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Global Refractories Industry

  • August 2016
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  • Global Industry Analysts
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  • 600 pages

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Refractories in Thousand Tons and US$ Million by Form (Bricks & Shapes, and Monolithics & Others), by Materials (Clay Refractories, and Non-Clay Refractories) and by End-Use Segments (Iron & Steel, Cement, Ceramics & Glass, and Others). The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and Latin America. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2015 through 2022. Also, a six-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 117 companies including many key and niche players such as -

Acera Technology Inc.
Chosun Refractories Co. Ltd.
HarbisonWalker International
Imerys
Krosaki Harima Corporation

Table Of Contents

Global Refractories Industry


I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY and PRODUCT DEFINITIONS

Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1 Disclaimers.............. I-2 Data Interpretation and Reporting Level I-2 Quantitative Techniques and Analytics I-3 Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3 Form.............. I-3 Bricks and Shapes.............. I-3 Monolithics and Others..............I-3 Material.............. I-3 Clay Refractories.............. I-3 Non-Clay Refractories..............I-4 End-Use Segments.............. I-4

II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. OUTLOOK.............. II-1 A Prelude.............. II-1 Key Factors Determining Growth in Refractories Market II-1 Select Key Trends in the Global Refractory Market II-2 Global Market Bounces Back from Recession II-2 Regional Outlook.............. II-2 Historic Market Volumes Remain History in Developed Markets II-3 Current and Future Analysis..............II-3 Volume Demand.............. II-3 By Form Type.............. II-4 By Material Type..............II-4 By End-Use Segment..............II-4 Value Sales.............. II-4 By Form Type.............. II-4 By Material Type..............II-4

2. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW.............. II-5 Improving Global GDP to Drive Global Refractories Market II-5 Table 1: Real GDP Growth Rates (%) in Major World Economies: 2014-2017E (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-6 Table 2: World GDP (2014 and 2015): Percentage Breakdown of Nominal GDP Value by Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-7 A Peek into Market Dynamics of Major End-Use Sectors II-8 Key Drivers of Refractories by End-Use Sector II-8 Iron and Steel.............. II-8 World Steel Production Scenario II-8 Table 3: World Crude Steel Production (2014): Volume Output in Thousand Tonnes by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-9

Table 4: World Crude Steel Production (2006-2015E): Volume Output in Million Tonnes (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-9 Outlook for Steel Demand and Production II-10 Table 5: World Crude Steel Production Outlook (2015-2020F): Volume Output in Million Tonnes (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-10 Cement.............. II-10 Recovery of Global Cement Industry to Drive Sales of Refractories.............. II-10 Table 6: Leading Cement Producing Countries Worldwide (2015E): Annual Volume Output in Million Tons (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-11

Table 7: Leading Cement Producing Companies Worldwide (2015E): Annual Production Capacity of Top 10 Producers (in Million Tons) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-12 Glass Manufacturing..............II-12 Improving Demand for Flat Glass to Drive Refractory Materials Market.............. II-12 Growth Drivers for Flat Glass Industry: On a Scale 1-10 (10 - High Impact; 1 - Low Impact) II-13 Other Sectors.............. II-13 Growing Demand for Ceramic Tiles to Drive Demand for Refractory Materials..............II-13 Rising Aluminum Demand to Drive Refractories Market II-14

3. MAJOR GLOBAL TRENDS and ISSUES..............II-15 Iron and Steel to Support Strong Demand for Refractory Materials II-15 Refractory Usage Levels to Drop..............II-15 Monolithics expected to Outshine Bricks and Shapes II-15 Nonferrous Applications to Spearhead Growth in Refractories Market.............. II-16 China and India: Providing New Growth Opportunities II-16 CIVETS: New Hope in the Longer Term II-16 Customization of Refractories Catches On II-17 A Highly Fragmented Marketplace Benefits Raw Material Suppliers II-17 Demand for Efficient and Durable Refractories Rises II-17 Global Refractories Industry to Consolidate II-17 Market Leaders.............. II-18 Table 8: Leading Players in the World Refractories Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Top 10 Companies' Revenues (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18

