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Russia - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

  • August 2014
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 96 pages

Russia delivering the strongest fibre-based broadband growth in Europe

Russia's huge and fully liberalised telecom market is supported by a population of about 143 million. Although the market is dominated by the western regions where the main cities and economic centres are concentrated, efforts continue to be made to improve infrastructure in remote areas, where many smaller towns still lack mobile or internet services.

The country possesses a vast broadcasting market undergoing rapid change. Both freely accessible and paid content is widely available from cable TV, terrestrial, internet protocol TV and satellite platforms. Competition is driving new network deployments and network modernisation, as incumbent broadcasters face challenges associated with digitising analogue networks and increased competition from new market entrants, particularly from the telecom sector.

Russia also has the largest mobile market in Europe, with more than 241 million subscriptions and a penetration rate of about 170%. Although a number of operators offer services, the market is dominated by MTS, VimpelCom and MegaFon, which have expanded nationally through the acquisition of smaller regional service providers. Competition in the key markets of Moscow and St Petersburg is fierce, due to the size of the cities' populations and the higher concentration of wealth there. Significant market developments include the acquisition by Megafon of Scartel's network, and the merger of Tele2 Russia with Rostelecom. The deployment of HSPA networks presents a new growth opportunity through the offering of mobile broadband services, while the rapidly evolving LTE sector offers considerable promise for operator revenue and the fast developing mobile broadband sector.

Key developments:
Rostelecom completes first stage of JV with Tele2 Russia, appointed the sole universal telecom services provider; ER Telecom completes first stage of backbone network; Polarnet cleared to build $2 billion trans-Arctic cable; MTS and VimpelCom invest RUB2 billion on 4,500km fibre infrastructure; MegaFon collaborates with utility EuroSibEnergo, using power lines for fibre-optic network in Siberia; Moscow Metro tenders for WiFi contract across its network; regulator announces regional WiMAX licensees; government approves RUB3.1 billion investment for satellite broadband in remote areas; mobile internet subscriber base reaches 63.5 million; MegaFon signs seven-year infrastructure upgrade contract with Huawei; MNOs join forces for m-commerce platform; VimpelCom merges with subsidiaries, signs five-managed services contract with Ericsson; MNP now available for subscribers; 900MHz used for 3G following technological neutrality ruling; four licensees receive 800MHz spectrum for LTE; Space Systems (GSS) secures transponder on Astra 1F; amended TV broadcasting rules adopted; regulator's market data to March 2014; telcos' financial and operating data to Q2 2014; market developments to mid-2014.


Companies and subsidiaries covered in this report include:
MTS, TransTeleCom, VimpelCom, ER-Telecom, MTS, Rostelecom, PeterStar, Comstar, Mostelecom, Akado Group, NTV, Ren TV, CTC Media, TV Radio Company, Synterra Telecom, Comstar, Volga Telecom, Summa Telecom, MetroMAX, Yota (Scartel), Virgin Connect, Enforta, Golden Telecom; MegaFon, Tele2 Russia, Skylink, SMARTS Group, Uralsvyazinform.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Table Of Contents

