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Global High Performance Alloys Industry

  • July 2016
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  • Global Industry Analysts
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  • 376 pages

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for High Performance Alloys in Metric Tons by the following Alloying Metal: Nickel Alloys, Cobalt Alloys, and Titanium Alloys. The market is further analyzed by the following End-Use Applications: Gas Turbines, Industrial, Aerospace, and Others. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2015 through 2022. Also, a six-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 93 companies including many key and niche players such as -

Advanced Metallurgical Group N.V
Alcoa Howmet Castings
Alcoa Titanium & Engineered Products
Allegheny Technologies Inc.
Aperam SA

Table Of Contents

Global High Performance Alloys Industry


I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY and PRODUCT DEFINITIONS

Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1 Disclaimers.............. I-2 Data Interpretation and Reporting Level I-2 Quantitative Techniques and Analytics I-3 Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3 Alloying Metal.............. I-3 End-Use Applications..............I-3

II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. MARKET OVERVIEW.............. II-1 High Performance Alloys: Versatile, Multi-Component Metals with Outstanding Qualities..............II-1 Superior Fatigue Life, Strength, and Stability at Extreme Temperatures Drive Widespread Adoption II-8 Key Characteristics of High Performance Alloys II-9 High Performance Alloys Top the Metals Hierarchy II-10 Major Categories of High Performance Alloys Based on Attributes II-10 Heat-Resistant Alloys..............II-10 Superior Mechanical Strength Alloys II-10 Corrosion-Resistant Alloys..............II-11 Alloys with Special Physical Properties II-11 Catering to the Need for High Melting Point Materials II-12 High-Performance Alloys: End-Use Application Areas in a Nutshell II-12 Global Market Outlook..............II-13 Developed Markets Dominate Consumption, While Developing Countries Turbo Charge Growth..............II-15 Recovering Growth Fundamentals Presents Optimistic Market Outlook II-17 Table 1: Real GDP Growth Rates (%) in Major World Economies: 2014-2017E (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18

2. COMPETITION.............. II-19 High Performance Alloys Marketplace: Fragmented and Highly Competitive.............. II-19 Leading HPA Companies Worldwide and their Presence in Various HPA Alloy Categories: 2015..............II-19 Ranking of the Leading Nickel Alloys Producers Worldwide: 2015 II-20 Noteworthy MandA Developments in High-Performance Alloys Market: 2005-2015.............. II-20 Innovative Solutions and Tailor-Made Technical Support: Mantras for Success..............II-21 Advanced Quality Management System II-21 Super alloys and Special Alloys Production Perspective II-21 Nickel: Production Scenario..............II-21 Niobium in Various Hues in the Super alloys Industry II-21 IP and Patent Issues..............II-22 Regulatory Issues.............. II-22 High Industry Standards..............II-22 Suppliers Have the Upper Hand..............II-23 Distribution.............. II-23 User Guidelines.............. II-23

3. MARKET TRENDS, ISSUES and GROWTH DRIVERS II-24 Surging Demand from the Aerospace Industry Drives Healthy Market Growth for HPAs..............II-24 Rising Focus on New and Efficient Aerospace Manufacturing Materials: The Fundamental Growth Driver II-26 Unique Needs of Aerospace Manufacturing II-26 Renewed Focus on Efficient Manufacturing Materials II-27 Aluminum Lithium (Al-Li)..............II-27 Titanium Aluminide (TiAl)..............II-27 Titanium.............. II-27 Ferrium.............. II-28 Higher Significance of Composites II-28 New Materials to Reduce Aerospace Manufacturing Cost II-28 High Performance Alloys Improves Safety and Performance of Aircraft Engines..............II-29 Rise in Aircraft Fleet Drive Long-term Opportunities II-29 Table 2: Global Aircraft Deliveries Estimates and Forecasts (2014 - 2020) (in Units) (includes corresponding Graph/ Chart).............. II-30 Table 3: Demand for New Airplanes by Region (2015-2035) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-30 Demand for HPAs in Aircraft Manufacturing to Benefit from Large Order Backlogs..............II-31 Table 4: Boeing Aircraft Gross Orders, Deliveries and Unfilled Orders (In Units): for the Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-31 Healthy Commercial Aviation Outlook Benefits Demand for HPAs II-32 Table 5: Commercial Aircraft Engines in Service (Thousands) Worldwide: 2015, 2020, 2025, 2030, and 2035 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-33

