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US Water Treatment Chemicals Market

  • July 2015
  • -
  • Freedonia
  • -
  • 280 pages

US demand to grow 3.2% annually through 2019

Demand for water treatment chemicals in the US is forecast to rise 3.2 percent per year to $7.3 billion in 2019, representing 15.6 billion pounds. Rising demand will be supported by the increase in water recycling and reuse, both processes that typically needs more aggressive chemical treatment than fresh supply water or wastewater being treated for disposal. Increasing reliance on membranes and other types of water treatment equipment that work best when the water has been pretreated with chemicals will also support demand. Additionally, tighter standards for process water and waste-water quality, and concerns about the environmental impact of certain chemicals, will continue to favor more expensive specialty chemicals that can be used in lower doses and are less hazardous.

Changing disinfectant regulations to slow biocide demand

The increased adoption of water treatment equipment has also impacted the market for water treatment chemicals. While growth in biocide demand will be limited by the increased use of disinfection equipment, demand for other water treatment chemicals such as corrosion and scale inhibitors, foam control agents, and chelating agents will be supported by the increased use of equipment that requires pretreatment of the water with chemicals in order to maintain efficiency and prevent damage. The growing use of membranes, in particular, will support demand for coagulants and flocculants.

While demand for most water treatment chemicals is expected to rise at a healthy pace, growth in biocide sales will con-tinue to be much slower. In addition to the negative impact of the rising use of disinfection equipment, biocide demand growth will be restrained by changing regulations and public opinion. In the municipal market, disinfection byproduct regulations have led to a decline in biocide use, although some biocides will continue to be necessary to meet residual disinfection requirements. In other mar-kets, rising standards for process water will also restrain biocide demand, since biocides can be considered contaminants.

Municipal, manufacturing markets to remain largest

Among the major markets for water treatment chemicals, the municipal and manufacturing markets will continue to represent the bulk of demand. The mature municipal market will exhibit steady gains going forward, on pace with the increases seen over the previous decade, as municipal water use trends tend to be stable and slow to change. Additionally, water treatment operators are more price sensitive and often slow to adopt new technologies unless prompted to do so by changing regulations. The manufacturing and electric power generation markets are expected to show improved growth over the more limited gains seen in the 2009-2014 period. The increasing adoption of more expensive, more efficient chemicals will offset efforts to limit chemical usage due to more stringent standards for pro-cess water and wastewater.

The energy and mining and mineral pro-cessing markets are also forecast to post strong gains going forward, supported by industry efforts to reuse water, as well as tighter restrictions on treated wastewater in some states. Demand for water treat-ment chemicals in commercial and insti-tutional, consumer, and other markets will rise at a more limited pace, though gains in the consumer market will repre-sent an improvement over previous years.

Study coverage

This upcoming industry study, Water Treatment Chemicals, presents historical demand data (2004, 2009 and 2014) plus forecasts for 2019 and 2024 by product, application and market. The study also assesses key market environment factors, examines the industry structure, evaluates company market share and profiles key players in the US industry.

