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This report addresses the global market for microbes and microbial products used in commercial applications during the period from 2014 through 2020. These applications include agricultural, healthcare, manufacturing, energy and environmental applications.

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The global market for microbes and microbial products was valued at $143.5 billion in 2014. The 2015 market is projected to approach $154.7 billion, and the 2020 market, nearly $306 billion, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.6% from 2015 to 2020.

This report provides:

- An overview of the global market for microbial products, technologies and their applications.
- Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, estimates for 2015, and projections of CAGRs through 2020.
- Identifications of microbial applications in a wide range of fields, the applications and end uses that appear to have significant commercial potential in the near to mid-term, and quantitative estimates of their current and/or future sales.
- Examination of market drivers, regulations, and recent technological developments.
- Information gathered from developers, vendors, and users of microbial products for commercial applications.
- Comprehensive company profiles of major players.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

This report addresses the global market for microbes and microbial products used in commercial applications during the period from 2014 through 2020. These applications include agricultural, healthcare, manufacturing, energy and environmental applications.
Viruses are sometimes classified as microbes, but this report excludes them because they are nonliving.

The format of this study includes the following major elements:

- Summary.
- Definitions.
- Description of microbes.
- End uses and applications of microbes.
- Regulation.
- Recent technological developments.
- Market size and segmentation, 2014 to 2020.
- Company profiles.
- Key patents.


Table Of Contents

Microbial Products: Technologies, Applications and Global Markets
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY BACKGROUND 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
SCOPE AND FORMAT 3
INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY 3
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 4
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 4
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 5
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 7
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL
PRODUCTS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 8
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 10
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF MICROBES 10
DEFINITIONS 10
Microbes 10
Bacteria 10
Fungi 10
Archaea 10
Protists 11
Micro-Animals and Micro-Plants 11
Commercial Microbes 11
Microbial Products 11
PROPERTIES 12
Temperature Range 12
TABLE 1 MICROBE TEMPERATURE RANGES 12
Psychrophiles 12
Mesophiles 13
Thermophiles and Hyperthermophiles 13
Acidity 13
Osmotic Pressure 14
Oxygen 14
Water 15
Metabolite Production 15
OCCURRENCE AND PRODUCTION 15
Habitats 15
Culture 16
Isolation 16
Sterilization 16
Culture 16
Genetic Engineering 17
HISTORY 17
END USES AND APPLICATIONS 19
TABLE 2 END USES/APPLICATIONS OF COMMERCIAL MICROBES 20
AGRICULTURE 20
HEALTHCARE 21
MANUFACTURING 21
ENERGY 21
ENVIRONMENT 21
MARKET SIZE AND SEGMENTATION 22
MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH TRENDS 22
MARKET BY END USES 22
TABLE 3 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS BY END-USE
SECTOR, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 23
FIGURE 1 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS BY
END-USE SECTOR, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 23
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS BY
END-USE SECTOR, 2014-2020 (%) 23
CHAPTER 4 AGRICULTURAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS 26
SUMMARY 26
TABLE 4 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS USED IN
AGRICULTURE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 26
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN AGRICULTURE APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 26
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN AGRICULTURE APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 (%) 27
