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Use this report to:
- Identify present and emerging technologies, suppliers, and market strategies in the building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) industry.
- Quantify the range of BIPV markets for various types of roofing, building facades, glazing, sunshading, skylighting and architectural fabrics that incorporate a solar-power production medium.
- Analyze the development and opportunities for BIPV products and their potential building component manufacturing partners.
- Gain insight into the national and international approaches that subsidize the continued expansion of the PV industry.


Highlights
- The global market for building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) technologies will grow from $2.4 billion in 2016 to $4.3 billion by 2021 with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.2% for the period of 2016-2021.
- The standing seam metal roofing market is the largest segment and will grow from $676.8 million in 2016 to $972.5 million by 2021, with a CAGR of 7.5%.
- The facades market is expected to increase from $690.5 million in 2016 to $754.2 million by 2021, with a CAGR of 1.8%.


BACKGROUND


RENEWABLE ENERGY
The world today relies heavily on fossil fuels (e.g., oil, coal and natural gas) as energy sources. Fossil fuels are non-renewable, that is, they are sourced from finite resources that will eventually be consumed until limited supplies remain, ultimately becoming too expensive or environmentally damaging to extract. In contrast, multiple forms of renewable energy resources, such as solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal, are regularly replenished and will never be exhausted.

The sun provides the majority of renewable energy, in both direct and indirect forms. Sunlight, or more accurately referred to as solar energy, can be directly used for lighting buildings, generating electricity, air and water heating, solar cooling, and a variety of commercial and industrial uses.
Since the world will ultimately deplete its current finite sources of energy or deplete them to the point where economic viability to recover the finite energy sources no longer exists, it remains important to seek renewable energy options and develop and perfect the respective technologies before issues arise yet again in the future.



BUILDING-INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAICS
Building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) are defined in this report as photovoltaic materials that replace conventional building materials in components of the building envelope, such as the roof, skylights or facades. They serve as a class of solar products in which the PV component both converts light to electricity and also replace a building component. Major building envelope components include: cladding (i.e., the “weather skin”), skylights, roof tiles, curtain walls, windows, asphalt roofing, and louvers, among others.

Progress is being made in the proliferation and integration of photovoltaics (PVs) into building external components. This market segment remains a vast arena largely untapped as a source of solar electricity. Gigawatt-scale solar power plants are being built in the desert areas of the world. Such installations will always face 11%-plus power losses along the transmission lines that deliver the energy to consumers. On buildings, the power losses are kept to a minimum, and are mostly involved in converting the DC current, the cells produce to the AC used in a building.
BIPV combined-function components have gained a sustaining minor expanding growing niche in the 30 gigawatt - (GW) plus annual world market for photovoltaics. BIPV has essentially limitless market potential because the world’s buildings account for more than 40% of all energy consumption, with lighting accounting for 35% of that demand. Moreover, all power generated can usually be consumed on-site. This BCC Research report examines the global BIPV industry and trends in the evolution of the various BIPV market application segments. These markets are characterized in terms of present and future (through 2021) generating capacity and dollar value of PV systems shipped for BIPV applications. This study focuses on the rates of expansion of sales of BIPV capacity in the various building niches, examines whether the continuing erosion of price for PV capacity mitigates higher capacity prices for BIPV products, and assesses the impacts of global locations on the economics of BIPV.

The expansion of BIPV markets is expected to continue because of the following ongoing factors:
- Energy usually consumed on-site.
- Little transmission loss.
- No additional land requirement.
- Use of an existing structure to get the PV material off the ground.
- Architectural design element.
- “Green” is built into the building.
- Modern, ecological statement by the building.
- Reduction in need for other building materials.
- PV material is protected, no fences needed.

These underlying facets that encourage markets for BIPV to exist and expand have opened several doors that spark imaginative new configurations of PV applications, including micro-perforated c-Si skylights that admit light (e.g., Onyx Solar), power-generating street furniture (e.g., Carmanah, Spotlight Solar) and colored window walls that emulate modern art such as the grid-based paintings of Piet Mondrian. Thorough discussions are presented to improve the understanding of why BIPV markets are changing as they are, and how the shifts in manufacturing capacity and ownership concentrations of the various PV technologies and production capacity will impact the proliferation of BIPV equipment, if that can be expected for any particular building component niche.


STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
The primary objective of this BCC Research report is to characterize and quantify significant global BIPV markets; the legislative, regulatory, political and economic forces driving those markets; identify present and emerging technologies, suppliers, and market strategies; and quantify the markets for BIPV technologies on global and regional levels.

This report furnishes a global guidebook for near - to mid-term development and opportunities for BIPV products and, by default, their potential building component manufacturing partners in those very financially substantial construction industry niches. The study was performed to locate, characterize, and quantify the range of BIPV markets for various types of roofing, building facades, glazing, sunshading, skylighting and architectural fabrics that incorporate a solar-power production medium. Not all PV products are suitable for every BIPV application. This report identifies and substantiates the reasoning for uses of particular PV technologies in specific BIPV market segments. The investigation covers crystalline (c-Si) and poly - and multi-crystalline silicon (mc-si), amorphous silicon (a-Si), cadmium telluride (CdTe), CIGS, organic dye-sensitized titanium oxide PV materials (dye solar cell: “DSSC”) and plastic (or organic) solar cells (OPV).

However, even innocuous power-generation technologies such as PV are not installed in a vacuum. This report provides insights into the national and international approaches that subsidize the continued expansion of the PV industry, as well as the legal and regulatory regimes that define requirements for the physical behavior and appearance of BIPV products, and shows how BIPV products must satisfy building component-related regulatory specifications in the various markets in which they will function.

Finally, the report assesses the extent to which strategic partnerships with building component manufacturers, contractors, developers and architectural firms underpin the ability of PV manufacturers to enter into the trillion-dollar building construction market. The report also analyzes the economics of such entry, as well as the impacts of the deep economic recession that has affected much of the world while 75% of global PV production now takes place in China and Taiwan.

The PV industry, however, is truly high-technology. The new wave of third-generation PV products will have capabilities that allow them to be used in ways previously not possible. This report shows that thin-film products will have several BIPV market segments to themselves and, as premium products, will also take some market share from c-Si and mc-Si. Light weight, flexibility, adequate operational efficiency and color options are proving to be strong new capabilities that will find markets when the product is right and there is enough of it.


RATIONALE FOR CONDUCTING THIS STUDY
The photovoltaics industry is making the transition from an expensive renewable technology to becoming a major factor in the world’s energy supply. Annual market value of installed product is now measured in the tens of billions of dollars (U.S.) , and the trend remains upward, despite an uneven global economy. Costs have been significantly reduced. Some companies have grown large enough to deliver multiple gigawatts of PV per year, but remained focused on the utility-scale market.

There remains a broad-based business in adding PV capacity to residential, commercial and institutional buildings. This latter, building-related application of PV technology, that is, “behind the meter,” is the highest-value application for PV, at least for grid-connected applications. Power is always produced at the peak of the day when prices are highest and delivery of power from distant sources would otherwise be needed.