Table Of Contents

US Water Treatment Chemicals Market
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION X
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1
II. MARKET ENVIRONMENT 4
General 4
Demographic Trends 5
Macroeconomic Outlook 8
Manufacturing Outlook 12
Pulp and Paper Outlook 16
Chemical Outlook 19
Metals Outlook 22
Food and Beverage Outlook 24
Electricity Generation 27
Oil and Natural Gas Outlook 30
Petroleum Refining Outlook 34
Water Use Trends 36
Electric Utilities 37
Manufacturing and Mining 38
Municipal 40
Environmental and Regulatory Issues 41
Water Pollution 42
Waterborne Diseases 44
Regulations 45
Water Treatment Overview 49
Pricing and Product Mix 52
Historical Market Trends 54
International Activity and Foreign Trade 56
III. MARKETS 58
General 58
Municipal 61
Potable Water 64
Wastewater 66
Manufacturing 68
Pulp and Paper 71
Chemical Processing 75
Metals 79
Food and Beverage Processing 82
Pharmaceuticals 86
Other Manufacturing Markets 89
Energy 91
Petroleum Refining 93
Oil and Gas 94
Other Energy Markets 98
Consumer 100
Mining and Mineral Processing 103
Electric Power Generation 106
Commercial and Institutional 109
Other Markets 112
IV. APPLICATIONS 115
General 115
Potable Water 117
Process Water 119
Cooling Water 121
Boiler Water 123
Other Process Water 125
Wastewater 127
Other Applications 129
V. PRODUCTS 131
General 131
Corrosion and Scale Inhibitors 134
Molybdates 138
Phosphates 139
Phosphonates 141
Nitrites 142
Polymers 144
Other Corrosion and Scale Inhibitors 146
Biocides 148
Chlorine Derivatives 152
Chlorine 153
Bromine Derivatives 155
Other Biocides 156
Coagulants and Flocculants 158
Metallic Salts 162
Polymers 163
Other Coagulants and Flocculants 165
pH Control Agents 167
Bases 169
Acids 171
Foam Control Agents 172
Other Water Treatment Chemicals 176
Fluoridation Chemicals 177
Chelating Agents 179
Oxygen Scavengers 181
All Other Water Treatment Chemicals 183
VI. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 185
General 185
Market Share 187
Industry Restructuring 191
Competitive Strategies 194
Research and Development 194
Low Cost Position 195
Focus Strategies 196
Cooperative Agreements 197
Marketing and Distribution 199
Company Profiles 202
Akzo Nobel NV 203
Albemarle Corporation 205
ALTIVIA Chemicals LLC 208
Arch Chemicals, see Lonza Group
Ashland Incorporated 209
Axiall Corporation 210
Baker Hughes Incorporated 212
BASF SE 214
Berwind Corporation 216
BioLab, see KIK Custom Products
Buckman Laboratories International Incorporated 219
BWA Water Additives UK, see Berwind
Cargill Incorporated 221
Chemours Company 223
Chemtrade Logistics Income Fund 225
ChemTreat, see Danaher
Chemtura Corporation 227
Danaher Corporation 229
Dow Chemical Company 231
DuPont (EI) de Nemours 234
Easy 1 2 3 Pool Care, see KIK Custom Products
Ecolab Incorporated 235
Evonik Industries AG 238
FMC Corporation 240
GE Water and Process Technologies, see General Electric
General Chemical Holding, see Chemtrade Logistics
Income Fund
General Electric Company 242
GEO Specialty Chemicals Incorporated 246
Great Lakes Solutions, see Chemtura
K+S AG 248
KA Steel Chemicals, see Olin
Kemira Oyj 250
KIK Custom Products Incorporated 253
LANXESS AG 256
Lonza Group Limited 258
Martinswerk, see Albemarle
Morton Salt, see K+S
Nalco Holding, see Ecolab
Occidental Petroleum Corporation 262
Olin Corporation 264
Ovivo Incorporated 267
OxyChem, see Occidental Petroleum
PeroxyChem LLC 269
Rhein Chemie Additives, see LANXESS
SNF SAS 271
Solenis LLC 273
Tronox Limited 275
Veolia Environnement SA 277
Wujin Fine Chemical Factory Company Limited 279

