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This BCC Research report studies the the current growth, potential future growth and the changes that are taking place in the MIM market. Since CIM is a related market, this industry is also covered in this report, with coverage expanded from the previous reports. Forecast provided through 2020.

Use this report to:

Understand the current growth, potential future growth and the changes that are taking place in the MIM market.
Learn about assessments of the current technology, new developments, and business
opportunities for powder injection molding (PIM) components.
Learn from company profiles of global players that participate in the ceramic and metal injection molding business.
Analyze U.S. patents related to the MIM industry.

Highlights

The global powder injection molding components (PIM) market reached $2.0 billion in 2014 and should reach $3.1 billion in 2020, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.6% over the next six years.
Asian sales for PIM reached $798 million in 2014 and should reach nearly $1.3 billion by 2020 at a CAGR of 7.9%.
North American sales for PIM reached $492 million in 2014 and should reach $790 million by 2020 at a CAGR of 8.2%.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

The global markets for metal injection molding (MIM) and ceramic injection molding (CIM) have exhibited spectacular growth over the last two decades. BCC Research has studied this market three times in the past: first in 2005, then in 2008, and most recently in 2014.

In 2004, the global market for MIM was reported to be $382 million, with expected growth to $571 million by 2009. In 2009, the market for MIM was reported to be $985 million, with expected growth to $1.9 billion by 2014. BCC Research then reported the global MIM market to be $1.5 billion in 2012 with expected growth to nearly $2.9 billion by 2018.

Currently, BCC Research is reporting the market at $2.0 billion in 2014, with projected growth to $3.1 billion by 2020.

The main objective of this report is to understand the current growth, potential future growth and the changes that are taking place in the MIM market. Since CIM is a related market, this industry is also covered in this report, with coverage expanded from the previous reports.

On the supply side, the report also takes a deeper look into numerous metal and alloy powder markets worldwide. Countries that are strong in the manufacture of various metal powders, as well as lists of exporters and importers, are provided where such data is available. The titanium powder market in particular is covered in detail, as the
aerospace market is growing strongly for this application segment.

On the application side, the report covers MIM manufacturers with detailed market analysis of various segments such as firearms, medical and dental products, and the watch industry. The 3C market is also discussed. Numerous lists of customers that import products in these market segments are provided, which should help MIM
manufacturers grow their market base in a targeted geographical manner.

The report also looks into the technical aspects of the industry, and discusses the technical trends, current challenges and breakthroughs, and potential future directions the industry will take. A chapter has been devoted to analysis of the U.S. patents related to the MIM industry. Here trends in various subcategories are discussed.
Companies that are at the forefront of MIM processes as well as application technologies are listed.


Table Of Contents

Metal and Ceramic Injection Molding, BCC Research
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
SCOPE OF REPORT 4
METHODOLOGIES AND INFORMATION SOURCES 4
ABOUT THE AUTHOR 5
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 5
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 5
DISCLAIMER 6
CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 8
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL SALES OF PIM COMPONENTS BY REGION, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS/%) 9
SUMMARY FIGURE A GLOBAL SALES OF PIM COMPONENTS BY REGION, 2014 AND
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 9
SUMMARY FIGURE B GLOBAL PERCENTAGE SHARE OF SALES OF PIM COMPONENTS,
2014 AND 2020 10
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW: METAL INJECTION MOLDING 13
