Nanotechnologies for the Textile Market

  • April 2012
  • -
  • Cientifica ltd
  • -
  • 255 pages

The market for smart textiles is set to explode according to Cientifica’s latest research. “Nanotechnologies for the Textile Market” provides the most in depth look to date at the impact of nanotechnology on the global textile industry.

While the traditional markets of apparel and home textiles continue to be impacted by nanotechnologies, especially in adding value through finishing and coating, the major opportunities for both textile manufacturers and nanomaterial suppliers lie elsewhere.

“Nanotechnologies for the Textile Market” takes an in depth look at the major textile markets – apparel, home, military, medical, sports, technical and smart textiles – detailing the key applications of nanotechnologies and the major players. The 255 page report contains full market analyses and predictions for each sector to 2022, outlines the key opportunities and is illustrated with 98 figures and 30 tables.

Cientifica predicts that the highest growth over the next decade will be seen in the areas of smart and technical textiles. In both of these areas a significant part of the added value is due to the innovative use of nanotechnologies, whether in fiber production or as a coating or additive.

With over a billion Bluetooth enabled devices on the market, ranging from smartphones to set top boxes, and new technologies such as energy scavenging or piezoelectric energy generation being made possible by the use of nanotechnologies , there are opportunities for the textile industry in new markets ranging from consumer electronics to medical diagnostics.

‘It’s a perfect storm” added Tim Harper, “the availability of new materials such as graphene, the huge leaps being made in organic electronics, and the move towards the Internet of Things is blurring the divide between textiles and electronic devices. When two trillion dollar markets collide there will be lots of disruption and plenty of opportunities.”

