Global Manganese Market

  • May 2014
  • -
  • Global Industry Analysts
  • -
  • 389 pages

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Manganese in Thousand Metric Tons by the following Alloys and Compounds: Alloys (Ferro Manganese (FeMn), Silico Manganese (SiMn), Refined Ferro Manganese (Ref FeMn), Manganese Metal (Mn Metal), and Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and Chlorides). This report is also analyzed by the following End-Use Segments: Steel, Batteries, and Others. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2013 through 2020. Also, a seven-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 74 companies including many key and niche players such as -

Assmang Ltd.
Anglo American Plc
BHP Billiton
Carus Corporation
Eramet SA

Table Of Contents




I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY and PRODUCT DEFINITIONS
Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1
Disclaimers I-2
Data Interpretation and Reporting Level I-2
Quantitative Techniques and Analytics I-3
Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3


II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. MARKET OVERVIEW II-1
Market Snapshots II-1
Current and Future Analysis II-1
Impact of Recession in Retrospect II-2
Bright Future Ahead II-2
China and India - Future Demand Drivers for Manganese II-3
Improvement in Global GDP Performance Encourages an Optimistic
Market Outlook II-4
Table 1: Business Climate Indicator in the Eurozone Area for
the Year 2013 and 2014: Breakdown by Month (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-5

Table 2: World Real GDP Growth Rates in % (2012 - 2015F):
Breakdown by Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-6

Table 3: World GDP (2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of
Nominal GDP Value by Country (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-7
Worldwide Manganese Resources II-7
Reserves II-8
Table 4: Worldwide Manganese Reserves (2011-2013): Breakdown
of Total Deposit Volumes in Thousand Metric Tons by Country -
South Africa, Ukraine, Australia, Brazil, India, China,
Gabon, Mexico, and Kazakhstan (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-8
Production Scenario II-9
Table 5: Global Manganese Market (2012 and 2013): Production
in Thousand Metric Tons by Country - South Africa,
Australia, China, Gabon, Brazil, India, Kazakhstan, Ukraine,
Malaysia, Mexico, Burma and Other Countries (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-9
Select Manganese Projects II-9
Manganese Pricing Dynamics II-10

2. GLOBAL DRIVERS, TRENDS and ISSUES II-11
Market to Witness Surge in Capacity Expansions II-11
Innovations to Sustain the Market Demand II-11
Emerging Markets to Drive Future Growth II-11
CIVETS: New Hope in the Longer Term II-12
Global Demand for Battery Materials to Surge II-12
Table 6: Battery Material Demand (2012): Percentage Share
Breakdown by Region - North America, Western Europe,
Asia-Pacific and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-13
Raw Material Dynamics in Li-Ion Batteries II-13
Green Energy Boosts Demand for Electrolytic Manganese II-14
Table 7: Worldwide Electrolytic Manganese Metal (EMM)
Production (2012): Percentage Breakdown of Production Volume
by Country - China and South Africa (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-14
Recovery in Automotive Production Augurs Well for Manganese
Market II-15
Opportunity Indicator II-16
Table 8: World Passenger Cars Market (2013 and 2018):
Breakdown of Number of Vehicles Produced (In 000 Units) by
Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-16

Table 9: World Commercial Vehicles Market (2013 and 2018):
Breakdown of Number of Vehicles Produced (In 000 Units) by
Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-16
Reduced Usage of Steel in Automobiles to Affect the Manganese
Market II-16

3. STEEL INDUSTRY - A MAJOR END-USER OF MANGANESE II-18
Steel Industry Accounts for Lion’s Share II-18
Table 10: World Steel Demand by End-Use Industry (2012):
Percentage Share Breakdown for Construction, Machinery,
Transport, Appliances, Fabrication, Oil and Gas, and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18
Manganese in Steelmaking II-19
Content of Manganese in Steel II-19
Role of Manganese in the Steel Industry II-20
Issues in the Steel Industry II-21
Surplus Capacity and Rising Raw Material Costs Pose Challenges II-21
Steel Industry Reels Under Economic Pressure II-21