MICROBIAL PESTICIDES 27
TYPES OF MICROBIAL PESTICIDES 27
Bacteria 28
B. thuringiensis 28
"Milky Spore" 29
Agrobacterium radiobacter 30
Other Bacteria 30
Fungi 31
Beauveria bassiana 31
Verticillium lecanii 31
Lagenidium giganteum 32
Other Fungi 32
Protozoa 32
Nosema locustae 32
Nematodes 33
Steinernema feltiae 33
Steinernema scapterisci 34
Steinernema riobravis 34
Steinernema carpocapsae 34
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora 34
Heterorhabditis indica 34
Heterorhabditis megidis 35
SUPPLIERS 35
TABLE 5 SUPPLIERS OF MICROBIAL PESTICIDES 35
MARKETS 36
TABLE 6 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL PESTICIDES BY MICROBE TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 36
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR MICROBIAL PESTICIDES BY MICROBE TYPE,
2014 (%) 36
Bacterial Biopesticides 37
FIGURE 6 GLOBAL TRENDS IN ORGANICALLY FARMED AREAS, 2005-2020 (MILLION
HECTARES) 37
TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BACTERIAL BIOPESTICIDES BY TYPE, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 38
Other Biopesticides 38
MICROBIAL FERTILIZERS 38
TYPES OF BIOFERTILIZERS 39
Nitrogen Biofertilizers 39
Rhizobium 39
Azospirillum 39
Azotobacter 40
Blue-Green Algae 40
Phosphorus Biofertilizers 40
Phosphate-Solubilizing Microorganisms 40
COMPOST TREATMENT 41
Cellulolytic Fungal Culture 41
SUPPLIERS 41
TABLE 8 SUPPLIERS OF BIOFERTILIZERS 42
MARKETS 42
TABLE 9 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL FERTILIZERS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020
($ MILLIONS) 42
ANIMAL FEED ADDITIVES 43
TYPES OF MICROBIAL ANIMAL FEED ADDITIVES 43
Bacteria 43
Algae 43
SUPPLIERS 44
TABLE 10 SUPPLIERS OF MICROBIAL ANIMAL AND FISH FEED ADDITIVES 44
MARKETS 44
TABLE 11 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL FEED SUPPLEMENTS, THROUGH 2020
($ MILLIONS) 44
CHAPTER 5 HEALTHCARE MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS 47
SUMMARY 47
TABLE 12 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS USED IN
HEALTHCARE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 47
FIGURE 7 GLOBAL MARKET TREND FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN HEALTHCARE APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 47
FIGURE 8 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN HEALTHCARE APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 (%) 48
MICROBIAL BIOPHARMACEUTICALS 48
TECHNOLOGY 48
Direct Extraction from Natural Sources 49
Recombinant DNA Technology 49
SUPPLIERS 50
TABLE 13 MICROBIAL BIOPHARMACEUTICAL SUPPLIERS 50
MARKETS 50
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL BIOPHARMACEUTICALS, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 51
THERAPEUTICS 51
PROBIOTICS 51
Types of Probiotics 51
Recent Developments 52
New Coating Techniques 52
Suppliers 52
TABLE 15 SELECTED SUPPLIERS OF THERAPEUTIC PROBIOTICS 53
Markets 53
TABLE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PROBIOTICS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 53
TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PROBIOTICS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS) 54
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR PROBIOTICS BY REGION, 2014-2020 (%) 54
CHAPTER 6 MANUFACTURING MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS 57
SUMMARY 57
TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS USED IN
MANUFACTURING APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 57
FIGURE 10 GLOBAL MARKET TREND FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN MANUFACTURING APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 58
FIGURE 11 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN MANUFACTURING APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 (%) 58
FOOD PROCESSING 59
TECHNOLOGIES 60
Baking 60
Brewing 60
Winemaking 60
Cultured Dairy Products 60
SUPPLIERS 61
TABLE 19 SELECTED SUPPLIERS OF YEAST AND OTHER FOOD PROCESSING
MICROBES 61
MARKETS 61
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR YEASTS USED IN FOOD PROCESSING, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 62
ENZYMES 62
TECHNOLOGIES 62
APPLICATIONS 63
SUPPLIERS 63
TABLE 21 SUPPLIERS OF INDUSTRIAL ENZYMES 63
MARKETS 64
TABLE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIALLY PRODUCED INDUSTRIAL ENZYMES,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 64