Table 6: Global Growth in Commercial Air Passenger Traffic (In Billion) for the Years 2012 through 2015 and Projections for 2034 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-33

Table 7: Rising Passenger Traffic as Measured by Revenue Passenger Kilometers (RPKs) in Billion for the Years 2011, 2013E, 2015P and 2030P (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-34 Rise in Jet Planes to Strengthen Market Prospects for HPAs II-34 Table 8: Cumulative Number of Business Jet Deliveries (In Units) by Geographic Region Over the Period 2015-2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-35

Table 9: Breakdown of Cumulative Business Jet Deliveries in Units and Value in USD Billion for Large Jets, Light Jets, and Medium Jets over the Period 2015-2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-36 Myriad Industrial Applications Drive Strong Demand for Titanium Based Alloys..............II-36 Table 10: Global Titanium Market by End-use Sector (2015E): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Aerospace, Defense, Industrial, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-37 Superior Corrosion Resistance Attributes Catapults Nickel Alloys to the Dominant Position II-38 Table 11: Global Market for Nickel by Application Area (2015E): Percentage Share Breakdown of Volume Usage for Alloy Steel, Batteries and Others, Foundry, Non-Ferrous Alloy, Plating and Stainless Steel (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-39 Accelerated Growth in Various End-Use Industries Drives Nickel-Based Superalloys Market II-40 Growing Prominence of Cost Effective Products with Extended Life Promote Demand for Corrosion Resistant HPAs II-40 Focus on Lighter, Cooler, and Stronger Automobiles Drive HPA Demand in the Automotive Sector II-41 Lightweight Magnesium Alloys as Raw Material for Automobile Parts.............. II-41 Stable Vehicle Production Offers Growth Opportunities in the OEM Market.............. II-42 Table 12: World Production of Passenger Cars and Commercial Vehicles: Breakdown of Annual Production Figures in ‘000' Units for Years 2015 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-42 Rising Prominence of Automotive Electronics Lead to Developments in High Temperature Lead Free Alloy II-43 Phosphor Bronze alloys..............II-44 Multiple Benefits Spur Market Penetration of Powder Metallurgy (PM) Superalloys.............. II-45 Increasing Power Generation Activity Lends Traction to Market Growth.............. II-46 Table 13: Global Electricity Generation (Trillion Kilowatt Hours) by Fuel Type: 2000, 2005, 2013, 2020, 2025, 2030, 2035, and 2040 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-47 Increasing Adoption of Nuclear Power Technology Bodes Well for the Market.............. II-47 Turbine Applications Offer Significant Growth Opportunities II-48 High Performance Alloys Reduce Weight and Increase Convenience of Medical Devices.............. II-49 Increasing Activity in the Oil and Gas Sector to Cater to Demand Bodes Well for the Market..............II-49 Table 14: Global Oil and Gas Demand (in Million Tons of Oil Equivalent): 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025, 2030, and 2035 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-50

Table 15: Global Oil and Gas Capital Expenditure (CAPEX) by Market Segment for Major Geographic Regions (2014-2018): Expenditure in US$ Million for Control Lines, Pipelines, Platforms, SPMs, and Subsea Completions (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-50 Superalloys in Domestic and Leisure Applications: Untapped Market Potential.............. II-51 Developing Countries Continue to Drive Growth Opportunities in the Market.............. II-51 Table 16: Global High Performance Alloys Market - Geographic Regions Ranked by CAGR (Volume) for 2015-2022: Asia-Pacific, Rest of World, US, Latin America, Europe, Canada, and Japan (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-52 Other Steadily Growing Application Sectors for Superalloys II-52 Chemical Processing Industry..............II-52 Glass Making Industry..............II-52 Military Applications..............II-53 Other Industrial Applications II-53

