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This report focuses on the market for hydrogen purification in the petroleum refining industry. The base year for the report is 2014, and the market forecasts are provided for the period from 2015 to 2020.

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Highlights

The global Hydrogen purification market in the petroleum refining industry was nearly $7.1 billion 2014. The market is expected to reach nearly $9.9 billion by 2020 from nearly $7.5 billion in 2015, increasing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.7% from 2015 to 2020.
The North American market is expected to grow from nearly $1.9 billion in 2015 to $2.1 billion in 2020 at a CAGR of 3% for the period 2015-2020.
The Asia-Pacific market will grow from $2.1 billion in 2015 to $3.0 billion in 2020 at a CAGR of 7.4% for the period 2015-2020.

INTRODUCTION

Hydrogen is used extensively in the refining industry in the various processes within a refinery, and thus it is among the major costs for the refinery. Hydrogen is also a major component in the off gases generated from the refinery processes. Historically, these off gases were flared or used as energy sources by burning, but with tight refining margins and improvements in the technology for purification, these off gases are being purified to obtain hydrogen that can be reused in the processes. In this scenario, hydrogen purification and the technologies that combine hydrogen purification and compression to obtain purified hydrogen are gaining increased importance.
Hydrogen is a byproduct from the industrial processes of other industry segments,

including the metal, petrochemical and semiconductors. This report focuses exclusively on the hydrogen purification market in the refining industry. The refining industry is among the major consumers of hydrogen. The off gases with high presence of hydrogen from the various processes in the refinery represent major sources for
purification. In this scenario, the market for the providers of hydrogen purification equipment and technology to purify the off gases to obtain high-purity hydrogen is expected to continue to grow in the future.

SCOPE OF THE REPORT

This report focuses on the market for hydrogen purification in the petroleum refining ndustry. The market being considered is not for hydrogen production or supply (i.e., the electrolysis market, the merchant market). The market being considered is for hydrogen purification (recovery), as applicable to the refining industry to obtain
purified hydrogen from the various processes in a refinery that can be reused within the refinery or elsewhere.
The analysis includes data on the market size estimates for 2014 and market forecast to 2020, along with the growth trend.

The report also includes market size by region and technology. An overview of the hydrogen purification technologies, key market players in hydrogen purification, the factors driving or restraining the growth of the market, and the major refining plants are also discussed. Governmental regulations and their impact on the market, as well as the key patent activity on the technology, are also provided.

The base year for the report is 2014, and the market forecasts are provided for the period from 2015 to 2020. The global market has been segmented into four regions:

Asia-Pacific, Europe and the Middle East, North America and Rest of World. The Asia-Pacific region includes countries in South Asia, East Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, Australia and Oceania. The Europe and Middle East region includes all the countries in Europe and the Middle East, as well as the Russian Federation. The North America region includes the U.S., Canada and Mexico. The Rest of World region includes countries in Africa, as well as South and Central America.






