Global Coal Industry Industry

  • January 2012
  • -
  • Global Industry Analysts

The global outlook series on Coal Industry provides a collection of statistical anecdotes, market briefs, and concise summaries of research findings. The report offers a rudimentary overview of the industry, highlights latest trends and demand drivers, in addition to providing statistical insights. Major regional markets abstracted and covered in the report include US, Canada, Europe (France, Germany, Italy, UK, Russia, Poland, Turkey, and Ukraine among others), Asia-Pacific (Japan, China, India, Australia, Indonesia, Taiwan, and South Korea among others), Middle East & Africa, Latin America. The report offers a compilation of recent mergers, acquisitions, and strategic corporate developments. Also included is an indexed, easy-to-refer, fact-finder directory listing the addresses, and contact details of 230 companies worldwide.

Table Of Contents




1. OVERVIEW 1
Coal - An Important Fossil Fuel 1
The Types 1

2. A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE 2
Current Scenario 2
Growth Drivers 3
Primary Energy Source for Developing Countries 3
Table 1: Global Primary Coal Market (2030*): Percentage
Breakdown of Demand by End-Use Segment - Power Generation,
Industry, Residential Services, and Other End-Uses 3

Table 2: Worldwide Total Primary Energy Supply (2008 and
2030^): Percentage Breakdown of TPES# by Type of Fuel 4
Power Generation Driven by Coal 4
Table 3: Worldwide Coal-fired Power Generation (2010):
Breakdown of Power Generated by Supercritical and
Ultrasupercritical Plants in Gigawatt Electrical (GWe) by
Geographic Region/Country 5

Table 4: Worldwide Electricity Generation (2010 and2030^):
Percentage Breakdown based on Fuel Type - Coal, Gas, Hydro,
Nuclear, Oil, and Others 6
Declining Production Cost for Coal-Fired Power Generation 6
Table 5: Worldwide Coal-Fuelled Electricity Production
(2010): Percentage Share of Energy Production by Geographic
Region/Country 7
Increased Demand for Steel 7
Growth Inhibitors 7
Environmental Laws and Regulations 7
Impact on Environment 8
Table 6: Worldwide C02 Emissions (2010): Percentage
Breakdown of Volume of Emissions by Type of Fuel - Coal,
Oil, Gas, and Others 8
Natural Gas Slowly Displacing Coal 8
Alternative Energy Sources Provide Competition 9
Overview of Global Coal Market 9
Table 7: Global Coal Market (2020): Percentage Breakdown of
Demand by Region - Developing Regions and Industrialized
Regions 9
Global Coal Reserves 10
Table 8: Worldwide Coal Reserves (2010): Breakdown of
Reserves Volumes of Anthracite and Bituminous Coal and
Sub-bituminous and Lignite Coal in Millions of Tons by
Geographic Region 10

Table 9: Worldwide Coal Reserves (2010): Breakdown of
Volumes of Anthracite, Bituminous, Sub-bituminous, and
Lignite Coal Reserves in Million of Tons by Top Ten
Countries 11
Coal Production 11
Table 10: Worldwide Coal Production (1990-2010): Breakdown
of Volume of Production in Millions of Tons by Type of Coal 11

Table 11: Worldwide Coal Production (2009 and 2010): Breakdown
of Production Volume in Millions of Tons of Oil Equivalent
(Mtoe) by Geographic Region 12

Table 12: Leading Hard Coal Producers (2010): Breakdown of
Volume of Production in Millions of Tons by Leading
Countries - China, US, India, Australia, South Africa,
Russia, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Poland and Colombia 12

Table 13: Leading Brown Coal Producers (2010): Breakdown of
Volume of Production in Millions of Tons by Country-
Germany, Indonesia, Russia, Turkey, Australia, US, Greece,
Poland, Czech Republic, and Serbia 13

Table 14: Leading Coal Producers (2010): Percentage
Breakdown of Annual Revenues by Company 13
Coal Consumption 14
Table 15: World Current and Future Analysis of Coal Markets
by Geographic Region-US, Canada, Europe, Asia Pacific
(including Japan), Middle East and Latin America Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Millions
of Tons of Oil Equivalent for the Years 2010-2015 14

Table 16: World 5-Year Perspective for Coal Markets by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volumes for US, Canada, Europe, Asia Pacific (including
Japan), Middle East and Latin America Markets for Years 2011
and 2015 15
Coal Trade 16
Table 17: Worldwide Hard Coal Trade (2010): Breakdown of
Volume of Trade in Millions of Tons by Type of Coal- Steam
and Coking Coal 16
Leading Exporters 16
Table 18: Leading Coal Exporters (2010): Breakdown of
Export Volumes of Steam Coal and Coking Coal in Millions of
Tons by Country-Australia, Indonesia, Russia, USA, South
Africa, Colombia, and Canada 16