4. REFRACTORY RAW MATERIALS - AN OVERVIEW II-19 Brief Overview of Raw Material Supply Scenario II-19 Key Raw Materials for Refractories - A Review II-19 Alumina.............. II-19 Table 9: World Non-Metallurgical Alumina Production (2014): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Output by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-19 Bauxite.............. II-20 Table 10: World Bauxite Production (2015E): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Output by Leading Bauxite Producing Countries (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-20 Chinese Clout in Global Refractory Bauxite Supply - A Cause of Concern.............. II-20 Table 11: Historic Review of Chinese Refractory Bauxite Exports: Annual Export Volume in Thousand Tonnes for Years 2002-2011 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-21 Alternative Minerals to Witness Increased Adoption as Bauxite Supply Diminishes..............II-21 Graphite.............. II-22 Refractories: A Major End-Use Market for Natural Graphite II-22 Table 12: Major Markets for Flake Graphite Worldwide (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption by End-Use Sector (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-23 Demand Rises for Higher Quality Graphite II-23 Leading Producers.............. II-23 Table 13: World Flake Graphite Production by Country (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Output for China, India, Brazil and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-24 Brazil and Canada to See Role Expansion II-24 Fluctuating Prices - A Threat..............II-24 Refractory Manufacturers to Invest in Graphite Mines to Tackle Rising Graphite Prices II-25 Prices under Threat as Problems Grow in Chinese Graphite Mines II-25 Magnesia.............. II-26 Major Applications in Refractories II-26 China Leads Global Supply..............II-26 Table 14: World Refractory Magnesia Demand (2014): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption by Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-26 Kyanite and Other Related Minerals II-27 Table 15: World Production of Kyanite and Related Minerals (2014 and 2015): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Production by Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-27

5. TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS..............II-28 Prelude.............. II-28 Advancements in Material Technology II-28 Anti-Hydration MgO-CaO..............II-28 Advancements in Engineering..............II-29 Researchers Explore Usage of Nanomaterials in Refractory Industry II-29

6. PRODUCT OVERVIEW.............. II-31 Introduction.............. II-31 Features and Benefits..............II-31 Glass-Furnace Silica Refractories II-31 Insulating Firebrick..............II-32 Ceramic Fiber Modules..............II-32 Non-Ceramic Fiber Blankets and Modules II-32 Microporous Insulation..............II-32 Refractory Products by Form..............II-33 Bricks and Shapes..............II-33 Crucibles.............. II-33 Carbon-Bonded Crucible..............II-33 Clay Graphite Crucibles..............II-33 Oxide Refractory Crucibles..............II-34 Specialties/Monolithics..............II-34 Preformed Refractory Shapes..............II-35 Refractory Products by Material..............II-35 Clay Refractories..............II-35 High-Alumina.............. II-35 Insulating.............. II-35 Fireclay.............. II-36 Ladle.............. II-36 Non-Clay Refractories..............II-36 Basic.............. II-36 Extra-High Alumina..............II-36 Others.............. II-37 End-Use Markets.............. II-37

7. PRODUCT INTRODUCTIONS..............II-38 ANH Refractories Launches Revamped Product Range for Cement Sector.............. II-38 Magnezit Group Introduces New Quality of Refractory Products II-38 Bucher Emhart Glass Launches EmLite 30, a Lightweight Refractory Material, and Forehearth Channel Blocks II-38 Magnezit Group Launches New Grades of Bricks for Glass Industry to Extend its Refractory Products Range II-38

8. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY..............II-39 ANH Refractories Rebrands itself as HarbisonWalker International II-39 Bucher Emhart Glass Renews Refractory License Agreement with Parkinson-Spencer..............II-39 Imerys' subsidiary, Calderys Launches New Monolithic Refractory Plant in India..............II-39 Magnesita Refratários Sign Three Year Agreement with ACIS II-39 Magnezit Group Commissions Second Line for Production of Unshaped Refractories in China..............II-39 Thorpe Specialty Acquires Assets of Clayburn Refractories to Expand Base in Canada..............II-40 Stellar Materials Acquires Three North American Refractories Companies.............. II-40

