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This BCC Research report provides an in-depth analysis of the world market for UV equipment across a range of applications, including the treatment of water (municipal and residential drinking water, pool and spa water, water for aquaculture and agriculture and industrial process water), municipal wastewater, food and beverage, and air and surface disinfection. The report includes market valuations and projections through the years 2015 to 2020.

Use this report to:

l Analyze the market for UV disinfection equipment by disinfection category.
l Analyze the technological aspects of air, water and surface treatment via UV light.
l Gain information about the individual disinfection treatment category in both quantitative and qualitative contexts.
l Identify relevant patents for UV disinfection equipment by categories, countries and duration.

Highlights

The global market for UV disinfection equipment will grow from nearly $1.4 billion in 2015 to nearly $2.8 billion by 2020 with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.6% for the period of 2015-2020.
Water as a segment will grow from $803 million in 2015 to nearly $1.5 billion by 2020 with a CAGR of 12.8%.
The wastewater sector is the second largest segment and will grow from $365 million in 2015 to $929 million by 2020 with a CAGR of 20.5%.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Water and air are basic human necessities. Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection technologies continue to play an increasingly influential role in ensuring the delivery of safe drinking water to more of the global population. However, the journey of its acceptance has been far from smooth. Ultraviolet technologies had to contend with a formidable adversary in the form of chlorination, and more critically, misconceptions about effects of exposure to ultraviolet light. Stakeholders associated with ultraviolet disinfection have done commendable work to dispel most of these misunderstandings.

The path of ultraviolet technologies in water-related disinfection continues to become smoother.
This report highlights the fact that ultraviolet technologies can enter each reuse and recycling of water, including extremely contaminated wastewater in an efficient and cost-effective manner.

Ultraviolet disinfection technology stakeholders now have their task cut out regarding air and surface purification technical and perception challenges. The technical challenge relates to the amount of dosage and exposure permissible for human beings.

The perception challenge is educating people about the acuteness of indoor air pollution. While the operating principles of ultraviolet disinfection remain consistent in air, water and surface targets, it has a long way to go before ultraviolet technology can contribute meaningfully to air and surface disinfection.

This report is an update of IAS037B, which was published in 2013. The global ultraviolet disinfection technology market is vibrant, and poised to grow during the forecast period from 2015 to 2020.

This BCC Research report provides an in-depth analysis of the world market for UV equipment across a range of applications, including the treatment of water (municipal and residential drinking water, pool and spa water, water for aquaculture and agriculture and industrial process water), municipal wastewater, food and beverage, and air and surface disinfection. A detailed discussion of each of these end uses includes market size estimates and forecast growth rates for the five-year period from 2015 to 2020. For the largest markets, North America, Asia-Pacific and Europe regions, this report also examines market values and growth estimates.

It also analyzes 12 individual country markets, the U.S., Canada, Mexico, U.K., Germany, France, Russia,
Australia, Japan, Korea, China and India, and forecasts the market size for them individually.

Technical and market drivers are considered in evaluating the current worth of the markets and in forecasting growth and trends over the next five years. The conclusions are illustrated with statistical information on markets, applications, industry structure and dynamics along with technological developments.