Table Of Contents


Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .. 11
INTRODUCTION .. 21
Objectives of the Report ... 21
World Textiles and Clothing 22
Overview of Nanotechnology Applications in the EU Textile Industry . 24
Overview of Nanotechnology Applications in the US Textile Industry . 25
Overview of Nanotechnology Applications in the Chinese Textile Industry 26
Overview of Nanotechnology Applications in the Indian Textile Industry 27
Overview of Nanotechnology Applications in the Japanese Textile Industry . 27
Overview of Nanotechnology Applications in the Korean Textile Industry .. 29
Textiles in the Rest of the World 31
Macro and Micro Value Chain of Textiles Industry 32
Common Textiles Industry Classifications ... 32
End Markets and Value Chain Actors ... 32
Why Textiles Go Nano . 34
Nanotechnology in Textiles .. 34
Nanotechnology in Some Textile-related Categories .. 37
Technical and Smart Textiles . 37
Multifunctional Textiles 39
High Performance Textiles . 39
Smart/Intelligent Textiles . 39
Nanotechnology Hype .. 41
CURRENT APPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY IN TEXTILE PRODUCTION . 43
Nanotechnology in Fibers and Yarns .. 43
Nanotechnology in Fabrics .. 47
Nanotechnology in Textile Finishing, Dyeing and Coating 55
Nanotechnology In Textile Printing . 66
Green Technology -- Nanotechnology In Textile Production Energy Saving . 67
Electronic Textiles ... 67
Concept .. 67
Markets and Impacts ... 68
Current E-Textile Solutions and Problems ... 69
Nanotechnology in Electronic Textiles .. 78
Future and Challenges of Electronic Textiles .. 87
NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN CLOTHING/APPAREL TEXTILES 89
Summary of Nanotechnology Applications in Clothing/Apparel Textiles ... 90
Current Applications of Nanotechnology in Clothing/Apparel Textiles .. 91
Hassle-free Clothing: Stain/Oil/Water Repellence, Anti-Static, Anti-Wrinkle .. 91
Reproduction in whole or in part without permission of Científica is prohibited.
Nano-Antibacterial Clothing Textiles . 96
Nanosilver Safety Concerns .. 101
UV/Sun/Radiation Protective 102
Comfort Issues: Perspiration Control, Moisture Management 102
Creative Appearance and Scent for High Street Fashions .. 103
Nanobarcodes for Clothing Combats Counterfeiting 105
High Strength, Abrasion-Resistant Fabric Using Carbon Nanotube .. 106
Nanotechnology For Home Laundry ... 106
Current Adopters of Nanotechnology in Clothing/Apparel Textiles . 106
Products and Markets .. 106
Costs and Benefits ... 114
Future Projections for Nanotechnology in Clothing/Apparel Textiles .. 117
Drivers and Barriers . 117
Market Forecast ... 117
The Major Providers of Nanotechnology in Clothing/Apparel Textiles 121
NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN HOME TEXTILES . 122
Summary of Nanotechnology Applications in Home Textiles 122
Current Applications of Nanotechnology in Home Textiles .. 122
Current Adopters of Nanotechnology in Home Textiles 124
Products and Markets .. 124
Costs and Benefits ... 127
Future Projections for Nanotechnology in Home Textiles 131
Drivers and Barriers . 131
Market Forecast ... 131
The Major Providers of Nanotechnology in Home Textiles .. 135
NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN MILITARY/DEFENCE TEXTILES ... 136
Summary of Nanotechnology Applications in Military/Defence Textiles .. 136
Current Applications of Nanotechnology in Military/Defence Textiles 137
Current Adopters of Nanotechnology in Military/Defence Textiles .. 145
Products and Markets .. 145
Costs and Benefits ... 151
Future Projections for Nanotechnology in Military/Defence Textiles .. 154
Drivers and Barriers . 154
Market Forecast ... 154
The Major Providers of Nanotechnology in Military/Defence Textiles 157
NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN MEDICAL TEXTILES 158
Summary of Nanotechnology Applications in Medical Textiles 158
Current Applications of Nanotechnology in Medical Textiles .. 162
Current Adopters of Nanotechnology in Medical Textiles 164
Products and Markets .. 164
Costs and Benefits ... 170
Future Projections for Nanotechnology in Medical Textiles 173
Drivers and Barriers . 173
Market Forecast ... 173
Roadmap .. 176
The Major Providers of Nanotechnology in Medical Textiles ... 177
NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN SPORTS/OUTDOOR TEXTILES .. 178
Summary of Nanotechnology Applications in Sports/Outdoor Textiles 178
Current Applications of Nanotechnology in Sports/Outdoor Textiles ... 179
Current Adopters of Nanotechnology in Sports/Outdoor Textiles 183
Products and Markets .. 183
Costs and Benefits ... 185
Future Projections for Nanotechnology in Sports/Outdoor Textiles . 187
Drivers and Barriers . 187
Market Forecast ... 187
The Major Providers of Nanotechnology in Sports/Outdoor Textiles ... 190
NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN TECHNICAL AND SMART TEXTILES . 191
Summary of Nanotechnology Applications in Technical and smart textiles . 191
Current Applications of Nanotechnology in Technical and Smart textiles ... 191
Current Adopters of Nanotechnology in Technical and smart textiles .. 197
Reproduction in whole or in part without permission of Científica is prohibited.
Products and Markets .. 197
Costs and Benefits ... 209
Future Projections for Nanotechnology in Technical and smart textiles .. 212
Drivers and Barriers . 212
Market Forecast ... 213
Roadmap .. 215
The Major Players of Nanotechnology in Technical and Smart textiles ... 216

APPENDIX I: COMPANIES/RESEARCH INSTITUTES APPLYING NANOTECHNOLOGIES TO THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY
217

Companies Working on Nanofiber Applications ... 217
Companies Working on Nanofabric Applications . 218
Companies Working on Nano Finishing, Coating, Dyeing and Printing Applications . 219
Companies Working on Green Nanotechnology In Textile Production Energy Saving Applications .. 220
Companies Working on E-textile Applications .. 221
Companies Working on Nano Applications in Clothing/Apparel Textile .. 224
Companies Working on Nano Applications in Home Textile 230
Companies Working on Nano Applications in Sports/Outdoor Textile . 233
Companies Working on Nano Applications in Military/Defence Textile .. 235
Companies Working on Nano Applications in Non-conventional Textile . 238