9. FOCUS ON SELECT PLAYERS..............II-41 Acera Technology (US)..............II-41 Chosun Refractories Co., Ltd. (South Korea) II-41 HarbisonWalker International (US) II-41 Imerys (France).............. II-41 Krosaki Harima Corporation (Japan) II-42 Magnesita Refratários SA (Brazil) II-42 Magnezit Group (Russia)..............II-43 MINTEQ International, Inc. (US)..............II-43 Refratechnik Group (Germany)..............II-43 RHI AG (Austria).............. II-44 Saint-Gobain S.A. (France)..............II-44 SEEIF Ceramic, a.s. (Czech Republic) II-44 Shinagawa Refractories Co., Ltd. (Japan) II-45 Vesuvius plc (UK).............. II-45

10. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE..............II-46 A. Volume Analytics.............. II-46 Table 16: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-46

Table 17: World Historic Review for Refractories by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-47

Table 18: World 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-48 Refractories Market by Form Type II-49 Table 19: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractory Bricks and Shapes by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-49

Table 20: World Historic Review for Refractory Bricks and Shapes by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-50

Table 21: World 14-Year Perspective for Refractory Bricks and Shapes by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-51

Table 22: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractory Monolithics and Other Forms by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-52

Table 23: World Historic Review for Refractory Monolithics and Other Forms by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-53

Table 24: World 14-Year Perspective for Refractory Monolithics and Other Forms by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-54 Refractories Market by Material Type II-55 Table 25: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Clay Refractories by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-55

Table 26: World Historic Review for Clay Refractories by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-56

Table 27: World 14-Year Perspective for Clay Refractories by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-57

Table 28: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Non-Clay Refractories by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-58

Table 29: World Historic Review for Non-Clay Refractories by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-59

Table 30: World 14-Year Perspective for Non-Clay Refractories by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-60 Refractories Market by End-Use Segment II-61 Table 31: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories in Iron and Steel Industry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-61

Table 32: World Historic Review for Refractories in Iron and Steel Industry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-62

Table 33: World 14-Year Perspective for Refractories in Iron and Steel Industry by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-63

Table 34: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories in Cement Industry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-64

Table 35: World Historic Review for Refractories in Cement Industry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-65

Table 36: World 14-Year Perspective for Refractories in Cement Industry by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-66

Table 37: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories in Ceramics and Glass Industry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-67

Table 38: World Historic Review for Refractories in Ceramics and Glass Industry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-68

Table 39: World 14-Year Perspective for Refractories in Ceramics and Glass Industry by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-69

Table 40: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories in Other Applications by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-70

Table 41: World Historic Review for Refractories in Other Applications by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-71

Table 42: World 14-Year Perspective for Refractories in Other Applications by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-72 B. Dollar Analytics.............. II-73 Table 43: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-73

Table 44: World Historic Review for Refractories by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-74

Table 45: World 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-75 Refractories Market by Form Type II-76 Table 46: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractory Bricks and Shapes by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-76

Table 47: World Historic Review for Refractory Bricks and Shapes by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-77

Table 48: World 14-Year Perspective for Refractory Bricks and Shapes by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-78

Table 49: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractory Monolithics and Other Forms by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-79

Table 50: World Historic Review for Refractory Monolithics and Other Forms by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-80

Table 51: World 14-Year Perspective for Refractory Monolithics and Other Forms by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-81 Refractories Market by Material Type II-82 Table 52: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Clay Refractories by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-82

Table 53: World Historic Review for Clay Refractories by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-83

Table 54: World 14-Year Perspective for Clay Refractories by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-84

Table 55: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Non-Clay Refractories by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-85

Table 56: World Historic Review for Non-Clay Refractories by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-86

Table 57: World 14-Year Perspective for Non-Clay Refractories by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-87



III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES.............. III-1 A.Market Analysis.............. III-1 Current and Future Analysis..............III-1 By Volume Demand.............. III-1 By Value Sales.............. III-1 Refractories Market on the Rise III-1 Table 58: US Annual Crude Steel Production in Thousand Tonnes: 2006-2015E (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-2 Construction Industry Outlook in the US III-2 Demand Outlook for Construction Materials III-3 Residential Construction Market to Drive Cement Demand and Refractories.............. III-3 Table 59: US Production of Portland and Masonry Cement: Volume Output in Million Tons for Years 2007-2015E (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-4 Refractories - The Major Application of Graphite in the US III-4 Demand Rises for Recycled Refractory Graphite III-4 Evolution of US Clay and Non Clay Refractories Industry - A Historical Perspective..............III-4 Market Trends.............. III-5 Industrial Growth Fuels Demand for Refractories III-5 Advanced and Specialty Products Garner Consumer Interest III-6 Monolithics Refractories Lead Recovery III-6 US to Evolve Into a Net Import Market III-6 Import-Export Scenario..............III-7 Table 60: US Exports of Refractory Cements, Mortars, Concretes and Similar Compositions (2014 and 2015): Percentage Breakdown of Value Exports by Country of Destination (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-7