Table 19: Leading Suppliers of Thermal Coal Market (2011):
Percentage Breakdown of Production Volume by Geographic
Region/Country 17
Leading Importers 17
Table 20: Leading Coal Importers (2010): Breakdown of
Import Volumes of Steam Coal and Coking Coal in Millions
of Tons by Country- Japan, China, South Korea, India,
China, Germany, and Turkey 17
Coal Prices Bounce Back from Recessionary Lows 17
Table 21: International Coal Prices (2008-2011): Quarterly
and Annual Movement of Average Coal Prices Per Ton in USD 18

3. MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS 19

4. STRATEGIC CORPORATE DEVELOPMENTS 38


A REGIONAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE 50

1. THE UNITED STATES 50
Market Highlights 50
Coal, A Vital Power Source 50
Table 22: US Electricity Generation (2010): Percentage
Breakdown of Total Electricity Generated by Type of Fuel 50
Evolving Trends in Coal Mining in the West Coast 51
Technological Advancements 51
Coal Production 51
Overview 51
Coal Production by Region 51
Table 23: Coal Market in the US (2010 and 2011): Production in
Thousands of Short Tons by Region - Appalachia, Interior,
and Western 52

Table 24: Coal Market in the Appalachian Region of the US
(2010 and 2011): Production in Thousands of Short Tons by
State - Alabama; Kentucky, Eastern; Maryland; Ohio;
Tennessee; Virginia; and West Virginia 52

Table 25: Coal Market in the Interior Region of the US (2010
and 2011): Production in Thousands of Short Tons by State -
Illinois; Indiana; Kansas; Kentucky, Western; Louisiana;
Mississippi; Missouri; Oklahoma; and Texas 53

Table 26: Coal Market in the Western Region of the US (2010
and 2011): Production in Thousands of Short Tons by State -
Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, North
Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming 53

Table 27: Leading US Coal Producers (2009): Breakdown of
Production Volumes in Millions of Short Tons by Company 54
Market Trends 55
Government Initiatives 55
Coal Consumption 55
Table 28: US Coal Consumption (2010): Percentage Breakdown
of Consumption Volume by End-use Sector 55
Coal Trade 55
Coal Imports and Exports 56
Japanese Nuclear Disaster Opens Avenues for US Coal Exporters 56
Table 29: US Coal Exports (2010 and 2011): Breakdown of
Export Volume in Short Tons by Geographic Region 56

2. CANADA 57
Overview 57
Export and Import Statistics 57
Table 30: Canadian Bituminous Coal Imports (2010): Breakdown
of Import Value in US$ by Geographic Region/Country of Origin 57

Table 31: Canadian Bituminous Coal Exports (2010) Breakdown
of Export Value in US$ by Geographic Region/Country of
Destination 58

Table 32: Canadian Coal NES Imports (2010): Breakdown of
Import Value in US$ by Geographic Region/Country of Origin 58

Table 33: Canadian Coal NES Exports (2010): Breakdown of
Export Value in US$ by Geographic Region/Country of
Destination 59

3. EUROPE 60
Overview 60
Production 60
Table 34: European Indigenous Hard Coal Production (2009 and
2010): Breakdown of Production Volume in Millions of Short
Tons by Country-Poland, UK, Germany, Czech Republic, Spain,
Romania and Bulgaria 60
Consumption 61
Table 35: European Current and Future Analysis of Coal
Markets by Geographic Region-France, Germany, Italy, UK,
Russia, Poland, Turkey, Ukraine, Rest of Europe Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Millions
of Tons of Oil Equivalent for the Years 2010-2015 61

Table 36: European 5-Year Perspective for Coal Markets by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volumes for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Russia, Poland,
Turkey, Ukraine, Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2011 and
2015 62

3a. FRANCE 63
Market Overview 63

3b. GERMANY 64
Market Overview 64
Table 37: Principal Energy Sources in Germany (2010):
Percentage Breakdown for Petroleum, Natural gas, Hard coal,
Nuclear energy, Lignite, Renewable energy, and Others 64
Government Proposes to Extend Life of Unprofitable Mines 65
New Coal-fired Plants Sanctioned 65

3c. THE UNITED KINGDOM 66
Market Overview 66
Table 38: UK Primary Energy Production and Consumption (2010):
Percentage Breakdown by Energy Source 66
Table 39: UK Electricity Production (2010): Percentage
Breakdown by Energy Source 67
Table 40: UK Hard Coal Production (2010): Breakdown in Volume
of Production in Millions of Tons by Mining Technique 67
Competition- A Historic Review 68
Table 41: Leading Coal Producers in the UK (2005): Percentage
Breakdown of Deep and Open Cast Mine Production for UK Coal,
Scottish Coal, Celtic Energy, and Others 68

3d. FINLAND 69
Market Overview 69
Table 42: Finnish Total Energy Consumption (2011): Percentage
Breakdown of Consumption by Energy Source 69

3e. POLAND 70
Poland Preps to Meet EU Carbon Emission Norms for 2020 70

4. ASIA-PACIFIC 71
Overview 71
Table 43: Asia Pacific Current and Future Analysis of Coal
Markets by Geographic Region-Japan, China, India, Australia,
Indonesia, Taiwan, South Korea, and Rest of Asia-Pacific
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in
Millions Tons of Oil Equivalent for the Years 2010-2015 72