APPENDIX II: SELECTED COMPANY PROFILES . 240

APPENDIX III: COMPANIES MENTIONED IN THIS REPORT 252

List of Figures

Figure 1 Current World Textile Market by Sector (2012-22) 12
Figure 2 The Global Textile Market By Sector (US$ Millions) . 12
Figure 3 Market for Textile Products Using Nanotechnologies (2012-22) ... 13
Figure 4 Markets for Nano-enabled Textiles . 13
Figure 5 % of Markets Impacted by Nanotechnologies . 14
Figure 6 Nano-contribution to World Textiles by Sector (2012-22) .. 15
Figure 7 Total Value of Nanomaterials in Textiles (2012-2022) ... 16
Figure 8 Value of Nanomaterials in Textiles by Sector (2012-2022) 17
Figure 9 Nanotechnology Enabled Average Market Growth in Textiles by Sector (2012-
2022) .. 19
Figure 10 Changes in Global Textile Markets 2012-2022 20
Figure 11 Relevant Product Development Stages for the Different Company Types 21
Figure 12 Global Textile Market by Sector (2012-22) .. 22
Figure 13 Top 10 Countries By Nanotechnology and Textile Publishing Activity 2009-12 . 23
Figure 14 Main Players in World Exports of Textiles (left) and Clothing (right) . 24
Figure 16 Uses of artificial leather Chamude®: (a) suede, (b) bags, and (c) jackets .. 28
Figure 17 Nanotechnology at AIST: (a) tailor-made molecular tubes, (b) drug delivery
systems, and (c) single electron transistors ... 29
Figure 18 Macro-Value Chain of Textiles Industry ... 32
Figure 20 The Technical Textiles Wheel 38
Figure 21 Textile Technology and Function Convergence 40
Figure 23 Klimeo - Microcapsules containing a natural temperature-regulating
ingredient are applied in and on the fabric ... 50
Figure 24 Oil resistance of Inanova® ... 51
Figure 25 The World's Shortest Piece of Nylon . 52
Figure 26 Plasma Treatment of Cotton Fibers .. 54
Figure 27 NanoSino's 4 E Principles for Coating Trends . 55
Figure 28: SEM images of cotton fibers, control (a), treated with bulk ZnO (b) and treated
with nano-ZnO (c). . 56
Figure 29 Antibacterial activity of cotton fabrics: untreated (a), bulk ZnO treated (b) and
nano-ZnO treated (c). The dotted growth on the left-hand side corresponds to S.
aureus and the mucous growth corresponds to K. pneumoniae. Arrows represent the
zone of inhibition of S. aureus by nano-ZnO coated cotton fabrics. .. 57
Figure 30 The ‘lotus effect’ effectively repels dirt and moisture ... 59
Figure 31 BASF's lotus-effect aerosol spray combines nanoparticles with hydrophobic
polymers such as polypropylene, polyethylene and waxes 59
Figure 32 Fabric Without and With the Sun-block Layer, Courtesy of Hong Kong
Polytechnic University ... 61
Figure 33 SEM photograph of Functional Material Coating on Polyester Fiber Surface
Courtesy of Toray Industries, Inc. .. 63
Figure 34 J-Teck nanodot inks set up on a Mimaki JV33/ JV5 Crab Feeder 66
Figure 35 The development of e-textiles 68
Figure 37 IMEC's wireless, flexible and stretchable ECG patch for comfortable cardiac
monitoring .. 71
Figure 38 Conducting meanders in the non-stretched state allow up to 40% stretch ... 72
Figure 39 Stretchable thermometer demonstrating possibility of embedded components 73
Figure 40 Chain Mail Fabric for Smart Textiles ... 74
Figure 41 Electroplated Fabric . 75
Figure 42 This organic electrochemical transistor was made with cotton fibers. The gate,
drain and source in the device are made from cotton threads with conductive or
semiconductive behavior induced by using nanoparticle-based coatings. 76
Figure 43 Woven fabrics containing carbon nanotubes for strength and conductivity . 78
Figure 44 Organic field effect transistor (OFET) fully compatible with textile processing
techniques ... 82
Figure 45 A Huichol girl from Mexico examines an early prototype of the solar-powered
portable light. (Image: Kennedy and Violich Architecture) . 84
Figure 46 These Aboriginal women are trying foldable versions of the prototype light
source, which includes an aluminised textile to help spread the light. .. 85
Figure 47 Aboriginal man is wearing a Mexican-made bag that has the photovoltaic
panels sewn into it. He is holding the light device in his hand (Image: Sheila
Kennedy) 86