Table Of Contents

Hydrogen Purification in Petroleum Refining: Global Markets
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
SCOPE OF THE REPORT 2
METHODOLOGY 3
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
INFORMATION SOURCES 3
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 3
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 4
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 4
DISCLAIMER 4
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 6
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 7
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 8
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 10
INDUSTRY DEFINITION 11
HYDROGEN NETWORK IN A REFINERY 11
FIGURE 1 REFINERY PROCESSES WITH HYDROGEN USAGE AND SUPPLY 12
HYDROGEN PURIFICATION IN OTHER INDUSTRY SEGMENTS 12
TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW 13
MACROECONOMIC OVERVIEW 13
CHAPTER 4 HYDROGEN PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW 16
TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW 16
PRESSURE SWING ADSORPTION 16
MEMBRANE-BASED SYSTEMS 16
CRYOGENIC AND OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 16
TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON 16
TABLE 1 HYDROGEN PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES AND REFINERY
REQUIREMENTS 17
CHAPTER 5 HYDROGEN PURIFICATION IN THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY,
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECAST 20
GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET IN THE PETROLEUM REFINING
INDUSTRY 20
TABLE 2 GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 21
GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN PURIFICATION IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION 21
TABLE 3 GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN PURIFICATION IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC
METERS PER YEAR)
21
HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY VOLUME 22
TABLE 4 GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS PER
YEAR)
22
GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY TECHNOLOGY 22
TABLE 5 GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 23
TABLE 6 ASIA-PACIFIC HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 23
TABLE 7 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN
THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS)
24
TABLE 8 NORTH AMERICA HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 24
TABLE 9 REST OF WORLD HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 24
GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE AND VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION 25
GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION 25
TABLE 10 ASIA-PACIFIC HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 26
TABLE 11 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN
THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 26
TABLE 12 REST OF WORLD HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 27
GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN PURIFICATION IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION 27
TABLE 13 ASIA-PACIFIC HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC
METER PER YEAR)
28
TABLE 14 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME
IN THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
28
TABLE 15 REST OF WORLD HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC
METERS PER YEAR)
29
GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION 29
TABLE 16 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC
METERS PER YEAR)
29
TABLE 17 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN
THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC
METERS PER YEAR)
29
TABLE 18 REST OF WORLD MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC
METERS PER YEAR)
30
GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE AND VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES 30
GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES 31
Asia-Pacific 31
TABLE 19 ASIA-PACIFIC HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 31
TABLE 20 EAST ASIA HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 32
TABLE 21 SOUTH ASIA HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 32
TABLE 22 SOUTHEAST ASIA HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 33
Europe and Middle East 33
TABLE 23 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN
THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS)
33
TABLE 24 EASTERN EUROPE HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 34
TABLE 25 MIDDLE EAST HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 34
TABLE 26 WESTERN EUROPE HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 35
North America 35
TABLE 27 NORTH AMERICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 35
Rest of World 36
TABLE 28 REST OF WORLD HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 36
TABLE 29 AFRICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 37
TABLE 30 CENTRAL AMERICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 37
TABLE 31 SOUTH AMERICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 37
GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN PURIFICATION IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES 38
Asia-Pacific 38
TABLE 32 ASIA-PACIFIC HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
38
TABLE 33 EAST ASIAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
38
TABLE 34 SOUTH ASIAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
39
TABLE 35 SOUTHEAST ASIAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
39
Europe and Middle East 40
TABLE 36 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME
IN THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020
(BILLION CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
40
TABLE 37 EASTERN EUROPEAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
40
TABLE 38 MIDDLE EASTERN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
41
TABLE 39 WESTERN EUROPEAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN
THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020
(BILLION CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
41
North America 41
TABLE 40 NORTH AMERICA HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
42
Rest of World 42
TABLE 41 REST OF WORLD HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
42
TABLE 42 AFRICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
43
TABLE 43 CENTRAL AMERICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
43
TABLE 44 SOUTH AMERICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
44
GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES 44
Asia-Pacific 44
TABLE 45 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
44
TABLE 46 EAST ASIAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
45
TABLE 47 SOUTH ASIAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
CUBIC METER PER YEAR)
45
TABLE 48 SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
45
Europe and Middle East 46
TABLE 49 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN
THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020
(BILLION CUBIC METER PER YEAR)
46
TABLE 50 EASTERN EUROPE MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
46
TABLE 51 MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
47
TABLE 52 WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
47
North America 47
TABLE 53 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
48
Rest of World 48
TABLE 54 REST OF WORLD MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
48
TABLE 55 AFRICAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS
PER YEAR)
49
TABLE 56 CENTRAL AMERICAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
49
TABLE 57 SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