COMMODITY AND SPECIALTY CHEMICALS 64
TECHNOLOGIES 64
Natural Metabolic Products as Commodity Chemicals 64
TABLE 23 REPRESENTATIVE CHEMICALS PRODUCED FROM MICROBES 65
Metabolically Engineered Microbes 65
SUPPLIERS 66
TABLE 24 COMPANIES MICROBIALLY PRODUCING BULK CHEMICALS 66
MARKETS 66
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIALLY PRODUCED COMMODITY AND
SPECIALTY CHEMICALS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 67
BIOPOLYMERS 67
TECHNOLOGIES 67
Polyhydroxyalkanoates 67
Polylactic Acid 68
Hyaluronic Acid 68
Other Microbial Bioplastics 68
Bacterial Cellulose 68
Pullulan 69
Xanthan 69
APPLICATIONS 69
TABLE 26 MICROBIAL BIOPOLYMER APPLICATIONS 70
SUPPLIERS 70
TABLE 27 BIOPOLYMER SUPPLIERS 71
MARKETS 71
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL BIOPOLYMERS BY TYPE, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 72
CHAPTER 7 ENERGY MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS 74
SUMMARY 74
TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS USED IN
ENERGY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 74
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MARKET TREND FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN ENERGY APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 75
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN ENERGY APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 (%) 75
BIOFUELS 76
TECHNOLOGY 76
Ethanol 76
Sugar-and Starch-Based Ethanol 76
Cellulosic Ethanol (Bioethanol) 76
Bacterial Bioethanol 77
Fungal Bioethanol 77
Algal Bioethanol 77
Biodiesel 78
Bacterial Biodiesel 78
Algal Biodiesel 79
Fungal Biodiesel 79
APPLICATIONS 80
SUPPLIERS 80
TABLE 30 SUPPLIERS OF ETHANOL AND BIODIESEL PRODUCTS AND
TECHNOLOGIES 81
MARKET 81
TABLE 31 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOFUELS PRODUCED USING MICROBIAL
TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 82
Ethanol 82
Starch-and Sugar-Based Ethanol 82
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MICROBIAL PRODUCTION OF STARCH- AND SUGAR-BASED
ETHANOL, THROUGH 2020 83
Bioethanol 83
TABLE 33 GLOBAL MICROBIAL BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020
(TONS/$ MILLIONS) 83
Biodiesel 84
TABLE 34 GLOBAL MICROBIAL BIODIESEL PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (TONS/$
MILLIONS) 85
MICROBIAL-ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY 85
TECHNOLOGY 85
APPLICATIONS 86
SUPPLIERS 86
TABLE 35 SUPPLIERS OF MICROBIAL-ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY PRODUCTS AND
SERVICES 87
MARKETS 87
TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL-ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY PRODUCTS
AND SERVICES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 87
MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS 88
TECHNOLOGIES 88
Mediator Microbial Fuel Cells 88
Mediator-Less Microbial Fuel Cells 88
Microbial Electrolysis Cells 89
Soil-Based Microbial Fuel Cells 89
Phototropic Biofilm Microbial Fuel Cell 89
Nanoporous Membrane Microbial Fuel Cell 89
Recent Developments 90
Benthic Unattended Generators 90
Granular-Activated-Carbon-Based MFCs 90
APPLICATIONS 90
SUPPLIERS 91
TABLE 37 SELECTED DEVELOPERS AND SUPPLIERS OF MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS 91
MARKETS 92
TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS) 92
HYDROGEN PRODUCTION 92
TECHNOLOGIES 93
Photobiological Water Splitting 93
''Dark'' Fermentation 93
Combined Fermentation 94
SUPPLIERS 94
TABLE 39 SELECTED DEVELOPERS OF MICROBIAL HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
TECHNOLOGIES 95
MARKETS 95
CHAPTER 8 ENVIRONMENTAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS 97
SUMMARY 97
TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS USED IN
ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 97
FIGURE 14 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 98
FIGURE 15 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 (%) 98
ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING 99
TECHNOLOGIES 99
Microbial Respiration 99
Microbial Toxic Concentration 100
Biological Oxygen Demand 100
Genetically Engineered Organisms 100
APPLICATIONS 101
SUPPLIERS 101
TABLE 41 SELECTED SUPPLIERS OF MICROBIAL ASSAYS 101
MARKETS 102
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBE-BASED BIOSENSORS, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS) 102