4. INNOVATIONS AND ADVANCEMENTS..............II-54 Superalloy for Manufacturing Critical Components of Aircraft and Land-based Engines..............II-55 Creation of High Performing Metal Alloys the Biomimicry Way II-57 High-temperature Alloy Coatings for Nuclear Applications II-58 3D Printing to Achieve Higher Precision and Efficiency with Alloys.............. II-58 Scientists Investigate Novel Technique to Use Titanium Alloys for Aerospace.............. II-59 Supercomputer Cray XC 40 Allows Researchers to Explore New Alloys II-60 Integrated Database-based Approach for Quicker Development of New High Performance Alloys..............II-60 Radiolysis: Production of Super Alloys via Nanoparticle Synthesis II-61 Process and Chemical Innovations for Developing Super Alloys II-61 Novel System for Developing Metal Nanoparticles and Alloys II-62 Development of High Performance Copper Alloys II-62

5. PRODUCT OVERVIEW.............. II-63 High Performance Alloys: A Prelude II-63 Standard Alloy vis-a-vis High Performance Alloy II-63 Properties of High Performance Alloys II-63 The Performer in High Temperature and Pressure II-63 High Temperature Resistance..............II-63 Low Density and High Strength Properties II-64 Types of High Performance Alloys/Superalloys II-64 Nickel-based Alloys..............II-64 Historic Background of Nickel-based Superalloys II-64 Nickel.............. II-65 Nickel and Nickel Alloys - Properties and Applications II-65 Table 17: Physical and Chemical Properties of Nickel II-66 Types and Uses of Nickel Alloys II-66 Nickel and Nickel Based Alloys and Super alloys in Greater Detail.............. II-67 Nickel-Base Alloys..............II-67 Hastelloy Alloy (Ni-Mo / Ni-Mo-Cr) II-68 Other Hastelloy Alloy Grades II-68 Hastelloy C-22.............. II-68 Hastelloy H.............. II-68 Ni-Mo-Cr-Cu Alloys..............II-68 High-Performance Nickel Super alloys II-69 Incoloy Alloy MA 956..............II-69 Incoloy Alloy 903.............. II-69 Inconel Alloy 617.............. II-69 Other Inconel Grades..............II-69 Ni-Cr / Ni-Cr-Fe Super alloys II-70 Iron-Nickel-Chromium Alloys (Alloy 800) II-70 Nickel-chromium-iron alloys (Alloy 600) II-70 Nickel-Chromium Super alloys II-70 Cobalt-based Alloys..............II-71 Iron-based Alloys..............II-71 Titanium.............. II-71

6. PRODUCT LAUNCHES.............. II-72 Carpenter Technology Unveils PremoMaxâ„¢ II-72 US Army Unveils Mondaloy 200 Superalloy for Rocket Engines II-72 Four Innovative Foundry Alloys Launched by Alcoa II-72 VDM Unveils Two New Alloys..............II-72 ORNL Partners with FCA US and Nemak to Develop Aluminum Alloys II-72

7. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY..............II-73 Berkshire Hathaway Acquires Precision Castparts Corp. (PCC) II-73 H.C. Starck Invests in State-of-the-Art Processing Technology II-73 Nippon Yakin Kogyo Produces Corrosion-Resistant High Ni Alloy NAS625.............. II-73 RUSAL and SAUER GmbH Sign MoU to Develop 3D Printing Technology II-73 NioCorp and IBC Advanced Alloys Partner to Develop Scandium Alloy Applications.............. II-73 CLAL Acquired by Lebronze Alloys Group II-73 University of Sheffield's AMRC Partners with Boeing for TiAl Powder Alloys.............. II-73 Corrosion-Resistant High Ni Alloy Manufactured by Nippon Yakin Kogyo.............. II-74 Puris, LLC and NASA's Glenn Research Center Partner to Produce High Performance Alloy..............II-74 Nemak Partners with The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory..............II-74 Alcoa Inc. Partners with Ford Motor for Micromill® Material II-74 RTI International Metals Acquired by Alcoa II-74 Allegheny Technologies Expands Nickel-based Superalloy Powder Capabilities.............. II-74 Carpenter Technology Commence Operations at New Superalloy Facility.............. II-74 Toolcraft Partners with Airbus APWorks for Scalmalloy II-75 Haynes International Develops HAYNES® HR-235™ Alloy II-75 Puris, LLC Signs Agreement with NASA's Glenn Research Center for SM-103.............. II-75 Lindsay Goldberg Acquires VDM Metals GmbH from ThyssenKrupp II-75 Alcoa Invests in Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) Technology II-75 TITAL Acquired by Alcoa..............II-75 Allegheny Technologies (ATI) Receives Order for Oil and Gas Pipeline Project.............. II-75 IBC Advanced Alloys Partners with Baoshida Swissmetal and Avins USA.............. II-76 Alcoa Signs Agreement for Supply of Lightweight Structural Solutions to Boeing..............II-76 Alcoa Completes Purchase of Firth Rixson II-76 FOMAS Group Buys Ajax Rolled Ring and Machine II-76 Outokumpu Sells VDM Business and Terni Steel Mill to ThyssenKrupp II-76 Astro Shapes Establishes an Agreement with National Material II-76

8. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS..............II-77 Advanced Metallurgical Group N.V. (The Netherlands) II-77 AMG Aluminum (US)..............II-77 AMG Superalloys UK Limited (UK) II-77 Alcoa Howmet Castings (US)..............II-77 Alcoa Titanium and Engineered Products (US) II-78 Allegheny Technologies Incorporated (US) II-78 Aperam SA (Luxembourg)..............II-78 Carpenter Technology Corporation (US) II-79 Doncasters Group Limited (UK)..............II-79 Eramet Group (France)..............II-79 Fort Wayne Metals (US)..............II-80 Glencore Plc. (Switzerland)..............II-80 Haynes International Inc. (US) II-80 H.C. Starck GmbH (Germany)..............II-80 High Performance Alloys Inc. (US) II-81 Hitachi Metals Ltd. (Japan)..............II-81 JSC VSMPO-AVISMA Corp. (Russia)..............II-81 Mattco Forge, Inc. (US)..............II-82 Metallurgical Plant “Electrostal” JSC (Russia) II-82 Nippon Yakin Kogyo Co., Ltd. (Japan) II-83 Olin Brass Corporation (US)..............II-83 Precision Castparts Corp.(US)..............II-84 Titanium Metals Corporation (TIMET) (US) II-84 Special Metals Corporation (US) II-84 QuesTek Innovations, LLC (US)..............II-84 Sandvik Coromant Co. (Sweden)..............II-85 VDM Metals (Germany)..............II-85

9. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE..............II-86 Table 18: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-86

Table 19: World Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-87

Table 20: World 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-88 Analysis by Product Segment..............II-89 Table 21: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Nickel Alloys by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-89

Table 22: World Historic Review for Nickel Alloys by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-90

Table 23: World 14-Year Perspective for Nickel Alloys by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-91

Table 24: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Cobalt Alloys by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-92

Table 25: World Historic Review for Cobalt Alloys by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-93

Table 26: World 14-Year Perspective for Cobalt Alloys by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-94

Table 27: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Titanium Alloys by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-95

Table 28: World Historic Review for Titanium Alloys by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-96

Table 29: World 14-Year Perspective for Titanium Alloys by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-97 Analysis by End-Use Sector..............II-98 Table 30: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys Usage in Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical) by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-98

Table 31: World Historic Review for High Performance Alloys Usage in Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical) by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-99