4. OTHER END-USE APPLICATIONS II-23
Batteries II-23
EMD: The Most Popular Synthetic Manganese Dioxide II-23
Major Production Markets of EMD II-23
Chemicals Applications II-24
Use of Manganese for Other Metallurgies II-25
Aluminum II-25
Copper II-25
Other Metals II-25
Medical Applications II-26
Adequate Intake for Manganese II-26
Role of Manganese in Wound Healing II-27
Manganese Deficiency Leads to Several Diseases II-27
Polysaccharide Krestin Found to Improve MnSOD Activity II-27
Miscellaneous Applications II-27
MMT - Manganese based Fuel Additive II-27
Manganese as a Micronutrient in Agriculture II-28
Commercial Fertilizers Comprising Manganese II-28
Animal Feed Grade Manganese Products II-28
Manganese - The Darker Side II-29
Health Issues Related to Manganese Toxicity II-29
Tolerable Upper Intake Level for Manganese II-30
Manganese-Based Gasoline Additive Concerns Auto Manufacturers II-30
High Levels of Manganese Revealed in Soy Formula II-30
Potential Product Areas II-30

5. PRODUCT OVERVIEW II-31
Manganese II-31
Definition II-31
Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Manganese and Select
Manganese Compounds II-31
History II-32
Ore and Concentrates II-33
Manganese Compounds II-33
Manganese Sulfate II-33
Manganese Carbonate II-33
Manganese Chloride II-33
Manganese Dioxide II-33
Major Sources of Manganese as Micronutrients II-33
Manganese Content by Type of Food II-34

6. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-35
Japan Oil, Gas and Metals Inks Contract with ISA II-35
Gulf Minerals to Establish Alloy Smelter Unit II-35
Adhunik Group to Sell Minority Stake in Orissa Manganese and
Minerals II-35
African Compass International Investments to Take Over Gabon
JV Manganese and Niobium Assets II-35
Brighton Mining to Acquire Asia Minerals Corporation II-35
Valmont Industries Decreases Investment in Delta EMD II-35
Tata Steel Introduces Ferro Chrome and Ferro Manganese Brands II-35
Honeywell Launches Novel Copper Manganese Sputtering Targets II-36
Metso Acquires Quzhou Steel Foundry II-36
West Rock Acquires Majority Stake in Borroloola West Copper
and Manganese Greenfield II-36
GAA Takes Over Vartsikhe 2005 and Georgian Manganese II-36
Valmont Industries Divests Stake in Bilston Investments
Proprietary II-36
Cancana to Take Over Rio Madeira II-36
WMN Acquires 51% Share in Genesis II-36
Oakmont Capital Acquires Utah Manganese II-37
IronClad Mining Inks Joint Venture Agreement with Trafford
Resources II-37
Kalagadi Manganese Establishes Manganese Mining Plant II-37
Kaboko Mining Inks Joint Venture Agreement with Genet South
Africa II-37
Sumito Invests in Malaysian Manganese Alloy Project II-37
Assmang Enters into Joint Venture with Sumitomo and China Steel II-37
OM Trades Enters into Joint Venture Deal with Jupiter Kalahari II-37
Asia Minerals to Ship its First Manganese Cargo II-37
Angola to Invest in Iron and Manganese Deposits II-38
Kaboko Mining Takes Over Processing Plant II-38
Kupang Resources Obtains Approval for its Manganese Joint Venture II-38
Manganese Ore India to Boost Production Capacity II-38
Kupang Joint Venture Enters into Agreement with Manganese
Society of Kupang II-38
Kalagadi Manganese Opens its Sinter Plant II-38
Buchans Minerals Enters into Agreement with Minco II-38
Kaboko Mining Inks Manganese Deal II-38
LALWANI Industries to Establish Silico Manganese Unit II-39
Snam Alloys to Expand Ferro Silicon Manganese Unit II-39
BHP to Restart Operations at Tasmanian Electro Metallurgical
Company Manganese Alloy Plant II-39
Impex Steel to Establish a Ferro Manganese Unit II-39
NEC Launches Advanced Manganese Lithium-Ion Battery II-39
Glencore Acquires Vale’s Europe Based Manganese Ferroalloys
Operations II-39
Chameleon Mining Takes Over NTT Manganese II-39
BHP Billiton Closes Down Silicomanganese Unit II-39
Columbus Energy to Take Over Minerales Nova II-40
Reunion Manganese to Build a Manganese Plant II-40
Asia Minerals to Develop New Manganese Mine II-40
Citic Dameng to Take Over Manganese Mines in South Africa II-40
Dow Energy Materials Introduces Novel Manganese Iron Phosphate
Material II-40
Tata Steel Launches Tata Silicomag Brand II-40

7. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS II-41
Assmang Ltd. (South Africa) II-41
Anglo American Plc (UK) II-41
BHP Billiton (Australia) II-41
Carus Corporation (US) II-41
Compania Minera Autlan, S.A.B. De C.V. (Mexico) II-42
Eramet SA (France) II-42
Manganese Metal Company (South Africa) II-43
MOIL Limited (India) II-43
Nippon Denko Company Ltd. (Japan) II-43
Vale (Brazil) II-44

8. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE II-45
Table 11: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-45

Table 12: World Historic Review for Manganese by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-46

Table 13: World 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-47

Table 14: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese Alloys by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,
Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest
of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-48

Table 15: World Historic Review for Manganese Alloys by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-49

Table 16: World 15-Year Perspective for Manganese Alloys by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-50

Table 17: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese Alloys by Product Segment - Ferro Manganese Alloy,
Silico Manganese Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy,
Manganese Metal Alloy and Other Alloys Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for
Years 2013 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-51

Table 18: World Historic Review for Manganese Alloys by
Product Segment - Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese
Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy
and Other Alloys Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through
2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-52

Table 19: World 15-Year Perspective for Manganese Alloys by
Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy, Refined
Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and Other Alloys
Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-53

Table 20: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Ferro Manganese Alloy by Geographic Region - US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America
and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-54

Table 21: World Historic Review for Ferro Manganese Alloy by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-55

Table 22: World 15-Year Perspective for Ferro Manganese Alloy
by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume
Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-56

Table 23: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Silico Manganese Alloy by Geographic Region - US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America
and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-57

Table 24: World Historic Review for Silico Manganese Alloy by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-58

Table 25: World 15-Year Perspective for Silico Manganese Alloy
by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume
Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-59

Table 26: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy by Geographic Region - US,
Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013
through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-60

Table 27: World Historic Review for Refined Ferro Manganese
Alloy by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-61

Table 28: World 15-Year Perspective for Refined Ferro
Manganese Alloy by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-62

Table 29: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese Metal Alloy by Geographic Region - US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America
and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-63

Table 30: World Historic Review for Manganese Metal Alloy by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-64

Table 31: World 15-Year Perspective for Manganese Metal Alloy
by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume
Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-65

Table 32: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Other Manganese Alloys by Geographic Region - US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America
and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-66

Table 33: World Historic Review for Other Manganese Alloys by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-67

Table 34: World 15-Year Perspective for Other Manganese Alloys
by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume
Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-68

Table 35: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese Compounds by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,
Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest
of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-69

Table 36: World Historic Review for Manganese Compounds by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-70

Table 37: World 15-Year Perspective for Manganese Compounds by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-71

Table 38: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese Compounds by Product Segment - Oxides, Sulphates and
Chlorides Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-72

Table 39: World Historic Review for Manganese Compounds by
Product Segment - Oxides, Sulphates and Chlorides Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-73

Table 40: World 15-Year Perspective for Manganese Compounds by
Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Oxides, Sulphates and Chlorides Markets for Years 2006,
2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-74

Table 41: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese Oxides by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,
Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest
of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-75

Table 42: World Historic Review for Manganese Oxides by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-76

Table 43: World 15-Year Perspective for Manganese Oxides by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-77

Table 44: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese Sulphates by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,
Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest
of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-78

Table 45: World Historic Review for Manganese Sulphates by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-79

Table 46: World 15-Year Perspective for Manganese Sulphates by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-80

Table 47: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese Chlorides by US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-81

Table 48: World Historic Review for Manganese Chlorides by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-82

Table 49: World 15-Year Perspective for Manganese Chlorides by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-83

Table 50: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese in Steel Production by Geographic Region- US,
Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013
through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-84

Table 51: World Historic Review for Manganese in Steel
Production by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-85

Table 52: World 15-Year Perspective for Manganese in Steel
Production by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-86

Table 53: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese in Batteries Production by Geographic Region- US,
Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013
through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-87

Table 54: World Historic Review for Manganese in Batteries
Production by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-88

Table 55: World 15-Year Perspective for Manganese in Batteries
Production by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-89

Table 56: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese in Other Applications by Geographic Region- US,
Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013
through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-90

Table 57: World Historic Review for Manganese in Other
Applications by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-91

Table 58: World 15-Year Perspective for Manganese in Other
Applications by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-92


III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES III-1
A.Market Analysis III-1
Outlook III-1
Market Overview III-1
Market Snapshots III-2
Turnaround in Construction Sector to Bode Well for the Market III-2
Table 59: Residential Construction in the US (2007-2013):
Number of Housing Starts by Type - Single-Family Units and
Multi-Family Units (in ‘000) (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-3

