INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

BCC’s goal in conducting this study was to determine the current status of the worldwide demand for bulk acoustic wave filters and duplexers and to assess its growth potential over a five-year period from 2010 to 2016. We were particularly interested in the stimulation in demand for acoustic wave technology induced by the recent surge in the usage of handsets, tablets and wireless devices. In addition, we were interested in the market potential for new emerging bulk acoustic wave sensor technologies.

Our key objective was to present a comprehensive analysis of the current bulk acoustic wave technologies market and its future direction.

REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY

In addition to their traditional functions in national defense and industrial applications, bulk acoustic wave technologies are becoming a significant component of the world’s consumer electronics market. We were interested in determining where bulk acoustic wave devices were and where being used and examining their growth potential. We also were especially interested in determining the technology types currently in use and their specific applications.

BCC over the past several years has examined the sensor industry. Within this time period, bulk acoustic wave devices have emerged rapidly as a passive sensor having diverse application; as a consequence, the use of this technology is changing fast, and we wanted to conduct a thorough and detailed analysis and project its growth potential.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

We have compiled a study of current bulk acoustic wave devices and new emerging bulk acoustic wave sensor technologies. We present the bulk acoustic wave technology industry’s economic environment, technological descriptions and issues, applications, market factors and potential, and we project shipments for 2010 and 2016. We also project market values and distribution of bulk acoustic wave technologies in five major market sectors. This study will be of interest to the sensor technologies industry, bulk acoustic wave filter and duplexer manufacturers, distributors, system integrators and research institutions. It will be of interest also to manufacturers of wireless device and systems and communication technology developers in addition to manufacturers of information technology hardware devices, semiconductor device manufacturers and electronic component manufacturers.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

The scope of this study encompasses the major types of bulk acoustic wave (BAW) technologies. BCC analyzes each bulk acoustic wave technology type, determines its current market status, examines its impact on future markets, and presents forecasts of growth over the next five years. Technological issues including the latest trends are discussed as are other influential factors such as the increased use of bulk acoustic wave sensors detection applications by law enforcement and emergency responder entities.

BCC analyzes the industry on a worldwide basis, both from a manufacturing and a demand point of view. We examine government regulation and bulk acoustic wave industry organizations and activities in major regions of the world. The role that bulk acoustic wave sensor technologies play in wireless communication and industrial, military and safety monitoring as well as instrumentation is also examined.

METHODOLOGY

BCC presents an analysis, by each bulk acoustic wave technology type, of the estimated demand for filters and duplexers in 2010. Our estimated value is what buying entities have paid in undepreciated dollars. Then, based on our study, we analyze the potential applications for each technology and forecast unit shipments for 2010 and 2016. We also analyze the demand for bulk acoustic wave devices by five major market sectors that use bulk acoustic wave technology. All tables and figures are calculated in 2010 constant U.S. dollars.

INFORMATION SOURCES

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this study. BCC conducted an analysis of data generated by U.S. government agencies, industry trade association and international organizations to obtain data for this study. We also spoke with manufacturers of various bulk acoustic wave technology types in the United States and manufacturers’ associations in Japan. In addition, we compiled data from current financial and trade information sources.

AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS

Carlet Auguste is president and CEO of Efficiency Engineering Inc., a consulting firm that provides technology engineering services to corporations and nonprofit organizations. He consults regularly with government and private industry companies from a variety of fields of engineering to help create technology innovations for the private sector as well as government customers needing technology solutions for national defense. He previously worked for a U.S. government agency in the area of intelligence and security.

