US Water Treatment Chemicals Market

  • September 2013
  • -
  • Freedonia
  • -
  • 273 pages

US demand to rise 3.2% annually through 2017

Demand for water treatment chemicals in the US is forecast to rise 3.2 percent per year to $6.6 billion (15.2 billion pounds) in 2017. Gains will reflect not only healthy demand growth in the oil, gas, and mining markets, and a rebound in manufacturing water treatment chemical demand, but also the increased use of scale control and other water treatment chemical products that can protect companies’ investments in water treat¬ment equipment. A shift in product mix favoring more efficient and less hazard¬ous chemicals that have higher prices will also promote growth in dollar terms. In addition, chemical demand will be aided by efforts to recycle water, as water treated for reuse generally needs greater conditioning than fresh supply water.

Scale, foam control agents to be fastest growing types

Increasing investment in water treatment equipment going forward will be gener¬ally supportive of greater water treatment chemical consumption as companies seek to avoid fouling, scale, foam, and corrosion to maximize equipment life and operating efficiency. Scale control agents are expected to show the fastest growth through 2017, followed by foam control agents. In addition to the boost from increased use of water treatment equip¬ment, demand for these products will be supported by a shift to more expensive chemicals and increased water recycling activities. Biocide demand growth, however, will be restrained by the rising use of disinfection equipment.

Mature product segments to see more modest growth

The larger, more mature categories of water treatment chemicals are expected to show more modest growth, with gains driven by trends in equipment use, water use and recycling, and changes in product mix. The use of higher-value coagulants and flocculants will be supported by greater use of membrane separation systems, and by an increased emphasis on reducing sludge volumes. Corrosion inhibitor market value is expected to recover from the price declines of the 2007-2012 period; going forward, demand for these products will be aided by increased oil and gas production, and by gains in manufacturing output. Demand for pH control agents will be supported by water recycling efforts; however, the declining use of alum as a coagulant and the dependence on inexpensive commodity chemicals for pH adjustment will slow growth for these products. US EPA rules are expected to reduce biocide use in the municipal market, particularly as disinfection equipment can lower chemical use. The increased presence of disinfection equipment in other markets will also serve to restrain demand for biocides.

Mining, energy markets to offer best growth prospects

The mining and energy markets are projected to show the fastest growth through 2017. In the mining market, an expected increase in mine output and a continued emphasis on wastewater remediation will support gains in water treatment chemical demand. In the energy markets, the primary driver will be the rise in oil and gas production from hydraulic fracturing activities, which require large volumes of water. Industry efforts to reuse water, as well as tighter restrictions on treated wastewater in some states, will also further growth. The manufacturing markets are expected to recover from the 2007-2012 period, when manufacturing activities were hampered by the struggling economy.

Study coverage

This upcoming Freedonia industry study, Water Treatment Chemicals, is priced at $4900. It presents historical demand data for 2002, 2007, and 2012, plus forecasts for 2017 and 2022 by product, applica¬tion and market. The study also considers market environment factors, evaluates company market share and profiles 31 US industry competitors.

Table Of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION ix

I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1

II. MARKET ENVIRONMENT 4

General 4
Demographic Trends 5
Macroeconomic Outlook 8
Manufacturing Outlook 12
Pulp and Paper Outlook 15
Chemical Outlook 19
Metals Outlook 22
Food and Beverage Outlook 24
Electricity Generation 27
Oil and Natural Gas Outlook 29
Petroleum Refining Outlook 32
Water Use Trends 34
Electric Utilities 36
Industrial 38
Municipal 39
Environmental and Regulatory Issues 40
Water Pollution 41
Waterborne Diseases 43
Regulations 44
Water Treatment Overview 48
Pricing and Product Mix 51
Historical Market Trends 53
International Activity and Foreign Trade 55

III. MARKETS 57

General 57
Municipal 60
Potable Water 63
Wastewater 64
Manufacturing 66
Pulp and Paper 69
Chemical Processing 73
Metals 77
Food and Beverage Processing 80
Pharmaceuticals 84
Other Manufacturing 87
Energy 89
Petroleum Refining 91
Other Energy Markets 93
Mining and Mineral Processing 96
Electric Power Generation 99
Commercial and Institutional 102
Other Markets 105

IV. APPLICATIONS 108

General 108
Wastewater 110
Cooling Water 112
Process Water 114
Boiler Water 116
Other Applications 118

V. PRODUCTS 121

General 121
Biocides 124
Chlorine Derivatives 127
Chlorine 128
Bromine Derivatives 130
Other Biocides 131
Coagulants and Flocculants 133
Polymers 137
Metallic Salts 138
Other Coagulants and Flocculants 140
Corrosion Inhibitors 142
Molybdates 146
Phosphates 147
Nitrites 148
Phosphonates 150
Other Corrosion Inhibitors 151
pH Control Agents 153
Bases 156
Acids 158
Scale Control Agents 159
Foam Control Agents 162
Other Water Treatment Chemicals 165
Fluoridation Chemicals 166
Chelating Agents 168
Oxygen Scavengers 170
All Other Water Treatment Chemicals 172