Table 60: Projected Growth in the US Construction Market by
Sector (2012-2020) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-4
Manganese Prices in US Look Stable III-4
Trade Statistics III-5
Table 61: US Imports of Manganese Ores and Concentrates
(2012 and 2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Imports
by Destination Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5

Table 62: US Exports of Manganese Ores and Concentrates
(2012 and 2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Exports
by Destination Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5

Table 63: US Imports of Silicomanganese (2013): Breakdown
of Volume Imports (in Metric Tons) by Country of Origin
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-6

Table 64: US Exports of Silicomanganese (2013): Breakdown
of Volume Exports (in Metric Tons) by Destination Country
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-6

Table 65: US Imports of Manganese Dioxide (2013): Breakdown
of Volume Imports (in Metric Tons) by Country of Origin
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-7

Table 66: US Imports of Ferromanganese (High Carbon)
(2013): Breakdown of Volume Imports (in Metric Tons) by
Country of Origin (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-7

Table 67: US Imports of Manganese Ore (47% or more
Manganese) (2013): Breakdown of Volume Imports (in Metric
Tons) by Country of Origin (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-8

Table 68: US Imports of Manganese Metal (Unwrought Flake)
(2013): Breakdown of Volume Imports (in Metric Tons) by
Country of Origin (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-8

Table 69: US Imports of Manganese Ore, Ferromanganese and
Silicomanganese (2009-2013): Import Volume in Thousand
Metric Tons (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-9

Table 70: US Exports of Manganese Ore (20% or more
Manganese) (2013): Breakdown of Volume Exports (in Metric
Tons) by Destination Country (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-9

Table 71: US Exports of Ferromanganese (2% or less Carbon)
(2013): Breakdown of Volume Exports (in Metric Tons) by
Destination Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-10

Table 72: US Exports of Manganese Ore, Ferromanganese and
Silicomanganese (2009-2013): Export Volume in Thousand
Metric Tons (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-10
Strategic Corporate Developments III-11
Carus Corporation - A Key Player III-11
B.Market Analytics III-12
Table 73: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese by Product Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and Other Alloys), and
Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and Chlorides) Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-12

Table 74: US Historic Review for Manganese by Product
Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese
Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy
and Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through
2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-13

Table 75: US 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by Product
Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for
Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy,
Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and
Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-14

Table 76: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese by End-Use Segment - Steel, Batteries and Other
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in
Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-15

Table 77: US Historic Review for Manganese by End-Use
Segment - Steel, Batteries and Other Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-16

Table 78: US 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by End-Use
Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for
Steel, Batteries and Other Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-17

2. CANADA III-18
A.Market Analysis III-18
Outlook III-18
Canadian Manganese Market: Historic Perspective III-18
Strategic Corporate Developments III-18
B.Market Analytics III-19
Table 79: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Manganese by Product Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and Other Alloys), and
Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and Chlorides) Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-19

Table 80: Canadian Historic Review for Manganese by Product
Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese
Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy
and Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through
2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-20

Table 81: Canadian 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy,
Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and
Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-21

Table 82: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Manganese by End-Use Segment - Steel, Batteries and
Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-22

Table 83: Canadian Historic Review for Manganese by End-Use
Segment - Steel, Batteries and Other Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-23

Table 84: Canadian 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Steel, Batteries and Other Markets for Years 2006, 2014
and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-24

3. JAPAN III-25
A.Market Analysis III-25
Outlook III-25
Taguchi Mine - A Key Source of Shirozulite III-25
Strategic Corporate Developments III-25
Nippon Denko Company Ltd. - A Key Player III-26
B.Market Analytics III-27
Table 85: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Manganese by Product Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and Other Alloys), and
Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and Chlorides) Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-27

Table 86: Japanese Historic Review for Manganese by Product
Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese
Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy
and Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through
2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-28

Table 87: Japanese 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy,
Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and
Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-29

Table 88: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Manganese by End-Use Segment - Steel, Batteries and
Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-30

Table 89: Japanese Historic Review for Manganese by End-Use
Segment - Steel, Batteries and Other Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-31

Table 90: Japanese 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Steel, Batteries and Other Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-32

4. EUROPE III-33
A.Market Analysis III-33
Outlook III-33
Construction Industry and its Effect on Manganese Market III-33
Opportunity Indicator III-34
Table 91: Projected Growth in the West European
Construction Market by Country (2014-2020) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-34
European Manganese Market Records Fall in Prices III-34
B.Market Analytics III-35
Table 92: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Manganese by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy,
UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for
Years 2013 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35