Russia - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts
1. Key Statistics
2. Telecommunications Market
2.1 Overview of Russia's telecom market
3. Regulatory Environment
3.1 History
3.1.1 Telecommunications Law 2003
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Russia
3.3.1 Privatisation
3.3.2 Interconnection
3.3.3 Access
3.3.4 Carrier selection
3.3.5 Universal service obligation
3.3.6 Calling Party Pays (CPP) legislation
3.3.7 Local call tariffs
4. Fixed Network Operators
4.1 Market overview
4.2 Svyazinvest
4.2.1 Regional operators
4.3 Rostelecom
4.4 Central Telegraph
4.5 VimpelCom
4.6 Multiregional Transit Telecom
4.7 TransTeleCom (TTK)
4.8 PeterStar
4.9 ER-Telecom
4.10 MTS
5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Local
5.2.1 Central Telegraph
5.2.2 MTS
5.2.3 Golden Telecom
5.2.4 PeterStar
5.3 National
5.3.1 Golden Telecom
5.3.2 Rostelecom
5.3.3 TransTeleCom
5.3.4 ER Telecom
5.3.5 International cables
5.4 Satellite networks
5.5 Telecoms and IT
5.6 Data centres
6. Broadband Market
6.1 Russia's emerging internet society
6.2 Regulatory developments
6.3 Fixed broadband market
6.3.1 Overview
6.3.2 Fixed broadband statistics
6.3.3 Asymmetrical digital subscriber line (ADSL)
6.3.4 Cable modems
6.3.5 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
6.3.6 Broadband powerline (BPL)
6.3.7 Wireless broadband
7. Digital Media
7.1 Overview of broadcasting market
7.1.1 Free-to-air (FTA)
7.2 Digital TV
7.2.1 Broadband TV (IPTV)
7.2.2 Video-on-Demand (VoD)
7.2.3 Cable TV (CATV)
7.2.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
7.2.5 Digital terrestrial TV (DTTV)
8. Mobile Communications
8.1 Overview and analysis of Russia's mobile market
8.1.1 Mobile statistics
8.2 Regulatory issues
8.2.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
8.2.2 3G licences
8.2.3 800MHz spectrum
8.2.4 900MHz spectrum
8.2.5 1800MHz spectrum
8.2.6 Calling Party Pays (CPP) legislation
8.2.7 Roaming
8.2.8 Infrastructure sharing
8.3 Mobile technologies
8.3.1 Digital
8.3.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile
8.4 Major mobile operators
8.4.1 Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
8.4.2 VimpelCom
8.4.3 MegaFon
8.4.4 Tele2 Russia
8.4.5 SMARTS Group
8.4.6 Uralsvyazinform
8.4.7 Rostelecom
8.4.8 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
8.5 Mobile voice services
8.5.1 Prepaid
8.5.2 Satellite mobile
8.5.3 Voice-over-LTE (VoLTE)
8.6 Mobile data services
8.6.1 SMS/MMS
8.6.2 General packet radio service (GPRS)
8.6.3 Enhanced data for GSM evolution (EDGE)
8.6.4 High-speed packet access (HSPA)
8.6.5 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
8.6.6 Mobile broadband
8.6.7 Mobile TV
8.7 Mobile content and applications
8.7.1 Overview
8.7.2 M-commerce
8.7.3 M-payments
8.7.4 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
9. Forecasts
9.1 Forecasts Fixed broadband market 2010-2013; 2020
9.1.1 Scenario 1 higher fixed broadband subscriber growth
9.1.2 Scenario 2 lower fixed broadband subscriber growth
Table 1 Country statistics Russia 2014 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2014 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2014 (e)
Table 4 Broadband subscriber statistics 2014 (Mar)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2014 (Mar)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom revenue (RUB) 2003 - 2014
Table 8 Telecom sector capital expenses 2009 - 2014
Table 9 Rostelecom (pre-merger) financial data 2008 - 2010
Table 10 Rostelecom (post-merger) financial data 2008 - 2014
Table 11 Rostelecom subscriber data 2008 - 2014
Table 12 VimpelCom Group financial data 2012 - 2014
Table 13 VimpelCom financial data (Russia) 2007 - 2014
Table 14 VimpelCom subscribers by sector (Russia) 2008 - 2014
Table 15 ER-Telecom financial data (RUB) 2005 - 2011
Table 16 ER-Telecom financial data ($) 2010 - 2013
Table 17 ER Telecom subscribers 2007 - 2011
Table 18 MTS financial data (Russia, $) 2009 - 2013
Table 19 MTS financial data (Russia, RUB) 2011 - 2014
Table 20 MTS operational data 2007 - 2014
Table 21 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1998 - 2004
Table 22 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 - 2015
Table 23 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1999 - 2004
Table 24 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 - 2014