Table 32: World 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys Usage in Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical) by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-100

Table 33: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys Usage in Industrial Sector by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-101

Table 34: World Historic Review for High Performance Alloys Usage in Industrial Sector by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-102

Table 35: World 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys Usage in Industrial Sector by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-103

Table 36: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys Usage in Aerospace Sector by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-104

Table 37: World Historic Review for High Performance Alloys Usage in Aerospace Sector by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-105

Table 38: World 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys Usage in Aerospace Sector by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-106

Table 39: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys Usage in Other End-Use Sectors by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-107

Table 40: World Historic Review for High Performance Alloys Usage in Other End-Use Sectors by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-108

Table 41: World 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys Usage in Other End-Use Sectors by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-109

III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES.............. III-1 A.Market Analysis.............. III-1 The United States: Single Largest Market for High Performance Alloys..............III-1 Surging Demand from the Defense and Commercial Aircraft End -use Drive Titanium Alloys Market III-2 Table 42: Titanium Market in the US by End-use Application (2015E): Breakdown of Consumption for Commercial Aerospace, Consumer, Industrial, and Military Aerospace (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-3 Nickel-based Super Alloys: Efficiently Meeting the Corrosion and Mechanical Property Needs of Various Applications III-3 Table 43: US Nickel Market by End-Use Application (2015E): Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Construction/Building, Electrical/Electronic Equipment, Household Goods, Transport and Other Equipment (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-4 High-Performance Titanium and Nickel Alloys Activities Move Overseas.............. III-4 Super Alloys Demand Susceptible to Turbulences in End-User Industries.............. III-4 Maintains Consistent Growth amidst Challenges III-5 Non-Aerospace Uses Expand..............III-5 Product Launches..............III-5 Strategic Corporate Developments III-6 Select Key Players..............III-9 B.Market Analytics..............III-14 Table 44: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-14

Table 45: US Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-15

Table 46: US 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-16

Table 47: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-17

Table 48: US Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-18

Table 49: US 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-19

2. CANADA.............. III-20 Market Analysis.............. III-20 Table 50: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-20

Table 51: Canadian Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-21

Table 52: Canadian 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-22

Table 53: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-23

Table 54: Canadian Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-24

Table 55: Canadian 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-25

3. JAPAN.............. III-26 A.Market Analysis.............. III-26 Increasing Usage in Consumer Electronics and Auto Components Sustain Market Growth..............III-26 Consistent Focus on Innovations in Material Science Augurs Well for the Market..............III-26 Strategic Corporate Developments III-27 Select Key Players..............III-27 B.Market Analytics..............III-29 Table 56: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-29

Table 57: Japanese Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-30

Table 58: Japanese 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-31

Table 59: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-32

Table 60: Japanese Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-33

Table 61: Japanese 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-34

4. EUROPE.............. III-35 A.Market Analysis.............. III-35 Favorable Demand from All Kinds of Transport Vehicles Drives Healthy Market Growth..............III-35 New Gas Turbine Power Generators and Nuclear Power Plants Spurs Market Demand..............III-36 Super Alloys and Special Alloys III-36 Consumption Dominated by Technologically Advanced Countries III-36 Production Centered in Low Cost Destinations III-36 Fabrication Technology Improves by the Day III-37 Recycling: A Feasible Solution III-37 Technology Trends at a Glance..............III-37 Corporate Development..............III-38 B.Market Analytics..............III-38 Table 62: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-38

Table 63: European Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-39

Table 64: European 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-40

Table 65: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-41

Table 66: European Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-42

Table 67: European 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-43

Table 68: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-44

Table 69: European Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-45

Table 70: European 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-46

4a. FRANCE.............. III-47 A.Market Analysis.............. III-47 Corporate Development..............III-47 Eramet Group - A Major France-Based Company III-47 B.Market Analytics..............III-48 Table 71: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-48