Table 93: European Historic Review for Manganese by
Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain,
Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed
with Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years
2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-36

Table 94: European 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume
Consumption for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia
and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-37

Table 95: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Manganese by Product Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and Other Alloys), and
Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and Chlorides) Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-38

Table 96: European Historic Review for Manganese by Product
Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese
Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy
and Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through
2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-39

Table 97: European 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy,
Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and
Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-40

Table 98: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Manganese by End-Use Segment - Steel, Batteries and
Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-41

Table 99: European Historic Review for Manganese by End-Use
Segment - Steel, Batteries and Other Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-42

Table 100: European 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Steel, Batteries and Other Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-43

4a. FRANCE III-44
A.Market Analysis III-44
Outlook III-44
Eramet SA - A Key Player III-44
B.Market Analytics III-45
Table 101: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese by Product Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and Other Alloys), and
Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and Chlorides) Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-45

Table 102: French Historic Review for Manganese by Product
Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese
Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy
and Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through
2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-46

Table 103: French 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy,
Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and
Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-47

Table 104: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese by End-Use Segment - Steel, Batteries and Other
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in
Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-48

Table 105: French Historic Review for Manganese by End-Use
Segment - Steel, Batteries and Other Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-49

Table 106: French 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Steel, Batteries and Other Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-50

4b. GERMANY III-51
Market Analysis III-51
Table 107: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese by Product Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and Other Alloys), and
Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and Chlorides) Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-51

Table 108: German Historic Review for Manganese by Product
Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese
Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy
and Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through
2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-52

Table 109: German 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy,
Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and
Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-53

Table 110: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese by End-Use Segment - Steel, Batteries and Other
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in
Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-54

Table 111: German Historic Review for Manganese by End-Use
Segment - Steel, Batteries and Other Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-55

Table 112: German 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Steel, Batteries and Other Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-56

4c. ITALY III-57
Market Analysis III-57
Table 113: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Manganese by Product Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and Other Alloys), and
Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and Chlorides) Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-57

Table 114: Italian Historic Review for Manganese by Product
Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese
Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy
and Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through
2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-58

Table 115: Italian 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy,
Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and
Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-59

Table 116: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Manganese by End-Use Segment - Steel, Batteries and
Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-60

Table 117: Italian Historic Review for Manganese by End-Use
Segment - Steel, Batteries and Other Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-61

Table 118: Italian 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Steel, Batteries and Other Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-62

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM III-63
A.Market Analysis III-63
Outlook III-63
Strategic Corporate Development III-63
Anglo American Plc - A Key Player III-63
B.Market Analytics III-64
Table 119: UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese by Product Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and Other Alloys), and
Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and Chlorides) Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-64

Table 120: UK Historic Review for Manganese by Product
Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese
Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy
and Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through
2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-65

Table 121: UK 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by Product
Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for
Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy,
Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and
Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-66

Table 122: UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Manganese by End-Use Segment - Steel, Batteries and Other
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in
Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-67

Table 123: UK Historic Review for Manganese by End-Use
Segment - Steel, Batteries and Other Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-68

Table 124: UK 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by End-Use
Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for
Steel, Batteries and Other Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-69

4e. SPAIN III-70
Market Analysis III-70
Table 125: Spanish Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Manganese by Product Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and Other Alloys), and
Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and Chlorides) Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-70

Table 126: Spanish Historic Review for Manganese by Product
Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese
Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy
and Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2006 through
2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-71

Table 127: Spanish 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy,
Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and
Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and
Chlorides) Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-72

Table 128: Spanish Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Manganese by End-Use Segment - Steel, Batteries and
Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-73

Table 129: Spanish Historic Review for Manganese by End-Use
Segment - Steel, Batteries and Other Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand Metric Tons for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-74

Table 130: Spanish 15-Year Perspective for Manganese by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption
for Steel, Batteries and Other Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-75

4f. RUSSIA III-76
A.Market Analysis III-76
Outlook III-76
Market Overview III-76
B.Market Analytics III-77
Table 131: Russian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Manganese by Product Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Silico Manganese Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese
Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy and Other Alloys), and
Compounds (Oxides, Sulphates, and Chlorides) Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-77

Table 132: Russian Historic Review for Manganese by Product
Segment - Alloys (Ferro Manganese Alloy, Silico Manganese
Alloy, Refined Ferro Manganese Alloy, Manganese Metal Alloy
and Other Alloys), and Compounds (Oxides, Sulp

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