Table Of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1
REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY 1
INTENDED AUDIENCE 1
SCOPE AND FORMAT 2
METHODOLOGY 2
INFORMATION SOURCES 2
AUTHOR’S CREDENTIALS 3
RELATED BCC REPORTS 3
BCC ONLINE SERVICES 3
DISCLAIMER 4
CHAPTER TWO: SUMMARY 5
SUMMARY 5
SUMMARY (CONTINUED) 6
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE
DEVICES, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 7
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE
DEVICES, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 7
CHAPTER THREE: OVERVIEW 8
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATORS 8
TABLE 1 ADVANTAGES OF BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSORS 9
TABLE 2 BULK ACOUSTIC PRODUCTS ON THE MARKET 10
TABLE 3 COMPARISON OF BULK ACOUSTIC DEVICES AND
COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE FILTERS ACROSS THE RADIO
FREQUENCY COMMUNICATION BANDS 10
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSORS FEATURES 11
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSORS ADVANTAGES 11
TECHNOLOGY TRENDS IMPACTING BULK ACOUSTIC
WAVE SENSORS’ APPLICATION GROWTH 11
Acoustic Wave Sensors 12
Overcoming the Filter Cost and Size Bottleneck of Next-
Generation Mobile Handsets 12
Bulk Acoustic Wave Technology Applications 12
TABLE 4 TYPICAL BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSOR APPLICATIONS 13
TABLE 5 BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSOR COMMUNICATION
TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS 14
Air Interface Technologies 14
Fourth Generation Long-Term Evolution 14
Long-Term Evolution (LTE) 15
Long-Term Evolution (LTE) (Continued) 16
TABLE 6 FREQUENCY DIVISION DUPLEXING (FDD) DOWNLINK
PEAK DATA RATES (640AM) 17
TABLE 7 FREQUENCY DIVISION DUPLEXING (FDD) UPLINK PEAK
DATA RATES (SINGLE ANTENNA) 17
TABLE 8 TRANSMISSION BANDWIDTH CONFIGURATION 17
Transmission Bandwidth Configurations In LTE 18
TABLE 9 FREQUENCY BANDS SUPPORTED IN LTE 18
Transmission Bandwidth Configurations …
(Continued) 19
Broadband PCS 20
Narrowband PCS 20
Wideband Code Division Multiple Accesses (WCDMA) 21
WIRELESS DEVICES 22
Laptops and PDAs 22
Growth of Wireless Broadband 23
Wi-Fi Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
(WiMAX) 23
Wi-Fi Worldwide …(Continued)) 24
FIGURE 1 INDUSTRY FORECASTS OF MOBILE DATA TRAFFIC,
2009-2014 25
FIGURE 1 (CONTINUED) 26
Growing Spectrum Needs 27
Spectrum ? The Great Enabler 28
The Importance of Spectrum Flexibility 29
OTHER POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS FOR ACOUSTIC WAVE
SENSORY DEVICE 30
INDUSTRIAL 30
Safety 31
Security 31
Radio Frequency (RF) Tagging 31
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE TECHNOLOGY 32
Bulk Acoustic Wave Transducers Materials 32
TABLE 10 BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE FILTER MATERIALS 33
Fabrication of Acoustic Transducers 33
TABLE 11 BULK ACOUSTIC DEVICE PACKAGING 34
Bulk Acoustic Wave Filters and Duplexers 34
TABLE 12 KEY BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICES 35
BAW Fundamentals 35
TABLE 13 FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE
SENSORS 35
Device Architecture 36
Process Issues 36
Quality Factor (Q Factor) 37
Thin Film and Solidly Mounted Bulk Acoustic Wave
Resonators 37
Duplexers 37
CHAPTER FOUR: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE 38
TRANSDUCERS 38
GLOBAL BAW FILTERS MARKET 38
TABLE 14 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BAW FILTERS BY REGION,
THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 39
TABLE 15 KEY DRIVERS OF THE BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSOR
INDUSTRY 39
GLOBAL BAW DUPLEXERS MARKET 40
TABLE 16 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BAW DUPLEXERS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 40
TABLE 17 THE WORLD’S TOP BUYERS OF BULK ACOUSTIC
SENSORS 41
CHAPTER FIVE: THE EUROPEAN MARKET 42
EUROPE 42
TABLE 18 EUROPEAN DEMAND FOR BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE
DEVICES, BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 42
EUROPE (CONTINUED) 43
TABLE 19 EUROPEAN DEMAND FOR BAW DUPLEXERS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 44
EUROPE (CONTINUED) 45
TABLE 20 EUROPEAN DEMAND FOR BAW FILTERS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 46
TABLE 21 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 47
TABLE 22 EUROPEAN REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK
ACOUSTIC RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 48
TABLE 23 ESTIMATES FOR EUROPEAN TERRITORIES
GENERATING SIGNIFICANT SALES ACTIVITY FOR BULK
ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICES 49
TABLE 24 RANKING OF EUROPEAN MARKETS FOR BAW FILTERS
AND DUPLEXERS 49
FRANCE 49
TABLE 25 FRANCE’S MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 50
TABLE 26 FRANCE’S REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 50
GERMANY 51
TABLE 27 GERMAN MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 51
TABLE 28 GERMAN REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 52
ITALY 53
TABLE 29 ITALY’S MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 53
TABLE 30 ITALY’S REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 54
NORWAY 54
TABLE 31 NORWAY’S MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 55
TABLE 32 NORWAY’S REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 55
NETHERLANDS 56
TABLE 33 THE NETHERLANDS MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK
ACOUSTIC RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 57
TABLE 34 THE NETHERLANDS REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK
ACOUSTIC RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 57
THE UNITED KINGDOM 58
TABLE 35 THE U K MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 58
TABLE 36 U K REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 59
CHAPTER SIX: THE ASIAN MARKET 60
ASIA 60
TABLE 37 ASIAN DEMAND FOR BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICES,
BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 60
ASIA (CONTINUED) 61
TABLE 38 ASIA DEMAND FOR BAW FILTERS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 62
TABLE 39 ASIAN DEMAND FOR BAW DUPLEXERS IN, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 63
ASIA (CONTINUED) 64
TABLE 40 ASIAN MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 65
TABLE 41 ASIA REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 65
TABLE 42 RANKING OF ASIAN MARKETS FOR BULK ACOUSTIC
WAVE FILTERS AND DUPLEXERS 66
TABLE 43 ESTIMATES FOR ASIAN SALES TERRITORIES
GENERATING CONSIDERABLE SALES FOR BULK ACOUSTIC
WAVE DEVICES 67
AUSTRALIA 67
TABLE 44 AUSTRALIAN MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK
ACOUSTIC RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 68
TABLE 45 AUSTRALIA REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK
ACOUSTIC RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 68
JAPAN 69
TABLE 46 JAPAN MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 70
TABLE 47 JAPAN’S REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 70
INDIA 71
TABLE 48 INDIAN MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
WAVE RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 71
TABLE 49 INDIAN REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 72
CHINA 73
TABLE 50 CHINA’S MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 73
TABLE 51 CHINA’S REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 74
SOUTH KOREA 74
TABLE 52 SOUTH KOREAN MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK
ACOUSTIC RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 53 SOUTH KOREA REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK
ACOUSTIC RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 75
TAIWAN 76
TABLE 54 TAIWAN MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 55 TAIWAN REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 77
SOUTHEAST ASIA 78
TABLE 56 SOUTHEAST ASIA DEMAND FOR BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE
DUPLEXERS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 57 SOUTHEAST ASIA DEMAND FOR BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE
FILTER, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 58 ESTIMATE FOR SOUTHEAST ASIAN SALES TERRITORY
GENERATING SIGNIFICANT SALES ACTIVITY FOR BULK
ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICES 80
TABLE 59 SOUTHEAST ASIA MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK
ACOUSTIC RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 60 SOUTHEAST ASIA REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK
ACOUSTIC RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 81
INDONESIA 82
TABLE 61 INDONESIAN MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 62 INDONESIAN REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK
ACOUSTIC RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 83
THAILAND 84
TABLE 63 THAILAND’S MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 84
TABLE 64 THAILAND’S REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK
ACOUSTIC RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 85
CHAPTER SEVEN: THE AMERICAS 86
THE AMERICAS MARKET 86
TABLE 65 AMERICAN DEMAND FOR BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE
DEVICES BY REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 86
UNITED STATES 87
TABLE 66 U S DEMAND FOR BAW FILTERS AND DUPLEXERS,
THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 87
TABLE 67 U S MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 88
TABLE 68 U S REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 89
TABLE 69 ESTIMATES FOR REGIONS IN THE U S GENERATING
THE MOST SALES FOR BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICES 90
CANADA 90
TABLE 70 CANADA’S DEMAND FOR BAW FILTERS AND
DUPLEXERS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 90
TABLE 71 CANADA’S MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 91
TABLE 72 CANADA’S REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 91
MEXICO 92
TABLE 73 MEXICAN DEMAND FOR BAW FILTERS AND
DUPLEXERS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 92
TABLE 74 MEXICO’S MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 93
TABLE 75 MEXICO’S REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 94
BRAZIL 94
TABLE 76 BRAZIL’S DEMAND FOR BAW FILTERS AND DUPLEXERS,
THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 95
TABLE 77 BRAZIL’S MARKET FOR THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC
RESONATORS, BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 95
TABLE 78 BRAZILIAN REVENUES FOR THIN FILM BULK
ACOUSTIC RESONATORS BY KEY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 96
TABLE 79 ESTIMATES FOR SALES TERRITORIES IN THE REST OF
THE AMERICAS GENERATING THE MOST SALES FOR BULK
ACOUSTIC WAVE FILTERS AND DUPLEXERS 97
CHAPTER EIGHT: GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS 98
UNITED STATES 98
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION: PART 15 98
TABLE 80 (A) EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE EXEMPTED IN 15 23, 15 103,
AND 15 113, UNINTENTIONAL RADIATORS SHALL BE
AUTHORIZED PRIOR TO THE INITIATION OF MARKETING, AS
FOLLOWS: 99
Federal Communications … (Continued) 100
PERFOR MANCE OF WIRELESS FUNCTIONS 101
WIRELESS COEXISTENCE 102
SOFTWARE 102
EMC AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS 102
ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS 103
Surgical Rooms 103
Intensive Care Units 103
Intermediate Care or Step-Down Unit 104
Emergency Vehicles 104
Home 104
RISK ANALYSIS AND CONTROL MEASURES 104
Design and Development Verification 105
JAPAN 105
JAPAN (CONTINUED) 106
TAIWAN 107
TECHNICAL REGULATIONS 107
PLMN08 107
Content and reference 107
Low power radio device LP0002: 107
PLMN05 108
Scope: 108
Application: 108
CHAPTER NINE: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 109
TABLE 81 MAJOR BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSORS RESEARCH
CENTERS 109
TABLE 82 KEY TECHNOLOGICAL OBJECTIVES IN BULK ACOUSTIC
