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Romania - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

  • August 2014
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 63 pages

RomTelecom prepares for next attempt at privatisation as well as a rebrand
Romania's fixed-line telecoms market is evolving under the weight of competition and technological change. Implementation of EU Directives has opened the telecoms market to competition and introduced a regulatory framework designed to foster effective competition. Alternative operators have launched competing services in the liberalised fixed-line voice market, with cable TV operators the most successful to date. They and the incumbent RomTelecom have invested in network capacity upgrades to accommodate customer demand for improved broadband services.

The mobile telecom market is served by five network operators utilising a mixture of technologies. High penetration has stymied further growth in the voice market though mobile data has considerable growth potential in coming years, fostered by investments by MNOs in network capacity as also in widening the reach of their LTE services. Competition has encouraged these providers to make services increasingly affordable.

Key developments:

RomTelecom to be renamed under Deutsche Telekom's T- brand; government makes third attempt to sell its 46% stake in RomTelecom; weakened currency contributing to decline in telecom market revenue; legislation passed to facilitate access to telco infrastructure; RomTelecom unites services under the Dolce brand; Vodafone launches its M-Pesa mobile banking service; RCS&RDS upgrades its mobile broadband speeds; regulator reduces fixed-line and mobile termination rates; Cosmote launches commercial LTE service; Ministry of Defence encouraged to release 800MHz and 2600MHz spectrum for commercial LTE; regulator auctions 4G frequencies; regulator awards licences for three multiplexes; UPC to extend 200Mb/s service across the network by end-2014; RCS&RDS launches 1Gb/s service; government secures €84 million EU funding to extend broadband to unconnected areas of the country; low rural PC use holds up broadband take-up; updates include the regulator's 2013 market data; telcos' operating and financial data to Q1 2014; market developments to mid-2014.

Companies and subsidiaries covered in this report include:

RCS & RDS, UPC Romania, GTS Telecom, RomTelecom, SN Radiocomunicatii, DigiTV, Boom TV, Dolce, Vodafone Romania, Orange Romania, Cosmote Romania, DigiMobil, Telemobil.
Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Table Of Contents