Table 44: Asia Pacific 5-Year Perspective for Coal Markets by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volumes for Japan, China, India, Australia, Indonesia,
Taiwan, South Korea, and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets for
Years 2011 and 2015 73

4a. JAPAN 74
Market Overview 74
Table 45: Japanese Energy Generation (2010): Percentage Share
Breakdown by Source - Oil, Coal, Natural Gas, Nuclear, Hydro
and Other Renewable Sources 74

4b. AUSTRALIA 75
Overview 75
Market Snapshots 75
Premium Position in Coking Coal 75
Australian Coking Coal 76
Coal Production 76
Table 46: Australian Black Coal Production (2009-2011):
Breakdown of Volume of Production of Raw and Saleable Black
Coal in Millions of Tons by Type of Mining Process 76

Table 47: Australian Black Coal Production (2009-2011):
Breakdown of Volume of Production of Raw and Saleable Black
Coal in Millions of Tons by State 77
Carbon Emissions Tax, a Major Concern for Coal Producers 77

4c. CHINA 78
Industry Overview 78
Table 48: Worldwide Hard Coal Production (2009): Breakdown of
Volume in Million Tons of Coal Equivalent by Geographic
Region/ Country 78
Coal: The Prime Energy Resource 79
Table 49: Chinese Primary Energy Demand (2010 and 2015):
Percentage Breakdown by Source of Energy - Coal, Petroleum,
Natural Gas and Non-Fossil Fuels 79

Table 50: Chinese Coal Industry (2010 and 2015E): Percentage
Breakdown of Consumption Volume by Sector- Power Generation,
Steel, Construction, Chemical and Others 80
Structure of Coal Mines in China 80
Table 51: Chinese Coal Machinery Market (2009): Breakdown of
Revenues in Millions of Yuan by Leading Manufacturers 81
Government Restructures Coal Industry 81
Coking Coal Prices Resurge 82
Growing Dependence on Coal Imports 82
Table 52: Chinese Coal Import Market (2010): Breakdown of
Import Volumes in Millions of Tons by Type of Coal 82
Chinese Imports Trigger Hike in Global Coal Prices 83
Table 53: Chinese Steam Coal Import Market (2010):
Percentage Breakdown of Import Volume by Country of Origin 83
Coal Imports Set to Resurge 83
Market Players - Competitive Factors 84
Influencing Factors 84
Coal Mining Industry: Threats Overrule 85
Outlook 85

4d. INDIA 86
Overview 86
Thermal Power - Facing Huge Deficit 86
Table 54: Indian Raw Coal Demand (2009- 2010): Breakdown of
Offtake/Despatch Volume in Million Tons by Sector 87
Coal Production 87
Table 55: Indian Non-Coking Coal Production (2010): Breakdown
of Production Volume in Millions of Tons by State 87

Table 56: Indian Coking Coal Production (2010): Breakdown of
Production Volume in Millions of Tons by State 88

Table 57: Indian Coal Production (2009- 2010): Breakdown of
Production Volume in Million Tons by Company 88
Consumption and Imports Scenario 88
Coal Reserves 89
Table 58: Indian Coal Industry (2010): Percentage Breakdown
of Proven Coal Reserves by Type of Coal 89

4e. INDONESIA 90
Market Overview 90
Table 59: Indonesian Coal Reserves (2010): Percentage Share
Breakdown of Volume Reserves by Coal Type - Sub-bituminous,
Lignite and Bituminous 90
Production Scenario 90
Table 60: Coal Market in Indonesia (2006- 2010): Production
in Million Tons 91
Consumption by End-Use Segment 91
Exports Scenario 92
Table 61: Indonesian Coal Exports (2010): Percentage Share
Breakdown by Leading Destination Countries (In Million Tons) 92

4f. SOUTH KOREA 93
Overview 93
Table 62: Electricity Sector in South Korea (2010 and 2015):
Percentage Breakdown of Power Generation Capacity by Segment
- Coal and Others 93

Table 63: Anthracite Coal Market in South Korea (2010):
Percentage Breakdown of Demand by Category - Industry,
Residential/Commercial Sector, and Power Generation 93

4g. THAILAND 94
Coal to Meet Increased Needs of Energy Sector 94

4h. VIETNAM 94
Industry Overview 94

5. AFRICA 95

5a. SOUTH AFRICA 95
Domestic and Overseas Markets Wrangle for Coal Resources 95
Table 64: South African Coal Reserves (2009): Percentage
Breakdown of Volume of Reserves by Type of Coal 95

Table 65: South African Domestic Coal Consumption (2010):
Percentage Breakdown of Volume of Consumption by Consumer 96

Table 66: South African Coal Production (2011): Percentage
Breakdown of Volume by Leading Producers and Others 96

Table 67: South African Domestic Coal Demand (2010 and 2030E):
Percentage Breakdown of Volume of Demand by Consumer 97


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