WAVE SENSOR RESEARCH 110
IN SITU PLANETARY MISSIONS 110
DETERMINATION OF ZNO TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENTS
USING THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATORS 111
PASSIVE WIRELESS ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSORS FOR
MONITORING CO2 EMISSIONS FOR GEOLOGICAL
SEQUESTRATION SITES ? BACKGROUND 112
A LASER PROBE BASED ON A SAGNAC INTERFEROMETER
WITH FAST MECHANICAL SCAN FOR RF SURFACE AND
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICES 113
PROPERTIES OF LINBO3 THIN FILM DEPOSITED BY CHEMICAL
VAPOR DEPOSITION AND FREQUENCY CHARACTERISTICS
OF FILM BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR 113
CHARACTERIZATION OF ENERGY TRAPPING IN A BULK
ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR 114
OPTIMIZED REFLECTOR STACKS FOR SOLIDLY MOUNTED
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATORS MESA 114
MODELING OF BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICES BUILT ON
PIEZOELECTRIC STACK STRUCTURES ? IMPEDANCE
MATRIX ANALYSIS AND NETWORK REPRESENTATION 115
A LATERAL-FIELD?EXCITED LITAO3 HIGH-FREQUENCY BULK
ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSOR 116
ANALYSIS OF TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION IN A PLATE
THICKNESS MODE BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR 116
HIGH-Q ALN/SIO2 SYMMETRIC COMPOSITE THIN FILM BULK
ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATORS 116
SELF-HEATING STUDY OF BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE
RESONATORS UNDER HIGH RF POWER 117
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE FILTERS SYNTHESIS AND
OPTIMIZATION FOR MULTI-STANDARD COMMUNICATION
TERMINALS 117
THE EFFECTS OF RELATIVE HUMIDITY AND REDUCING GASES
ON THE TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT OF RESONANT
FREQUENCY OF ZNO-BASED FILM BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE
RESONATOR 118
TUNABLE THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR
BASED ON BA(X)SR(1-X)TIO3 THIN FILM 118
ACOUSTIC META-MATERIALS IN MEMS BAW RESONATORS 119
CHARACTERISTICS OF PURE-SHEAR MODE BAW RESONATORS
CONSISTING OF (1120) TEXTURED ZNO FILMS 119
MODELING FOR TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION AND
TEMPERATURE CHARACTERIZATIONS OF BAW
RESONATORS AT GHZ FREQUENCIES 119
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF ACOUSTIC SUBSTRATE
LOSSES IN 1850-MHZ THIN FILM BAW RESONATORS 120
1 05-GHZ CMOS OSCILLATOR BASED ON LATERAL- FIELDEXCITED
PIEZOELECTRIC ALN CONTOUR- MODE MEMS
RESONATORS 121
MULTI-BAND RADIO-FREQUENCY FILTERS FABRICATED
USING POLYIMIDE-BASED MEMBRANE TRANSFER
BONDING TECHNOLOGY 121
INVESTIGATIONS ON LGS AND LGT CRYSTALS TO REALIZE
BAW RESONATORS 122
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE BACTERIAL GROWTH SENSOR
APPLIED TO ANALYSIS OF ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES OF
TEA 122
TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS 123
ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE BIOSENSORS 123
ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC
DEVICES 124
BULK ACOUSTIC SENSORS FOR THE DETECTION OF
PATHOGENIC SPORES IN AQUEOUS CONDITIONS 125
PASSIVE WIRELESS ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSORS FOR
MONITORING CO2 EMISSIONS FOR GEOLOGICAL
SEQUESTRATION SITES BACKGROUND 125
SANDIA’S TINY ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSORS WILL DETECT
MINUTE TRACES OF DANGEROUS CHEMICALS 126
Sandia’s Tiny Acoustic …(Continued) 127
Sandia’s Tiny Acoustic …(Continued) 128
CHAPTER TEN: COMPANY PROFILES 129
TABLE 83 RANKING OF LEADING BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE
MANUFACTURERS 129
AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES 129
CTS CORPORATION 130
ECS INC INTERNATIONAL 130
EPSON ELECTRONICS AMERICA INC 131
ILSI AMERICA 132
QUALTRÉ INC 132
QUALTRÉ TECHNOLOGY 133
SENGENUITY 133
TAI-SAW TECHNOLOGY CO , LTD 134
TELEDYNE MICROWAVE 134
TRIQUINT SEMICONDUCTOR, INC 135
