Online Payment and e-Commerce in China 2012

  • June 2012
  • -
  • Maverick China Research
  • -
  • 89 pages

In the past few years, China's e-commerce market has been expanding rapidly. When this report was first published in 2009, only 50.6% of transactions were processed through an online payment channel. Today, more and more payments are occurring online: 73.9% of transactions are processed online and only 11.6% of transactions are cash on delivery. In this report we identify the characteristics of the Chinese online payment market and China's B2C e-commerce market. We identify the problems payment providers and online merchants face, and we explain the solutions that are key to overcoming these problems. Ultimately, this report provides the reader with a deeper understanding of e-commerce and online payment in China today while simultaneously displaying the trends that help shape future developments in the market.  The data is developed from our systematic and rigourous methodology, where we carried out 100 in-depth interviews with leading online merchants across a variety of sectors.

Key Topics Covered

-Key factors shaping the development of e-Commerce in China
-Market Surveys: China's online merchants and online payment providers
-Trends and the future of e-Commerce in China
-Opportunities for foreigners players


Table Of Contents

Table of Contents

1 Executive Summary

2 Five Key Factors Shaping the Development of e-Commerce in China
2.1 A Late Start to Electronic Payments
2.2 Bankcards Issued: 2.8 billion
2.3 Consumers Still Predominantly Paying with Cash
2.4 Internet Users: 513 million
2.5 Taobao and the Dominance of the Alibaba Group

3 Market Survey: China's Online Merchants
3.1 Methodology
3.2 Online Merchants by Sector
3.2.1 Online Marketplaces
3.2.2 Consumer Electronics
3.2.3 Jewelry and Luxury Goods
3.2.4 Home Furnishings
3.2.5 Virtual Items: Online games, Top-up Cards, Software, and Digital Downloads
3.2.6 Clothing, Sporting Goods, and Accessories
3.2.7 Travel Services (Airlines, Hotels, Tour services, etc.)
3.2.8 Group Buying Sites
3.3 Sales Channels Used by Online Merchants in China

4 Market Survey: Payment Channels Used by Online Merchants in China
4.1 Online Payment
4.1.1 Online Payment through Third Party Payment Provider
4.1.2 Online Payment by Debit Card
4.1.3 Online Payment by Credit Card
4.2 Cash on Delivery
4.3 Cash Pickup
4.4 Postal Remittance
4.5 Prepaid Cards
4.6 Mobile POS

5 Market Survey: Merchant Review of Online Payment Providers
5.1 Payment Provider Recognition
5.2 Payment Provider Sales Reach
5.3 Number of Payment Provider Partnerships
5.4 Current Payment Provider Partnerships
5.5 Payment Provider Satisfaction
5.6 Past Payment Provider Partnerships

6 Leading Online Payment Provider Profiles
6.1 Alipay
6.2 Tenpay
6.3 99Bill
6.4 YeePay
6.5 ChinaBank Payment
6.6 IPS
6.7 PayEase

7 Conclusions and Future Trends
7.1 Payments Overview
7.2 Third Party Payment
7.2.1 China's Leading Payment Providers
7.2.2 Market Share Breakdown
7.2.3 Pressures
7.3 Forecasts
 