VI. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 174

General 174
Market Share 176
Industry Restructuring 179
Competitive Strategies 182
Research and Development 182
Low Cost Position 183
Focus Strategies 184
Cooperative Agreements 185
Marketing and Distribution 187
Company Profiles 190
Akzo Nobel NV 191
Albemarle Corporation 194
ALTIVIA Chemicals LLC 196
Arch Chemicals, see Lonza Group
Ashland Incorporated 197
Axiall Corporation 203
Baker Hughes Incorporated 205
BASF SE 207
Berwind Corporation 209
BioLab, see Chemtura
Buckman Laboratories International Incorporated 212
Cargill Incorporated 214
Chemco, see General Chemical
ChemTreat, see Danaher
Chemtura Corporation 216
Danaher Corporation 218
Dow Chemical Company 220
DuPont (EI) de Nemours 224
Ecolab Incorporated 226
Evonik Industries AG 229
FMC Corporation 231
GE Water and Process Technologies, see General Electric
General Chemical Performance Products LLC 235
General Electric Company 238
GEO Specialty Chemicals Incorporated 242
GLV Incorporated 244
Great Lakes Solutions, see Chemtura
KA Steel Chemicals, see Olin
Kemira Oyj 247
K+S AG 251
LANXESS AG 253
Lonza Group Limited 255
Morton Salt, see K+G
Nalco Holding, see Ecolab
Occidental Petroleum Corporation 261
Olin Corporation 264
Ovivo, see GLV
OxyChem, see Occidental Petroleum
Polymer Research, see GEO Specialty Chemicals
PPG Industries Incorporated 266
SNF SAS 268
Southern Water Consultants Specialty Chemical, see
General Chemical Performance Products
Veolia Environnement SA 270
Wujin Fine Chemical Factory Company Limited 272



LIST OF TABLES

SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Summary Table 3

SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT

1 Population and Households 8
2 Macroeconomic Indicators 12
3 Manufacturers’ Shipments 15
4 Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Production 19
5 Chemical Product Shipments 22
6 Metals Industry Outlook 24
7 Food and Beverage Shipments 27
8 Electricity Generation 29
9 Oil and Gas Production and Consumption 32
10 Refined Petroleum Products Supply and Demand 34
11 Water Use Trends 36
12 Electric Power Generation Water Use 37
13 Industrial Water Use 39
14 Municipal Water Use 40
15 Water Treatment Product Demand 51
16 Water Treatment Chemical Pricing 53
17 Water Treatment Chemical Market, 2002-2012 55

SECTION III -- MARKETS

1 Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Market 59
2 Municipal Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 62
3 Municipal Potable Water Market for Water Treatment
Chemicals 64
4 Municipal Wastewater Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 66
5 Manufacturing Markets for Water Treatment Chemicals 68
6 Pulp and Paper Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 72
7 Chemical Processing Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 76
8 Metals Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 79
9 Food and Beverage Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 83
10 Pharmaceuticals Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 86
11 Other Manufacturing Markets for Water Treatment Chemicals 88
12 Energy Markets for Water Treatment Chemicals 90
13 Petroleum Refining Market for Water Treatment Chemicals 92
14 Other Energy Markets for Water Treatment Chemicals 95
15 Mining and Mineral Processing Market for Water Treatment
Chemicals 98
16 Electric Power Generation Market for Water Treatment
Chemicals 101
17 Commercial and Institutional Markets for Water Treatment
Chemicals 104
18 Other Markets for Water Treatment Chemicals 107

SECTION IV -- APPLICATIONS

1 Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Application 109
2 Wastewater Treatment Chemical Demand by Product 112
3 Cooling Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Product 114
4 Process Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Product 116
5 Boiler Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Product 118
6 Water Treatment Chemical Demand in Other Applications
by Product 120

SECTION V -- PRODUCTS

1 Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Type 122
2 Biocide Demand in Water Treatment 125
3 Chlorine Derivative Demand in Water Treatment 128
4 Chlorine Demand in Water Treatment 129
5 Bromine Derivative Demand in Water Treatment 131
6 Other Biocide Demand in Water Treatment 133
7 Coagulant and Flocculant Demand in Water Treatment 135
8 Polymer Coagulant and Flocculant Demand in Water Treatment 138
9 Metallic Salt Coagulant and Flocculant Demand in Water
Treatment 140
10 Other Coagulant and Flocculant Demand in Water Treatment 141
11 Corrosion Inhibitor Demand in Water Treatment 144
12 Molybdate Corrosion Inhibitor Demand in Water Treatment 147
13 Phosphate Corrosion Inhibitor Demand in Water Treatment 148
14 Nitrite Corrosion Inhibitor Demand in Water Treatment 150
15 Phosphonate Corrosion Inhibitor Demand in Water Treatment 151
16 Other Corrosion Inhibitor Demand in Water Treatment 153
17 pH Control Agent Demand in Water Treatment 155
18 Base pH Control Agent Demand in Water Treatment 157
19 Acid pH Control Agent Demand in Water Treatment 159
20 Scale Control Agent Demand in Water Treatment 161
21 Foam Control Agent Demand in Water Treatment 164
22 Other Water Tratment Chemical Demand in Water Treatment 166
23 Fluoridation Chemical Demand in Water Treatment 168
24 Chelating Agent Demand in Water Treatment 170
25 Oxygen Scavenger Demand in Water Treatment 172
26 All Other Water Treatment Chemical Demand 173

SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

1 US Water Treatment Chemical Sales by Company, 2012 175
2 Selected Acquisitions and Divestitures 181
3 Selected Cooperative Agreements 187



LIST OF CHARTS

SECTION III -- MARKETS

1 Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Market, 2012 60
2 Manufacturing Markets for Water Treatment Chemicals, 2012 69

SECTION IV -- APPLICATIONS

1 Water Treatment Chemical Demand by Application, 2012 110

SECTION V -- PRODUCTS

1 Water Treatment Chemical Demand: Volume and Value, 2012 123
2 Biocide Demand: Volume and Value, 2012 126
3 Coagulant and Flocculant Demand: Volume and Value, 2012 136
4 Corrosion Inhibitor Demand: Volume and Value, 2012 145

SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

1 US Water Treatment Chemical Market Share, 2012 177

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