49
METHODOLOGY 50
ASSUMPTIONS AND ESTIMATION MODEL 50
TABLE 58 AVERAGE HYDROGEN USAGE PER BARREL OF CRUDE OIL PROCESSED IN
A TYPICAL REFINERY, 2014 (STANDARD CUBIC FEET) 51
TABLE 59 AVERAGE HYDROGEN USAGE PER BARREL OF CRUDE OIL PROCESSED IN
A TYPICAL REFINERY FOR DIFFERENT PROCESSES, 2014 (STANDARD CUBIC FEET) 52
TABLE 60 AVERAGE OFF GAS PRODUCED PER BARREL OF CRUDE OIL PROCESSED
IN A TYPICAL REFINERY FROM DIFFERENT PROCESSES, 2014 (STANDARD CUBIC
FEET)
52
TABLE 61 AVERAGE OFF GAS THE TOTAL HYDROGEN USAGE IN A TYPICAL
REFINERY (%) 53
TABLE 62 HYDROGEN PURITY PERCENTAGE AND PRESSURE SPECIFICATIONS OF
THE DIFFERENT HYDROGEN SOURCES AND SINKS IN A REFINERY (%/MEGA
PASCALS)
53
TYPICAL REFINERY 54
FIGURE 2 HYDROGEN NETWORK IN A TYPICAL REFINERY 54
COST 55
CHAPTER 6 KEY MARKET FACTORS AND GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS 57
STRINGENT REGULATIONS TO LIMIT THE SULPHUR CONTENT IN REFINED
PRODUCTS 57
USE OF HEAVY CRUDE OIL, SHALE OIL AND OIL SANDS EXPLORATION EFFECT
ON THE HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET 57
EUROPEAN REFINING CAPACITY REDUCTIONS 58
LOW REFINERY MARGINS EFFECT ON THE DEMAND FOR HYDROGEN
PURIFICATION 58
GOVERNMENTAL SUPPORT AND REGULATIONS INFLUENCING THE MARKET 59
FUEL STANDARDS 60
TABLE 63 NATIONWIDE FUEL STANDARDS OF MAJOR CONSUMER COUNTRIES OF
REFINED PRODUCTS, 2015 (PARTS PER MILLION) 60
CHAPTER 7 PATENT ANALYSIS 62
TABLE 64 HYDROGEN PURIFICATION RELATED PATENTS, 2014 AND 2015 (NUMBER) 62
SAMPLE PATENTS 62
GAS SEPARATION MEMBRANES BASED ON PERFLUORINATED POLYMERS 62
METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REMOVING HYDROGEN SULFIDE FROM SOUR
OIL AND SOUR WATER 63
PROCESS AND DEVICE FOR THE PURIFICATION OF WASTE GASES 63
ENHANCEMENT OF FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS FOR HYDROCARBON
FUEL FORMULATION 64
INTEGRATED HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PROCESS 64
SEPARATION PROCESS USING A POLYIMIDE MEMBRANE 64
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION AND CARBON
DIOXIDE RECOVERY 65
PROCESS AND SYSTEM FOR EXTRACTION OF A FEEDSTOCK 65
GAS SEPARATION DEVICE 66
METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN COMBINED WITH CARBON
DIOXIDE CAPTURE 66
POLYIMIDE-CO-POLYBENZOXAZOLE COPOLYMER, PREPARATION METHOD
THEREOF, AND GAS SEPARATION MEMBRANE COMPRISING THE SAME 67
INCREASING SCALES, CAPACITIES, AND/OR EFFICIENCIES IN SWING
ADSORPTION PROCESSES WITH HYDROCARBON GAS FEEDS 67
SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INITIATING OPERATION OF PRESSURE
SWING ADSORPTION SYSTEMS AND HYDROGEN-PRODUCING FUEL
PROCESSING SYSTEMS INCORPORATING THE SAME
68
PROCESS FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN WITH COMPLETE CAPTURE OF CO2
AND RECYCLING UNCONVERTED METHANE 68
METHOD OF PURIFYING A HYDROGEN STREAM USING AN
ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL 69
METHANE STEAM REFORMING USING FIBROUS COMPOSITE CATALYTIC
STRUCTURES HAVING AT LEAST THREE SOLID PHASES 69
HYDROGEN GAS RECOVERY SYSTEM AND HYDROGEN GAS SEPARATION
AND RECOVERY METHOD 70
MULTILAYER SULFUR-RESISTANT COMPOSITE METAL MEMBRANES AND
METHODS OF MAKING AND REPAIRING THE SAME 70
GAS SEPARATION PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN BY
AUTOTHERMAL REFORMING OF NATURAL GAS, WITH CARBON DIOXIDE
RECOVERY
70
ELECTROCHEMICAL REMOVAL OF CONTAMINANTS FROM HYDROGEN 71
BLEND POLYMER GAS SEPARATION MEMBRANE 71
PROCESS OF SEPARATING GASES USING POLYIMIDE MEMBRANES 72
PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SYNGAS AND HYDROGEN STARTING
FROM REAGENTS COMPRISING LIQUID HYDROCARBONS, GASEOUS
HYDROCARBONS, AND/OR OXYGENATED COMPOUNDS, ALSO DERIVING
FROM BIOMASSES, BY MEANS OF A NON-INTEGRATED MEMBRANE
REACTOR
72
IMMOBILIZED FLUID MEMBRANES FOR GAS SEPARATION 73
DEHYDROGENATION PROCESS AND CATALYST 73
HIGH-PERMEANCE SULFUR-TOLERANT PD/CU ALLOY MEMBRANES 73
HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MEMBRANES, COMPONENTS AND FUEL