Table Of Contents

Ultraviolet (UV) Disinfection Equipment: Major Applications and Global Markets
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 3
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
SCOPE AND FORMAT OF REPORT 3
METHODOLOGY 4
INFORMATION SOURCES 5
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 5
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 5
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 5
DISCLAIMER 6
CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 8
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 8
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY END USE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 8
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY END
USE, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 8
REGULATOR INTEREST 11
CHALLENGES AND BREAKTHROUGHS 11
MANAGING APPREHENSIONS 12
EMERGING APPLICATIONS 12
CONCLUSION 12
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW OF UV DISINFECTION 14
DEFINITION 14
OVERVIEW 14
TABLE 1 CATEGORIES OF UV LIGHT 14
TABLE 2 A BRIEF TIMELINE OF UV TECHNOLOGY 14
APPLICATIONS FOR UV 16
TABLE 3 APPLICATIONS FOR UV 16
FACTORS DRIVING GROWTH OF THE UV EQUIPMENT MARKET 16
REGULATIONS 16
SUPERIOR EFFICACY 17
SUPPORT FOR REUSABILITY 17
CHLORINE-FREE OPERATIONS 17
UV EQUIPMENT 18
TABLE 4 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 18
UV LAMPS 18
TABLE 5 UV LAMP TYPES 19
Mercury Vapor Lamps 19
Low-Pressure Mercury UV Lamps 20
Low-Pressure, High-Output Lamps or Low-Pressure, High-Output
Amalgam Lamps 20
Medium-Pressure Mercury UV Lamps 20
TABLE 6 TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MERCURY UV LAMPS 21
Metal Halide Lamps 22
Xenon Lamps 22
Excimer Lamps 22
Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) 22
LAMP BALLASTS 22
TABLE 7 COMPARISON OF MAGNETIC AND ELECTRONIC BALLASTS 23
LAMP SLEEVES 23
Cleaning Systems for Lamp Sleeves 24
SENSORS 24
UVT ANALYZERS 25
OTHER 25
REACTORS 25
Lamp Configuration 26
Water Flow 26
HOW UV WORKS 26
DOSAGE 27
TABLE 8 UV DOSAGE REQUIRED FOR 99.9% DISINFECTION OF VARIOUS BACTERIA
(MICROWATTS-S/CM2 AT 254 NM) 27
TABLE 9 UV DOSAGE REQUIRED FOR 99.9% DISINFECTION OF VARIOUS MOLD
SPORES (MICROWATTS-S/CM2 AT 254 NM) 29
TABLE 10 UV DOSAGE REQUIRED FOR 99.9% DISINFECTION OF VARIOUS
PROTOZOA AND ALGAE (MICROWATTS-S/CM2 AT 254 NM) 29
TABLE 11 UV DOSAGE REQUIRED FOR 99.9% DISINFECTION OF VARIOUS VIRUSES
(MICROWATTS-S/CM2 AT 254 NM) 30
TABLE 12 UV DOSAGE REQUIRED FOR 99.9% DISINFECTION OF VARIOUS YEASTS
(MICROWATTS-S/CM2 AT 254 NM) 30
MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR UV UNITS 30
LAMP CLEANING AND REPLACEMENT 31
PERFORMANCE MONITORING 31
TRENDS AND TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENTS 32
MICROWAVE UV LAMPS 32
Advantages 33
Disadvantages 33
LED LAMPS 33
ADVANCED OXIDATION PROCESSES (AOPS) 34
Advantages and Drawbacks of AOPs 35
PULSED UV 35
Applications of Pulsed UV 36
BALLAST WATER DISINFECTION 36
TABLE 13 IMO STANDARDS FOR DISCHARGED BALLAST WATER 37
EMERGING CONTAMINANTS 37
UV AOPs for EC Destruction 38
TABLE 14 OXIDATION POTENTIALS OF COMMON OXIDANTS USED IN WATER
TREATMENT 38
CHAPTER 4 GLOBAL MARKET AND DISINFECTION CATEGORIES 40
WATER TREATMENT 40
TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT IN WATER TREATMENT BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 40
TABLE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT IN WATER TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 41
OVERVIEW 42
Municipal Drinking Water Treatment 42
UV Lamps 42
Reactor Types 43
Advantages of UV to Drinking Water Treatment 43
Disadvantages of UV to Drinking Water Treatment 44
Cost, Effectiveness of UV Irradiation 44
Residential Water Treatment 44
Residential UV Equipment 45
Commercial Water Treatment 45
Pool and Spa Water Treatment 45