Table 72: French Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-49

Table 73: French 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-50

4b. GERMANY.............. III-51 A.Market Analysis.............. III-51 Strategic Corporate Developments III-51 Select Key Players..............III-51 B.Market Analytics..............III-53 Table 74: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-53

Table 75: German Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-54

Table 76: German 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-55

4c. ITALY.............. III-56 Market Analysis.............. III-56 Table 77: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-56

Table 78: Italian Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-57

Table 79: Italian 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-58

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM..............III-59 A.Market Analysis.............. III-59 Strategic Corporate Developments III-59 Select Key Players..............III-59 B.Market Analytics..............III-60 Table 80: UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-60

Table 81: UK Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-61

Table 82: UK 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-62

4e. SPAIN.............. III-63 Market Analysis.............. III-63 Table 83: Spanish Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-63

Table 84: Spanish Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-64

Table 85: Spanish 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-65

4f. RUSSIA.............. III-66 A.Market Analysis.............. III-66 Select Key Players..............III-66 B.Market Analytics..............III-67 Table 86: Russian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-67

Table 87: Russian Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-68

Table 88: Russian 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-69

4g. REST OF EUROPE.............. III-70 A.Market Analysis.............. III-70 Select Key Players..............III-70 B.Market Analytics..............III-71 Table 89: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-71

Table 90: Rest of Europe Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-72

Table 91: Rest of Europe 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-73

5. ASIA-PACIFIC.............. III-74 A.Market Analysis.............. III-74 Increasing Infrastructure Development Drive Fastest Market Growth in Asia-Pacific..............III-74 Table 92: Global High Performance Alloys Market - Geographic Regions Ranked by CAGR (Volume) for 2015-2022: Asia-Pacific, Rest of World, US, Latin America, Europe, Canada, and Japan (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-75 Booming Commercial Aviation Sector Offers Significant Growth Opportunities.............. III-75 Table 93: Airport Construction Projects Worldwide by Geographic Region (2015E): Breakdown of Investment (in US$ Billion) and Number of Projects (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-76 B.Market Analytics..............III-77 Table 94: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by Geographic Region - China and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-77

Table 95: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by Geographic Region - China and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-78

Table 96: Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for China and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-79

Table 97: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-80

Table 98: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-81

Table 99: Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-82

Table 100: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-83

Table 101: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-84

Table 102: Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-85

5a. CHINA.............. III-86 A.Market Analysis.............. III-86 Burgeoning Demand for Titanium in China III-86 China: Leading Consumer of Nickel Worldwide III-86 China to Dominate the Global Commercial Aircraft Market, Promotes Demand for HPAs..............III-86 B.Market Analytics..............III-87 Table 103: Chinese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-87

Table 104: Chinese Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-88

Table 105: Chinese 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-89

5b. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC..............III-90 Market Analysis.............. III-90 Table 106: Rest of Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-90

Table 107: Rest of Asia-Pacific Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-91

Table 108: Rest of Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-92

6. LATIN AMERICA.............. III-93 Market Analysis.............. III-93 Table 109: Latin American Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-93

Table 110: Latin American Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-94

Table 111: Latin American 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-95

Table 112: Latin American Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-96

Table 113: Latin American Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-97

Table 114: Latin American 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-98

7. REST OF WORLD.............. III-99 Market Analysis.............. III-99 Table 115: Rest of World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-99

Table 116: Rest of World Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-100

Table 117: Rest of World 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by Alloying Metal - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Nickel, Cobalt and Titanium Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-101

Table 118: Rest of World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-102

Table 119: Rest of World Historic Review for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-103

Table 120: Rest of World 14-Year Perspective for High Performance Alloys by End-Use Sector - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for Gas Turbines (Electrical and Mechanical), Industrial, Aerospace and Others Markets for Years 2009, 2016 and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-104

IV. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

Total Companies Profiled: 93 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 108)

The United States (63) Canada (4) Japan (4) Europe (31) - France (3) - Germany (6) - The United Kingdom (7) - Italy (2) - Rest of Europe (13) Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) (3) Latin America (3)

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