FIGURE 1 COMPARISON OF MIM TO COMPETING PROCESSES AND TRENDS IN MIM
PROCESS EVOLUTION 14
COMPARISON OF MIM PROCESS TO PM PROCESS 15
TABLE 1 COMPARISON OF PRODUCT PROPERTIES FROM MIM PROCESS TO
COMPETING PROCESSES 15
DESIGN CAPABILITIES OF MIM PROCESS 15
MATERIAL CAPABILITIES OF MIM PROCESS 16
LIMITATIONS OF MIM PROCESS 16
DESIGN GUIDELINES 16
COMPLEXITY 16
PRECISION 16
WEIGHT AND SIZE 16
SECTION THICKNESS 17
PRODUCTION VOLUMES 17
MATERIALS 17
APPLICATION ASSISTANCE 17
SECONDARY OPERATIONS POSSIBLE 17
TABLE 2 MIM PROCESS: POTENTIAL PARAMETERS TO BE CONTROLLED AND
METHODS 18
FIGURE 2 MIM PROCESS OPTIMIZATION WITH PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE 19
MATERIALS 20
TABLE 3 CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS THAT CAN BE MOLDED USING MIM PROCESS
TECHNOLOGY 20
TABLE 4 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS THAT CAN BE ATTAINED USING
MIM PROCESS TECHNOLOGY 21
BINDER TECHNOLOGY AND DEBINDING PROCESS 22
FIGURE 3 NATURE OF AN IDEAL TGA CURVE FOR THE BINDER SYSTEM 24
TABLE 5 METAL BINDER SYSTEMS AND USAGE METHODS 25
TABLE 6 BINDER AND PROCESS DETAILS FOR MIM PRODUCTS USING INCONEL 718
ALLOY 25
TABLE 7 CERAMIC BINDER SYSTEMS AND USAGE METHODS 26
TABLE 8 MIM BINDER SYSTEMS AND DEBINDING METHODS 26
TABLE 9 COMPARISON OF BINDERS, DEBINDING METHODS AND DEBINDING
PROCESS TIMES 27
TABLE 10 SELECTED BINDER COMPOSITIONS FOR MIM AND CIM PROCESSING
FROM U.S. PATENTS 28
TABLE 11 COMPARISION OF VARIOUS COMMON PIM DEBINDING APPROACHES 29
SUPERCRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTION 30
SUBLIMATION FOR BINDER REMOVAL 30
TABLE 12 COMPARISON OF VARIOUS DEBINDING SYSTEMS AND THEIR IMPACT ON
FINAL PRODUCT AND PROCESS 31
MIM OF MAGNESIUM ALLOYS 31
PRODUCTION OF MAGNESIUM 31
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL MAGNESIUM USAGE TRENDS BY REGION 32
Alloys 32
TABLE 13 COMMON MAGNESIUM ALLOYS AND COMPOSITIONS 32
Crystal Structure and Effect on Toughness 33
AZ91D Alloy 33
New Alloys with 20% Elongation 33
TABLE 14 MAGNESIUM ALLOY PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS BY INDUSTRY 34
MAGNESIUM PRODUCTS AS A GROWTH MARKET 35
TABLE 15 COMPARISON OF INJECTION MOLDED AND DIE CAST MAGNESIUM ALLOY
PROPERTIES 35
TABLE 16 CORROSION RATES OF INJECTION MOLDED MAGNESIUM ARTICLES 35
ADVANTAGES OF THIXOMOLDING 37
TABLE 17 MAGNESIUM ALLOYS - ELEMENTS AND THEIR TENDENCIES FOR
SEGREGATION, OXIDATION AND EVAPORATION 37
NEW DEVELOPMENT TRENDS 37
TABLE 18 EFFECT OF PROCESS ON GRAIN SIZE OF SHEETS AND PLATES 38
THIXOMAT PATENTS 38
TABLE 19 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO THIXOMAT SINCE 1976 39
TABLE 20 LICENSEES OF THIXOMAT TECHNOLOGY 39
MIM OF TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOYS 40
TITANIUM ALLOYS IN THE AEROSPACE INDUSTRY 41
TITANIUM ALLOYS IN THE MEDICAL INDUSTRY 41
TABLE 21 EXAMPLES OF TITANIUM MEDICAL SPECIFICATIONS 41
TITANIUM PROPERTIES - MEDICAL 42
Advantages 42
Limitations 43
BINDER SYSTEMS FOR 316 STAINLESS STEELS 43
TABLE 22 BINDER DETAILS FOR MIM PRODUCTS USING 316L STAINLESS STEEL 43
BINDER SYSTEMS FOR TITANIUM ALLOYS 43
TABLE 23 TYPICAL BINDER SYSTEMS USED FOR TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOY
INJECTION MOLDING PROCESSES 44
TABLE 24 BINDER AND PROCESS DETAILS FOR MIM PRODUCTS USING TI-6AL-4V
ALLOY 44
TANTALUM POWDERS 45
SOFT MAGNETS 45
Medium Nickel Alloys 45
High Nickel Alloys 45
Novel Developments: Amorphous Metals 46
DEBINDING AND SINTERING 46
FIGURE 5 TYPICAL THERMAL DEBINDING AND SINTERING CYCLE FOR 17-4PH
ALLOY 46
TABLE 25 SINTERING CONDITIONS AND CHOICE OF SINTERING EQUIPMENT FOR
VARIOUS MIM MATERIALS 47
COSTS STACK UP IN THE MIM INDUSTRY 49
FIGURE 6 TOTAL PRODUCT COST IN MIM, BY MATERIAL AND PROCESS (%) 49
FIGURE 7 ERROR SOURCES FOR PIM PROCESSES (%) 50
GROWING MARKET FOR MICRO MIM 50
FIGURE 8 EVOLUTION OF MICRO-MIM TECHNOLOGY 51
TABLE 26 COMPARISON OF PARTICLE SIZE OF POWDERS AND MANUFACTURING
METHODS FOR VARIOUS APPLICATIONS (MICRONS) 52
LIST OF SUCCESSFUL APPLICATIONS 53
TABLE 27 COMPLEX MIM PARTS THAT HAVE WON INDUSTRY AWARDS INCLUDING
MANUFACTURERS AND END USERS, 1979-2015 53
CURRENT MARKET SCENARIO AND TRENDS 57
METALLIC FOAMS - A NEW MARKET 58
TABLE 28 BINDER AND PROCESS DETAILS FOR MIM OF METALLIC FOAMS USING
MICROSPHERES 58
CHAPTER 4 OVERVIEW: CERAMIC INJECTION MOLDING 61