CHAPTER ELEVEN: PATENT ANALYSIS 136
GLOBAL PATENT TRENDS 136
TABLE 84 BAW PATENTS BY REGION 136
TABLE 85 GLOBAL PATENT GENERATION TRENDS BY
TECHNOLOGY 137
TABLE 86 GLOBAL PATENTS STATISTICS BY INDUSTRY SECTOR 137
U S PATENT TRENDS 137
TABLE 87 U S PATENT GENERATION TRENDS BY TECHNOLOGY 138
TABLE 88 U S PATENTS STATISTICS BY INDUSTRY SECTOR 138
U S REGISTERED PATENTS 139
TABLE 89 UNITED STATES BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSOR
PATENTS 139
TABLE 89 (CONTINUED) 140
SAMPLE ABSTRACTS OF U S PATENTS 140
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSOR 140
ANALYTE GAS SENSOR 141
HANDWASHING COMPLIANCE DETECTION SYSTEM 141
MICROMECHANICAL SENSOR, SENSOR ARRAY AND
METHOD 141
METHOD FOR CHEMICAL SENSOR FABRICATION AND
RELATED SENSOR 141
APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MEASUREMENT OF
MASS AND HEAT FLOW CHANGES 142
DIAMOND OR DIAMOND LIKE CARBON COATED
CHEMICAL SENSORS AND A METHOD OF MAKING
SAME 142
FREQUENCY WARPING FOR IMPROVING RESONATOR
SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO 142
THIN FILM BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSOR SUITE 143
WIRELESS OIL FILTER SENSOR 143
METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING
PROPERTIES OF A FLUID 143
SYSTEM AND METHOD TO DETERMINE OIL QUALITY
UTILIZING A SINGLE MULTI-FUNCTION SURFACE
ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSOR 144
OIL QUALITY SENSOR STRUCTURE FOR PERMANENT
APPLICATIONS 144
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING ESTRADIOL
AND METABOLITES THEREOF USING AN ACOUSTIC
DEVICE 144
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING
RESPIRATORY GASES DURING ANESTHESIA 145
VEHICLE GROUND CONTACT ELEMENT, TIRE AND
VEHICLE GROUND CONTACT 145
ACTIVE THREAT DETECTION AND ELIMINATION WHILE
IN TRANSIT 145
EUROPEAN PATENT TRENDS 145
TABLE 90 EUROPEAN PATENT GENERATION TRENDS BY
TECHNOLOGY 146
TABLE 91 EUROPEAN PATENT STATISTICS BY INDUSTRY SECTOR 146
EUROPEAN REGISTERED PATENTS 146
TABLE 92 EUROPE BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE PATENTS 147
TABLE 92 (CONTINUED) 148
SAMPLE ABSTRACTS OF EUROPEAN REGISTERED PATENTS 149
ACOUSTIC COUPLING LAYER FOR COUPLED RESONATOR
FILTERS AND METHOD OF FABRICATING ACOUSTIC
COUPLING LAYER 149
HYBRID BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR 149
RESONATOR, I E BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR,
PRODUCING METHOD FOR FILTER IN WIRELESS
COMMUNICATION DEVICE, INVOLVES FORMING
PIEZOELECTRIC LAYER ABOVE LOWER ELECTRODE,
AND FORMING UPPER ELECTRODE ON
PIEZOELECTRIC LAYER 149
THIN FILM PIEZOELECTRIC VIBRATOR, THIN FILM
PIEZOELECTRIC BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR,
AND RADIO-FREQUENCY FILTER USING SUCH
RESONATOR 150
FILM BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR-BASED
ETHANOL AND ACETONE SENSORS AND METHODS
USING THE SAME 150
METHOD OF FABRICATING PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIAL
WITH SELECTED C-AXIS ORIENTATION 150
BI-STABLE OSCILLATOR CIRCUIT FOR MICROBALANCE 151
SELF-MATCHED BAND REJECT FILTER 151
METHOD FOR PRODUCING A BULK WAVE ACOUSTIC
RESONATOR OF FBAR TYPE 151
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR AND METHOD OF
MANUFACTURING THEREOF 152
FILTER STRUCTURE 152
PHASE SHIFTER USING BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE
RESONATOR 153
ACOUSTIC WAVE DUPLEXER 153
ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE INCLUDING A SURFACE WAVE
FILTER AND A BULK WAVE FILTER, AND METHOD
FOR MAKING SAME 153
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR AND METHOD OF
FABRICATING SAME 153
ASIAN PATENT TRENDS 154
TABLE 93 KEY ASIA PATENT GENERATION TRENDS BY
TECHNOLOGY 154
TABLE 94 ASIAN PATENT STATISTICS BY INDUSTRY SECTOR 155
ASIAN REGISTERED PATENTS 155
TABLE 95 JAPAN BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE PATENTS 155
TABLE 95 (CONTINUED) 156
TABLE 95 (CONTINUED) 157
TABLE 96 CHINA BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSOR PATENTS 158