List of Figures

Figure 1: Average Online Sales Revenue by Sector (%)
Figure 2: China's Third Party Payment Providers by Market Share
Figure 3: China's Late Start: Banking and e-Commerce Milestones 1950-2011
Figure 4: China's Bankcard Circulation, 2002-2011 (M)
Figure 5: China's Credit Card Circulation, 2006-2011 (M)
Figure 6: Cash Payments in China (%)
Figure 7: Internet Users in China, 2001-2011 (M)
Figure 8: China Online User Income Distribution, 2011 (RMB per Month)
Figure 9: Alibaba Group Structure
Figure 10: Online Merchants Interviewed by Sector
Figure 11: Sales Channels Used by Online Merchants in China (%)
Figure 12: Average Online Sales Revenue by Sector (%)
Figure 13: Online Sales Revenue Share by Sector (%)
Figure 14: Payment Options Offered by Online Merchants in China (%)
Figure 15: Average Transaction Volume by Payment Channel (%)
Figure 16: Transaction Volume Breakdown by Payment Channel (%)
Figure 17: Average Online Payment Transaction Volume by Sector (%)
Figure 18: Online Payment Transaction Volume Breakdown by Sector (%)
Figure 19: Average Third Party Payment Provider Transaction Volume by Sector (%)
Figure 20: Breakdown of Third Party Payment Provider Transaction Volume by Sector (%)
Figure 21: Average Online Payment by Debit Card Transaction Volume by Sector (%)
Figure 22: Online Payment by Debit Card Transaction Volume Breakdown by Sector (%)
Figure 23: Average Online Payment by Credit Card Transaction Volume by Sector (%)
Figure 24: Online Payment by Credit Card Transaction Volume Breakdown by Sector (%)
Figure 25: Average Cash on Delivery Transaction Volume by Sector (%)
Figure 26: Cash on Delivery Transaction Volume Breakdown by Sector (%)
Figure 27: Average Cash Pickup Transaction Volume by Sector (%)
Figure 28: Cash Pickup Transaction Volume Breakdown by Sector (%)
Figure 29: Average Postal Remittance Transaction Volume by Sector (%)
Figure 30: Average Prepaid Card Transaction Volume by Sector (%)
Figure 31: Prepaid Card Transaction Volume Breakdown by Sector (%)
Figure 32: Average Mobile POS Transaction Volume by Sector (%)
Figure 33: Mobile POS Transaction Volume Breakdown by Sector (%)
Figure 34: Payment Providers by Market Share (%)
Figure 35: Payment Provider Recognition (%)
Figure 36: Online Merchants Contacted by Payment Provider Sales Teams (%)
Figure 37: Number of Payment Providers Used by Online Merchants (%)
Figure 38: Payment Provider Merchant Partners (%)
Figure 39: Payment Provider Average Satisfaction Score
Figure 40: Payment Provider Satisfaction Breakdown
Figure 41: Past Partnerships with Payment Providers (%)
Figure 42: Alipay Recognition and Partnerships (%)
Figure 43: Merchants Contacted by Alipay (%)
Figure 44: Alipay Merchant Satisfaction
Figure 45: Tenpay Recognition and Partnerships
Figure 46: Merchants Contacted by Tenpay (%)
Figure 47: Tenpay Merchant Satisfaction
Figure 48: 99Bill Recognition and Partnerships
Figure 49: Merchants Contacted by 99Bill (%)
Figure 50: 99Bill Merchant Satisfaction
Figure 51: YeePay Recognition and Partnerships
Figure 52: Merchants Contacted by Yeepay (%)
Figure 53: YeePay Merchant Satisfaction
Figure 54: ChinaBank Payment Recognition and Partnerships
Figure 55: Merchants Contacted by ChinaBank (%)
Figure 56: ChinaBank Payment Merchant Satisfaction
Figure 57: IPS Recognition and Partnerships
Figure 58: Merchants Contacted by IPS (%)
Figure 59: IPS Merchant Satisfaction
Figure 60: PayEase Recognition and Partnerships
Figure 61: Merchants Contacted by PayEase (%)
Figure 62: PayEase Merchant Satisfaction
Figure 63: Payment Options Offered by Merchants (%)
Figure 64: Payment Options Total Transaction Volumes (%)
Figure 65: Online Payment Transaction Volume Breakdown (%)
Figure 66: China's Third Party Payment Providers by Tier
Figure 67: China Third Party Payment Provider Market Share Breakdown (%)
Figure 68: China Third Party Payment Provider Users (M)
Figure 69: Factors Decreasing Profits for Tier II and Tier III Payment Providers
Figure 70: China E-Commerce Payment Channel Usage Forecast, 2009-2015

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