INTRODUCTION TO THE CERAMIC INJECTION MOLDING PROCESS 61
LOW-PRESSURE INJECTION MOLDING 61
HIGH-PRESSURE INJECTION MOLDING 62
TABLE 29 COMPARISON OF LPIM AND HPIM PROCESSES 62
MATERIALS 62
TABLE 30 SELECTED CERAMIC COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS' CAPABILITIES, BY
APPLICATION 63
TABLE 31 SELECTED CERAMIC COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS' CAPABILITIES, BY
MATERIAL AND PROCESS 64
TABLE 32 MARKETS AND APPLICATIONS FOR CIM PRODUCTS AND TYPICAL
MATERIALS 66
TABLE 33 BINDER AND PROCESS DETAILS AND PRODUCT PROPERTIES OF ZIRCON
PIM PARTS 67
TABLE 34 COMPANIES THAT SUPPLY CIM EQUIPMENT 68
TABLE 35 COMPANIES THAT PROVIDE CERAMIC INJECTION MOLDED COMPONENTS 68
CHAPTER 5 THE SUPPLIER MARKET FOR THE METAL AND CERAMIC INJECTION
MOLDING INDUSTRY 71
FIGURE 9 MAJOR PIM SUPPLIER BASE BY MARKET (%) 71
FIGURE 10 MIM GLOBAL SALES BY MATERIAL (%) 71
TABLE 36 MAJOR GLOBAL METAL INJECTION MOLDING POWDER PRODUCERS 72
METAL AND ALLOY POWDER SUPPLIERS 74
METHODS OF MAKING POWDERS 75
FIGURE 11 MIM POWDER PRODUCTION METHOD (%) 76
FIGURE 12 DIFFERENT MELTING TECHNOLOGIES FOR METAL POWDER
PRODUCTION 77
FIGURE 13 COMPARISON OF METAL POWDER PARTICLE SIZES THAT CAN BE
EMPLOYED IN VARIOUS PROCESSES, INCLUDING MIM 77
IRON AND STEEL POWDERS 78
TABLE 37 GLOBAL EXPORTS OF IRON AND STEEL POWDERS BY COUNTRY,
2010-2014 (MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 38 SELECTED GLOBAL SUPPLIERS OF IRON AND STEEL POWDERS 79
Corrosion Prevention in Iron Powder MIM 80
FERRO ALLOYS 80
TABLE 39 GLOBAL EXPORTS OF ALLOY STEEL POWDERS BY COUNTRY, 2010-2014
(MILLIONS) 81
TABLE 40 SELECTED GLOBAL SUPPLIERS OF ALLOY STEEL POWDERS 82
FIGURE 14 PRICE COMPARISON OF VARIOUS STEEL POWDERS (PRICING RELATIVE
TO 17-4 PH) 82
ALUMINUM POWDERS 83
TABLE 41 GLOBAL EXPORTS OF ALUMINUM FLAKES AND POWDERS BY COUNTRY,
2010-2014 (MILLIONS) 84
TABLE 42 SELECTED GLOBAL SUPPLIERS OF ALUMINUM FLAKES AND POWDERS 85
BRASS POWDERS 86
COBALT POWDERS 86
TABLE 43 SELECTED GLOBAL SUPPLIERS OF COBALT FLAKES AND POWDERS 86
COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY POWDERS 87
TABLE 44 GLOBAL EXPORTS OF COPPER FLAKES AND POWDERS BY COUNTRY,
2010-2014 (MILLIONS) 87
TABLE 45 SELECTED GLOBAL SUPPLIERS OF COPPER FLAKES AND POWDERS 88
FIGURE 15 PRICE COMPARISON OF COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY POWDERS TO
STEEL (PRICING RELATIVE TO 17-4 PH) 90
NICKEL POWDERS 90
TABLE 46 GLOBAL EXPORTS OF NICKEL FLAKES AND POWDERS BY COUNTRY,
2010-2014 (MILLIONS) 91
TABLE 47 SELECTED GLOBAL SUPPLIERS OF NICKEL FLAKES AND POWDERS 91
TITANIUM AND ALLOY POWDERS 92
TABLE 48 TITANIUM POWDER MANUFACTURERS 93
TABLE 49 SELECTED GLOBAL SOURCES OF TITANIUM FLAKES AND POWDERS 94
TABLE 50 TITANIUM POWDER PROCESSORS 95
TUNGSTEN CARBIDES 96
METAL AND ALLOY POWDER SUPPLIERS IN JAPAN 96
TABLE 51 METAL POWDER MANUFACTURERS IN JAPAN 97
NEW TREND: AMORPHOUS METAL POWDERS AND ALLOYS 97
FIGURE 16 SPINNING WATER ATOMIZATION PROCESS DEVELOPED BY ATMIX 97
FIGURE 17 TECHNICAL LIMITS FOR PARTICLE SIZE BY ATOMIZATION METHODS 98
FEEDSTOCK SUPPLIERS 99
TABLE 52 MAJOR GLOBAL METAL INJECTION MOLDING FEEDSTOCK SUPPLIERS 99
MAGNESIUM 100
TABLE 53 GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF MAGNESIUM BY COUNTRY, 2010-2014
(THOUSANDS OF METRIC TONS) 100
BINDERS 101
MIXER EQUIPMENT FOR FEEDSTOCK 102
DESIGN SOFTWARE 102
TABLE 54 SOFTWARE USED FOR MIM INJECTION MODELING 102
EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS 103
INJECTION MOLDING MACHINES 103
TABLE 55 PROMINENT INJECTION MOLDING MACHINE MANUFACTURERS IN THE
MIM AND CIM INDUSTRY 104
MAGNESIUM INJECTION MOLDING MACHINES 105
WATER DEBINDING EQUIPMENT 105
TABLE 56 SELECTED SUPPLIERS FOR AQUEOUS DEBINDING UNITS 105
TABLE 57 SUPPLIERS OF CORROSION INHIBITORS USED IN AQUEOUS DEBINDING
UNITS 105
THERMAL DEBINDING AND SINTERING FURNACES 106
TABLE 58 SELECTED SUPPLIERS FOR SINTERING TECHNOLOGY 106
FIGURE 18 GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF FURNACE MANUFACTURERS BY REGION,
2015 (%) 107
TABLE 59 PROMINENT VACUUM FURNACE MANUFACTURERS FOR MIM AND CIM
INDUSTRIES 108
TABLE 60 GLOBAL FURNACE MANUFACTURERS, BY COUNTRY 109
TABLE 61 LAB EQUIPMENT USED BY MIM MANUFACTURERS 114
SETTERS 114
CRACK DETECTION 114
TABLE 62 SUPPLIERS OF TEST EQUIPMENT FOR CRACK AND VOID DETECTION IN
MIM PARTS 115
CHAPTER 6 ANALYSIS OF THE METAL AND CERAMIC INJECTION MOLDING