Water for Agriculture and Aquaculture 46
Process Water Treatment 46
Compendial Water 46
Ultrapure Microelectronics-grade Water 47
Other Process Water 47
WASTEWATER TREATMENT 48
TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 48
OVERVIEW 49
Wastewater Treatment 49
Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Treatment 50
Wastewater Reuse 50
Low-quality Wastewater Disinfection 50
TABLE 18 UV TRANSMISSION WITH VARIOUS WATER TYPES (%) 51
SSOs, CSOs and Blended Effluent 51
Benefits and Drawbacks of UV in Wastewater Treatment 52
UV Equipment 52
FOOD AND BEVERAGE DISINFECTION 52
TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT IN THE FOOD AND BEVERAGE
INDUSTRY BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 52
OVERVIEW 53
TABLE 20 APPLICATIONS FOR UV IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY 53
Advantages and Disadvantages of UV in the Food and Beverage
Sector 54
Bottled Water and Other Beverages 54
Process Water Reuse 54
Flavoring Syrups 55
Marinades and Brines 55
Surface Disinfection of Foods 55
Meat, Poultry and Seafood 55
Eggshells 55
Milk 55
Produce 56
Surface Disinfection of Production Areas, Equipment and Packaging 56
AIR TREATMENT 57
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT IN AIR TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 57
OVERVIEW 58
Indoor Air Pollution 58
TABLE 22 INDOOR AIR POLLUTANTS 58
EQUIPMENT FOR INDOOR AIR TREATMENT 59
TABLE 23 UVGI SYSTEM TYPES 59
UVGI LAMP TYPES 60
Configuration 60
APPLICATIONS FOR UV AIR DISINFECTION 61
Hospitals 61
TABLE 24 NOSOCOMIAL AGENTS WITH POTENTIAL FOR AIRBORNE TRANSMISSION 61
Residential and Commercial 63
Cleanrooms 63
Electric Utilities 63
Transportation 63
Bioterror Agents 63
SURFACE DISINFECTION 64
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT IN SURFACE DISINFECTION BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 64
OVERVIEW 65
Applications 65
TABLE 26 APPLICATIONS FOR UV IN SURFACE DISINFECTION 65
Medical and Dental Equipment Sterilization 66
Operating Theaters 66
Catheter Access Sites 66
HVAC Cooling Coils and Drain Pans 66
Mold Inhibition and Remediation 67
Small Appliances 67
CHAPTER 5 GLOBAL MARKET AND REGIONAL ANALYSIS 69
REGIONS 69
TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS) 69
NORTH AMERICA 70
TABLE 28 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 70
Implications for UV Disinfection Technology 71
TABLE 29 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WATER
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE , THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 71
TABLE 30 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WASTEWATER
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 31 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN FOOD AND
BEVERAGE TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 32 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN INDOOR AIR
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 73
TABLE 33 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN SURFACE
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 73
EUROPE 75
TABLE 34 EUROPE MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
($ MILLIONS) 75
Implications for UV Disinfection Technology 76
TABLE 35 EUROPE MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WATER TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 36 EUROPE MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WASTEWATER
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 37 EUROPE MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN FOOD AND BEVERAGE
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 38 EUROPE MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN INDOOR AIR TREATMENT
BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 39 EUROPE MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN SURFACE TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 78
ASIA-PACIFIC 79
TABLE 40 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 79
Implications for UV Disinfection Technology 80
TABLE 41 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WATER TREATMENT
BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 42 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WASTEWATER
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 81
TABLE 43 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN FOOD AND
BEVERAGE TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 81
TABLE 44 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN INDOOR AIR
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 45 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN SURFACE
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 82
REST OF WORLD 84
TABLE 46 ROW MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 84
Implications for UV Disinfection Technology 85
TABLE 47 ROW MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WATER TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 85
TABLE 48 ROW MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT
BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 85
TABLE 49 ROW MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN FOOD AND BEVERAGE
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 86
TABLE 50 ROW MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN INDOOR AIR TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 86
TABLE 51 ROW MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN SURFACE TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 87
COUNTRY PROFILES 88
U.S. 88
TABLE 52 U.S. MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 88
Macroeconomic Overview 89
UV-specific Developments and Analysis 89
TABLE 53 NSF STANDARDS 90
CANADA 91
TABLE 54 CANADA MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT
TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 91
Macroeconomic Overview 91
UV-specific Developments and Analysis 91
MEXICO 92
TABLE 55 MEXICO MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT
TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 92
Macroeconomic Overview 92
UV-specific Developments and Analysis 92
U.K. 93
TABLE 56 U.K. MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 93
Macroeconomic Overview 93
UV-specific Developments and Analysis 93
GERMANY 94
TABLE 57 GERMANY MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT
TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 94
Macroeconomic Overview 94
UV-specific Developments and Analysis 94
FRANCE 95
TABLE 58 FRANCE MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT
TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 95
Macroeconomic Overview 95
UV-specific Developments and Analysis 96
RUSSIA 96
TABLE 59 RUSSIA MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT
TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 96
Macroeconomic Overview 96
UV-specific Developments and Analysis 97
AUSTRALIA 97
TABLE 60 AUSTRALIA MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT
TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 97
Macroeconomic Overview 97
UV-specific Developments and Analysis 98
JAPAN 98
TABLE 61 JAPAN MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 98
Macroeconomic Overview 98
UV-specific Developments and Analysis 99
SOUTH KOREA 99
TABLE 62 SOUTH KOREA FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 99
Macroeconomic Overview 100
UV-specific Developments and Analysis 100
CHINA 100
TABLE 63 CHINA MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 100
Macroeconomic Overview 101
UV-specific Developments and Analysis 101
INDIA 102
TABLE 64 INDIA MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 102