Romania - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts
1. Key Statistics
2. Telecommunications Market
2.1 Economic background
2.2 Overview of Romania's telecom market
3. Regulatory Environment
3.1 Overview
3.1.1 EU regulatory framework
3.1.2 Revised NFR
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.2.1 National Authority for Management and Regulation in Communications (ANCOM)
3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Romania
3.3.1 Privatisation
3.3.2 Access
3.3.3 Interconnect
3.3.4 Carrier Selection and Carrier PreSelection
3.3.5 Number Portability (NP)
4. Fixed Network Operators
4.1 Overview of operators
4.2 RomTelecom
4.3 Alternative operators
4.3.1 RCSandRDS
4.3.2 UPC
4.3.3 GTS Telecom
4.3.4 SN Radiocomunicatii (Radiocom)
5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.1.1 RomTelecom
5.1.2 Alternative operators
5.2 International infrastructure
6. Internet Market
6.1 Overview
6.2 Romania's emerging internet society
6.2.1 E-government
6.3 E-health
7. Broadband Market
7.1 Overview
7.2 Government programs
7.3 Fixed broadband statistics
7.4 Cable modems
7.5 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
7.6 Local Area Networks (LANs)
7.7 Fibre-to-the-Premise (FttP) networks
7.8 Wireless broadband
7.8.1 WiFi
7.8.2 WiMAX
7.9 Mobile broadband
8. Digital Media
8.1 Overview of digital media
8.2 Business models bundled services
8.3 Digital TV
8.3.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
8.3.2 Broadband TV (IPTV)
8.3.3 Cable TV (CATV)
8.3.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
9. Mobile Communications
9.1 Overview of Romania's mobile market
9.1.1 Mobile statistics
9.2 Regulatory issues
9.2.1 Third Generation (3G) licences
9.2.2 410MHz licence awarded
9.2.3 450MHz band
9.2.4 900MHz band
9.2.5 Multi-band spectrum auctions
9.2.6 2.5GHz band
9.2.7 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.2.8 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
9.2.9 Roaming
9.2.10 Network sharing
9.3 Mobile technologies
9.3.1 Third Generation (3G) mobile
9.4 Major mobile operators
9.4.1 Vodafone
9.4.2 Orange
9.4.3 Cosmote Romania/Cosmorom
9.4.4 DigiMobil
9.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
9.6 Mobile voice services
9.6.1 Prepaid services
9.7 Mobile data services
9.7.1 Short Message Service (SMS)/Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
9.7.2 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
9.7.3 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
9.7.4 Evolved High Speed Packet Access (HSPA+)
9.7.5 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
9.7.6 Broadband wireless data service (1x EV-DO)
9.7.7 Mobile TV
9.8 Mobile content and applications
9.8.1 Orange World
9.8.2 M-ticketing
9.8.3 M-banking
10. Forecasts
10.1 Fixed broadband forecasts 2010 - 2013; 2020
10.1.1 Scenario 1 stronger broadband subscriber growth
10.1.2 Scenario 2 slower broadband subscriber growth
Table 1 Country statistics 2013 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2013 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2014 (e)
Table 4 Broadband statistics 2014 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2014 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom market revenue (RON) 2006 - 2014
Table 8 Telecom market revenue () 2010 - 2014
Table 9 Telecom market investment (RON) 2005 - 2013
Table 10 Revenue change (from base price) for telecom services 2006 - 2010
Table 11 Revenue by telecom sector 2011 - 2012
Table 12 Wholesale lines available, by type 2008 - 2010
Table 13 Network interconnection rates 2006 - 2009
Table 14 CS and CPS providers, fixed network 2008 - 2013
Table 15 CS and CPS lines 2008 - 2013
Table 16 Annual fixed number portings 2008 - 2013
Table 17 Fixed number portings as share of total lines 2008 - 2013
Table 18 Fixed-line market share by traffic 2008 - 2012
Table 19 Fixed-line market share by subscribers 2008 - 2012
Table 20 Fixed-lines, by operator 2008 - 2012
Table 21 RomTelecom fixed-line revenue 2005 - 2014
Table 22 RomTelecom fixed-line telephony subscribers 2006 - 2014
Table 23 RomTelecom broadband and TV subscribers 2011 - 2014
Table 24 Historical Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) 2000 - 2004
Table 25 Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) 2005 - 2014
Table 26 Total international Internet bandwidth 2000 - 2012
Table 27 Fixed broadband traffic 2011 - 2013
Table 28 Internet users, subscribers and penetration 1999 - 2014
Table 29 Fixed broadband providers by access type 2008 - 2013
Table 30 Fixed broadband subscribers by access type 2008 - 2013
Table 31 Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by access type 2008 - 2013
Table 32 Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2002 - 2015
Table 33 Internet access revenue 2008 - 2013
Table 34 Fixed broadband subscribers by data speed 2011 - 2013
Table 35 Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed 2011 - 2013
Table 36 UPC Romania broadband subscribers 2006 - 2014
Table 37 Cable broadband subscribers by access type 2008 - 2013
Table 38 RomTelecom broadband subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 39 Fibre broadband subscribers by type 2011 - 2012
Table 40 WiFi hotspot locations 2008 - 2013
Table 41 Mobile broadband connections 2008 2013
Table 42 Mobile broadband penetration by connection type 2010 2012
Table 43 Mobile broadband traffic 2011 - 2013
Table 44 Revenue from audiovisual services 2008 - 2013
Table 45 Bundled service subscribers by type 2011 - 2012
Table 46 Digital TV subscribers by platform 2009 2013
Table 47 IPTV subscribers 2008 2014
Table 48 Cable TV providers 2011 - 2013
Table 49 CATV subscribers, analogue and digital 2008 2014
Table 50 UPC Romania homes passed 2006 - 2014
Table 51 UPC Romania subscribers by service type 2006 - 2014
Table 52 Satellite TV subscribers 2008 2014
Table 53 RomTelecom (Dolce) TV subscribers 2007 2014
Table 54 Overview of spectrum allocations
Table 55 Historic Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate 1997 - 2004
Table 56 Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate 2005 - 2015
Table 57 Mobile traffic 2009 - 2015
Table 58 Mobile market revenue 2008 - 2014
Table 59 Multi-spectrum auction results 2012
Table 60 Multi-spectrum auction results spectrum allocation 2012
Table 61 Mobile number portings 2008 - 2013
Table 62 MTRs 2008 - 2014
Table 63 European roaming charges 2007 - 2014
Table 64 Overview of mobile technologies by operator
Table 65 Vodafone subscribers and voice minutes 2008 - 2014
Table 66 Vodafone ARPU 2008 - 2014
Table 67 Vodafone revenue 2009 - 2013
Table 68 Orange subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 69 Orange annualised ARPU 2008 - 2014
Table 70 Orange mobile service revenue 2008 - 2014
Table 71 Cosmote Romania mobile financial data 2006 - 2014
Table 72 Cosmote Romania subscribers 2006 - 2013
Table 73 Cosmote Romania ARPU 2006 - 2013
Table 74 Zapp subscribers 2009 - 2010
Table 75 Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers 2000 - 2013
Table 76 Prepaid cards in service 2009 - 2013
Table 77 Vodafone prepaid subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 78 Cosmote Romania prepaid subscribers 2008 - 2012
Table 79 Total MMS messages sent 2008 - 2014
Table 80 Total SMS messages sent 2005 - 2014
Table 81 SMS messages sent per subscriber 2010 - 2013
Table 82 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers higher growth scenario 2010 - 2013; 2020
Table 83 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers lower growth scenario 2010 - 2013; 2020
Chart 1 Telecom market value (RON) 2006 2014
Chart 2 Wholesale lines available, by type 2008 - 2010
Chart 3 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2014
Chart 4 Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2002 2015
Chart 5 Cable broadband subscribers by access type 2008 2013
Chart 6 UPC subscribers by service type 2006 2014
Chart 7 Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate 2005 2015
Chart 8 Vodafone subscribers and voice minutes 2008 2014
Chart 9 Vodafone ARPU 2008 2014
Chart 10 Vodafone revenue 2009 2014
Exhibit 1 The EU regulatory framework for communications
Exhibit 2 Access, the local loop and unbundling an overview
Exhibit 3 Overview of digital media

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