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBE-BASED BIOSENSORS BY REGION,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 102
FIGURE 16 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR MICROBE-BASED BIOSENSORS BY REGION,
2014-2020 (%) 103
BIOREMEDIATION 103
TECHNOLOGIES 103
In Situ Bioremediation 104
In Situ Bioremediation of Groundwater 104
Direct Groundwater Bioremediation 104
Pumping and On-Site Remediation 104
Ex Situ Bioremediation 104
Bioreactors 105
Enzyme Treatment 105
MARKETS 106
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OF MICROBIAL AND ASSOCIATED
BIOREMEDIATION PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 106
RECYCLING 106
TECHNOLOGIES 106
Plastic-Eating Bacteria 106
MARKETS 107
OIL SPILLS AND RESIDUES CLEANUP 107
TECHNOLOGIES 107
Oil-Eating Bacterial Preparations 107
Genetically Modified Oil-Degrading Microbes 108
APPLICATIONS 109
SUPPLIERS 109
TABLE 45 SUPPLIERS OF OIL-DEGRADING MICROBES 110
MARKETS 110
TABLE 46 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OIL-DEGRADING MICROBIAL PRODUCTS,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 110
WASTEWATER/SEWAGE TREATMENT 110
TECHNOLOGIES 111
Public Wastewater and Sewage 111
Cold Weather Bacteria 112
Bacteria for Foaming and Bulking Control 112
Phosphate Reduction and Control 112
Industrial Process Wastes 112
Food Processing Wastes 113
Pulp and Paper Wastewater 113
Other Industrial Wastewater 113
APPLICATIONS 113
SUPPLIERS 114
TABLE 47 SUPPLIERS OF MICROBIAL PRODUCTS FOR WASTEWATER/SEWAGE
TREATMENT 114
MARKETS 115
TABLE 48 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PRODUCTS
USED IN THE PUBLIC AND INDUSTRIAL SEGMENTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 115
CHAPTER 9 REGULATION 117
UNITED STATES 117
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 117
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) 117
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 118
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). 118
Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act as Amended by the Food
Quality Protection Act 118
Toxic Substances Control Act 118
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and Comprehensive
Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act 119
FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION 120
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act 120
STATE-LEVEL REGULATIONS 121
EUROPEAN UNION 121
DIRECTIVE 98/81/EC ON THE CONTAINED USE OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED
MICROORGANISMS 121
DIRECTIVE 2001/18/EC ON THE DELIBERATE RELEASE INTO THE
ENVIRONMENT OF GMOS 122
REGULATION (EC) NO. 1107/2009 ON THE PLACING OF PLANT
PROTECTION PRODUCTS ON THE MARKET 122
REGULATION (EC) NO 726/2004 ON PROCEDURES FOR THE
AUTHORIZATION AND SUPERVISION OF MEDICINAL PRODUCTS FOR
HUMAN AND VETERINARY USE
122
JAPAN 123
FOOD SANITATION LAW 123
FEED SAFETY LAW 123
OTHER COUNTRIES 123
BRAZIL 124
CHINA 124
INDIA 124
RUSSIA 125
AFRICAN COUNTRIES 125
CHAPTER 10 APPENDIX A: COMPANY PROFILES 127
AGRICULTURAL APPLICATIONS 127
BIOPESTICIDES 127
Certis USA LLC 127
LAM International 127
Valent BioSciences Corp. 127
BIOFERTILIZERS 128
BioOrganics Inc. 128
JH Biotech Inc. 128
Mycorrhizal Applications Inc. 128
Novozymes Biologicals 128
Ruchi Biochemicals 129
ANIMAL FEED ADDITIVES 129
Earthrise Nutritionals LLC 129
METabolic EXplorer S.A. 130
Taiwan Chlorella Manufacturing Co Ltd. 130
HEALTHCARE APPLICATIONS 130
MICROBIAL BIOPHARMACEUTICALS 130
Amgen Inc. 130
Genzyme Corp. 131
Novo Nordisk A/S 131
PROBIOTICS 132
Ardeypharm GmbH Pharmazeutische Fabrik 132
Osel Inc. 132
Procter and Gamble Co. 132
Sigma-Tau Pharmaceuticals Inc. 132
MANUFACTURING APPLICATIONS 133
FOOD PROCESSING 133
AB Mauri 133
Lallemand Inc. 133
Lesaffre et Compagnie 134
INDUSTRIAL ENZYMES 134
Genencor International Inc. 134
Novozymes A/S 134
Specialty Enzymes and Biochemicals Co. 135
BULK CHEMICALS 135
Amyris Inc. 135
Evolva 135
Genomatica 136
Gevo 137
MICROBIAL BIOPLASTICS 137
DURECT Corp. 137
Lone Star Heart Inc. 137
ENERGY APPLICATIONS 138
BIOFUELS 138
Algae Biosciences Corp. 138
Algenol 138
Amyris Inc. 138
Coskata Inc. 139
Desert Sweet Biofuels 139
Energy Derived 140
Iogen Corp. 140
Qteros Inc. 140
REG Life Sciences LLC 141
Sapphire Energy 141
Waltham Technologies 141
MICROBIAL-ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY 142
Environmental BioTechnologies Inc. 142