BIPV could be anticipated to have a natural economic edge. Instead of building all external components of a building, and then adding PV capacity, the inclusion of generating capacity as part of building components would inevitably make the combination of the two lower-cost than the two added individually. However, this has not occurred yet, for various reasons, with the primary cause being the downturn in global building construction activity. Just as many new products are ready for entry into the substantially sized BIPV market niches, the construction market contracted mightily.

This has proven to be a temporary phenomenon. It occurred with greater severity in the developed world, and in 2010, a slow turnaround began in the U.S. and some EU countries, plus Latin America and Southeast Asia. China and India, on the other hand, have started on a course of building construction that will surpass all that has come before. It is an overdue manifestation of decades of redistribution of wealth, combined with a gnawing need for new energy infrastructure in regions where sufficient infrastructure has long been absent. Still, the global economies, particularly in the U.S. and Europe, are so large that even in the deepest part of the economic pullback, construction and renovation projects remained at levels that are the envy of most of the world.

All of this activity, whether publicly or privately funded, generates opportunities for new PV capacity to enter the market on a mass scale as part of the construction, rather than the energy, market.


INTENDED AUDIENCE
The report is intended particularly for manufacturers and distributors of PV technologies used in BIPV products, as well as the manufacturers and distributors of the products themselves. Although the report is structured around specific technologies, it is largely nontechnical in nature, concerned less with theory and jargon than with what works, product volumes the market is likely to purchase, and at what price.

This report’s primary audience consists of executive management, marketing and financial analysts, engineering firms, architects, building owners, energy service providers, entrepreneurs, individual investors and investment groups, venture capitalists and other readers with a need to understand where the market for BIPV is headed over the next five years.

Other audiences who should find the report informative include:
- Manufacturers l of all photovoltaic systems, including rigid and flexible modules, cells, encapsulants, crystalline and polycrystalline materials, and thin-films.
- Members of PV or BIPV technology-specific trade, professional and advocacy organizations.
- Officials of government agencies and multinational organizations responsible for optimizing PV efficiency and promoting the use of renewable energy technologies.
- Governmental and non-profit organizations/agencies focusing on energy initiatives.
- Environmental and public policy interest groups with an interest in sustainable development, the environment, energy, and worker health.
- Energy research and policy communities.
- Market research groups.
- Academic institutions.

Furthermore, this BCC Research report is of interest to PV production planning and marketing executives, balance of system component manufacturers and vendors, product planners and engineers, architectural firms, behind-the-meter project developers, financiers and investors, regulatory policy developers and enforcers, building component manufacturers, marketers and installers, balance of systems component suppliers, electrical and construction trade unions, educational institutions, real estate developers and owners, legislators, market analysts, utilities and construction industry professional associations. There is also material of interest to manufacturers of glass, membrane, tile and standing seam metal roofing materials, sunshade louvers, architectural fabrics, window frames, marble and metal building cladding, and roofing shingle and tile manufacturers.


INFORMATION SOURCES
The study employed both primary and secondary research methodologies to acquire
data and generate the rigorous analysis required for it. Primary sources for information included analysis of data from interviews with industry executives, subject matter experts, producers and users of BIPV technologies, advanced materials and devices vendors related to PV technologies, banking executives, venture capitalists, building owners, architects, engineers, managers, economists, consultants, marketing groups, governmental and non-governmental organizations, related technology associations, professional and manufacturing associations, academic research organizations, PV project installation company representatives, scientists working on new PV technologies, government officials (federal elected officials and local permitting and local planning board managers) and regulatory agencies.

Secondary sources for information included:
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
- International Energy Agency (IEA).
- U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
- U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
- U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
- U.S. Census Bureau.
- U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC).
- Canadian Office of Energy Efficiency (OEE).
- Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corp. (CMHC).
- United Nations (UN).
- European Union (EU).
- European Commission.
- European Community (EC).
- European Environment Agency (EEA).
- Chinese National Energy Commission (NEC).
- Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE).
- Japan Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE).
- Korean Energy Agency (KEA).
- Taiwanese Bureau of Energy.
- Australian Department of Industry, Innovation, and Science (DIIS).
- Brazilian Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME).
- Mexican Energy Ministry.
- Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation (Minenergo).
- South African Department of Energy.
- The Energy Star program.
- Trade publications.
- Trade associations.
- Industry associations.
- Company literature and websites.
- Company annual reports.
- S&P industry surveys.
- Online databases.
- BCC Research (related reports).

The report’s market and financial analysis was based on data obtained from primary and secondary sources. Interview data was combined with information gathered through an extensive review of secondary sources such as trade publications, trade associations, company-specific literature and reports, and online databases to produce the baseline market estimates contained in this report. The author’s own insights and rigorous use of numerical and statistical tools were employed to generate the forecasts and comprehensive analyses of the global BIPV technology market segmented by geographic region and application segment.


SCOPE OF THE REPORT
This report provides a detailed review of the global market for building-integrated photovoltaic technologies.

To help the audience fully understand the market opportunity for these technologies, the report is first geographically-segmented into the following regions, with multiple countries individually analyzed:
- North America.
- Europe.
- Asia-Pacific (APAC).
- Rest of the World (RoW).

The remainder of the study utilizes all gathered data to quantify the market for BIPV technologies by geographical region and market segment for the following BIPV application segments:
- Roofing shingles.
- Roofing tiles.
- Standing seam metal roofing (e.g., thin-film PV seam metal glue-down).
- Single-ply membrane roofing (e.g., thin-film PV TPO glue-down).
- Facades (also known as building cladding [i.e., the “weather skin”], this study includes “green” parking structures).
- Glazing (e.g., windows and curtain walls).
- Skylights.
- Architectural shading (e.g., sunshading, louvers, fabrics, etc.).

As a whole, this report identifies commercial and near-commercial BIPV technologies, the manufacturers, and partner building component product manufacturers. The present to mid-term markets for each type of BIPV application are characterized and quantified in terms of capacity (MW) for the installed product and revenue to the BIPV and/or PV manufacturers. Projections are made of the market value (or at least regional price) of the wholesale value of the BIPV and/or PV component of the installed products. The estimated values used are based on manufacturers’ total revenues.

Where the global market has grown sufficiently for a particular BIPV “niche,” country and regional breakdowns are provided by geographic region and country. Much of this depends on the type of building component used in a particular region or country, and whether a suitable BIPV product has been developed, tested in the field, certified for installation, and brought up to production levels that can satisfy market demand. The various BIPV niche markets are examined in terms of type of exterior building component class, PV technology offerings, geographic region, generating capacity and revenue to the manufacturer (i.e., market value). Additional characterizations are made of the market structures, quantities and relative strengths of adjunct product manufacturers, such as metal, composite, tile and TPO roofing companies, window glass and window manufacturers, and vendors, designers and installers of architectural fabrics, and building cladding (e.g., weather envelopes). Smaller market opportunities such as skylighting and sunshading are also investigated.

