CUTTINGS 103
TABLE 97 KUWAIT: ACTIVE PLAYERS AMONG DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDERS 103


LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE 1 COUNTRIES COVERED: DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT MARKET 15
FIGURE 2 NORTH AMERICA HAS THE MOST STRINGENT CRITERIA TO BE MET FOR DISCHARGE OF OIL-BASED CUTTINGS 17
FIGURE 3 OSPAR COUNTRIES HAVE HIGH GROWTH POTENTIAL FOR DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICES WITH LIMITED NORMS TO BE FOLLOWED FOR THE DISPOSAL OF WATER-BASED MUDS 18
FIGURE 4 NIGERIA and KUWAIT - APT LOCATION FOR OIL-BASED MANAGEMENT SERVICES MARKET PENETRATION 19
FIGURE 5 AUSTRALIA, NIGERIA, and BRAZIL: MEDIUM POTENTIAL MARKET WITH LIMITED RISK REGULATION LEVEL FOR DISPOSAL OF SYNTHETIC-BASED MUD SERVICES 20
FIGURE 6 TOP TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS IN EACH REGION 21
FIGURE 7 DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT HIERARCHY 25
FIGURE 8 VENDOR SELECTION MATRIX 30
FIGURE 9 NORTH AMERICA and EUROPE IMPOSE STRICTER REGULATIONS 37
FIGURE 10 ORGANIZATIONAL CHART 44

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