TABLE 97 SOUTH KOREA BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE PATENTS 158
TABLE 97 (CONTINUED) 159
TABLE 97 (CONTINUED) 160
TABLE 97 (CONTINUED) 161
TABLE 98 TAIWAN BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE PATENTS 162
SAMPLE ABSTRACTS OF ASIAN REGISTERED PATENTS 163
JAPAN 163
Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator and Electronic Component 163
Method of Manufacturing BAW Resonator 163
Filtering Circuit with Coupled Acoustic Resonator 164
Thin Film Bulk Wave Acoustic Resonator 164
Duplexer 164
Capacitive Bulk Acoustic Wave Disk Gyroscope Equipped
With Self Calibration 165
Piezoelectric Thin Film Resonator and Method of
Manufacturing the Same 165
Solidly Mounted Multi-Resonator Bulk Acoustic Wave
Filter With Patterned Acoustic Mirror 166
Bulk Acoustic Wave (BAW) Filter Having Reduced Second
Harmonic Generation and Method of Reducing Second
Harmonic Generation in BAW Filter 166
Bulk Acoustic Device and Method for Fabricating 166
Film Bulk Acoustic Resonator and its Manufacturing
Method 167
Piezoelectric Thin Film Resonator, Piezoelectric Thin
Film Resonator Filter, and its Manufacturing Method 167
Thin Film Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator, Filter, and
High Frequency Module Using It 168
Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator, Filter and
Communications Device 168
Manufacturing Method of BAW Resonator 168
Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator, Filter Device, and
Communication Device 169
Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator and Filter Circuit 169
Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator, Filter Circuit, and
Manufacturing Method of Bulk Acoustic Wave
Resonator 170
Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator, Manufacturing Method
Thereof, and Filter Circuit 170
Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator and Manufacturing
Method Thereof 171
Piezoelectric Thin Film Resonator and Manufacturing
Method Thereof 171
Piezoelectric Thin Film Resonator and Method of
Manufacturing the Same 172
Thin-Film Bulk Elastic Wave Oscillator and its
Manufacturing Method 172
Device Containing Controllable Thin-Film Bulk Acoustic
Resonator for Amplitude and Phase Modulation 173
Thin Film Bulk Acoustic Resonator, Filtering Device with
Same and Communication Apparatus 173
Film Bulk Acoustic Resonator and its Manufacturing
Method 173
Manufacturing Process of High-Frequency Thin-Film
Bulk Acoustic Wave Filter and Apparatus Thereof 174
Method and Apparatus for Determining Dynamic
Response of Microstructure 174
Film Type Bulk Acoustic 174
Film Type Bulk Acoustic Wave Device and its
Manufacturing Method 175
Acoustic Wave Filter and Method of Forming the Same 175
A Method for Manufacturing a Chamber of the Thin Film
Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator (FBAR) 175
Manufacturing Method of Steady-Type Film Bulk
Acoustic Wave Device 175
Manufacturing Method of Steady-Type Film Bulk
Acoustic Wave Device 176
Bulk Acoustic Wave Filter and Manufacturing Method
Thereof 176
Manufacturing Method of High-Quality Thin Film Type
Bulk Acoustic Wave Device 176
Micro Bulk Acoustic Wave Filter Multiplexer 177
Micro Bulk Acoustic Wave Filter Multiplexer 177
Bulk Acoustic Wave Device 177
Ladder Type Thin Film Bulk Acoustic Wave Ladder
Filters with Reflection Layers 177
Ladder Type Thin Film Bulk Acoustic Wave Filters 178
Ladder Type Thin Film Bulk Acoustic Wave Filters 178
FBAR-Based Sensing Apparatus 178
The Integrating Technique of Film Bulk Acoustic Wave
Filter and RF Circuit 178
The Integrating Technique of BAW Resonator and IC 179
SOUTH KOREA 179
Frequency Trimming Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonators and
Filters with Coils (Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonators and
Filters Having a Frequency Trimming Coil) 179
Using BAWR Dual-input Dual-output Filtering Device
and the Resonant Devices that can be Used as BAWR
(Dual-input Dual-output Flitering Device Using Bulk
Acoustic Wave Resonator and Resonance Device Used