The market structure discussion includes consideration of the forces shaping the markets, and the successful strategies of the early entrants into the market. This report also investigates national and regional public financial incentive strategies and regulatory measures that help or hinder the development of each BIPV market segment. The way in which each type of PV technology fits (or does not) into a given BIPV niche is examined. The coverage extends to c-Si, mc-Si, a-Si, CdTe, DSSC and OPV products.


METHODOLOGY
The methodologies and assumptions used to develop the market projections in this report are discussed at length under the various technology types and geographical regions addressed. The report carefully documents data sources and assumptions so that readers can see how the market estimates were developed and, if they wish, test the impact on the final numbers of changing various assumptions, such as price or market penetration.

Market projections were developed for 2016 through 2021. These projections are based on a combination of a consensus among the primary contacts combined with BCC Research’s understanding of the key market drivers and their impact from a historical and analytical perspective.

In general, BCC Research used the following approaches:
- Identified PV technologies used l in (or the potential to be used in) BIPV application segments and their target markets through a literature review and interviews with primary sources and industry experts.
- Estimated a baseline (2015) market penetration ratio for each target market application segment within each geographical region based on key data gathered from the literature review, interviews with primary sources and industry experts, and other information sources discussed previously.
- Developed forecasts of growth trends in each target market segment.
- Analyzed technical, economic, governmental/legislative, and other factors that will influence the ability of different PV technologies and BIPV application segments to compete for a share of their respective building sector market(s), and estimated future new BIPV capacity of each technology on this basis.

Additionally, BIPV markets are examined in terms of building component markets and PV technologies as adapted to become part of a number of building component market segments. Global market values are assessed in terms of aggregates of market by geographic region, where appropriate. The market growth rates of individual BIPV segments are projected using statistical data from governments, trade journals, news items, corporate SEC filings, interviews with manufacturers and scientists, notes from field visits, scientific research reports, financial analysis, laws and regulations promulgated on every continent, and statements by public officials and building component manufacturers. Additional characterizations are made of the market structures, quantities and relative strengths of adjunct product manufacturers, such as metal, composite tile and membrane roofing companies, glazing manufacturers, vendors, designers and installers of architectural fabrics, building weather envelopes, skylights and sunshades.

Numerous contact points are provided by building component manufacturers and building project developers who would have an interest in including a premium product such as BIPV capability into their portfolio of options. Various rationales for their doing so are investigated.

Present levels of government support systems are considered in terms of their impacts on the overall market for PV capacity and potential for enhancing (or limiting) BIPV market expansion. The subtleties of the various government support policies and incentives that encourage or limit the growth of BIPV market niches are clarified. Political motivations for continuance or reductions in PV support levels are considered, noting the balance being negotiated between the PV industry as an employer of a growing number of personnel balanced against governments facing pressure to reduce their budgets because taxation pays for government, not for the tax-paying populace.

This report assumes that all grid-connected BIPV systems are fitted with BOS equipment that satisfies regulatory requirements.


ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
Erik Vickstrom is a management consultant with Acceleration Advisors, a Milwaukee, Wis.-based boutique management consulting firm. Erik has worked with both small engineering companies and Fortune 200 companies on the commercial verification of emerging technologies and on business model development and commercialization plans with technologies in the energy, materials, electronics, manufacturing, green-building, and environmental markets. Prior to his current role, Erik worked with large to small-sizecompanies, focusing on business development and strategy in various stages. Erik is the author of other related BCC Research reports, such as ENV007C The U.S. Market for Green Building Materials, EGY074B Energy Retrofits for Commercial and Public Buildings: Global Markets, and ENV035A Renewable Energy and Energy-Efficient Technologies in Building Applications. He has also authored other publications focusing on topics in 3-D scanning and the financial sector. Erik received his degrees (MBA, MA and BS) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he also conducted his postgraduate work and studies.