PROCESSING SYSTEMS CONTAINING THE SAME 74
STABLE CATALYST LAYERS FOR HYDROGEN PERMEABLE COMPOSITE
MEMBRANES 74
METHODS OF PURIFYING A HYDROGEN GAS STREAM CONTAINING
HYDROGEN SULFIDE IMPURITIES 75
PALLADIUM ALLOY MEMBRANE UNIT, STORAGE STRUCTURE THEREOF AND
METHOD OF PURIFYING HYDROGEN BY USING THE SAME 75
METHOD FOR PERMEATION EXTRACTION OF HYDROGEN FROM AN
ENCLOSED VOLUME 76
METHOD OF PROCESSING DISCHARGE GAS DISCHARGED FROM
PRODUCTION PROCESS OF GALLIUM NITRIDE COMPOUND
SEMICONDUCTOR
76
METHOD FOR PREPARING HYDROGEN SEPARATION MEMBRANE AND
DEVICE FOR PREPARING HYDROGEN SEPARATION MEMBRANE 77
ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE COMPRISING A PROTON-CONDUCTING
CERAMIC ELECTROLYTE 77
METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PRODUCING AND PROCESSING SYNGAS IN A
PRESSURE SWING ADSORPTION UNIT AND MAKING AMMONIA THEREFROM 78
HYDROGEN SEPARATION FOR HYDROCARBON REFORMING GAS 78
FLUORINATED ETHYLENE-PROPYLENE POLYMERIC MEMBRANES FOR GAS
SEPARATIONS 78
HIGH PERMEABILITY COPOLYIMIDE GAS SEPARATION MEMBRANES 79
POLYMERIC MEMBRANES 79
PALLADIUM-ALLOYED MEMBRANES AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING
THE SAME 80
GAS-SELECTIVE POLYMER DERIVED CERAMIC MEMBRANES, GAS
SEPARATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS 80
METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY ISOLATING HYDROGEN OR HELIUM USING A
NATROLITE-BASED ZEOLITE AND NOVEL NATROLITE-BASED ZEOLITE 80
HYDROGEN-SEPARATION-MEMBRANE PROTECTION LAYER AND A COATING
METHOD THEREFOR 81
HYDROGEN GENERATION ASSEMBLIES AND HYDROGEN PURIFICATION
DEVICES 81
METHODS OF PRODUCING AND PROVIDING PURIFIED GAS USING AN
ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL 82
HYDROGEN GAS SEPARATOR SYSTEM HAVING A MICRO-CHANNEL
CONSTRUCTION WITH A TUBULAR WIRE INSERT FOR RETAINING CATALYST
MATERIAL
82
HYDROGEN GENERATION PROCESS USING PARTIAL OXIDATION/STEAM
REFORMING 83
INTEGRATED HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PROCESS 83
METAL-ORGANIC MATERIALS (MOMS) FOR CO2 ADSORPTION AND
METHODS OF USING MOMS 83
SILICA-BASED HYDROGEN SEPARATION MATERIAL AND MANUFACTURING
METHOD THEREFORE, AS WELL AS HYDROGEN SEPARATION MODULE AND
HYDROGEN PRODUCTION APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME
84
HYDROCRACKING PROCESS WITH INTEGRAL INTERMEDIATE HYDROGEN
SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION 84
STAGED MEMBRANE PROCESS FOR HIGH PRESSURE HYDROGEN
PRODUCTION 85
ULTRATHIN, MOLECULAR-SIEVING GRAPHENE OXIDE MEMBRANES FOR
SEPARATIONS ALONG WITH THEIR METHODS OF FORMATION AND USE 85
ENHANCED HYDROGEN RECOVERY 85
METHODS OF PREPARING AN IMPURITY-DEPLETED HYDROGEN STREAM,
METHODS OF ANALYZING CONTENT OF AN IMPURITY-DEPLETED
HYDROGEN STREAM AND PRESSURE SWING ADSORPTION APPARATUSES
86
GRAPHENE MEMBRANE WITH REGULAR ANGSTROM-SCALE PORES 86
HYDROTREATING AND AROMATIC SATURATION PROCESS WITH INTEGRAL
INTERMEDIATE HYDROGEN SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION 87
UNSUPPORTED PALLADIUM ALLOY MEMBRANES AND METHODS OF
MAKING SAME 87
ACCELERATING TRANSPORT THROUGH GRAPHENE MEMBRANES 88
HYDROGEN PURIFICATION PROCESS 88
HYDROGEN PURIFICATION FOR MAKE-UP GAS IN HYDROPROCESSING
PROCESSES 88
HYDROGEN PURIFIER 89
HYDROGEN SEPARATION MEMBRANE MODULE AND HYDROGEN
SEPARATION METHOD USING SAME 89
GAS SEPARATION MEMBRANE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME,
AND METHOD FOR SEPARATING GAS MIXTURE, GAS SEPARATION
MEMBRANE MODULE AND GAS SEPARATION APPARATUS USING THE SAME
90
APPARATUS FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION USING OFF-GASES FROM GTL
PROCESSES 90
PROCESS FOR HEAVY OIL AND BITUMEN UPGRADING 91
HYDROGEN PRODUCTION WITH CARBON CAPTURE 91
METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUSLY PRODUCING CARBON NANOTUBES AND
HYDROGEN, AND DEVICE FOR SIMULTANEOUSLY PRODUCING CARBON
NANOTUBES AND HYDROGEN
92
PROCESS FOR IMPROVING THE HYDROGEN CONTENT OF A SYNTHESIS