Figure 48 Sportswear with integrated sensors from Textronix . 87
Figure 49 Functional fashion Levi’s using Schoeller’s nanosphere technology ... 95
Figure 50 The Market for Anti-Bacterial Textiles . 96
Figure 51 How antibacterial ‘SmartSilver works . 97
Figure 52 Typical delivery formats of nano silver (from NanoHorizons Inc.) .. 98
Figure 53 A fiber coated with silver nanoparticles ... 99
Figure 54 BASF Ultramid BS416N® with TiO2 nanoparticles for UV protection .. 102
Figure 55 Teijin’s Morphotex allows colors without the use of dyes .. 104
Figure 56 Donna Sgro’s Morphotex dress ... 105
Figure 57 Design student Olivia Ong '07 hugs two garments, treated with metallic
nanoparticles through a collaboration with fiber scientists Juan Hinestroza and
Hong Dong, that she designed as part of her fashion line, "Glitterati 109
Figure 58 Clothing designed by Olivia The dress and jacket contain nanoparticles with
antibacterial and air-purifying qualities .. 110
Figure 59 A scanning electron microscope image showing a cotton fiber with palladium
nanoparticle coating 111
Figure 60 Smart Fabrics Offer Designers New Possibilities in Fashion 112
Figure 61 Nanotechnology Enabled Clothing/Apparel Textiles Market 2012-2022 ... 118
Figure 62 Value of Nanotech Inputs in Clothing Textiles 2012-22 . 119
Figure 64 Value and properties added by metal films . 123
Figure 67 The Global Textile Market in 2012 (% Market Share) ... 128
Figure 68 The Global Textile Market in 2012 (US$ Millions) 129
Figure 69 Nanotechnology Enabled Home Textiles Market (US$ Millions) ... 132
Figure 70 Value of Nanomaterials in Home Textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Million) . 133
Figure 72 Alexium’s Cleanshell treatment has the ability to protect against Chemical
Warfare Agents for days, as opposed to minutes offered by other methods 141
Figure 73 Self-Assembling Nanotubes in Water .. 143
Figure 74 Self-Assembling Nanocarpet ... 143
Figure 75 A forest of carbon nanotubes .. 144
Figure 76 twisted nanofibers . 144
Figure 77 Two-ply nanofiber yarn from CSIRO Textile and Fiber Technology 145
Figure 78 Sandia researcher George Bachand examines an enlargement of actual images
of light-emitting quantum dots . 146
Figure 79 The Future Force Warrior system ... 148
Figure 80 Nanotechnology Enabled Military/Defense Textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Millions)
.. 155
Figure 81 Value of Nanomaterials in Military/Defense Textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Millions)
.. 155
Figure 82 Integrating bio-chemical sensors into textiles for continuous monitoring of a
person's health is the goal of the EU-funded BIOTEX . 164
Figure 83 Acticoat 7 burn dressing containing nanosilver particles from Smith and Nephew
.. 165
Figure 84 Schoeller Medical’s iLoad fabric used in incontinence underwear 169
Figure 85 Nanotechnology Enabled Medical Textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Millions) .. 174
Figure 86 Value of Nanomaterials in Medical Textiles 2021-2022 (US$ Millions) 175
Figure 87 Teijin’s Nanofront fiber used in cycling and golf gloves 180
Figure 88 New Balance running sock using Teijin’s Nanofront modified with nano-sized
bumps to raise frictional force and increase surface area .. 181
Figure 90 Nanotechnology Enabled Sports/Outdoor Textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Millions)
.. 188
Figure 91 Value of Nanomaterials in Sports/Outdoor Textiles 2012-2022 (US$ Millions)
.. 188
Figure 92 Scanning electron microscopic images of the chars of ABS nanocomposites 196
Figure 93 Potential applications of carbon nanotube coated yarns 201
Figure 94 A Fuji Electric employee displays the company’s flexible solar power cell
‘Fwave’, a light, thin and flexible modules that can be mounted on curved surfaces
.. 202
Figure 95 Conducting cotton creates a simple circuit at Cornell University .. 207
Figure 96 Energy harvesting textiles at the University of Southampton . 208
Figure 97 Nanotechnology Enabled Technical and smart textiles 2012-2022 (US$
Million) . 213
Figure 98 Value of Nanomaterials in Technical and smart textiles 2012-2022 (US$
Millions) ... 214