Table Of Contents

Building-Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV): Technologies and Global Markets
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION 2
BACKGROUND 2
RENEWABLE ENERGY 2
BUILDING-INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAICS 2
THE EVOLVING BIPV MARKETPLACES 4
ENTER PEROVSKITE 5
GO WHERE THEY ARE AND WHERE THEY CANNOT GO 6
SHIFT THE LOAD 7
STRATEGIES FOR BIPV SUCCESS 7
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 8
RATIONALE FOR CONDUCTING THIS STUDY 9
INTENDED AUDIENCE 10
INFORMATION SOURCES 11
SCOPE OF THE REPORT 12
METHODOLOGY 14
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 15
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 15
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 16
DISCLAIMER 16
CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 18
REPORT OVERVIEW 18
THE EMERGENCE OF BIPV AND NEW GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION 20
GLOBAL MARKET SUMMARY BY APPLICATION SEGMENT 21
OVERVIEW 21
MARKET FORECAST 21
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 22
Roofing Shingles 22
Roofing Tiles 22
Standing Seam Metal Roofing 22
Single-ply Membrane Roofing 22
Facades 23
Glazing 23
Skylights 23
Architectural Shading 23
GLOBAL MARKET SUMMARY BY REGION 23
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY REGION, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 23
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 26
GLOBAL ENERGY SOURCE AND CONSUMPTION TRENDS 26
TABLE 1 GLOBAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY FUEL TYPE, 2010-2040 (QUADRILLION BTUS) 26
DEFINITIONS 27
BUILDING-INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAICS 27
THE BUILDING ENVELOPE 27
ADVANCED MATERIALS AND DEVICES 27
IMPORTANCE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY 28
PHOTOVOLTAIC AND BIPV INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 29
OVERVIEW OF BIPV TECHNOLOGIES 33
SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS 33
BUILDING-INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAICS 33
Totus Cells Res Par (All Solar Cells Being Equal) 35
BIPV APPLICATION SEGMENT OVERVIEW 35
BIPV ROOFING 36
Roofing Shingles 37
Roofing Tiles 37
Standing Seam Metal Roofing 38
Shift Toward Commercializing Perovskite Products by DSSC/OPV Manufacturers 38
Single-Ply Membrane Roofing 39
BIPV BUILDING CLADDING 40
BIPV GLAZING 41
BIPV ARCHITECTURAL SHADING 42
GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV EQUIPMENT 43
TABLE 2 GLOBAL NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 (MW) 44
BIPV MARKET SEGMENTATION 45
BIPV APPLICATION SEGMENTS 46
SELECTING THE BEST PV TECHNOLOGY 48
TABLE 3 PV TECHNOLOGY, BIPV APPLICATION SUITABILITY AND READINESS (MW) 48
GLOBAL MARKET OPPORTUNITY FOR BIPV 49
BIPV MARKET STRUCTURE 51
OVERVIEW 51
BIPV ROOF TILES 51
x-Si Module-Based Tile Market Structure 52
Thin Film Solar Tile Market Structure 53
IMPORTANCE OF STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIPS IN BIPV MARKET STRUCTURE 53
CHAPTER 4 TECHNOLOGIES AND ADVANCED MATERIALS AND DEVICES FOR BIPV 56
SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS 56
BUILDING-INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAICS 56
TYPES OF PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES 58
SILICON WAFER-BASED PV CELLS 58
Single-Crystal Silicon PVs 58
TABLE 4 MANUFACTURERS OF C-SI PVS 59
Polycrystalline Silicon PVs 60
TABLE 5 MANUFACTURERS OF MC-SI PVS 60 Thin-Film PV Cells 61
Amorphous Silicon 62
TABLE 6 MANUFACTURERS OF AMORPHOUS SILICON PV DEVICES 63
Cadmium Telluride 63
TABLE 7 SUPPLIERS OF CADMIUM TELLURIDE THIN-FILM PVS 64
Copper Indium Gallium Diselenide 65
TABLE 8 MANUFACTURERS OF CIGS THIN-FILM PVS 65
Third-Generation PV Technologies 66
Multi-Junction Cells 66
TABLE 9 MANUFACTURERS OF MULTI-JUNCTION AND/OR CONCENTRATOR PVS 68
Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells 68
TABLE 10 COMPANIES MANUFACTURING OR DEVELOPING DSSC PVS 69
Quantum Dot PVs 69
Intermediate-Bandgap Solar cells 70
Infrared Solar Cells 70
Multilayered Silicon Quantum Dot Solar Cell 71
TABLE 11 COMPANIES DEVELOPING QUANTUM DOT PVS 71
Organic Solar Cells 71
Hybrid Organic-Metal PVs 72
Hybrid Organic-Organic PVs 72
TABLE 12 COMPANIES MANUFACTURING OR DEVELOPING POLYMER PVS 73
PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS 73
FIGURE 1 GRID-TIED VS. OFF-GRID PV APPLICATIONS, 2015 (%) 74
ADVANCED MATERIALS AND DEVICES FOR PHOTOVOLTAICS 75
PHOTOVOLTAIC MATERIALS 75
Crystalline Silicon 75
Production Processes 75
Polycrystalline Silicon 75
Monocrystalline Silicon 76
Producers 77
TABLE 13 PRODUCERS OF SILICON FOR RENEWABLE-ENERGY APPLICATIONS 77
Thin-film Materials 77
Silane 77
TABLE 14 MAJOR SILANE SUPPLIERS FOR PV MANUFACTURING 78
Cadmium Telluride 78
TABLE 15 MAJOR CADMIUM TELLURIDE SUPPLIERS FOR PV MANUFACTURING 78
CIGS 79
Nanomaterials 79
TiO2 Nanoparticles 79
P3HT/Cadmium Selenide 80
MEH-PPV/PbS Nanocomposite 80
Other Third-Generation PV Materials 80
PHOTOVOLTAIC INVERTERS 80
Types of PV Inverter 81
Technology Trends 81
Producers 82
TABLE 16 PRODUCERS OF PV INVERTERS 82
PV TECHNOLOGIES INTEGRATED INTO THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT 83
OVERVIEW 83
BIPV TECHNOLOGIES: CHALLENGES AND COMPATIBILITY 84
Crystalline and Polycrystalline Silicon 84
Amorphous Silicon 85
Cadmium Telluride 86
Copper Indium Gallium Diselenide 86
Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells 87
Plastic Solar Cells: Opportunity or Distraction 88
Organic Photovoltaics 88
CHAPTER 5 PATENT ANALYSIS 90
OVERVIEW 90
PATENT TRENDS 91
SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS 91
MATERIALS VS. DEVICES 91
TABLE 17 PATENT TRENDS RELATING TO ADVANCED PV MATERIALS VS. DEVICES, 2006-2016* (NUMBER/%) 91
FIGURE 2 PATENT TRENDS RELATING TO ADVANCED PV MATERIALS VS. DEVICES, 2006-2016* (%) 92
PV MATERIALS 92
TABLE 18 PATENT TRENDS RELATING TO ADVANCED PV MATERIALS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2006-2016* (NUMBER / %) 92
FIGURE 3 PATENT TRENDS RELATING TO ADVANCED PV MATERIALS, BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2006-2016* (%) 93
SAMPLE PATENT ABSTRACTS 93
Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell and Process of Manufacturing Same, Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Module and Process of Manufacturing Same 94
Abstract 94
Method for Manufacturing Large-Area Organic Solar Cells 94
Abstract 94
Electrochemical Method of Producing Copper Indium Gallium Diselenide (CIGS) Solar Cells 95
Abstract 95
Method and System for Monitoring Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon Thin Film, and Method of Manufacturing Thin Film Transistor by Using the Method and System 95
Abstract 95
Quantum Dot Solar Cells with Band Alignment Engineering 96
Abstract 96
High Efficiency Quantum Dot Sensitized Thin Film Solar Cell with Absorber Layer 96
Abstract 96
High Efficiency Cadmium Telluride Solar Cell and Method of Fabrication 97
Abstract 97
Insitu Epitaxial Deposition of Front and Back Junctions in Single Crystal Silicon Solar Cells 97
Abstract 97
Method for Producing Single Crystal Silicon Solar Cell and Single Crystal Silicon Solar Cell 98
Abstract 98
Method for Manufacturing a Poly-Crystal Silicon Photovoltaic Device Using Horizontal Metal Induced Crystallization 98
Abstract 98
CHAPTER 6 GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND SUPPORT 100