INDUSTRIES 117
TABLE 63 MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF GLOBAL PIM PARTS 117
FIGURE 19 DISTRIBUTION OF PIM MARKET BY REGION, 2014 (%) 118
MIM MARKET IN AUSTRALIA 119
MIM MARKET IN AUSTRIA 119
MIM MARKET IN BELGIUM 120
MIM MARKET IN BRAZIL 120
MIM MARKET IN CANADA 121
MIM AND CIM MARKET IN CHINA 121
TABLE 64 MIM COMPANIES IN CHINA AND THEIR MAJOR ACTIVITIES 122
TABLE 65 SELECTED CIM COMPANIES IN CHINA 123
MIM MARKET IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 124
MIM AND CIM MARKETS IN EUROPE 124
TABLE 66 SELECTED MIM AND CIM COMPANIES IN EUROPE 124
TABLE 67 SELECTED MIM AND CIM SUPPLIERS IN EUROPE 125
MIM MARKET IN FRANCE 125
MIM AND CIM MARKET IN GERMANY 125
MIM AND CIM MARKET IN HONG KONG 126
MIM MARKET IN HUNGARY 126
MIM MARKET IN INDIA 126
MIM MARKET IN ISRAEL 127
MIM AND CIM MARKET IN ITALY 127
MIM MARKET IN JAPAN 127
TABLE 68 MAJOR COMPANIES IN JAPAN'S MIM MARKET 128
FIGURE 20 MIM SALES IN JAPAN, 2009-2016 (BILLION YEN) 128
FIGURE 21 MIM SALES BY SEGMENT IN JAPAN, 2009-2014 (MILLION YEN) 129
FIGURE 22 MIM PRODUCTION BY MATERIAL IN JAPAN, 2009-2014 (MILLION YEN) 130
FIGURE 23 METAL POWDER SHIPMENTS FOR MIM IN JAPAN, 2009-2013 (METRIC
TONS) 131
MIM MARKET IN KOREA 132
TABLE 69 MIM COMPANIES IN KOREA AND THEIR MAJOR ACTIVITIES 132
MIM MARKET IN MALAYSIA 132
MIM AND CIM MARKET IN THE NETHERLANDS 133
MIM MARKET IN RUSSIA 133
MIM MARKET IN SINGAPORE 134
MIM MARKET IN SLOVAKIA 134
MIM MARKET IN SPAIN 135
MIM MARKET IN SWEDEN 135
MIM AND CIM MARKET IN SWITZERLAND 135
MIM MARKET IN TAIWAN 136
TABLE 70 MIM-RELATED COMPANIES IN TAIWAN AND THEIR MAJOR ACTIVITIES 136
MIM MARKET IN TURKEY 137
MIM AND CIM MARKET IN THE U.K. 137
MIM AND CIM MARKET IN THE UNITED STATES 138
TABLE 71 SELECTED CIM COMPANIES IN THE UNITED STATES 139
CHAPTER 7 APPLICATION MARKETS FOR THE METAL AND CERAMIC INJECTION
MOLDING INDUSTRY 142
GLOBAL FIREARMS INDUSTRY 142
TABLE 72 GLOBAL IMPORTS OF FIREARM COMPONENTS BY COUNTRY, THROUGH
2014 (THOUSANDS USD, %) 143
TABLE 73 SELECTED GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF FIREARM COMPONENTS 144
TABLE 74 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF BREECH BOLTS 146
TABLE 75 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF BREECHES FOR CANNONS AND HEAVY
WEAPONS 147
TABLE 76 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF MAGAZINES FOR FIREARMS 147
TABLE 77 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF PRECISION SPRINGS FOR FIREARMS 148
TABLE 78 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF CHOKES FOR SHOTGUNS 149
TABLE 79 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF STOCKS FOR FIREARMS 150
TABLE 80 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF HEAVY WEAPON COMPONENTS 151
TABLE 81 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF GEAR UNITS FOR MILITARY VEHICLES 151
TABLE 82 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF SILENCERS FOR FIREARMS 152
TABLE 83 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF VENTILATED RIBS FOR HUNTING RIFLES 152
TABLE 84 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF COMPONENTS, LOADING AND FIRING
MECHANISMS FOR HEAVY WEAPONS 153
TABLE 85 GLOBAL EXPORTS OF FIREARM COMPONENTS BY COUNTRY, 2014 AND
CAGR THROUGH 2014 ($ THOUSANDS USD, %) 153
U.S. FIREARMS INDUSTRY 154
FIREARM SUBSEGMENTS BY PRODUCT TYPE 155
FIGURE 24 FIREARM MANUFACTURING IN THE U.S. BY TYPE, 2009-2014 155
FIGURE 25 FIREARM EXPORTS FROM THE U.S. BY TYPE, 2009-2014 (THOUSAND
UNITS) 156
FIREARM MANUFACTURERS IN THE U.S. 157
TABLE 86 AVERAGE ANNUAL FIREARM PRODUCTION OF TOP 37 MANUFACTURERS
BY SEGMENT IN THE LAST 25 YEARS (NUMBER OF UNITS) 157
TABLE 87 TOP 20 MANUFACTURERS OF PISTOLS IN THE U.S. 158
TABLE 88 TOP 20 MANUFACTURERS OF REVOLVERS IN THE U.S. 159
TABLE 89 TOP 20 MANUFACTURERS OF RIFLES IN THE U.S. 159
TABLE 90 TOP 20 MANUFACTURERS OF SHOTGUNS IN THE U.S. 160
MEDICAL AND DENTAL INDUSTRY 160
ORTHOPEDIC PRODUCTS 161
TABLE 91 GLOBAL IMPORTS OF ORTHOPEDIC APPLIANCES BY COUNTRY, THROUGH
2014 ($ THOUSANDS USD, %) 162
TABLE 92 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF BONE SCREWS FOR ORTHOPEDIC APPLICATIONS 162
TABLE 93 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF BONE STAPLES AND PLATES FOR ORTHOPEDIC
APPLICATIONS 164
TABLE 94 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF PINS FOR ORTHOPEDIC APPLICATIONS 165