Glori Energy Inc. 142
Microbes Biosciences. 142
Rawwater Engineering Co. Ltd. 143
Synthetic Genomics Inc. 143
Titan Oil Recovery 143
HYDROGEN PRODUCTION 144
Biohydrogen Ltd. 144
Nanologix Inc. 144
Sapporo Breweries Ltd. 145
Solarvest BioEnergy 145
MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS 146
Cambrian Innovation 146
Emefcy Ltd. 146
HDR HydroQual Inc. 147
Hy-SyEnce 147
ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS 147
MICROBIAL ASSAYS 147
NCIMB Ltd. 147
BIOREMEDIATION 148
BIO-SYSTEMS International 148
USA BioProducts Co. 148
OIL-EATING MICROBES 148
Aabaco Industries 148
Altogen Biosystems 149
Bioremediation Inc. 149
Evolugate LLC 149
Microbial Discovery Group 149
MicroSorb Environmental Products Inc. 150
Micro-TES Inc. 150
Osprey Biotechnics 150
WASTEWATER/SEWAGE TREATMENT 151
Aquafix Inc. 151
BioConversion Technology 151
BIO-SYSTEMS International 151
Custom Biologicals Inc. 152
General Environmental Science 152
Natural Environmental Systems LLC 152
CHAPTER 11 APPENDIX B: PATENT ANALYSIS 154
FIGURE 17 U.S. MICROBIAL PRODUCT PATENTS SHARE BY APPLICATION AREA
ISSUED FROM 1976 TO JUNE 1, 2015 (%) 154
FIGURE 18 TRENDS IN U.S. MICROBIAL PRODUCT PATENTS AWARDED ANNUALLY,
2008-2014 155

LIST OF TABLES
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 7
TABLE 1 MICROBE TEMPERATURE RANGES 12
TABLE 2 END USES/APPLICATIONS OF COMMERCIAL MICROBES 20
TABLE 3 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS BY END-USE
SECTOR, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 23
TABLE 4 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS USED IN
AGRICULTURE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 26
TABLE 5 SUPPLIERS OF MICROBIAL PESTICIDES 35
TABLE 6 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL PESTICIDES BY MICROBE TYPE, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 36
TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BACTERIAL BIOPESTICIDES BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020
($ MILLIONS) 38
TABLE 8 SUPPLIERS OF BIOFERTILIZERS 42
TABLE 9 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL FERTILIZERS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS) 42
TABLE 10 SUPPLIERS OF MICROBIAL ANIMAL AND FISH FEED ADDITIVES 44
TABLE 11 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL FEED SUPPLEMENTS, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS) 44
TABLE 12 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS USED IN
HEALTHCARE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 47
TABLE 13 MICROBIAL BIOPHARMACEUTICAL SUPPLIERS 50
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL BIOPHARMACEUTICALS, THROUGH 2020
($ MILLIONS) 51
TABLE 15 SELECTED SUPPLIERS OF THERAPEUTIC PROBIOTICS 53
TABLE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PROBIOTICS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 53
TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PROBIOTICS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS) 54
TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS USED IN
MANUFACTURING APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 57
TABLE 19 SELECTED SUPPLIERS OF YEAST AND OTHER FOOD PROCESSING
MICROBES 61
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR YEASTS USED IN FOOD PROCESSING, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 62
TABLE 21 SUPPLIERS OF INDUSTRIAL ENZYMES 63
TABLE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIALLY PRODUCED INDUSTRIAL ENZYMES,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 64
TABLE 23 REPRESENTATIVE CHEMICALS PRODUCED FROM MICROBES 65
TABLE 24 COMPANIES MICROBIALLY PRODUCING BULK CHEMICALS 66
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIALLY PRODUCED COMMODITY AND
SPECIALTY CHEMICALS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 67
TABLE 26 MICROBIAL BIOPOLYMER APPLICATIONS 70
TABLE 27 BIOPOLYMER SUPPLIERS 71
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL BIOPOLYMERS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020
($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS USED IN
ENERGY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 74
TABLE 30 SUPPLIERS OF ETHANOL AND BIODIESEL PRODUCTS AND TECHNOLOGIES 81
TABLE 31 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOFUELS PRODUCED USING MICROBIAL
TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MICROBIAL PRODUCTION OF STARCH- AND SUGAR-BASED