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT 100
GLOBAL COMMITMENTS TO ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES 100
GENERAL POLICY PROGRAMS AND SUPPORT 100
FEED-IN TARIFFS 101
RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS 101
PRODUCTION TAX CREDITS 102
OVERVIEW OF BIPV POLICIES, REGULATIONS AND INCENTIVE PROGRAMS 102
GENERAL 102
FITs vs. Rates Net Metering 103
Net Metering Pros and Cons 104
BIPV POLICIES, REGULATIONS AND INCENTIVE PROGRAMS IN NORTH AMERICA 105
UNITED STATES 105
ASHRAE 90.1 105
Local Regulatory Agencies 106
U.S. Energy Policy 106
CANADA 107
LEED IN NORTH AMERICA 107
LEED for Existing Buildings 108
Growth in LEED Registration 109
GREEN GLOBES IN NORTH AMERICA 110
Overview 110
TABLE 19 GREEN GLOBES POINT CATEGORIES 110
TABLE 20 GREEN GLOBES RATING SCALE 111
BIPV POLICIES, REGULATIONS AND INCENTIVE PROGRAMS IN EUROPE AND THE EU 111
MACRO ANALYSIS: EUROPEAN UNION 111
Renewable Energy 112
2020 Renewable Energy Targets 112
New Renewable Energy Targets for 2030 112
Progress Reports 112
The Zero Energy Building Mandate 113
Aktivhaus 114
Not Too Big is Good in the EU 114
CE Marking 115
Electricity Cost vs. Producer Price Index in Europe 115
TABLE 21 EUROPEAN NATIONS WITH MOST EXPENSIVE ELECTRICITY FOR INDUSTRIAL AND RESIDENTIAL ELECTRICITY USERS, 2015 ($/KWH) 116
MICRO ANALYSIS: INDIVIDUAL EUROPEAN COUNTRIES 117
Belgium 117
Czech Republic 117
Market Drivers 117
France 117
Germany 119
TABLE 22 GERMAN PV FEED-IN-TARIFF VALUES BY PEAK GENERATING CAPACITY, 2016 (Euro/KWH/$/KWH) 119
Italy 120
Spain 120
TABLE 23 SPANISH BIPV FEED-IN-TARIFF VALUES BY PEAK GENERATING CAPACITY, 2016 (Euro/KWH/$/KWH) 121
United Kingdom 121
BIPV POLICIES, REGULATIONS, AND INCENTIVE PROGRAMS IN ASIA-PACIFIC 122
CHINA 122
Chinese Supercompanies 123
Renewable Energy 123
INDIA 124
Renewable Energy 125
JAPAN 125
Renewable Energy 126
PHILIPPINES 126
SOUTH KOREA 126
Renewable Energy 127
TAIWAN 127
Renewable Energy 128
Energy Policy 128
Taiwan's New Energy Policy 128
Renewable Energy Development Act 129
Million Rooftop Photo Voltaic Program 129
Million Rooftop PVs Promotion Program 129
Rising Green Energy Industry Program 130
ASEAN COUNTRIES 130
Brunei 130
Indonesia 131
Malaysia 131
Singapore 131
BIPV POLICIES, REGULATIONS AND INCENTIVE PROGRAMS IN THE REST OF THE WORLD 132
AUSTRALIA 132
FITs in the Australian States 133
TABLE 24 AUSTRALIAN SOLAR FEED-IN-TARIFFS BY STATE, 2016 ($/KWH) 133
Renewable Energy 133
TABLE 25 AUSTRALIAN RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGET SCHEDULE, 2010-2030 (GWH) 134
BRAZIL 134
MIDDLE EAST 135
Bahrain 135
Kuwait 135
Oman 136
Qatar 136
Saudi Arabia 136
United Arab Emirates 137
BIPV-RELEVANT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS 137
INTERNATIONAL CERTIFICATION STANDARDS 137
2006 Uniform Solar Energy Code 137
ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-1999 138
IEC 61646 138
IEC 721-2-1 138
IEEE STD 1262-1995 139
IEC 61215 139
ISO9001 140
UL CERTIFICATIONS PERTINENT TO BIPV MATERIALS 140
UL 746
140 UL 790
140 ISO 773
140 UL 1703 140
EU-SPECIFIC CERTIFICATION STANDARDS 141
CE-Compliance 141
Application Class A and IEC/EN61730 141
BIPV INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS 141
TABLE 26 GLOBAL NEW PHOTOVOLTAIC AND BIPV CAPACITY, 2015 VS. 2021 (MW/%) 142
CUSTOMIZATION TO SUSTAIN BIPV GLAZING MARKETS 143
FORCES DRIVING BIPV CAPACITY BY REGION 144
Green Building Principles 144
North American BIPV Market Drivers 145
United States 145
U.S. Federal Incentives for BIPV 145
State Support Environments for BIPV 146
TABLE 27 SAMPLE OF U.S. SOLAR MANDATES IN RENEWABLE ENERGY PORTFOLIO STANDARDS, BY STATE 147
State Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Programs 148
TABLE 28 SAMPLE OF U.S. PACE PROGRAMS, BY STATE 148
Canada 150
EU BIPV Market Drivers 150
Asia-Pacific BIPV Market Drivers 151
China 151
Japan 152
South Korea 154
Taiwan 154
ROW BIPV Market Drivers 155
Latin America and the Caribbean 155
TABLE 29 SAMPLE OF SOLAR FEED-IN TARIFFS IN LATIN AMERICA ($/KWH) 156
CHAPTER 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES 158
SUMMARY 158
FORECASTING METRICS USED IN THIS REPORT 158
TABLE 30 POWER DENSITY AND PRICE CONVENTIONS FOR PV TECHNOLOGIES 159
BIPV ROOFING APPLICATION SEGMENT CONVENTIONS USED IN MARKET FORECASTS 160
TABLE 31 POWER DENSITY AND PRICE CONVENTIONS FOR BIPV ROOFING APPLICATION SEGMENTS 160
GLOBAL MARKET 160
SUMMARY 160
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 160
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 161
GLOBAL MARKET SUMMARY BY REGION 161
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY REGION, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 162
FIGURE 6 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES BY REGION, 2015 VS. 2021 (PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL SALES) 162
GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST BY APPLICATION SEGMENT 164
Summary 164
TABLE 33 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 164
FIGURE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 165
Roofing Shingles 165
Roofing Tiles 165
Standing Seam Metal Roofing 165
Single-ply Membrane Roofing 166
Facades 166
Glazing 166
Skylights 166
Architectural Shading 166
North America 166
TABLE 34 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 167
FIGURE 8 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 167
Europe 168
TABLE 35 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 168
FIGURE 9 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 168
Asia-Pacific 169
TABLE 36 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 169
FIGURE 10 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 169
Rest of the World 170
TABLE 37 ROW MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 170
FIGURE 11 ROW MARKET FOR BIPV TECHNOLOGIES BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 170
GLOBAL MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS BY APPLICATION SEGMENT 171
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2015 VS. 2021 (PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL SALES) 171
GLOBAL NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY REGION 172
TABLE 38 GLOBAL NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MW) 172
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY REGION, 2015-2021 (MW) 172
GLOBAL NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY APPLICATION SEGMENT 173
Summary 173
TABLE 39 GLOBAL NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 (MW) 173
FIGURE 14 GLOBAL NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2015-2021 (MW) 173
North America 174
TABLE 40 NORTH AMERICAN NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 (MW) 174
FIGURE 15 NORTH AMERICAN NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2015-2021 (MW) 175
Europe 175
TABLE 41 EUROPEAN NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 (MW) 175
FIGURE 16 EUROPEAN NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 20150-2021 (MW) 175
Asia-Pacific 176
TABLE 42 ASIA-PACIFIC NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 (MW) 176
FIGURE 17 ASIA-PACIFIC NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2015-2021 (MW) 177
Rest of the World 177
TABLE 43 ROW NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 (MW) 177