TABLE 95 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF SURGICAL STEEL PROSTHESES FOR
ORTHOPEDIC APPLICATIONS 167
TABLE 96 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF TITANIUM PROSTHESES FOR ORTHOPEDIC
APPLICATIONS 169
Market for Orthopedic Products for MIM 171
FIGURE 26 NUMBER OF JOINT REPLACEMENT SURGERIES IN THE U.S., 2008 -2018 171
TABLE 97 MIM MATERIALS AND USES IN MEDICAL IMPLANT APPLICATIONS BY TYPE 172
TABLE 98 MAJOR IMPLANT MANUFACTURING COMPANIES AND SEGMENTS 172
DENTAL PRODUCTS 172
TABLE 99 GLOBAL IMPORTS OF DENTAL FITTINGS BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2014
(THOUSANDS USD, %) 173
TABLE 100 SELECTED IMPORTERS OF BRACKETS FOR ORTHODONTIC
APPLICATIONS 174
TABLE 101 SELECTED IMPORTERS OF BRACES FOR ORTHODONTIC APPLICATIONS 175
TABLE 102 SELECTED IMPORTERS OF DENTAL IMPLANTS FOR ORTHODONTIC
APPLICATIONS 175
Dental and Orthodontic Market for MIM 178
Materials Used 178
Brackets and Buccal Tubes 179
Orthodontic Market in the U.S. 179
TABLE 103 COMPANIES IN THE U.S. ORTHODONTIC SUPPLIES INDUSTRY FOR MIM
PRODUCTS 180
Regulatory Aspects for Orthodontic Products 182
TABLE 104 FDA-REGISTERED SUPPLIERS FOR ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES AND
DEVICES 183
SURGICAL PRODUCTS 184
TABLE 105 GLOBAL IMPORTS OF SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS BY COUNTRY, THROUGH
2014 (THOUSANDS USD, %) 185
TABLE 106 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS 185
Trends Supporting Growth in the Medical Device Industry 187
Materials Used 187
TABLE 107 MEDICAL INSTRUMENTS MADE BY MIM TECHNOLOGY AND TYPES OF
MATERIAL USED 187
WATCH INDUSTRY 188
TABLE 108 GLOBAL IMPORTS OF WATCH CASES AND COMPONENTS BY COUNTRY,
THROUGH 2014 (THOUSANDS USD, %) 189
TABLE 109 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF CASES FOR WRIST WATCHES 190
TABLE 110 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF COMPONENTS FOR WATCH CASES 191
TABLE 111 GLOBAL IMPORTERS OF WATCH BRACELETS AND CASES MADE OF
PRECIOUS METALS 192
SWISS WATCH INDUSTRY 193
FIGURE 27 TOTAL EXPORT VALUE OF THE SWISS WATCH INDUSTRY, 2010-2015 ($
BILLIONS) 194
WATCH AND CLOCK MAKING INDUSTRY 195
TABLE 112 ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SWISS WATCH MAKERS 195
TABLE 113 ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF TOP SWISS CLOCK MAKERS 202
TABLE 114 TOP SWISS WATCH AND WATCH COMPONENT MAKERS WHO USE CIM
PRODUCTS 203
COMPUTER, CONSUMER ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS (3C) INDUSTRY
- ASIA'S STRENGTH 203
FIGURE 28 GLOBAL SALES OF MOBILE PERSONAL DEVICES, 2013-2016 (MILLIONS) 204
PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS 204
TABLE 115 GLOBAL METAL CASINGS SALES SHARE BY SEGMENT FOR MAJOR
SUPPLIERS, 2015 (%) 205
WEARABLE DEVICES - THE NEXT GROWTH MARKET 206
EMI AND MAGNETIC SHIELDING APPLICATIONS 206
TITANIUM ALLOYS AND AEROSPACE MARKET 207
NEW MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY WITH POTENTIAL FOR VALUE ADDED MIM
PRODUCTS - MAGNETOCALORIC MATERIALS 208
FIGURE 29 COMMERCIALIZATION STATUS OF MAGNETIC COOLING PRODUCTS 208
CHAPTER 8 PATENT ANALYSIS 211
METAL INJECTION MOLDING 211
FIGURE 30 NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED FOR MIM-RELATED TECHNOLOGIES
BY FIVE-YEAR PERIOD, 1976-2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 211
FIGURE 31 NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED FOR MIM-RELATED TECHNOLOGIES
SINCE 1976, BY MATERIAL 212
FIGURE 32 NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED FOR MIM-RELATED TECHNOLOGIES
SINCE 1976, BY APPLICATION 213
FIGURE 33 INVENTORS OF MIM PATENTS BY COUNTRY, 1976-2015 (%) 214
TABLE 116 U.S. PATENTS WITH THE CLAIM MENTIONING METAL INJECTION
MOLDING 215
FIGURE 34 NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED THAT CITED MIM IN THE CLAIMS BY
YEAR, 1983 TO NOVEMBER 2015 228
TABLE 117 PENDING U.S. PATENT APPLICATIONS SINCE 2011 WITH THE CLAIM
MENTIONING MIM 229
CHAPTER 9 COMPANY PROFILES 236
AB TECHNOLOGY (M) SDN. BHD. 236
PRODUCTS 236
TABLE 118 SPECIFIC PRODUCTS AND CUSTOMERS LIST FOR AB TECHNOLOGY 237
EXPORT HISTORY 237
TABLE 119 SPECIFIC PRODUCTS FROM AB TECHNOLOGY 237
ACUPOWDER INTERNATIONAL, LLC 238
PRODUCTS FOR MIM MARKET 238
TABLE 120 MIM INDUSTRY PRODUCTS FROM ACUPOWDER 239
ADVANCED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES PTE LTD. 239