Table 61: US Imports of Refractory Cements, Mortars, Concretes and Similar Compositions (2014 and 2015): Percentage Breakdown of Value Imports by Country of Origin (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-8 Competitive Scenario..............III-9 Table 62: US Refractory Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Revenues by Leading Companies (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-9 Product Launch.............. III-9 Strategic Corporate Developments III-9 Key Players.............. III-10 B.Market Analytics..............III-11 Volume Analytics..............III-11 Table 63: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-11

Table 64: US Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-12

Table 65: US 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-13

Table 66: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-14

Table 67: US Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-15

Table 68: US 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-16

Table 69: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-17

Table 70: US Historic Review for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-18

Table 71: US 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-19 Dollar Analytics..............III-20 Table 72: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-20

Table 73: US Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-21

Table 74: US 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-22

Table 75: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-23

Table 76: US Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-24

Table 77: US 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-25

2. CANADA.............. III-26 A.Market Analysis.............. III-26 Current and Future Analysis..............III-26 By Volume Demand.............. III-26 By Value Sales.............. III-26 Good Prospects in Construction Sector to Surge Demand for Refractories.............. III-26 Import-Export Scenario..............III-27 Table 78: Canadian Exports of Refractory Cements, Mortars, Concretes and Similar Compositions (2014 and 2015): Percentage Breakdown of Value Exports by Country of Destination (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-27

Table 79: Canadian Imports of Refractory Cements, Mortars, Concretes and Similar Compositions (2014 and 2015): Percentage Breakdown of Value Imports by Country of Origin (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-28 B.Market Analytics..............III-29 Volume Analytics..............III-29 Table 80: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-29

Table 81: Canadian Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-30

Table 82: Canadian 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-31

Table 83: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-32

Table 84: Canadian Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-33

Table 85: Canadian 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-34

Table 86: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35

Table 87: Canadian Historic Review for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-36

Table 88: Canadian 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-37 Dollar Analytics..............III-38 Table 89: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-38

Table 90: Canadian Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-39

Table 91: Canadian 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-40

Table 92: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-41

Table 93: Canadian Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-42

Table 94: Canadian 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-43

3. JAPAN.............. III-44 A.Market Analysis.............. III-44 Current and Future Analysis..............III-44 By Volume Demand.............. III-44 By Value Sales.............. III-44 Japanese Market for Refractory Products Registers Robust Growth III-44 Economic Crisis and Tsunami Negatively Affect Japanese Refractory Market..............III-44 Outlook.............. III-45 Raw Material Imports from China Falling III-45 Key Players.............. III-45 B.Market Analytics..............III-46 Volume Analytics..............III-46 Table 95: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-46

Table 96: Japanese Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-47

Table 97: Japanese 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-48

Table 98: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-49

Table 99: Japanese Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-50

Table 100: Japanese 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-51

Table 101: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-52

Table 102: Japanese Historic Review for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-53

Table 103: Japanese 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-54 Dollar Analytics..............III-55 Table 104: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-55

Table 105: Japanese Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-56

Table 106: Japanese 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-57

Table 107: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-58

Table 108: Japanese Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-59

Table 109: Japanese 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-60

4. EUROPE.............. III-61 A.Market Analysis.............. III-61 Current and Future Analysis..............III-61 By Volume Demand.............. III-61 By Value Sales.............. III-61 Eurocrisis Hinders Growth of European Refractory Market III-62 Outlook.............. III-62 Crude Steel Production - A Statistical Insight III-63 Table 110: Crude Steel Production in Key European Markets: Annual Output in Thousand Tonnes for Years 2007-2015E (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-63 B.Market Analytics..............III-64 Volume Analytics..............III-64 Table 111: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-64