Macroeconomic Overview 102
UV-specific Developments and Analysis 102
CHAPTER 6 STAKEHOLDER ANALYSIS 105
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 105
DIVERSIFIED CONGLOMERATES 106
SINGLE-PRODUCT SPECIALISTS 106
LAMP AND OTHER ASSORTED COMPONENT SPECIALISTS 106
COMPANY PROFILES 107
ABIOTEC UV TECHNOLOGY 107
ADVANCED UV, INC. 108
AIR OASIS 108
ALFA LAVAL 109
ALLERAIR INDUSTRIES 110
AMERICAN AIR and WATER 110
AMERICAN ULTRAVIOLET 110
AQUIONICS 111
Municipal Drinking Water Systems 111
Municipal Wastewater and Reuse Systems 111
Industrial Systems 112
ATLANTIC ULTRAVIOLET CORP. 112
ATLANTIUM TECHNOLOGY LTD. 113
AUSTRALIAN ULTRA VIOLET SERVICES (OPERATIONS) PTY LTD. 114
BIO-UV 114
CALGON CARBON CORP. 115
Calgon Carbon Systems 115
Wastewater Treatment Systems 116
CARRIER CORP. 116
CLEAN WATER SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL (CWS) 116
CULLIGAN INTERNATIONAL 117
DIEAU-EDAFIM 117
DUST FREE 118
EMPEROR AQUATICS INC. (NOW PENTAIR AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS) 118
ESPRING 119
ETA PLUS ELECTRONIC GMBH 120
EUREKA FORBES LTD. 120
FIELD CONTROLS 120
FIRST LIGHT TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 121
GE LIGHTING 121
GERMITEC 122
GREENWAY WATER TECHNOLOGIES 122
HERAEUS NOBLELIGHT 122
HYDRO-PHOTON INC. 123
LIGHT PROGRESS 123
LIGHT SOURCES, INC. 124
LIT TECHNOLOGY 124
LIT Systems 125
LUMALIER CORPORATION 125
NATURE FLOW SYSTEMS PTY. LTD, 126
NEOTEC UV 126
NEPTUNE BENSON 127
OSRAM 128
OZONIA NORTH AMERICA 129
PANASIA CO., LTD. 129
PHILIPS 130
REMOTE LIGHT, INC. (RLI) 130
SENTRY ULTRAVIOLET, INC. 131
SITA SRL 131
STERIBEAM SYSTEMS GMBH 132
STERIL-AIRE INC. 133
Steril-Aire Systems 133
SUREPURE 134
SVAROG 134
TROJAN UV 135
Drinking Water Systems 135
Wastewater Systems 136
Environmental Contaminant Treatment Systems 136
Aquafine 136
Viqua 137
TROJAN MARINEX 138
ULTRAAQUA 138
Ultraaqua Systems 138
ULTRAVIOLET DEVICES INC. (UVDI) 139
USHIO, INC. 139
UV DYNAMICS 140
UV PURE 140
UV-TECHNIK 141
WARTSILA 141
WATERHEALTH INTERNATIONAL 141
WATERLOGIC INTERNATIONAL 142
Waterlogic Systems 142
WATERWISE INC. 143
XYLEM WATER SOLUTIONS (ACQUIRER OF WEDECO) 143
Wedeco Lamps 144
WONDER LIGHT INDUSTRY MACHINERY ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS 144
XENON CORP. 145
CHAPTER 7 U.S. PATENT ANALYSIS 147
INTRODUCTION 147
TRENDS BY CATEGORY 147
AIR DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION 148
AIR AND SURFACE DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION 148
FOOD AND BEVERAGE DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION 148
SURFACE DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION 149
WASTEWATER AND BALLAST DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION 150
WATER DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION 150
WATER AND WASTEWATER DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION 151
TABLE 65 U.S. PATENTS ON UV DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION TECHNOLOGIES
BY CATEGORY, 1976-SEPTEMBER 2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 152
TRENDS BY YEAR 152
TABLE 66 U.S. PATENTS RELATED TO UV DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION
TECHNOLOGIES BY YEAR, 1976-SEPTEMBER 2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 152
TRENDS BY COUNTRY 153
TABLE 67 U.S. PATENTS RELATED TO UV DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION
TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY, 1976-SEPTEMBER 2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS/%) 153
TRENDS BY ASSIGNEE 154
TABLE 68 ASSIGNEES WITH THREE OR MORE U.S. PATENTS ON UV DISINFECTION
AND STERILIZATION TECHNOLOGIES, 1976-SEPTEMBER 2015 (NUMBER OF
PATENTS)
154
TABLE 69 PATENT ASSIGNEES ON UV DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION
TECHNOLOGIES, 1976-SEPTEMBER 2015 156