MATERIAL CAPABILITIES 240
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 240
TABLE 121 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO ADVANCED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES 240
MARKETS AND PRODUCTS 240
Automotive 241
Electronics 241
Energy 241
Industrial 241
Medical 241
FINANCIALS 241
FIGURE 35 ADVANCED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES REVENUES, 2008-2015
(SINGAPORE DOLLARS, MILLIONS) 241
ADVANCED METALWORKING PRACTICES, LLC 242
ADVANCED POWDER PRODUCTS, INC. 243
PRODUCTS, MARKETS AND APPLICATIONS 243
TABLE 122 MATERIALS, ALLOYS AND APPLICATIONS OF MIM FOR ADVANCED
POWDER PRODUCTS, INC. 243
ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY and MATERIALS CO., LTD. 244
POWDER METALLURGY MATERIALS 244
ATOMIZED METAL POWDERS 244
TABLE 123 METAL POWDER PRODUCTION CAPABILITIES OF AT andM POWDER
METALLURGY DIVISION 245
METAL INJECTION MOLDING 245
PRODUCT APPLICATION AREAS 246
SELECTED CUSTOMERS 246
TABLE 124 SYSTEM AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS PROCESSED BY
AMT IN ITS MIM DIVISION 246
FINANCIALS 247
TABLE 125 FINANCIALS FOR ATandM, 2009-2014 (MILLION CNY) 247
ADVANTAGE METAL POWDERS, INC. 247
AFFINITY INTERNATIONAL LLC (USA) 248
AG MATERIALS INC. 248
PRODUCTS 249
Aluminum Nitride 249
Titanium Hydride 249
Sialon Powders 249
Other Products 250
EXPORTS 250
APandC ADVANCED POWDERS AND COATINGS INC. 250
PRODUCTS 251
FINANCIALS 252
AKRON PORCELAIN and PLASTICS CO. 252
CERAMIC INJECTION MOLDING 252
TABLE 126 CIM PRODUCTS FROM APandP AND PROPERTIES 253
ALCOA HOWMET 254
CERAMIC CORES 254
CERAMIC CRUCIBLES AND COMPONENTS 255
Products and Capabilities 255
CUSTOMERS OF HOWMET 255
ALD VACUUM TECHNOLOGIES AG 256
SINTERING FURNACES 257
Sintering Process 257
PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS 257
VIGA 257
EIGA 257
PIGA 257
VIGA-CC 258
ESR-CIG 258
VKPgr 258
ALLIANCE SA 258
PRODUCTS AND MARKETS 259
Aesthetic Parts 259
Technical Parts for Armaments, Machines and Connectors 259
Medical Parts 259
MATERIALS 259
COMPANY HISTORY 259
AMERICAN CHEMET CORP. 260
COMPANY HISTORY 260
COPPER POWDERS 261
AMERICAN ORTHODONTICS 261
PRODUCTS 261
AMETEK, INC. 262
AMPAL INC. 263
APPLIED SEPARATIONS 264
ARBURG GMBH + CO KG 264
PRODUCTS 265
FIGURE 36 ANNUAL REVENUES FOR ARBURG, 2011-2014 (MILLION EUROS) 265
ARC GROUP WORLDWIDE, INC. 266
ADVANCED FORMING TECHNOLOGY (AFT) 267
Products and Markets 267
TABLE 127 APPLICATIONS AND PRODUCTS FOR AFT'S MIM PRODUCTS 268
Acquisition by ARC 268
ADVANCED FORMING TECHNOLOGY HUNGARY 269
FLOMET 269
Patents 270
Markets and Applications 270
Healthcare 270
Other Industries 270
QMT Acquisition by ARC 271
TABLE 128 QMT FINANCIALS AT TIME OF REVERSE MERGER OF ARC BY QMT
(THOUSAND DOLLARS) 271
TABLE 129 QMT FINANCIALS, 2008-JANUARY 2012 ($ MILLIONS) 272
FIGURE 37 REVENUE FORECAST FOR FLOMET AT TIME OF ACQUISITION, 2012-2016
($ MILLIONS/%) 273
FIGURE 38 COST FORECAST FOR FLOMET AT TIME OF ACQUISITION, 2012-2016 ($
MILLIONS) 273
INJECTAMAX INTERNATIONAL 274
THIXOFORMING 274
FINANCIALS 275
TABLE 130 ARC SEGMENT FINANCIALS, 2012-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 275
ASHLAND INC. 275
ATC MATERIALS, INC. 276
ARMOR APPLICATIONS 277
THERMAL PROTECTION MATERIALS 277
HIGH TEMPERATURE DIELECTRICS 277
STRUCTURAL CERAMICS 277
PATENTS 277
ATECT CORP. 279
FINANCIALS 279
FIGURE 39 ANNUAL PIM REVENUES AT ATECT, 2010-2016 (MILLION YEN) 279
AUSTRALIAN METAL POWDERS SUPPLIES 280
AVL METAL POWDERS 281
AVS, INC. (ADVANCED VACUUM SYSTEMS) 281
MIM FURNACES - DESIGN AND CAPABILITIES 282
BASF AG 283
COMPANY INFORMATION 283
METAL AND CERAMIC POWDER PRODUCTS 283
TABLE 131 CARBONYL IRON POWDER GRADES FROM BASF 284
CATAMOLD DEBINDING TECHNOLOGY 285
APPLICATION MARKETS AND PRODUCTS 286
TABLE 132 CATAMOLD PRODUCTS FROM BASF BY CATEGORY 286
TABLE 133 RECOMMENDED SINTERING ATMOSPHERES FOR CATAMOLD PRODUCTS 286
FINANCIALS 287
TABLE 134 BASF CHEMICALS FINANCIALS AND SEGMENT REVENUE SHARES,
2010-2014 (EURO MILLIONS/%) 287
TABLE 135 BASF MONOMERS SUBSEGMENT REVENUES BY REGION, 2010-2014 (%) 288
TABLE 136 U.S. PATENTS ASSIGNED TO BASF IN PIM-RELATED TECHNOLOGY SINCE
1976 289
BECKETT MIM LTD. 290
APPLICATIONS 290
BLASCH PRECISION CERAMICS 291
MIM INDUSTRY SUPPLIES 291
CERAMIC PRODUCTS 291
BMI FOURS INDUSTRIELS 292
BRITT MANUFACTURING CO. (PART OF GREENE GROUP) 293
TABLE 137 PRODUCTS/APPLICATIONS AND CUSTOMERS OF GREENE GROUP 293
EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES 294
CANA-DATUM MOULDS 294
CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORP. 295
POWDER PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS 296
TABLE 138 POWDER METAL PRODUCTS FOR MIM INDUSTRY FROM CARPENTER 296
STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP WITH SANDVIK AND DISSOLUTION 297
POROUS MOLD TOOLING - NEW TECHNOLOGY 297
FINANCIALS 297
TABLE 139 CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CO. FINANCIALS, 2010-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 298
TABLE 140 CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CO. REVENUES BY MARKET, 2010-2015 ($
MILLIONS) 298
TABLE 141 CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CO. REVENUES BY MATERIAL TYPE,
2010-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 298
TABLE 142 U.S. PATENTS ASSIGNED TO CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY SINCE 1976 299
CATCHER TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD. 299
CUSTOMERS AND COMPETITORS 300
FINANCIALS 300
TABLE 143 MONTHLY REVENUES FOR CATCHER 2011-2015 (HUNDRED MILLION
NTDS) 300
CENTER FOR INNOVATIVE SINTERED PRODUCTS 301
CENTORR VACUUM INDUSTRIES 302
CERADYNE INC. (PART OF 3M) 302
APPLICATIONS 303
MATERIALS 303
ORTHODONTIC BRANDS AND PRODUCTS FROM 3M 303
CERAMCO INC. 304
CERAMET AUSTRALASIA 305
PATENTS 305
CERAMIC OXIDE FABRICATORS 306
CERAMTEC GMBH 306
COMPANY HISTORY 307
DIVISIONS 307
TABLE 144 MATERIALS AVAILABLE FROM CERAMTEC 308
TABLE 145 MATERIAL FAMILIES AND MATERIALS AVAILABLE FROM CERAMTEC FOR
MECHANICAL APPLICATIONS 308
PRODUCTS 309
Medical 309
Electronics 309
Cutting tools 309
Mechanical 309
Other 309
CUSTOMERS AND COMPETITION 309
FINANCIALS 309
TABLE 146 CERAMTEC FINANCIALS, 2012 AND 2013 (EURO MILLIONS) 309
CERBIDE INC. 310
TABLE 147 U.S. PATENTS ASSIGNED TO CERBIDE 310
CHUNG NAM WATCH CO., LTD. 310
CITIZEN WATCH CO. 311
TABLE 148 MATERIALS USED BY CITIZEN FOR INJECTION MOLDED COMPONENTS 312
TABLE 149 PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS OF CITIZEN POWDER INJECTION
MOLDING TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS 313
TABLE 150 U.S. PATENTS ASSIGNED TO CITIZEN RELATED TO POWDER INJECTION
MOLDING SINCE 1976 314
CLARIANT CORP. 314
CM FURNACES INC. 315
FURNACE PRODUCTS 315
CMG TECHNOLOGIES 316
FINANCIALS 317
TABLE 151 EGIDE CO. FINANCIALS BY SEGMENT, 2008-2012 (EURO MILLIONS) 317
CONTINUOUS METAL TECHNOLOGY, INC. 317
TABLE 152 MIM MATERIAL OFFERINGS FROM CMT 318
COOL POLYMERS, INC. 318
PATENTS 319
COORSTEK 320
ACQUISITIONS SINCE 2000 320
INJECTION MOLDED CERAMIC MATERIALS AT COORSTEK 321
PRODUCTS MADE BY INJECTION MOLDING, AND THEIR MARKETS 321
Medical 321
Specialty Metals 321
Fuel Cells 322
ESD-safe Ceramics 322
C5 MEDICAL WERKS 322
CORE-TECH, INC. 322
MATERIALS AND PROPERTIES OF INJECTION MOLDED CORE BODIES 323
CPS TECHNOLOGIES CORP 323
TECHNOLOGY 324
FINANCIALS 325
TABLE 153 CPS FINANCIALS, 2010-2014 ($ MILLIONS) 325
CREMER THERMOPROZESSANLAGEN GMBH 325
CYPRESS INDUSTRIES 326
DEAN GROUP INTERNATIONAL LTD. 326
DEMCON METAL INJECTION MOULDING 327
DORST TECHNOLOGIES 327
PRODUCTS 327
DOU YEE TECHNOLOGIES PTE LTD. 328
DR. BOY GMBH and CO. KG 328
DSH TECHNOLOGIES, LLC 329
DURON PLASTICS LTD. 330
DYNACAST INTERNATIONAL 330
NEW PROCESS TECHNOLOGY FOR MIM MOLDING 330
PROPRIETARY MULTI-SLIDE TECHNOLOGY 331
MIM FACILITIES IN DYNACAST 332
Indonesia 332
Singapore 332
United States 332
MATERIALS 333
APPLICATION EXAMPLES 333
TABLE 154 DYNACAST MIM CUSTOMERS BY CATEGORY 333
PATENTS 334
DYNACAST FINANCIALS 334
TABLE 155 DYNACAST FINANCIALS, 2008-2012 ($ MILLIONS) 335
DYNAMIC GROUP 335
EASEA INTERNATIONAL LTD. 336
ECKA GRANULES GERMANY GMBHY 336
PRODUCTS 337
ELEMENT 22 GMBH 337
MATERIALS 338
PRODUCTS 338
ELNIK SYSTEMS 339
PRODUCTS 339
GraphMIM Furnaces 339
Debinding Furnaces 340
Water Coolers and Nitrogen/Hydrogen Generators 340
EMBE PRODUCTS and SERVICE GMBH 340
EMIL BROLL GMBH and CO. 340
TEXTILE PRODUCTS 341
PATENTS 341
ENGEL AUSTRIA GMBH 342
EPSON ATMIX CORP. 343
METAL POWDERS AND MIM PARTS 343
FINANCIALS 344
PATENTS 345
TABLE 156 U.S. PATENTS ASSIGNED TO EPSON RELATED TO PM AND MIM
TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976 345
EUROTUNGSTENE METAL POWDERS 346
EVERSUN TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD. 346
FW WINTER INC. and CO. 346