GAS 92
HYDROGEN STORAGE, DISTRIBUTION, AND RECOVERY SYSTEM 92
PROCESS FOR SELECTIVE REMOVAL OF A PRODUCT FROM A GASEOUS
SYSTEM 93
MEMBRANE REACTOR AND PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF A
GASEOUS PRODUCT WITH SUCH REACTOR 93
METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROCARBON
PRODUCTS 94
PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN AND CARBON
MONOXIDE 94
HYDROGEN PRODUCTION USING OFF-GASES FROM GTL PROCESSES 95
PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN WITH
INTERMEDIATE-PRESSURE PURGING 95
PROCESS FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN 96
HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PROCESS WITH LOW CO2 EMISSIONS 96
SEPARATOR PLATES, ION PUMPS, AND HYDROGEN FUEL INFRASTRUCTURE
SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN 96
METHOD OF REUSING HYDROGEN 97
PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN WITH TOTAL RECOVERY
OF CO2 AND REDUCTION OF UNCONVERTED METHANE 97
POLYMER BLENDS AND CARBONIZED POLYMER BLENDS 98
HYDROPROCESSING OF BIOCOMPONENT FEEDSTOCKS WITH LOW PURITY
HYDROGEN-CONTAINING STREAMS 98
PROCESS FOR RECOVERING HYDROGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE FROM A
SYNGAS STREAM 98
SUPPORTED GAS SEPARATION MEMBRANE AND METHOD 99
HYDROGEN SEPARATION APPARATUS AND PROCESS FOR
MANUFACTURING THE SAME 99
METHOD OF PREPARING A PALLADIUM-SILVER ALLOY GAS SEPARATION
MEMBRANE SYSTEM 100
METHOD OF MAKING A COMPOSITE GAS SEPARATION MODULE 100
CHAPTER 8 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND KEY COMPANY PROFILES 102
NDUSTRY STRUCTURE 102
COMPANY PROFILES 102
HYDROGEN PURIFICATION-RELATED COMPANIES 102
Advanced Extraction Technologies Inc. 102
Air Liquide 103
Air Products 103
Ally Hi-Tech 104
CALORIC Anlagenbau GmbH 104
CBandI 105
Ceramatec 105
Chart Industries 106
Chemical Design, Inc. 106
Gulf Process Gases LLC 107
Haldor TopsoeA/S 107
Honeywell UOP 107
Hy9 108
HyET 108
Hysep/Energy Research Center of the Netherlands 109
Iwatani Group 109
Japan Pionics Co. Ltd. 110
Linde AG 110
Mahler AGS GmbH 111
Membrane Technology and Research Inc. 111
MVS Engineering Ltd. 112
SAES Pure Gas Inc. 112
Schmack Carbotech GmbH 112
Technip 113
Verde LLC 113
Xebec 114
Yangtze Energy Technologies Inc. 114
REFINING COMPANIES 115
BP Plc. 115
Chevron 115
ConocoPhillips 116
Eni S.p.A. 116
Exxon Mobil Corp. 116
Flint Hills Resources 117
Indian Oil Corp. Ltd. 117
Kuwait National Petroleum Company 117
Motiva Enterprises LLC 118
Petronas 118
Rosneft 118
Royal Dutch Shell plc 119
Saudi Aramco 119
Tesoro Corp. 119
Total S.A. 120
Valero Energy Corp. 120
CHAPTER 9 MAJOR REFINERIES: CURRENT AND UPCOMING 122
ASIA-PACIFIC 122
TABLE 65 ASIA-PACIFIC REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2015 (BARRELS
PER DAY) 123
EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST 127
TABLE 66 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES,
2015 (BARRELS PER DAY) 128
NORTH AMERICA 133
TABLE 67 NORTH AMERICA REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2015
(BARRELS PER DAY) 133
REST OF WORLD 137
TABLE 68 REST OF WORLD REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2015
(BARRELS PER DAY) 138
MAJOR 2016 GLOBAL REFINERIES 141
TABLE 69 MAJOR UPCOMING REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2016
(BARRELS PER DAY) 142
MAJOR 2017 GLOBAL REFINERIES 142
TABLE 70 MAJOR UPCOMING REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2017
(BARRELS PER DAY) 143
MAJOR 2018 GLOBAL REFINERIES 143
TABLE 71 MAJOR UPCOMING REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2018
(BARRELS PER DAY) 144
MAJOR GLOBAL 2019 REFINERIES 144
TABLE 72 MAJOR UPCOMING REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2019
(BARRELS PER DAY) 144
MAJOR 2020 GLOBAL REFINERIES 145
TABLE 73 MAJOR UPCOMING REFINERIES WITH THEIR REFINING CAPACITIES, 2020
(BARRELS PER DAY) 145
CHAPTER 10 APPENDIX: GLOSSARY AND ACRONYMS 147