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY END USE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 8
TABLE 1 CATEGORIES OF UV LIGHT 14
TABLE 2 A BRIEF TIMELINE OF UV TECHNOLOGY 14
TABLE 3 APPLICATIONS FOR UV 16
TABLE 4 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 18
TABLE 5 UV LAMP TYPES 19
TABLE 6 TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MERCURY UV LAMPS 21
TABLE 7 COMPARISON OF MAGNETIC AND ELECTRONIC BALLASTS 23
TABLE 8 UV DOSAGE REQUIRED FOR 99.9% DISINFECTION OF VARIOUS BACTERIA
(MICROWATTS-S/CM2 AT 254 NM) 27
TABLE 9 UV DOSAGE REQUIRED FOR 99.9% DISINFECTION OF VARIOUS MOLD
SPORES (MICROWATTS-S/CM2 AT 254 NM) 29
TABLE 10 UV DOSAGE REQUIRED FOR 99.9% DISINFECTION OF VARIOUS PROTOZOA
AND ALGAE (MICROWATTS-S/CM2 AT 254 NM) 29
TABLE 11 UV DOSAGE REQUIRED FOR 99.9% DISINFECTION OF VARIOUS VIRUSES
(MICROWATTS-S/CM2 AT 254 NM) 30
TABLE 12 UV DOSAGE REQUIRED FOR 99.9% DISINFECTION OF VARIOUS YEASTS
(MICROWATTS-S/CM2 AT 254 NM) 30
TABLE 13 IMO STANDARDS FOR DISCHARGED BALLAST WATER 37
TABLE 14 OXIDATION POTENTIALS OF COMMON OXIDANTS USED IN WATER
TREATMENT 38
TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT IN WATER TREATMENT BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 40
TABLE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT IN WATER TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 41
TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 48
TABLE 18 UV TRANSMISSION WITH VARIOUS WATER TYPES (%) 51
TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT IN THE FOOD AND BEVERAGE
INDUSTRY BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 52
TABLE 20 APPLICATIONS FOR UV IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY 53
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT IN AIR TREATMENT BY COMPONENT
TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 57
TABLE 22 INDOOR AIR POLLUTANTS 58
TABLE 23 UVGI SYSTEM TYPES 59
TABLE 24 NOSOCOMIAL AGENTS WITH POTENTIAL FOR AIRBORNE TRANSMISSION 61
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT IN SURFACE DISINFECTION BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 64
TABLE 26 APPLICATIONS FOR UV IN SURFACE DISINFECTION 65
TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS) 69
TABLE 28 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 70
TABLE 29 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WATER
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE , THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 71
TABLE 30 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WASTEWATER
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 31 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN FOOD AND
BEVERAGE TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 32 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN INDOOR AIR
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 73
TABLE 33 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN SURFACE
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 73
TABLE 34 EUROPE MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 35 EUROPE MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WATER TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 36 EUROPE MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT
BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 37 EUROPE MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN FOOD AND BEVERAGE
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 38 EUROPE MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN INDOOR AIR TREATMENT
BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 39 EUROPE MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN SURFACE TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 40 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 41 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WATER TREATMENT
BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 42 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WASTEWATER
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 81
TABLE 43 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN FOOD AND BEVERAGE
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 81
TABLE 44 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN INDOOR AIR
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 45 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN SURFACE TREATMENT
BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 46 ROW MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 84
TABLE 47 ROW MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WATER TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 85
TABLE 48 ROW MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 85
TABLE 49 ROW MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN FOOD AND BEVERAGE
TREATMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 86
TABLE 50 ROW MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN INDOOR AIR TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 86
TABLE 51 ROW MARKET FOR UV EQUIPMENT USED IN SURFACE TREATMENT BY
COMPONENT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 87
TABLE 52 U.S. MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 88
TABLE 53 NSF STANDARDS 90
TABLE 54 CANADA MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT
TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 91
TABLE 55 MEXICO MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 92
TABLE 56 U.K. MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 93
TABLE 57 GERMANY MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT
TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 94
TABLE 58 FRANCE MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 95
TABLE 59 RUSSIA MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 96
TABLE 60 AUSTRALIA MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT
TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 97
TABLE 61 JAPAN MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 62 SOUTH KOREA FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 99
TABLE 63 CHINA MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 100
TABLE 64 INDIA MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY COMPONENT TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 102
TABLE 65 U.S. PATENTS ON UV DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION TECHNOLOGIES
BY CATEGORY, 1976-SEPTEMBER 2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 152
TABLE 66 U.S. PATENTS RELATED TO UV DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION
TECHNOLOGIES BY YEAR, 1976-SEPTEMBER 2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 152
TABLE 67 U.S. PATENTS RELATED TO UV DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION
TECHNOLOGIES BY COUNTRY, 1976-SEPTEMBER 2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS/%) 153
TABLE 68 ASSIGNEES WITH THREE OR MORE U.S. PATENTS ON UV DISINFECTION
AND STERILIZATION TECHNOLOGIES, 1976-SEPTEMBER 2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 154
TABLE 69 PATENT ASSIGNEES ON UV DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION
TECHNOLOGIES, 1976-SEPTEMBER 2015 156

SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR UV DISINFECTION EQUIPMENT BY END USE,
2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)

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