FIGURE 18 ROW NEW BIPV CAPACITY BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2015-2021 (MW) 178
BIPV ROOFING 178
OVERVIEW 178
GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST FOR BIPV ROOFING 179
Summary 179
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 179
FIGURE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING BY REGION, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 179
TABLE 45 GLOBAL MARKET AND ANNUAL NEW CAPACITY FOR BIPV ROOFING BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 (MW AND $ MILLIONS) 180
BIPV ROOFING SHINGLES 181
Global Market for BIPV Roofing Shingles 181
Summary 181
TABLE 46 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING SHINGLES BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 182
FIGURE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING SHINGLES BY REGION, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 182
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 183
TABLE 47 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING SHINGLES BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 183
Market Forecast by PV Technology 184
North American Market for BIPV Roofing Shingles 184
Summary 184
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 184
TABLE 48 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING SHINGLES BY REVENUE AND CAPACITY, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 185
United States 185
BIPV Roofing Shingles Replacement Market Bigger than New Market 186
Market Trends 186
The Management Questions for Building a Solar Shingle Market 187
Market Forecast by PV Technology 187
Canada 188
Market Trends 188
Market Forecast by PV Technology 189
European Market for BIPV Roofing Shingles 189
Summary 189
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 189
TABLE 49 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING SHINGLES BY REVENUE AND CAPACITY, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 190
Asia-Pacific Market for BIPV Roofing Shingles 190
Summary 190
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 190
TABLE 50 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING SHINGLES BY REVENUE AND CAPACITY, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 191
RoW Market for BIPV Roofing Shingles 191
Summary 191
TABLE 51 ROW MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING SHINGLES BY REVENUE AND CAPACITY, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 192
Australia 192
Market Trends 193
Other ROW 193
Market Trends 194
Market Forecast by PV Technology 195
BIPV ROOFING TILES 195
Global Market for BIPV Roofing Tiles 197
Summary 197
TABLE 52 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING TILES BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 197
FIGURE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING TILES BY REGION, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 197
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 198
TABLE 53 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING TILES BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 199
Market Forecast by PV Technology 199
North American Market for BIPV Roofing Tiles 200
Summary 200
TABLE 54 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING TILES BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 200
United States 200
Market Trends 201
Market Forecast by PV Technology 201
European Market for BIPV Roofing Tiles 202
Summary 202
Market Trends 203
TABLE 55 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING TILES BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 204
Market Forecast by PV Technology 204
Asia-Pacific Market for BIPV Roofing Tiles 205
Summary 205
TABLE 56 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING TILES BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 205
Market Forecast by PV Technology 206
China 206
Japan 207
South Korea 208
Taiwan 209
India 209
RoW Market for BIPV Roofing Tiles 209
Summary 209
TABLE 57 ROW MARKET FOR BIPV ROOFING TILES BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 210
Pockets of Significant Activity in RoW 211
TABLE 58 SAMPLE OF ROW COUNTRIES WITH NET METERING PROGRAMS, BY REGION AND COUNTRY 211
Market Trends 212
BIPV STANDING SEAM METAL ROOFING 212
The Financial Effect of PV Efficiency 214
Global Market for BIPV Standing Seam Metal Roofing 215
Summary 215
TABLE 59 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV STANDING SEAM METAL ROOFING BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 216
FIGURE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV STANDING SEAM METAL ROOFING BY REGION, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 216
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 216
TABLE 60 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV STANDING SEAM METAL ROOFING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 220
Market Forecast by PV Technology 221
North American Market for BIPV Standing Seam Metal Roofing 222
Summary 222
TABLE 61 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR BIPV STANDING SEAM METAL ROOFING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 222
United States 222
Market Trends 223
Market Forecast by PV Technology 224
European Market for BIPV Standing Seam Metal Roofing 225
Summary 225
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 225
TABLE 62 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR BIPV STANDING SEAM METAL ROOFING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 227
Market Forecast by PV Technology 227
Asia-Pacific Market for BIPV Standing Seam Metal Roofing 228
Summary 228
TABLE 63 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR BIPV STANDING SEAM METAL ROOFING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 228
China 228
Market Trends 229
Market Forecast by PV Technology 230
RoW Market for BIPV Standing Seam Metal Roofing 230
Summary 230
TABLE 64 ROW MARKET FOR BIPV STANDING SEAM METAL ROOFING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 230
Australia 231
Market Trends 231
Market Forecast by PV Technology 232
Other RoW 232
Market Trends 233
Market Forecast by PV Technology 234
BIPV SINGLE-PLY MEMBRANE ROOFING 234
BIPV Roofs vs. Green Roofs and Efficient Roof Coverings 237
Global Market for BIPV Single-ply Membrane Roofing 237
Summary 237
TABLE 65 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV SINGLE-PLY MEMBRANE ROOFING BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 237
FIGURE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV SINGLE-PLY MEMBRANE ROOFING BY REGION, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 238
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 238
TABLE 66 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV SINGLE-PLY MEMBRANE ROOFING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 239
Market Forecast by PV Technology 240
North American Market for BIPV Single-ply Membrane Roofing 241
Summary 241
TABLE 67 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR BIPV SINGLE-PLY MEMBRANE ROOFING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 241
United States 241
Market Trends 242
Market Forecast by PV Technology 243
European Market for BIPV Single-ply Membrane Roofing 243
Summary 243
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 244
TABLE 68 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR BIPV SINGLE-PLY MEMBRANE ROOFING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 245
