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Kosovo - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

  • December 2014
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 30 pages

LTE launches in 2015 to stimulate mobile broadband
Kosovo has benefited from financial and regulatory assistance as part of the EU pre-accession process, The EU remains Kosovo's main trading partner and its main source of foreign direct investment. The economy is significantly driven by trade with Germany and Switzerland, where most expatriates live and work. Remittances from such workers form an important part of household incomes.

The country's telecom sector has been liberalised, with legislation introduced in late 2012 to align with the EU's revised regulatory framework. It also adopted measures relating to competition and to facilitating the market entry of new players. Nevertheless, poor telecom infrastructure has meant that fixed-line penetration remains low by European standards. Unlike most markets, the fixed-line broadband sector is dominated by new players, in particular the cable operator IPKO which has upgraded its network with DOCSIS3.0 technology.

Broadband penetration in Kosovo is developing slowly, with effective competition between the main cable and DSL operators. There are a number of smaller ISPs, though the sector is dominated by only three players: PTK, IPLO and Kujtesa. Cable accounts for the majority of connections, and though the incumbent PTK is building out an upgraded fibre-based NGN investment has been insufficient.

The mobile sector accounts for most telecom lines for voice services, as well as the greater part of telecom revenue. Two MNOs compete with two MVNOs, though the latter have a very small market presence. The prepaid sector accounts for the vast majority of subscribers, though it is gradually losing ground as more contract subscribers sign up for services. 3G services were launched only in December 2013. Mobile data services will become increasingly important in coming years as a source of new revenue growth.

Kosovo Key telecom parameters 2014 (e)
Penetration rate by service: | Penetration
Fixed-line | 4.6%
Fixed broadband | 10.8%
Mobile | 99%
(Source: BuddeComm based on industry data)
Henry Lancaster

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Kosovo's telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, Internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors. Subjects include:
Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
Facts, figures and statistics;
Industry and regulatory issues;
Infrastructure;
Major players, revenues, subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
Mobile voice and data markets;
Broadband (FttX, DSL, cable, wireless);
Broadband market forecasts for selective years to 2020.

Key developments:
Regulator allows mobile licences to be technology-neutral, enabling licensees to use a variety of platforms including HSPA, WiMAX and LTE; sale of a 75% stake in PTK cancelled in early 2014 due to widespread opposition; Vala launches 3G services, with plans for national coverage by April 2015, plans LTE launch in early 2015; Albtelecom and PTK complete the second fibre-optic system between Albania and Kosovo; mobile subscriber base climbs steadily; government's delayed privatisation of PTK opposed by trade union body; telecom sector revenue showed slight growth into 2014; PTK expands fixed-lines services with 10 million investment; Kosovo adopts new Law On Electronic Communications; IPKO launches an 80Mb/s offer; PTK financial and operator report for 2013; regulator's Q3 2014 market data, recent market developments.
Companies covered in this report include:
PTK, IPKO, Artmotion, Kujtesa; Dukagjini Telecommunications, Dardafon.
This report is essential reading for those needing high level strategic information and objective analysis on the telecom sector in Kosovo. It provides further information on:
Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
The impact of the global economic crisis;
Telecoms operators privatisation, acquisitions, new licences;
Mobile data market developments in coming years;
3G developments, regulatory issues and technologies;
Broadband migration to an FttH architecture;
Historical and current subscriber statistics and forecasts;
ARPU statistics and forecasts.

Table Of Contents

Kosovo - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts
1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
2.1 Country overview
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Overview of Kosovo's telecom market
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Regulatory authorities
4.2 Telecom sector liberalisation in Kosovo
4.3 Privatisation
4.4 Interconnect
4.5 Access
4.6 Number Portability (NP)
5. Fixed network operators in Kosovo
5.1 Post and Telecom of Kosovo (PTK)
5.2 IPKO
5.3 Kujtesa
5.4 Kone
6. Telecommunications infrastructure
7. Broadband market
7.1 Overview
7.1.1 Broadband statistics
7.2 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
7.3 Cable broadband
7.4 Wireless broadband
7.5 Mobile broadband
8. Digital media
8.1 Overview of broadcasting market
8.2 Cable TV
9. Mobile communications
9.1 Overview of Kosovo's mobile market
9.1.1 Mobile statistics
9.2 Regulatory issues
9.2.1 First mobile licence
9.2.2 Second mobile licence
9.2.3 Third mobile licence
9.2.4 MVNO Framework
9.2.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.3 Mobile technologies
9.3.1 Digital
9.4 Major mobile operators
9.4.1 Vala
9.4.2 IPKO
9.4.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)
9.5 Mobile voice services
9.5.1 Prepaid
9.6 Mobile data services
9.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)/Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
9.6.2 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
9.6.3 High-Speed Packet access (HSPA)
9.6.4 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
10. Forecasts fixed broadband subscribers 2010 - 2013; 2020
10.1 Scenario 1 higher broadband subscriber growth
10.2 Scenario 2 lower broadband subscriber growth
10.3 Notes on scenario forecasts
11. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Kosovo 2014 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2014 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2013
Table 4 Broadband statistics 2014 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2014 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom revenue by sector 2009 - 2014
Table 8 Market share of revenue by sector 2010 - 2014
Table 9 Market share of fixed-telephony subscribers by operator 2009 - 2014
Table 10 PTK financial data 2007 - 2013
Table 11 IPKO mobile subscribers 2010 - 2011
Table 12 IPKO financial data 2011 - 2014
Table 13 Fixed line subscribers and teledensity 2004 - 2014
Table 14 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2012 - 2014
Table 15 Broadband subscribers and penetration 2007 - 2014
Table 16 Broadband subscribers by operator 2007 - 2012
Table 17 IPKO broadband subscribers 2006 - 2014
Table 18 Broadband market share of subscribers by operator 2010 - 2014
Table 19 Broadband market share by platform 2007 - 2011
Table 20 DSL broadband subscribers 2007 - 2012
Table 21 Cable broadband subscribers 2007 - 2012
Table 22 Wireless broadband subscribers 2007 - 2011
Table 23 Subscribers to mobile broadband services, by technology 2013 - 2014
Table 24 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2004 - 2014
Table 25 Mobile market share by subscribers 2004 - 2014
Table 26 Mobile market revenue 2008 - 2014
Table 27 Vala subscribers 2008 - 2012
Table 28 Vala mobile revenue 2007 - 2011
Table 29 IPKO mobile revenue 2007 - 2011
Table 30 Prepaid as proportion of total mobile subscribers 2007 - 2012
Table 31 Vala SMS traffic 2009 - 2011
Table 32 Forecast broadband subscribers higher growth scenario 2013; 2015; 2020
Table 33 Forecast broadband subscribers lower growth scenario 2013; 2015; 2020
Chart 1 Telecom revenue by sector 2009 2014
Chart 2 PTK financial data 2007 2013
Chart 3 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2004 2014
Chart 4 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2004 2014
Chart 5 Mobile market share by subscribers 2004 2014
Exhibit 1 Access, the local loop and unbundling an overview

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