Table 25 Fixed broadband subscribers 2003 2014
Table 26 Fixed broadband penetration 2003 - 2014
Table 27 Fixed broadband subscribers by ISP in Russia 2010 - 2013
Table 28 Moscow fixed broadband subscribes by ISP 2010 - 2013
Table 29 Fixed broadband market share by operator (Russia) 2010 - 2013
Table 30 Rostelecom fixed broadband subscribers 2008 2014
Table 31 Rostelecom annualised broadband ARPU 2008 2014
Table 32 MTS fixed broadband subscribers 2009 - 2012
Table 33 VimpelCom fixed broadband subscribers 2008 - 2014
Table 34 ER-Telecom subscribers by sector 2011
Table 35 ER-Telecom broadband subscribers 2010 - 2012
Table 36 ER-Telecom revenue by sector 2011
Table 37 VimpelCom FttB subscribers 2010 2014
Table 38 VimpelCom FttB revenue 2010 2014
Table 39 Rostelecom FttX subscribers 2011 2014
Table 40 Estimated pay TV households 2015
Table 41 TV advertising revenue 2004 - 2013
Table 42 CTC Media financial data 2004 - 2014
Table 43 Rostelecom residential IPTV subscribers 2011 - 2014
Table 44 Rostelecom residential cable TV subscribers 2011 - 2014
Table 45 MTS pay TV subscribers 2009 - 2012
Table 46 Estimated total DTTV implementation cost 2010 - 2015
Table 47 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1995 - 2004
Table 48 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2014
Table 49 Mobile market share by region Mar 2014
Table 50 Mobile market share (Russia) 2010 - 2014
Table 51 Mobile service revenue 2003 - 2014
Table 52 MTS mobile financial data (Russia, $) 2004 - 2012
Table 53 MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) 2004 - 2014
Table 54 MTS Russia subscribers 2004 - 2014
Table 55 MTS Russia MOU, churn and annualised ARPU 2001 - 2014
Table 56 MTS Russia annualised VAS as proportion of total ARPU 2004 - 2014
Table 57 VimpelCom mobile subscribers (Russia) 2005 - 2014
Table 58 VimpelCom ARPU and MOU (Russia) 2007 - 2014
Table 59 VimpelCom group financial data 2007 - 2014
Table 60 VimpelCom mobile financial data (Russia) 2007 - 2014
Table 61 MegaFon consolidated financial data 2007 - 2014
Table 62 MegaFon mobile revenue 2005 - 2014
Table 63 MegaFon mobile subscriber data 2008 - 2014
Table 64 Tele2 financial data 2007 - 2012
Table 65 Tele2 subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 66 SMARTS Group subscribers 2009 - 2014
Table 67 SMARTS Group financial data 2006 - 2013
Table 68 SMARTS mobile revenue by type 2010 - 2011
Table 69 Rostelecom mobile subscribers 2010 - 2014
Table 70 Rostelecom mobile revenue 2008 - 2014
Table 71 Rostelecom mobile ARPU 2011 - 2014
Table 72 VolgaTelecom mobile revenue 2007 - 2010
Table 73 VolgaTelecom mobile subscribers 2007 - 2010
Table 74 VolgaTelecom MOU and ARPU 2007 - 2010
Table 75 Mobile VAS as proportion of total mobile revenue 2002 - 2013
Table 76 Mobile VAS market share by operator 2007 - 2012
Table 77 Data revenue by type 2008 - 2012
Table 78 Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2006 - 2012
Table 79 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers higher growth scenario 2010 - 2013; 2020
Table 80 Forecast fixed broadband penetration higher growth scenario 2010 - 2013; 2020
Table 81 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers lower growth scenario 2010 - 2013; 2020
Table 82 Forecast fixed broadband penetration lower growth scenario 2010 - 2013; 2020
Chart 1 Telecom revenue by operator (RUB) 2003 - 2014
Chart 2 Rostelecom financial data 2008 - 2014
Chart 3 Rostelecom subscriber data 2008 2014
Chart 4 VimpelCom financial data 2007 - 2014
Chart 5 VimpelCom subscribers by sector (Russia) 2008 - 2014
Chart 6 ER Telecom subscribers 2007 - 2011
Chart 7 MTS financial data (Russia, $) 2009 - 2012
Chart 8 MTS financial data (Russia, RUB) 2011 2014
Chart 9 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2002 - 2015
Chart 10 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 - 2014
Chart 11 Fixed broadband subscribers and annual change 2003 - 2014
Chart 12 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2002 - 2014
Chart 13 MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) 2004 - 2014
Chart 14 VimpelCom group financial data 2007 - 2014
Chart 15 MegaFon financial data 2007 - 2014
Chart 16 Tele2 financial data 2007 - 2012
Chart 17 SMARTS Group financial data 2006 2013

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