Market Forecast by PV Technology 245
Asia-Pacific Market for BIPV Single-ply Membrane Roofing 246
Summary 246
TABLE 69 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR BIPV SINGLE-PLY MEMBRANE ROOFING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 246
China 246
Market Trends 247
Market Forecast by PV Technology 247
RoW Market for BIPV Single-ply Membrane Roofing 248
Summary 248
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 248
TABLE 70 ROW MARKET FOR BIPV SINGLE-PLY MEMBRANE ROOFING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 249
Market Forecast by PV Technology 249
BIPV BUILDING FACADES 250
OVERVIEW 250
DEDICATED BIPV FACADE PRODUCTS 251
Rigid vs. Thin-Film Facade Choices 251
Peak Output During Peak Demand Maximizes Output Value 252
Standardization and the BIPV Facade Market 253
Catering to Architects and Designers 254
See the Opportunity, Be the Opportunity 254
MARKET OUTLOOK FOR BIPV BUILDING FACADES 255
Market Segmentation by Region and Country 255
Impacts and Value of BIPV Facades to the Building Owner 258
TABLE 71 PROJECTED PAYBACK TIMES FOR SAMPLE PV TECHNOLOGIES IN BIPV FACADES (% / YEARS AT $0.20/KWH) 259
The Green Parking Structure Contribution 260
TABLE 72 GLOBAL FORECAST FOR TOTAL PARKING STRUCTURES BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 262
TABLE 73 GLOBAL CONSTRUCTION FORECAST FOR ANNUAL NEW PARKING STRUCTURES BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (NO. OF BUILDINGS) 262
TABLE 74 GLOBAL CONSTRUCTION FORECAST FOR ANNUAL SUBSTANTIALLY RENOVATED PARKING STRUCTURES BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (NO. OF BUILDINGS) 263
TABLE 75 GLOBAL AGGREGATE CONSTRUCTION FORECAST FOR ANNUAL NEW AND SUBSTANTIALLY RENOVATED PARKING STRUCTURES BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (NO. OF BUILDINGS) 263
TABLE 76 GLOBAL AGGREGATE CONSTRUCTION FORECAST FOR ANNUAL NEW AND SUBSTANTIALLY RENOVATED GREEN PARKING STRUCTURES BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (NO. OF BUILDINGS) 264
TABLE 77 GLOBAL AGGREGATE FORECAST FOR NEW PV CAPACITY IN BIPV GREEN PARKING STRUCTURES BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MW) 264
TABLE 78 GLOBAL AGGREGATE MARKET VALUE FORECAST FOR NEW PV CAPACITY IN BIPV GREEN PARKING STRUCTURES BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 265
GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV FACADES 265
Summary 265
TABLE 79 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV FACADES BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 265
FIGURE 24 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV FACADES BY REGION, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 265
Overview 266
Market Sizing Methodologies 268
Global Forecast 268
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 269
TABLE 80 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV FACADES BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (NO. OF BUILDINGS, MW AND $ MILLIONS) 269
Market Forecast by PV Technology 270
North American Market for BIPV Facades 270
Summary 270
TABLE 81 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR BIPV FACADES BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (NO. OF BUILDINGS, MW AND $ MILLIONS) 270
United States 271
Market Trends 271
Market Forecast by PV Technology 272
European Market for BIPV Facades 272
Summary 272
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 272
TABLE 82 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR BIPV FACADES BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (NO. OF BUILDINGS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 273
Market Forecast by PV Technology 273
Asia-Pacific Market for BIPV Facades 274
Summary 274
TABLE 83 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR BIPV FACADES BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (NO. OF BUILDINGS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 274
China 275
Market Trends 275
Market Forecast by PV Technology 275
RoW Market for BIPV Facades 276
Summary 276
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 276
TABLE 84 ROW MARKET FOR BIPV FACADES BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (NO. OF BUILDINGS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 277
Market Forecast by PV Technology 277
BIPV GLAZING 278
OVERVIEW 278
MARKET OPPORTUNITY FOR BIPV GLAZING 279
Potential for Conflict with Green Building Competitive Methods 280
Do Transparent Efficiency Options Conflict? 280
MARKET SIZING: TOTAL AVAILABLE BIPV GLAZING MARKET 281
GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS: BIPV GLAZING BY CAPACITY AND REGION 282
Market Sizing Methodology 284
GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV GLAZING 285
Summary 285
TABLE 85 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV GLAZING BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 285
FIGURE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV GLAZING BY REGION, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 286
Overview 286
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 287
TABLE 86 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV GLAZING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (NO. OF BUILDINGS, 1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 287
Market Forecast by PV Technology 288
Summary 288
TABLE 87 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR BIPV GLAZING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (NO. OF BUILDINGS, 1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 288
United States 289
Market Trends 289
Market Forecast by PV Technology 290
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR BIPV GLAZING 291
Summary 291
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 292
TABLE 88 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR BIPV GLAZING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (NO. OF BUILDINGS, 1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 292
Market Forecast by PV Technology 293
ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR BIPV GLAZING 293
Summary 293
TABLE 89 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR BIPV GLAZING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (MW AND $ MILLIONS) 294
China 294
Market Growth for PV Technology Greenhouse Agriculture 295
Market Trends 296
Market Forecast by PV Technology 296
ROW MARKET FOR BIPV GLAZING 297
Summary 297
Market Forecast by Capacity and Revenue 297
TABLE 90 ROW MARKET FOR BIPV GLAZING BY CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (NO. OF BUILDINGS, 1,000 SQ METERS, MW, AND $ MILLIONS) 298
Market Forecast by PV Technology 298
BIPV SKYLIGHTS 298
BIFURCATED MARKET FOR BIPV SKYLIGHTING 299
Amorphous Silicon Once Again Finds Homes 300
GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV SKYLIGHTS 301
Summary 301
TABLE 91 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV SKYLIGHTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 301
FIGURE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV SKYLIGHTS BY REGION, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 301
Market Forecast by Region, Capacity and Revenue 302
TABLE 92 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV SKYLIGHTS BY CAPACITY, REGION AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (MW AND $ MILLIONS) 303