List of Tables

Table 1 Nanotechnology-Enabled Market Growth in Textile by Sector (2012-22) ... 16
Table 2 Drivers and Barriers of Nanotechnology Applications in Textile Sectors 18
Table 3 Global Textile Market by Sector (2012-22) .. 22
Table 4 Top 20 Countries Publishing on Nanotechnology and Textiles in Scientific
Journals (2009-12) . 23
Table 5 Key Areas of Japanese Textile Research .. 28
Table 6 Exports, Imports, Production and Domestic Demand in Korea ... 30
Table 7 Comparisons between Japan, Korea and UK ... 31
Table 8 Additional Cost Caused by Adding Nanomaterials (Nanofinish) for
Clothing/Apparel Textiles 114
Table 9 Drivers and Barriers of Nanotechnology Applications in Clothing/Apparel
Textiles . 117
Table 10 The Roadmap for Future Applications of Nanotechnology in Clothing/Apparel
Textiles . 120
Table 11 Additional Cost Caused by Adding Nanomaterials (Nanofinish) for Home
Textiles . 127
Table 12 Drivers and Barriers of Nanotechnology Applications in Home Textiles 131
Table 13 The Roadmap for Future Applications of Nanotechnology in Home Textiles .. 134
Table 14 Additional Cost Caused by Adding Nanomaterials (Nanofinish) for
Military/Defence Textiles . 152
Table 15 world's top 15 military spenders (from SIPRI 2011) 153
Table 16 Drivers and Barriers of Nanotechnology Applications in Military/Defense
Textiles . 154
Table 17 The Roadmap for Future Applications of Nanotechnology in Military/Defence
Textiles . 156
Table 18 Non-implantable Materials for Medical Textiles .. 160
Table 19 implantable Materials for Medical Textiles .. 160
Table 20 Extracorporeal Devices for Medical Textiles ... 161
Table 21 Healthcare/Hygiene Products for Medical Textiles .. 161
Table 22 Additional Cost Caused by Adding Nanotechnology for Medical Textiles ... 171
Table 23 Medical Products and Equipment rank 4th in terms of industry profitability (CNN
Money) .. 172
Table 24 Drivers and Barriers of Nanotechnology Applications in Medical Textiles . 173
Table 25 Additional Cost Caused by Adding Nanomaterials (Nanofinish) for
Sports/Outdoor Textiles ... 185
Table 26 Drivers and Barriers of Nanotechnology Applications in Sports/Outdoor Textiles
.. 187
Table 27 The Roadmap for Future Applications of Nanotechnology in Sports/Outdoor
Textiles . 189
Table 28 Estimated Consumption of Technical Textile in Various Applications . 193
Table 29 Additional Cost Caused by Adding Nanotechnology for Technical Textiles 210
Table 30 Drivers and Barriers of Nanotechnology Applications in Technical and Smart
Textiles . 212

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