as the Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator) 180
Acoustic Wave Resonator Device with the Volume Phase
Transition (Phase Shifter Using Bulk Acoustic Wave
Resonator) 180
Inductor 180
BAW Resonator and a Method of Forming the Resonator
(Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator) 181
Filter Circuit (Bulk Acoustic Wave Filter with Reduced
Nonlinear Signal Distortion) 181
Filter Circuit (Bulk Acoustic Wave Filter with Reduced
Nonlinear Signal Distortion) 181
With Minimum Phase Shift Continuous-time Integrated
Filters, and Geupilteoreul with Bandpass Sigma-Delta
Modulator (Continuous-Time Integrating Filter with
Minimum Phase Variation, and Bandpass Sigma-
Delta Modulator Using Such a Filter) 182
Duplexer Device and Manufacturing Method (Duplexer
Device and Manufacturing Method Thereof) 182
FBAR Device and Manufacturing Method (Film Bulk
Acoustic Wave Resonator and Methods of the Same
and the Package) 183
Bulk Acoustic Wave Devices Based on Titanium-Tungsten
Alloy Mirror Mitjeongeuk (Titanium-Tungsten Alloy
Based Mirrors and Electrodes in Bulk Acoustic Wave
Devices) 183
Thin Volume of High Frequency Acoustic Wave Resonator
Device and Manufacturing Method (High Frequency
Film Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator and Method for
Manufacturing the Same) ………………………………183
How to Tune the Frequency of the FBAR Device and
Method of Manufacture, Including them (Tuning
Process For Frequency of Film Bulk Acousticwave
Resonator Device and Manufacturing
Processcomprising Thereof) 184
Acoustic Wave Device and Method for Manufacturing The
Same Volume (Bulk Acoustic Wave Device and Process
of the Same) 184
Acoustic Wave Device and Method for Manufacturing the
Same Volume (Film Bulk Acoustic Wave Device and
Process of Manufacturing Thereof) 185
Ceramic Package (Ceramic Package) 186
Ceramic Package (Ceramic Package) 186
Seismic Volume of the Device and its Manufacturing
Method-only Package (Exclusive Package of Film Bulk
Acoustic Resonator and Process of the Same) 187
Multi-Electrode Manufacturing Methods, BAW Resonator
and Manufacturing Method (Method for Forming a
Multi-Layer Electrode Underlying a Piezoelectric
Layer and Related Structure) 187
Dual-Mode Acoustic Wave Sensor, and its Manufacturing
Method and Using the Same Biosensor System (Dual
Mode Acoustic Wave Sensor, Fabrication Method
Thereof and Biosensor System Using the Same) 187
Wafers, Wafer Manufacturing Method and Device (A
Wafer and a Method for Manufacturing a Wafer) 188
Ceramic Package 188
Process How to Build Acoustic Wave Devices (the Method
of Acoustic Wave Device Fabrication Using LCMP) 188
Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator and Manufacturing
Method (Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator and its
Manufacturing Method) 189
Thin Film Filter (Thin Film Resonator) 189
Acoustic Wave Device and Method for Manufacturing the
Same Volume of Silicon (Silicon Film Bulk Acoustic
Wave Device and Process of the Same) 190
Acoustic Wave Filter Package (Acoustic Wave Filter
Package) 190
Piezoelectric Polymer Film Manufacturing Method Using
the Volumetric Acoustic Wave Resonator (Bulk
Acoustic Wave Resonator’s Manufacturing Method
Thereof Using Polyvinylidene Fluoride) 190
Volume of the Resonator Acoustic Wave Duplexers (Bulk
Acoustic Wave Resonator Duplexer) 191
CHINA 191
Film Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator Wafer and Method of
Fabricating 191
Film Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator Wafer and Method of
Fabricating 192
Bulk Acoustic Wave Sensor with High Stability 192
Integrated Wafer Level Package 193
Piezoelectric Film Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonator 193
Piezoelectric Film Bulk Acoustic Wave Sensor with
Polygonal Electrodes 194
Piezoelectric Film Bulk Acoustic Wave Sensor with
Polygonal Electrodes 194
TAIWAN 194
Delta Electronics, Inc 194
Delta Electronics, Inc (Continued) 195

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