Market Forecast by PV Technology 304
BIPV ARCHITECTURAL SHADING 304
INNOVATION: PV-POWERED ROLLER SHADING 305
GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV ARCHITECTURAL SHADING 306
Summary 306
TABLE 93 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV ARCHITECTURAL SHADING BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 306
FIGURE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV ARCHITECTURAL SHADING BY REGION, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS) 306
Overview 307
Market Forecast by Region, Capacity, and Revenue 307
TABLE 94 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV ARCHITECTURAL SHADING BY CAPACITY, REGION AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (MW AND $ MILLIONS) 309
Market Forecast by PV Technology 309
NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR BIPV ARCHITECTURAL SHADING 310
United States 310
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR BIPV ARCHITECTURAL SHADING 310
ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR BIPV ARCHITECTURAL SHADING 311
China 311
Japan 311
India and the ASEAN Countries 312
ROW MARKET FOR BIPV ARCHITECTURAL SHADING 312
NEW GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES FOR BIPV ARCHITECTURAL SHADING: GREEN PARKING STRUCTURES 313
Green Parking Structure Contribution to Global BIPV Architectural Shading Market 314
TABLE 95 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIPV ARCHITECTURAL SHADING IN GREEN PARKING STRUCTURES BY CAPACITY, REGION AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2021 (MW AND $ MILLIONS) 314
CHAPTER 8 BIPV-RELATED COMPANIES 316
BUILDING-INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAICS ARCHITECTS/DESIGNERS 316
ABAKUS SOLAR AG 316
ABAKUS SOLAR USA INC. 316
ADRIAN SMITH + GORDON GILL ARCHITECTURE LLP 316
ALBANESE ORGANIZATION INC. 316
ARCHITEKTURBURO-HAGEMANN 316
ARUP GROUP 317
ATLANTECH SOLAR INC. 317
BEAR ARCHITECTEN 317
ENGLERT INC. 317
FOSTER + PARTNERS 317
FREDERIC SCHWARTZ ARCHITECTS 317
INTEGRAL GROUP 318
ISSOL SA/NV 318
KIERAN TIMBERLAKE 318
KISS + CATHCART ARCHITECTS 318
MARTIFER SOLAR, S.A. 318
MONTREAL ZERO INC. 318
MOTT MACDONALD GROUP LTD. 319
PELLI CLARKE PELLI ARCHITECTS 319
PLP ARCHITECTURE LTD. 319
ROLF DISCH SOLARARCHITEKTUR 319
RPBW GENOA 319
RPBW PARIS 320
SAPA BUILDING SYSTEM 320
SKIDMORE, OWINGS and MERRILL LLP 320
SOLAR DESIGN ASSOCIATES INC. 320
VELUX A/S 320
VELUX AMERICA LLC 320
BUILDING-INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAICS MANUFACTURERS 321
A-SI BIPV PHOTOVOLTAICS MANUFACTURERS 321
Astronergy 321
Astronergy Solar Inc. 321
China Glass Solar 321
ENN Group North America 321
ENN Solar 321
Gadir Solar 322
Green Energy Technology 322
Guangdong Golden Glass Technologies Ltd. 322
Iland Green Technologies SA 322
Kaneka North America 322
Lumeta Solar 323
Nexpower Technology Corp. 323
Polysolar Ltd 323
PowerFilm Solar 323
QS Solar 323
R.E.M. S.p.A. 324
Schott AG 324
Solarnova Deutschland GmbH 324
Star Unity AG 324
Sun Well Solar Corp. 324
Taiyo Kogyo Group 325
Wuxi Suntech Power Co. Ltd. 325
C-SI BIPV PHOTOVOLTAIC MANUFACTURERS 325
Asola Technologies GmbH 325
Atlantis Energy Systems 325
Beamreach Solar 325
BISOL Group, d.o.o. 326
ET Solar 326
ET Solar Germany 326
Guangdong Golden Glass Technologies Ltd. 326
Kerself S.p.A. 326
Lof Solar Corp. 327
Meyer-Burger AG 327
R.E.M. S.p.A. 327
Romag Ltd. 327
S.E.S. Societe d'Energie Solaire SA 327
Shandong Fangxing Building Materials Co. Ltd. 328
Solarnova Deutschland GmbH 328
Solon Corp. 328
Star Unity AG 328
Sunergic SA 328
SunPower Corp. 328
Wuxi Suntech Power Co. Ltd. 329
MC-SI BIPV PHOTOVOLTAIC MANUFACTURERS 329
Anji Technology Co., Ltd. 329
Canadian Solar Inc. 329
Elkem AS 329
GMA Solar 329
Guangdong Golden Glass Technologies Ltd. 330
Kyocera Solar Inc. 330
Schott AG 330
Solarworld AG 330
Romag Ltd. 330
Sharp Corp. 331
Solarnova Deutschland GmbH 331
Solon Corp. 331
Vidurglass 331
CDTE BIPV PHOTOVOLTAIC MANUFACTURERS 331
Advanced Solar Power (Hangzhou) Co. Ltd. 331
Antec Solar GmbH 332
Calyxo GmbH 332
First Solar Inc. 332
CIGS BIPV PHOTOVOLTAIC MANUFACTURERS 332
Ascent Solar Technologies Inc. 332
First Solar Inc. 332
Global Solar Energy Inc. 333
Hanergy America Solar Solutions 333
Jenn Feng New Energy Co. Ltd. 333
Manz AG 333
Miasole 333
Rautaruukki Oyj 333
Solar Frontier K.K. 334
Solarion AG 334
Solibro GmbH 334
SoloPower 334
Sunshine PV Corp. 334
XsunX 335
DSSC BIPV PHOTOVOLTAIC COMPANIES 335
3GSolar Photovoltaics Ltd. 335
Dyesol Ltd. 335
Exeger Sweden AB 335
Fujikura Ltd. 335
G24 Power Ltd. 336
Glass2Energy SA 336
Heliatek GmbH 336
Oxford Photovoltaics 336
Solaronix SA 336
Yingkou OPV Tech New Energy Co. Ltd. 337
PLASTIC (OPV) PHOTOVOLTAICS MANUFACTURERS 337
Belectric OPV GmbH 337
CSEM Brasil 337
Disasolar 337
Eight19 337
Mekoprint A/S 338
NanoFlex Power Corp. 338
PolyIC GmbH and Co. KG 338
Polyera 338
Solarmer Energy Inc. 338
Solar Window Technologies Inc. 338
BIPV STANDING SEAM METAL ROOFING COMPANIES 339
ASC PROFILES LLC 339
ASCENT SOLAR TECHNOLOGIES INC. 339
ATAS INTERNATIONAL INC. 339
BLUESCOPE STEEL DIRECT 339
CENTRIA 339
DREXEL METALS LLC 339
GLOBAL SOLAR ENERGY INC. 340
HANERGY AMERICA SOLAR SOLUTIONS 340
HYET SOLAR BV 340
KALZIP INC. 340
METANNA LLC 340
POWERFILM SOLAR 340
RHEINZINK (SCHWEIZ) AG 341
SOLOPOWER 341
WUXI SUNTECH POWER CO. LTD. 341
BIPV ARCHITECTURAL FABRIC MANUFACTURERS 341
BIRDAIR INC. 341
FABRITEC STRUCTURES 341
FLEXISOLAR LTD. 342
GLOBAL SOLAR ENERGY INC. 342
HANERGY AMERICA SOLAR SOLUTIONS 342
NANOFLEX POWER CORP. 342
POWERFILM SOLAR 342
SEFAR AG 342
TAIYO KOGYO GROUP 343
BIPV ARCHITECTURAL SHADING SYSTEMS COMPANIES 343
ABAKUS SOLAR AG 343
ARTEMIS BUILDING SYSTEMS PTY. LTD. 343
AMERICAN WARMING AND VENTILATING 343
ASOLA TECHNOLOGIES GMBH 343
ASTRONERGY 344
ASTRONERGY SOLAR INC. 344
ATLANTECH SOLAR INC. 344
AVANCIS GMBH 344
BGT BISCHOFF GLASTECHNIK AG 344
COLT INTERNATIONAL GMBH 345
ELGEN SALES INC. 345
EMPOWER ENERGIES 345
ENN GROUP NORTH AMERICA 345
ENN SOLAR 345
ERNST SCHWEIZER AG 345
ERTEX SOLARTECHNIK GMBH 346
ET SOLAR 346
ET SOLAR GERMANY 346
EURAMAX INTERNATIONAL INC. 346
FLORIAN SOLAR PRODUCTS, L.L.C. 346
GLASSCON GMBH 346
HANWHA Q CELLS GMBH 347
HANWHA Q CELLS CORP. 347
KAWNEER NORTH AMERICA 347
MEGASOL ENERGY LTD. 347
MEYER-BURGER AG 347
MGT-ESYS GMBH 348
PANASONIC USA 348
ROMAG LTD. 348
S.E.S. SOCIETE D'ENERGIE SOLAIRE SA 348
SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES CORP. (SABIC) 348
SCHEUTEN GLAS 349
SCHUCO INTERNATIONAL KG 349
SHADE ON DEMAND 349
SOLARCENTURY 349
SOLARNOVA DEUTSCHLAND GMBH 349
SOLTECH NV/SA 350
SOMFY SYSTEMS INC. 350
SUPER SKY PRODUCTS ENTERPRISES LLC 350
TRINA SOLAR 350
TRINA SOLAR (U.S.) INC. 350
UTICA PRIVATE LTD. 350
VIDURGLASS 351
VORKS ENERGY PRIVATE LTD. 351
WUXI SUNTECH POWER CO. LTD. 351
BIPV ARCHITECTURAL LOUVERS AND SHUTTERS COMPANIES 351
COLT INTERNATIONAL GMBH 351
DandM PERTH ROLLER SHUTTER CO. 351
EHRET GMBH 352
MISO FandD INC. 352
NACO 352
SOMFY SYSTEMS INC. 352
VELUX A/S 352
VELUX AMERICA LLC 353
BIPV FACADE COMPANIES 353
ABAKUS SOLAR AG 353
ACOMET SA 353
ALUK GROUP S.P.A. 353
ASTRONERGY 353
ASTRONERGY SOLAR INC. 354
ATLANTECH SOLAR INC. 354
AVANCIS GMBH 354
BEIJING JA SOLAR PV TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD. 354
BELECTRIC OPV GMBH 354
CREATON AG 355
DAW SE 355
ENN SOLAR 355

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