Table 112: European Historic Review for Refractories by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-65

Table 113: European 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-66

Table 114: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-67

Table 115: European Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-68

Table 116: European 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-69

Table 117: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-70

Table 118: European Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-71

Table 119: European 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-72

Table 120: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-73

Table 121: European Historic Review for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-74

Table 122: European 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-75 Dollar Analytics..............III-76 Table 123: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-76

Table 124: European Historic Review for Refractories by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-77

Table 125: European 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-78

Table 126: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-79

Table 127: European Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-80

Table 128: European 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-81

Table 129: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-82

Table 130: European Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-83

Table 131: European 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-84

4a. FRANCE.............. III-85 A.Market Analysis.............. III-85 Current and Future Analysis..............III-85 By Volume Demand.............. III-85 By Value Sales.............. III-85 Key Players.............. III-85 B.Market Analytics..............III-87 Volume Analytics..............III-87 Table 132: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-87

Table 133: French Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-88

Table 134: French 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-89

Table 135: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-90

Table 136: French Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-91

Table 137: French 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-92

Table 138: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-93

Table 139: French Historic Review for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-94

Table 140: French 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-95 Dollar Analytics..............III-96 Table 141: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-96

Table 142: French Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-97

Table 143: French 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-98

Table 144: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-99

Table 145: French Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-100

Table 146: French 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-101

4b. GERMANY.............. III-102 A.Market Analysis.............. III-102 Current and Future Analysis..............III-102 By Volume Demand.............. III-102 By Value Sales.............. III-102 Product Introductions..............III-102 Key Player.............. III-103 B.Market Analytics..............III-104 Volume Analytics..............III-104 Table 147: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-104

Table 148: German Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-105

Table 149: German 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-106

Table 150: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-107

Table 151: German Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-108

Table 152: German 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-109

Table 153: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-110

Table 154: German Historic Review for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-111

Table 155: German 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-112 Dollar Analytics..............III-113 Table 156: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-113

Table 157: German Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-114

Table 158: German 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-115

Table 159: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-116

Table 160: German Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-117

Table 161: German 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-118

4c. ITALY.............. III-119 A.Market Analysis.............. III-119 Current and Future Analysis..............III-119 By Volume Demand.............. III-119 By Value Sales.............. III-119 B.Market Analytics..............III-120 Volume Analytics..............III-120 Table 162: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-120

Table 163: Italian Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-121

Table 164: Italian 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-122

Table 165: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-123

Table 166: Italian Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-124

Table 167: Italian 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-125

Table 168: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-126

Table 169: Italian Historic Review for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-127

Table 170: Italian 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-128 Dollar Analytics..............III-129 Table 171: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-129

Table 172: Italian Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-130

Table 173: Italian 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-131

Table 174: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-132

Table 175: Italian Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-133

Table 176: Italian 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-134

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM..............III-135 A.Market Analysis.............. III-135 Current and Future Analysis..............III-135 By Volume Demand.............. III-135 By Value Sales.............. III-135 Key Player.............. III-135 B.Market Analytics..............III-136 Volume Analytics..............III-136 Table 177: The UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-136

Table 178: The UK Historic Review for Refractories by Form Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-137

Table 179: The UK 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-138

Table 180: The UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-139

Table 181: The UK Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-140

Table 182: The UK 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-141

Table 183: The UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-142

Table 184: The UK Historic Review for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-143

Table 185: The UK 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Demand for Iron and Steel, Cement, Ceramics and Glass, and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-144 Dollar Analytics..............III-145 Table 186: The UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-145

Table 187: The UK Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-146

Table 188: The UK 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Form - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-147

Table 189: The UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-148

Table 190: The UK Historic Review for Refractories by Material - Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-149

Table 191: The UK 14-Year Perspective for Refractories by Material - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Clay Refractories and Non-Clay Refractories Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-150

4e. SPAIN.............. III-151 A.Market Analysis.............. III-151 Current and Future Analysis..............III-151 By Volume Demand.............. III-151 By Value Sales.............. III-151 B.Market Analytics..............III-152 Volume Analytics..............III-152 Table 192: Spanish Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-152

Table 193: Spanish Historic Review for Refractories by Form - Bricks and Shapes, and Monolithics and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Demand in ‘000 Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-153

Table 194: Spanis

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