LIST OF TABLES
SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Summary Table 3
SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 Population and Households 8
2 Macroeconomic Indicators 12
3 Manufacturers' Shipments 16
4 Paper, Paperboard, and Pulp Production 19
5 Chemical Product Shipments 22
6 Metals Industry Outlook 24
7 Food and Beverage Shipments 27
8 Electricity Generation 30
9 Oil and Gas Production and Consumption 33
10 Refined Petroleum Products Supply and Demand 35
11 Water Use Trends 37
12 Electric Power Generation Water Use 38
13 Manufacturing and Mining Water Use 40
14 Municipal Water Use 41
15 Water Treatment Product Demand 52
16 Water Treatment Chemical Pricing 54
17 Water Treatment Chemical Market, 2004-2014 56
SECTION III -- MARKETS
1 Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Market 60
2 Municipal Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 64
3 Municipal Potable Water Market for Water Treatment
Chemicals 66
4 Municipal Wastewater Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 68
5 Manufacturing Markets for Water Treatment Chemicals 70
6 Pulp and Paper Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 74
7 Chemical Processing Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 78
8 Metals Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 81
9 Food and Beverage Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 85
10 Pharmaceuticals Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 88
11 Other Manufacturing Markets for Water Treatment Chemicals 90
12 Energy Markets for Water Treatment Chemicals 92
13 Petroleum Refining Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 94
14 Oil and Gas Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 98
15 Other Energy Markets for Water Treatment Chemicals 100
16 Consumer Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 102
17 Mining and Mineral Processing Market for Water Treatment
Chemicals 105
18 Electric Power Generation Market for Water Treatment
Chemicals 108
19 Commercial and Institutional Markets for Water Treatment
Chemicals 111
20 Other Markets for Water Treatment Chemicals 114
SECTION IV -- APPLICATIONS
1 Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Application 116
2 Potable Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Product 119
3 Process Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Application
and Product 121
4 Cooling Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Product 123
5 Boiler Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Product 125
6 Other Process Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Product 127
7 Wastewater Treatment Chemical Demand by Product 129
8 Water Treatment Chemical Demand in Other Applications by
Product 130
SECTION V -- PRODUCTS
1 Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Product 132
2 Corrosion and Scale Inhibitor Demand in Water Treatment 136
3 Molybdate Corrosion and Scale Inhibitor Demand in Water
Treatment 139
4 Phosphate Corrosion and Scale Inhibitor Demand in Water
Treatment 141
5 Phosphonate Corrosion and Scale Inhibitor Demand in Water
Treatment 142
6 Nitrite Corrosion and Scale Inhibitor Demand in Water
Treatment 144
7 Polymer Corrosion and Scale Inhibitor Demand in Water
Treatment 145
8 Other Corrosion and Scale Inhibitor Demand in Water Treatment 147
9 Biocide Demand in Water Treatment 150
10 Chlorine Derivative Demand in Water Treatment 153
11 Chlorine Demand in Water Treatment 154
12 Bromine Derivative Demand in Water Treatment 156
13 Other Biocide Demand in Water Treatment 158
14 Coagulant and Flocculant Demand in Water Treatment 160
15 Metallic Salt Coagulant and Flocculant Demand in Water
Treatment 163
16 Polymer Coagulant and Flocculant Demand in Water Treatment 165
17 Other Coagulant and Flocculant Demand in Water Treatment 166
18 pH Control Agent Demand in Water Treatment 168
19 Base pH Control Agent Demand in Water Treatment 170
20 Acid pH Control Agent Demand in Water Treatment 172
21 Foam Control Agent Demand in Water Treatment 175
22 Other Water Treatment Chemical Demand 177
23 Fluoridation Chemical Demand in Water Treatment 179
24 Chelating Agent Demand in Water Treatment 181
25 Oxygen Scavenger Demand in Water Treatment 183
26 All Other Water Treatment Chemical Demand 184
SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 US Water Treatment Chemical Sales by Company, 2014 186
2 Selected Acquisitions and Divestitures 193
3 Selected Cooperative Agreements 199

LIST OF CHARTS
SECTION III -- MARKETS
1 Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Market, 2014 61
2 Manufacturing Markets for Water Treatment Chemicals, 2014 71
SECTION IV -- APPLICATIONS
1 Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Application, 2014 117
SECTION V -- PRODUCTS
1 Water Treatment Chemical Demand: Volume and Value, 2014 133
2 Corrosion and Scale Inhibitor Demand: Volume and Value, 2014 137
3 Biocide Demand: Volume and Value, 2014 151
4 Coagulant and Flocculant Demand: Volume and Value, 2014 161
SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 US Water Treatment Chemical Market Share, 2014 188

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