FORMATEC TECHNICAL CERAMICS BV 347
CUSTOMERS 347
GEVORKYAN, S.R.O. 348
GKN PLC 348
GKN SINTER METALS GMBH (MIM) 348
HOEGANAES CORP. 350
TABLE 157 HOEGANAES POWDER PRODUCTS AND GRADES 350
MIM AT GKN 351
TABLE 158 GKN MIM PRODUCTS BY MARKET CATEGORY 351
TABLE 159 GKN - MIM MATERIALS AND APPLICATIONS 352
FINANCIALS 353
TABLE 160 GKN POWDER METALLURGY DIVISION FINANCIALS, 2010-2014 (GBP
MILLIONS/%/NO.) 353
TABLE 161 GKN POWDER METALLURGY DIVISION SALES BY SEGMENT AND REGION,
2010-2014 (GBP MILLIONS) 353
GLOBAL ADVANCED METALS PTY LTD. 354
GOCERAM AB 355
FEEDSTOCK MIXER 355
MPIM 356
DEBINDING FURNACES 356
SINTERING FURNACES 356
CARBON DIOXIDE EXTRACTORS 356
GREATBATCH MEDICAL 356
HARDEX 357
H.C. STARCK 357
METAL AND CERAMIC POWDERS 358
TABLE 162 U.S. PATENTS RELATED TO POWDERS AND INJECTION MOLDING
ASSIGNED TO H.C. STARCK SINCE 1976 359
FIGURE 40 ANNUAL REVENUES FOR H.C. STARK, 2011-2014 (MILLION EUROS) 361
HANSUH MIM TECH CO. LTD 362
HITACHI CHEMICAL CO. LTD. 363
SUBSIDIARIES AND AFFILIATES 363
HITACHI METALS, LTD. 364
COMPANY SEGMENTS AND PRODUCTS 364
High Grade Metals Company 364
High Grade Functional Components Company 364
Cable Materials Company 365
METGLAS 365
COBALT MIM PRODUCTS 365
TITANIUM MIM PRODUCTS 365
PATENTS 366
TABLE 163 U.S. PATENTS ASSIGNED TO HITACHI RELATED TO MIM SINCE 1976 366
HOCK SACHSEN GMBH 366
HOGANAS AB 367
POWDER GRADES 368
FINANCIALS 369
TABLE 164 HOGANAS COMPANY FINANCIALS, 2007-2012 (SEK MILLIONS/%) 369
TABLE 165 HOGANAS COMPANY SALES BY REGION, 2008-2011 (SEK MILLIONS) 370
TABLE 166 HOGANAS COMPANY SALES BY REPORTING SEGMENTS, 2008-2012 (BY
PERCENTAGE) 370
HUSKY INJECTION MOLDING SYSTEMS LTD. 370
INDO- MIM PVT LTD. 371
EQUIPMENT 371
TABLE 167 EQUIPMENT CAPABILITIES OF INDO-MIM 372
COMPANY HISTORY 372
COMPANY TIMELINE 372
MATERIALS 373
TABLE 168 MATERIAL CAPABILITIES OF INDO-MIM 373
INDUSTRIES SERVED AND PRODUCTS 374
Automotive 374
Medical 374
Consumer 374
Industrial 375
CUSTOMERS 375
TABLE 169 INDO-MIM CUSTOMERS BY CATEGORY 375
REVENUES 376
FIGURE 41 INDO-MIM REVENUE SHARE BY SEGMENT, 2013 (%) 376
INMATEC TECHNOLOGIES GMBH 377
TABLE 170 STANDARD FEEDSTOCK CHARACTERISTICS FROM INMATEC 378
INTRINSIQ MATERIALS INC. 378
FIGURE 42 SCHEMATIC OF PLASMA METHOD OF MANUFACTURING NANOPOWDERS 379
TABLE 171 MATERIAL CAPABILITIES FOR NANOPOWDERS FROM INTRINSIQ 380
FIGURE 43 EXAMPLE OF THE BENEFIT OF WORKING WITH NANOPOWDERS 380
ISCAR METALWORKING COS. (METAOR LTD. /MICROTOOLS LTD.) 380
MATERIALS HANDLED 381
ITB PRECISIETECHNIEK 381
JAPAN STEEL WORKS, LTD. 382
JSW PLASTICS MACHINERY, INC. 383
MG PRECISION 383
JIANGXI YUEAN SUPERFINE METAL CO., LTD. 383
PRODUCTS 384
JJ ORTHODONTICS PVT LTD. (AND MIM INDIA CO.) 384
KARTESIS INDUSTRIES 385
KIKUCHI SEISAKUSHO CO., LTD. 386
KLAGER SPRITZGUSS GMBH and CO. 386
COMPANY HISTORY 387
MATERIALS 388
TABLE 172 APPLICATIONS, MATERIALS AND PRODUCT EXAMPLES OF CIM PARTS
FROM KLAGER 388
TABLE 173 END MARKETS AND PRODUCTS FOR CIM PARTS FROM KLAGER 388
TABLE 174 METHODS OF JOINING CERAMIC COMPONENTS WITH OTHER MATERIALS 389
LAKE REGION MEDICAL 390
TABLE 175 MEDICAL DEVICES FROM LAKE REGION MEDICAL AND ITS TARGET
MARKET SEGMENTS 391
CUSTOMERS 391
METAL INJECTION MOLDING 392
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 392
TABLE 176 GLOBAL PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR LAKE REGION MEDICAL RELATED
TO MIM TECHNOLOGIES 393
LAPKEUNG 394
LEISTRITZ CORP. 394
LEISTRITZ ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES CORP 394
LIQUIDMETAL TECHNOLOGIES 395
FIGURE 44 COMPARISON OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF LIQUIDMETALS TO
OTHER MATERIALS 395
PRODUCT TECHNOLOGY 396
FIGURE 45 COMPARISON OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF LIQUIDMETALS TO
OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 396
PROCESS TECHNOLOGY 397
PATENTS 398
TABLE 177 U.S. PATENTS APPLIED AND AWARDED TO LIQUIDMETAL
TECHNOLOGIES 398
TABLE 178 U.S. PATENTS APPLIED AND AWARDED TO CRUCIBLE INTELLECTUAL
PROPERTY 398
LICENSING AGREEMENTS 399
Visser Precision Cast, LLC 399
Apple 400
Engel 400
Materion 400
Liquidmetal Golf 400
LLPG 400
Swatch 401
FINANCIALS 401
LOMI GMBH 401
LONZA INC. 402
LTC GMBH 402
PATENTS 403
TABLE 179 U.S. PATENTS ASSIGNED TO MAGNA RELATED TO MAGNESIUM
INJECTION MOLDING SINCE 1976 403
MATERIALS PROCESSING INC. 403

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