ETHANOL, THROUGH 2020 83
TABLE 33 GLOBAL MICROBIAL BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (TONS/$
MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 34 GLOBAL MICROBIAL BIODIESEL PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (TONS/$
MILLIONS) 85
TABLE 35 SUPPLIERS OF MICROBIAL-ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY PRODUCTS AND
SERVICES 87
TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL-ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY PRODUCTS
AND SERVICES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 87
TABLE 37 SELECTED DEVELOPERS AND SUPPLIERS OF MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS 91
TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS) 92
TABLE 39 SELECTED DEVELOPERS OF MICROBIAL HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
TECHNOLOGIES 95
TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS USED IN
ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 97
TABLE 41 SELECTED SUPPLIERS OF MICROBIAL ASSAYS 101
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBE-BASED BIOSENSORS, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS) 102
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBE-BASED BIOSENSORS BY REGION,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 102
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OF MICROBIAL AND ASSOCIATED BIOREMEDIATION
PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 106
TABLE 45 SUPPLIERS OF OIL-DEGRADING MICROBES 110
TABLE 46 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OIL-DEGRADING MICROBIAL PRODUCTS, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 110
TABLE 47 SUPPLIERS OF MICROBIAL PRODUCTS FOR WASTEWATER/SEWAGE
TREATMENT 114
TABLE 48 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MICROBIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PRODUCTS
USED IN THE PUBLIC AND INDUSTRIAL SEGMENTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 115
LIST OF FIGURES
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL
PRODUCTS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 8
FIGURE 1 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS BY
END-USE SECTOR, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 23
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS BY
END-USE SECTOR, 2014-2020 (%) 23
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN AGRICULTURE APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 26
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN AGRICULTURE APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 (%) 27
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR MICROBIAL PESTICIDES BY MICROBE TYPE,
2014 (%) 36
FIGURE 6 GLOBAL TRENDS IN ORGANICALLY FARMED AREAS, 2005-2020 (MILLION
HECTARES) 37
FIGURE 7 GLOBAL MARKET TREND FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN HEALTHCARE APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 47
FIGURE 8 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN HEALTHCARE APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 (%) 48
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR PROBIOTICS BY REGION, 2014-2020 (%) 54
FIGURE 10 GLOBAL MARKET TREND FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN MANUFACTURING APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 58
FIGURE 11 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN MANUFACTURING APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 (%) 58
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MARKET TREND FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN ENERGY APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 75
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN ENERGY APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 (%) 75
FIGURE 14 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 98
FIGURE 15 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES FOR MICROBES AND MICROBIAL PRODUCTS
USED IN ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS, 2014-2020 (%) 98
FIGURE 16 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR MICROBE-BASED BIOSENSORS BY REGION,
2014-2020 (%) 103
FIGURE 17 U.S. MICROBIAL PRODUCT PATENTS SHARE BY APPLICATION AREA
ISSUED FROM 1976 TO JUNE 1, 2015 (%) 154
FIGURE 18 TRENDS IN U.S. MICROBIAL PRODUCT PATENTS AWARDED ANNUALLY,
2008-2014 155

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