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 7
TABLE 1 HYDROGEN PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES AND REFINERY REQUIREMENTS 17
TABLE 2 GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 21
TABLE 3 GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN PURIFICATION IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC
METERS PER YEAR)
21
TABLE 4 GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS PER YEAR) 22
TABLE 5 GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 23
TABLE 6 ASIA-PACIFIC HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 23
TABLE 7 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN
THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS)
24
TABLE 8 NORTH AMERICA HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 24
TABLE 9 REST OF WORLD HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 24
TABLE 10 ASIA-PACIFIC HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 26
TABLE 11 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN
THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 26
TABLE 12 REST OF WORLD HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 27
TABLE 13 ASIA-PACIFIC HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC
METER PER YEAR)
28
TABLE 14 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME
IN THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
28
TABLE 15 REST OF WORLD HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC
METERS PER YEAR)
29
TABLE 16 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC
METERS PER YEAR)
29
TABLE 17 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN
THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC
METERS PER YEAR)
29
TABLE 18 REST OF WORLD MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC
METERS PER YEAR)
30
TABLE 19 ASIA-PACIFIC HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 31
TABLE 20 EAST ASIA HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 32
TABLE 21 SOUTH ASIA HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 32
TABLE 22 SOUTHEAST ASIA HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 33
TABLE 23 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN
THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS)
33
TABLE 24 EASTERN EUROPE HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 34
TABLE 25 MIDDLE EAST HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 34
TABLE 26 WESTERN EUROPE HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 35
TABLE 27 NORTH AMERICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 35
TABLE 28 REST OF WORLD HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 36
TABLE 29 AFRICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 37
TABLE 30 CENTRAL AMERICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 37
TABLE 31 SOUTH AMERICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VALUE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 37
TABLE 32 ASIA-PACIFIC HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
38
TABLE 33 EAST ASIAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
38
TABLE 34 SOUTH ASIAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
39
TABLE 35 SOUTHEAST ASIAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
39
TABLE 36 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME
IN THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020
(BILLION CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
40
TABLE 37 EASTERN EUROPEAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
40
TABLE 38 MIDDLE EASTERN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
41
TABLE 39 WESTERN EUROPEAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
41
TABLE 40 NORTH AMERICA HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
42
TABLE 41 REST OF WORLD HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
42
TABLE 42 AFRICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS
PER YEAR)
43
TABLE 43 CENTRAL AMERICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
43
TABLE 44 SOUTH AMERICAN HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET VOLUME IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
44
TABLE 45 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
44
TABLE 46 EAST ASIAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS
PER YEAR)
45
TABLE 47 SOUTH ASIAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
CUBIC METER PER YEAR)
45
TABLE 48 SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
45
TABLE 49 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN
THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METER PER YEAR)
46
TABLE 50 EASTERN EUROPE MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
46
TABLE 51 MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
47
TABLE 52 WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
47
TABLE 53 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
48
TABLE 54 REST OF WORLD MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
48
TABLE 55 AFRICAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS
PER YEAR)
49
TABLE 56 CENTRAL AMERICAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
49
TABLE 57 SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET VOLUME FOR HYDROGEN USAGE IN THE
PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY BY KEY COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION
CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)
49
TABLE 58 AVERAGE HYDROGEN USAGE PER BARREL OF CRUDE OIL PROCESSED IN
A TYPICAL REFINERY, 2014 (STANDARD CUBIC FEET) 51
TABLE 59 AVERAGE HYDROGEN USAGE PER BARREL OF CRUDE OIL PROCESSED IN
A TYPICAL REFINERY FOR DIFFERENT PROCESSES, 2014 (STANDARD CUBIC FEET) 52
TABLE 60 AVERAGE OFF GAS PRODUCED PER BARREL OF CRUDE OIL PROCESSED IN
A TYPICAL REFINERY FROM DIFFERENT PROCESSES, 2014 (STANDARD CUBIC FEET) 52
TABLE 61 AVERAGE OFF GAS THE TOTAL HYDROGEN USAGE IN A TYPICAL REFINERY
(%) 53
TABLE 62 HYDROGEN PURITY PERCENTAGE AND PRESSURE SPECIFICATIONS OF THE
DIFFERENT HYDROGEN SOURCES AND SINKS IN A REFINERY (%/MEGA PASCALS) 53
TABLE 63 NATIONWIDE FUEL STANDARDS OF MAJOR CONSUMER COUNTRIES OF
REFINED PRODUCTS, 2015 (PARTS PER MILLION) 60
TABLE 64 HYDROGEN PURIFICATION RELATED PATENTS, 2014 AND 2015 (NUMBER) 62
TABLE 65 ASIA-PACIFIC REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2015 (BARRELS PER
DAY) 123
TABLE 66 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2015
(BARRELS PER DAY) 128
TABLE 67 NORTH AMERICA REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2015 (BARRELS
PER DAY) 133
TABLE 68 REST OF WORLD REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2015 (BARRELS
PER DAY) 138
TABLE 69 MAJOR UPCOMING REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2016
(BARRELS PER DAY) 142
TABLE 70 MAJOR UPCOMING REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2017
(BARRELS PER DAY) 143
TABLE 71 MAJOR UPCOMING REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2018
(BARRELS PER DAY) 144
TABLE 72 MAJOR UPCOMING REFINERIES AND REFINING CAPACITIES, 2019
(BARRELS PER DAY) 144
TABLE 73 MAJOR UPCOMING REFINERIES WITH THEIR REFINING CAPACITIES, 2020
(BARRELS PER DAY) 145

LIST OF FIGURES

SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MARKET IN THE PETROLEUM
REFINING INDUSTRY BY REGION, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 8
FIGURE 1 REFINERY PROCESSES WITH HYDROGEN USAGE AND SUPPLY 12
FIGURE 2 HYDROGEN NETWORK IN A TYPICAL REFINERY 54

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